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1.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-5, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759661

RESUMO

Amomum maximum Roxb. rhizome is a fork medicine mainly used in South and Southeast Asia. In present study, the hypoglycaemic effects of the ethanolic extract of A. maximum rhizome were demonstrated both on α-glucosidase assay in vitro and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced postprandial hyperglycaemia in mice. Furthermore, six labdane diterpenes, amoxanthin A (1), ottensinin (2), coronarin D (3), coronarin D methyl ether (4), isocoronarin D (5), and zerumin (6), were isolated from its ethyl acetate sub-fraction with the guidance of α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Among these compounds, 2 and 6 exhibited significant inhibitory effect on α-glucosidase, as well as on STZ-induced high postprandial blood glucose levels in mice. Additionally, molecular docking analysis revealed that 2 and 6 could firmly bind to the active sites of α-glucosidase. These results suggest that compounds 2 and 6 are the main anti-hyperglycaemic agents present in A. maximum, which may demonstrate potential beneficial effects in diabetes management.

2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 247: 116740, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829859

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a lung disease with highly heterogeneous and mortality rate, but its therapeutic options are now still limited. Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been characterized by WHO as a pandemic, and the global number of confirmed COVID-19 cases has been more than 8.0 million. It is strongly supported for that PF should be one of the major complications in COVID-19 patients by the evidences of epidemiology, viral immunology and current clinical researches. The anti-PF properties of naturally occurring polysaccharides have attracted increasing attention in last two decades, but is still lack of a comprehensively understanding. In present review, the resources, structural features, anti-PF activities, and underlying mechanisms of these polysaccharides are summarized and analyzed, which was expected to provide a scientific evidence supporting the application of polysaccharides for preventing or treating PF in COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Bleomicina/toxicidade , COVID-19 , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/fisiologia , Fungos/química , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Heterogênea D0/fisiologia , Humanos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Camundongos , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fitoterapia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/etiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , RNA Longo não Codificante/antagonistas & inibidores , Ratos , SARS-CoV-2 , Alga Marinha/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Smad2/fisiologia , Proteína Smad3/fisiologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/antagonistas & inibidores
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32328146

RESUMO

In Southwestern China, the root of Morinda angustifolia Roxb. has been employed as a folk medicine for treating various types of hepatitis and jaundice. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of anthraquinones extract from M. angustifolia root (AEMA) in carbon tetrachloride- (CCl4-) induced liver injury in mice and identify the main bioactive components. Results indicated that AEMA pretreatment could significantly, in a dose-dependent manner, attenuate the increased levels of ALT and AST in mice serum induced by CCl4. At doses of 100 and 200 mg/kg, AEMA exhibited significant suppression of the elevated hepatic levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), as well as marked upregulatory effects on the activities of antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in mice exposed to CCl4. However, AEMA treatment had no effect on the antioxidant enzyme catalase (CAT) or the nonenzymatic antioxidant glutathione (GSH). Furthermore, two anthraquinone constituents were isolated from AEMA and identified as soranjidiol and rubiadin-3-methyl ether. Soranjidiol exhibited similar protective effects to those of AEMA on liver damage induced by CCl4. Overall, our research clearly demonstrated the hepatoprotective effects of the AEMA, and anthraquinones, particularly soranjidiol, should be considered as the main hepatoprotective principles of M. angustifolia. In addition, the underlying mechanism may be, at least in part, related to its antioxidant properties.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31057651

RESUMO

Oenanthe javanica, popularly known as water dropwort, has long been used in various ethnomedical systems in Asia, especially in China, Korean, and Japan, for treating various chronic and acute hepatitis, jaundice, alcohol hangovers, abdominal pain, and inflammatory conditions. The present review aims to provide a general report of the available literature on traditional uses, phytochemical, pharmacological, nutritional, and toxicological data related to the O. javanica as a potential source of new compounds with biological activities. Considering phytochemical studies, coumarins, flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides, organic acids, and polyphenols were the main classes of compounds identified in the whole plant which were correlated with their biological activities such as hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, immune enhancement, ethanol elimination, antioxidant, antiviral, neuroprotective, anti-cancer, anticoagulant, anti-fatigue, hypoglycemic, cardiovascular protection, analgesic, and insecticidal activities.

