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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32139603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Imaging-confirmed non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with normal alanine aminotransferase (nALT) levels is infrequently the subject for further evaluation. Early diagnosis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is needed to prevent disease progression. Thus, we tested the clinical utility of serum Golgi protein 73 (GP73) levels and developed a new non-invasive score to diagnose NASH in patients with biopsy-confirmed NAFLD and persistent nALT levels. METHODS: Serum GP73 and cytokeratin-18 M30 fragments (CK18-M30) levels were measured in 345 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. We developed a new score, named G-NASH model (by incorporating serum GP73), and combined it with serum CK18-M30 measurement in a sequential non-invasive approach to accurately identify NASH among patients with NAFLD and persistent nALT levels. RESULTS: 105 (30.4%) patients had persistent nALT, 53 of whom had histologically confirmed NASH. Both serum GP73 and CK18-M30 levels alone had poor diagnostic accuracy in identifying NASH (55.2% and 51.6%, respectively) in these patients. Conversely, G-NASH model performed better than other established non-invasive scoring systems, and by using our proposed sequential non-invasive approach 82.9% of patients with NASH were correctly identified. CONCLUSIONS: NASH is highly prevalent in patients with NAFLD with persistent nALT levels. The G-NASH model accurately identifies NASH in this patient group.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Progression of liver fibrosis still occurs in some patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection despite antiviral therapy. We aimed to identify risk factors for fibrosis progression in patients who received antiviral therapy. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal study of patients with chronic HBV infection and liver biopsies collected before and after 78 weeks of anti-HBV therapy. Fibrosis progression was defined as Ishak stage increase ≥ 1 or as predominantly progressive classified by P-I-R system (Beijing Classification). Levels of HBV DNA and HBV RNA in blood samples were measured by real-time quantitative PCR. HBV RNA in liver tissue was detected by in situ hybridization. RESULTS: A total of 239 patients with chronic HBV infection with paired liver biopsies were included. Among the 163 patients with significant fibrosis at baseline (Ishak ≥ stage 3), fibrosis progressed in 22 patients (13%), was indeterminate in 24 patients (15%), and regressed in 117 patients (72%). Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that independent risk factors for fibrosis progression were higher rate of detected HBV DNA at week 78 (odds ratio, 4.84; 95% CI, 1.30-17.98; P=.019) and alcohol intake (odds ratio, 23.84; 95% CI, 2.68-212.50; P=.004). HBV DNA was detected in blood samples from a significantly higher proportion of patients with fibrosis progression (50%) at week 78 than patients with fibrosis regression (19%) or indeterminate fibrosis (26%) (P=.015), despite low viremia (20-200 IU/mL) in all groups. The decrease of serum HBV RNA from baseline in the fibrosis regression group was larger than that in the fibrosis progression group. CONCLUSIONS: In a longitudinal study of patients with chronic HBV infection, we associated liver fibrosis progression at week 78 of treatment with higher rates of detected HBV DNA. We propose that a low level of residual HBV may still promote fibrosis progression, and that patients' levels of HBV DNA should be carefully monitored.

3.
Antiviral Res ; 176: 104745, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084507

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still a health care crisis in the world, and a considerable number of chronic hepatitis B patients die of end-stage liver diseases, including liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. A previous study has reported that sex-determining region Y box 4 (SOX4) promotes HBV replication by binding to the AACAAAG motif in the viral genome. However, such SOX4 binding site was not found in the genome of the majority of HBV genotype strains. Further, we found that SOX4 inhibited rather than promoted the replication of most HBV strains. In line with this, HBV replication was significantly enhanced when the endogenous SOX4 was knocked down. Moreover, we demonstrated that the SOX4-induced suppression of HBV replication was mainly mediated by hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α). Taken together, our findings suggest that SOX4 plays an important antiviral role by inhibiting HNF4α expression in most HBV strains.

