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1.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 51(1): 39-43, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979752

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the pathological characteristics of singleton placenta with abnormal shape and its influence on the outcome of maternal-fetal pregnancy. Methods: The clinicopathological data of singleton placentas with abnormal shape from January 2014 to December 2020 in the Department of Pathology, Haidian Maternal and Children Health Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Results: There were 130 singleton placentas with abnormal shape in this cohort, including 48 succenturiate placentas, 12 bilobed placentas, 50 marginate placentas, 13 circumvallate placentas, 3 annular placentas, 2 membranous placentas and 2 fenestrated placentas. Gestational age ranged from 29+5 to 40+4 weeks. There were 51 cases of premature rupture of membranes, 11 cases of placenta previa, 5 cases of placental abruption, 15 cases of placental adhesion/implantation and 27 cases of postpartum hemorrhage. There were 46 preterm fetuses,28 fetuses with fetal growth restriction, 22 fetuses with intrauterine distress, and 1 fetus with intrauterine death. Grossly, the placental lobules of succenturiate placentas had apparent size difference, while two lobules of bilobate placenta were more consistent. The chorionic plate size was smaller than the bottom plate of circumvallate placenta, the folded fetal membrane in the rim of placenta was thickened (termed marginate placenta if there was no thickening). The membranous placenta was characterized by a thin, large membrane-like shape. Annular placenta showed characteristic hollow cylinder, ring or horseshoe-shape. Fenestrated placenta was characterized by tissue defects near central area. Microscopically, functional/morphologic changes were the main manifestations of inadequate maternal-fetal perfusion, including villous infarction, distal villous dysplasia and excessive villous maturation. Conclusions: The abnormal shaped singleton placentas showed variable extent of inadequate maternal-fetal perfusion, which may lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes such as premature delivery, fetal growth restriction, intrauterine distress or fetal death.


Assuntos
Doenças Placentárias , Placenta , Criança , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(12): 1491-1495, 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34963249

RESUMO

To assess the positive predictive value (PPV) of extended noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT-plus) for fetal chromosomal abnormalities. This retrospective research enrolled 511 cases of pregnant women with positive NIPT-plus results at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from May 2017 to January 2021. Karyotype analysis and chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) techniques was applied for verification. All cases were followed to determine their pregnancy outcome. The Chi-square test was used in PPV. 63 out of 511 refused prenatal diagnosis after counseling, 448 pregnant women with prenatal diagnosis showed that the PPVs of NIPT-plus test for fetal trisomy 21, 18 and 13 (T21, T18, T13), sex chromosome aneuploidy (SCAs) and chromosome microdeletion/microduplication syndrome (MMS) were 86.0% (92/107), 79.5% (35/44), 54.5% (12/22), 39.5% (75/190), and 41.7% (30/72), respectively. The results revealed that the PPV was higher among older pregnant women compared to young pregnant women (77.8% vs. 51.9%,P<0.01). With increasing maternal age, the PPV of NIPT-plus presented increasing trends for T21, T13, and composite PPV except for T18 or SCAs. In addition, the termination rates for confirmed SCAs fetal karyotypes 45, X; 47, XXX; 47, XXY and 47, XYY were 11/11, 3/15, 91.7% (22/24) and 1/14, respectively. NIPT-plus can safely and effectively detect fetal chromosomal abnormalities and can be extended to MMS screening, significantly reducing the proportion of interventional prenatal diagnoses, and those with positive screening still require further confirmation.


Assuntos
Teste Pré-Natal não Invasivo , Aneuploidia , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aberrações dos Cromossomos Sexuais
3.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(12): 1224-1229, 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915657

