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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(21): 4200-4, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27071256

RESUMO

To establish a new method for simultaneously determining the content of five gingerol compounds in different processing degrees of ginger charcoal and PCA principal component analysis was conducted for analysis. Samples were analyzed on Ultimate TM XB-C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 µm) , with acetonitrile (A) -0.1% phosphoric acid solution (B) as mobile phase for gradient elution. Detection wavelength was set at 280 nm. The flow rate was 0.6 mL x min(-1) and the column temperature was 30 degrees C. The five compounds were separated well and showed good linearity (r ≥ 0.999 7) within the concentration ranges tested. The average value for recoveries was between 98.86% - 101.5% (RSD 1.4% - 2.9%). The contents of five compounds showed difference among different processing degrees of ginger charcoal. Zingiberone had the highest content in the standard carbon, and the content of gingerol was decreased as the deepening of processing degree. Different processing degrees of ginger charcoal were classified into three groups with PCA, and provided scientific basis for establishing the quality standards of ginger charcoal.


Assuntos
Catecóis/química , Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Álcoois Graxos/química , Gengibre/química , Análise de Componente Principal/métodos , Carvão Vegetal/química
2.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 29(9): 899-904, 2008 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19173855

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the epidemiological features of two rabies cases in Baoshan city year 2006 and 2007 and to analyze its source of infection. METHODS: Questionnaires were used to do the epidemiological survey on each of the rabies cases. Brain tissue samples of rabies patients were collect to detect the rabies virus by direct immunofluorescence assay (DFA) and RT-PCR assay. Homology and phylogenetic tree were analyzed, based on the whole nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence of P, M and N gene of rabies virus followed by molecular epidemiological analysis. RESULTS: In July 2006, one human rabies case was identified in Longyang district, and another one in Tengchong county in Baoshan city in 2007. The degrees of exposure of these two patients was all at degree III. Two brain tissue samples among the dead patients (No. CYN0601H and CYN0701H) were confirmed positive by both DFA and RT-PCR assay. The homology analysis of P, M and N gene sequences among CYN0601H, CYN0701H and other rabies strains isolated from other provinces and other counties, showed that the samples in Baoshan city shared the highest homology with the strains in Thailand. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the two samples were very close and all belonged to genetype 1 Lyssavirus, with the closest relationship between samples in Baoshan city and strains in Thailand. CONCLUSION: It was confirmed on the virus molecular level that the two patients in Baoshan city were both suffered from rabies. The prevalent strains in Baoshan city was probably imported from foreign country, suggesting that prevention and control measures on rabies virus in the boarder areas of Yunnan should be strengthened.


Assuntos
Vírus da Raiva/genética , Raiva/epidemiologia , Raiva/virologia , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Genoma Viral , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Epidemiologia Molecular , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Raiva/genética , Vírus da Raiva/classificação , Vírus da Raiva/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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