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1.
Small ; : e2005573, 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734605

RESUMO

Layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) of group VIB have been widely used in the realms of energy storage and conversions. Along with the existence of semiconducting states, their metallic phases have recently attracted numerous attentions owing to their fascinating physical and chemical properties. Many efforts have been devoted to obtain metallic TMDs with high purity and yield. Nevertheless, such metallic phase is thermodynamically metastable and tends to convert into semiconducting phase, which necessitates the exploration over effective strategies to ensure the stability. In this review, typical fabrication routes are introduced and those critical factors during preparation are elaborately discussed. Moreover, the stabilized strategies are summarized with concrete examples highlighting the key mechanisms toward efficient stabilization. Finally, emerging energy applications are overviewed. This review presents comprehensive research status of metallic group VIB TMDs, aiming to facilitate further scientific investigations and promote future practical applications in the fields of energy storage and conversion.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689279

RESUMO

How to develop efficient red-emitting organometallics of earth-abundant copper(I) is a formidable challenge in the field of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) because Cu(I) complexes have weak spin-orbit coupling and a serious excited-state reorganization effect. Here, a red Cu(I) complex, MAC*-Cu-DPAC, was developed using a rigid 9,9-diphenyl-9,10-dihydroacridine donor ligand in a carbene-metal-amide motif. The Cu(I) complex achieved satisfactory red emission, a high photoluminescence quantum yield of up to 70%, and a sub-microsecond lifetime. Thanks to a linear geometry and the acceptor and donor ligands in a coplanar conformation, the complex exhibited a high horizontal dipole ratio of 77% in the host matrix, first demonstrated for coinage metal(I) complexes. The resulting OLEDs delivered high external quantum efficiencies of 21.1% at a maximum and 20.1% at 1000 nits, together with a red emission peak at ∼630 nm. These values represent the state-of-the-art performance for red-emitting OLEDs based on coinage metal complexes.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(4)2021 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33562219

RESUMO

Seed dormancy and germination are key events in plant development and are critical for crop production, and defects in seed germination or the inappropriate release of seed dormancy cause substantial losses in crop yields. Rice is the staple food for more than half of the world's population, and preharvest sprouting (PHS) is one of the most severe problems in rice production, due to a low level of seed dormancy, especially under warm and damp conditions. Therefore, PHS leads to yield loss and a decrease in rice quality and vitality. We reveal that mutation of OsbZIP09 inhibited rice PHS. Analysis of the expression of OsbZIP09 and its encoded protein sequence and structure indicated that OsbZIP09 is a typical bZIP transcription factor that contains conserved bZIP domains, and its expression is induced by ABA. Moreover, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and DNA affinity purification sequencing (DAP-seq) analyses were performed and 52 key direct targets of OsbZIP09 were identified, including OsLOX2 and Late Embryogenesis Abundant (LEA) family genes, which are involved in controlling seed germination. Most of these key targets showed consistent changes in expression in response to abscisic acid (ABA) treatment and OsbZIP09 mutation. The data characterize a number of key target genes that are directly regulated by OsbZIP09 and contribute to revealing the molecular mechanism that underlies how OsbZIP09 controls rice seed germination.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33525878

RESUMO

Highly customized and free-formed products in flexible hybrid electronics (FHE) require direct pattern creation such as inkjet printing (IJP) to accelerate product development. In this work, we demonstrate the direct growth of graphene on Cu ink deposited on polyimide (PI) by means of plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), which provides simultaneous reduction, sintering, and passivation of the Cu ink and further reduces its resistivity. We investigate the PECVD growth conditions for optimizing the graphene quality on Cu ink and find that the defect characteristics of graphene are sensitive to the H2/CH4 ratio at higher total gas pressure during the growth. The morphology of Cu ink after the PECVD process and the dependence of the graphene quality on the H2/CH4 ratio may be attributed to the difference in the corresponding electron temperature. Therefore, this study paves a new pathway toward efficient growth of high-quality graphene on Cu ink for applications in flexible electronics and Internet of Things (IoT).

