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1.
Food Chem ; 335: 127653, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739818

RESUMO

Buckwheat is a gluten-free crop under the family Polygonaceae abundant with beneficial phytochemicals that provide significant health benefits. It is cultivated and adapted in diverse ecological zones all over the world. Recently its popularity is expanding as a nutrient-rich healthy food with low-calories. The bioactive compounds in buckwheat are flavonoids (i.e., rutin, quercetin, orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, and isovitexin), fatty acids, polysaccharides, proteins, and amino acids, iminosugars, dietary fiber, fagopyrins, resistant starch, vitamins, and minerals. Buckwheat possesses high nutritional value due to these bioactive compounds. Additionally, several essential bioactive factors that have long been gaining interest because these compounds are beneficial for healing and preventing several human diseases. The present review demonstrates an overview of the recent researches regarding buckwheat phytochemicals and particularly focusing on the distinct function of bioactive components with their health benefits.


Assuntos
Fagopyrum/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Apigenina/análise , Fagopyrum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Flavonoides , Glucosídeos , Humanos , Valor Nutritivo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Quercetina/análise , Rutina/análise , Sementes/genética
2.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 160, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33160377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. No disease-modifying strategy to prevent or delay AD progression currently exists. Aß oligomers (AßOs), rather than monomers or fibrils, are considered as the primary neurotoxic species. Therapeutic approaches that direct against AßOs and promote Aß clearance may have great value for AD treatment. RESULTS: We here reported a multifunctional superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle conjugated with Aß oligomer-specific scFv antibody W20 and class A scavenger receptor activator XD4 (W20/XD4-SPIONs). Besides the diagnostic value, W20/XD4-SPIONs retained the anti-Aß properties of W20 and XD4 by inhibiting Aß aggregation, attenuating AßO-induced cytotoxicity and increasing microglial phagocytosis of Aß. When applied to APP/PS1 mice, W20/XD4-SPIONs significantly rescued cognitive deficits and alleviated neuropathology of AD mice. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that W20/XD4-SPIONs show therapeutic benefits for AD. In combination with the early diagnostic property, W20/XD4-SPIONs present as a promising agent for early-stage AD diagnosis and intervention.

3.
J Int Med Res ; 48(10): 300060520964698, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135515

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is relatively common in China and results in severe damage to the skeletal system. This study aimed to investigate changes in bone mineral density (BMD) over 2 years in patients with PHPT after parathyroidectomy. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with PHPT who underwent parathyroidectomy between January 2010 and December 2015. BMD and T-scores and Z-scores of the lumbar spine (L1, L2, L3, and L4) and total hip (femoral neck, great trochanter, and Ward's triangle) at baseline and 2 years after surgery were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: Thirty patients with moderate to severe PHPT (17 men and 13 women) aged 38.90±15.48 years were included. BMD, and T-score and Z-score values at the lumbar spine and total hip at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after parathyroidectomy were significantly improved compared with preoperative values. Improvement in BMD was largest at L4 (46.7%) and smallest at L1 (37.4%) in the lumbar spine 2 years after parathyroidectomy. For the total hip, the increase in BMD was largest at Ward's triangle (42.6%) and smallest at the femoral neck (37.5%). CONCLUSIONS: BMD of the lumbar spine and total hip is improved after parathyroidectomy in patients with PHPT.

4.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 14: 4685-4694, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173278

RESUMO

Background: In this study, we aim to investigate the efficiency of artesunate (AS) on Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces and metacestodes. Methods: For the in vitro assay, the eosin dye exclusion test and transmission electron microscope (TEM) were utilized to evaluate the effects of AS against protoscoleces (PSCs) from Echinococcus granulosus. In addition, mortality, ultrastructure change, reactive oxygen species (ROS) content and DNA damage were measured in order to explore the anti-echinococcosis mechanism of AS. For the in vivo assay, CE-infected mice were divided into model group, albendazole (ABZ) group (200 mg/kg), low AS (AS-L) group (50 mg/kg), moderate AS (AS-M) group (100 mg/kg), and high AS (AS-H) group (200 mg/kg). Upon 6 weeks oral administration, wet weight of cysts and the ultrastructural changes of cystic wall were utilized to evaluate the effects of AS on metacestodes. In addition, the liver biochemical parameters, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), glutathione/glutathione oxidized (GSH/GSSG) ratio in serum, and H2O2, total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) in cyst fluid were detected. Results: Both in vivo and in vitro experiments showed that AS showed anti-parasitic effects on CE. The AS could elevate the ROS level in the PSCs, which then resulted in obvious DNA damages. AS could significantly improve the liver biochemical parameters in infected mice compared with the model group (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, AS-M and AS-H decrease the TNF-α content (P < 0.05); AS-H group significantly decrease in the serum GSH/GSSG ratio (P < 0.05). The content of H2O2 in hydatid fluid treated by AS showed significant decrease compared with the model group (P < 0.01), while the T-SOD level showed significant elevation compared with model group (P < 0.01). Conclusion: In this study, we confirmed that the effects of AS on Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces and metacestodes may be related to the DNA damages induced by oxidative stress, which provided solid information for the research and development of drugs for cystic echinococcosis.

