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1.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646386

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the existence of uterine micro-peristalsis (UMP) by dynamic ultrasound features and evaluate the feasibility of UMP as a tool to distinguish pregnant and non-pregnant infertility patients undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), using clinical pregnancy results as a benchmark. METHODS: Fifty-one women, including 29 pregnant and 22 non-pregnant patients were recruited. Also, ultrasound videos were collected before embryo transfer. First of all, undiscoverable uterine micro-peristalsis was magnified by video magnification. Then, the dynamic features of UMP were characterized by a novel index termed histogram entropy based on the micro-peristalsis feature selection by entropy weight (HEMEW), which was generated by combining frame difference and volume local phase quantization. Finally, a comparative experiment of HEMEW between non-pregnant and pregnant patients, logistic regression analysis for HEMEW and other independent clinical characteristics, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis were performed. RESULTS: The magnified uterine video clearly exhibited UMP, which was invisible in the original ultrasound video. Further, there existed a significant difference in HEMEW between pregnant patients and non-pregnant patients after micro-motion magnification (p = 0.003, n = 51). The logistic regression result showed that HEMEW (p = 0.006) was significantly associated with clinical pregnancy outcome, while other independent variables had no significant effect on it. The ROC performance of HEMEW was 72.6% accuracy (AUC = 0.774, 95% CI: 0.644-0.905). CONCLUSIONS: The proposed micro-motion magnification and characterization strategy identified the existences of uterine micro-peristalsis, and verified that UMP has the feasibility to distinguish the outcomes of IVF-ET.

2.
Nature ; 574(7778): 372-377, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619789

RESUMO

Diabetes is far more prevalent in smokers than non-smokers, but the underlying mechanisms of vulnerability are unknown. Here we show that the diabetes-associated gene Tcf7l2 is densely expressed in the medial habenula (mHb) region of the rodent brain, where it regulates the function of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Inhibition of TCF7L2 signalling in the mHb increases nicotine intake in mice and rats. Nicotine increases levels of blood glucose by TCF7L2-dependent stimulation of the mHb. Virus-tracing experiments identify a polysynaptic connection from the mHb to the pancreas, and wild-type rats with a history of nicotine consumption show increased circulating levels of glucagon and insulin, and diabetes-like dysregulation of blood glucose homeostasis. By contrast, mutant Tcf7l2 rats are resistant to these actions of nicotine. Our findings suggest that TCF7L2 regulates the stimulatory actions of nicotine on a habenula-pancreas axis that links the addictive properties of nicotine to its diabetes-promoting actions.

3.
Urology ; 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487510

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To present and validate a new technique for biobanking fresh-frozen prostate cancer tissue based on MRI-transrectal ultrasound fusion biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2014 to August 2016, patients with elevated levels of PSA and at least 1 suspicious lesion on MRI were invited to this study. Each MRI-suspicious lesion was biopsied repeatedly for at least 2 cores in the same location. These repeated cores were labelled A/A', B/B', etc. The A/B cores were submitted for histologic assessment, and the corresponding A'/B' cores were stored in an -80°C freezer for biobanking. Sixty biobanked samples were processed for histologic assessment to compare their pathologic parameters with their corresponding paraffin samples. Another 20 biobanked samples were processed for RNA quality evaluation. RESULTS: Fifty-six of the 60 selected banking samples matched their corresponding paraffin samples for benign vs malignant diagnosis, leading an overall concordance rate of 93.3%. There was no significant difference between banking samples and the corresponding paraffin samples in cancer percentage and Gleason score. The RNA Integrity Number value ranged from 6.8 to 9.3 (mean 7.89). CONCLUSION: The current study demonstrates that the histologic identity of the banked prostate biopsy sample can be accurately predicted by its corresponding paraffin samples. MRI-TRUS fusion biopsy based biobanking method is highly efficient, timesaving, and has high quality tissues both at the histologic and RNA integrity levels.

4.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31148477

RESUMO

Twenty-one polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols, including three new compounds named as hyperichoisins A (3), B (14) and C (21), were isolated from the aerial parts of Hypericum choisianum. The structures of those new compounds were elucidated by analysis of mass, NMR data, and chiroptical properties. A bioassay showed that otogirinin B had significant inhibitory effect on cell proliferation of A549.