5.
Biochem Cell Biol ; 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529121

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death globally. Ubiquitin modification plays a crucial role in regulation of gene expression, and is closely related to cancer pathogenesis. The aim of our study is to demystify the role and action mechanism of HECT, C2 and WW domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1 (HECW1) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we demonstrated that HECW1 expression was notably increased in NSCLC cell lines and tissues. Increasing of HECW1 markedly enhanced, whereas decreasing of HECW1 notably inhibited the proliferation of NSCLC cells. Moreover, the expression levels of HECW1 positively correlated with the ability of NSCLC cells migration and invasion. Increasing of HECW1 or silencing of HECW1 only affected the SMAD family member 4 (Smad4) protein level, but not have no effect on its mRNA level. Furthermore, after treatment with MG-132, the relative protein level of Smad4 significantly increased in NSCLC cells. HECW1 promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of NSCLC cells by inducing the ubiquitination and degradation of Smad4. Our data provided a novel target for NSCLC treatment.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580856

RESUMO

Two biofilters with low pH and neutral pH were operated on pilot scale for the treatment of complex gases containing hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, acetic acid, and toluene during 205 days. Under the coexistence of complex gases, the low-pH biofilter (LPB) had higher removal efficiency (RE) for hydrogen sulfide and toluene, and the maximum efficiencies were 99.24% and 99.90% respectively, while the neutral-pH biofilter (NPB) had higher REs of ammonia and acetic acid, up to 99.90% and 99.92% respectively. Higher pressure drop up to 622 Pa was achieved in the LPB, most likely caused by the special structure of fungi different from bacteria. Determination of the concentration of carbon-based intermediates revealed the dominant microbial removal of acetic acid and clarified the relationship between the generation of intermediate and the performance of biofilters. Respective amount of CO2 in the inlet and outlet showed that the mineralization capacity of the NPB was higher than that of the LPB, and it was more influenced by empty bed residence time (EBRT). The proportion of different forms of nitrogen and sulfur in the filler indicated that the removal of ammonia in the LPB mainly depended on the adsorption by moisture, while that in the NPB was microbial degradation, which was also the main removal pathway of sulfur regardless of pH condition. The removal and transformation of different substances in coexisting complex gases showed different characteristics in the LPB and NPB respectively.

7.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517400

RESUMO

Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine with both pro- and anti-inflammatory properties with a heritability estimate of up to 61%. The circulating levels of IL-6 in blood have been associated with an increased risk of complex disease pathogenesis. We conducted a two-staged, discovery, and replication meta genome-wide association study (GWAS) of circulating serum IL-6 levels comprising up to 67 428 (ndiscovery = 52 654 and nreplication = 14 774) individuals of European ancestry. The inverse variance fixed-effects based discovery meta-analysis, followed by replication led to the identification of two independent loci, IL1F10/IL1RN rs6734238 on Chromosome (Chr) 2q14, (pcombined = 1.8 × 10-11), HLA-DRB1/DRB5 rs660895 on Chr6p21 (pcombined = 1.5 × 10-10) in the combined meta-analyses of all samples. We also replicated the IL6R rs4537545 locus on Chr1q21 (pcombined = 1.2 × 10-122). Our study identifies novel loci for circulating IL-6 levels uncovering new immunological and inflammatory pathways that may influence IL-6 pathobiology.