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect and satisfaction of partially edentulous patients restored with posterior implant-supported single crown by digital impression technique and traditional silicon rubber impression, in order to provide clinical reference. Methods: Sixty-four partially edentulous patients who visited the Department of Prosthodontics, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University between March 2018 and January 2021 were enrolled. There were 31 male and 33 female, and the age of the group of patients was (49.3±13.3) years. The 113 implants placed in this group of patients were divided into digital impression group (n=70) and silicone rubber impression group (n=43) according to different impression techniques, and were restored with screw-retained full zirconia single crown, and the patients were followed up for 3-36 months after treatment. The implant survival rate, upper prosthesis, peri-implant soft tissue status, marginal bone loss and patients satisfaction were recorded to evaluate the clinical effects of two impression techniques in posterior implant-supported single crown. Results: In sixty-four patients, digital impression accounted for 62% (40/64), and silicon rubber impression accounted for 38% (24/64), the survival rate of 113 implants was 100% (113/113). The prevalence of interproximal contact loss, food impaction and mechanical complication of the upper full zirconia single crown restorations were 22.7% (41/181), 8.0% (9/113) and 2.7% (3/113) separately. All the mechanical complications were abutment screw loosening. All patients maintained good oral hygiene status, the incidences of peri-implantitis and peri-implant mucositis were 0.9% (1/113) and 4.4% (5/113) respectively. The marginal bone loss was (0.24±0.11) mm. The median of satisfaction visual analogue scale score in patients was 9-10, but no statistically significant differences of all the above results were observed between the two impression techniques (P>0.05). Conclusions: The clinical effect of partially edentulous patients restored with posterior implant-supported single crown using two different impression techniques is good and the satisfaction of patients is high, but the long-term clinical effect remains to be further observed.


Assuntos
Coroas , Silício , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próteses e Implantes
4.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(12): 1261-1266, 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915662

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a dental fluorosis model of SD rats with various degrees, to observe the microstructures of enamel samples under scanning electron microscope and to clarify the changes of enamel microstructures with various degrees of dental fluorosis, so as to provide clinical reference for the treatment of patients with moderate and severe dental fluorosis. Methods: Thirty male SD rats (6 weeks of age) were randomly divided into 3 groups with 10 rats in each group. The control group was fed with deionized water without fluoride, the low fluoride group was fed with 50 mg/L NaF deionized water and the high fluoride group was fed with 100 mg/L NaF deionized water in order to establish the dental fluorosis model of rats. After feeding for 6 weeks, the rats were sacrificed and the mandibular incisor teeth were collected and recorded. The surface and sagittal plane of each tooth were observed by scanning electron microscopy and the enamel thickness was measured. Results: In the control group, the enamel color was brown yellow. Enamel color discoloration occurred both in low-fluoride group and high-fluoride group. The enamel color in low-fluoride group was mostly yellow and white striped while in high-fluoride group was mostly chalky white. Under electronic microscope, the enamel rods were alternately arranged and their structure was clear and plump in the control group. The enamel rods of moderate fluorosis were arranged in a straight orientation like tips of bamboo shoots. The enamel rods of severe fluorosis, however, became thinner and the tips of rods were broken. In the control group, sagittal images of enamel turned out to be a dense outer structure with clear boundaries among the inner. The structure of the middle layer was reticulated showing a clear boundary with middle and outer layers. The structure of enamel rods in the inner layers was arranged vertically and horizontally. In the moderate fluorosis group, the outer layer of the enamel became thinner and the middle layer disappeared although the boundary between the outer and middle layers was still clear. In the inner layer, the vertically arranged enamel rods seemed still clear, however the horizontal enamel rods disappeared. In the severe fluorosis group, the outer layer could not be traced. The middle layer was exposed to the air and the inner enamel rods contracted. The inner layers of the enamel had gradually become thinner with the development of the dental fluorosis. The thicknesses of inner layers in control, moderate and the severe groups were (180.71±7.01), (157.10±11.04) and (121.10±12.56) µm respectively. As for the thicknesses of the full layers in the above mentioned three groups, the same trend was observed. The thicknesses, in order of the severity of dental fluorosis, were (241.54±7.76), (207.42±14.36) and (143.79±14.60) µm. Conclusions: With the development of dental fluorosis, the outer enamel layers became thinner or disappeared and the inner enamel layers became thinner or lost its normal structure as well. It is highly recommended that the resin penetration could be used for the proper treatment of moderate and severe dental fluorosis and the strong bleaching and the micro-grinding should be used cautiously.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Flúor , Fluorose Dentária , Animais , Esmalte Dentário , Fluoretos , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(43): 3542-3548, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808745