5.
Mol Cancer ; 18(1): 111, 2019 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a novel class of endogenous noncoding RNAs formed by a covalently closed loop, and increasing evidence has revealed that circRNAs play crucial functions in regulating gene expression. CircSLC8A1 is a circRNA generated from the SLC8A1 gene. Currently, the role and underlying molecular mechanisms of circSLC8A1 in bladder cancer remain unknown. METHODS: The differentially expressed circRNAs were identified from RNA-sequencing data, and circSLC8A1 was determined as a new candidate circRNA. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of circRNAs, miRNAs and mRNAs in human tissues and cells. RNA pull-down assay and luciferase reporter assay were used to investigate the interactions between the specific circRNA, miRNA and mRNA. The effects of circSLC8A1 on bladder cancer cells were explored by transfecting with plasmids in vitro and in vivo. The expression of PTEN was detected by Western blot. The biological roles were measured by wound healing assay, transwell assay, and CCK-8 assay. RESULTS: In the present study, we found that circSLC8A1 was down-regulated in bladder cancer tissues and cell lines, and circSLC8A1 expression was associated with the pathological stage and histological grade of bladder cancer. Over-expression of circSLC8A1 inhibited cell migration, invasion and proliferation both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, circSLC8A1 could directly interact with miR-130b/miR-494, and subsequently act as a miRNA sponge to regulate the expression of the miR-130b/miR-494 target gene PTEN and downstream signaling pathway, which suppressed the progression of bladder cancer. CONCLUSIONS: CircSLC8A1 acts as a tumor suppressor by a novel circSLC8A1/miR-130b, miR-494/PTEN axis, which may provide a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for the management of bladder cancer.

6.
Food Chem ; 296: 94-99, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202312

RESUMO

The potential synergistic effects of Flavan-3-ols to inhibit the formation of acrylamide have attracted wide attention. This study aims to investigate the synergistic inhibitory effects of the B-type procyanidin and flavan-3-ols monomer on acrylamide production in food matrix. By comparing the inhibitory effects of different compounds in food matrix, procyanidin B2 and catechin were screened out for examining their synergistic inhibitory effects on acrylamide by Isobologram analysis. When the interaction index (γ) was lower than 1, the interaction was synergistic reaction. The results showed the procyanidin B2/catechin ratio of 1:3 (γ = 0.57) had similar synergistic effect to that of 1:9 (γ = 0.53), both of which showed better effects than the ratio of 1:1 (γ = 0.71). The optimal synergistic inhibitory effect (70.11 ±â€¯2.07%) was achieved when the procyanidin B2 and catechin concentrations were 0.6 µg/mL and 5.4 µg/mL, respectively. Compared with single use, the combined use of B2 and catechin could decrease the dosage of B2 to 1/10 and that of catechin to 1/3.


Assuntos
Acrilamida/química , Biflavonoides/química , Catequina/química , Análise de Alimentos , Proantocianidinas/química , Dimerização , Sinergismo Farmacológico
7.
Mol Cancer Res ; 17(9): 1910-1919, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189689

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a major side effect of cancer therapy that frequently requires a reduction or cessation of treatments and negatively impacts the patient's quality of life. There is currently no effective means to prevent or treat CIPN. In this study, we developed and applied CIPN in an immunocompetent, syngeneic murine Lewis Lung Carcinoma (LLCab) model that enabled the elucidation of both tumor and host responses to cisplatin and treatments of Y-27632, a selective inhibitor of Rho kinase/p160ROCK. Y-27632 not only preserved cisplatin's efficacy toward tumor suppression but also the combination treatment inhibited tumor cell proliferation and increased cellular apoptosis. By alleviating the cisplatin-induced loss of epidermal nerve fibers (ENFs), Y-27632 protected tumor-bearing mice from cisplatin-induced reduction of touch sensation. Furthermore, quantitative proteomic analysis revealed the striking cisplatin-induced dysregulation in cellular stress (inflammation, mitochondrial deficiency, DNA repair, etc.)-associated proteins. Y-27632 was able to reverse the changes of these proteins that are associated with Rho GTPase and NF-κB signaling network, and also decreased cisplatin-induced NF-κB hyperactivation in both footpad tissues and tumor. Therefore, Y-27632 is an effective adjuvant in tumor suppression and peripheral neuroprotection. These studies highlight the potential of targeting the RhoA-NF-κB axis as a combination therapy to treat CIPN. IMPLICATIONS: This study, for the first time, demonstrated the dual antineoplastic and neuroprotective effects of Rho kinase/p160ROCK inhibition in a syngeneic immunocompetent tumor-bearing mouse model, opening the door for further clinical adjuvant development of RhoA-NF-κB axis to improve chemotherapeutic outcomes.

