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1.
PLoS Pathog ; 18(1): e1010183, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34986207

RESUMO

Antibodies are principal immune components elicited by vaccines to induce protection from microbial pathogens. In the Thai RV144 HIV-1 vaccine trial, vaccine efficacy was 31% and the sole primary correlate of reduced risk was shown to be vigorous antibody response targeting the V1V2 region of HIV-1 envelope. Antibodies against V3 also were inversely correlated with infection risk in subsets of vaccinees. Antibodies recognizing these regions, however, do not exhibit potent neutralizing activity. Therefore, we examined the antiviral potential of poorly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against immunodominant V1V2 and V3 sites by passive administration of human mAbs to humanized mice engrafted with CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells, followed by mucosal challenge with an HIV-1 infectious molecular clone expressing the envelope of a tier 2 resistant HIV-1 strain. Treatment with anti-V1V2 mAb 2158 or anti-V3 mAb 2219 did not prevent infection, but V3 mAb 2219 displayed a superior potency compared to V1V2 mAb 2158 in reducing virus burden. While these mAbs had no or weak neutralizing activity and elicited undetectable levels of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), V3 mAb 2219 displayed a greater capacity to bind virus- and cell-associated HIV-1 envelope and to mediate antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis (ADCP) and C1q complement binding as compared to V1V2 mAb 2158. Mutations in the Fc region of 2219 diminished these effector activities in vitro and lessened virus control in humanized mice. These results demonstrate the importance of Fc functions other than ADCC for antibodies without potent neutralizing activity.

2.
J Microbiol ; 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34994958

RESUMO

Two facultatively anaerobic, short rod-shaped, non-motile, Gram-stain-positive, unknown bacterial strains (JY-X040T and JY-X174) were isolated from fluvial sediments of Tongtian River in Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai province, China. Cells formed translucent, gray, round and convex colonies, with a diameter of less than 0.5 mm after 5 days of incubation at 30°C on brain heart infusion-5% sheep blood agar. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain JY-X040T and Fudania jinshanensis 313T is 93.87%. In the four phylogenetic trees constructed based on the 16S rRNA gene and 423 core genes, the two isolates form an independent branch, phylogenetically closest to F. jinshanensis 313T, but could not be classified as a member of the genus Fudania or any other genus of the family Arcanobacteriaceae. The DNA G + C content of strain JY-X040T was 57.8%. Calculation results of average nucleotide identity, digital DNADNA hybridization value and amino acid identity between strain JY-X040T and F. jinshanensis 313T are 69.9%, 22.9%, and 64.1%. The major cellular fatty acids were C16:0 (23%) and C18:1ω9c (22%). The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was A5α (L-Lys-L-Ala-L-Lys-D-Glu). The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and four unidentified components. The whole-cell sugars contained rhamnose and ribose. MK-10(H4) was the sole respiratory quinone. The minimum inhibitory concentration of streptomycin was 32 µg/ml. All physiological, biochemical, chemotaxonomic and genomic characteristics support that strains JY-X040T and JY-X174 represent members of a novel species in a new genus, Changpingibacter yushuensis gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain is JY-X040T (GDMCC 1.1996T = KCTC 49514T).

3.
Neuroradiology ; 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981174

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of using Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) on CT perfusion (CTP) map to predict a volumetric target mismatch in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: Three-hundred and seven AIS patients with an onset time within 24h or unclear onset time who underwent CTP evaluation for large vessel occlusion of anterior circulation were enrolled. CTP ASPECTS was evaluated on cerebral blood flow (CBF) and time-to-maximum (Tmax) colored maps, respectively. Automated perfusion analysis software was used to calculate the volumes of ischemic core (volumeCBF<30%) and tissue at risk (volumeTmax>6s). Target mismatch was defined as volumeCBF< 30%<70ml, volumemismatch≥15ml, and volumeTmax >6s/volume CBF< 30%≥1.8. Spearman correlation and receiver operating characteristic curves were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Strong correlations were found between CBF ASPECTS and volumeCBF<30%, and between Tmax ASPECTS and volumeTmax>6s for overall population (ρ=-0.872, -0.757) and late-arriving patients (ρ=-0.900, -0.789). Mismatch ASPECTS moderately correlated with mismatch volume for overall population (ρ=0.498) and late-arriving patients (ρ=0.407). A CBF ASPECTS≥5 optimally predicted an ischemic core volume<70ml in overall population (sensitivity, 94.4%; specificity, 80.4%) and late-arriving patients (sensitivity, 89.5%; specificity, 90.5%). A CBF ASPECTS≥6 combined with a Mismatch ASPECTS≥1 optimally identified a target mismatch in overall population (sensitivity, 84.5%; specificity, 77.0%) and late-arriving patients (sensitivity, 83.7%; specificity, 90.0%). CONCLUSION: CTP ASPECTS might be useful in predicting target mismatch derived from automated perfusion analysis software, and assisting in patient selection for endovascular therapy.