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the accuracy, efficacy and safety of 3D-printed personalized navigation template in the treatment of thoracic postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) with dorsal root ganglion pulsed radiofrequency (DRG-PRF). Methods: A total of 63 patients with thoracic PHN from March 2019 to December 2020 in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School were enrolled and randomly divided into study group (n=31) and control group (n=32) by random number table method. The study group received DRG-PRF treatment assisted by 3D-printed navigation template, while the control group received DRG-PRF treatment guided by conventional CT. The one-time success rate of puncture, the incidence of puncture times ≥3, the number of punctures, puncture time, visual analogue scale (VAS) score and surgical complications between the two groups were compared. Results: The one-time success rate of puncture in study group was 84.9% (79/93), which was higher than that of control group [30.2% (29/96)] (P<0.001). The incidence of puncture times ≥3, the number of punctures, puncture time in study group were 4.3% (4/93), 1 (1, 1) and 2.9 (2.8, 3.0) min, respectively, which were lower than that of the control group [21.9% (21/96), 2(1, 3), 9.0 (4.5, 12.9) min, respectively] (all P<0.01). No difference was found in VAS score at each time point before and after surgery between the two groups (all P>0.05). There was one case of pleura puncture in the control group, but no other complications such as straying into vertebral canal, hematoma, spinal cord injury, limb movement disorder, infection were found in the two groups. Conclusions: 3D-printed personalized navigation template is an effective method to guide DRG-PRF for the treatment of thoracic postherpetic neuralgia. It can significantly improve the surgical efficiency of DRG-PRF, but has no significant effect on the surgical efficacy.


Assuntos
Neuralgia Pós-Herpética , Tratamento por Radiofrequência Pulsada , Gânglios Espinais , Humanos , Manejo da Dor , Impressão Tridimensional
6.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 72(3)2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810288

RESUMO

In this study, the effect of the Tongxin formula (TXF) on the apoptosis of H9c2 cardiomyocytes induced by cobalt chloride (CoCl2) was investigated, and the potential mechanism was explored. A hypoxic injury model of H9c2 cardiomyocytes was established using CoCl2. The cell viability was measured using a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and caspase-3 activity were measured using spectrophotometry. The apoptosis was measured via Annexin V-FITC/PI staining and flow cytometry. The changes in the mitochondrial membrane potential were examined using immunofluorescence microscopy following the loading of JC-1 probes. The expressions of apoptosis-related proteins and key proteins in the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway were examined via immunoblotting. The different TXF concentrations studied significantly improved the percentage of viability of cardiomyocytes with hypoxic injury, and the LDH release, apoptotic rate, caspase-3 activity, and levels of cleaved caspase-3 protein were reduced in the injured cells. Additionally, the TXF group had increased mitochondrial membrane potential, upregulated expression of Bcl-2 and p-Akt proteins, and significantly reduced expression of cleaved caspase-3 protein in the cells with hypoxic injury. Moreover, in the TXF group, the treatment significantly reduced the BAX protein expression, but the difference was not statistically significant compared with the CoCl2 group. In this study, TXF regulated the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, inhibited apoptosis, increased the mitochondrial membrane potential, and alleviated damage to the mitochondrial membrane, thereby protecting the cardiomyocytes from hypoxic injury. The underlying mechanism could be related to activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and upregulation of the Bcl-2 protein.

7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1160-1166, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814525