8.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 64, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myxoma is an uncommon disease and its symptoms vary greatly depending on size, location and mobility. Right-sided myxoma, especially right ventricular myxoma, is much rarer, and the symptoms are alien and uncharacteristic. The lack of understandings poses challenges to prompt diagnosis and timely treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44-year-old female patient was diagnosed with giant right ventricular tumor. Right heart failure and systemic congestion caused by right ventricular outflow tract obstruction were observed on this case. Surgery was performed to excise the mass which was measured at 9.5 * 5.0 cm and confirmed as myxoma pathologically. CONCLUSIONS: Right-side myxoma is easy to be unnoticed due to its low incident rate and atypical symptoms. Delay in surgical intervention might cause unrecoverable complications. More comprehensive understanding of the symptoms is expected to help improving the diagnose and treat of right-sided myxoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/complicações , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Mixoma/complicações , Mixoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Mixoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Raras , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 87(2): 159-172, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33426580

RESUMO

Cancer is a major health issue worldwide and the global burden of cancer is expected to reduce the costs of treatment as well as prolong the survival time. One of the promising approaches is drug repurposing, because it reduces costs and shortens the production cycle of research and development. Disulfiram (DSF), which was originally approved as an anti-alcoholism drug, has been proven safe and shows the potential to target tumours. Its anti-tumour effect has been reported in many preclinical studies and recently on seven types of cancer in humans: non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), liver cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, glioblastoma (GBM) and melanoma and has a successful breakthrough in the treatment of NSCLC and GBM. The mechanisms, particularly the intracellular signalling pathways, still remain to be completely elucidated. As shown in our previous study, DSF inhibits NF-kB signalling, proteasome activity, and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity. It induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy and has been used as an adjuvant therapy with irradiation or chemotherapy drugs. On the other hand, DSF not only kills the normal cancer cells but also has the ability to target cancer stem cells, which provides a new approach to prevent tumour recurrence and metastasis. Furthermore, other researchers have reported the ability of DSF to bind to nuclear protein localization protein 4 (NPL4), induce its immobilization and dysfunction, ultimately leading to cell death. Here, we provide an overview of DSF repurposing as a treatment in preclinical studies and clinical trials, and review studies describing the mechanisms underlying its anti-neoplastic effects.

10.
Neuroreport ; 32(2): 125-134, 2021 01 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323836

RESUMO

1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) can damage dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra in many mammals with biochemical and cellular changes that are relatively similar to those observed in Parkinson's disease. Our study examined whether MPTP-treated echolocation bats can cause changes in bat echolocation system. By considering ultrasound spectrums, auditory brainstem-evoked potentials and flight trajectories of normal bats, we observed that the vocal, auditory, orientation and movement functions of MPTP-treated bats were significantly impaired, and they exhibited various symptoms resembling those in patients with Parkinson's disease. Our immunohistochemistry and western blot analyses further indicated that expression of vocal-related FOXP2 in the superior colliculus, auditory-related otoferlin in the inferior colliculus, dopamine synthesis-related aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase in the substantia nigra and dopamine receptor in the striatum was significantly decreased. Furthermore, protein expression related to inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis in the substantia nigra was significantly increased in MPTP-treated bats. These results indicate that inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis may be instrumental in dopaminergic neurodegeneration in the substantia nigra. The vocal, auditory and orientation and movement dysfunctions of MPTP-treated bats are relatively consistent with symptoms of Parkinson's disease.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123412, 2021 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763702

RESUMO

Potential adverse effects of nanoplastics (NPs) on marine organisms have received increased attention in recent years. In contrast, few data are available on terrestrial plants, especially on the mechanisms for transport of NPs in plants and phytotoxicity (at both phenotypic and molecular levels) of plants induced by NPs. To address this knowledge gap, we conducted a microcosm study in which hydroponically-cultured rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings were exposed to polystyrene (PS)-NPs at 0, 10, 50, and 100 mg L-1 for 16 d and examined for morphological and physiological phenotypes and transcriptomics. Laser confocal scanning micrographs confirmed PS-NPs were uptaken by rice roots, greatly benefitted from the transport activity of aquaporin in rice roots. The significant enhancement (p < 0.05) of antioxidant enzyme activities reflected the oxidative stress response of rice roots upon exposure to PS-NPs. Treatment by PS-NPs decreased root length and increased lateral root numbers. Carbon metabolism was activated (e.g., increased carbon and soluble sugar contents) whereas jasmonic acid and lignin biosynthesis were inhibited. The present study demonstrated the likelihood for transport of PS-NPs in rice roots and induced phytotoxicity by PS-NPs, which should inspire further investigations into the potential human health risks from rice consumption.

