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1.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(10): 913, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615858

RESUMO

The nuclear receptor-binding SET domain 3 (NSD3) catalyzes methylation of histone H3 at lysine 36 (H3K36), and promotes malignant transformation and progression of human cancer. Its expression, potential functions and underlying mechanisms in pancreatic cancer are studied. Bioinformatics studies and results from local human tissues show that NSD3 is upregulated in human pancreatic cancer tissues, which is correlated with poor overall survival. In primary and established pancreatic cancer cells, NSD3 silencing (by shRNAs) or CRISPR/Cas9-induced NSD3 knockout potently inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion, while provoking cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Conversely, ectopic expression of NSD3-T1232A mutation significantly accelerated proliferation, migration, and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells. H3K36 dimethylation, expression of NSD3-dependent genes (Prkaa2, Myc, Irgm1, Adam12, and Notch3), and mTOR activation (S6K1 phosphorylation) were largely inhibited by NSD3 silencing or knockout. In vivo, intratumoral injection of adeno-associated virus (AAV)-packed NSD3 shRNA potently inhibited pancreatic cancer xenograft growth in nude mice. These results suggest that elevated NSD3 could be an important driver for the malignant progression of pancreatic cancer.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3016-3023, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467691

RESUMO

The acupoint application of Euodiae Fructus at Yongquan(KI1) can significantly improve the sleep quality of patients with insomnia with berberine as the main effective component for the efficacy. Nineteen active compounds and 203 drug targets were screened out from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP). After comparison with GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), 24 common genes of diseases and drugs were obtained. STRING 11.0 was used to construct a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of the overlapping genes, and Matthews correlation coefficient(MCC) was employed to screen the core genes, which were then subjected to enrichment analysis with gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG). The results revealed that the main compounds of Euodiae Fructus, such as berberine and rutaecarpine, participated in the biological processes(such as neurotransmitter receptor activity) by regulating C-reactive protein(CRP), estrogen receptor 1(ESR1), 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT) receptor, and interleukin-6(IL-6) to exert sedative, anxiolytic, and antidepressant effects. Sixty 4-week-old SPF mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a positive drug(diazepam tablets) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose berberine groups. Medication with corresponding drugs was performed for one week. The results demonstrated that berberine was potent in reducing the activities and standing times of mice, down-regulating the levels of CRP and IL-6 mRNA in the hypothalamus, and up-regulating the expression of 5-HT(P<0.01); however, no significant effect on ESR1 was observed. The network of Euodiae Fructus in treating insomnia was constructed by network pharmacology and verified by tests. The findings indicated that the therapeutic efficacy of Euodiae Fructus in treating insomnia was achieved by participating in multiple biological processes, such as neurotransmitter receptor activity, which provided a scientific basis for its clinical application.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Animais , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Camundongos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/genética
3.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; : 1-11, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339343

RESUMO

The optimization of extraction of Tetrastigma hemsleyanum Diels et Gilg polysaccharides (THP) using ultrasonic with enzyme method and its monosaccharide compositions and antioxidant activity were investigated in this work. Single-factor experiments and response surface methodology (RSM) were performed to optimize conditions for extraction, and the independent variables were (XA) dosage of cellulase, (XB) extraction time, (XC) ultrasonic power, and (XD) ratio of water to the material. The extraction rate of THP was increased effectively under the optimum conditions, and the maximum (4.692 ± 0.059%) was well-matched the predicted value from RSM. THP was consisted of mannose, glucuronic acid, rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, and arabinose, while glucose was the dominant (26.749 ± 0.634%). According to the total antioxidant capacity assay with the FRAP method, DPPH, and hydroxyl radical scavenging assay, THP showed strong antioxidant activity with a dose-dependent behavior. The results indicated that THP has the potential to be a novel antioxidant and could expand its application in food and medicine.