4.
Hum Cell ; 2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35072898

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is a serious threat to women's health and lives worldwide. The recovery and survival of cervical cancer can be improved by customizing therapy strategies based on individual-specific gene expression patterns. EFNA1 was reported to be dysregulated in many cancers and associated with their overall survivals, but its prognostic value in cervical cancer is still unclear. In this study, we performed analyses on the single-cell and bulk RNA sequencing data to study the role of EFNA1 in cervical cancer. EFNA1 was found to be significantly upregulated in cervical cancer tissue, especially the cancer cell subgroup within tumors, which was verified by immunohistochemistry. Through Cox regressions, we found that high EFNA1 expression is an independent risk factor for cervical cancer. Nomogram analysis indicated that EFNA1 could be a predicting factor for the survival probabilities of cervical cancer. Gene ontology and pathway analyses showed that EFNA1 was involved in many tumorigenesis pathways, protein, and virus productions. These findings suggested that EFNA1 could be a prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for cervical cancer.

5.
Int J Pharm ; 615: 121475, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041914

RESUMO

Co-amorphous supersaturated drug delivery systems are emerging as an alternative strategy to improve the water solubility of BCS II drugs. Typically, the supersaturation and stability of co-amorphous systems largely depend on the type of employed co-former. This study aims to assess the potential for active metabolites of drugs as co-former in drug-drug co-amorphous formulations. Toltrazuril (Tol) was chosen as the model drug, to which ponazuril (Pon) was added as co-former. Considering the importance of intermolecular interactions in co-amorphous systems, we performed highlighted investigations including molecular dynamics simulation and quantum mechanics calculations. The results indicated that Tol and Pon molecules were connected by N-H···O = C hydrogen bonds in the form of a complementary pairing of amide groups. Further, the solubility/dissolution and solid-state stability of the co-amorphous system were investigated. We found that co-amorphous Tol-Pon was stable for at least one month at 40 °C/75% RH, while amorphous materials underwent recrystallization within 10 days. Moreover, both drugs in the co-amorphous system exhibited enhanced "spring parachute effect" during the dissolution process. This could be attributed to the noticeably increased solid-state stabilization as well as inhibition of Pon on the crystallization of Tol from a supersaturated state. In general, our study provides some useful information and molecular insights to guide the development of drug-active metabolite-based co-amorphous formulations.

6.
Mol Pharm ; 19(1): 115-123, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927440

RESUMO

Herein, four zinc phthalocyanines (ZnPcs) with chiral lysine modification were synthesized. We found that the chirality of lysine and the chiral structure position strongly influence the properties of ZnPcs. Among the four ZnPcs, d-lysine-modified ZnPc through -NH2 on Cε [denoted N(ε)-d-lys-ZnPc] showed superior properties, including tumor enrichment, cancer cell uptake, and tumor retention capability, compared to the other three ZnPcs. Thus, chiral molecule modification is a simple and effective strategy to regulate the abovementioned properties to achieve a satisfactory antitumor outcome of drugs.

