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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 855: 158629, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087675

RESUMO

Sewage treatment provides a pathway for anthropogenic water purification that can address the growth in domestic sewage volumes due to urbanization and protect the aquatic environment. However, the process can also generate greenhouse gases (GHGs), which are sometimes termed "unrestricted" GHG emissions and are neglected by low carbon policies. A combination of a life cycle analysis (LCA), data envelopment analysis (DEA), and questionnaire survey was used to evaluate sewage treatment related GHG emissions and assess the GHG emission reduction efficiencies during 2005-2020, as well as determine the opinions of environmental managers regarding the threats to climate change mitigation posed by sewage treatment in the low carbon pilot city of Shenzhen, China. There were four main results. (1) GHG emissions from sewage treatment plants (STPs) in Shenzhen increased gradually from 0.22 Mt. CO2-eq in 2005 to 1.16 Mt. CO2-eq in 2020 with an emission intensity ranging from 0.41 to 0.58 kg CO2-eq/m3, mainly due to the indirect emissions from sludge disposal (35-57 %). Longgang administrative district was the hotspot of these GHG emissions during the study period. (2) Reductions in GHG emissions were achieved in most years since 2012 with the greatest efficiency observed in 2020. (3) Beyond the environmental managers' perceptions of the challenges in GHG mitigation, future sewage treatment may create the potential for more substantial GHG emission growth compared to the emissions from energy combustion, due to policy deficiencies, growth in sewage volumes, and the enforcement of stricter effluent quality control. (4) Several opportunities to overcome these barriers were considered including innovational environmental management, planting of constructed wetlands, and the promotion of water-saving behavior. This case study of Shenzhen has valuable implications for the synergistic governance of water pollution and climate change mitigation in megacities in China and elsewhere, enabling a move towards a future carbon-neutral society.


Assuntos
Gases de Efeito Estufa , Esgotos , Efeito Estufa , Mudança Climática , Carbono , Urbanização , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Cidades , China
2.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(10): 2822-2828, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384619

RESUMO

To understand the synergetic features of economy, society, and ecology in cities, we established an urban ecological-economic-social synergetic index evaluation system from three aspects (per capita green area, per capita GDP, and life expectancy per capita) and created an urban ecological-economic-social synergetic index eva-luation method. We analyzed the synergetic features by comparing the ecological-economic-social synergetic index and comprehensive function scores of 35 typical cities in China. The differences in ecological-economic-social synergy and function score for different city sizes and administrative divisions were investigated, while the synergy level of cities were classified. The results showed that the average ecological-economic-social synergetic index of 35 cities in China was 28.79, with the highest of 3.83 and the lowest of 63.04 in 2016. The synergetic index, urban econo-mic function, and social function were significantly positively correlated with urban population sizes and economic sizes. There were significant differences in synergetic index among cities with different population sizes, economic sizes, and administrative functions. The urbanization in China was still in the status of functional imbalance. Urban development was conducive to improve cities' function, but did not effectively improve the synergy of ecology, economy, and society. The ecological function of cities significantly affected urban synergy, which indicated that the poor urban ecological function was the main restrictive factor for urban synergy in China.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Urbanização , China , Cidades , Ecossistema
3.
Pathogens ; 11(11)2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36422585

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a common opportunistic and zoonotic pathogen in the world and could easily cause human infections and food contaminations. This study investigated the sequence typing and resistance profiles of S. aureus isolates from patient and food samples in Shijiazhuang, China. A total of 101 S. aureus isolates were distributed into six clonal complexes (CCs) and 16 singletons. A total of 86 patient isolates were distributed into six clonal CCs and 12 singletons, including a new ST. CC59, CC5, CC22, and CC398 were the predominant CCs of patient isolates. A total of 15 foodborne S. aureus isolates were distributed into 3 CCs and 4 STs, and CC1 was the most prevalent CC. Moreover, 101 S. aureus isolates had high resistance to penicillin and low resistance to chloramphenicol and rifampicin. A total of 39 strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were detected in this study, including thirty-eight strains of patient isolates (44.2%, 38/86) and one strain of food isolates (6.7%, 1/15). MRSA-ST5, MRSA-ST59, and MRSA-ST239 were the predominant MRSA isolates in hospitals. The present study explained the relationship between S. aureus isolated from patient and food samples and indicated the risks of S. aureus in infectious diseases.