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the differences in body mass index (BMI) distribution in adult twins registered in Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR), and provide evidence for the risk factor analysis and prevention and control of overweight or obesity. Methods: A total of 32 725 twin pairs aged 18 years and above who completed the questionnaire survey during 2010-2018 and had complete registered information in CNTR and normal body weight and length were included in the analysis on the population and region specific distributions of BMI of twin pairs and the difference in BMI in twin pairs. Results: The twin pairs included in the analysis were aged (34.6±12.4) years, the twin pairs of same gender accounted for 79.7%. The average BMI was 22.5 kg/m2. The overall prevalence of obesity and overweight was 4.9% and 23.7%, respectively. Participants who were men, 50-59 years old, married, had lower education level, and lived in northern China had higher overweight rate and obesity rate (P<0.001). The difference in overweight or obesity prevalence between monozygotic (MZ) twin pars and dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs was not significant, but firstborn twin pairs had slightly higher rates of overweight and obesity than later-born twin pairs (P<0.05). The analysis in same gender-twin pairs indicated that the difference in BMI was associated with age (trend test: P<0.001), and the difference was more obvious in DZ twin pair in MZ pair and this difference increased with age. The concordant rate of BMI was higher in MZ twin pairs than DZ twin pairs (P<0.05). Conclusion: The distribution of BMI of twin pairs varied with population and region and BMI varied with age due to its genetic nature.


Assuntos
Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1167-1173, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814526

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the modification effect of physical activity on the genetic effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: The univariate moderation model was fitted to calculate the modifying effect of physical activity on the genetic effects of T2DM based on the data of 12 107 pairs of same gender twins aged 30 years and older enrolled by the Chinese National Twin Registry in 11 provinces/cities in China. Results: After adjusting for age and gender, the heritability of T2DM was 0.56 (0.31-0.84). Qualified physical activity could attenuate the genetic effects of T2DM. The heritability of T2DM in twin pairs with qualified physical activity was 0.46 (0.06-0.88), which was lower than that in twin pairs without qualified physical activity during the same model [0.68(0.36-0.94)]. Conclusion: T2DM is a moderate genetic disease, physical activity can modify the genetic effects of T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 1235-1239, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814537

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the influence and related lag effects of meteorological factors on scrub typhus (ST) in southwestern Yunnan, to provide a reference for the corresponding prevention and treatment measures. Methods: Data on ST and meteorology in Yunnan province from 2007 to 2018 were collected. A distributed lag nonlinear model was conducted to study the cumulative lag effects of temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall on ST. Results: From 2007-2018, a total of 19 975 ST cases were reported in southwestern Yunnan. Weekly mean temperature, mean relative humidity, and the risk of ST all showed J-shaped curves. The cumulative risk of ST increased with mean temperature >23 ℃, mean relative humidity >80%, and cumulative rainfall between 20 and 60 mm or over 100 mm, weekly. Taking the median value as the reference, higher temperature (22.27 ℃, 23.45 ℃), relative humidity (80.14%, 84.38%) and rainfall (37.17 mm, 74.42 mm) all increased the risk of disease while lower temperature (11.22 ℃,14.83 ℃), relative humidity (53.18%,65.36%) and rainfall (0.00 mm,0.55 mm) showed opposite effects. The temperature-lag effect lasted for 10 and 16 weeks, respectively, with ST's risk the highest during the week of exposure. Humidity-lag effects usually last for 10 and 17 weeks. The lag effect of rainfall lasted for 25 weeks, while the disease's risk was the highest in the 4th week. Conclusion: Factors as temperature, relative humidity, and precipitation showed nonlinear and lag effects on ST. High temperature, high relative humidity, and an appropriate amount of rainfalls increase the risk of ST. The authorities of public health should implement effective prevention and control measures according to meteorological conditions.


Assuntos
Tifo por Ácaros , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Umidade , Incidência , Conceitos Meteorológicos , Tifo por Ácaros/epidemiologia
10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1573-1579, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814586

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the gene-body mass index (BMI) interaction on coronary heart disease (CHD) in the Chinese adult twins. Methods: A total of 20 340 same-sex twin pairs registered in the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR) were enrolled in this study. Classical twin structure equation model was used to estimate the gene-BMI interaction on CHD. Results: After adjusting for age, we found that genetic variance of CHD differed as the function of BMI in male twins, which indicated the presence of a gene-BMI interaction on CHD (P=0.008).The genetic moderating effect (ßa) was -0.14 (95%CI: -0.22--0.04), indicating that for each logarithmic transformation value of BMI increase, genetic path parameters would decrease by 0.14, which would result in the decrease of genetic variance of CHD. And the heritability of CHD was 0.77 (95%CI: 0.65-0.86) among the male twins with lower BMI (<24.0 kg/m2), but 0.56 (95%CI: 0.33-0.74) among the male twins with high BMI (≥24.0 kg/m2). However, there was no evidence suggesting that BMI could moderate genetic variants of CHD in female. Conclusion: We found a significant gene-BMI interaction on CHD in the Chinese male adult twins in China, and the heritability of CHD was higher among the twins whose BMI was <24.0 kg/m2.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/genética , Doenças em Gêmeos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
11.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(10): 1763-1768, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814609