7.
Prostate ; 82(1): 26-40, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Androgen receptor (AR) is an essential transcriptional factor that contributes to the development and progression of prostate cancer (PCa). NCAPD3 is a component of the condensin II complex and plays a critical role in cell mitosis by regulating chromosome condensation; however, the relationship between NCAPD3 and AR remains unknown. METHODS: Transcriptome sequencing assay is carried out to analyze the expression of the NCAP family in clinic samples. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) sequencing, ChIP assay, and dual-luciferase assay are used to identify the androgen-responsive element in NCAPD3 enhancer. Immunohistochemistry, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and western-blot assay are employed to check the expression of genes in PCa tissues and in PCa cells. Confocal immunofluorescence microscopy analysis is used for identifying the regulation of AR on NCAPD3-mediated chromosome condensation. Colony formation, cell cycle assay, wound healing assay, and transwell experiments are used to explore the regulation of AR on the functions of NCAPD3. In vivo experiment is employed to identify in vitro experimental results. RESULTS: NCAPD3 is an androgen/AR axis-targeted gene and is involved in AR-induced PCa cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro and in vivo. Androgen treatment and AR overexpression increase the expression of NCAPD3 in PCa cell lines. The canonical exist in the enhancer region of NCAPD3. Androgen/AR axis regulates NCAPD3-invovled chromosome condensation during cell mitosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our report demonstrated that NCAPD3 is an androgen-responsive gene and upregulated by androgen/AR axis and involved in AR-promoted progression of PCa, suggesting a potential role of NCAPD3 in the PCa development.

9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 23571, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34876575

RESUMO

Traditional multivariate statistical-based process monitoring (MSPM) methods are effective data-driven approaches for monitoring large-scale industrial processes, but have a shortcoming in handling the redundant correlations between process variables. To address this shortcoming, this study proposes a new MSPM method called minimalist module analysis (MMA). MMA divides process data into several different minimalist modules and one more independent module. All variables in the minimalist module are strongly correlated, and no redundant variables exist; therefore, the extracted feature components in one minimalist module will not be disturbed by noise from the other modules. This study also proposes new monitoring indices and a fault localization strategy for MMA, and simulation tests demonstrate that MMA achieves superior performance in fault detection and localization.

10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(12)2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34878372

RESUMO

Four bacterial strains (LJ126T/S18 and Z-34T/S20) recovered from faecal samples of Tibetan antelopes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China were analysed using a polyphasic approach. All four isolates were aerobic, short rod-shaped, non-motile, Gram-stain-positive, acid-fast and fast-growing. Phylogenetic analyses based upon 16S rRNA and whole-genome sequences showed that the two pair of strains formed two distinct branches within the evolutionary radiation of the genus Mycolicibacterium. Strains LJ126T/S18 and Z-34T/S20 were most closely related to Mycolicibacterium austroafricanum CCUG 37667T, Mycobacterium aurum NCTC 10437T, Mycobacterium pyrenivorans DSM 44605T, Mycobacterium monacense JCM 15658T, Mycolicibacterium sarraceniae JCM 30395T, Mycolicibacterium tokaiense JCM 6373T and Mycobacterium murale JCM 13392T, but readily distinguished from the known species by a combination of chemotaxonomic and phenotypic features and by low average nucleotide identity values (74.4-84.9 %). Consequently, the two strain pairs are considered to represent different novel species of Mycolicibacterium for which the names Mycolicibacterium baixiangningiae sp. nov. and Mycolicibacterium mengxianglii sp. nov. are proposed, with LJ126T (=CGMCC 1.1992T=KCTC 49535T) and Z-34T (=CGMCC 1.1993T=DSM 106172T) as the respective type strains.

11.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 23(1): 12, 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881399

RESUMO

The purpose of this paper is to prepare a stable apigenin nanosuspension with a drug concentration of 1.11 mg/mL through green and efficient antisolvent method. Compared with the traditional preparation process that may use toxic reagents, in this study, a green and effective strategy was applied for the preparation of stable apigenin nanosuspension by using an antisolvent method with PEG 400 as antisolvent to improve the solubility and bioavailability. It was found that the particle size of apigenin nanosuspension was about 280 nm, and the solubility and dissolution of the nanosuspension were 33 and 3 times higher than that of the apigenin, respectively. Pharmacokinetic study showed that the Cmax and AUC 0-8 h values of the nanosuspension in fasting rats achieved about 6- and 2.5-fold enhancement than that of the apigenin, respectively. Stability test showed that the apigenin nanosuspension could be stored stably for 12 months at 25℃. Taken together, the antisolvent method with PEG 400 was proven to be a green and effective method to prepare the stable nanosuspension of poorly soluble drugs.

