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1.
Opt Express ; 24(10): A810-22, 2016 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27409954

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: We report the characterization and analyses of organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) using microstructured composite transparent electrodes consisting of the high-index ITO (indium tin oxide) micromesh and the low-index conducting polymer PEDOT: PSS [poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate)], that are fabricated by the facile and convenient microsphere lithography and are useful for enhancing light extraction. The rigorous electromagnetic simulation based on the three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method was conducted to study optical properties and mechanisms in such devices. It provides a different but consistent viewpoint/insight of how this microstructured electrode enhances optical out-coupling of OLEDs, compared to that provided by ray optics simulation in previous works. Both experimental and simulation studies indicate such a microstructured electrode effectively enhances coupling of internal radiation into the substrate, compared to devices with the typical planar ITO electrode. By combining this internal extraction structure and the external extraction scheme (e.g. by attaching extraction lens) to further extract radiation into the substrate, a rather high external quantum efficiency of 46.8% was achieved with green phosphorescent OLEDs, clearly manifesting its high potential.

2.
J Surg Res ; 203(2): 258-67, 2016 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27363630

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of macroscopic pathologic features of primary tumor that could be obtained preoperatively on pT classification has not been reported so far. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of incorporation of Borrmann type IV gastric cancer into the pT classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinicopathologic and prognostic data of 1622 patients with advanced gastric cancer who underwent radical surgery were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: Of 1622 patients, 135 (8.32%) patients were classified as having Borrmann type IV gastric cancer. We first confirmed that Borrmann type IV gastric cancer was one of the independent prognostic factors for patients with advanced gastric cancer who underwent radical surgery. Interestingly, we found that overall survival of patients with Borrmann type IV gastric cancer could be clearly distinguished by pN classification and pathological TNM stage but not by pT classification. Importantly, further analysis demonstrated that the prognosis of Borrmann type IV gastric cancers was homogeneous with that of pT4b cancers but poorer than pT2, pT3, pT4a cancers. Therefore, we proposed a novel pT classification in which pT4b disease was defined as cancers that were Borrmann type IV or those that had invaded adjacent structures. Two-step multivariate analysis demonstrated that the novel pT classification was more suitable for prognostic assessment than the original classification. CONCLUSIONS: Classifying Borrmann type IV gastric cancer as pT4b disease improves pT classification prediction of prognosis in patients with advanced gastric cancer after radical surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
3.
Adv Mater ; 27(33): 4883-8, 2015 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26173732

RESUMO

A nanostructured composite electrode consisting of a high-index indium-tin-oxide nanomesh and low-index high-conductivity conducting polymer effectively enhances coupling of internal radiation of organic light-emitting devices into their substrates. When combining this internal extraction structure and the external extraction scheme, a very high external quantum efficiency of nearly 62% is achieved with a green phosphorescent device.

4.
Adv Mater ; 27(5): 929-34, 2015 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25504674

RESUMO

By carefully tuning the thicknesses of low-optical index PEDOT:PSS and high-index ITO layers in organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs), very high optical coupling efficiencies can be obtained through the generation of appropriate microcavity effects. These experiments result in an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 33.7% for green phosphorescent OLEDs and even higher EQEs of 54.3% can be obtained by adopting an external out-coupling lens.

5.
Opt Express ; 22 Suppl 2: A438-45, 2014 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24922253

RESUMO

The aluminum and sliver multilayered nano-grating structure is fabricated by laser interference lithography and the intervals between nanoslits is filled with modified PEDOT:PSS. The grating structured transparent electrode functions as the anti-reflection layer which not only decreases the reflected light but also increases the absorption of the active layer. The performances of P3HT:PC61BM solar cells are studied experimentally and theoretically in detail. The field intensities of the transverse magnetic (TM) and transverse electrical (TE) waves distributed in the active layer are simulated by rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA). The power conversion efficiency of the plasmonic ITO-free polymer solar cell can reach 3.64% which is higher than ITO based polymer solar cell with efficiency of 3.45%.

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