5.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170025

RESUMO

This study aimed at exploring the role of EgRad54 and the effect of harmine (HM) or HM derivatives (HMDs) on DNA damage in Echinococcus granulosus. DNA damage in E. granulosus protoscoleces (PSCs) was assessed by using a comet assay, after treatment with HM or HMDs. Efficiency of electroporation-based transfection of PSCs and subsequent EgRad54 knockdown was evaluated by using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and fluorescence intensity. Viability of PSCs was determined via eosin exclusion test, and expression of related genes was analyzed via RT-qPCR. HM and HMDs significantly (p < 0.05) increased DNA damage in E. granulosus, and upregulated EgRad54 expression. Compared with HM and HMD-only treatment groups, EgRad54 knockdown combined with HM and HMD treatment further reduced E. granulosus viability. This combined approach resulted in significant (p < 0.05) downregulation of Rad54 and Topo2a expression, and upregulation of ATM expression, whereas H2A and P53 expression was significantly higher compared with control groups. These data show that EgRad54 knockdown, combined with HM or HMD treatment, enhances DNA damage in E. granulosus via upregulation of ATM and H2A, and downregulation of Rad54 and Topo2a, thereby inhibiting E. granulosus growth, and suggest that EgRad54 is a potential therapeutic target for cystic echinococcosis treatment.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(42): 17933-17937, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043669

RESUMO

The coupling of material systems at different length scales enables new ways to take advantage of the unique properties of nano-/macroscale materials. Here, the self-organization of assembled metallacages generated ultralong nanowires, followed by the formation of nanowire-based soft films with diameters up to 6.5 cm. In contrast to previous reports that mainly focused on the preparation of metallacage assemblies with dimensions on the nano-/micrometer scale, the preparation of centimeter assemblies can serve as the bridge between nanostructures and the macroscopic world.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085462

RESUMO

Here we report two highly emissive perylene diimide (PDI)-based metallacages and explore their complexation with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, such as pyrene, triphenylene, and perylene. The fluorescence quantum yields of metallacages exceed 90% and their binding constants with perylene can reach as high as 2.41 × 104 M-1 in acetonitrile. These features enable further tuning of the emission of the host-guest complexes to obtain white-light emission based on the complementary orange emission of the metallacages and the blue emission of perylene. Moreover, owing to the huge differences of their quantum yields in solution and in the solid state, the host-guest complexes are successfully employed for information encryption. This study offers a general approach for the construction of emissive metallacages and explores their application for information encryption.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(41): 17340-17345, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016703

RESUMO

Chiral metal-organic complexes hold great promise as new functional materials that exhibit unique stereochemical and optical properties. Here, we report the formation of optically pure pillar[5]arene-based platinum chiral metallacycles. By coordination with 60° and 90° Pt(II) acceptors, planar chiral platinum triangles were self-assembled efficiently and characterized by multiple spectroscopic techniques. Optical studies indicated that these metallacycles had chiral properties: pS enantiomers showed a negative Cotton effect, and pR enantiomers exhibited a positive Cotton effect. In addition, these metallacycles also exhibited circularly polarized luminescence.