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of a local outbreak of COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617.2(Delta) variant in Liwan district, Guangzhou, and provide evidence for the further prevention and control of the Delta variant of COVID-19. Methods: From May 21 to June 18, 2021, the incidence data of COVID-19 caused by Delta variant were obtained from National Notifiable Disease Report System of Chinese Disease Prevention and Control Information System and Liwan District Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Guangzhou.Frequency analysis (proportions), histograms, and percentage stacked area plots were used to describe the epidemiological characteristics of the outbreaks. The incubation period and time-varying reproduction numbers (Rt) estimations were used for the further analysis. Results: By June 18, 2021, a total of 127 COVID-19 cases caused by Delta variant was reported in Liwan district. The youngest case was aged 2 years and the oldest was aged 85 years. There were 18.9% (24/127) aged <18 years, 43.3% (55/127) aged 18-59 years, and 37.8% (48/127) aged ≥60 years, the male to female ratio of the cases was 1∶1.35 (54∶73). The cases were mainly retired people (32.3%, 41/127), the jobless or unemployed (18.1%, 23/127), and students (16.5%, 21/127). The infections mainly occurred in Baihedong (70.1%, 89/127) and Zhongnan street (23.6%, 30/127) communities in the southern area of Liwan district. The median incubation period of the Delta variant infection was 6 days (range: 1-15 days). The clinical classification were mainly common type (64.6%, 82/127). The basic reproduction number (R0) was 5.1, Rt which once increased to 7.3. The transmissions mainly occurred in confined spaces, such as home (26.8%), restaurant (29.1%), neighborhood (3.9%), and market (3.1%), the household clustering was predominant. Close contacts tracing (66.1%) and community screening (33.1%) were the main ways to find the infections. Conclusion: The COVID-19 outbreak caused by Delta variant in Liwan district of Guangzhou was highly contagious, with the obvious characteristics of household clustering and high proportions of cases in adults aged 18-59 years and elderly people aged ≥60 years.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , Idoso , Número Básico de Reprodução , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(20): 6158, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730188

RESUMO

The article "Clinical significance of PSMA, TERT and PDEF in malignant tumors of the prostate, by J. Situ, H. Zhang, L. Lu, K. Li, C. Hu, D.-J. Wang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2017; 21 (15): 3347-3352-PMID: 28829509" has been withdrawn from the authors due to inaccuracies in the research design. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/13198.

13.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637177

RESUMO

Insect midgut cadherins function as receptors and play critical roles as protein receptors of insecticidal Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxins used as biopesticides and in Bt transgenic crops worldwide. Here, we cloned and characterized the full-length midgut cadherin (CmCad) cDNA from the rice leaffolder (Cnaphalocrocis medinalis), a destructive pest of rice in many Asian countries. Expression of recombinant proteins corresponding to the extracellular domain of CmCad allowed testing binding of Cry proteins. Results from in vitro ligand blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays supported that the extracellular domain of CmCad contains regions recognized by both Cry1Ac and Cry2Aa. Molecular modelling and docking simulations indicated that binding to both Cry1Ac and Cry2Aa is localized primarily within a CmCad motif corresponding to residues T1417-D1435. A recombinant CmCad protein produced without residues T1417-D1435 lacked binding to Cry1Ac and Cry2Aa, confirmed our modelling predictions that CmCad has a shared Cry1Ac and Cry2Aa binding site. The potential existence of a shared binding region in CmCad suggests that caution should be taken when using combinations of Cry1Ac and Cry2Aa in pyramided transgenic rice, as their combined use could speed the evolution of resistance to both toxins.