5.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 71(4): 450-453, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27452308

RESUMO

Two novel diphenylheptanes, 2,3- dihydro-2 - (4' - hydroxy-phenylethyl) - 6 - [(3″,4″ - dihydroxy-5" - methoxy) phenyl] -4 - pyrone (CG-A) and 4 - dihydro-2 - (4' - hydroxy-phenylmethyl) -6 - [(3",4″ - dihydroxy-5″ - methoxyphenyl) methylene]-pyran-3, 5 - dione (CG-B), were isolated from the dried fruits of Amomum tsaoko, a commercially important spice. This study was designed to investigate their protective effects against H2O2-induced nerve injury, using PC-12 cells to determine the cell cytotoxicity and cell viability. The inhibitory effect on (nitric oxide) NO production was also determined in (lipopolysaccharide) LPS-stimulated macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. The results showed that CG-A and CG-B displayed significant neuroprotective effect and exhibited anti-inflammatory activity in a dose-dependent manner. These findings suggest that CG-A and CG-B are very important nutritional ingredients responsible for the neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory health benefits of A. tsaoko.


Assuntos
Amomum/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Heptanos/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Especiarias/análise , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Catecóis/química , Catecóis/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Heptanos/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células PC12 , Pironas/química , Pironas/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Ratos
6.
EXCLI J ; 14: 706-13, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26648822

RESUMO

Curcuma phaeocaulis Val. is used in Chinese Pharmacopoeia as health food and folk medicine for removing blood stasis, alleviating pain and tumor therapy. This research was aimed to explore and compare three main bioactivities including anti-oxidant, antitumor and anti-inflammatory activities between the ethanol extract of C. Phaeocaulis and its fractions using different in vitro models. Firstly, 70 % ethanol was used to extract C. Phaeocaulis, and then the crude extract was re-extracted, resulting in petroleum ether (EZ-PE), ethyl acetate (EZ-EA), and water fractions (EZ-W), respectively, and then a series of index was detected. Results showed that all the extracts had medium DPPH radical scavenging activity when the concentration was 200 µg/ml and their DPPH radical scavenging activity was in a concentration-dependent manner. The extracts except ethanol extract of C. Phaeocaulis had almost no cytotoxicity to the survival of RAW264.7 cell when the concentration reached 80 µg/ml, and all of them had medium inhibitory effect on nitrite release. Extracts of C. Phaeocaulis had medium intensity antitumor activity, EZ-PE and EZ-EA fractions significantly inhibited the proliferation of four tumor cells (SMMC-7721 cell lines, HepG-2 cell lines, A549 cell lines and Hela cell lines). C. Phaeocaulis had antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, which did not carry out centralized phenomenon when re-extracted. EZ-PE and EZ-EA were active antitumor sites of C. Phaeocaulis.

7.
Carbohydr Polym ; 130: 307-15, 2015 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26076631

RESUMO

Polysaccharides of Rubus chingii Hu fruit and leaf were extracted to compare their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities against breast cancer cells MCF-7 and liver cancer cells Bel-7402. Results showed that all the tested bioactivities of polysaccharides from leaf (L-Ps) were better than those of polysaccharides from fruit (F-Ps). Response surface methodology was then used to optimize the extraction conditions of polysaccharides from leaf. Additionally, polysaccharides from fruit and leaf were characterized and their contents of total sugars, proteins and uronic acid were compared. It was found that polysaccharides from fruit and leaf were similar in IR and UV absorption, but significantly different in contents of total sugars, protein and uronic acid. Their elution profiles of DEAE-Sepharose fast flow column were different too. The main peak of polysaccharides from fruit was eluted with 0.3 mol/l NaCl solution and the main peak of polysaccharides from leaf was eluted with deionized water. The differences between the two polysaccharides may be responsible for their differences in bioactivities. Further studies are required to explore their complete structural characteristics, structure-activity relationship and the mechanism of their activities.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Rubus/química , Animais , Western Blotting , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Polissacarídeos/química , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25821492

