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1.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203670

RESUMO

Many proposals for exploring topological quantum computation are based on superconducting quantum devices constructed on materials with strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC). For these devices, full control of both the magnitude and the spatial distribution of the supercurrent is highly demanded, but has been elusive up to now. We constructed a proximity-type Josephson junction on nanoplates of Bi2O2Se, a new emerging semiconductor with strong SOC. Through electrical gating, we show that the supercurrent can be fully turned ON and OFF, and its real-space pathways can be configured either through the bulk or along the edges. Our work demonstrates Bi2O2Se as a promising platform for constructing multifunctional hybrid superconducting devices as well as for searching for topological superconductivity.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 195: 110463, 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182531

RESUMO

Microbial treatment for vanadium contamination of soils is a favorable and environment-friendly method. However, information of the resistant mechanism of the strains in soils to vanadium, especially to tetravalent vanadium [vanadium(IV)], is still limited. Herein, potential of the vanadium(IV) biosorption and biotransformation of the strains (4K1, 4K2, 4K3 and 4K4) which were capable of tolerating vanadium(IV) was determined. For biosorption, the bioadsorption and the bioabsorption of vanadium(IV) occur on the bacterial cell wall and within the cell, respectively, were taken into consideration. Comparison of the vanadium(IV) adsorbed on the bacterial cell walls and remained in the cells after sorption indicated the major bacterial vanadium(IV) sorption role of the bioadsorption which was at least one order of magnitude higher than the bioabsorption amount. Isotherm study using various isotherm models revealed a monolayer and a multilayer vanadium(IV) biosorption by 4K2 and the others (4K1, 4K3 and 4K4), respectively. Higher biosorption was observed in acidic conditions than in alkaline conditions, and the maximum biosorption was 2.41, 9.35, 7.76 and 8.44 mg g-1 observed at pH 6 for 4K1, at pH 3 for 4K2, and at pH 4 for 4K3 and 4K4, respectively. At the present experimental range of the initial vanadium(IV) concentration, optimal biosorption capacity of the bacteria was observed at the vanadium(IV) level of 100-250 mg L-1. Different biotransformation level of vanadium(IV) in soils by the stains was observed during a 28-d pot incubation of the soils mixed with the strains, which can be attributed to the discrepancy of both soil properties and bacterial species. Present study can help to fill up the gaps of the insufficient knowledge of the vanadium(IV) resistant mechanism of the strains in soils.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the degrees of job burnout and occupational stressors and their associations among healthcare professionals from county-level health alliances in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in county-level health alliances in Qinghai Province, China, in November 2018. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey and the 38-item Chinese version of the "Scale for occupational stressors on clinicians" were used. Medical staff in four health alliances from two counties were invited to complete the questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 1052 (age: 34.06 ± 9.22 years, 79.1% females) healthcare professionals were included, 68.2% (95% CI: 65.2-71.0%) of the participants had job burnout symptoms. Occupational stressors had positive associations with moderate (OR = 1.06, 95% CI: 1.05-1.07) and serious (OR = 1.15, 95% CI: 1.13-1.19) level of job burnout. Stressors from vocational interest produced the greatest magnitude of odds ratio (OR = 1.76, 95% CI: 1.62-1.92) for serious degree of burnout, followed by doctor-patient relationship, interpersonal relationship as well as other domains of occupational stressors. CONCLUSIONS: Job burnout was very common among healthcare professionals working in Chinese county-level health alliances, different occupational stressors had associations with job burnout. Appropriate and effective policies and measures should be developed and implemented.