8.
Basic Res Cardiol ; 114(4): 30, 2019 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218471

RESUMO

Microvascular obstruction (MVO) and leakage (MVL) forms a pivotal part of microvascular damage following cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (IR). We tested the effect of relaxin therapy on MVO and MVL in mice following cardiac IR injury including severity of MVO and MVL, opening capillaries, infarct size, regional inflammation, cardiac function and remodelling, and permeability of cultured endothelial monolayer. Compared to vehicle group, relaxin treatment (50 µg/kg) reduced no-reflow area by 38% and the content of Evans blue as a permeability tracer by 56% in jeopardized myocardium (both P < 0.05), effects associated with increased opening capillaries. Relaxin also decreased leukocyte density, gene expression of cytokines, and mitigated IR-induced decrease in protein content of VE-cadherin and relaxin receptor. Infarct size was comparable between the two groups. At 2 weeks post-IR, relaxin treatment partially preserved cardiac contractile function and limited chamber dilatation versus untreated controls by echocardiography. Endothelial cell permeability assay demonstrated that relaxin attenuated leakage induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation, H2O2, or cytokines, action that was independent of nitric oxide but associated with the preservation of VE-cadherin. In conclusion, relaxin therapy attenuates IR-induced MVO and MVL and endothelial leakage. This protection was associated with reduced regional inflammatory responses and consequently led to alleviated adverse cardiac remodeling.

9.
Br J Pharmacol ; 176(14): 2465-2481, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30932177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Expression of the pro-fibrotic galectin-3 and the pro-apoptotic BIM is elevated in diseased heart or after ß-adrenoceptor stimulation, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. This question was addressed in the present study. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Wild-type mice and mice with cardiac transgenic expression of ß2 -adrenoceptors, mammalian sterile-20 like kinase 1 (Mst1) or dominant-negative Mst1, and non-specific galectin-3 knockout mice were used. Effects of the ß-adrenoceptor agonist isoprenaline or ß-adrenoceptor antagonists were studied. Rat cardiomyoblasts (H9c2) were used for mechanistic exploration. Biochemical assays were performed. KEY RESULTS: Isoprenaline treatment up-regulated expression of galectin-3 and BIM, and this was inhibited by non-selective or selective ß-adrenoceptor antagonists (by 60-70%). Cardiac expression of galectin-3 and BIM was increased in ß2 -adrenoceptor transgenic mice. Isoprenaline-induced up-regulation of galectin-3 and BIM was attenuated by Mst1 inactivation, but isoprenaline-induced galectin-3 expression was exaggerated by transgenic Mst1 activation. Pharmacological or genetic activation of ß-adrenoceptors induced Mst1 expression and yes-associated protein (YAP) phosphorylation. YAP hyper-phosphorylation was also evident in Mst1 transgenic hearts with up-regulated expression of galectin-3 (40-fold) and BIM as well as up-regulation of many YAP-target genes by RNA sequencing. In H9c2 cells, isoprenaline induced YAP phosphorylation and expression of galectin-3 and BIM, effects simulated by forskolin but abolished by PKA inhibitors, and YAP knockdown induced expression of galectin-3 and BIM. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Stimulation of cardiac ß-adrenoceptors activated the Mst1/Hippo pathway leading to YAP hyper-phosphorylation with enhanced expression of galectin-3 and BIM. This signalling pathway would have therapeutic potential. LINKED ARTICLES: This article is part of a themed section on Adrenoceptors-New Roles for Old Players. To view the other articles in this section visit http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bph.v176.14/issuetoc.

10.
Food Chem ; 286: 608-615, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30827653

RESUMO

The effects of honeys from different floral origins on alcohol metabolism were compared, and the correlation between their chemical compositions and antialcholic effects was analyzed. The results demonstrated that the five types of investigated honeys from different floral origins had different effects on alcohol metabolism, and the blood alcohol removal rate by these honeys ranged from 18.01% to 49.17%. Ziziphus jujuba honey exhibited the best blood alcohol removal effect, and meanwhile significantly enhanced the activity of alcohol-metabolizing enzymes including alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH). Chemical composition analysis also showed that honeys from different floral origins were considerably different in the contents of sugars, minerals, ascorbic acid and phenolics. Ziziphus jujuba honey had the highest fructose/glucose ratio, ascorbic acid and phenolics contents, and higher contents of minerals, especially K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn. This chemical composition might contribute to its better anti-alcoholic effect.