9.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 20(1): 141, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that the response of bone mineral density (BMD) to parathyroidectomy for symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is heterogeneous and difficult to predict. However, the independent factors affecting BMD in PHPT patients after parathyroidectomy remains limited and inconclusive. This study aimed to explore the independent factors affecting BMD changes in symptomatic PHPT patients after parathyroidectomy. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 105 patients with symptomatic PHPT treated at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital between January 2010 and December 2015. The primary outcome was a > 10% increase in BMD at 3 years after parathyroidectomy compared with the preoperative value, whereas the secondary outcomes were BMD changes at various measurement sites. RESULTS: A total of 105 patients with a mean age of 46.37 years were included in this study. Univariate logistic regression analysis indicated that hypertension (odds ratio [OR[: 0.032; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.001-0.475; P = 0.012), and parathyroid hormone level (OR: 1.006; 95% CI: 1.004-1.009; P = 0.044) were associated with the > 10% BMD increase. However, these results were not significant after adjustments for potential confounders. Moreover, the BMD values at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, femoral trochanter, Ward's triangle, and whole body after parathyroidectomy were significantly greater than those before the operation (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that patient characteristics were not associated with the > 10% BMD increase. However, the BMD values of the femur and lumbar spine were significantly increased in symptomatic PHPT patients after parathyroidectomy.

10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(40): 16930-16934, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926782

RESUMO

Coordination-driven Pt metallacycles have shown potential in controllable modular self-assembly, which has made a vital contribution to biomedicine, catalysis, and multiresponsive materials. Herein, pillar[5]arene units were integrated into one skeleton through coordination-driven self-assembly, resulting in the formation of a hexagonal Pt(II) metallacycle decorated with six pillar[5]arenes. The host-guest interactions of the as-prepared metallacycle (pillar[5]arenes as hosts) and 1-butyl-4-[4-(diphenylamino)styryl]pyridinium (guest) were investigated. The metallacycle was found to facilitate the coaggregation between the guests and pillar[5]arenes through a synergistic effect, thus engendering a sharp increase in fluorescence intensity. The resultant aggregate was investigated by DLS and TEM. Our studies imply that the pillar[5]arene-containing metallacycle can serve as a potential platform for realizing emission enhancement effects.

11.
Eur J Med Chem ; 203: 112517, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846314

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) is associated with tumour progression, and PAK1 has been recognized as a promising target for anticancer drug discovery. However, the development of potent PAK1 inhibitors with satisfactory kinase selectivity and favourable physicochemical properties remains a daunting challenge. Herein, we identified the 1H-indazole-3-carboxamide derivatives as potential PAK1 inhibitors using a fragment-based screening approach. The representative compound 30l exhibited excellent enzyme inhibition (PAK1 IC50 = 9.8 nM) and high PAK1 selectivity toward a panel of 29 kinases. The Structure-activity relationship (SAR) analysis showed that substituting of an appropriate hydrophobic ring in the deep back pocket and introducing a hydrophilic group in the bulk solvent region were critical for PAK1 inhibitory activity and selectivity. Additionally, the hERG channel activity of 30l demonstrated its low risk of hERG toxicity. Furthermore, it significantly suppressed the migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells by downregulating Snail expression without affecting the tumour growth. These results provide a new type of chemical scaffolds targeting PAK1 and suggested that 1H-indazole-3-carboxamide derivatives may serve as lead compounds for the development of potential and selective PAK1 inhibitors.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(42): 17903-17907, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32830970

RESUMO

Despite rapid progress in recent years, it has remained challenging to prepare well-defined metal-organic complex-based suprastructures. As a result, the physicochemical mechanisms leading to their geometrical complexity remain perplexing. Here, a porphyrin-based metallacage was used as a building block to construct octahedra via self-assembly, and the mechanism for the evolution of the metallacages into octahedra was disclosed by both experiments and theoretical simulations.

13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4919-4932, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764925

RESUMO

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder and the most common cause of dementia. Diagnosing AD before symptoms arise will facilitate earlier intervention. The early diagnostic approaches are thus urgently needed. Methods: The multifunctional nanoparticles W20/XD4-SPIONs were constructed by the conjugation of oligomer-specific scFv antibody W20 and class A scavenger receptor (SR-A) activator XD4 onto superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs). The SPIONs' stability and uniformity in size were measured by dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. The ability of W20/XD4-SPIONs for recognizing Aß oligomers (AßOs) and promoting AßOs phagocytosis was assessed by immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry analysis. The blood-brain barrier permeability of W20/XD4-SPIONs was determined by a co-culture transwell model. The in vivo probe distribution of W20/XD4-SPIONs in AD mouse brains was detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results: W20/XD4-SPIONs, as an AßOs-targeted molecular MRI contrast probe, readily reached pathological AßOs regions in brains and distinguished AD transgenic mice from WT controls. W20/XD4-SPIONs retained the property of XD4 for SR-A activation and significantly promoted microglial phagocytosis of AßOs. Moreover, W20/XD4-SPIONs exhibited the properties of good biocompatibility, high stability and low cytotoxicity. Conclusion: Compared with W20-SPIONs or XD4-SPIONs, W20/XD4-SPIONs show the highest efficiency for AßOs-targeting and significantly enhance AßOs uptake by microglia. As a molecular probe, W20/XD4-SPIONs also specifically and sensitively bind to AßOs in AD brains to provide an MRI signal, demonstrating that W20/XD4-SPIONs are promising diagnostic agents for early-stage AD. Due to the beneficial effect of W20 and XD4 on neuropathology, W20/XD4-SPIONs may also have therapeutic potential for AD .


