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Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(11)2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671586


It is essential to develop a novel and versatile strategy for constructing electrically conductive adhesives (ECAs) that have superior conductivity and high mechanical properties. In this work, easily synthesized polyaniline@cellulose (PANI@CNs) nanowhiskers with a high aspect ratio and excellent solubility in 1,4-dioxane were prepared and added to conventional Ag-containing adhesives. A small amount of PANI@CNs can dramatically tune the structure of the ECAs' conductive network and significantly improve the conductivity of the ECAs. Good solubility of PANI@CNs in solvents brings excellent dispersion in the polymer matrix. Thus, a three-dimensional (3D) conducting network formed with dispersed PANI@CNs and Ag flakes can enhance the conductivity of ECAs. The conductivity of the ECAs (with 1.5 wt% PANI@CNs and 55 wt% Ag flakes) showed three orders of magnitude higher than that of the ECAs filled with 55 wt% Ag flakes and 65 wt% Ag flakes. Meanwhile, the integration of PANI@CNs with Ag flakes in polymer matrices also significantly enhanced the mechanical compliance of the resulted ECAs. The resistivity remained unchanged after rolling the PANI@CNs-containing ECAs' film into a 4 mm bending radius for over 1500 cycles. A bendable printed circuit was fabricated using the above PANI@CNs-containing ECAs, which demonstrated their future potential in the field of flexible electronics.

ACS Omega ; 4(2): 4169-4175, 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31459626


In this study, a simple solution-mixing method is used to develop a kind of excellent flexible, electrically conductive adhesives (ECAs). Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon blacks (CBs) as cofillers were added into Ag-based pastes. The use of the two fillers is due to the consideration that these two materials may provide positive synergistic effects for improving the conductivity of ECAs. The conductivity, flexibility, cyclability, and oxidation resistance of ECAs with different contents of carbon fillers were studied. It was found that a small amount of CNTs or CBs can dramatically improve the ECAs' conductivity. Solution-mixing method brings excellent carbon nanofiller dispersion in polymer matrix. Highly dispersed CNTs and CBs among the Ag flakes formed three-dimensional conducting networks to improve the conductivity of ECAs. The conductivity of ternary hybrid ECAs (with addition of 3 wt % CNTs and 2 wt % CBs) with a low content of 55 wt % Ag flakes is higher than that of the ECAs filled with only the Ag content over 65 wt %. Meanwhile, by selecting thermoplastic polyurethane resin as the matrix, the ECAs exhibited excellent mechanical compliance. The resistivity did not change when the ECAs were bended at a 60% flexural strain or pressed under 1200 kPa. Additionally, the adhesion strength of the new composited ECAs is better than that of a commercial ECA (Abletherm 3188). Further, no obvious conductivity change was observed when the sample was stored in ambient air condition at 80 °C and 60% relative humidity (60%) for 15 days.

Exp Ther Med ; 5(6): 1657-1662, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23837049


The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in serum pituitary hormone levels and the mechanism of hyponatremia in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Nuclear medical tests and serum electrolyte monitoring were performed in 49 aneurysmal SAH cases and 10 healthy volunteers. The levels of serum pituitary hormones were significantly higher in the SAH patients compared with the control group on days 1-3 and 7-9 after SAH onset (P<0.05). The peak value occurred on days 7-9. The rate of hyponatremia was 49.0% in the 49 SAH patients. The incidence of severe hyponatremia was significantly higher in Fisher grades III-IV and Hunt-Hess grades III-IV compared with Fisher grades I-II and Hunt-Hess grades I-II, respectively (P<0.05). There was no correlation between the site of aneurysm and the rate of hyponatremia. The incidence of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm was significantly higher in the hyponatremia group and Fisher grades III-IV compared with the normal serum sodium group and Fisher grades I-II, respectively. Serum pituitary hormone levels were positively correlated with blood loss and disease severity in patients with aneurysmal SAH. Hyponatremia may be considered an important indicator of SAH. SAH patients are likely to benefit from intense monitoring and regulation of serum sodium.