4.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 6036904, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32089754

RESUMO

Aims: Persistent hepatic necroinflammatory damage almost always results in fibrosis/cirrhosis or even hepatocellular carcinoma. Therefore, the presence of active necroinflammation in the liver suggests that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients are in urgent need of treatment. Unfortunately, alanine transaminase (ALT), a routine indicator of liver inflammatory damage, showed a poor performance in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) patients. Thus, it will be valuable to find an alternative indicator to identify patients with hepatic necroinflammatory damage. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic value of serum Golgi protein 73 (GP73) for hepatic necroinflammatory damage in patients with NASH. Methods: The clinical data of 201 patients with NASH diagnosed by liver biopsy according to the Brunt staging system were collected retrospectively. The in situ expression of GP73 protein was measured by immunohistochemistry. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to calculate the area under the ROC curve (AUROC) of serum GP73 for diagnosing hepatic necroinflammatory damage. Results: The serum GP73 levels of NASH patients increased with the aggravation of liver necroinflammation. The median levels significantly increased from 49.98 ng/ml (31.49, 75.05) for G0-1 to 76.61 ng/ml (48.68, 110.03) for G2 and to 116.44 ng/ml (103.41, 162.17) for G3 patients (G0-1 vs. G2, P < 0.0001; G2 vs. G2, P < 0.0001; G2. Conclusions: GP73 is a valuable alternative serum marker reflecting the severity of hepatic necroinflammation in NASH patients.

5.
Helicobacter ; 25(1): e12665, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that gastrokine 1 (GKN1), an important tumor suppressor gene, is downregulated in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infected gastric mucosa and gastric cancer. However, the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Herein, we investigated the potential mechanism of H. pylori-induced GKN1 downregulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: GKN1 and AU-rich element RNA-binding factor 1 (AUF1) expressions were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR, Western blot, or immunohistochemistry in H. pylori-infected tissues and H. pylori co-cultured cell lines. The regulation of AUF1 on GKN1 was determined by RNA pulldown assay, RNA immunoprecipitation, mRNA turnover, and luciferase activity assays. The involvement of phosphorylated extra-cellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK) or CagA in H. pylori-induced AUF1 expression was verified using p-ERK inhibitor or CagA knockout H. pylori. In addition, the cell proliferation and migration capacities of AUF1-knockdown cells were investigated. RESULTS: GKN1 expression progressively decreased from H. pylori-infected gastritis to gastric cancer tissues. H. pylori co-culture also induced significant GKN1 reduction in GES-1 and BGC-823 cells. Besides, the mRNA level of GKN1 and AUF1 in human gastric mucosa showed negative correlation significantly. AUF1 knockdown resulted in upregulation of GKN1 expression and promoted GKN1 mRNA decay by binding the 3' untranslated region of GKN1 mRNA H. pylori-induced AUF1 expression was associated with p-ERK activation and CagA. Furthermore, knockdown of AUF1 significantly inhibited cell viability, migration ability, and arrested fewer cells in S-phase. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrated that H. pylori infection downregulated GKN1 expression via the CagA/p-ERK/AUF1 pathway. AUF1 promoted gastric cancer at least partly through downregulating GKN1, which presented a novel potential target for the treatment of gastric cancer.

6.
Hepatology ; 71(2): 463-476, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278760

RESUMO

Nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) have been widely used for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Because viral DNA polymerase lacks proofreading function (3' exonuclease activity), theoretically, the incorporated NAs would irreversibly terminate viral DNA synthesis. This study explored the natures of nascent hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and infectivity of progeny virions produced under NA treatment. HBV infectivity was determined by infection of HepG2-NTCP cells and primary human hepatocytes (PHHs). Biochemical properties of HBV DNA in the progeny virions were investigated by qPCR, northern blotting, or Southern blotting hybridization, sucrose gradient centrifugation, and in vitro endogenous DNA polymerase assay. Progeny HBV virions produced under NA treatment were mainly not infectious to HepG2-NTCP cells or PHHs. Biochemical analysis revealed that under NA treatment, HBV DNA in nucleaocapsids or virions were predominantly short minus-strand DNA with irreversible termination. This finding was supported by the observation of first disappearance of relaxed circular DNA and then the proportional decline of HBV-DNA levels corresponding to the regions of PreC/C, S, and X genes in serial sera of patients receiving NA treatment. Conclusion: HBV virions produced under NA treatment are predominantly replication deficient because the viral genomes are truncated and elongation of DNA chains is irreversibly terminated. Clinically, our results suggest that the viral loads of CHB patients under NA therapy vary with the different regions of genome being detected by qPCR assays. Our findings also imply that NA prevention of perinatal and sexual HBV transmission as well as infection of transplanted livers works not only by reducing viral loads, but also by producing noninfectious virions.

