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1.
Food Chem ; 375: 131908, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34959145

RESUMO

Microbial fermentation can break the bee pollen wall. However, the global profiling of bee pollen metabolites under fermentation remains unclear. This study aims to comprehensively elucidate the changes in the composition of bee pollen after microbial fermentation. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electron spray ionization-mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS) based on widely targeted metabolomics analysis was used to compare the chemical composition of unfermented bee pollen (UBP) and fermented bee pollen (FBP). Among the 890 metabolites detected, a total of 668 differential metabolites (classified into 17 categories) were identified between UBP and FBP. Fermentation significantly increased the contents of primary metabolites such as 74 amino acids and derivatives, 42 polyunsaturated fatty acids and 66 organic acids, as well as some secondary metabolites such as 38 phenolic acids, 80 flavone aglycones and 22 phenolamides. The results indicate that fermentation is a promising strategy to improve the nutritional value of bee pollen.


Assuntos
Metabolômica , Pólen , Animais , Abelhas , Cromatografia Líquida , Fermentação , Espectrometria de Massas
2.
Front Physiol ; 12: 790086, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34966294

RESUMO

Dry weight (DW) is an important dialysis index for patients with end-stage renal disease. It can guide clinical hemodialysis. Brain natriuretic peptide, chest computed tomography image, ultrasound, and bioelectrical impedance analysis are key indicators (multisource information) for assessing DW. By these approaches, a trial-and-error method (traditional measurement method) is employed to assess DW. The assessment of clinician is time-consuming. In this study, we developed a method based on artificial intelligence technology to estimate patient DW. Based on the conventional radial basis function neural (RBFN) network, we propose a multiple Laplacian-regularized RBFN (MLapRBFN) model to predict DW of patient. Compared with other model and body composition monitor, our method achieves the lowest value (1.3226) of root mean square error. In Bland-Altman analysis of MLapRBFN, the number of out agreement interval is least (17 samples). MLapRBFN integrates multiple Laplace regularization terms, and employs an efficient iterative algorithm to solve the model. The ratio of out agreement interval is 3.57%, which is lower than 5%. Therefore, our method can be tentatively applied for clinical evaluation of DW in hemodialysis patients.

3.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the optimal time for initiating in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) in women with complete remission after fertility-sparing treatment for grade I endometrial cancer (EC) or atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Young women who demonstrated complete remission after fertility-sparing treatment for grade I EC or AEH and underwent IVF-ET treatment were included. A generalized estimating equation (GEE) was used to compare the outcomes of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) and embryo transfer at different times after discontinuing high-dose progesterone therapy, and patients were divided into three groups: ≤ 3 months (time 1), 3-9 months (time 2) and > 9 months (time 3). RESULTS: Thirty-seven women with complete remission after fertility-sparing treatment for grade I EC or AEH underwent 75 IVF-ET cycles. Regarding initiation of COH, 10 cycles for time 1, 31 cycles for time 2 and 34 cycles for time 3 were included. The odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for the number of available embryos at time 2 and time 3 were 1.82 (1.08-3.08) and 2.45 (1.39-4.33), and those for the number of high-quality embryos at time 2 and time 3 were, respectively, 3.64 (1.34-9.87) and 3.62 (1.10-11.91), compared with that at time 1. Nineteen (51.4%) women had at least one clinical pregnancy and 13 (35.1%) women had live births. During a median follow-up period of 51 months (range 5-168 months), 10 (27.0%) women had disease relapse, with a median interval of 15.5 months (range 5-104 months). CONCLUSION: Initiating IVF-ET 3 months after ceasing high-dose progesterone therapy can lead to better outcomes of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for women with endometrial cancer or atypical endometrial hyperplasia.