Assuntos
Etanol/farmacocinética , Flores , Mel/análise , Álcool Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Aldeído Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Etanol/sangue , Etanol/metabolismo , Frutose/análise , Masculino , Camundongos , Minerais/análise , Fenóis/análise , Robinia , Vicia , Ziziphus
11.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 20(6): 740-749, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30849276

RESUMO

Cdc42 is a member of the Rho family of small GTPases that are at the crossroads of major oncogenic signaling pathways involved in both lung and prostate cancers. However, the therapeutic potential of Cdc42 regulation is still unclear due to the lack of pharmacological tools. Herein, we report that ZCL367 is a bona fide Cdc42 inhibitor that suppressed cancer development and ZCL278 can act as a partial Cdc42 agonist. In lung cancer cell lines with varying EGFR and Ras mutations as well as both androgen-independent and androgen-dependent prostate cancer cell lines, ZCL367 impeded cell cycle progression, reduced proliferation, and suppressed migration. ZCL367 decreased Cdc42-intersectin interactions and reduced Cdc42-mediated filopodia formation. ZCL367 showed increased potency and selectivity for Cdc42 when compared to Rac1 and RhoA. ZCL367 reduced A549 tumorigenesis in a xenograft mouse model. Altogether, ZCL367 is a selective Cdc42 inhibitor and an excellent candidate for lead compound optimization for further anticancer studies.

12.
Br J Pharmacol ; 176(14): 2449-2464, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30756388

RESUMO

Myocardial fibrosis is a key histopathological component that drives the progression of heart disease leading to heart failure and constitutes a therapeutic target. Recent preclinical and clinical studies have implicated galectin-3 (Gal-3) as a pro-fibrotic molecule and a biomarker of heart disease and fibrosis. However, our knowledge is poor on the mechanism(s) that determine the blood level or regulate cardiac expression of Gal-3. Recent studies have demonstrated that enhanced ß-adrenoceptor activity is a determinant of both circulating concentration and cardiac expression of Gal-3. Pharmacological or transgenic activation of ß-adrenoceptors leads to increased blood levels of Gal-3 and up-regulated cardiac Gal-3 expression, effect that can be reversed with the use of ß-adrenoceptor antagonists. Conversely, Gal-3 gene deletion confers protection against isoprenaline-induced cardiotoxicity and fibrogenesis. At the transcription level, ß-adrenoceptor stimulation activates cardiac mammalian sterile-20-like kinase 1, a pivotal kinase of the Hippo signalling pathway, which is associated with Gal-3 up-regulation. Recent studies have suggested a role for the ß-adrenoceptor-Hippo signalling pathway in the regulation of cardiac Gal-3 expression thereby contributing to the onset and progression of heart disease. This implies a therapeutic potential of the suppression of Gal-3 expression. In this review, we discuss the effects of ß-adrenoceptor activity on Gal-3 as a biomarker and causative mediator in the setting of heart disease and point out pivotal knowledge gaps. LINKED ARTICLES: This article is part of a themed section on Adrenoceptors-New Roles for Old Players. To view the other articles in this section visit http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bph.v176.14/issuetoc.

13.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 83(4): 763-767, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30654732

RESUMO

Ethyl (R)-2-benzyloxy-2-isopropylhydrogenmalonate is a key intermediate for the synthesis of the side chain in ergopeptines. In this work, we adopted a method to prepare enantiomerically pure title monoester via immobilized Candida antarctica lipase B (Novozym 435)-catalyzed hydrolysis of the corresponding diester.


Assuntos
Di-Hidroergotoxina/síntese química , Proteínas Fúngicas/química , Lipase/química , Malonatos/síntese química , Biocatálise , Di-Hidroergotoxina/metabolismo , Enzimas Imobilizadas/química , Hidrólise , Malonatos/metabolismo , Solventes/química , Estereoisomerismo
14.
Cell Rep ; 25(13): 3733-3749.e8, 2018 12 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590045