4.
Magn Reson Med ; 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337773

RESUMO

PURPOSE: MRI of organs and musculoskeletal structures in the female pelvis presents a unique display of pelvic anatomy. Automated segmentation of pelvic structures plays an important role in personalized diagnosis and treatment on pelvic structures disease. Pelvic organ systems are very complicated, and it is a challenging task for 3D segmentation of massive pelvic structures on MRI. METHODS: A new Scale- and Slice-aware Net ( S 2 aNet) is presented for 3D dense segmentation of 54 organs and musculoskeletal structures in female pelvic MR images. A Scale-aware module is designed to capture the spatial and semantic information of different-scale structures. A Slice-aware module is introduced to model similar spatial relationships of consecutive slices in 3D data. Moreover, S 2 aNet leverages a weight-adaptive loss optimization strategy to reinforce the supervision with more discriminative capability on hard samples and categories. RESULTS: Experiments have been performed on a pelvic MRI cohort of 27 MR images from 27 patient cases. Across the cohort and 54 categories of organs and musculoskeletal structures manually delineated, S 2 aNet was shown to outperform the UNet framework and other state-of-the-art fully convolutional networks in terms of sensitivity, Dice similarity coefficient and relative volume difference. CONCLUSION: The experimental results on the pelvic 3D MR dataset show that the proposed S 2 aNet achieves excellent segmentation results compared to other state-of-the-art models. To our knowledge, S 2 aNet is the first model to achieve 3D dense segmentation for 54 musculoskeletal structures on pelvic MRI, which will be leveraged to the clinical application under the support of more cases in the future.

5.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e929844, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to establish and validate an easy-to-use nomogram to predict portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients with cirrhosis after splenectomy and to test its predictive ability. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective study included 315 patients with cirrhosis who underwent splenectomy at 2 high-volume medical centers. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression method was used to select the predictors in the training cohort, and multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to establish the predictive nomogram model. We determined the prediction value of the nomogram by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC), the calibration curve, and decision curve analysis. Finally, the applicability of the nomogram was internally and independently validated. RESULTS The predictors of PVT included portal vein diameter, splenic vein diameter, body mass index, and platelet count. Based on the clinical and radiomic models, the nomogram had good predictive efficiency for predicting PVT in patients with cirrhosis after splenectomy, with an AUROC of 0.887 (0.856 in internal validation and 0.796 in independent validation). The decision curve analysis revealed that the nomogram had good clinical application value. CONCLUSIONS We successfully developed an easy-to-use nomogram to predict the probability of PVT in patients with cirrhosis after splenectomy. The nomogram can help clinicians make timely, individualized clinical decisions for PVT in patients with cirrhosis after splenectomy.

6.
Neurochem Res ; 46(6): 1423-1434, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675461

RESUMO

A growing number of studies have shown that air fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution is closely associated with neuroinflammation in humans. Militarine, a glucosyloxybenzyl 2-isobutylmalate compound isolated from Bletilla striata, has been found to exert significant neuroprotective effects. However, the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects of militarine on PM2.5-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells have not been reported. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of militarine against PM2.5-induced cytotoxicity and its mechanism in BV-2 microglial cells. Our results revealed that pretreatment with 0.31-1.25 µg/mL militarine reversed the morphological changes caused by PM2.5 and decreased proinflammatory cytokine generation and gene expression in PM2.5-treated BV-2 cells. In particular, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 expression was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. Notably, militarine markedly inhibited the upregulation of Toll-like receptor 4, Toll-like receptor 2, and cyclo-oxygenase-2 expression at both the mRNA and protein levels and reduced NF-κB pathway-associated protein expression. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that militarine suppressed NF-κB activity through inhibiting p65 nuclear translocation. Our data suggested that militarine alleviated neuroinflammation in BV-2 microglial cells, possibly by inhibiting the expression of neuroinflammatory cytokines through the TLR/NF-κB signaling pathway. Additionally, militarine significantly reduced PM2.5-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and cell apoptosis and restored the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; ΔΨm). Collectively, these findings demonstrate that militarine played a protective role against PM2.5-induced damage in BV-2 cells by exerting anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiapoptotic effects.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Succinatos/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Núcleo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo
8.
Steroids ; 163: 108726, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889051

