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1.
Molecules ; 25(3)2020 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050451

RESUMO

A selection of aptamers specific for di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and development of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) aptasensor are described in this paper. The aptamers were selected from an immobilized ssDNA library using the systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX). The enrichment was monitored using real-time quantitative PCR (Q-PCR), and the aptamers were identified by high-throughput sequencing (HTS), gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) colorimetric assay, and localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). The EIS aptasensor was developed to detect DEHP in water samples. After eight rounds of enrichment, HTS, AuNPs colorimetric assay, and LSPR analysis indicated that four aptamers had higher binding activity, and aptamer 31 had the highest affinity (Kd = 2.26 ± 0.06 nM). The EIS aptasensor had a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.103 pg/mL with no cross-reactivity to DEHP analogs and a mean recovery of 76.07% to 141.32% for detection of DEHP in water samples. This aptamer is novel with the highest affinity and sensitivity.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 715: 136976, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023517

RESUMO

Despite the known influence of plant diversity on soil microbial diversity, the potential role of plant functional traits in regulating soil bacterial diversity remains largely unclear. There is a lack of strong empirical evidence for the relative effects of plant diversity and functional traits on soil bacterial diversity across large-scale deserts. Here, we simultaneously explore the internal links among plant diversity, functional traits and soil bacterial diversity across 90 temperate deserts habitat of China, after accounting for confounding abiotic and spatial factors. The results showed that soil bacterial alpha and beta diversities were mainly determined by abiotic and spatial factors, follow by plant factors. However, plant diversity and functional traits played diverse roles in shaping soil bacterial alpha and beta diversities. Plant diversity exerted a substantial influence on soil bacterial beta diversity, but not on alpha diversity. In contrast, plant functional traits still directly influenced soil bacterial alpha and beta diversity, after accounting for other confounding key drivers. More precisely, plant functional traits surpass plant diversity in affecting soil bacterial alpha diversity. These results provide robust evidence that plant functional traits can effectively regulate soil bacterial diversity across temperate deserts. Taken together, we highlight the importance and irreplaceability of plant functional traits in predicting soil biodiversity under current and future global environmental changes.

3.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 4, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029004

RESUMO

In December 2019, a new type viral pneumonia cases occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province; and then named "2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)" by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 12 January 2020. For it is a never been experienced respiratory disease before and with infection ability widely and quickly, it attracted the world's attention but without treatment and control manual. For the request from frontline clinicians and public health professionals of 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia management, an evidence-based guideline urgently needs to be developed. Therefore, we drafted this guideline according to the rapid advice guidelines methodology and general rules of WHO guideline development; we also added the first-hand management data of Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University. This guideline includes the guideline methodology, epidemiological characteristics, disease screening and population prevention, diagnosis, treatment and control (including traditional Chinese Medicine), nosocomial infection prevention and control, and disease nursing of the 2019-nCoV. Moreover, we also provide a whole process of a successful treatment case of the severe 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia and experience and lessons of hospital rescue for 2019-nCoV infections. This rapid advice guideline is suitable for the first frontline doctors and nurses, managers of hospitals and healthcare sections, community residents, public health persons, relevant researchers, and all person who are interested in the 2019-nCoV.

4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 229: 117964, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896053

RESUMO

Pure organic molecules with blue emission have attracted much attention due to its important application in organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), especially for which with aggregation induced emission (AIE) and thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) properties. Theoretical study to reveal the inner luminescent mechanisms can promote its development. In this work, four kinds of molecules with perfluorobiphenyl (PFBP) unit as acceptor, non-substituted and tert-butyl substituted 9,9-dimethyl-9,10-dihydro-acridine (DMAC) unit as donors, are selected and their photophysical properties are studied in detail. The surrounding environment effects in toluene and solid phase are taken into consideration by the polarized continuum model (PCM) and the combined quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) method respectively. Results show that geometric changes between the first singlet excited state (S1) and ground state (S0) are restricted in solid phase with decreased root-mean squared displacement (RMSD). Moreover, the Huang-Rhys factors and reorganization energies we calculated are all decreased in solid phase, which indicates that the non-radiative energy consumption process of S1 is hindered by enhanced intermolecular interactions in rigid environment, and it brings aggregation induced emission phenomenon. Furthermore, the substitution effect of tert-butyl in donor unit can efficiently decrease the energy gap and increase the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) constant, further promotes the intersystem crossing (ISC) and reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) rates. Meanwhile, molecules with donor-acceptor-donor (D-A-D) configuration have more efficient luminous performance than D-A type molecules due to the enhanced ISC and RISC processes. Thus, tert-butyl substituted D-A-D type molecules have outstanding TADF features. Our investigations provide a theoretical perspective for AIE and TADF mechanisms and propose a design strategy for efficient TADF molecules, which could promote the development of OLEDs.