RESUMO

RORγt is well recognized as the lineage-defining transcription factor for T helper 17 (TH17) cell development. However, the cell-intrinsic mechanisms that negatively regulate TH17 cell development and autoimmunity remain poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that the transcriptional repressor REV-ERBα is exclusively expressed in TH17 cells, competes with RORγt for their shared DNA consensus sequence, and negatively regulates TH17 cell development via repression of genes traditionally characterized as RORγt dependent, including Il17a. Deletion of REV-ERBα enhanced TH17-mediated pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, exacerbating experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and colitis. Treatment with REV-ERB-specific synthetic ligands, which have similar phenotypic properties as RORγ modulators, suppressed TH17 cell development, was effective in colitis intervention studies, and significantly decreased the onset, severity, and relapse rate in several models of EAE without affecting thymic cellularity. Our results establish that REV-ERBα negatively regulates pro-inflammatory TH17 responses in vivo and identifies the REV-ERBs as potential targets for the treatment of TH17-mediated autoimmune diseases.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30387702

RESUMO

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a major cause of heart failure without effective therapy. Fibrogenesis plays a key role in DCM development but little is known on the expression of a pro-fibrotic factor galectin-3 (Gal-3) and its role in DCM pathophysiology. In a mouse DCM model by transgenic (TG) overexpression of mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (Mst1), we studied Gal-3 expression and effects of the Gal-3 inhibitor modified citrus pectin (MCP) or Gal-3 gene knockout (KO). Gal-3 deletion in TG mice (TG/KO) was achieved by cross-breeding Mst1-TG with Gal-3 KO mice. DCM phenotype was assessed by echocardiography and micromanometry. Cardiac expression of Gal-3 and fibrosis were determined. Cardiac transcriptome was profiled by RNA sequencing. Mst1-TG mice of 3-8 months of age exhibited upregulated expression of Gal-3 by approximately 40-fold. TG mice had dilatation of cardiac chambers, suppressed left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, poor LV contractility and relaxation, 3-fold increase in LV collagen content and upregulated fibrotic genes. Four-month treatment with MCP showed no beneficial effect. Gal-3 deletion in Mst1-TG mice attenuated chamber dilatation, organ congestion and fibrogenesis. RNA sequencing identified profound disturbances by Mst1 overexpression in cardiac transcriptome, which largely remained in TG/KO hearts. Gal-3 deletion in Mst1-TG mice, however, partially reversed the dysregulated transcriptional signaling involving extracellular matrix remodeling and collagen formation. In conclusion, cardiac Mst1 activation leads to marked Gal-3 upregulation and transcriptome disturbances in the heart. Gal-3 deficiency attenuated cardiac remodeling and fibrotic signaling.

16.
Hum Fertil (Camb) ; : 1-9, 2018 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30477363

RESUMO

This study investigated the association between inflammation in infertile women and the risk of IVF-ET failure, as well as the potential effects of various lifestyles on this association. A total of 84 women undergoing IVF-ET in Beijing China were recruited, including 38 women who did not achieve pregnancy after undergoing IVF-ET and 46 women who conceived. Serum samples were collected on the second day of menstruation before the treatment cycle and the inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-1ß, interleukin-6, interleukin-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1)) were measured. Information about their lifestyle was collected by questionnaire. It was found that the serum IL-8 concentration in the women who did not become pregnant (cases) was significantly higher than in the women who did achieve a pregnancy (controls). A dose-response relationship between the serum IL-8 concentration and the risk of IVF-ET failure was observed, especially when the IL-8 concentration was >11.2 pg/mL. The same relationship was not found for MCP-1. Among the environmental factors investigated, only the frequency of staying up late was positively correlated with the serum IL-8 concentration, as well as positively associated with the risk of IVF-ET failure. It was concluded that excessive inflammation may have an adverse effect on the IVF-ET success rate in infertile women.

17.
J Immunol Res ; 2018: 7245956, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30320140

RESUMO

The effects of propolis on blood glucose regulation and the alleviation of various complications caused by diabetes have been widely studied. The main source of propolis in the northern temperate zone is poplar buds. However, there is limited research on the antidiabetic activity of poplar buds. In order to evaluate the effect of poplar buds on type-2 diabetes, crude extract and 50% fraction of poplar buds were used to feed streptozotocin-induced type-2 diabetic mice. The results showed that 50% fraction could increase insulin sensitivity and reduce insulin resistance, as well as decrease the levels of fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, and glycosylated serum proteins in diabetic mice. Compared with the model control group, the 50% fraction-treated group showed significant decreases of malondialdehyde (MDA) and increases of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in serum and liver homogenate. Moreover, 50% fraction could significantly decrease total cholesterol (TC), alleviate abnormal lipid metabolism, and enhance antioxidant capacity in the serum. For inflammatory factors, feeding of 50% fraction could also reduce the levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in liver homogenate. Taken together, our results suggest that crude extract and 50% fraction of poplar buds, particularly the latter, can decrease blood glucose levels and insulin resistance, and 50% fraction can significantly relieve dyslipidemia, oxidative stress, and inflammation caused by type-2 diabetes.