14.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(10): 766-771, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619947

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the 2-year visual prognosis in Chinese type 2 diabetic patients with mild visual impairment and identify the predictors factors. Method: This was a 2-year population-based cohort study. The study population consisted of 650 type 2 diabetic patients with bilateral mild visual impairment in 2014 who were followed up in 2016. The demographic information, systemic and ophthalmological examination results for each participant was collected. Mild visual impairment was defined as best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA)<20/25 to ≥20/63, moderate and severe visual impairment was defined as BCVA<20/63 to ≥20/400, blindness was defined as BCVA<20/400 following the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) 2002 definition. The two-year visual prognosis was divided into three groups: visual impairment regression, progression, and stable. Using chi-square test or independent t-test, the predictor factors of visual prognosis and the leading causes of visual impairment were studied. Results: 605 patients completed the follow-up in 2016. Among them, 477 were still bilateral mild visual impairment, accounting for 78.8% (477/605). The level of unilateral or bilateral visual impairment regressed in 8.1% (49/605), while progressed in 13.1% (79/605). Young age (t=2.7, P<0.05), short duration of diabetes (t=2.5, P<0.05), low blood glycemic hemoglobin (t=2.5, P<0.05) and total cholesterol (t=2.8, P<0.05) were associated with regression of visual impairment. Low levels of education (t=5.2, P<0.05), high blood glycemic hemoglobin (t=2.4, P<0.05) and total cholesterol (t=2.4, P<0.05)were associated with progression of visual impairment. Cataracts and diabetic retinopathy were the first and second cause of mild, moderate severe visual impairment or blindness. Conclusions: The percentage of 2-year visual acuity decline is relatively high in type 2 diabetic patients with mild visual impairment. We should strengthen blood glucose and cholesterol control to reduce the progress of visual impairment.(Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 766-771).


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Retinopatia Diabética , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Seguimentos , Humanos , Prevalência , Transtornos da Visão
15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624957

RESUMO

Nighteen people at a restaurant experienced dizziness headaches and other discomforts in six days. According to the description method, the time and location distribution were found to be concentrated. A second Investigation was conducted at the same time as the onset of the case, the test found that the carbon monoxide concentration of second floor up to 539 mg/m(3). The on-site testing found that when 2 steam generator in snack room on the first floor turned on, the carbon monoxide concentration on the top of elevator on the second floor was 1225.0 mg/m(3). After the accident, the restaurant replaced a steam generator, the carbon monoxide concentration on the top of the new and old steam generator were 350 mg/m(3) and >1 000 mg/m(3), respectively. After the steam generators were fitted with exhaust smoke pipe and exhasust hood, the carbon monoxide concentrations of on the top of the vegetable transfer elevator and the room on the second floor were both 0.4 mg/m(3), and there were no cases of recurrence. It was determined that this was a carbon monoxide poisoning incident caused by a high concentration of carbon monoxide emitted by the steam generators, which spread to the second floor of the private room through the vegetable transfer elevator.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono , Acidentes , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/epidemiologia , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/etiologia , Cefaleia , Humanos , Fumaça
17.
18.
Mater Today Bio ; 12: 100127, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585135

RESUMO

Prevention of bacterial infection and reduction of hemorrhage, the primary challenges posed by trauma before hospitalization, are essential steps in prolonging the patient's life until they have been transported to a trauma center. Extracellular matrix (ECM) hydrogel is a promising biocompatible material for accelerating wound closure. However, due to the lack of antibacterial properties, this hydrogel is difficult to be applied to acute contaminated wounds. This study formulates an injectable dermal extracellular matrix hydrogel (porcine acellular dermal matrix (ADM)) as a scaffold for skin defect repair. The hydrogel combines vancomycin, an antimicrobial agent for inducing hemostasis, expediting antimicrobial activity, and promoting tissue repair. The hydrogel possesses a porous structure beneficial for the adsorption of vancomycin. The antimicrobial agent can be timely released from the hydrogel within an hour, which is less than the time taken by bacteria to infest an injury, with a cumulative release rate of approximately 80%, and thus enables a relatively fast bactericidal effect. The cytotoxicity investigation demonstrates the biocompatibility of the ADM hydrogel. Dynamic coagulation experiments reveal accelerated blood coagulation by the hydrogel. In vivo antibacterial and hemostatic experiments on a rat model indicate the healing of infected tissue and effective control of hemorrhaging by the hydrogel. Therefore, the vancomycin-loaded ADM hydrogel will be a viable biomaterial for controlling hemorrhage and preventing bacterial infections in trauma patients.