4.
Food Funct ; 12(23): 11956-11965, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747428

RESUMO

Procyanidins can alleviate small-intestine damage induced by acrylamide (ACR). However, little is known about whether procyanidins, after gastrointestinal digestion, can prevent ACR-induced intestinal barrier damage and the possible mechanism. Here, Caco-2 cells were differentiated into an intestinal epithelial cell monolayer membrane, which was stimulated with or without ACR in the presence or absence of procyanidin A1 (A1) and its digestive products (D-A1). Our findings show that both A1 and D-A1 significantly increased the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) value; decreased FITC-dextran 4 kDa (FITC-4 kDa) permeability, apoptosis and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) release; and enhanced the expression of claudin-1, occludin and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) in ACR-induced Caco-2 cell monolayer membrane. In addition, A1 and D-A1 suppressed ACR-induced phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Finally, A1 and D-A1 inhibited the myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) signaling pathway, thereby maintaining normal intestinal barrier functions, similar to the MLCK inhibitor in ACR-induced Caco-2 cell monolayer membrane. These findings indicate that A1 can alleviate ACR-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction via inhibiting the MAPK/MLCK signaling pathway, and it still has excellent inhibitory effects after digestion.

5.
Neuropharmacology ; 200: 108816, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599975

RESUMO

We recently reported that intraperitoneal injection of a low dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) prevents chronic stress-induced depression-like behaviors in mice. In this study, we reported that a single intranasal LPS administration (10 µg/mouse) one day prior to stress exposure produced prophylactic effects on chronic social defeat stress (CSDS)-induced depression-like behaviors, which was indicated by the reduction in social interaction time in the social interaction test and the decrease in immobility time in the tail suspension test and forced swimming test. The single intranasal LPS administration prior to stress exposure was also found to prevent CSDS-induced anxiety-like behaviors, including prevention of CSDS-induced decrease in the time spent in open arms in the elevated plus maze test, decrease in the time spent in lit side in the light-dark test, and decrease in the time spent in central regions in the open field test, along with no changes in locomotor activity. Further analysis showed that the single intranasal LPS administration one day prior to stress exposure prevented CSDS-induced increase in levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-1ß mRNA in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. Inhibition of innate immune stimulation by minocycline pretreatment not only abrogated the preventive effect of intranasal LPS administration on CSDS-induced depression- and anxiety-like behaviors, but also abrogated the preventive effect of intranasal LPS administration on CSDS-induced neuroinflammatory responses in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. These results demonstrate that intranasal administration of innate immune stimulants could be a potential approach for the prevention of depression and anxiety.

6.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 513, 2021 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is the most extensive chronic inflammatory bone resorption disease. MiRNAs offer a potential way for potential therapy. Indeed, miR-30a-5p had an increasing expression in periodontitis gingivae, but whether it promotes osteogenesis and inhibits inflammation remains unknown. METHODS: Periodontitis model was exhibited by wire ligation and verified by micro-CT and HE staining; qPCR was used to detect the expression of miR-30a-5p; miR-30a-5p inhibitors and mimics were transfected into MC3T3-E1 cell line by lipofectamine 3000; The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment and RIP experiment were used to detect the relationship between miR-30a-5p and Runx2; Rescue experiment was used to verify the relationship between miR-30a-5p and Runx2. RESULTS: Periodontitis model was exhibited successfully and miR-30a-5p was overexpressed at the bone and gingival tissues of this model. miR-30a-5p inhibitors not only promoted the osteogenesis but also relieved inflammation. Runx2 is a target of miR-30a-5p by dual luciferase reporter gene experiment and RIP experiment. Rescue experiments revealed that miR-30a-5p inhibitors would promote osteogenesis and relieve inflammation by targeting Runx2 in inflammation of MC3T3-E1 cell line. CONCLUSIONS: That all suggested that miR-30a-5p-mediated-Runx2 provided a novel understanding of mechanism of periodontitis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Periodontite , Células 3T3 , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteogênese/genética , Periodontite/genética
7.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 725, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychological distress may exert a negative influence on reproductive function of couples at reproductive age. Couples seeking assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment may have a higher prevalence of psychological distress than fertile couples. However, whether psychological distress is associated with the outcome of ART treatment remains unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of pre-treatment psychological distress and clinical pregnancy rate among infertility couples undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. METHODS: This nested case-control study was conducted based on women who underwent their first fresh IVF or ICSI cycle in the Jiangsu Birth Cohort Study (JBC) between November 2015 and January 2019. A total of 150 women who did not obtain clinical pregnancy after first IVF or ICSI fresh embryo transfer were identified as cases, and a total of 300 age matched women who obtained clinical pregnancy were identified as controls. Conditional logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the association between psychological distress and the outcome of first IVF or ICSI treatment, adjusting for multiple potential confounders. RESULTS: No statistically significant association was observed between score of maternal symptoms of psychological distress and clinical pregnancy. Adjusted ORs of logistic regression were 1.00 (95% CI 0.97-1.03) for anxiety, 0.98 (95% CI 0.95-1.02) for depression, and 0.98 (95% CI 0.95-1.01) for perceived stress, respectively. When treat depression and anxiety as categorical variables, 62 (13.8%) were classified as clinical depression, 11 (2.4%) were classified as clinical anxiety, among 450 women in the present study. Psychological distress symptoms were also not associated with clinical pregnancy rate. Adjusted ORs of logistic regression were 0.27 (95% CI 0.03-2.33) for anxiety, 0.88 (95% CI 0.46-1.68) for depression, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings firstly indicated that psychological distress experienced prior to IVF/ICSI treatment was not associated with clinical pregnancy.