18.
Urology ; 2018 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170093

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare perioperative results and early oncological outcomes of endoscopic robot-assisted simple enucleation (ERASE) and laparoscopic simple enucleation (LSE) by using a propensity score-matched analysis. METHODS: We evaluated 383 patients who underwent transperitoneal ERASE or LSE for renal tumors from November 2012 to October 2016. Propensity score matching was performed on age, gender, body mass index, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score, tumor side and size, preoperative estimated GFR and PADUA score. RESULTS: In total, 278 and 105 patients underwent ERASE and LSE, respectively. The PADUA score was ≥10 for 61 (21.9%) and 13 (12.4%), respectively (P = .034). After matching, mean operative time and warm ischemic time were significantly lower with ERASE than LSE (171.9 vs 188.2 minutes; P = 0.016 and 20.9 vs 24.2 minutes; P = .001). The estimated mean blood loss was similar (167.7 vs 183.3 mL; P = .315). The conversion rate to open surgery or radical nephrectomy was similar with ERASE and LSE (1.0% vs 5.0%, P = .214) and the rate of intraoperative complications was lower (2.0% vs 8.9%, P = .030). The overall incidence of positive surgical margins was similar (P = .614). The median follow-up was less for ERASE than LSE patients (22 vs 38 months). Recurrence did not differ between the 2 groups: 2 ERASE cases (2.0%) versus 4 LSE cases (4.0%) (P = .679). CONCLUSION: ERASE is a safe and acceptable alternative to LSE. ERASE appears to confer shorter operative time, shorter warm ischemic time and lower rate of intraoperative complication.

19.
Food Chem ; 268: 424-430, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30064779

RESUMO

The adsorption and desorption characteristics of six different resins (NKA-9, XAD-2, AB-8, D3520, DM-130 and Polyamide) were investigated, in order to screen one resin compared favorably with XAD-2 resin for the purification of flavonoids from honey. The adsorption capacity was XAD-2 > AB-8 > DM-130 > D3520 > NKA-9 > Polyamide, and the desorption ratios of XAD-2, AB-8 and DM-130 had no significant differences, which was higher than those of D3520, NKA-9 and Polyamide. By analyzing kinetic adsorption using pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and particle diffusion kinetics models combined with kinetic desorption, the adsorption and desorption behavior of AB-8 was similar to that of XAD-2, which was excellent than other four resins. The optimal temperature for XAD-2 and AB-8 to adsorb flavonoids was 25 °C under the analysis of Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms models. AB-8 resin offers an efficient and economical choice for the purification of flavonoids from honey.

20.
Food Res Int ; 112: 152-159, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30131122

RESUMO

Sorghum procyanidins (SPC) tetramers were reported to have inhibitory effects on the adhesion of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), which is one of the primary pathogenic bacteria that cause caries. To make clear the mechanism underlying the inhibitory effects of SPC tetramers on the adhesion of S. mutans, it is important to understand the interaction between SPC tetramers and the catalytic region of glucosyltransferases-I (GTF-I/CAT) from S. mutans. In this study, fluorescence quenching, UV-visible (UV-Vis) absorption and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopies were applied to investigate the interaction between SPC tetramers and the GTF-I/CAT from S. mutans UA159. The fluorescence quenching results demonstrated that SPC tetramers combined with GTF-I/CAT protein on one binding site, and the fluorescence intensity of GTF-I/CAT protein was decreased regularly by static quenching with increasing concentrations of SPC tetramers. The UV-Vis absorption spectra of GTF-I/CAT protein were also changed with a red shift owing to the impact of SPC tetramers. In addition, the proportions of α-helix, ß-sheet and random coil in the secondary structure of GTF-I/CAT protein were obviously altered by SPC tetramers. In conclusion, SPC tetramers have a strong affinity for GTF-I/CAT protein by altering its conformation and micro-environment. Our results suggest that SPC tetramers interact with GTF-I/CAT to interfere with the adhesion of S. mutans, which may facilitate the better application of SPC tetramers in the prevention of dental caries.

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