RESUMO

The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the estrogenic properties of total flavonoids (TFs) and five flavonoid monomers (cardamonin (Car), pinostrobin chalcone (PC), wogonin (Wo), chrysin (Chr) and Pinocembrin (PI)) from leaves of Carya cathayensis Sarg (LCC). TFs from LCC were isolated and determined using HPLC. The 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and flow cytometry were performed to assess the effects of flavonoids on cell proliferation and cell cycle, respectively. The molecular docking technique was applied to investigate binding conformations of the monomers from LCC to the estrogen receptor ERα and ERß. Gene and protein expression patterns were assessed using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot, respectively. The results showed that TFs, Car, PC, Wo and Chr promoted proliferation of MCF-7 cells and cell transition from the G1 to S phase, and inhabitation of MCF-7 cell proliferation was observed after the treatment of PI. Molecular docking studies confirmed ERs as molecular targets for the monomers. TFs, Car, PC, Wo and Chr from LCC promoted gene expression of ERα, ERß, progesterone receptor (PR) and pS2. Our collective results demonstrated that TFs and monomers from LCC may exert ER agonist activity through competitively bind to ER, inducing ER upregulation and active ER to estrogen response element (ERE)- independent gene regulation. As an abundant natural product, LCC may provide a novel medicinal source for treatment of diseases caused by estrogen deficiency.

9.
Chin Med Sci J ; 35(3): 254-261, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972503

RESUMO

Objective To compare the similarities and differences of early CT manifestations of three types of viral pneumonia induced by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19), SARS-CoV (SARS) and MERS-CoV (MERS) using a systemic review. Methods Electronic database were searched to identify all original articles and case reports presenting chest CT features for adult patients with COVID-19, SARS and MERS pneumonia respectively. Quality of literature and completeness of presented data were evaluated by consensus reached by three radiologists. Vote-counting method was employed to include cases of each group. Data of patients' manifestations in early chest CT including lesion patterns, distribution of lesions and specific imaging signs for the three groups were extracted and recorded. Data were compared and analyzed using SPSS 22.0. Results A total of 24 studies were included, composing of 10 studies of COVID-19, 5 studies of MERS and 9 studies of SARS. The included CT exams were 147, 40, and 122 respectively. For the early CT features of the 3 pneumonias, the basic lesion pattern with respect to "mixed ground glass opacity (GGO) and consolidation, GGO mainly, or consolidation mainly" was similar among the 3 groups (χ2=7.966, P>0.05). There were no significant differences on the lesion distribution (χ2=13.053, P>0.05) and predominate involvement of the subpleural area of bilateral lower lobes (χ 2=4.809, P>0.05) among the 3 groups. The lesions appeared more focal in COVID-19 pneumonia at early phase (χ 2=23.509, P<0.05). The proportions of crazy-paving pattern (χ 2=23.037, P<0.001), organizing pneumonia pattern (P<0.05) and pleural effusions (P<0.001) in COVID-19 pneumonia were significantly lower than the other two. Although rarely shown in the early CT findings of all three viral pneumonias, the fibrotic changes were more frequent in SARS than COVID-19 and MERS (χ 2=6.275, P<0.05). For other imaging signs, only the MERS pneumonia demonstrated tree-in-buds, cavitation, and its incidence rate of interlobular or intralobular septal thickening presented significantly increased as compared to the other two pneumonia (χ 2=22.412, P<0.05). No pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and lymphadenopathy was present for each group. Conclusions Imaging findings on early stage of these three coronavirus pneumonias showed similar basic lesion patterns, including GGO and consolidation, bilateral distribution, and predominant involvement of the subpleural area and the lower lobes. Early signs of COVID-19 pneumonia showed less severity of inflammation. Early fibrotic changes appeared in SARS only. MERS had more severe inflammatory changes including cavitation and pleural effusion. The differences may indicate the specific pathophysiological processes for each coronavirus pneumonia.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Vírus da SARS , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , COVID-19 , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 157: 111331, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658695