4.
Theranostics ; 10(8): 3668-3683, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32206115

RESUMO

Dysregulation of microRNA (miRNA) is a frequent event in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but little is known whether it is a bystander or an actual player on residual HCC metastasis during liver microenvironment remodeling initiated by hepatectomy. Methods: The differently expressed miRNAs and mRNAs were identified from RNA-seq data. Western blot, qRT-PCR, fluorescence in situ hybridization, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical were used to detect the expression of miRNA and mRNA in cell lines and patient tissues. The biological functions were investigated in vitro and in vivo. Chromatin immunoprecipitation, proximity ligation and luciferase reporter assay were used to explore the specific binding of target genes. The expression of HGF/ERBB3 signaling was detected by Western blot. Results: In this study, HGF induced by hepatectomy was shown to promote metastasis of residual HCC cells. miR-17-5p and miR-20a-5p were confirmed to play inhibitory roles on HCC metastasis. And ERBB3 was found to be the common target of miR-17-5p and miR-20a-5p. HCC cells with lower levels of miR-17-5p and miR-20a-5p or higher level of ERBB3 were often more sensitive to response HGF stimuli and to facilitate metastatic colonization both in vitro and in vivo experimental systems. Furthermore, HGF reinforced ERBB3 expression by NF-κB transcriptional activity in a positive feedback loop. Of particular importance, HCC patients with lower levels of miR-17-5p and miR-20a-5p or higher level of ERBB3 had significantly shorter OS and PFS survivals after surgical resection. Conclusion: miR-17-5p and miR-20a-5p could suppress postoperative metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma via blocking HGF/ERBB3-NF-κB positive feedback loop and offer a new probable strategy for metastasis prevention after HCC resection.

5.
Vaccine ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One-dose voluntary varicella vaccination for children was introduced in Beijing since 1998. In Oct 2012, a second dose varicella vaccine (VarV) was recommended to further decrease varicella disease and the outbreaks. We describe the impact of the 2-dose voluntary vaccination strategy on varicella epidemiology in Beijing, China. METHODS: Varicella incidence rates and outbreak characteristics in 2011-2017 was examined using surveillance data. Varicella vaccination coverage among children born in 2007-2012 was estimated through Beijing children immunization registry system. Vaccine effectiveness (VE) for VarV2 was estimated by screening method. RESULTS: Overall varicella incidence decreased by 37.8% from 103.2 per 100,000 population in 2011 to 64.2 per 100,000 population in 2017. Incidence declines in children aged <15 years with most significantly decrease by 82.3% in children aged 5-9 years, while no significant change happened in adolescent and adults. A total of 251 outbreaks with 3239 outbreak-related cases were reported in 2011-2017, the number of outbreaks decreased significantly by 50.7% from 69 in 2011 to 34 in 2017. The VarV1 coverage ranged from 85.4% to 92.6% among children 4 year of age and the VarV2 coverage ranged from 40.1% to 72.9% among children 6 year of age in the 2007-2012 birth cohort. Overall VE estimates against all varicella disease was 94.4% (95% CI: 89.9-98.9%) for VarV2. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate VarV2 coverage has been achieved in Beijing resulting in remarkable declining of the incidence in children. Varicella outbreaks has not been eliminated suggested that measures such as including a 2-dose varicella vaccination in routine immunization program should be taken in the future.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e19321, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080150

