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1.
Chem Biol Interact ; 348: 109569, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197824

RESUMO

As one of the most important members of Phthalate esters (PAEs), di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is widely used in plastics and known as a male reproductive toxicant. Many studies have shown that soybean isoflavones (SI) can rescue the testicular injury caused by DEHP, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. Because methylation is one of the most important mechanisms for maintaining normal biological functions, we studied whether methylation is involved in testicular injury induced by DEHP and whether SI could counter testicular impairment in peripubertal male Sprague Dawley rats. Compared with the control group, we found that the mRNA levels of testicular Sod2, Gpx1, and Igf-1 significantly decreased in the 900 mg/kg DEHP group (DEHP' group) (P < 0.01); however, in the DEHP + SI group, the mRNA levels of the genes obviously increased compared with the DEHP' group (P < 0.01). Simultaneously, the methylation level changes of testicular Sod2, Gpx1, and Igf-1 were similar to the mRNA levels (P < 0.01). Therefore, DEHP may affect testis and leydig cells via inducing methylation of Sod2, Gpx1, and Igf-1, and SI may rescue the impairments at the methylation level. In summary, SI is supposed to be used in DEHP-induced testicular injury treatment.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Dietilexilftalato/toxicidade , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Soja/química , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/lesões , Animais , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/citologia , Testículo/metabolismo
2.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199966

RESUMO

Nanfeng mandarins (Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Kinokuni), Xunwu mandarins (Citrus reticulata Blanco), Yangshuo kumquats (Citrus japonica Thunb) and physiologically dropped navel oranges (Citrus sinensis Osbeck cv. Newhall) were used as materials to extract peel essential oils (EOs) via hydrodistillation. The chemical composition, and antibacterial and antioxidant activities of the EOs were investigated. GC-MS analysis showed that monoterpene hydrocarbons were the major components and limonene was the predominate compound for all citrus EOs. The antibacterial testing of EOs against five different bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella typhimurium) was carried out using the filter paper method and the broth microdilution method. Kumquat EO had the best inhibitory effect on B. subtilis, E. coli and S. typhimurium with MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) values of 1.56, 1.56 and 6.25 µL/mL, respectively. All citrus EOs showed the antioxidant activity of scavenging DPPH and ABTS free radicals in a dose-dependent manner. Nanfeng mandarin EO presented the best antioxidant activity, with IC50 values of 15.20 mg/mL for the DPPH assay and 0.80 mg/mL for the ABTS assay. The results also showed that the antibacterial activities of EOs might not be related to their antioxidant activities.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Citrus/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bacillus subtilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Citrus/classificação , Destilação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Óleos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Salmonella typhimurium/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 168: 112368, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33901908

RESUMO

The occurrence, distributions, and ecological risks of 11 organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) were investigated in the seawater and sediment samples from the Qinzhou Bay. The Σ11OPFRs in the surface seawater and sediments ranged from 150 to 885 ng/L and from

Assuntos
Retardadores de Chama , Baías , Retardadores de Chama/análise , Organofosfatos/análise , Compostos Organofosforados/análise , Medição de Risco , Água do Mar
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e23816, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530178

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The evidence for associations between family history of prostate cancer and the risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer is inconclusive. The first systematic review and meta-analysis of studies was conducted to assess the risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer associated with a family history of prostate cancer.A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, Embase and Web of science databases up to January 31, 2019. Data were screened and extracted independently by 2 reviewers. The pooled risk ratio (RR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using random-effects models. The GRADE approach was used to assess the quality of evidence.Nine observational studies including 8,011,625 individuals were included in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that family history of prostate cancer in first-degree relatives was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer (RR 1.12, 95%CI 1.09 to 1.14) with moderate quality evidence, subgroup analysis showed consistent results. Compared with no family history of prostate cancer, history of prostate cancer in first-degree relatives was associated with a slight risk of ovarian cancer (1.10, 95%CI 1.01 to 1.20) with moderate quality evidence. Family history of prostate cancer among sibling was associated with a 17% increased risk of ovarian cancer (95% CI 1.03 to 1.34), however, no significant association was found between family history of prostate cancer among parent and risk of ovarian cancer (RR 1.19, 95% CI 0.84 to 1.70).This review demonstrates that women with a family history of prostate cancer in first-degree relatives was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer. These findings may aid in screening, earlier detection and treatment of women with a family history of prostate cancer in first-degree relatives.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Anamnese , Fatores de Risco
5.
Cell Rep ; 33(1): 108228, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027649