5.
J Mass Spectrom ; : e4497, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918453

RESUMO

A multiclass and multiresidue method for screening veterinary drugs and pesticides in infant formula was developed and validated using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography coupled to Quadrupole-Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS). A total of 49 veterinary drugs and pesticides investigated belong to 11 classes including antivirals, anticoccidials, macrolides, pyrethroids, insecticides, sulfonamides, beta-agonists, sedatives, thyreostats, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and other pharmacologically active substances. A generic sample preparation and highly selective acquisition mode of parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) were deliberately incorporated to perform efficient screening analysis. As a result, the screening target concentrations of the analytes varied from 1 to 500 µg/kg with ≤5% of false compliant rate as specified in Decision 2002/657/EC for screening analysis. The average recoveries ranged from 40.7 to 124.9% as well as the relative standard deviations from 4.2 to 26.6%, respectively. The matrix effects and interferences were effectively controlled by integrated application of dispersive solid phase extraction, PRM scan mode, and matrix-matched standard calibration. The proposed method will be helpful to provide applicable strategy for screening residues in infant formula with surveillance purpose.

7.
Exp Neurol ; 324: 113138, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794745

RESUMO

After spinal cord injury (SCI), the inhibitory molecules derived from scars at the lesion sites and the limited regenerative capacity of neuronal axons pose difficulties for the recovery after SCI. Remodeling of cytoskeleton structures including microtubule assembly and tubulin post-translational modification are widely accepted to play a crucial role in initiation of growth cone and regrowth of injured axon. Although increasing studies have focused on the association between tubulin acetylation and autophagy due to the role of tubulin acetylation in organelles and substances transport, there are no studies exploring the effect of tubulin acetylation on autophagy after spinal cord injury (SCI). Here, we found that histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) was significantly up-regulated after SCI, while inhibition of HDAC6 by Tubastatin A induced functional recovery after SCI. In view of enzyme-dependent and -independent mechanisms of HDAC6 to adjust diverse cellular processes, such as autophagy, the ubiquitin proteasome system and post-translational modification of tubulin, we mainly focused on the significance of HDAC6 in axonal regeneration and autophagy after SCI. Western blotting, Co-immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence staining were conducted to showed that Tubastatin A treatment in nocodazole-treated cells and mice suffering from SCI prompted acetylation and stabilization of microtubules and thus restored transport function, which may contribute to restored autophagic flux and increased axonal length. Whereas inhibition of degradation of autolysosomes by bafilomycin A1 (Baf-A1) reversed functional recovery caused by Tubastatin A, revealing the association between tubulin acetylation and autophagy, which supports HDAC6 inhibition as a potential target for SCI treatment.