RESUMO

The rhizome of Smilax glabra has been used for a long time as both food and folk medicine in many countries. The present study focused on the active constituents from the rhizome of S. glabra, which possess potential anti-inflammatory activities. As a result, nine known compounds were isolated from the rhizome of S. glabra with the bioassay-guiding, and were identified as syringaresinol (1), lasiodiplodin (2), de-O-methyllasiodiplodin (3), syringic acid (4), 1,4-bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2,3-bis(hydroxymethyl)-1,4-butanediol (5), lyoniresinol (6), trans-resveratrol (7), trans-caffeic acid methyl ester (8), and dihydrokaempferol (9). Among these compounds, 2 and 3 were isolated for the first time from S. glabra. In addition, the potential anti-inflammatory activities of the isolated compounds were evaluated in vitro in lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced RAW264.7 cells. Results indicated that 4 and 7 showed significant inhibitory effects on NO production of RAW264.7 cells, and 1, 2, 3, and 5 showed moderate suppression effects on induced NO production. 1, 7, and 5 exhibited high inhibitory effects on TNF-α production, with the IC50 values less than 2.3, 4.4, and 16.6 µM, respectively. These findings strongly suggest that compounds 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 9 were the potential anti-inflammatory active compositions of S. glabra.

9.
Carbohydr Polym ; 122: 428-36, 2015 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25817687

RESUMO

The rhizomes of Smilax glabra have been used as both food and folk medicine in many countries for a long time. However, little research has been reported on polysaccharides of S. glabra. In the present study, two polysaccharide fractions, SGP-1 and SGP-2, were isolated from the rhizomes of S. glabra with the number average molecular weights of 1.72 × 10(2)kDa and 1.31 × 10(2)kDa, and the weight average molecular weights of 1.31 × 10(5)kDa and 1.18 × 10(5)kDa, respectively, and their mainly monosaccharide compositions were both galactose and rhamnose (2.5:1). Both SGP-1 and SGP-2 significantly suppressed the release of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) from LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, as well as the mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), TNF-α and IL-6. Additionally, SGP-1 and SGP-2 repressed the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK). These findings strongly suggested polysaccharides were also the anti-inflammatory active ingredient for S. glabra, and the potential of SGP-1 and SGP-2 as the anti-inflammatory agents.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Smilax/química , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Western Blotting , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Inflamação/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Rizoma/química
10.
Molecules ; 20(1): 625-44, 2015 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25569518

RESUMO

Astilbin, a dihydroflavonol derivative found in many food and medicine plants, exhibited multiple pharmacological functions. In the present study, the ethanol extraction of astilbin from the rhizome of smilax glabra Roxb was optimized by response surface methodology (RSM) using Box-Behnken design. Results indicated that the obtained experimental data was well fitted to a second-order polynomial equation by using multiple regression analysis, and the optimal extraction conditions were identified as an extraction time of 40 min, ethanol concentration of 60%, temperature of 73.63 °C, and liquid-solid ratio of 29.89 mL/g for the highest predicted yield of astilbin (15.05 mg/g), which was confirmed through validation experiments. In addition, the anti-inflammatory efficiency of astilbin was evaluated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells. Results showed that astilbin, at non-cytotoxicity concentrations, significantly suppressed the production of nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), as well as the mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and TNF-α in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, but did not affect interleukin-6 (IL-6) release or its mRNA expression. These effects may be related to its up-regulation of the phosphorylation of p65, extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK).