8.
Age Ageing ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma is a disease of the older people, whose prognoses are highly heterogeneous. The International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) proposed a geriatric assessment (GA) based on age, functional status and comorbidities to discriminate between fit and frail patients. Given the multidimensional nature of frailty and the relatively recent exploration of frailty in the field of MM, reaching a consensus on the measurement of frailty in MM patients remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the feasibility of performing a comprehensive GA (CGA) in older MM patients in a real-world and multicentre setting and to evaluate their baseline CGA profiles. RESULTS: We studied 349 older patients with newly diagnosed MM (age range, 65-86 years). Our results showed that a CGA is feasible for older MM patients. Using the IMWG-GA criteria, we identified significantly more frail patients in our cohort comparing to in the IMWG cohort (43% vs 30%, P = 0.002). In the IMWG-GA 'fit' group, risk of malnutrition, depression and cognitive impairment remains. The median follow-up time was 26 months (range 1-38). The median overall survival (OS) was 34.7 months, and the estimated 3-year OS rate was 50%. A high MNA-SF score (MNA-SF ≥ 12), low GDS score (GDS ≤ 5) and high CCI score (CCI ≥ 2) can be used to predict the OS of older patients with newly diagnosed MM. This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03122327). CONCLUSIONS: Our study justifies the need for a CGA in older patients with newly diagnosed MM.

9.
Autophagy ; : 1-16, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520306

RESUMO

Mutations in the macroautophagy/autophagy gene EPG5 are responsible for Vici syndrome, a human genetic disease characterized by combined immunodeficiency. Previously, we found that epg5-/- mice exhibit hyperinflammation in the lungs mediated by IL1B/IL-1ß and TNF/TNFα, resulting in resistance to influenza. Here, we find that disruption of Epg5 results in protection against multiple enteric viruses including norovirus and rotavirus. Gene expression analysis reveals IFNL/IFN-λ responsive genes as a key alteration. Further, mice lacking Epg5 exhibit substantial alterations of the intestinal microbiota. Surprisingly, germ-free mouse studies indicate Epg5-associated inflammation of both the intestine and lung is microbiota-independent. Genetic studies support IFNL signaling as the primary mediator of resistance to enteric viruses, but not of microbial dysbiosis, in epg5-/- mice. This study unveils an important role, unexpectedly independent of the microbiota, for autophagy gene Epg5 in host organism protection by modulating intestinal IFNL responses.Abbreviations: CTNNB1: catenin (cadherin associated protein), beta 1; DAPI: 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; EPG5: ectopic P-granules autophagy protein 5 homolog (C. elegans); FT: fecal transplant; IFI44: interferon-induced protein 44; IFIT1: interferon-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats 1; IFNG/IFN-γ: interferon gamma; IFNL/IFN-λ: interferon lambda; IFNLR1: interferon lambda receptor 1; IL1B/IL-1ß: interleukin 1 beta; ISG: interferon stimulated gene; GF: germ-free; LEfSe: linear discriminant analysis effect size; MAP1LC3/LC3: microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3; MNoV: murine norovirus; MX2: MX dynamin-like GTPase 2; OAS1A: 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase 1A; RV: rotavirus; SPF: specific-pathogen free; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; STAT1: signal transducer and activator of transcription 1; STING1: stimulator of interferon response cGAMP interactor 1; TBK1: TANK-binding kinase 1; TNF/TNFα: tumor necrosis factor.