RESUMO

Dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) enrichment accompanied by silicate deficiency in seawater can promote dinoflagellate growth over diatom growth and induce further negative ecological consequences. Here, we propose an easily exercisable method for silicate fertilization as a remedy of eutrophication. In the laboratory, rice husk ash (RHA) released silicate and phosphate in an atomic ratio range of 38-113 without a significant influence on DIN. During incubations of silicate-limited waters, low-dose fertilization increased the diatom/dinoflagellate ratio by 1-5 times. With the high-dose fertilizer addition, DIN, with an initial concentration of 7.63 ±â€¯0.95 µmol l-1, was exhausted in three days, and the diatom abundance increased by 19 times on the 5th day. The silicate fertilization method presented here can be applied independently in eutrophicated waters for dinoflagellate suppression and dissolved nitrogen removal; this method could also work as a supplementary measure to existing nutrient (N, P) reduction and biomanipulation efforts.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas , Proliferação de Células , Desnitrificação , Eutrofização , Fertilizantes , Nitrogênio , Fitoplâncton , Água do Mar , Silicatos
11.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233629, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The expression of the L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) plays a significant role in tumor progression. However, it remains unclear whether high LAT1 expression correlates with poor prognosis of solid tumor patients. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis to assess the potential of LAT1 in predicting the prognosis of tumor patients. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A total of 4,579 cases were analyzed from 35 qualified studies. In patients with solid tumors, elevated expression of LAT1 is associated with poor prognosis (overall survival [OS]: pooled hazard ratio (HR) = 1.848, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.620-2.108, P < 0.001; disease free survival [DFS]: pooled HR = 1.923, 95% CI = 1.585-2.333, P < 0.001; progression free survival [PFS]: pooled HR = 1.345, 95% CI = 1.133-1.597, P = 0.001). Furthermore, in subgroup analysis, we found an association between high LAT1 expression and poor OS in non-small cell lung cancer (HR = 1.554, 95% CI = 1.345-1.794, P < 0.001), pancreatic cancer (HR = 2.052, 95% CI = 1.613-2.724, P < 0.001) and biliary tract cancer (HR = 2.253, 95% CI = 1.562-3.227, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results of this meta-analysis indicate the reliability and potential of using LAT1 expression as a predictive biomarker in solid cancers prior to treatment. However, further studies with larger sample sizes would be beneficial for fully evaluating the predictive value of LAT1 expression for clinical applications.


Assuntos
Transportador 1 de Aminoácidos Neutros Grandes/análise , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
12.
Bioresour Technol ; 292: 122077, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477347

RESUMO

In this work, alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP) solution with 1 wt% H2O2 was electrogenerated by oxygen reduction with a current efficiency of 75.2% in a home-made gas diffusion electrode-based electrochemical cell and used for rice straw pretreatment (0.1 g H2O2/g rice straw, 10% (w/v) biomass loading, 55 °C, 2 h). Results showed that the AHP pretreatment removed 97.56% of the initial lignin, 85.75% of the initial hemicellulose, and only 0.56% of the initial cellulose, and the specific surface area and porosity of the AHP pretreated rice straw (AHP-RS) were greatly increased. Saccharification results showed that after 48 h of enzymatic hydrolysis AHP-RS achieved a 3.2-fold increase in reducing sugar concentration compared to the untreated rice straw (5.81 and 1.81 g L-1), highlighting the potential use of this AHP solution for lignocellulose pretreatment.