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Flavonóis/isolamento & purificação , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Rizoma/química , Smilax/química , Análise de Variância , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonóis/farmacologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Modelos Teóricos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
11.
Food Funct ; 6(2): 431-43, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25464007

RESUMO

This study was carried out to isolate ingredients from the seeds of a Chinese spice (Alpinia galangal) and to evaluate their cytotoxic activity on cancer cell lines. Isolation and purification of the phytochemical constituents were conducted using silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and ODS columns. After extraction using 95% ethanol, the total extracts were re-extracted, resulting in petroleum ether (PE), ethyl acetate (EA) and water fractions, respectively. Activity tests showed that the EA fraction exhibited obvious (p < 0.05) protective effects on H2O2 damaged PC-12 cells at 20 µg mL(-1), and showed much higher (p < 0.05) cytotoxic activity on cancer cell lines than other fractions. Five compounds, 1'-S-1'-acetoxyeugenol acetate (I), 1'-S-1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (II), 2-propenal, 3-[4-(acetyloxy)-3-methoxyphenyl] (III), isocoronarin D (IV) and caryolane-1, 9ß-diol (V), were obtained from the EA fraction and identified by HPLC, UV, MS, and NMR spectroscopic analyses. Compounds III and V were isolated from A. galangal for the first time. Moreover, compounds I, II, IV and V were the main active ingredients for inducing death of the tested cancer cells, and their IC50 values ranged from 60 to 90 µg mL(-1), indicating that these compounds possessed a wide anti-cancer capability. Therefore, A. galangal seeds could be a potential source of healthy food for tumor prevention.


Assuntos
Alpinia/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sementes/química , Especiarias , Acetatos/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dextranos , Análise de Alimentos , Células HeLa , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Células PC12 , Ratos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25477999

RESUMO

Smilax glabra Roxb. has been used for a long time as both food and folk medicine. In the present study, phenolic-enriched extract of S. glabra (PEESG) was extracted with 70% ethanol and purified by HP-20 column chromatography. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities were evaluated by radical scavenging assay, reducing power determination, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells assays, respectively. PEESG exhibited obviously scavenging capacity for DPPH and ABTS radicals, as well as significant reducing power for ferric ion. Particularly, PEESG (12.5-50 µg/mL) showed a significantly higher efficiency for scavenging ABTS than that of ascorbic acid and no significant difference with ascorbic acid for DPPH scavenging. PEESG also possessed a significant suppression effect on proinflammatory mediators production, such as nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. In addition, the main ingredients of PEESG were identified using ultrahigh pressure liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray mass spectrometry (U-HPLC-ESI-MS). Seventeen components, including 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid, neoastilbin, astilbin, neoisoastilbin, isoastilbin, engetin and isoengeletin were identified. These findings strongly suggest the potential of PEESG as a natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent.

13.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 14: 268, 2014 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25070190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bushen-Qiangdu-Zhilv Decoction (BQZ) is one of famous traditional Chinese medical formula for treating ankylosing spondylitis (AS). However, the mechanisms underlying effects of BQZ remains unknown. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1, play an important role in AS. We therefore evaluated if BQZ could affect the expression of these cytokines. METHODS: Crude extracts were prepared and fractioned with petroleum ether (PE), ethyl acetate (EA), n-butanol (BU) and finally water (ACE). The stability of the extracts was confirmed by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. M1-polarized RAW264.7 was induced and subsequently treated with BQZ extracts. Quantitative real-time PCR experiments were performed to measure mRNA expression of TNF-α and IL-1. RESULTS: It was found that TNF-α could be significantly suppressed by ACE extracts, whereas IL-1 was dramatically inhibited by BU extracts, which was further confirmed by dose-dependent experiments. Importantly, MTS assays showed that both ACE and BU extracts had a low cytotoxicity. CONCLUSION: Altogether, our study indicates that BQZ decoction exerts anti-AS effects via its anti-inflammatory activity and may have a low side-effect. Further analysis of the extracts of BQZ decoction could lead to a discovery of some novel drugs adding to therapeutic strategy for AS patients.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Citocinas/genética , Feminino , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos
14.
Food Funct ; 5(8): 1747-54, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24915829