RESUMO

The Mediator complex relays regulatory signals from gene-specific transcription factors to the basal transcriptional machinery. However, the role of individual Mediator subunits in different tissues remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that MED19 is essential for adipogenesis and maintenance of white adipose tissue (WAT) by mediating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) transcriptional activity. MED19 knockdown blocks white adipogenesis, but not brown adipogenesis or C2C12 myoblast differentiation. Adipose-specific MED19 knockout (KO) in mice results in a striking loss of WAT, whitening of brown fat, hepatic steatosis, and insulin resistance. Inducible adipose-specific MED19 KO in adult animals also results in lipodystrophy, demonstrating its requirement for WAT maintenance. Global gene expression analysis reveals induction of genes involved in apoptosis and inflammation and impaired expression of adipose-specific genes, resulting from decreased PPARγ residency on adipocyte gene promoters and reduced association of PPARγ with RNA polymerase II. These results identify MED19 as a crucial facilitator of PPARγ-mediated gene expression in adipose tissue.

6.
Carbohydr Res ; 496: 108079, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745715

RESUMO

Sugar-based imidazolium salts (IMSs) represent an outstanding type of material making them eye-catching for a wide variety of applications. Herein, a series of glucoside-based IMSs (Glu-IMSs) combining glucoside and imidazolium head groups with different substituents were synthesized. The catalytic activities of these Glu-IMSs were evaluated by Pd-catalyzed Heck-Mizoroki and Suzuki-Miyaura reactions in water. Among them, the Glu-IMSs contain both -OH and NHCs coordination sites was found to be the most efficient ancillary ligand in comparison with other Glu-IMSs with just single NHCs coordination site. The HR-TEM analysis showed that the palladium nanoparticles stabilized by the Glu-IMSs with an average size of ~4.0 nm was formed in the reaction system, which may be act as an efficient real catalytic species. Under the optimized reaction conditions, a series of novel fluorine-cored organic small molecule functional materials were synthesized with favorable yields.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos/química , Imidazóis/química , Imidazóis/síntese química , Paládio/química , Sais/química , Água/química , Catálise , Técnicas de Química Sintética
7.
Reprod Biol ; 20(4): 465-473, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792216

RESUMO

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate is representative of Phthalate esters (PAEs), which is one of the most widely used plasticizer and known to act as a reproductive toxicant. However, little is known about the toxicity and pathological process of DEHP exposure in male reproductive system in terms of different concentrations and time points. In this study, peripubertal male Sprague Dawley rats were continually exposed to different DEHP doses (100 mg/kg, 500 mg/kg, and 900 mg/kg) and periods (7 days, 14 days, 21 days, 28 days, and 35 days) during critical periods for sexual maturity. The reproductive parameters have been investigated, including testicular morphology, serum testosterone level, and testicular P450scc, 3ß-HSD, and PCYP17 levels. We observed disarrangement of testicular spermatogenic epithelium coupled with decrease of serum testosterone, testicular P450scc, 3ß-HSD, and PCYP17 levels, and these changes were more obvious with increase of both the exposure time and dosage. Then trend of the time-dose response to DEHP exposure and the pathological process in germ cells were estimated. The results of this study suggested that DEHP exposure could affect the male reproductive system and the degree of adverse effect depended on the dose and extent of exposure.

8.
Autophagy ; 16(9): 1727-1728, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687428

RESUMO

Hepatic lipid homeostasis is controlled by a coordinated regulation of various metabolic pathways involved in de novo synthesis, uptake, storage, and catabolism of lipids. Disruption of this balance could lead to hepatic steatosis. Peroxisomes play an essential role in lipid metabolism, yet their importance is often overlooked. In a recent study, we demonstrated a role for hepatic peroxisomal ß-oxidation in autophagic degradation of lipid droplets. ACOX1 (acyl-Coenzyme A oxidase 1, palmitoyl), the rate-limiting enzyme of peroxisomal ß-oxidation, increases with fasting or high-fat diet (HFD). Liver-specific acox1 knockout (acox1-LKO) protects mice from hepatic steatosis induced by starvation or HFD via induction of lipophagy. Mechanistically, we showed that hepatic ACOX1 deficiency decreases the total cytosolic acetyl-CoA levels, which leads to reduced acetylation of RPTOR/RAPTOR, a component of MTORC1, which is a key regulator of macroautophagy/autophagy. These results identify peroxisome-derived acetyl-CoA as a critical metabolic regulator of autophagy that controls hepatic lipid homeostasis.

