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Food Res Int ; 137: 109688, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233263


In this study, fruit-zone microclimate was modified by three treatments, including inter-row mulch (M), the combination of leaf removal applied at the onset of veraison and inter-row mulch (MLR-BV), and the combination of leaf removal applied at complete veraison and inter-row mulch (MLR-EV), in a semi-arid climate in three consecutive years (2015-2017). M decreased fruit-zone reflected solar radiation from vineyard floor and low temperature (10-20 °C) duration, whereas it increased soil temperature and high temperature (> 30 °C) duration. MLR-BV and MLR-EV increased fruit-zone incident photosynthetically active radiation while decreased the duration of 20-25 °C compared to M. Notably, M significantly decreased grape total norisoprenoid concentrations in 2015-2017, and total terpenoid concentrations in 2015-2016. Applying leaf removal applied at the onset of veraison could compensate the decreases of total norisoprenoids and terpenoids caused by M when two treatments were applied together. Besides, M significantly increased grape total C6/C9 compound concentrations, besides, (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol concentrations were significantly higher in grapes of M than those of MLR-BV in 2015-2017. Light exposure and high temperature duration after veraison had strong positive correlations with total norisoprenoids and terpenoids, besides, low temperature duration was positively correlated with total norisoprenoids. In addition, light exposure after veraison had strong negative correlations with total C6/C9 compounds. With respect to the volatile compounds in wines, M significantly decreased the concentrations of isopentanol and ethyl acetate, and the concentrations of ethyl cinnamate, phenylacetaldehyde, phenylethyl alcohol and 3-methylthio-1-propanol were significantly lower in MLR-BV and MLR-EV than in M. The outcome of this study can assist winegrowers to properly adjust vineyard managements to optimize the concentrations of desired volatile compounds in grapes and wines.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 54(52): 15734-8, 2015 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26546238


The use of single-molecule junctions for various functions constitutes a central goal of molecular electronics. The functional features and the efficiency of electron transport are dictated by the degree of energy-level alignment (ELA), that is, the offset potential between the electrode Fermi level and the frontier molecular orbitals. Examples manifesting ELA are rare owing to experimental challenges and the large energy barriers of typical model compounds. In this work, single-molecule junctions of organometallic compounds with five metal centers joined in a collinear fashion were analyzed. The single-molecule i-V scans could be conducted in a reliable manner, and the EFMO levels were electrochemically accessible. When the electrode Fermi level (EF ) is close to the frontier orbitals (EFMO ) of the bridging molecule, larger conductance was observed. The smaller |EF -EFMO | gap was also derived quantitatively, unambiguously confirming the ELA. The mechanism is described in terms of a two-level model involving co-tunneling and sequential tunneling processes.

Chem Commun (Camb) ; 46(8): 1338-40, 2010 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20449296


The influence of a pi-acid cyanide axial ligand on the metal-metal interactions of [Ru(3)(mu(3)-dpa)(4)(X)(2)](0/+) (X = NCS(-), CN(-)) is manifested by the measurements of single-molecule conductance coupled with in situ electrochemical control.

J Am Chem Soc ; 130(31): 10090-2, 2008 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18613674


EMACs (extended metal-atom chains) offer a unique platform for the exploration of metal-metal interactions. There has been significant advances on the synthesis of EMACs, such as lengthening the chains up to 11 metal atoms thus far, integrating naphthyridine moieties for tuning the charge carried at metal centers, and manipulation of metal-metal interactions. However, the metal centers in EMACs hitherto are limited to first row transition metals which are more labile than those relatively inert ones with electrons filled in the 4d and 5d shells. In this Communication, the synthesis, crystallographic, magnetic, and electrical conducting studies of [Ru5(mu5-tpda)4Cl2] and [Ru5(mu5-tpda)4(NCS)2], the first pentanuclear EMACs of second-row transition metal, are reported.