7.
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 18(3): 719-727.e7, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is no satisfactory way to identify patients who will maintain a response after discontinuation of nuleos(t)ide analogue therapy for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. We investigated whether patients with negative results from tests for HBV DNA and HBV RNA (double negative) at the end of treatment maintain a long-term response to treatment. METHODS: We performed a post-hoc analysis of data from a 2-year multi-center randomized controlled trial, and its long-term extension trials, on 130 patients with chronic HBV infection who were positive for the HB e antigen (HBeAg-positive; mean age, 30.8 ± 6.9 years; 72.3% male) and received telbivudine with or without adefovir and stopped therapy after they had HBeAg seroconversion and levels of HBV DNA <300 copies/mL for at least 48 weeks (evaluation cohort). Clinical and laboratory assessments were made every 12 or 16 weeks until clinical relapse (defined as HBV DNA > 2000 IU/mL and level of alanine aminotransferase more than 2-fold the upper limit of normal) or until 4 years off treatment. We validated our findings in a cohort of 40 HBeAg-positive patients (36.5 ± 9.4 years old; 72.5% male) treated with entecavir or tenofovir, and followed after discontinuation for up to 5.5 years. Patients were considered to be negative for HBV DNA if it was not detected in the COBAS Taqman assay. Patients were considered to be negative for HBV RNA if it was not detected by quantitative real-time PCR with 2 different pairs of primers. RESULTS: After 4 years off treatment, in the evaluation cohort, 30.8% of patients had a clinical relapse, 54.7% had virologic relapse (HBV DNA >2000 IU/mL in 2 tests), and 16.8% had reappearance of HBeAg in 2 tests (reversion). A significantly lower proportion of double negative patients had a clinical relapse 4 years later (2/35; 8.0%) than of patients who tested positive for either HBV DNA or RNA (32/102; 31.4%; P = .018). In the validation cohort, after 5.5 years of follow up, a lower proportion of double negative patients had clinical relapse (2/13; 15.4%) than of patients who tested positive for either HBV DNA or RNA at the end of treatment (9/27; 33.3%; P = .286) CONCLUSIONS: In an analysis of data from 2 independent cohorts, we associated negative results from tests for HBV DNA and RNA (double negative) at the end of treatment with continued response 4 or more years after discontinuation of therapy in HBeAg-positive patients. These results might be used to identify the best candidates for discontinuation of nuleos(t)ide analogue therapy.

8.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1179: 17-37, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741332

RESUMO

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains to be a serious threat to public health and is associated with many liver diseases including chronic hepatitis B (CHB), liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although nucleos(t)ide analogues (NA) and pegylated interferon-α (Peg-IFNα) have been confirmed to be efficient in inhibiting HBV replication, it is difficult to eradicate HBV and achieve the clinical cure of CHB. Therefore, long-term therapy has been recommended to CHB treatment under the current antiviral therapy. In this context, the new antiviral therapy targeting one or multiple critical steps of viral life cycle may be an alternative approach in future. In the last decade, the functional receptor [sodium-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP)] of HBV entry into hepatocytes has been discovered, and the immature nucleocapsids containing the non- or partially reverse-transcribed pregenomic RNA, the nucleocapsids containing double-strand linear DNA (dslDNA), and the empty particles devoid of any HBV nucleic acid have been found to be released into circulation, which have supplemented the life cycle of HBV. The understanding of HBV life cycle may offer a new instruction for searching the potential antiviral targets, and the new viral markers used to monitor the efficacy of antiviral therapy for CHB patients in the future.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica , Antivirais/farmacologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Hepatócitos/virologia , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/farmacologia , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Dis Markers ; 2019: 3862024, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636735