4.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(11): 992, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424383

RESUMO

Methyltransferase-like protein 3 (METTL3) plays critical roles in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) progression, however, the mechanism of abnormal overexpression of METTL3 in AML remain elusive. In the current study, we uncovered that Yin Yang 1 (YY1) binds to the promoter region of METTL3 as a transcription factor and promotes its expression, which in turn enhances the proliferation of AML cells. Mechanistically, YY1 binds to HDAC1/3 and regulates METTL3 expression in a moderate liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) manner. After mutation of the HDAC-binding site of YY1 or HDAC inhibitor (HDACi) treatment, YY1 was separated from HDAC1/3, which resulted in an excessive LLPS state, thereby inhibiting the expression of METTL3 and the proliferation of AML cells. In conclusion, our study clarified the regulatory mechanism of the abnormal expression of METTL3 in AML, revealed the precise "Yin-Yang" regulatory mechanism of YY1 from the perspective of LLPS degree, and provided new ideas for the precise diagnosis and treatment of AML.

5.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 44(5): 773-776, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36325773

RESUMO

Palliative care refers to the prevention and relief of physical and mental suffering through early recognition,active assessment,and management of pain and other painful symptoms to improve quality of life for both the patients with severe diseases and their families.A successful case of palliative care requires not only the establishment of correct concepts but also the team work and the improvement of the medical system.This paper introduced the end-of-life care experience for a patient with advanced lung cancer,showing the gains and deficiencies in the practice of palliative care.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Assistência Terminal , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Dor , Morte
6.
Biol Chem ; 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36215729

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary human liver malignancy with high mortality. Liver cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been demonstrated to contribute to the recurrence, metastasis and drug resistance of liver cancer. Human HCC cohort analysis indicated that the epigenetic regulator polycomb chromobox homologue 4 (CBX4) was overexpressed in human HCC. Moreover, we found that CBX4 expression was significantly higher in CD44+ CD133+ Hep3B CSCs. Functionally, we demonstrated that CBX4 regulated cell proliferation, self-renewal, and metastasis ability of Hep3B CSCs. Bioinformatics analysis predicted that CBX4 was a direct target of microRNA-6838-5p (miR-6838-5p), which was further confirmed by luciferase reporter assay. MiR-6838-6p was down-regulated in HCC tumors and overexpression of miR-6838-5p attenuated the malignant traits of human liver CSCs in vitro. In addition, we found that miR-6838-5p/CBX4 axis modulates the biological properties of human liver CSCs via regulating ERK signaling. Overexpression of miR-6838-5p suppressed Hep3B xenograft tumor growth in vivo, while CBX4 overexpression abrogated the suppression effect, restored the angiogenesis, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and ERK signaling in Hep3B tumor. In summary, our findings suggest that miR-6838-5p/CBX4 axis regulates liver tumor development and metastasis, which could be utilized as potential therapeutic target for HCC treatment.

7.
Leukemia ; 36(11): 2586-2595, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36266324

RESUMO

Chemoresistant leukemia relapse is one of the most common causes of death for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and the homing/engraftment in bone marrow (BM) are crucial steps for AML cells to acquire chemoresistance by interacting with stromal cell components. No crosstalk between m6A modification and homing/engraftment has been reported. Here, we performed comprehensive high-throughput analyses, including RNA sequencing of CR (complete remission) and relapsed AML patients, and reverse-phase protein arrays of chemoresistant cells to identify METTL3 as a key player regulating AML chemoresistance. Then, METTL3-mediated m6A modification was proved to induce the chemoresistance in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, AML homing/engraftment was discovered being enhanced by upregulated-METTL3 in chemoresistant cells. And the homing/engraftment and drug-resistance associated phenotypes of chemoresistant cells could be reversed by a METTL3 inhibitor. Mechanistically, METTL3 extended the half-life of ITGA4 mRNA by m6A methylation, and then, increased expression of ITGA4 protein to enhance homing/engraftment of AML cells. The results provide insights into the function of m6A modification on the interaction between AML cells and BM niches and clarify the relationship between METTL3 and AML homing/engraftment, suggesting a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of refractory/relapsed AML with METTL3 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Humanos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Integrina alfa4 , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Metilação , Metiltransferases/genética
8.
Growth Factors ; 40(5-6): 200-211, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36260520