12.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 321, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A floating thrombus in an ascending aorta with normal morphology is very rare, but when it does occur, it may induce a systemic embolism or fatal stroke. The pathophysiological mechanisms of aortic mural thrombi remain unclear, and there is no consensus regarding therapeutic recommendations. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 49-year-old male who presented with chest discomfort for 5 days and was admitted to our emergency unit. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography (CTA) surprisingly demonstrated a large filling defect suggestive of a thrombus in his otherwise healthy distal ascending aorta. Surgical resection of the mass and attachment site was performed. Histological examination confirmed that the mass was a thrombus, but the cause of the thrombus formation was unknown. CONCLUSIONS: floating aortic thrombi are rare, and they are prone to break off, thus carrying a potential risk for embolic events with catastrophic consequences. Surgical resection, both of the aortic thrombus and attachment site, as well as postoperative anticoagulant administration, are standard treatments.

13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 2383516, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299863

RESUMO

Purpose: The competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network regulatory has been investigated in the occurrence and development of many diseases. This research aimed at identifying the key RNAs of ceRNA network in pterygium and exploring the underlying molecular mechanism. Methods: Differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), microRNAs (miRNAs), and mRNAs were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and analyzed with the R programming language. LncRNA and miRNA expressions were extracted and pooled by the GEO database and compared with those in published literature. The lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network was constructed of selected lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs. Metascape was used to perform Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses on mRNAs of the ceRNA network and to perform Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) Network analysis on the String website to find candidate hub genes. The Comparative Toxicogenomic Database (CTD) was used to find hub genes closely related to pterygium. The differential expressions of hub genes were verified using the reverse transcription-real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Result: There were 8 lncRNAs, 12 miRNAs, and 94 mRNAs filtered to construct the primary ceRNA network. A key lncRNA LIN00472 ranking the top 1 node degree was selected to reconstruct the LIN00472 network. The GO and KEGG pathway enrichment showed the mRNAs in ceRNA networks mainly involved in homophilic cell adhesion via plasma membrane adhesion molecules, developmental growth, regulation of neuron projection development, cell maturation, synapse assembly, central nervous system neuron differentiation, and PID FOXM1 PATHWAY. According to the Protein-Protein Interaction Network (PPI) analysis on mRNAs in LINC00472 network, 10 candidate hub genes were identified according to node degree ranking. Using the CTD database, we identified 8 hub genes closely related to pterygium; RT-qPCR verified 6 of them were highly expressed in pterygium. Conclusion: Our research found LINC00472 might regulate 8 hub miRNAs (miR-29b-3p, miR-183-5p, miR-138-5p, miR-211-5p, miR-221-3p, miR-218-5p, miR-642a-5p, miR-5000-3p) and 6 hub genes (CDH2, MYC, CCNB1, RELN, ERBB4, RB1) in the ceRNA network through mainly PID FOXM1 PATHWAY and play an important role in the development of pterygium.