RESUMO

Background and Aim: Serum Golgi protein 73 (GP73) is a promising alternative biomarker of chronic liver diseases, but most data are from patients with HBV infection rather than HCV. Materials and Methods: Two independent cohorts of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients from the 5th Medical Centre of the Chinese PLA General Hospital (n = 174) and Beijing Youan Hospital (n = 120) with different histories of HCV infection were enrolled. The correlations between serum GP73 and other biochemical indices, as well as its correlations with different stages of liver disease progression, were investigated. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was employed to evaluate the diagnostic potential of serum GP73 for liver necroinflammation and fibrosis, and comparisons of the diagnostic efficiency with traditional indices of hepatic liver injuries were further investigated. Results: Levels of serum GP73 were found significantly elevated in patients with moderate to severe inflammatory grade (G ≥ 2) and/or with advanced fibrotic stages (F ≥ 3) in both cohorts (P < 0.05, respectively), as compared to those with a normal or mild liver lesion. Further ROC analysis demonstrated that serum GP73 was comparable to serum ALT and AST in diagnosing the liver necroinflammation grade at G ≥ 2, but its diagnostic values for advanced fibrosis (F ≥ 3) and cirrhosis (F = 4) were limited when compared to APRI and FIB-4, and FIB-4 exhibited the best performance. Notably, an obvious elevation of serum GP73 was observed after patients received PEG-IFN and ribavirin treatment. Conclusions: Serum GP73 is an important biomarker in evaluating and monitoring the disease progression including liver necroinflammation and fibrosis in patients with chronic HCV infection, but the value is limited for diagnosing advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis in comparison with APRI and FIB-4.

10.
Exp Ther Med ; 18(5): 3347-3356, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602208

RESUMO

Chronic heart failure affects myocardial energy metabolism and cardiac function. Puerarin has been reported to improve cardiac function through regulation of energy metabolism in mice with myocardial infarction. The aim of the current study was to determine whether puerarin can improve body weight and reduce inflammation and apoptosis in rats with chronic heart failure. Rats were divided into three groups: Puerarin, PBS and sham group. Transverse aortic constriction was performed to induce chronic heart failure in the puerarin an PBS groups. Cardiac function, apoptosis and inflammation were evaluated following a 4-week treatment in rats with chronic heart failure. The results demonstrated that puerarin significantly increased the survival rate of rats and improved cardiac function compared with the PBS group. In addition, puerarin decreased lactate dehydrogenase and succinate dehydrogenase activity compared with the PBS group. Puerarin treatment increased the expression levels of glucose transporter type 4 and decreased the expression levels of CD36. Additionally, puerarin decreased the levels inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6 in serum and myocardial tissue compared with the PBS group. Puerarin upregulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) and its downstream target genes nuclear respiratory factor 1, FOS proto-oncogene, YY1 transcription factor, acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase a, Fas cell surface death receptor, L-type pyruvate kinase and acetyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase medium chain in myocardial cells from rats with chronic heart failure. These results demonstrated that puerarin inhibited apoptosis and inflammation in myocardial cells via the PPARα pathway. In conclusion, the present study indicated that puerarin may exhibit antiapoptotic and anti-inflammatory activity through the PPARα pathway in rats with chronic heart failure.

11.
J Gastrointestin Liver Dis ; 28(3): 289-296, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Liver fibrosis is stage-dependently associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) progression. The increased awareness of non-invasive diagnosis has led to the establishment of many fibrosis diagnosis models with various accuracies. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of nine clinical non-invasive fibrosis models in NAFLD and provide an optimal diagnostic method for advanced fibrosis by step layered combination of non-invasive models. METHODS: 453 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD were enrolled from three centers and were divided into study cohort and validation cohort randomly. Aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), BARD, FiB-4, FibroMeter NAFLD, Forns' Index, Hui model, non-invasive Koeln-Essen- index (NIKEI), S Index and NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS) were calculated. The high area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) models were stepwise combined for further diagnosing NAFLD advanced fibrosis. RESULTS: All models had good performance with high negative predictive value (NPV) and specificity for diagnosing fibrosis, while positive predictive value (PPV) and sensitivity were low. APRI, BARD, FibroMeter NAFLD and NIKEI had higher AUROCs and their step layered combination for diagnosing advanced fibrosis showed high specificity, sensitivity, NPV and PPV up to 89.13%, 72.50%, 74.36%, and 88.17%, which also performed well in the validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: APRI, BARD, FibroMeter NAFLD and NIKEI had better diagnostic accuracy, and could be preferred for diagnosing NAFLD fibrosis. The step layered combination of these models performed much better than each single scoring system for diagnosing advanced fibrosis, provides valuable reference for clinical practice and might be a potential substitution of liver biopsy.

