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Biosci Rep ; 39(5)2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064817


Background: Circulating microRNAs (miRNA) are steady preserved in blood plasma. Multiple evidences have shown that miRNAs play a crucial role in cardiovascular disease including miRNA-378, which has been illustrated to participate in diverse physiological and pathological processes of cardiovascular disease. In the present study, we aim to explore the expression of plasma miRNA-378 and its clinical significance in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods: MiRNA-378 expression in blood plasma was performed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) in 215 CAD patients and 52 matched controls of healthy populations. Medical information of all patients including the results of coronary angiography (CAG) was acquired through hospital information system (HIS). Spearman's correlation, binary linear regression, and covariance analysis were used to examine the association between miRNA-378 and relative clinical risk factors. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was applied to evaluate the value of miRNA-378 in predicting the disease severity of coronary lesion.Results: Plasma miR-378 expression was significantly down-regulated in CAD patients compared with healthy controls. Relative miR-378 level was shown conversely correlated with Gensini score, which present the severity of coronary artery lesions. Moreover, it is indicated that miR-378 expression can effectively distinguish patients with or without coronary artery stenosis.Conclusions: Plasma miR-378 levels appear to be a promising non-invasive biomarker, but require to be further validated by a large cohort study in future.