8.
Environ Pollut ; 257: 113497, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733960

RESUMO

Promotion of plant capacity for accumulation of heavy metals (HMs) is one of the key strategies in enhancing phytoremediation in contaminated soils. Here we report that, Rhodococcus qingshengii, an abscisic acid (ABA)-catabolizing bacteria, clearly boosts levels of Cd, Zn, and Ni in wild-type Arabidopsis by 47, 24, and 30%, respectively, but no increase in Cu was noted, when compared with non-inoculated Arabidopsis plants in contaminated growth substrate. Furthermore, when compared with wild-type plants, R.qingshengii-induced increases in Cd, Zn, and Ni concentrations were more pronounced in abi1/hab1/abi2 (ABA-sensitive mutant) strains of Arabidopsis, whereas little effect was observed in snrk2.2/2.3 (ABA insensitive mutant). This demonstrates that metabolizing ABA might be indispensable for R. qingshengii to improve metal accumulation in plants. Bacterial inoculation significantly elevated the expression of Cd, Zn, and Ni-related transporters; whereas the transcript levels of Cu transporters remained unchanged. This result may be a reasonable explanation for why the uptake of Cd, Zn, and Ni in plants was stimulated by bacterial inoculation, while no effect was observed on Cu levels. From our results, we clearly demonstrate that R. qingshengii can increase the accumulation of Cd, Zn, and Ni in plants via an ABA-mediated HM transporters-associated mechanism. Metabolizing ABA in the plants by ABA-catabolizing bacterial inoculation might be an alternative strategy to improve phytoremediation efficiency in HMs contaminated soil.

9.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 20(1): 242-255, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625686

RESUMO

Freshwater fish biodiversity is quickly decreasing and requires effective monitoring and conservation. Environmental DNA (eDNA)-based methods have been shown to be highly sensitive and cost-efficient for aquatic biodiversity surveys, but few studies have systematically investigated how spatial sampling design affects eDNA-detected fish communities across lentic systems of different sizes. We compared the spatial patterns of fish diversity determined using eDNA in three lakes of small (SL; 3 ha), medium (ML; 122 ha) and large (LL; 4,343 ha) size using a spatially explicit grid sampling method. A total of 100 water samples (including nine, 17 and 18 shoreline samples and six, 14 and 36 interior samples from SL, ML and LL, respectively) were collected, and fish communities were analysed using eDNA metabarcoding of the mitochondrial 12S region. Together, 30, 35 and 41 fish taxa were detected in samples from SL, ML, and LL, respectively. We observed that eDNA from shoreline samples effectively captured the majority of the fish diversity of entire waterbodies, and pooled samples recovered fewer species than individually processed samples. Significant spatial autocorrelations between fish communities within 250 m and 2 km of each other were detected in ML and LL, respectively. Additionally, the relative sequence abundances of many fish species exhibited spatial distribution patterns that correlated with their typical habitat occupation. Overall, our results support the validity of a shoreline sampling strategy for eDNA-based fish community surveys in lentic systems but also suggest that a spatially comprehensive sampling design can reveal finer distribution patterns of individual species.

10.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 135: 110973, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738983

RESUMO

The construction, expression and functional analysis of codon-optimized single-chain variable fragment (coscFv) against clenbuterol (CBL) prepared from the Escherichia coli system is described. First, the ionic concentration for coscFv expression was optimized through single-factor experiments. Then, the extraction conditions of inclusion bodies were optimized, and coscFv was affinity-purified. Finally, the functional analysis of coscFv was elucidated by indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (icELISA) and molecular docking. After optimizing the ionic concentration, the yield of coscFv increased from 21.69% to 23.26%. The molecular weight of coscFv was determined to be approximately 27 kDa according to the SDS-PAGE and Western blot assay. The percentage of coscFv was as high as 43.9% after the inclusion bodies were extracted, washed, and dissolved. Functional analysis indicated that the coscFv recognized CBL, and the 50% inhibition average concentration of CBL (IC50) was 4.22 ± 0.01 (n = 3) ng/mL. The binding site between coscFv and CBL consisted of Asp33H, Met34H, Ser50H, Arg52H, Tyr57H, Leu59H, Asp99H, and Tyr93L. Our study confirms that coscFv can bind with CBL through the key amino acid residues and can be used to sensitively detect CBL.