RESUMO

This study explored the impacts of matrine on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell growth, metastasis, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and stemness through regulating the microRNA (miR)-299-3p/phosphoglycerate mutase 1 (PGAM1) axis. The association between miR-299-3p expression with the prognosis of HCC patients was studied. miR-299-3p and PGAM1 sequences were transfected into matrine-treated HCC cells, and cell proliferation, invasion, apoptosis, and stemness were detected, as well as protein expression of EMT- and stemness-related makers. The targeting relationship between miR-299-3p and PGAM1 was identified. Matrine elevated miR-299-3p expression, repressed proliferation, invasion, and anti-apoptosis of HCC cells, and constrained EMT and stemness in vitro. PGAM1 was a target of miR-299-3p. Repression of PGAM1 rescued the effects of miR-299-3p downregulation on HCC cells. Matrine stimulates HCC cell apoptosis and represses the process of EMT and stemness through the miR-299-3p/PGAM1 axis.

9.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 1021426, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36311671

RESUMO

Ticks were identified as arthropods that are pathogenic vectors. Dermacentor nuttalli is one of the dominant tick species in Inner Mongolia, and it carries and transmits a wide range of pathogenic microorganisms. However, at present, only the detection of D. nuttalli adult ticks and D. nuttalli different developmental stages carrying one specific pathogen, or the next-generation sequencing of D. nuttalli adult ticks were available. In this study, we investigated the microbial community structures of D. nuttalli in different growth stages under laboratory artificial feeding conditions. Total DNA was extracted from seven growth stages (female adult ticks, eggs, larval ticks, engorged larval ticks, nymphal ticks, engorged nymphal ticks, and second-generation adult ticks) obtained from laboratory artificial feeding of engorged D. nuttalli female ticks in Inner Mongolia. Then, the 16S rDNA V3-V4 hypervariable region was amplified to construct an Illumina PE250 library. Finally, 16S rRNA sequencing was performed on Illumina Novaseq 6000 platform. The sequencing data were analyzed using molecular biology software and platforms. The Illumina PE250 sequencing results showed that the egg stage had the highest diversity and number of species (28.74%, 98/341), while the engorged nymph stage had the lowest diversity and number of species (9.72%, 21/216). A total of 387 genera of 22 phyla were annotated in D. nuttalli, with 9 phyla and 57 genera found throughout all 7 growth stages. The dominant phylum was Proteobacteria; the dominant genera were Arsenophonus and Rickettsia; and the genera with the highest relative abundance in the 7 growth stages were Pseudomonas, Paenalcaligenes, Arsenophonus, Arsenophonus, Pseudomonas, Arsenophonus, and Rickettsia, respectively. Among the 23 exact species annotated, Brucella melitensis exhibits pathogeny that poses a serious threat to humans and animals. In this study, the microbial community composition at different growth stages of D. nuttalli was comprehensively analyzed for the first time.

10.
Front Immunol ; 13: 992626, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36311724

RESUMO

Background: There is a close relationship between radiotherapy and autophagy in tumors, but the prognostic role of radiotherapy-related autophagy genes (RRAGs) in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains unclear. Methods: Data used in the current study were extracted from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was executed to recognize module genes associated with radiotherapy. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between different radiotherapy response groups were filtered via edgeR package. The differentially expressed radiotherapy-related autophagy genes (DERRAGs) were obtained by overlapping the module genes, DEGs, and autophagy genes (ATGs). Then, prognostic autophagy genes were selected by Cox analyses, and a risk model and nomogram were subsequently built. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and single-sample Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (ssGSEA) were performed to investigate potential mechanisms through which prognostic autophagy signatures regulate LUAD. Radiotherapy-resistant cell lines (A549IR and PC9IR) were established after exposure to hypo-fractionated irradiation. Ultimately, mRNA expression was validated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and relative protein levels were measured in different cell lines by western blot. Results: A total of 11 DERRAGs were identified in LUAD. After Cox analyses, SHC1, NAPSA, and AURKA were filtered as prognostic signatures in LUAD. Then, the risk score model was constructed using the prognostic signatures, which had a good performance in predicting the prognosis, as evidenced by receiver operating characteristics curves. Furthermore, Cox regression analyses demonstrated that risk score was deemed as an independent prognostic factor in LUAD. Moreover, GSEA and ssGSEA results revealed that prognostic RRAGs may regulate LUAD by modulating the immune microenvironment and affecting cell proliferation. The colony formation assay showed that the radiosensitivity of radiation-resistant cell lines was lower than that of primary cells. The western blot assay found that the levels of autophagy were elevated in the radiotherapy-resistant cell lines. Moreover, the expression of DERRAGs (SHC1, AURKA) was higher in the radiotherapy-resistant cells than in primary cells. Conclusion: Our study explored the role of RRAGs in the prognosis of LUAD and identified three biomarkers. The findings enhanced the understanding of the relationship between radiotherapy, autophagy, and prognosis in LUAD and provided potential therapeutic targets for LUAD patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Aurora Quinase A/genética , Aurora Quinase A/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/radioterapia , Prognóstico , Autofagia/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
11.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 978786, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36313565