RESUMO

In this work, a phytochemical investigation was conducted on Amomum tsaoko Crevost et Lemaire, a traditional Chinese spice. Based on spectroscopic methods including MS, (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR, DEPT135 and HMQC spectroscopy, eight main chemical compositions, sitosterol, daucosterol, meso-hannokinol, quercetin, epicatechin, quercetin-7-O-ß-glucoside, quercetin-3-O-ß-glucoside, and catechol, were isolated and identified from A. tsaoko, among which quercetin, quercetin-7-O-ß-glucoside and quercetin-3-O-ß-glucoside were first found in A. tsaoko. Their bioactivities were evaluated by the inhibitory effect on NO production in LPS-stimulated macrophage RAW 264.7 cells, the protective effect on H2O2-induced apoptosis of PC-12 cells and the DPPH radical scavenging assay. Epicatechin exhibited excellent anti-inflammatory properties; its inhibition rate was up to 63.65% at a concentration of 100 µg mL(-1). In addition, quercetin showed the strongest neuroprotective effect of PC-12 cells induced by H2O2, and the cell viability was up to 78.9% at a concentration of 50 µg mL(-1). Quercetin also exhibited excellent DPPH radical-scavenging activity at a concentration of 100 µg mL(-1) (DPPH radical inhibition rate > 80%), which was very close to Vc at the same concentration. It is concluded that, in A. tsaoko, different ingredients have their own health functions.


Assuntos
Amomum/química , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Frutas/química , Especiarias/análise , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Catequina/análise , Catequina/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucosídeos/análise , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Células PC12 , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Quercetina/análise , Quercetina/farmacologia , Ratos
15.
Food Funct ; 5(7): 1369-73, 2014 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24818222

RESUMO

Curcuma phaeocaulis Val. has been used as a health food in China for a long time. This research aimed to isolate and identify its active compounds with protective effects against hydrogen peroxide-induced PC12 cell death. 70% ethanol extracts of C. phaeocaulis were re-extracted and three fractions of water, petroleum ether and ethyl acetate were obtained. Three diphenylheptane compounds from the ethyl acetate fraction were identified for the first time from C. phaeocaulis, and compound III was considered to be a new structure. All of the three compounds displayed certain protective effects against toxicity in PC12 cells. For all concentrations, compound III displayed a more significant protective effect than ethanol extracts, the ethyl acetate fraction, and the other two compounds. At a concentration of 50 µg mL(-1), the survival rate of damaged PC-12 cells treated with compound III reached 84.7%. Diphenylheptanes were concluded to be the main compounds responsible for the health effects of C. phaeocaulis.


Assuntos
Curcuma/química , Heptanos/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Células PC12 , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos
16.
Food Funct ; 5(2): 337-44, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24352758

RESUMO

Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fr.) is widely consumed as a nutritious food due to its multiple health effects, especially immune function. This study was aimed at investigating its immune activity using the mice peritoneal macrophage model. Two polysaccharides, water and alkaline extraction of polysaccharides (W-PTR and A-PTR), from P. tuber-regium were used to test their immune functions and compare their possible activity differences. Results showed that both W-PTR and A-PTR showed a significant enhancement effect on the macrophage phagocytosis, and could activate the related enzymes, such as ATPases, lysozyme, and LDH, which are responsible for providing the maturation and proliferation process of macrophages with sufficient energy. In addition, levels of intracellular cytokines (IL-1, TNF-α, NO) were significantly increased after being treated with polysaccharides. A-PTR displayed a better performance than W-PTR in almost all tests. It is concluded that both polysaccharides could enhance the immune system by activating the macrophages and related enzymes, and induce the release of cytokines, indicating that polysaccharides are responsible for the immune function of Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fr.).