Assuntos
Celulase , Oryza , Celulose , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Hidrólise , Lignina
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(12): e0144, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29561419

RESUMO

The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been presented to be a prognostic indicator in several types of cancer. However, these issues have not been concluded yet. The present study was therefore performed to determine the prognostic value of NLR and PLR in gastric cancer (GC).A total of 182 GC patients, diagnosed between January 2011 and January 2014, were enrolled in the study. The clinicopathological parameters, laboratory analyses, and outcomes were collected. The association between NLR, PLR, and clinicopathological characters was analyzed with univariate and multivariate analyses.NLR was significantly related to age (P = .026), surgery (P = .006), node status (P = .004), and clinical stage (P = .009). The median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were poor in the High-NLR group (OS: 36.0 vs 20.5 months, P < .001, PFS: 33.0 vs 12.0 months, P < .001) and High-PLR group (OS: 31.5 vs 18.5 months, P = .003, PFS: 26.0 vs 11.0 months, P = .01). Multivariate analyses indicated both surgery [for OS hazard ratio (HR) = 2.092, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.345-3.253, P = .001; for PFS HR = 1.939, 95% CI: 1.259-2.988, P = .003] and NLR (for OS HR = 1.585, 95% CI: 1.011-2.485, P = .045) were independent prognostic factors.Elevated NLR and PLR were related with poor prognosis in GC patients before treatment. The NLR was an independent prognostic factor for OS. More studies should be conducted to address the potential prognostic value of NLR and PLR in GC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Neoplasias Gástricas/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Plaquetas , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfócitos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neutrófilos , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
16.
Tumour Biol ; 39(5): 1010428317701627, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28475014

RESUMO

Receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 is an enzyme-linked receptor which specifically modulates WNT5A signaling and plays an important role in tumorigenesis, invasion, and metastasis; however, the precise role of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 in cancer is controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression and role of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 in ovarian carcinoma and clarify the biological functions and interactions of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 with non-canonical Wnt pathways in ovarian cancer. The result of the human ovary tissue microarray revealed that the receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2-positive rate increased in malignant epithelial ovarian cancers and was extremely higher in the metastatic tumor tissues, which was also higher than that in the malignant ovarian tumor tissues. In addition, high expression of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 was closely related with ovarian cancer grading. The expression of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 protein was higher in SKOV3 and A2780 cells than OVCAR3 and 3AO cells. Knockdown of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 inhibited ovarian cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and induced morphologic as well as digestive state alterations in stably transfected SKOV3 cells. Detailed study further revealed that silencing of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 reversed the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and inhibited non-canonical Wnt signaling. Our findings suggest that receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 may be an important regulator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, primarily regulated the non-canonical Wnt signaling pathway in ovarian cancer cells, and may display a promising therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Receptores Órfãos Semelhantes a Receptor Tirosina Quinase/biossíntese , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Receptores Órfãos Semelhantes a Receptor Tirosina Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Wnt-5a/biossíntese , Proteína Wnt-5a/genética
17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2016: 9842619, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27034956

RESUMO

Although periostin was confirmed to facilitate the pathogenesis of endometriosis by enhancing the migration, invasion, and adhesion of human endometrial stromal cells (ESCs), its effect on the endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) is still unknown. The current study aimed to determine whether periostin enhanced the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of EECs. EECs were isolated from 12 women with endometriosis. The migration and invasion abilities of EECs were evaluated by transwell assays. Expressions of proteins were detected by western blot. After treatment with periostin, the migration and invasion abilities of EECs were enhanced. Additionally, E-cadherin and keratin were downregulated while N-cadherin and vimentin were upregulated in EECs. Simultaneously, levels of ILK, p-Akt, slug, and Zeb1 were all upregulated in EECs. After silencing the expression of ILK in EECs, levels of p-Akt, slug, Zeb1, N-cadherin, and vimentin were downregulated while E-cadherin and keratin were upregulated. Although periostin weakened the above effects in EECs after silencing the expression of ILK, it failed to induce the EMT of EECs. Thus, periostin enhanced invasion and migration abilities of EECs and facilitated the EMT of EECs through ILK-Akt signaling pathway. Playing a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis, periostin may be a new clinical therapy target for endometriosis.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética , Endometriose/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Tumores do Estroma Endometrial/genética , Tumores do Estroma Endometrial/patologia , Endometriose/metabolismo , Endometriose/patologia , Endométrio/metabolismo , Endométrio/patologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/biossíntese , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/biossíntese , Transdução de Sinais/genética
18.
Chin J Integr Med ; 22(1): 9-18, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26424292