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the most common hematopoietic malignancies in adults. The tumor microenvironment (TME) has a critical effect on AML occurrence, recurrence, and progression. The gene feline leukemia virus subgroup C cellular receptor family member 2 (FLVCR2) belongs to the major facilitator superfamily of transporter protein members, which is primarily involved in transporting small molecules. The potential role of FLVCR2 in the TME in AML has not been investigated. To clarify the expression and role of FLVCR2 in AML, we analyzed the Gene Expression Omnibus and The Cancer Genome Atlas databases and found that FLVCR2 mRNA expression significantly increased among patients with AML. Furthermore, based on an analysis of the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis database, FLVCR2 upregulation predicted dismal overall survival of patients with AML. Our validation analysis revealed the significant upregulation of FLVCR2 within the bone marrow of AML relative to healthy controls by western blotting and qPCR assays. Gene set enrichment analysis was conducted to explore FLVCR2's related mechanism in AML. We found that high FLVCR2 expression was related to infiltration degrees of immune cells and immune scores among AML cases, indicating that FLVCR2 possibly had a crucial effect on AML progression through the immune response. Specifically, FLVCR2 upregulation was negatively related to the immune infiltration degrees of activated natural killer cells, activated memory CD4+ T cells, activated dendritic cells, and CD8+ T cells using CIBERSORT analysis. According to the in vitro research, FLVCR2 silencing suppressed AML cell growth and promoted their apoptosis. This study provides insights into FLVCR2's effect on tumor immunity, indicating that it might serve as an independent prognostic biomarker and was related to immune infiltration within AML.

12.
Cancer ; 128(22): 3929-3942, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36197314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematopoietic malignancy with a prognosis that varies with genetic heterogeneity of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). Induction chemotherapy with cytarabine and anthracycline has been the standard care for newly diagnosed AML, but about 30% of patients have no response to this regimen. The resistance mechanisms require deeper understanding. METHODS: In our study, using single-cell RNA sequencing, we analyzed the heterogeneity of bone marrow CD34+ cells from newly diagnosed patients with AML who were then divided into sensitive and resistant groups according to their responses to induction chemotherapy with cytarabine and anthracycline. We verified our findings by TCGA database, GEO datasets, and multiparameter flow cytometry. RESULTS: We established a landscape for AML CD34+ cells and identified HSPC types based on the lineage signature genes. Interestingly, we found a cell population with CRIP1high LGALS1high S100Ashigh showing features of granulocyte-monocyte progenitors was associated with poor prognosis of AML. And two cell populations marked by CD34+ CD52+ or CD34+ CD74+ DAP12+ were related to good response to induction therapy, showing characteristics of hematopoietic stem cells. CONCLUSION: Our study indicates the subclones of CD34+ cells confers for outcomes of AML and provides biomarkers to predict the response of patients with AML to induction chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Quimioterapia de Indução , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Humanos , Medula Óssea/patologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Antígenos CD34/uso terapêutico , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico
13.
World J Surg Oncol ; 20(1): 346, 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36258212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) varies considerably among patients with the same disease stage and characteristics, and only about two thirds show high levels of α-fetoprotein (AFP), a common prognostic indicator for HCC. Here, we assessed whether the combination of presurgical serum levels of AFP and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) can predict the prognosis of HCC patients after hepatectomy. METHODS: The clinicopathological characteristics and post-hepatectomy outcomes of 711 HCC patients were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were classified into three groups based on whether their preoperative serum levels of both AFP and CA19-9 were higher than the respective cut-offs of 400 ng/ml and 37 U/ml [double positive (DP)], the level of only one marker was higher than the cut-off [single positive (SP)], or neither level was higher than the cut-off [negative (N)]. The overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were estimated using Kaplan-Meier curves. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses were performed to identify the clinicopathological factors significantly associated with HCC prognosis. RESULTS: The 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year RFS and OS rates in the N group were significantly higher than those in the SP group, while the DP group showed the lowest rates. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that large tumor size (> 5 cm), multiple tumors (≥ 2), incomplete tumor capsule, positive microvascular invasion, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer C stage, and CA19-9 level > 37 U/mL were independent risk factors for RFS and OS in HCC patients. Moreover, aspartate aminotransferase levels > 40 U/L proved to be an independent prognostic factor for OS. CONCLUSION: The combination of serum AFP and CA19-9 levels may be a useful prognostic marker for HCC patients after hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , alfa-Fetoproteínas/análise , Hepatectomia , Antígeno CA-19-9 , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aspartato Aminotransferases , Carboidratos
14.
Opt Express ; 30(10): 15929-15938, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36221447