9.
J Nutr ; 150(9): 2322-2335, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32720689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fish cannot use carbohydrate efficiently and instead utilize protein for energy supply, thus limiting dietary protein storage. Protein deposition is dependent on protein turnover balance, which correlates tightly with cellular energy homeostasis. Mitochondrial fatty acid ß-oxidation (FAO) plays a crucial role in energy metabolism. However, the effect of remodeled energy homeostasis caused by inhibited mitochondrial FAO on protein deposition in fish has not been intensively studied. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the regulatory role of mitochondrial FAO in energy homeostasis maintenance and protein deposition by studying lipid, glucose, and protein metabolism in fish. METHODS: Carnitine-depleted male Nile tilapia (initial weight: 4.29 ± 0.12 g; 3 mo old) were established by feeding them with mildronate diets (1000 mg/kg/d) for 6 wk. Zebrafish deficient in the carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1b gene (cpt1b) were produced by using CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing technology, and their males (154 ± 3.52 mg; 3 mo old) were used for experiments. Normal Nile tilapia and wildtype zebrafish were used as controls. We assessed nutrient metabolism and energy homeostasis-related biochemical and molecular parameters, and performed 14C-labeled nutrient tracking and transcriptomic analyses. RESULTS: The mitochondrial FAO decreased by 33.1-88.9% (liver) and 55.6-68.8% (muscle) in carnitine-depleted Nile tilapia and cpt1b-deficient zebrafish compared with their controls (P < 0.05). Notably, glucose oxidation and muscle protein deposition increased by 20.5-24.4% and 6.40-8.54%, respectively, in the 2 fish models compared with their corresponding controls (P < 0.05). Accordingly, the adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase/protein kinase B-mechanistic target of rapamycin (AMPK/AKT-mTOR) signaling was significantly activated in the 2 fish models with inhibited mitochondrial FAO (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These data show that inhibited mitochondrial FAO in fish induces energy homeostasis remodeling and enhances glucose utilization and protein deposition. Therefore, fish with inhibited mitochondrial FAO could have high potential to utilize carbohydrate. Our results demonstrate a potentially new approach for increasing protein deposition through energy homeostasis regulation in cultured animals.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Metilidrazinas/farmacologia , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Animais , Carnitina O-Palmitoiltransferase/genética , Carnitina O-Palmitoiltransferase/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Ciclídeos , Citocromos b/genética , Citocromos b/metabolismo , DNA , Metabolismo Energético , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/fisiologia , Homeostase , Insulina , Masculino , Mutação , Oxirredução , Peixe-Zebra
10.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 156: 111205, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510363

RESUMO

Field investigations and incubation experiment were carried out in the Dafengjiang River (DFJR) and Sanniang Bay (SNB) surface water from September 2017 to July 2018 to study the composition and spatio-temporal distributions of different nitrogen (N) species, lability of dissolved organic N (DON), and contributions of different N species from the DFJR to the dissolved inorganic N (DIN) level in the SNB. The spatio-temporal distributions of different N species exhibited significant seasonal variation (p < 0.05). The average contribution of DIN, DON, and particulate nitrogen (PN) to TN was 31.91%, 46.57%, and 21.52%, respectively. Comparatively being the dominant form of N in the study area, the average lability of DON across the incubation sites D1, D5 and D7 ranged from 72%-79%. DIN, DON, and PN from the DFJR respectively contributed to 55.95%, 7.03%, and 5.63% of water quality in the SNB.


Assuntos
Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Baías , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Nitrogênio/análise
11.
Mol Cell ; 79(1): 30-42.e4, 2020 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473093

RESUMO

Autophagy is activated by prolonged fasting but cannot overcome the ensuing hepatic lipid overload, resulting in fatty liver. Here, we describe a peroxisome-lysosome metabolic link that restricts autophagic degradation of lipids. Acyl-CoA oxidase 1 (Acox1), the enzyme that catalyzes the first step in peroxisomal ß-oxidation, is enriched in liver and further increases with fasting or high-fat diet (HFD). Liver-specific Acox1 knockout (Acox1-LKO) protected mice against hepatic steatosis caused by starvation or HFD due to induction of autophagic degradation of lipid droplets. Hepatic Acox1 deficiency markedly lowered total cytosolic acetyl-CoA levels, which led to decreased Raptor acetylation and reduced lysosomal localization of mTOR, resulting in impaired activation of mTORC1, a central regulator of autophagy. Dichloroacetic acid treatment elevated acetyl-CoA levels, restored mTORC1 activation, inhibited autophagy, and increased hepatic triglycerides in Acox1-LKO mice. These results identify peroxisome-derived acetyl-CoA as a key metabolic regulator of autophagy that controls hepatic lipid homeostasis.