12.
World Allergy Organ J ; 12(8): 100051, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440325

RESUMO

Background: The allergy epidemic resulting from western environment/lifestyles is potentially due to modifications of the human microbiome. Therefore, it is of interest to study immigrants living in a western environment as well as their counterparts in the country of origin to understand differences in their microbiomes and health status. Methods: We investigated 58 Australian Chinese (AC) children from Perth, Western Australia as well as 63 Chinese-born Chinese (CC) children from a city in China. Oropharyngeal (OP) and fecal samples were collected. To assess the microbiomes, 16s ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequencing for variable regions V3 and V4 was used. Skin prick tests (SPT) were performed to measure the children's atopic status. Information on food allergy and wheezing were acquired from a questionnaire. Results: AC children had more allergic conditions than CC children. The alpha diversity (mean species diversity) of both OP and gut microbiome was lower in AC children compared to CC children for richness estimate (Chao1), while diversity evenness (Shannon index) was higher. The beta diversity (community similarity) displayed a distinct separation of the OP and gut microbiota between AC and CC children. An apparent difference in microbial abundance was observed for many bacteria. In AC children, we sought to establish consistent trends in bacterial relative abundance that are either higher or lower in AC versus CC children and higher or lower in children with allergy versus those without allergy. The majority of OP taxa showed a consistent trend while the majority of fecal taxa showed a contrasting trend. Conclusion: Distinct differences in microbiome compositions were found in both oropharyngeal and fecal samples of AC and CC children. The association of the OP microbiome with allergic condition is different from that of the gut microbiome in AC children. The microbiome profiles are changed by the western environment/lifestyle and are associated with allergies in Chinese immigrant children in Australia.

13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 9438, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263148

RESUMO

Type VI secretion system (T6SS) is described as a macromolecular secretion machine that is utilized for bacterial competition. The gene clusters encoding T6SS are composed of core tss genes and tag genes. However, the clusters differ greatly in different pathogens due to the great changes accumulated during the long-term evolution. In this work, we identified a novel hypothetical periplasmic protein designated as AsaA which is encoded by the first gene of the T6SS cluster in the genus Acinetobacter. By constructing asaA mutant, we delineated its relative contributions to bacterial competition and secretion of T6SS effector Hcp. Subsequently, we studied the localization of AsaA and potential proteins that may have interactions with AsaA. Our results showed that AsaA in Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) localized in the bacterial periplasmic space. Results based on bacterial two-hybrid system and protein pull-down assays indicated that it was most likely to affect the assembly or stability of T6SS by interacting with the T6SS core protein TssM. Collectively, our findings of AsaA is most likely a key step in understanding of the T6SS functions in A. baumannii.

14.
Small ; 15(38): e1902686, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271518

RESUMO

The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/associated nuclease (Cas) system is an efficient gene editing tool. In this study, it is found that both single guide RNA (gRNA) and Cas9 protein could be exported from the CRISPR/Cas9-expressing cells by endogenous exosomes independently. Further experiments demonstrate that these naturally produced endogenous exosomes could be used as a vehicle to deliver the functional Cas9 and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-specific gRNA to cut HBV DNA transfected in HuH7 cells or human papilloma virus (HPV)-specific gRNA to cut the integrated HPV DNA in HeLa cells, respectively. In conclusion, this study indicates the potential of endogenous exosomes as a safe and effective delivery vehicle of the functional gRNA and Cas9 protein. Meanwhile, the endogenous exosomes-mediated delivery of gene editing activity to adjacent and distant cells or tissues may further complicate the off-target and safety concerns about the CRISPR/Cas9 system.

15.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 8(1): 879-894, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31179847

RESUMO

Hepatocyte proliferation could result in the loss of covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) and the emergence of cccDNA-cleared nascent hepatocytes, which appear refractory to hepatitis B virus (HBV) reinfection with unknown mechanism(s). Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP) is the functional receptor for HBV entry. In this study, down-regulation of cell membrane localized NTCP expression in proliferating hepatocytes was found to prevent HBV infection in HepG2-NTCP-tet cells and in liver-humanized mice. In patients, lower NTCP protein expression was correlated well with higher levels of hepatocyte proliferation and less HBsAg expression in HBV-related focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) tissues. Clinically, significantly lower NTCP protein expression was correlated with more active hepatocyte proliferation in CHB patients with severe active necroinflammation and better antiviral treatment outcome. Mechanistically, the activation of cell cycle regulatory genes p53, S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2) and cyclin D1 during cell proliferation, as well as proliferative and inflammatory cytokine Interleukin-6 (IL-6) could transcriptionally down-regulate NTCP expression. From these aspects, we conclude that within the milieu of hepatocyte proliferation, down-regulation of cell membrane localized NTCP expression level renders nascent hepatocytes resistant to HBV reinfection. This may accelerate virus clearance during immune-mediated cell death and compensatory proliferation of survival hepatocytes.