12.
Stem Cell Res ; 57: 102614, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34883393

RESUMO

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a nonischaemic heart muscle disease with structural and functional myocardial abnormalities. TTN truncating mutations are a common cause of DCM, occurring in ∼25% of familial cases of DCM and in 18% of sporadic cases. In this study, we generated a human induced pluripotent stem cell line ZZUNEUi023-A from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of a Kazakh DCM patient with the p. Arg26562Ter (c. 79684C>T) mutation in TTN using non-integrative Sendai virus. This cell line expressed pluripotency markers, showed normal male karyotype and could differentiate into all three germ layers in vitro.

13.
Acta Radiol ; : 2841851211069778, 2021 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34970928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Target mismatch (ischemic core, mismatch volume and mismatch ratio) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) highly relies on the automated perfusion analysis software. PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of using the ABC/2 method to rapidly estimate the target mismatch on computed tomography perfusion (CTP) imaging in patients with AIS, using RAPID results as a reference. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, 243 patients with anterior circulation AIS who underwent CTP imaging were retrospectively reviewed. Target mismatch associated perfusion parameters were derived from RAPID results and calculated using the ABC/2 method. Paired t-test was used to assess the difference of volumetric parameters between the two methods. The ability of using the ABC/2 method to predict the important cutoff volumetric metrics was also evaluated. RESULT: There was no significant difference in the volumes of ischemic core (P = 0.068), ischemic area (P = 0.209), and mismatch volume (P = 0.518) between ABC/2 and RAPID. Using RAPID results as reference, the ABC/2 method showed high accuracy for predicting perfusion parameters (70 mL and 90 mL: sensitivity=98.5% and 98.5%, specificity=100% and 100%, positive predictive value [PPV]=100% and 100%, negative predictive value [NPV]=93.8% and 92.9%; 10 mL and 15mL: sensitivity=99.6% and 99.5%, specificity=55.6% and 50.0%, PPV=96.6% and 94.8%, NPV=90.9% and 92.3%; 1.2 and 1.8: sensitivity=99.6% and 94.8%, specificity=75.0% and 96.9%, PPV=98.7% and 99.5%, NPV=90.0% and 73.8%). CONCLUSION: The ABC/2 method may be a feasible alternative to RAPID for estimation of target mismatch parameters on CTP in patients with AIS.

14.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 10760296211063877, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34898295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common complication in patients with traumatic injury. Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is a natural anticoagulant protein in the extrinsic coagulation pathway. However, the relationship between DVT after trauma and the anticoagulant activity of TFPI remains unclear. In this prospective study, we investigated the role of TFPI in trauma patients with DVT to evaluate whether the anticoagulant activity of TFPI measured by a new functional assay can be used to help predict the risk of DVT. Patients and methods: This prospective nested case-control study enrolled trauma patients and healthy volunteers. Forty-eight trauma patients diagnosed with DVT and forty-eight matched trauma patients without DVT were included in the study. 120 healthy volunteers were also included as controls. Blood samples and case information were collected at admission. Patients accepted angiography before surgery to diagnose DVT. The parameters examined included TFPI anticoagulant activity, free-TFPI antigen, blood cell counts, and routine clinical coagulation tests. Results: For the parameters of TFPI anticoagulant activity, three were markedly increased in the DVT group compared to the non-DVT group (TFPI initial anticoagulant time ratio, P = .022; TFPI whole anticoagulant time ratio, P = .048; and TFPI anticoagulant rate, P = .034). The free-TFPI antigen concentration also showed a significant increasing trend in trauma patients with DVT compared with trauma patients without DVT (P = .035). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified four independent factors for the development of DVT (TFPI initial anticoagulant time ratio, free-TFPI antigen, prothrombin time, and red blood cell count). We calculated the TFPI correlation coefficient and found that the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was .821. Conclusions: A novel functional assay was developed to measure the anticoagulant activity of TFPI. The anticoagulant activity of TFPI can be used as a potential biomarker for diagnosing DVT in trauma patients.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(51): e27112, 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34941025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The traditional Chinese medicine prescription Suhexiang Pill (SHXP), a classic prescription for the treatment of plague, has been recommended in the 2019 Guideline for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) diagnosis and treatment of a severe type of COVID-19. However, the bioactive compounds and underlying mechanisms of SHXP for COVID-19 prevention and treatment have not yet been elucidated. This study investigates the mechanisms of SHXP in the treatment of COVID-19 based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. METHODS: First, the bioactive ingredients and corresponding target genes of the SHXP were screened from the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform database. Then, we compiled COVID-19 disease targets from the GeneCards gene database and literature search. Subsequently, we constructed the core compound-target network, the protein-protein interaction network of the intersection of compound targets and disease targets, the drug-core compound-hub gene-pathway network, module analysis, and hub gene search by the Cytoscape software. The Metascape database and R language software were applied to analyze gene ontology biological processes and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment. Finally, AutoDock software was used for molecular docking of hub genes and core compounds. RESULTS: A total of 326 compounds, 2450 target genes of SHXP, and 251 genes related to COVID-19 were collected, among which there were 6 hub genes of SHXP associated with the treatment of COVID-19, namely interleukin 6, interleukin 10, vascular endothelial growth factor A, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and epidermal growth factor. Functional enrichment analysis suggested that the effect of SHXP against COVID-19 is mediated by synergistic regulation of several biological signaling pathways, including Janus kinase/ STAT3, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (Akt), T cell receptor, TNF, Nuclear factor kappa-B, Toll-like receptor, interleukin 17, Chemokine, and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 signaling pathways. SHXP may play a vital role in the treatment of COVID-19 by suppressing the inflammatory storm, regulating immune function, and resisting viral invasion. Furthermore, the molecular docking results showed an excellent binding affinity between the core compounds and the hub genes. CONCLUSION: This study preliminarily predicted the potential therapeutic targets, signaling pathways, and molecular mechanisms of SHXP in the treatment of severe COVID-19, which include the moderate immune system, relieves the "cytokine storm," and anti-viral entry into cells.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
16.
Food Chem ; 373(Pt B): 131485, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740050