Assuntos
Acetilcoenzima A/metabolismo , Acil-CoA Oxidase/fisiologia , Autofagia , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Peroxissomos/química , Acetilação , Animais , Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/fisiologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Jejum , Fígado Gorduroso/etiologia , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Feminino , Masculino , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Peroxissomos/metabolismo , Proteína Regulatória Associada a mTOR/genética , Proteína Regulatória Associada a mTOR/metabolismo
12.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 155: 111176, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469784

RESUMO

Bulk sedimentary phosphorus (P) is studied to evaluate its source, distribution, preservation and enrichment in relation with organic carbon (OC), sediment textures and moisture contents in the northern Beibu Gulf. Approximately 80% of surface sediments in the investigated sites were composed of coarse sandy texture (>63 µm). Total P (TP), inorganic P (IP) and organic P (OP) contents were lower to medium range compared to the levels reported for other marginal seas. Sedimentary OC and P were derived from mixed sources, with high terrestrial influence in the coastal areas (molar OC/OP ratios >250:1). The distribution of P corroborated with the variation tendency of fine-grained sediments, moisture contents and OC. Both IP and OP may significantly influence the trophic state of seawater if released from surface sediments. Influenced by hydrodynamics, frequent resuspension and high abundance of sand, TP is less preserved, and shows low to moderate enrichment in surface sediments.


Assuntos
Fósforo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Carbono , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Hidrodinâmica , Oceanos e Mares
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 730: 139056, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388378

RESUMO

China is the largest mariculture producer in the world, but detailed information on the spatiotemporal variations of biogenic elements and sources of sedimentary organic matter (SOM) via mariculture is limited. The primary objective of this study was to assess the influence of mariculture on the origin of SOM in relation with biogenic elements and geochemical paramaters due to the importance of SOM as a potential source of nutrients and energy in coastal marine environments. Surface sediments from the Maowei Sea were collected in August (summer) and December (winter), 2016 for grain size, total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), organic phosphorus (OP), biogenic silica (BSi), δ13C and δ15N analyses. Significant correlation (p < 0.01) was observed between TOC and TN in summer and winter respectively, indicating that they have common source in both seasons. The spatiotemporal distributions of TOC, TN, OP and BSi were influenced by the sources and distribution of SOM, grain sizes and hydrodynamic conditions in the Maowei Sea. The overall ranges of δ13C (-26.86‰ to -23.01‰) and δ15N (2.54‰ to 9.82‰) and C/N ratio (5.83 to 18.67) showed that SOM is derived from mixed sources. The δ13C and δ15N-based three-end-member mixing model results revealed that >40% of the deposited SOM originates from terrestrial source during two seasons. The SOM from shellfish mariculture was seasonal, mainly deposited in the intensive mariculture areas, and its proportions were only higher than contributions from marine plankton in summer. Generally, this study indicates that shellfish biodepositions can significantly influence the cycle of carbon and other biogenic elements in the intensive mariculture areas. Nevertheless, the overall dominance of terrestrial and marine SOM suggests that the sources of SOM and factors influencing carbon cycling in the Maowei Sea do not exclusively depend on the intensity of mariculture activities.