15.
RNA Biol ; 2020 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33280509

RESUMO

Regulation of gene expression starts from the transcription initiation. Regulated transcription initiation is critical for generating correct transcripts with proper abundance. The impact of epigenetic control, such as histone modifications and chromatin remodeling, on gene regulation has been extensively investigated, but their specific role in regulating transcription initiation is far from well understood. Here we aimed to better understand the roles of genes involved in histone H3 methylations and chromatin remodeling on the regulation of transcription initiation at a genome-scale using the budding yeast as a study system. We obtained and compared maps of transcription start site (TSS) at single-nucleotide resolution by nAnT-iCAGE for a strain with depletion of MINC (Mot1-Ino80C-Nc2) by Mot1p and Ino80p anchor-away (Mot1&Ino80AA) and a strain with loss of histone methylation (set1Δset2Δdot1Δ) to their wild-type controls. Our study showed that the depletion of MINC stimulated transcription initiation from many new sites flanking the dominant TSS of genes, while the loss of histone methylation generates more TSSs in the coding region. Moreover, the depletion of MINC led to less confined boundaries of TSS clusters (TCs) and resulted in broader core promoters, and such patterns are not present in the ssdΔ mutant. Our data also exhibits that the MINC has distinctive impacts on TATA-containing and TATA-less promoters. In conclusion, our study shows that MINC is required for accurate identification of bona fide TSSs, particularly in TATA-containing promoters, and histone methylation contributes to the repression of transcription initiation in coding regions.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(22): 5362-5372, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350195

RESUMO

To explore the mechanism of Sijunzi Decoction in the treatment of ulcerative colitis(UC) based on network pharmacology. The active components and corresponding targets of Sijunzi Decoction were extracted with Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), and the targets were standardized with the help of Uniprot database. The related targets of UC were obtained through GeneCards database and Disgenet database, and the intersection targets of drugs and diseases were screened by R language. The visual regulation network of "active ingredient-disease target" of Sijunzi Decoction was constructed by Cytoscape software, and the protein-protein interaction network was constructed by STRING database. The functional enrichment analysis of gene ontology(GO) and the enrichment analysis of Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway were carried out on Bioconductor platform, and some of the targets were verified by animal experiments. Through database analysis, a total of 135 active components of Sijunzi Decoction, 114 predicted targets and 80 common targets with UC were obtained. The core target proteins included interleukin 6(IL-6), caspase-3(CASP3), vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) and so on. GO functional enrichment analysis involved 102 items, which mainly affected transcription factor activity, enzyme activity, receptor activity and biochemical process regulation. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that 120 items were involved in human cytomegalovirus infection, cancer, apoptosis, inflammation and other pathways. Mouse experiments showed that Sijunzi Decoction could down-regulate the expression of target proteins IL-6 and caspase-3 and inhibit intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis. The treatment of UC with Sijunzi Decoction is the result of the interaction among multi-components, multi-targets and multi-pathways. It is proved by experiments that Sijunzi Decoction may play an effective role by regulating the expression of IL-6 and caspase-3, and getting involved in apoptosis, inflammation and other pathways.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Camundongos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
17.
Chemistry ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33241622

RESUMO

The development of the thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters with orange-red emission is still lagged behind their blue, green and yellow counterparts. Recent researches to address this problem mainly focused on developing new acceptor units. There were few donor units designed especially for orange-red emitters. Herein, with the benzothiophene fused to the diphenyl acridine donor unit, a new donor moiety, namely BTDPAc, was designed and synthesized. Benefited from the strong electron-donating ability of the new donor moiety, a new TADF emitter, BTDPAc-PhNAI, shows an orange-red emission with its peak at 610 nm in dilute toluene solution. Also, with the help of the diphenyl rings of the donor unit, high photoluminescence quantum yields (ΦPL) were achieved for BTDPAc-PhNAI at a wide concentration range. Consequently, the orange-red OLED based on BTDPAc-PhNAI achieved a high external quantum efficiency (EQE) of nearly 20%, which is comparable to the state-of-art device performances with similar emission spectra.