RESUMO

Apigenin (APG) is a functional ingredient in many foods, but its poor water solubility results in low bioavailability. This study aimed at delivering APG and improving bioavailability by a food-friendly co-amorphous formulation of APG with oxymatrine (OMT). After preparation of co-amorphous mixture (CM), characterized by powder x-ray diffraction and thermal analysis. Then, the presence of hydrogen bonds was confirmed by vibrational spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulation. Furthermore, phase solubility and solubility studies, as well as dissolution test indicated that complexation occurred between APG and OMT in solution, which significantly improved the solubility and dissolution of APG-OMT CM. Additionally, pharmacokinetics and biological activity indicated that APG-OMT CM exhibited higher oral bioavailability and anti-inflammatory effect than pure APG. These results suggest that APG-OMT CM may be great potential for application in functional food. Importantly, the study provides a promising delivery system to improve the bioavailability of hydrophobic food ingredients.

17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6890, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824207

RESUMO

Life on Earth depends on photosynthesis, the conversion of light energy into chemical energy. Plants collect photons by light harvesting complexes (LHC)-abundant membrane proteins containing chlorophyll and xanthophyll molecules. LHC-like proteins are similar in their amino acid sequence to true LHC antennae, however, they rather serve a photoprotective function. Whether the LHC-like proteins bind pigments has remained unclear. Here, we characterize plant LHC-like proteins (LIL3 and ELIP2) produced in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (hereafter Synechocystis). Both proteins were associated with chlorophyll a (Chl) and zeaxanthin and LIL3 was shown to be capable of quenching Chl fluorescence via direct energy transfer from the Chl Qy state to zeaxanthin S1 state. Interestingly, the ability of the ELIP2 protein to quench can be acquired by modifying its N-terminal sequence. By employing Synechocystis carotenoid mutants and site-directed mutagenesis we demonstrate that, although LIL3 does not need pigments for folding, pigments stabilize the LIL3 dimer.

18.
J Microbiol ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826100

RESUMO

Four novel Gram-negative, mesophilic, aerobic, motile, and cocci-shaped strains were isolated from tick samples (strains 546T and 573) and respiratory tracts of marmots (strains 1318T and 1311). The 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that strains 546T and 573 were 97.8% identical to Roseomonas wenyumeiae Z23T, whereas strains 1311 and 1318T were 98.3% identical to Roseomonas ludipueritiae DSM 14915T. In addition, a 98.0% identity was observed between strains 546T and 1318T. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses revealed that strains 546T and 573 clustered with R. wenyumeiae Z23T, whereas strains 1311 and 1318T grouped with R. ludipueritiae DSM 14915T. The average nucleotide identity between our isolates and members of the genus Roseomonas was below 95%. The genomic G+C content of strains 546T and 1318T was 70.9% and 69.3%, respectively. Diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) were the major polar lipids, with Q-10 as the predominant respiratory quinone. According to all genotypic, phenotypic, phylogenetic, and phylogenomic analyses, the four strains represent two novel species of the genus Roseomonas, for which the names Roseomonas haemaphysalidis sp. nov. and Roseomonas marmotae sp. nov. are proposed, with 546T (= GDMCC 1.1780T = JCM 34187T) and 1318T (= GDMCC 1.1781T = JCM 34188T) as type strains, respectively.