10.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 9036322, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367320

RESUMO

Maintenance hemodialysis is the main method for the treatment of end-stage renal disease in China. The Kt/V value is the gold standard of hemodialysis adequacy. However, Kt/V requires repeated blood drawing and evaluation; it is hard to monitor dialysis adequacy frequently. In order to meet the need for repeated clinical assessments of dialysis adequacy, we want to find a noninvasive way to assess dialysis adequacy. Therefore, we collect some clinically relevant data and develop a machine learning- (ML-) based model to predict dialysis adequacy for clinical hemodialysis patients. We collect 250 patients, including gender, age, ultrafiltration (UF), predialysis body weight (preBW), postdialysis body weights (postBW), blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and blood flow (BF). An efficient graph-based Takagi-Sugeno-Kang Fuzzy System (G-TSK-FS) model is proposed to predict the dialysis adequacy of hemodialysis patients. The root mean square error (RMSE) of our model is 0.1578. The proposed model can be used as a feasible method to predict dialysis adequacy, providing a new way for clinical practice. Our G-TSK-FS model could be used as a feasible method to predict dialysis adequacy, providing a new way for clinical practice.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Diálise Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Diálise Renal/normas , Idoso , China , Biologia Computacional , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Lógica Fuzzy , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/patologia , Falência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(34): e26970, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449464

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to explore clinical significance of core needle biopsy (CNB) in pathological diagnosis of breast neoplasm.Seventy one breast neoplasm samples were obtained from Tongzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Beijing between the years of 2006 and 2014. Forty five specimens were obtained via CNB and cases offering 26 of them received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Pathology, histology, and immunohistochemistry results were compared between CNB specimens and excisional biopsy.Upward and downward tendencies could be observed in CNB specimens and excisional biopsy, respectively, in all items. Tumor proportion of CNB tissues was (33 + 2)/45 = 77.78%, when ductal carcinoma in situ detected by both CNB and excisional biopsy was 31/45 = 68.89%, with a consistency of (31 + 3)/45 = 75.56%. Tumor thrombus detected by both CNB and excisional biopsy was 2/45 = 4.44%. Among cases receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy, CNB and excisional biopsy, in mitotic figure, cytological scoring and histological grading, showed a total change rate of >50% (50%-75%), while changes in duct and cellular heteromorphism were not distinct. Cases showing changes were up to 73.08%, with 8/26 = 30.77% for rise and 11/26 = 42.31% for descent.CNB could be used for preoperative diagnosis of breast neoplasm, and help to determine proper treatment regimen, thus elevating the rate of breast conserving. However, this method still has several limitations, particularly in immunohistochemical tests of human epidermal receptor protein-2. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy may influence the accuracy of CNB diagnosis.


Assuntos
Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre/métodos , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre/normas , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
12.
Environ Int ; 157: 106837, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454360