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This meta-analysis assessed the clinical efficacy and safety of cefoperazone-sulbactam for empiric therapy febrile neutropenia. METHODS: The PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO, Cochrane Library, Ovid Medline, EMBASE, and ClinicalTrial.gov database were searched through May 10, 2019. Only clinical trials comparing cefoperazone-sulbactam with other antibiotics for empiric treatment of febrile neutropenia were included. The primary outcome was treatment success without modification, and the secondary outcomes were all-cause mortality and adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: Ten randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 1 retrospective cohort study were included. Overall, cefoperazone-sulbactam exhibited a treatment success rate similar to those of comparator drugs for the treatment of febrile neutropenia (odds ratio [OR], 1.03; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 1.24, I = 0%). A similar finding was noted in pooled analysis of 10 RCTs (OR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.88 to 1.30, I = 0%). Subgroup analysis showed that cefoperazone-sulbactam had a treatment success rate similar to the rates of comparators for adults (OR, 1.10; 95% CI, 0.88 to 1.38, I = 0%) and children (OR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.63 to 1.46, I = 0%). Cefoperazone-sulbactam did not differ significantly from comparators in the risks of all-cause mortality (OR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.58 to 1.58, I = 0%) or common AEs, namely rash, nausea/vomiting, and superinfection. CONCLUSION: The clinical efficacy and tolerability of cefoperazone-sulbactam are comparable to those of comparator drugs in the treatment of febrile neutropenia.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Cefoperazona/uso terapêutico , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Sulbactam/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos
7.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 12, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNA-612 (miR-612) has been proven to suppress EMT, stemness, and tumor metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) via PI3K/AKT2 and Sp1/Nanog signaling. However, its biological roles on HCC progression are far from elucidated. METHODS: We found direct downstream target of miR-612, hadha by RNA immunoprecipitation and sequencing. To explore its biological characteristic, potential molecular mechanism, and clinical relevance in HCC patients, we performed several in-vitro and in-vivo models, as well as human tissue chip. RESULTS: Ectopic expression of miR-612 could partially reverse the level of HADHA, then suppress function of pseudopods, and diminish metastatic and invasive potential of HCC by lipid reprogramming. In detail, miR-612 might reduce invadopodia formation via HADHA-mediated cell membrane cholesterol alteration and accompanied with the inhibition of Wnt/ß-catenin regulated EMT occurrence. Our results showed that the maximum oxygen consumption rates (OCR) of HCCLM3miR-612-OE and HCCLM3hadha-KD cells were decreased nearly by 40% and 60% of their counterparts (p < 0.05). The levels of acetyl CoA were significantly decreased, about 1/3 (p > 0.05) or 1/2 (p < 0.05) of their controls, in exogenous miR-612 or hadha-shRNA transfected HCCLM3 cell lines. Besides, overexpression of hadha cell lines had a high expression level of total cholesterol, especially 27-hydroxycholesterol (p < 0.005). SREBP2 protein expression level as well as its downstream targets, HMGCS1, HMGCR, MVD, SQLE were all deregulated by HADHA. Meanwhile, the ATP levels were reduced to 1/2 and 1/4 in HCCLM3miR-612-OE (p < 0.05) and HCCLM3hadha-KD (p < 0.01) respectively. Moreover, patients with low miR-612 levels and high HADHA levels had a poor prognosis with shorter overall survival. CONCLUSION: miR-612 can suppress the formation of invadopodia, EMT, and HCC metastasis and by HADHA-mediated lipid programming, which may provide a new insight of miR-612 on tumor metastasis and progression.

8.
J Affect Disord ; 264: 187-192, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poor mental health status among both pregnant and postpartum women is commonly reported worldwide. The associations between mental health outcomes and giving birth to the second child since the implementation of China's universal two-child policy have not been identified. METHODS: A large-scale based mental health survey was conducted between March 2017 and December 2018 in Suzhou, China. The survey evaluated the symptoms of anxiety, hypomania, depression and poor sleep quality among both pregnant and postpartum women. RESULTS: A total of 3113 questionnaires were collected, the prevalence of anxiety, hypomanic and depressive symptoms and poor sleep quality in our sample were 3.2% (95%CI: 2.6%-3.9%), 51.7% (95%CI: 49.9%-53.4%), 12.4% (95%CI: 11.3%-13.6%) and 37.8% (95%CI: 36.0%-39.5%), respectively. Logistic regression showed that giving birth to the second child was positively associated with women's age, and was negatively correlated with higher educational level and living in rented housing. Women with the second pregnancy or child were positively associated with anxiety symptoms in the whole sample (OR = 1.75, 95%CI: 1.11-2.75) and among prenatal women (OR = 2.11, 95%CI: 1.16-3.83), while it was inversely correlated with depressive symptoms among postpartum women (OR = 0.63, 95%CI: 0.41-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Women giving birth a second time were more prone to have anxiety symptoms among the prenatal women and the whole sample, and less likely to have depressive symptoms among the postpartum women. Efficacious measures and interventions are essential to improve maternal mental health.