Assuntos
Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/imunologia , Clembuterol/imunologia , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/imunologia , Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sítios de Ligação , Clembuterol/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Escherichia coli/genética , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/genética , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/metabolismo
11.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 190: 110104, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884326

RESUMO

Describing the mechanisms of zinc (Zn) accumulation in plants is essential to counteract the effects of excessive Zn uptake in crops grown in contaminated soils. Increasing evidence suggests that there is a positive correlation between nitrate supply and Zn accumulation in plants. However, the role of the primary nitrate transporter NRT1.1 in Zn accumulation in plants remains unknown. In this study, a Zn stress-induced increase in nitrate uptake and an increase in NRT1.1 protein levels in wild-type (Col-0) Arabidopsis plants were measured using microelectrode ion flux and green fluorescent protein (GFP)/ß-glucuronidase (GUS) staining, respectively. Both agar and hydroponic cultures showed that mutants lacking the NRT1.1 function in nrt1.1 and chl1-5 (chlorate resistant 1) exhibited lower Zn levels in the roots and shoots of Zn-stressed plants than the wild-type. A lack of NRT1.1 activity also alleviated Zn-induced photosynthetic damage and growth inhibition in plants. Further, we used a rotation system with synchronous or asynchronous uptakes of nitrate and Zn to demonstrate differences in Zn levels between the Col-0 and nrt1.1/chl1-5 mutants. Significantly lower difference in Zn levels were noted in the nitrate/Zn asynchronous treatment than in the nitrate/Zn synchronous treatment. From these results, it can be concluded that NRT1.1 modulates Zn accumulation in plants via a nitrate-dependent pathway.

12.
Brain Res Bull ; 154: 9-20, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626954

RESUMO

Hypertension is a common complication of metabolic abnormalities associated with cardiovascular system and characterized by sexual dimorphism in mammals. Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) plays a critical role in metabolic-disorder related hypertension through the afferent loop of baroreflex. However, the gender difference in FGF-21-mediated blood pressure (BP) regulation via sexual dimorphic expression of FGFRs in the nodose (NG) and nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) were not elucidated in physiological and genomic form of hypertension. The gene and protein expression of FGFRs were tested by qRT-PCR, immunoblotting and immunostaining; the serum level of FGF21 was tested using ELISA; The BP was monitored while FGF21 was nodose microinjected. The results showed that more potent BP reduction was confirmed in female vs. male rats by nodose microinjection of rhFGF-21 along with higher expression of FGFR2 and FGFR4 in the nodose compared with age-match male and ovariectomized (OVX) rats, rather than other receptor subtypes, which is consistent well with immunohistochemical analysis. Additionally, serum FGF-21 was significantly higher in female-WKY, and this level of FGF-21 was dramatically declined in spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR) with significant down-regulation of FGFR1/R4 for male-SHR and FGFR2/FGFR4 for female-SHR, respectively. Apparently, high BP of SHR of either sex could be reduced by rhFGF-21 nodose microinjection. These data extends our current understanding that sexual-specific distribution/expression of FGF-21/FGFRs is likely to contribute at least partially to sexual dimorphism of baroreflex afferent function on BP regulation in rats. FGF-21-mdiated BP reduction sheds new light on clinical management of primary/genomic form of hypertension.

13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 144: 615-623, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843600

RESUMO

The structural modification of polysaccharides directly affects their physicochemical properties and applications. Dextran, a chained polysaccharide, consists of multiple d-glucose molecules with repetitive structures. In this study, the physicochemical properties of oxidized dextran (DO) at different concentrations of NaClO/NaBr and H2O2 were compared. The results showed that NaClO/NaBr oxidation is more conducive to the formation of carboxyl groups. Oxidized dextran with NaClO/NaBr (DOB) showed good iron (III) chelating ability, and the DOB­iron (III) complex (DOBIC) had an iron content of 28.31%. According to structural analysis, NaClO/NaBr (2 g/100 g of active chlorine) and H2O2 (4 g/100 g), respectively, oxidize the C1 and C2 hydroxyl groups of dextran to carboxyl groups and open the ring when DO and iron have the strongest chelation ability. The complex is indeed a chelate iron complex, and iron core is composed of iron oxyhydroxide or the ß-FeOOH mineral polymorph. These results indicate that DOBIC is expected to be a good iron supplement or food additive to strengthen iron.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121772, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813685