RESUMO

Per- and poly-fluorinated substances (PFASs) with endocrine disrupting effect can efficiently transfer across the blood-follicle barrier. However, it is still controversial and attracting extensive public concern that whether PFASs can affect the human fertility potential. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the associations of women's exposure to PFASs with pregnancy loss, the relevant processes of fertilization, zygote implantation, and embryo development by using a prospective cohort study. The women undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) treatment were recruited in Beijing City (Beijing Center) and Yantai City (Yantai Center) in China during 2015-2017. A total of 305 women were recruited before the IVF-ET treatment. Twelve PFASs were measured in their serum samples collected in the day before the IVF-ET treatment, as well as in the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) day. The three IVF-ET outcomes were included, i.e. hCG test negative, clinical pregnancy failure (CPF), and preclinical spontaneous abortion. Nine serum PFASs had detection rate of >70% in Beijing and Yantai centers. The exposure patterns to PFASs between these two centers were overall different. For Beijing Center, we only found a positive association of perflurodecanoic acid (PFDA) with the risk of CPF [RR = 2.28 (95 %CI: 1.02-5.11)], but there is a reverse trend in Yantai Center with [RR = 0.45 (95 %CI: 0.23-0.85)]. However, the serum concentration of PFDA in Beijing Center was relatively lower than that of Yantai Center. Other significant associations of the detected PFASs with the IVF-ET outcomes, or with the relevant clinical processes, were not found. The multi-pollutant regression model of the Bayesian kernel machine regression suggested that there were no joint effects between various PFASs on the concerned outcomes. Overall, we suggest that most PFAS were not associated with early pregnancy loss at the current exposure levels. As for the PFDA, there may exist susceptibility of different populations.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Poluentes Ambientais , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Teorema de Bayes , Transferência Embrionária , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
Obstet Gynecol ; 138(1): 100-105, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dilation and curettage (D&C) is a basic, but important procedure with many applications in obstetrics and gynecology. Fractional D&C provides comprehensive sampling of the endocervix and subsequently the uterus. This study designs and validates a novel fractional D&C training simulator visualizing the intrauterine operation in real time and quantitatively assessing technical skills. METHOD: The fractional D&C training simulator, consisting of measurement hardware and visual software, can display the curette tip's trajectory and force in the uterus in real time. The simulator also presents assessment indices (the cervical coverage index, cervical overlap index, uterine coverage index, uterine overlap index) to indicate the completion degree and quality of surgical performance. EXPERIENCE: Seventy-five participants with three levels of D&C experience, including 26 novices, 24 intermediates, and 25 experts, were recruited to perform fractional D&C using the training simulator and asked to fill in a postprocedure questionnaire. All assessment indices of the novices were significantly lower than those of experienced surgeons (experts and intermediates) (P<.05). The simulator was highly regarded as a teaching tool and identified frequent areas of incomplete curettage even by experienced surgeons. CONCLUSION: The fractional D&C training simulator provides valuable visualized force-position feedback and quantitative evaluation and may be beneficial for surgical training.


Assuntos
Dilatação e Curetagem/educação , Avaliação Educacional , Feedback Formativo , Modelos Anatômicos , Treinamento por Simulação/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
14.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 6402206, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34306596

RESUMO

Background: Atherosclerosis (AS) is a common chronic vascular inflammatory disease and one of the main causes of cardiovascular/cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs). Autophagy-related genes (ARGs) play a crucial part in pathophysiological processes of AS. However, the expression profile of ARGs has rarely been adopted to explore the relationship between autophagy and AS. Therefore, using the expression profile of ARGs to explore the relationship between autophagy and AS may provide new insights for the treatment of CVDs. Methods: The differentially expressed ARGs of the GSE57691 dataset were obtained from the Human Autophagy Database (HADb) and the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and the GSE57691 dataset contains 9 aortic atheroma tissues and 10 normal aortic tissues. The differentially expressed ARGs of the GSE57691 dataset were analyzed by protein-protein interaction (PPI), gene ontology analysis (GO), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis (KEGG) and were chosen to explore related miRNAs/transcriptional factors. Results: The GSE57691 dataset had a total of 41 differentially expressed ARGs. The GO analysis results revealed that ARGs were mainly enriched in autophagy, autophagosome, and protein serine/threonine kinase activity. KEGG analysis results showed that ARGs were mainly enriched in autophagy-animal and longevity regulating signaling pathways. Expressions of ATG5, MAP1LC3B, MAPK3, MAPK8, and RB1CC1 were regarded as focus in the PPI regulatory networks. Furthermore, 11 related miRNAs and 6 related transcription factors were obtained by miRNAs/transcription factor target network analysis. Conclusions: Autophagy and ARGs may play a vital role in regulating the pathophysiology of AS.

15.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 7: 100090, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34327418