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/imunologia , Imunoconjugados/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Receptores Depuradores/metabolismo , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/química , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Animais , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/patologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Imunoconjugados/farmacologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/patologia , Nanopartículas Multifuncionais/química , Fagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/imunologia
14.
Curr Med Sci ; 40(3): 486-492, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681253

RESUMO

PRKAG2 cardiac syndrome (PS) is a rare inherited disease due to PRKAG2 gene mutation and characterized by Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPWs), conduction system lesions and myocardial hypertrophy. It can also lead to serious consequences, such as sudden death. But the genetic and clinical heterogeneity makes the early diagnosis of PS difficult. Here we studied a family with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and other diverse manifestations. Gene analysis identified a missense mutation (Arg302Gln) in the five affected subjects of the family. The electrocardiograph performance of the five was composed of sinus bradycardia (SB), WPWs, right bundle branch block (RBBB), atrioventricular block (AVB), left bundle branch block (LBBB), supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) and atrial premature beat (APB). Among them, the youngest one began to show paroxysmal palpitation at the age of nine and was confirmed to have WPWs at 17 years old; two members progressed over time to serious conduction damage, and the proband received a pacemaker at the age of 27 due to AVB. Besides, according to cardiac magnetic resonance and echocardiography, the youngest one showed symmetric hypertrophy; three older members showed asymmetric myocardial hypertrophy characterized with a diffuse pattern of middle-anterior-lateral-inferior wall hypertrophy and especially interventricular septal hypertrophy; all five affected patients showed atrial enlargement regardless of myocardial hypertrophy at an earlier stage. In conclusion, the conduction system disorder, familial atrial enlargement and symmetric cardiac hypertrophy may occur in the early stage of PRKAG2 R302Q mutation.

15.
Neurosci Lett ; 735: 135232, 2020 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621948

RESUMO

Growing evidence suggested that energy deficiency might be involved in the pathophysiological mechanism of depression. Energy deficiency, mainly results from mitochondrial damage, can lead to the dysfunction of synaptic neurotransmission, and further cause depressive-like behavior. The antidepressant effect of resveratrol had been widely demonstrated in previous studies; however, the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate whether the antidepressant effects of resveratrol involved in the energy levels and neurotransmission in the hippocampus. We found that resveratrol and fluoxetine significantly attenuated depressive-like behaviors induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS), which evidenced by the increased sucrose preference and the reduced immobility time in a forced swimming test. In addition, resveratrol increased hippocampal ATP levels, decreased Na+-K+-ATPase and pyruvate levels, and upregulated the levels of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), mRNA expression of sirtuin (SIRT)1 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator (PGC)1α. Furthermore, resveratrol and fluoxetine increased serotonin (5-HT) levels and downregulated the mRNA expression of 5-HT transporter (SERT) in the hippocampus. The decreased protein expression of growth-associated protein (GAP)-43 induced by CUMS was also ameliorated by resveratrol and fluoxetine. These findings demonstrated the antidepressant effects of resveratrol and suggested that resveratrol was able to promote mitochondrial biogenesis, enhance ATP and 5-HT levels, as well as upregulate GAP-43 expression in the hippocampus.