Assuntos
Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Vírus da Hepatite B/fisiologia , Hepatite B/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos Dependentes de Sódio/genética , Simportadores/genética , Animais , Membrana Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B/fisiopatologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatócitos/citologia , Hepatócitos/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos Dependentes de Sódio/metabolismo , Receptores Virais/genética , Receptores Virais/metabolismo , Simportadores/metabolismo
16.
J Viral Hepat ; 26(10): 1146-1155, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087479

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection continues to be a major public health issue worldwide. HBsAg loss is associated with functional remission and improved long-term outcome, and is considered to be a 'functional cure' (also referred to as clinical or immunologic cure) for chronic hepatitis B. This ideal goal of therapy can be achieved using optimized combination regimens with direct-acting antivirals [eg nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs)] and immunomodulators [eg pegylated interferon alpha2a (Peg-IFN)] in selected patients with chronic hepatitis B. Among different combination therapies currently available, those with NA lead-in followed by Peg-IFN in virally suppressed patients has been demonstrated to be effective. This review provides an updated overview of the evidence supporting the use of combination therapies and summarizes expert consensus on the roadmap to attain functional cure for chronic hepatitis B patients.

17.
J Gastroenterol ; 54(12): 1096-1105, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interaction between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and chronic hepatitis B infection (CBI) was unclear. We aimed to investigate the association between NAFLD and CBI and the effect of NAFLD on response to antiviral therapy in pediatric population. METHODS: All children aged 0-18 years with liver biopsy-proven NAFLD, CBI, and co-existing NAFLD and CBI were consecutively collected. Children with co-existing CBI and NAFLD were considered as cases and n:m matched with simple NAFLD and simple CBI patients in the same cohort, respectively. In longitude study, the role of NAFLD in antiviral response was further analyzed in children with CBI who received antiviral treatment. Logistic or Cox regression models were used appropriately for analysis. RESULTS: 765 subjects were finally enrolled with 62 co-existing patients, 560 CBI patients, and 143 NAFLD patients. Multivariate analysis showed that HBV DNA level was negatively associated with NAFLD in CBI children (OR 0.376, 95% CI 0.173-0.818). Conversely, the severity of steatosis and levels of serum lipid profile were found to be inversely associated with CBI in NAFLD subjects. Then, in longitude study, we found that HBsAg loss at 96 weeks of antiviral treatment was independently associated with NAFLD (aHR 3.245, 95% CI 1.288-8.176). CONCLUSIONS: An inverse association between CBI and NAFLD reciprocally existed in pediatric population. In longitude study, HBsAg loss was associated with NAFLD at week 96 of antiviral therapy.

19.
Science ; 364(6438): 399-402, 2019 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31023926

RESUMO

The maintenance of terminally differentiated cells, especially hepatocytes, in vitro has proven challenging. Here we demonstrated the long-term in vitro maintenance of primary human hepatocytes (PHHs) by modulating cell signaling pathways with a combination of five chemicals (5C). 5C-cultured PHHs showed global gene expression profiles and hepatocyte-specific functions resembling those of freshly isolated counterparts. Furthermore, these cells efficiently recapitulated the entire course of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection over 4 weeks with the production of infectious viral particles and formation of HBV covalently closed circular DNA. Our study demonstrates that, with a chemical approach, functional maintenance of PHHs supports long-term HBV infection in vitro, providing an efficient platform for investigating HBV cell biology and antiviral drug screening.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hepatócitos/fisiologia , Hepatócitos/virologia , Cultura Primária de Células/métodos , Cultura de Vírus/métodos , Antivirais/isolamento & purificação , Antivirais/farmacologia , DNA Circular/biossíntese , DNA Circular/isolamento & purificação , DNA Viral/biossíntese , DNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Transcriptoma , Vírion/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírion/crescimento & desenvolvimento
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