RESUMO

Background: It has been consistently shown in several meta-analyses that infants born after ART have an excess of birth defects compared with those after spontaneous conception, however, the prevalence of birth defects among ART offspring in China is incompletely studied. Moreover, it is unclear to what extent the risk of birth defects is associated with parental infertility characteristics, specific ART procedures and twinning. Methods: In the prospective cohort study, we included women who participated in the cohort, and had pregnancies of at least 20 gestational weeks between August 2016 and May 2019, and followed them until their children reached 1 year of age. Exposures of interest were ART, as well as infertility-related characteristics, certain ART procedures and specific medication usage. The primary outcome was birth defects including both major and minor defects, which we analysed with logistic generalized estimating equations to investigate the association with ART and certain ART characteristics. Findings: A total of 1,825 women with ART-pregnancy and 3,483 women with spontaneous-pregnancy were included in the analysis. The prevalence of any defects was significantly higher among ART-births than their non-ART counterparts at each follow-up, specifically at prenatal screening (2•2% vs. 1•2%), at delivery (4•9% vs. 2•9%), at 6 months (10•4% vs. 5•3%) and 1 year of age (13•9% vs. 7•0%), and the associations between ART and increased risk of birth defects at each follow-up were similarly robust. Among ART-births, GnRH antagonist regimen for ovulation induction in women was associated with an increased risk of birth defects in their offspring after taking into account potential influencing factors (Multivariable model: adjusted risk ratio [aRR] 1•47, 1•04-2•07). Additionally, mediation through twinning accounted for 31•1% of the risk of ART-associated birth defects. Interpretation: The results suggest that ART confers an increased risk for birth defects in offspring. The risk is partly attributable to infertility characteristics, certain ovulation induction regimen, and to some extent mediated by twinning. Our findings highlight the importance of long-term follow-up of children conceived via ART for health conditions. Funding: National Key Research and Development Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China and Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; 792: 148405, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34153763

RESUMO

Zinc (Zn) plays an important role in female reproductive health. Few studies have currently assessed the effects of female Zn level on the outcome of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). This study investigated the association between serum Zn concentration and IVF-ET outcomes, and the potential effects of some lifestyles on this association. A prospective cohort study design was adopted, and 305 women undergoing IVF-ET were recruited from two cities, Beijing and Shandong, in northern China. Fasting blood specimens were obtained on the day prior to the first treatment cycle. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic characteristics and lifestyle information. Serum Zn concentration was measured using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Female serum Zn levels in Beijing center were found to be significantly higher than those in Shandong center. Women who failed to achieve clinical pregnancy had significantly lower Zn concentrations among Shandong subjects, but not in Beijing or the total participants in both centers. For Beijing participants, no statistically significant associations were found between Zn concentrations and the failure risk of IVF-ET [adjusted relative risk (aRR) = 0.65, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.37-1.15]. For Shandong participants, lower Zn concentrations (< 610.3 ng/mL) were associated with a 66% increased risk of IVF-ET failure (aRR = 1.66, 95% CI: 1.10-2.51). Also, significantly positive correlations were observed between Zn concentrations and the habitual consumption of two food types, including fresh vegetables and beans or bean products, but this was not the case in Beijing. It was concluded that the effect of serum Zn concentrations on IVF-ET outcome may vary by the geographic location. Lower Zn levels might be a risk factor for IVF-ET failure among Shandong women, which can be addressed by adjusting the food intakes. These findings have implications for human infertility treatment and public health problem addressing.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária , Zinco , China , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(11): 2657-2664, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105439

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to investigate treatment options and the prognosis of patients with WM in China. This retrospective study included 1141 patients diagnosed with symptomatic WM between January 2003 and December 2019 at 35 tertiary hospitals in 22 provinces of China. Fifty-four patients (7.3%) received monotherapy, 264 (36.0%) received chemoimmunotherapy, 395 (53.8%) received other combination regimens without rituximab, and 21 (2.9%) received ibrutinib. Using a multivariable Cox regression model, age > 65 years old, platelets <100 × 109/L, serum albumin <3.5 g/dl, ß2 microglobulin concentration ≥4 mg/L and LDH ≥250 IU/L predicted poor OS. In summary, our study showed that frontline treatment choices for WM are widely heterogeneous. We validated most of the established prognostic factors in the rIPSS (age >65 years, LDH ≥250 IU/L, ALB <3.5 g/dl and ß2 microglobulin ≥4 mg/L) together with PLT ≤ 100 × 109/L indicate a poor prognosis for patients with WM.