9.
Phytomedicine ; 68: 153186, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the most common type of primary malignant bone tumor. This disease has exhibited a progressively lower survival rate over the past several decades, which has resulted in it becoming a main cause of death in humans. Rosmarinic acid (RA), a water-soluble polyphenolic phytochemical, exerts powerful anticancer effects against multiple types of cancer; however, its potential effects on osteosarcoma remain unknown. Hence, the present study investigated the efficacy of RA against osteosarcoma and aimed to clarify the mechanisms underlying this process. METHODS: The effects of RA on cell viability, apoptosis, cell cycle distribution, migration, invasion, and signaling molecules were analyzed by CCK-8 assay, flowcytometric analysis, wound healing assay, Transwell assay, proteomic analysis, and use of shRNAs. RESULTS: RA exerted anti-proliferation and pro-apoptotic effects on U2OS and MG63 osteosarcoma cells. Apoptosis was induced via extrinsic and intrinsic pathways by increasing the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, triggering the intracellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), reducing the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and upregulating the cleavage rates of caspase-8, caspase-9, and caspase-3. Additionally, RA suppressed the migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells by inhibiting the expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 (MMP-2 and -9), which are associated with a weakening of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Moreover, proteomic analyses identified DJ-1 as a potential target for RA. Several studies have indicated an oncogenic role for DJ-1 using knockdowns via the lentiviral-mediated transfection of shRNA, which caused the conspicuous suppression of cell proliferation, migration, and invasion as well as the arrest of cell cycle progression. At the molecular level, the expression levels of DJ-1, p-PI3K, and p-Akt were reduced, whereas the protein levels of phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) were increased. CONCLUSION: In conjunction with the high levels of DJ-1 expression in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines, the present results suggested that RA exhibited anticancer effects in osteosarcoma cells by inhibiting DJ-1 via regulation of the PTEN-PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Therefore, DJ-1 might be a biological target for RA in osteosarcoma cells.

10.
J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia ; 25(1): 37-50, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026099

RESUMO

Breast carcinoma(BC)is the most common cancer type among females globally. Understanding the molecular pathways that trigger the development of BC is crucial for both prevention and treatment. As such, the role of transcription factors (TFs) in the development of BC is a focal point in this field. CREB3s play a critical role in initiating the unfolded protein response (UPR); however, the role of CREB3 family members in breast cancer development remains largely unknown. Here, we mined the ONCOMINE database for the transcriptional data of CREB3s in patients with BC. Then, the regulatory functions of a novel TF, CREB3L4, were investigated. CREB3L4 knockdown in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. ChIP assays confirmed that CREB3L4 can directly bind to the PCNA promoter region, suggesting that the PCNA protein may be functionally downstream of CREB3L4. Additionally, the expression level of CREB3L4 was assessed using our cohort. CREB3L4 is upregulated in breast cancer tissues and is significantly associated with histological grade and tumour size (P = 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). Furthermore, PCNA expression was upregulated in breast cancer tissues and positively correlated with CREB3L4. In summary, CREB3L4 may play an important role in the progression of human BC and may serve as a therapeutic target.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078223

RESUMO

In hunting for safe and cost-effective materials for post-Li-ion energy storage, the design and synthesis of high-performance solid electrolytes (SEs) for all-solid-state batteries are bottlenecks. Many issues associated with chemical stability during processing and storage and use of the SEs in ambient conditions need to be addressed. Now, the effect of water as well as oxyhdryl group (. OH) on NaBi3 O4 Cl2 are investigated by evaluating ionic conductivity. The presence of water and . OH results in an increase in ionic conductivity of NaBi3 O4 Cl2 owing to diffusion of H2 O into NaBi3 O4 Cl2 , partially forming binding . OH through oxygen vacancy repairing. Ab initio calculations reveal that the electrons significantly accumulate around . OH and induce a more negative charge center, which can promote Na+ hopping. This finding is fundamental for understanding the essential role of H2 O in halide-based SEs and provides possible roles in designing water-insensitive SEs through control of defects.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(7): 1935-1947, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003987