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Macrófagos Peritoneais/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos Peritoneais/imunologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pleurotus/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Verduras/química , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Fatores Imunológicos/isolamento & purificação , Interleucina-1/imunologia , Camundongos , Fagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
17.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 15(10): 1088-93, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23844721

RESUMO

One new flavonoid glycoside (1) and one new triterpenoid cinnamate (2) were isolated from Nervilia fordii. The structures of 1 and 2 were determined by extensive NMR and HRESIMS to be 7-O-ß-d-glucopyranosylapigenin-8-C-ß-d-glucopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-d-glucopyranoside and 24(S/ß)-dihydrocycloeucalenol-3-(Z)-p-hydroxycinnamate, respectively.


Assuntos
Cinamatos/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Orchidaceae/química , Plantas Medicinais/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Cinamatos/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Flavonoides/química , Glicosídeos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Folhas de Planta/química , Estereoisomerismo , Triterpenos/química
18.
Int J Food Sci Nutr ; 64(1): 28-35, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22716965

RESUMO

Fourteen Zingiberaceae species, widely used in China for both food and medicine, were selected to evaluate and compare their antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities. Results indicated that seven species displayed high antioxidant activity, while eight species exhibited different degrees of antimicrobial activities (minimum inhibitory concentrations were 2.00-40.00 µg/ml), and six species exhibited cytotoxicity on the SMMC-7721 cells. Alpinia officinarum and Alpinia oxyphylla showed a broader antimicrobial spectrum, while Curcuma phaeocaulis and Zingiber officinale displayed specific inhibition on Escherichia coli. Amomum villosum showed strong radical scavenging capacity. Amomum kravanh and Curcuma longa exhibited significant cytotoxicity. Overall, the antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of the 14 species showed obvious diversities. It is hoped that, from the results, the biological activity of ginger plants can be used more rationally and effectively in future.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Dieta , Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia , Plantas Comestíveis , Zingiberaceae , Alpinia , Amomum , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Curcuma , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Gengibre , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
19.
Pharm Biol ; 50(2): 225-31, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22235889

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The rhizome of Wikstroemia indica (L.) C. A. Mey (Thymelaeaceae) is widespread in China which has been widely used in China as folk medicine for the treatment of syphilis, arthritis, whooping cough, and cancer. Due to its multiactivities, its extract has an attractive potential as a promising natural agent in the pharmaceutical industries. OBJECTIVE: Aims of this study were to optimize the extraction process of the flavonoids from W. indica, and evaluate its multiple activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An orthogonal test design was employed to optimize the extraction procedure of flavonoids from W. indica. And multichromatography and spectroscopy were used to study the chemical compounds of W. indica, while several bioactivity assays were used to evaluate the antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antitumor activities of W. indica. RESULTS: Optimal extraction conditions were determined: ethanol concentration was 60%; extraction time was 60 min; liquid-solid ratio was 16:1 and the power of ultrasonic instrument was 160 W. Four compounds: daphnoretin, chrysophanol, myricitrime and rutin were purified from W. indica, and chrysophanol was identified from this plant for the first time. The extract of W. indica displayed significant antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities. Daphnoretin showed a significant inhibition effect on CNE cells and HeLa cells lines at the concentrations ranging from 15.6 to 125 µg/mL, the tendency of antitumor effect was displayed in a concentration-dependent manner. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Extracts of W. indica could potentially be used as a promising natural agent in the pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Wikstroemia/química , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Flavonoides/administração & dosagem , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Células HeLa , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Extratos Vegetais/química
20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 14(12): 2721-8, 2010 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20874721

RESUMO

Syndrome of Chinese medicine is an understanding of the regularity of disease occurrence and development and its performance of symptoms. Syndrome is the key to recognize diseases and the foundation to treat them. However, because of the complexity of the concept and the limitation of present investigations, the research of syndrome is hard to go further. Proteomics has been received extensive attention in the area of medical diagnosis and drug development. In the holistic and systemic context, proteomics have a convergence with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome, which could overcome the one-sidedness and singleness of TCM and avoid the complication and tedious processes. Chinese medicine has a wealth of experience and proteomics has a substantial research potential, the integration of the two aspects will bring a great enhancement of our knowledge of disease.


Assuntos
Doença , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Proteômica , China , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Língua
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