Assuntos
Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom , Idoso , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab , Resultado do Tratamento , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/diagnóstico , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/tratamento farmacológico , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/epidemiologia
18.
Gland Surg ; 10(5): 1819-1825, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34164327

RESUMO

Considering the low incidence rates of primary sebaceous carcinoma (SC) of extraorbital sites, let alone those occur in intraoral sites, clinicopathological characteristics and histogenesis are not fully understood. In the present case, a maxillary mass was presented and a low-grade malignant tumor was suspected according to the CT scans, preoperative FNA, and clinical conditions. Other carcinomas, including acinar cell carcinoma (ACC), basaloid cell carcinoma (BCC), SCC, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, and epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC), were also considered before surgery. Due to the rare occurrence of SC and no preoperative suspects, a fresh sample was not kept. Sadly, thus cause those special stains (e.g., Oil Red O and Sudan IV) which form the primary basis for a diagnosis of SC in academic circles were missing. A comprehensive literature review identified only 10 cases of intraoral SC, of which the primary sites reported in the English literature were the buccal mucosa, mouth floor, upper labial mucosa, and tongue. Due to an absence of specific biomarkers and simulated characters, histochemistry and immunohistochemistry such as PAS, CK, EMA, p63, p53, S-100, calponin, CD117, Ki-67, a-SMA, and AR form the diagnostic standard of SC. Postoperative immunohistochemistry of our case showed S100(-), Ki-67(-), calponin(-), CD117(-), CK20(-), PAS(-), AR(+), CK(+), CK5/6(+), P53(+), P63(+), a-SMA (+). Thus the diagnosis of SC was finally made. Through discussing the findings of our case and reviewing literature, we present the histological features and discuss possible outstanding biomarkers of this neoplasm.

19.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 905: 174184, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34004211

RESUMO

Autophagy is essential to vessel homeostasis and function in the cardiovascular system. Ligustilide (LIG) is one of the main active ingredients extracted from traditional Chinese medicines, such as Ligusticum chuanxiong, Angelica, and other umbelliferous plants, and reported to have cardiovascular protective effects. In this study, we explore the effects and the potential mechanism of ligustilide on the Ang II-induced autophagy in A7r5 cells. Our results showed that ligustilide inhibited the Ang II-induced autophagy in A7r5 cells and down regulated the expression of autophagy-related proteins LC3, ULK1, and Beclin-1. Ligustilide exerted a protective effect on the reduction of the concentrations of reactive oxygen species and Ca2+ and upregulated the nitric oxide concentration in A7r5 cells with Ang II-induced autophagy. Additionally, the analyses of network pharmacological targets and potential signal pathways indicated that the target of ligustilide to regulate autophagy was related to the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. Furthermore, ligustilide could upregulate the expression of p-Akt and p-mTOR and inhibit the expression of LC3II in A7r5 cells with Ang II-induced autophagy. These findings showed that ligustilide inhibited the autophagic flux in A7r5 cells induced by Ang II via the activation of the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
4-Butirolactona/análogos & derivados , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , 4-Butirolactona/farmacologia , Angiotensina II/toxicidade , Animais , Autofagia/genética , Proteína Homóloga à Proteína-1 Relacionada à Autofagia/metabolismo , Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/genética , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 106(9): e3533-e3545, 2021 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991186

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Obesity management prior to infertility treatment remains a challenge. To date, results from randomized clinical trials involving weight loss by lifestyle interventions have shown no evidence of improved live birth rate. OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to determine whether pharmacologic weight-loss intervention before in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) can improve live birth rate among overweight or obese women. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial across 19 reproductive medical centers in China, from July 2017 to January 2019. A total of 877 infertile women scheduled for IVF who had a body mass index of 25 or greater were randomly assigned to receive orlistat (n = 439) or placebo (n = 438) treatment for 4 to 12 weeks. The main outcome measurement was the live birth rate after fresh ET. RESULTS: The live birth rate was not significantly different between the 2 groups (112 of 439 [25.5%] with orlistat and 112 of 438 [25.6%] with placebo; P = .984). No significant differences existed between the groups as to the rates of conception, clinical pregnancy, or pregnancy loss. A statistically significant increase in singleton birth weight was observed after orlistat treatment (3487.50 g vs 3285.17 g in the placebo group; P = .039). The mean change in body weight during the intervention was -2.49 kg in the orlistat group, as compared to -1.22 kg in the placebo group, with a significant difference (P = .005). CONCLUSION: Orlistat treatment, prior to IVF-ET, did not improve the live birth rate among overweight or obese women, although it was beneficial for weight reduction.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade/uso terapêutico , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Fertilização In Vitro , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Orlistate/uso terapêutico , Sobrepeso/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , China , Método Duplo-Cego , Transferência Embrionária , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina , Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso/complicações , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Resultado do Tratamento
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