RESUMO

Sustainable agriculture is a key component of the effort to meet the increased food demand of a rapidly increasing global population. Nano-biotechnology is a promising tool for sustainable agriculture. However, rather than acting as nanocarriers, some nanoparticles (NPs) with unique physiochemical properties inherently enhance plant growth and stress tolerance. This biological role of nanoparticles depends on their physiochemical properties, application method (foliar delivery, hydroponics, soil), and the applied concentration. Here we review the effects of the different types, properties, and concentrations of nanoparticles on plant growth and on various abiotic (salinity, drought, heat, high light, and heavy metals) and biotic (pathogens and herbivores) stresses. The ability of nanoparticles to stimulate plant growth by positive effects on seed germination, root or shoot growth, and biomass or grain yield is also considered. The information presented herein will allow researchers within and outside the nano-biotechnology field to better select the appropriate nanoparticles as starting materials in agricultural applications. Ultimately, a shift from testing/utilizing existing nanoparticles to designing specific nanoparticles based on agriculture needs will facilitate the use of nanotechnology in sustainable agriculture.


Assuntos
Biotecnologia , Produtos Agrícolas/fisiologia , Nanotecnologia , Agricultura , Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Nanoestruturas/análise , Estresse Fisiológico
13.
Cancer Med ; 9(5): 1683-1693, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945265

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pembrolizumab (Pembro) in combination with chemotherapy has been approved for the treatment of pretreated advanced NSCLC in the United States and China for its significant efficacy. However, the cost-effectiveness is unknown considering Pembro's high price. The impact of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) test on the cost-effectiveness is also unknown. The current study assessed the cost-effectiveness of combination therapy for nonsquamous NSCLC from the United States and China public payers' perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature-based Markov model was conducted using KEYNOTE-189 trial data to compare cost and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) of three treatment strategies for nonsquamous NSCLC: Pembro-chemotherapy combination and chemotherapy strategy without PD-L1 test, and treatment strategy according to their PD-L1 status. RESULTS: In base case analysis, the combination strategy generated an additional 0.78 QALYs and 0.59 QALYs over chemotherapy in the United States and China respectively, resulting in an ICER of $132 392/QALY in the United States and $92 533/QALY in China. In the PD-L1 ≥1% base case, the ICERs were $77 754/QALY and $56 768/QALY respectively in the United States and China for PD-L1 test strategy. In the PD-L1 ≥50% base case, the ICERs were $44 731/QALY and $34 388/QALY respectively in the United States and China for PD-L1 test strategy. Lowering Pembro price can also partly decrease the ICERs. CONCLUSION: Compared with chemotherapy, the combination strategy is not cost-effective for the treatment of NSCLC in the American and Chinese health care system at WTP threshold of $100 000/QALY for the United States and $27 351/QALY for China. Using PD-L1 test for patient selection and price reduction could improve the cost-effective probabilities of immunotherapy for nonsquamous NSCLC.

14.
J Adv Nurs ; 76(4): 980-990, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960498

RESUMO

AIMS: Sexual harassment towards nurses is a major concern universally, but no meta-analysis on the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses has yet been published. This study examined the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses and explored its moderating factors. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of observational studies. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases from their commencement date to February 2018 were systematically and independently searched by two investigators. REVIEW METHODS: Data on the prevalence of sexual harassment experienced by nurses were extracted and pooled using the random-effects model. RESULTS: A total of 43 studies covering 52,345 nurses were included in the analyses. Female nurses accounted for 83.87% of the 32,970 subjects in 25 studies with available data on gender ratio. The prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses in the past 12 months and during nursing career were 12.6% (95% CI: 10.9-14.4%) and 53.4% (95% CI: 23.1-83.7%), respectively. Gender, use of the WHO questionnaires, lower middle-income and high-income countries, sample size, survey year, and mean age of subjects were significantly associated with the prevalence of sexual harassment. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses found in this meta-analysis represents the ongoing sexism and deleterious effects (e.g., poor work quality and efficiency, increased stress and job dissatisfaction) in the profession. Appropriate preventive measures, training, and empowerment of nurses are needed to ensure workplace safety and equality in this profession. IMPACT: The study addressed the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses and its moderating factors. Health authorities and hospital administrators should develop organizational policy and preventive strategies to ensure nurses' workplace safety and equality.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960244