RESUMO

Augmented reality (AR) three-dimensional (3D) display is the hardware entrance of metaverse and attracts great interest. The fusion of physical world with 3D virtual images is non-trivial. In this paper, we proposed an AR 3D display based on a pixelated volume holographic optical element (P-VHOE). The see-through combiner is prepared by spatial multiplexing. A prototype of AR 3D display with high diffraction efficiency (78.59%), high transmission (>80%) and non-repeating views is realized. Virtual 3D objects with high fidelity in depth is reconstructed by P-VHOE, with a complex wavelet structural similarity (CW-SSIM) value of 0.9882. The proposed prototype provides an efficient solution for a compact glasses-free AR 3D display. Potential applications include window display, exhibition, education, teleconference.

15.
Opt Express ; 30(11): 18300-18309, 2022 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36221634

RESUMO

We propose a three-axis closed-loop optically pumped magnetometer with high sensitivity. The closed-loop magnetometer has a three-axis sensitivity of approximately 30 fT/Hz1/2 using two orthogonal laser beams for pumping and probing the alkali metal atoms. In the closed-loop mode, the dynamic range is improved from ±5 nT to ±150 nT. The bandwidth is increased from about 100 Hz to over 2 kHz with 10 kHz modulation fields in x- and y-axes and another 6 kHz modulation field along the z-axis. Compared with single-axis or dual-axis magnetometers, the proposed magnetometer not only provides the direction and magnitude of the magnetic field but also has high robustness in a challenging environment. The magnetometer has applications in biomagnetic measurements, magnetic resonance imaging, and fundamental physics.

16.
Molecules ; 27(19)2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36234750

RESUMO

Transforming CO2 into value-added chemicals has been an important subject in recent years. The development of a novel heterogeneous catalyst for highly effective CO2 conversion still remains a great challenge. As an emerging class of porous organic polymers, covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have exhibited superior potential as catalysts for various chemical reactions, due to their unique structure and properties. In this study, a layered two-dimensional (2D) COF, IM4F-Py-COF, was prepared through a three-component condensation reaction. Benzimidazole moiety, as an ionic liquid precursor, was integrated onto the skeleton of the COF using a benzimidazole-containing building unit. Ionization of the benzimidazole framework was then achieved through quaternization with 1-bromobutane to produce an ionic liquid-immobilized COF, i.e., BMIM4F-Py-COF. The resulting ionic COF shows excellent catalytic activity in promoting the chemical fixation of CO2 via reaction with epoxides under solvent-free and co-catalyst-free conditions. High porosity, the one-dimensional (1D) open-channel structure of the COF and the high catalytic activity of ionic liquid may contribute to the excellent catalytic performance. Moreover, the COF catalyst could be reused at least five times without significant loss of its catalytic activity.