RESUMO

In this paper, YSZ-based mixed potential SO2 sensor with ZnGa2O4 and Pt electrodes was developed and the effect of the continuous testing and aging process on the sensing characteristics was discussed. The results showed that with this process the response of the sensor to SO2 performed an opposite direction to that in the sensor's initial state. The reason might be that the PtS produced at the Pt electrode increased the electrochemical catalytic activity of the Pt electrode, leading to the mixed potential of the Pt electrode higher than that of the ZnGa2O4 electrode. XPS and EDS results proved that a lot of Pt2+ and S2- were produced at Pt electrode after this process. Moreover, vulcanized sensor also performed similar sensing properties to the above aging sensor, which indicated that the produced PtS should be the reason that the sensor performed reverse deflection on sensing properties. In addition, the sensor after sulfuration can detect 0.05-500 ppm SO2 with the sensitivity being 5 mV/decade to 0.05-1 ppm and 41 mV/decade to 1-500 ppm. The sensor also had a reliable stability during the continuous measurement.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814246

RESUMO

Highly alkaline electrolytes have been shown to improve the formation rate of C2+ products in the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) and carbon monoxide (CO) on copper surfaces, with the assumption that higher OH- concentrations promote the C-C coupling chemistry. Herein, by systematically varying the concentration of Na+ and OH- at the same absolute electrode potential, we demonstrate that higher concentrations of cations (Na+ ), rather than OH- , exert the main promotional effect on the production of C2+ products. The impact of the nature and the concentration of cations on the electrochemical reduction of CO is supported by experiments in which a fraction or all of Na+ is chelated by a crown ether. Chelation of Na+ leads to drastic decrease in the formation rate of C2+ products. The promotional effect of OH- determined at the same potential on the reversible hydrogen electrode scale is likely caused by larger overpotentials at higher electrolyte pH.

16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 4810217, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815139

RESUMO

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is capable of causing a variety of chronic infections due to the formation of biofilms. Iron is essential for growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and therapies that interfere with iron may help treat P. aeruginosa infections. Herein, we investigated whether artesunate, which is a type of iron-dependent drug, could influence Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation and structure, including the underlying mechanisms. Artesunate could enhance twitching motility significantly and decrease the proportion of surviving cells in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms in a dose-dependent manner. Artesunate treatment also reduced biofilm thickness, diffusion in the biomass, and the content of Fe(II). However, changes in biofilm structure and ion concentration were very similar following treatment with 512 µg/ml and 1024 µg/ml artesunate. Interestingly, both biofilm structure and surviving cell fraction were recovered after iron supplementation. These results suggest that artesunate interferes with Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms by decreasing bacterial viability and enhancing twitching motility in an iron-independent manner.

17.
Cell Mol Neurobiol ; 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828466

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative diseases all share several common features such as involvement of oxidative damage and mitochondrial dysfunction in pathogenesis. Oxidative stress induced by overproduction of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) or impairment of the antioxidant deficiency results in mitochondrial dysfunction and initiation of the cell death cascade. Berberine (BBR), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been reported to exert anti-oxidative stress and anti-apoptosis effect in CNS diseases. However, the mechanism of BBR on regulating mitophagy and protecting mitochondrial function under oxidative stress remains unclear. In present study, we evaluated the beneficial effects of BBR on the tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced cytotoxicity. Furthermore, we explored the protective role of BBR in mitochondrial function and mitophagy under oxidative stress in PC-12 cells. Our results demonstrated that BBR effectively inhibited t-BHP-induced apoptosis which is associated with the decreased leakage of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and ROS overproduction. Moreover, BBR significantly suppressed cytochrome c expression, upregulated the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax, and ameliorated mitochondrial dysfunction by optimizing mitochondria membrane potential (ΔΨm) status and ATP production. In addition, BBR reduced the expression of autophagy-specific marker LC3, SQTM1/p62, and maintained lysosome normal function which involved the restoration of upstream signaling pathway AKT and mTOR phosphorylation level. Collectively, these findings suggested that BBR protects PC-12 cells from oxidative injury through inhibiting ROS level, mitochondria dysfunction, and mitophagy via PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways, which suggest a potential therapeutic strategy for oxidative stress and neurotoxic damages.