RESUMO

Triclosan (TCS) is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent that is broadly used in personal care products. It has been shown to cause the contamination of a variety of aquatic environments. Since algae has been the primary producers of aquatic ecosystems, understanding the toxicological mechanisms and the metabolic fate of TCS is vital for assessing its risk in an aquatic environment. In our study, 0.5-4 mg L-1 TCS treatments for 72 h in a culture of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (C. reinhardtii) showed progressive inhibition of cell growth and reduced the chlorophyll content. The EC50 value of C. reinhardtii after 72 h was 1.637 mg L-1, which showed its higher level of resistance to TCS in comparison with other algal species. The exposure to TCS led to oxidative injuries of algae in relation to the increment of malonaldehyde content, cell membrane permeability, and H2O2 levels. Furthermore, the oxidative stress from TCS stimulated a series of antioxidant enzyme activities and their gene expressions. Simultaneously, the accumulated TCS in C. reinhardtii arouses the detoxification/degradation-related enzymes and related gene transcriptions. In the medium, approximately 82% of TCS was removed by C. reinhardtii. Importantly, eight TCS metabolites were identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry and their relative abundances were measured in a time-course experiment. Six of these metabolites are reported here for the first time. The metabolic pathways of triclosan via C. reinhardtii including reductive dechlorination, hydroxylation, sulfhydrylation, and binding with thiol/cysteine/GSH/glycosyl were manifested to broaden our understanding of the environmental fate of TCS. Graphical Abstract.

16.
Chemosphere ; 242: 125237, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896179

RESUMO

The presence of surfactants in biofilters could enhance hydrophobic VOC removal. In this study, blood agar plate, methylene blue agar plate and a culture with n-hexane as the only carbon source were used to screen strains that could biodegrade n-hexane and produce biosurfactants simultaneously. The effects of n-hexane concentration on n-hexane removal and biosurfactant production were also investigated. Results showed that such a strain identified to be Pseudomonas sp. Strain NEE2 was successfully isolated from oil-polluted soils. The biosurfactants production by this strain were dependent on the initial concentration of n-hexane (132-2640 mg/L). At the concentration of 2640 mg/L of n-hexane, the biosurfactants promoted n-hexane removal. At 132 mg/L of n-hexane, n-hexane removal efficiency on day 2 exceeded 60%. The synergistic mechanisms of n-hexane removal and biosurfactant production by Pseudomonas sp. Strain NEE2 were discussed including the enhanced mass transfer from gas to liquid phase, within the biofilm phase and biodegradation at the presence of biosurfactants as well as the consequently enhanced production of the biosurfactants. These results in this study proved that it is possible for microorganisms utilizing the synergistic effect of hydrophobic VOC degradation and biosurfactant production for cost-effective hydrophobic VOC removal in biofilters.


Assuntos
Hexanos/metabolismo , Poluição por Petróleo , Pseudomonas/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Solo , Tensoativos/química
17.
Retina ; 40(2): 345-349, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31972805

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the levels of systemic heparanase, inflammatory markers, and coagulation factor activities in patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO). METHODS: This prospective study included 18 patients with central RVO, 22 patients with branch RVO, and 40 patients with age-related cataract as the control group. Serum heparanase protein levels and activities were measured by ELISA and a heparan degrading enzyme assay kit, respectively. Serum levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, TLR-2, and TLR-4 were measured by ELISA kits. The activities of coagulation factors (V, VII, VIII, and IX) were determined with an autoanalyzer. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the above parameters between patients with RVO and control subjects. The relationship between two of the above parameters was analyzed by Spearman's correlation. RESULTS: Patients with RVO had higher levels of systemic heparanase protein, heparanase activities, coagulation factors' (V, VIII, and IX) activities, MMP-2, MMP-9, TLR-2, and TLR-4 compared with the control group. Systemic heparanase levels were correlated with serum levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, TLR-2, TLR-4, and activities of coagulation factors VIII and IX. CONCLUSION: Increase of systemic heparanase in RVO is associated with activation of systemic inflammation and blood hypercoagulability.