19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(14): 4687-4692, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337716

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Iguratimod is a new kind of synthetic small molecule disease modified anti-rheumatic drug with good efficacy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment; meanwhile, it exhibits potency to alleviate alveolar inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis. However, its application in RA interstitial lung disease (ILD) patients is seldomly reported. Thus, the current study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of iguratimod plus glucocorticoid/cyclophosphamide vs. glucocorticoid/cyclophosphamide in treating RA-ILD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Totally 101 RA-ILD patients underwent glucocorticoid/cyclophosphamide (Control group: n=61) or iguratimod plus glucocorticoid/cyclophosphamide (Iguratimod group: n=40) treatment were analyzed. General inflammation, disease activity, serum disease marker levels, high resolution lung computed tomography (HRCT) score, lung function indexes were evaluated within 24-week (W) treatment. RESULTS: No difference of baseline demographic or disease-related features was observed between Iguratimod group and Control group. Iguratimod group showed lower levels of CRP and ESR at W4, W12 and W24; as well as decreased DAS28 score, rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinate peptide antibody levels at W12 and W24 compared to Control group. HRCT score showed no difference between Iguratimod group and Control group at any time points. As to lung function indexes, forced vital capacity percent predicted [FVC (% predicted)], carbon monoxide diffusion capacity percent predicted [DLCO (%predicted)] and 6-minute-walk distance (6MWD) were all higher in Iguratimod group compared with Control group at W4, W12 and W24. Besides, no difference in adverse events was discovered between these two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Iguratimod attenuates general inflammation, disease activity, and improves lung function in RA-ILD patients.

20.
Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) ; 33(10): e442-e449, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261594

RESUMO

AIMS: In the current eighth edition head and neck TNM staging, extranodal extension (ENE) is an adverse feature in oral cavity squamous cell cancer (OSCC). The previous seventh edition N1 with ENE is now staged as N2a. Seventh edition N2+ with ENE is staged as N3b in the eighth edition. We evaluated its potential impact on patients treated with surgery and postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: OSCC patients treated with primary surgery and adjuvant (chemo)radiotherapy between January 2005 and December 2014 were reviewed. Cohorts with pathological node-negative (pN-), pathological node-positive without ENE (pN+_pENE-) and pathological node-positive with ENE (pN+_pENE+) diseases were compared for local control, regional control, distant control and overall survival. The pN+ cohorts were further stratified into seventh edition N-staging subgroups for outcomes comparison. RESULTS: In total, 478 patients were evaluated: 173 pN-; 159 pN+_pENE-; 146 pN+_pENE+. Outcomes at 5 years were: local control was identical (78%) in all cohorts (P = 0.892), whereas regional control was 91%, 80% and 68%, respectively (P < 0.001). Distant control was 97%, 87%, 68% (P < 0.001) and overall survival was 75%, 53% and 39% (P < 0.001), respectively. Overall survival for N1 and N2a subgroups was not significantly different. In the seventh edition N2b subgroup of pENE- (n = 79) and pENE+ (n = 79) cohorts, overall survival was 67% and 37%, respectively. In the seventh edition N2c subgroups, overall survival for pENE- (n = 17) and pENE+ (n = 38) cohorts was 65% and 35% (P = 0.08), respectively. Overall, an additional 128 patients (42% pN+) were upstaged as N3b. CONCLUSIONS: When eighth edition staging was applied, stage migration across the N2-3 categories resulted in expected larger separations of overall survival by stage. Patients treated with primary radiation without surgical staging should have outcomes carefully monitored. Strategies to predict ENE preoperatively and trials to improve the outcomes of pENE+ patients should be explored.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/radioterapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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