18.
Langmuir ; 36(48): 14748-14762, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213147

RESUMO

This paper combined experiments with a theoretical model to simulate the behavior between a foam and heavy oil during contact pressing, separation, and adsorption. We discuss the changes in the elasticity and adsorption forces during the pressing and adsorption of the two fluids. The influence of the changes in temperature and pressure, the concentration of the sodium dodecyl sulfate surfactant, the heavy oil viscosity, and the addition of partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide and hydrophobic SiO2 nanoparticles was studied. The results showed that the overall increase in the elasticity and adsorption forces between the foam at 1 wt % surfactant and heavy oil was more than 2 times greater than those of the foam with 0.2 wt % surfactant. The increase in viscosity of heavy oil also increased various forces. The overall improvement in the adsorption force between fluids caused by nanoparticles during separation and adsorption stages reached 1.8 times, which was better than that obtained using the polymer (1.65 times). However, the polymer showed a 1.4 times higher elastic force during the fluid pressing stage than the nanoparticles and about 4 times higher than the control foam, and the increase in temperature greatly weakened the effect of the force, while the change in pressure did not cause much impact. An analytical model was built based on fluid mechanics, and the calculation results were consistent with the experimental data with an error of about 5-12%, suggesting that this model provides a good reference value.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156697

RESUMO

Background - Excess alcohol intake and inherited predisposition may increase risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). We assessed the association between alcohol intake, polygenic predisposition to AF, and incident AF in the UK Biobank, a prospective cohort study. Methods - In 376,776 UK Biobank participants enrolled between 2006-2010, we tested alcohol consumption (stratified by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention acceptable range of ≤98 grams/week for women or ≤196 grams/week for men; and as a continuous variable) and an AF polygenic risk score (PRS) for association with incident AF. Results - Among participants (47.5% male, mean age 56.9 years), 6,293 developed AF during a median of 6.9 years of follow-up. Alcohol consumption was associated with AF (hazard ratio [HR] 1.10; 95% CI 1.05-1.16 for intake above an acceptable range; HR 1.04 per 100 grams/week; 95% CI 1.02-1.06). An AF PRS was associated with AF (HR, 1.38 per SD; 95% CI, 1.35-1.41). In models including both alcohol and the AF PRS, each remained associated with AF. The five-year cumulative risk of AF for individuals with alcohol intake above an acceptable range and in the highest decile of polygenic risk was 2.33% (95% CI, 2.07-2.59), compared to 0.69% (95% CI, 0.58-0.80) for those with alcohol intake within an acceptable range and in the lowest decile of polygenic risk. Conclusions - Alcohol consumption is associated with increased risk of AF across a range of polygenic predisposition to AF and adds to inherited and clinical predisposition to increase AF susceptibility. Preventive efforts focused on minimizing alcohol intake may be broadly applicable.

20.
Asian J Androl ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159026

RESUMO

The present study aimed to determine whether the number of patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) who preferred surgery decreased during the past 11 years at our center (West China Hospital, Chengdu, China), and whether this change affected the timing of surgery and the physical condition of surgical patients. This retrospective study included 57 557 patients with BPH treated from January 2008 to December 2018. Of these, 5427 patients were treated surgically. Surgical patients were divided into two groups based on the time of treatment (groups 8-13 and groups 13-18). The collected data comprised the percentage of all patients with BPH who underwent surgery, baseline characteristics of surgical patients, rehabilitation time, adverse events, and hospitalization costs. The surgery rates in groups 8-13 and groups 13-18 were 10.5% and 8.5% (P < 0.001), respectively. The two groups did not clinically differ regarding patient age and prostate volume. The rates of acute urinary retention and renal failure decreased from 15.0% to 10.6% (P < 0.001) and from 5.2% to 3.1% (P < 0.001), respectively. In groups 8-13 and groups 13-18, the mean catheterization times were 4.0 ± 1.7 days and 3.3 ± 1.6 days (P < 0.001), respectively, and the mean postoperative hospitalization times were 5.1 ± 2.4 days and 4.2 ± 1.8 days (P < 0.001), respectively. The incidences of unplanned second surgery and death reduced during the study period. The surgery rate decreased over time, which suggests that medication was chosen over surgery. However, the percentage of late complications of BPH also decreased over time, which indicates that the timing of surgery was not delayed.

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