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of Moluodan () in treating dysplasia in chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) patients. METHODS: This was a multi-centered, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. The total of 196 subjects were assigned to receive either Moluodan or folic acid in a 2:1 ratio by blocked randomization. Mucosa marking targeting biopsy (MTB) was used to insure the accuracy and consistency between baseline and after 6-month treatment. Primary outcomes were histological score, response rate of pathological lesions and dysplasia disappearance rate. Secondary endpoints included gastroscopic findings, clinical symptom and patient reported outcome (PRO) instrument. RESULTS: Dysplasia score decreased in Moluodan group (P =0.002), significance was found between groups (P =0.045). Dysplasia disappearance rates were 24.6% and 15.2% in Moluodan and folic acid groups respectively, no significant differences were found (P =0.127). The response rate of atrophy and intestinal metaplasia were 34.6% and 23.0% in Moluodan group, 24.3% and 13.6% in folic acid group. Moluodan could improve erythema (P =0.044), and bile reflux (P =0.059), no significance between groups. Moluodan was better than folic acid in improving epigastric pain, epigastric suffocation, belching and decreased appetite (P <0.05), with symptom disappearance rates of 37% to 83%. CONCLUSIONS: Moluodan improved dysplasia score in histopathology, and erythema and bile reflux score in endoscopy, and superior to folic acid in improving epigastric pain, epigastric suffocation, belching and decreased appetite. [ChiCTR-TRC-00000169].


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Gastrite Atrófica/tratamento farmacológico , Gastrite Atrófica/patologia , Doença Crônica , Método Duplo-Cego , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Feminino , Gastrite Atrófica/microbiologia , Gastroscopia , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 35(8): 2212-6, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26672296

RESUMO

Using three-dimensional fluorescence technology, we studied fluorescent characteristics of two polluted rivers by a surface flow+vertical flow combined constructed wetlands of dissolving organic matter. The results showed that (1) the main sources of water-soluble humic organic matter in constructed wetland was biological metabolic input instead of terrigenous input; (2) in the later section of the surface flow constructed wetland, part of proteinoid substance changed into fulvic acid-like substance, which showed that the composition of dissolved organic matter and material structure tended to be stable after surface flow combined constructed wetland treatment; (3) it was of great significance that surface flow constructed wetland in structure transformation of water soluble organic matter, which could significantly improve the stability of water soluble organic matter. Surface flow+vertical flow combined constructed wetland process of dissolved organic matter had a good removal effect.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Compostos Orgânicos/análise , Áreas Alagadas , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(12): 2289-92, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26591511

RESUMO

To solve the issues of costly planting of facility cultivation method and inferior efficacy than wild herbs of Dendrobium officinale, the cliff epiphytic cultivation method was studied. To research the growth, agronomic traits, yield, polysaccharide and alcohol-soluble extract contents were measured on the D. officinale from different water regulation and cliff slope gradients treatments. The results showed that D. officinale epiphytic at 85 degrees-90 degrees cliff and sprayed water 1-2 h x d(-1) at the growing season can get better growth and obtain high yield, and the morphology has no different from wild cliff D. officinale, even in the environments without shade. The contents of polysaccharide and alcohol-soluble extract are closely related to the physiological ages, but significantly higher than the facility cultivation. It is possible that environmental stresses benefit the accumulation of polysaccharides, alcohol-soluble extract and other efficient ingredients.


Assuntos
Agricultura/métodos , Dendrobium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dendrobium/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Polissacarídeos/análise , Água/análise
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