Assuntos
Baías , Ostreidae , Animais , Isótopos de Carbono , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos
14.
BMC Urol ; 20(1): 34, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persistent or recurrent haemospermia often occurs in individuals with ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transurethral resection of the ejaculatory duct (TURED) combined with seminal vesiculoscopy in treating persistent or recurrent haemospermia in men with EDO. METHODS: From June 2014 to March 2018, 103 consecutive patients with EDO who underwent TURED combined with seminal vesiculoscopy for persistent or recurrent haemospermia at the Department of Urology of West China Hospital were enrolled into this retrospective study. The patients were evaluated mainly by detailed history-taking and performing semen analysis, transrectal ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: Among the 103 patients, 79 (76.70%) had cysts of the lower male genitourinary tract; 63 (61.17%) had blood clots; and 32 (31.07%) had calculi in the seminal vesicle and/or prostatic utricle. The duration of postoperative follow-up was 12 months, and the symptoms of haemospermia disappeared in 96 (93.20%) patients. There was no significant difference in the semen PH and sperm count before and after surgery; however, the ejaculate volume and sperm motility significantly improved postoperatively. Except for two cases of acute urinary retention and one case of watery ejaculate after surgery, no severe postoperative complications, including epididymitis, urethral stricture, urinary incontinence, retrograde ejaculation, or rectal injury, were observed. CONCLUSION: TURED combined with seminal vesiculoscopy is a suitable method for the diagnosis and treatment of persistent or recurrent haemospermia in men with EDO.


Assuntos
Ductos Ejaculatórios/cirurgia , Doenças dos Genitais Masculinos/cirurgia , Hemospermia/cirurgia , Glândulas Seminais/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Endoscopia , Hemospermia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Uretra , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos
15.
Chemosphere ; 249: 126154, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062215

RESUMO

In this study, Nitzschia closterium was incubated in seawater at different pH values (8.10, 7.71, and 7.45) and using different nitrogen forms (NO3-N and NH4-N) in the laboratory. The results showed that the growth of N. closterium was inhibited by ocean acidification, with individuals under lower pH levels showing lower growth rates and lower nitrogen uptake rates for both nitrogen forms. The Vmax/Ks ratio decreased with decreasing pH, indicating the inhibition of nitrogen uptake, whereas the ratios for NH4-N cultures were higher than those for NO3-N cultures, implying the highly competitive position of NH4-N. Acidification might induce reactive oxygen species based on the result that the maximum enzyme activities of SuperOxide Dismutase (SOD) and CATalase (CAT) increased under lower pH levels. The SOD and CAT activities for the NO3-N cultures were higher than those for NH4-N cultures at the low pH level, indicating that acidification might cause more oxidative stress for NO3-N cultures than for NH4-N cultures. Thus, ocean acidification might have a more detrimental effect on the growth of N. closterium under NO3-N conditions than NH4-N conditions, with a lower ratio (γ) of the maximum growth rate to the maximum nutrient uptake rate, and a drop in nitrate reductase activity under lower pH levels.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Closterium , Diatomáceas/enzimologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Nitratos , Água do Mar
16.
Andrologia ; 52(2): e13475, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820482

RESUMO

The association of genetic variants and congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) has been well acknowledged. By contrast, the link between nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) or oligospermia and alterations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductive regulator (CFTR) remains inconclusive. To clarify the problem, a meta-analysis was performed out after systematically searching Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase and the Chinese national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI) database. As we know, the ∆F508 and IVS8-5T gene mutations are the most studied genetic variants in CFTR gene. We reviewed the data from male patients who underwent the aforementioned genetic test. Our study revealed that the IVS8-5T mutation may be positively associated with the risk of nonobstructive male infertility (odds ratio (OR) 1.69; 95% CI: 1.12-2.55). This association strengthened when concerning NOA (OR: 2.62; 95% CI: 1.49-4.61). However, the ∆F508 mutation seemed to be a smaller contributing factor to this risk (OR: 1.63; 95% CI: 0.86-3.08). Our study aims to clarify the association between the ∆F508 and IVS8-5T gene mutations and nonobstructive male infertility. Therefore, screening for the IVS8-5T mutation in the CFTR gene may be recommended for men with NOA or severe oligozoospermia seeking assisted reproductive technology (ART).


Assuntos
Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação
17.
Sci Total Environ ; 708: 135176, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791789