18.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23138, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880360

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This present study aimed to investigate the correlation of circular RNA SMARCA5 (circ-SMARCA5) with clinicopathological features and overall survival (OS), and the effect of circ-SMARCA5 on cell proliferation and chemotherapy sensitivity to cisplatin/gemcitabine in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). METHODS: Totally 92 primary ICC patients who underwent resection were recruited, and their tumor tissues and adjacent tissues were collected for circ-SMARCA5 detection. The effect of circ-SMARCA5 on cell proliferation and chemotherapy sensitivity was detected after circ-SMARCA5 overexpression plasmid transfection into TFK-1 and HuH-28 ICC cells. RESULTS: Circ-SMARCA5 expression was reduced in ICC tumor tissues compared to adjacent tissues. Tumor circ-SMARCA5 high expression was negatively associated with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score, T stage, N stage, TNM stage, and abnormal CA199 status. Furthermore, OS was increased in patients with tumor circ-SMARCA5 high expression compared with those with low expression, and further multivariate Cox's regression demonstrated that tumor circ-SMARCA5 high expression was an independent predictive factor for longer OS. In TFK-1 and HuH-28 ICC cells, circ-SMARCA5 upregulation decreased cell proliferation, reduced relative cell viability in cisplatin-treated as well as gemcitabine-treated cells, and also decreased inhibitory concentration by 50% value (IC50 ) of cisplatin and gemcitabine. CONCLUSION: The correlation of circ-SMARCA5 with favorable clinical tumor features, survival profile, and its promoting effect on chemotherapy sensitivity implies its potential as a valuable biomarker in monitoring disease progression and prognosis of ICC.

19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(21): 4745-4750, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872673

RESUMO

At present,China has issued a series of standards relating to traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). The standard system has already taken shape,but there are still some problems,such as incomplete standard system,low standard quality,inadequate application,insufficient study strength and lack of talent. This paper makes a detailed analysis of current management and development of standardization of traditional Chinese medicine in the aspects of " management mechanism and system construction" and " standards".The problems existing in the standardization of TCM are analyzed in three aspects: quality and popularization,standard research and talent reserve. At the same time,some suggestions are put forward to solve the problems. First,we shall strengthen the management of top-level design; second,we shall guide the transformation of high-quality scientific and technological achievements to standards;third,we shall consolidate the basic research of standardization of TCM; fourth,we shall focus on cultivating standardized technical talents; and fifth,we shall strengthen the standard research and development work in key fields.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , China , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Padrões de Referência
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(19): 4073-4077, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872678

RESUMO

Taking the Xiushui township of Baisha county in Hainan province as the research area,the random forest algorithm with obvious advantages in feature selection and classification extraction was used to extract the information of the Callicarpa nudiflora planting in the study area. Firstly,four kinds of different characteristic variables were generated based on World View-3 data,including spectral features,principal component features,vegetation index and texture features. Secondly,the spatial distribution of the C. nudiflora in the study area was extracted by remote sensing by random forest classification algorithm. Finally,the feature space of the random forest classification algorithm was optimized based on the feature importance to obtain the best random forest classification results,and this result is compared with the classification result of the random forest algorithm of the unoptimized feature space. The results showed that:①The overall accuracy of the C. nudiflora extracted by World View-3 image was 89. 97%,and the Kappa coefficient was 0. 84,which indicates that the random forest algorithm had higher classification accuracy and better applicability in Hainan C. nudiflora recognition.② The overall accuracy of extracting C. nudiflora with the dimension reduction feature was 90. 4,and the Kappa coefficient was 0. 85,which indicates that the random forest algorithm can effectively select features. At the same time as the feature variable data mining,the precision of the information extraction of the C. nudiflora was still guaranteed,and the operation efficiency was improved. This study provides a new idea,method and technical means for information extraction of cultivated medicinal plant resources in terms of feature selection and method selection.


Assuntos
Callicarpa , Plantas Medicinais , Algoritmos
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