17.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 632: 69-75, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206596

RESUMO

Autosomal recessive nonsyndromic auditory neuropathy is attributed to a genetic etiology. We identified a compound heterozygous missense variant, c.G736A (p.G246S) and c.C2954T (p.T985 M) in TNN of affected patients in a pedigree via candidate gene screening and exome sequencing. To determine the genetic etiology of deafness in the pedigree with a heterozygous missense variant in the gene TNN encoding tenascin-W associated with autosomal recessive nonsyndromic auditory neuropathy, the cochlear expression of tenascin-W was evaluated at mRNA and protein levels in mice, and Tnn knock out mice were generated and utilized to study the function of Tnn in the auditory system. Immunofluorescence stainings showed that tenascin-W was mainly expressed in the somatic cytoplasm of spiral ganglion neurons of mice. Homozygous Tnn knockout was lethal in mice, whereas Tnn heterozygous mice showed decreases in spiral ganglion neuron density and progressive hearing loss. We demonstrate that tenascin-W is expressed in the murine cochleae and is essential for the development of spiral ganglion neurons. An abnormal expression of tenascin-W can influence the development and function of SGNs and affect the function of the auditory system.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Central , Tenascina , Animais , Camundongos , Perda Auditiva Central/genética , Perda Auditiva Central/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Gânglio Espiral da Cóclea/metabolismo , Tenascina/genética , Tenascina/metabolismo , Humanos
18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(78): 11013-11016, 2022 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097967

RESUMO

A porphyrin-based COF containing a dialkylnaphthalene derivative was constructed to deliver extracellular singlet oxygen (1O2) into cancer cells through the Diels-Alder/retro-Diels-Alder reaction between dialkylnaphthalene and 1O2 to realize light- and oxygen-independent oxidative damage for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Neoplasias , Porfirinas , Reação de Cicloadição , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Oxigênio , Oxigênio Singlete
19.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(8): 3016-3029, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071788

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Lung cancer is the main cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and its incidence rate is high. Traditional methods of lung cancer screening, such as those based on X-ray, low-dose computed tomography (LDCT), positron emission computed tomography (PET/CT), electronic bronchoscopy, and serum tumor markers were not satisfied with the urgent need in improving the patient survival rate. Thus, biomarkers for early diagnosis and prognosis of lung cancer are extremely needed. Studies have identified a variety of long-chain non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) that are expressed at abnormal levels in patients with lung cancer which was believed as a potential biomarker for the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of lung cancer. This review aims to discuss the role of lncRNAs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), so as to provide insights into the prognosis of lung cancer. Methods: We searched PubMed database of the related scientific researches with outcomes from 09/16/2011 to 05/02/2022 focusing on lncRNA application in lung cancer via searching terms of "lncRNA AND lung cancer", "lncRNA AND non-small cell lung cancer", "lncRNA AND drug resistance", "lncRNA AND radio sensitivity". Published articles written in English available to readers were considered. Key Content and Findings: We summarized significantly differentially-expressed lncRNAs in lung cancer tissues compared with healthy individuals and normal tissues which would become potential biomarkers for lung cancer diagnosis and therapeutic target as a non-invasive detection method. Conclusions: LncRNAs might be valuable potential diagnostic biomarkers of lung cancer progression.

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077233

RESUMO

Bordeaux mixture (Bm) is a copper (Cu)-based pesticide that has been widely used for controlling citrus scab and citrus canker. However, frequent spraying of Bm is toxic to citrus. To our knowledge, few studies are available that discuss how the photosynthetic characteristics and chloroplast ultrastructure of citrus leaves are affected by Cu toxicity induced by excessive Bm. In the study, two-year-old seedlings of Citrus grandis (C. grandis) and Citrus sinensis (C. sinensis), which were precultured in pots, were foliar-sprayed with deionized water (as control) or Bm diluted 500-fold at intervals of 7 days for 6 times (4 times as recommended by the manufacturer) to investigate the leaf Cu absorption, photosynthesis, chloroplast ultrastructure and antioxidant enzymatic activities. Bm foliar-sprayed 6 times on citrus seedlings increased the leaf Cu content, decreased the photosynthetic pigments content and destroyed the chloroplast ultrastructure, which induced leaf chlorosis and photosynthetic inhibition. A lower Cu absorption, a higher light photon-electron transfer efficiency, a relative integrity of chloroplast ultrastructure and a promoted antioxidant protection contributed to a higher photosynthetic activity of C. grandis than C. sinensis under excessive spraying of Bm. The present study provides crucial references for screening and selecting citrus species with a higher tolerance to Cu toxicity induced by excessive Bm.


Assuntos
Citrus , Antioxidantes , Cloroplastos , Citrus/fisiologia , Cobre/toxicidade , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Plântula/fisiologia
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