19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(11)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846289

RESUMO

Six novel facultatively anaerobic, Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, non-haemolytic bacteria (zg-320T/zg-336, zg-917T/zg-910 and zg-913T/zg-915) isolated from animal tissues and human faeces were found to belong to the genus Corynebacterium based on the phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA gene and 262 core genes set. Based on the greatest degree of 16S rRNA similarity, zg-320T/zg-336 had the highest 16S rRNA gene similarity to Corynebacterium falsenii DSM 44353T (97.51 %), zg-917T/zg-910 to Corynebacterium coyleae DSM 44184T (98.68 %), and zg-913T/zg-915 to Corynebacterium afermentans subsp. lipophilum CIP 103500T (98.79 %). The three novel type strains had a relatively high DNA G+C content (61.2-64.4 mol%), low DNA relatedness and ANI values with their respective neighbours: 23.5/72.7 %, 25.0/72.3%and 22.6/73.1 % (zg-320T vs. Corynebacterium auriscanis CIP 106629T, Corynebacterium resistens DSM 45100T and Corynebacterium suicordis DSM 45110T); 24.4/82.3% and 23.7/81.3 % (zg-917T vs. C. coyleae DSM 44184T and Corynebacterium jeddahense JCBT); 26.8/83.7% and 27.7/84.4 % (zg-913T vs. Corynebacterium mucifaciens ATCC 700355T and C. afermentans subsp. lipophilum CCUG 32105T). The three novel species had C16 : 0, C18 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c and C18 : 0 ante/C18 : 2 ω6,9c as the major cellular fatty acids; MK-8(H2) in strain zg-917T and MK-9(H2) in strains zg-320T and zg-913T were found to be the major respiratory quinones. For the three novel species, the detected major polar lipids included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidyl inositol mannoside, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol, the cell-wall peptidoglycan was based on meso-DAP, and the whole-cell sugars mainly included ribose, arabinose and galactose. The three novel species grew optimally at 35-37 °C, 0.5 % (w/v) NaCl and pH 7.0-8.0; notably, they were tolerant of 10.5 % (w/v) NaCl. Based on the results of these comprehensive analyses, three novel species in the genus Corynebacterium are proposed, aptly named Corynebacterium zhongnanshanii sp. nov. (zg-320T = GDMCC 1.1719T = JCM 34106T), Corynebacterium lujinxingii sp. nov. (zg-917T = GDMCC 1.1707T = JCM 34094T) and Corynebacterium wankanglinii sp. nov. (zg-913T = GDMCC 1.1706T = JCM 34398T).

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(21)2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768794

RESUMO

Chloroplasts are semi-autonomous organelles governed by the precise coordination between the genomes of their own and the nucleus for functioning correctly in response to developmental and environmental cues. Under stressed conditions, various plastid-to-nucleus retrograde signals are generated to regulate the expression of a large number of nuclear genes for acclimation. Among these retrograde signaling pathways, the chloroplast protein GENOMES UNCOUPLED 1 (GUN1) is the first component identified. However, in addition to integrating aberrant physiological signals when chloroplasts are challenged by stresses such as photooxidative damage or the inhibition of plastid gene expression, GUN1 was also found to regulate other developmental processes such as flowering. Several partner proteins have been found to interact with GUN1 and facilitate its different regulatory functions. In this study, we report 15 possible interacting proteins identified through yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) screening, among which 11 showed positive interactions by pair-wise Y2H assay. Through the bimolecular fluorescence complementation assay in Arabidopsis protoplasts, two candidate proteins with chloroplast localization, DJC31 and HCF145, were confirmed to interact with GUN1 in planta. Genes for these GUN1-interacting proteins showed different fluctuations in the WT and gun1 mutant under norflurazon and lincomycin treatments. Our results provide novel clues for a better understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying GUN1-mediated regulations.

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