RESUMO

As a series of pollutants, microplastics have recently attracted widespread attention worldwide. In this study, different surface water and sediment samples were collected at 12 sampling sites along the urban section of Qin River in Guangxi Province, China. Water samples were collected using plankton nets with two different pore sizes (75 µm and 300 µm) and Teflon pump system with 25 µm mesh screen. The results showed that there was no significant difference in the abundance, particle size, and type of microplastics (F = 0.302, P = 0.588) between the two plankton nets, but the microplastic abundance in the samples collected by the Teflon pump was significantly higher (F = 9.12, P = 0.001), especially for microplastic fibers (F = 9.525, P = 0.001). Compared with the plankton net sampling method, the Teflon pump sampling had a smaller sample volume, resulting in a higher estimate of microplastic abundance in the water column. The microplastic abundance in the sediments was 0-97 items·kg-1 dry weight. PE and PP were the main types of microplastics in Qin River, accounting for 67.2% and 72.3% in the water column and sediments, respectively. The microplastics in the water column and sediments were dominated by large-sized particles in the range of 1-5 mm. The sources of microplastic pollution in Qin River may be affected by many factors, including population density, industrial structure, and aquaculture activities. However, aquaculture activities were generally the main source of microplastic pollution in Qin River estuary. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) could effectively decrease the microplastic abundance in urban sewage, reducing the impact of urban sewage discharge on microplastic accumulation in Qin River.

18.
Ren Fail ; 41(1): 987-994, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662023

RESUMO

To evaluate the relationship between the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) rs2066853 gene polymorphism and the risk of male infertility. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched for relevant case-control studies up to 31 July 2019. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were used to assess the strength of associations. Finally, seven case-control studies involving 1247 cases and 1762 controls were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled results showed that there was no significant association between AHR rs2066853 gene polymorphism and male infertility risk (A vs. G: OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.83-1.39; AA vs. GG: OR = 1.16, 95% CI = 0.65-2.04; AA vs. GA + GG: OR = 1.17, 95% CI = 0.66-2.07; AA + GA vs. GG: OR = 0.99, 95% CI = 0.85-1.15). Subgroup analysis by ethnicity showed the same result. However, significant association was found between AHR rs2066853 gene polymorphism and male infertility risk in oligoasthenotspermia (A vs. G: OR = 2.52, 95% CI = 1.72-3.70). In conclusion, our meta-analysis indicated that AHR rs2066853 gene polymorphism might be associated with an increased susceptibility to oligoasthenotspermia.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Oligospermia/genética , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/genética , Alelos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Domínios Proteicos/genética
19.
Front Physiol ; 10: 1077, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496957

RESUMO

Lipophagy degrades lipid droplets (LDs) through the lysosomal degradative pathway, thus plays important roles in regulating lipid metabolism in mammals. However, information on the existence and functions of lipophagy in fish lipid metabolism is still limited. In the present study, we confirmed the existence of lipophagy by observing the structures of LDs sequestered in autophagic vacuoles in the zebrafish liver cell line (ZFL) via electronic microscopy. Moreover, starved cells increased the mRNA expression of the microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B light chain 3 beta (LC3), which is a marker protein for autophagy and protein conversion from LC3-I to LC3-II. Inhibiting autophagy with chloroquine increased significantly the LDs content and decreased fatty acid ß-oxidation and esterification activities in the ZFL cells cultured in the fed state. Furthermore, inhibiting autophagy function downregulated the mRNA expression of the genes and their proteins related to lipid metabolism. Altogether, the present study verified the existence of lipophagy and its essential regulatory roles in lipid metabolism in fish cells.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16543, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Number of studies have been performed to investigate the relationship between the CYP1A1 rs4646903 polymorphism and male infertility risk, but the sample size was small and the results were conflicting. A meta-analysis was performed to assess these associations. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify all relevant studies from Medline, Web of science, Embase, China biology medical literature database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanFang and Weipu (VIP) databases up to June 30, 2018. The odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of associations. All of the statistical analyses were conducted using Revman 5.3 and Stata 14.0. RESULTS: Ten studies involved 3028 cases and 3258 controls. Overall, significant association was observed between the CYP1A1 rs4646903 polymorphism and male infertility (C vs T: OR = 1.42, 95%CI = 1.14-1.76; CC vs TT: OR = 2.13, 95%CI = 1.36-3.34; CC vs CT+TT: OR = 1.96, 95%CI = 1.30-2.95; CC+CT vs TT: OR = 1.51, 95%CI = 1.16-1.97). In subgroup analysis by ethnic group, a statistically significant association was observed in Asians (C vs T: OR = 1.59, 95%CI = 1.22-2.08), but not in Non-Asians (C vs T: OR = 1.01, 95%CI = 0.79-1.30). Additionally, none of the individual studies significantly affected the association between CYP1A1 rs4646903 polymorphism and male infertility, according to sensitivity analysis. CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis supports that the CYP1A1 rs4646903 polymorphism might contribute to individual susceptibility to male infertility in Asians.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances
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