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Magn Reson Med ; 87(1): 431-445, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337773


PURPOSE: MRI of organs and musculoskeletal structures in the female pelvis presents a unique display of pelvic anatomy. Automated segmentation of pelvic structures plays an important role in personalized diagnosis and treatment on pelvic structures disease. Pelvic organ systems are very complicated, and it is a challenging task for 3D segmentation of massive pelvic structures on MRI. METHODS: A new Scale- and Slice-aware Net ( S 2 aNet) is presented for 3D dense segmentation of 54 organs and musculoskeletal structures in female pelvic MR images. A Scale-aware module is designed to capture the spatial and semantic information of different-scale structures. A Slice-aware module is introduced to model similar spatial relationships of consecutive slices in 3D data. Moreover, S 2 aNet leverages a weight-adaptive loss optimization strategy to reinforce the supervision with more discriminative capability on hard samples and categories. RESULTS: Experiments have been performed on a pelvic MRI cohort of 27 MR images from 27 patient cases. Across the cohort and 54 categories of organs and musculoskeletal structures manually delineated, S 2 aNet was shown to outperform the UNet framework and other state-of-the-art fully convolutional networks in terms of sensitivity, Dice similarity coefficient and relative volume difference. CONCLUSION: The experimental results on the pelvic 3D MR dataset show that the proposed S 2 aNet achieves excellent segmentation results compared to other state-of-the-art models. To our knowledge, S 2 aNet is the first model to achieve 3D dense segmentation for 54 musculoskeletal structures on pelvic MRI, which will be leveraged to the clinical application under the support of more cases in the future.

Med Image Anal ; 70: 101835, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676102


Spermatogenesis in mammals is a cyclic process of spermatogenic cell development in the seminiferous epithelium that can be subdivided into 12 subsequent stages. Histological staging analysis of testis sections, specifically of seminiferous tubule cross-sections, is the only effective method to evaluate the quality of the spermatogenic process and to determine developmental defects leading to infertility. Such staging analysis, however, is tedious and time-consuming, and it may take a long time to become proficient. We now have developed a Computerized Staging system of Spermatogenesis (CSS) for mouse testis sections through learning of an expert with decades of experience in mouse testis staging. The development of the CSS system comprised three major parts: 1) Developing computational image analysis models for mouse testis sections; 2) Automated classification of each seminiferous tubule cross-section into three stage groups: Early Stages (ES: stages I-V), Middle Stages (MS: stages VI-VIII), and Late Stages (LS: stages IV-XII); 3) Automated classification of MS into distinct stages VI, VII-mVIII, and late VIII based on newly developed histomorphological features. A cohort of 40 H&E stained normal mouse testis sections was built according to three modules where 28 cross-sections were leveraged for developing tubule region segmentation, spermatogenic cells types and multi-concentric-layers segmentation models. The rest of 12 testis cross-sections, approximately 2314 tubules whose stages were manually annotated by two expert testis histologists, served as the basis for developing the CSS system. The CSS system's accuracy of mean and standard deviation (MSD) in identifying ES, MS, and LS were 0.93 ± 0.03, 0.94 ± 0.11, and 0.89 ± 0.05 and 0.85 ± 0.12, 0.88 ± 0.07, and 0.96 ± 0.04 for one with 5 years of experience, respectively. The CSS system's accuracy of MSD in identifying stages VI, VII-mVIII, and late VIII are 0.74 ± 0.03, 0.85 ± 0.04, and 0.78 ± 0.06 and 0.34 ± 0.18, 0.78 ± 0.16, and 0.44 ± 0.25 for one with 5 years of experience, respectively. In terms of time it takes to collect these data, it takes on average 3 hours for a histologist and 1.87 hours for the CSS system to finish evaluating an entire testis section (computed with a PC (I7-6800k 4.0 GHzwith 32GB of RAM & 256G SSD) and a Titan 1080Ti GPU). Therefore, the CSS system is more accurate and faster compared to a human histologist in staging, and further optimization and development will not only lead to a complete staging of all 12 stages of mouse spermatogenesis but also could aid in the future diagnosis of human infertility. Moreover, the top-ranking histomorphological features identified by the CSS classifier are consistent with the primary features used by histologists in discriminating stages VI, VII-mVIII, and late VIII.

Espermatogênese , Testículo , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Epitélio Seminífero , Túbulos Seminíferos
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 194: 105528, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470903


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Gleason grading system is currently the clinical gold standard for determining prostate cancer aggressiveness. Prostate cancer is typically classified into one of 5 different categories with 1 representing the most indolent disease and 5 reflecting the most aggressive disease. Grades 3 and 4 are the most common and difficult patterns to be discriminated in clinical practice. Even though the degree of gland differentiation is the strongest determinant of Gleason grade, manual grading is subjective and is hampered by substantial inter-reader disagreement, especially with regard to intermediate grade groups. METHODS: To capture the topological characteristics and the degree of connectivity between nuclei around the gland, the concept of Homology Profile (HP) for prostate cancer grading is presented in this paper. HP is an algebraic tool, whereby, certain algebraic invariants are computed based on the structure of a topological space. We utilized the Statistical Representation of Homology Profile (SRHP) features to quantify the extent of glandular differentiation. The quantitative characteristics which represent the image patch are fed into a supervised classifier model for discrimination of grade patterns 3 and 4. RESULTS: On the basis of the novel homology profile, we evaluated 43 digitized images of prostate biopsy slides annotated for regions corresponding to Grades 3 and 4. The quantitative patch-level evaluation results showed that our approach achieved an Area Under Curve (AUC) of 0.96 and an accuracy of 0.89 in terms of discriminating Grade 3 and 4 patches. Our approach was found to be superior to comparative methods including handcrafted cellular features, Stacked Sparse Autoencoder (SSAE) algorithm and end-to-end supervised learning method (DLGg). Also, slide-level quantitative and qualitative evaluation results reflect the ability of our approach in discriminating Gleason Grade 3 from 4 patterns on H&E tissue images. CONCLUSIONS: We presented a novel Statistical Representation of Homology Profile (SRHP) approach for automated Gleason grading on prostate biopsy slides. The most discriminating topological descriptions of cancerous regions for grade 3 and 4 in prostate cancer were identified. Moreover, these characteristics of homology profile are interpretable, visually meaningful and highly consistent with the rubric employed by pathologists for the task of Gleason grading.

Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias da Próstata , Biópsia , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 37(1): 10-18, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096372


Lung cancer is a most common malignant tumor of the lung and is the cancer with the highest morbidity and mortality worldwide. For patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer who have undergone epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations, targeted drugs can be used for targeted therapy. There are many methods for detecting EGFR gene mutations, but each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. This study aims to predict the risk of EGFR gene mutation by exploring the association between the histological features of the whole slides pathology of non-small cell lung cancer hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and the patient's EGFR mutant gene. The experimental results show that the area under the curve (AUC) of the EGFR gene mutation risk prediction model proposed in this paper reached 72.4% on the test set, and the accuracy rate was 70.8%, which reveals the close relationship between histomorphological features and EGFR gene mutations in the whole slides pathological images of non-small cell lung cancer. In this paper, the molecular phenotypes were analyzed from the scale of the whole slides pathological images, and the combination of pathology and molecular omics was used to establish the EGFR gene mutation risk prediction model, revealing the correlation between the whole slides pathological images and EGFR gene mutation risk. It could provide a promising research direction for this field.

Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Humanos , Mutação