18.
Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen ; 35: 1533317519883498, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: World Health Organization has communicated that dementia as a public health priority in 2012. Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are the main reason results in hospitalization of dementia patients. Horticulture is one of the favorite activity for many peoples to relax their minds. OBJECTIVES: To investigate psychological health benefits of horticulture intervention in dementia patients. METHODS: The databases including Cochrane Library, ProQuest, PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO, Web of Science, and Ovid Medline were searched up to August 2017. RESULTS: Twenty-three articles for systematic review, whereas 8 articles were included in meta-analysis. Meta-analysis verified the beneficial effect of horticultural therapy (HT) on agitation level (standard mean difference: -0.59; P < .00001); increase time spent on activity engagement (mean differences [MD]: 45.10%, P < .00001); decrease time for doing nothing (MD: -29.36%, P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with dementia benefit from horticultural by alleviating their degrees of agitate behaviors, increasing time of engaging in activities and decrease time of doing nothing.

19.
Stem Cells ; 38(2): 246-260, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648402

RESUMO

Physical exercise-induced enhancement of learning and memory and alleviation of age-related cognitive decline in humans have been widely acknowledged. However, the mechanistic relationship between exercise and cognitive improvement remains largely unknown. In this study, we found that exercise-elicited cognitive benefits were accompanied by adaptive hippocampal proteasome activation. Voluntary wheel running increased hippocampal proteasome activity in adult and middle-aged mice, contributing to an acceleration of neurogenesis that could be reversed by intrahippocampal injection of the proteasome inhibitor MG132. We further found that increased levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in both serum and hippocampus may be essential for exercise-induced proteasome activation. Our in vitro study demonstrated that IGF-1 stimulated proteasome activity in cultured adult neural progenitor cells (NPCs) by promoting nuclear translocation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), followed by elevated expressions of proteasome subunits such as PSMB5. In contrast, pretreating adult mice with the selective IGF-1R inhibitor picropodophyllin diminished exercise-induced neurogenesis, concurrent with reduced Nrf2 nuclear translocation and proteasome activity. Likewise, lowering Nrf2 expression by RNA interference with bilateral intrahippocampal injections of recombinant adeno-associated viral particles significantly suppressed exercise-induced proteasome activation and attenuated cognitive function. Collectively, our work demonstrates that proteasome activation in hippocampus through IGF-1/Nrf2 signaling is a key adaptive mechanism underlying exercise-related neurogenesis, which may serve as a potential targetable pathway in neurodegeneration.

20.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 16(2): 358-362, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487215

RESUMO

Although the incidence of measles has been dramatically reduced by the highly effective measles vaccine, cases of measles and outbreaks continue to occur in vaccinated population because of immunization failure. We report on an outbreak in which two cases had previous evidence of measles immunity and then one of them transmitted measles infection to an unvaccinated contact. The cases and contacts exposed during the outbreak were investigated. Clinical information and epidemiological information were obtained. Serum samples were collected for measles-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM), immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgG avidity. Throat swabs were obtained to test for measles virus RNA. Two measles cases (case 1 and case 2) who have received one dose of MCV in past 5 years, and both working at a hospital in Beijing, occurred in 18th and 20nd of January, respectively. Out of the 102 contacts, one additional case (case 3) who had a close, long-term co-exposure with case 1 was reported subsequently. No additional cases of measles occurred among 15 contacts of case 3. The index case was not ascertained through the outbreak review. All three cases had laboratory confirmation of measles infection. Both case 1 and case 2 had high-avidity IgG antibody characteristic of a secondary immune response and developed a modified clinical presentation. This report confirms that a vaccinated individual with documented secondary vaccine failure (SVF) could transmit measles and is the second report since a New York City outbreak (the first report in China). The outbreak represented a series of rare events, so we can conclude that the SVF individuals in the transmission chain of measles are unlikely to threaten measles elimination. The importance of the herd immunity in preventing transmission and sensitive surveillance activities in case of misdiagnosis is emphasized.

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