16.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579335

RESUMO

One-dimensional (1D) metallic mirror-twin boundaries (MTBs) in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides exhibit a periodic charge modulation and provide an ideal platform for exploring collective electron behavior in the confined system. The underlying mechanism of the charge modulation and how the electrons travel in 1D structures remain controversial. Here, for the first time, we observed atomic-scale structures of the charge distribution within one period in MTB of monolayer MoTe2 by using scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy. The coexisting apparent periodic lattice distortions and U-shaped energy gap clearly demonstrate a Peierls-type charge density wave (CDW). Equidistant quantized energy levels with varied periodicity are further discovered outside the CDW gap along the metallic MTB. Density functional theory calculations are in good agreement with the gapped electronic structures and reveal that they originate mainly from a Mo 4d orbital. Our work presents hallmark evidence of the 1D Peierls-type CDW on the metallic MTBs and offers opportunities to study the underlying physics of 1D charge modulation.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424859

RESUMO

The chemical structures and topologies of the crosslinks in supramolecular networks play a crucial role in their properties and functions. Herein, the preparation of a type of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAM)-based supramolecular networks crosslinked by emissive hexagonal metallacycles is presented. The topological connections in these networks greatly affect their properties, as evidenced by their differences in absorption, emission, lower critical solution temperature, and modulus along with the variation of crosslinking densities. The integration of PNIPAAM and metallacycles in the networks benefits them improved bioavailability, making them serve as reagents for bacterial imaging and killing. This study provides a strategy to prepare cavity-crosslinked polymer networks for antibacterial applications.

18.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(11): 6191-6207, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374489

RESUMO

Studies examining the associations between the interleukin-6 (IL-6) rs1800795 and rs1800796 gene polymorphisms and risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) remain controversial. Our aim was to evaluate the accurately determine role of these two polymorphisms in CAD risk. PubMed, Embase, VIP, Wan fang and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. The trial sequential analysis (TSA) was conducted, and bioinformatics tools were employed. A total of thirty-seven articles were obtained. For the IL-6 rs1800795 polymorphism, 9411 CAD patients and 3161 controls were included, 4720 patients with CAD, and 5000 controls were included for the IL-6 rs1800796 polymorphism. In the pooled analysis, significant associations were only observed for the rs1800796 polymorphism (allelic: OR [95%CI] = 1.28 [1.13, 1.44], dominant: OR [95%CI] = 1.35 [1.17, 1.57], recessive: OR [95%CI] = 1.35 [1.18, 1.55], heterozygote: OR [95%CI] = 1.26 [1.15, 1.37], homozygote: OR [95%CI] = 1.62 [1.23, 2.13]). Significant associations were detected in the Asian and Mongoloid populations and 'more than 500' subgroup for the rs1800795 polymorphism. TSA confirmed the true-positive results for the rs1800796 polymorphism. The bioinformatics analysis showed that the two polymorphisms played important roles in the gene transcription. The IL-6 rs1800796 polymorphism is associated with an increased susceptibility to CAD and is a risk factor for CAD. The IL-6 rs1800795 polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of CAD in Asians, particularly in Chinese, and a decreased risk of CAD in an African population is remarkably observed.

19.
Chemistry ; 26(57): 13031-13038, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428362

RESUMO

Theranostic agents, taking the advantages of both imaging and therapeutic functions, are anticipated to be key components in the development of personalized medicine in which the therapeutic response can be real-time monitored. Herein, three metallacycles with pendent adamantane groups are prepared by coordination-driven self-assembly of PtII ligands with anticancer activities and tetraphenylethylene derivatives with emission. ß-Cyclodextrin, which shows good host-guest interactions with adamantane moieties, was added to form amphiphilic supramolecular nanoparticles with the aim to enhance the aqueous solubilities and bioactivities of these metallacycles. Moreover, when rhodamine-modified ß-cyclodextrin was used as the carrier, the release of the metallacycles from the nanoparticles could be monitored in situ through the fluorescence changes owing to the efficient fluorescence resonance energy transfer from the metallacycles to rhodamine-modified ß-cyclodextrin. In vitro and in vivo studies showed that these nanoparticles not only served as cell imaging contrast agents but also displayed improved anticancer activities, allowing them to serve as potential candidates for cancer theranostics. This study provides a simple and efficient method to prepare theranostic agents by hierarchical supramolecular self-assembly, which will pave the way for image-guided cancer therapy, targeted cancer therapy, and related biomedical fields.

20.
J Shoulder Elbow Surg ; 29(9): 1876-1883, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32446760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to propose the modified trochleocapitellar index (mTCI), assess its reliability, and evaluate its correlation with post-traumatic elbow stiffness in type C2-3 distal humeral fractures among adults. METHODS: From January 2013 to June 2017, a total of 141 patients with type C2-3 distal humeral fractures were included. The mTCI was calculated as the ratio between the modified trochlear and capitellar angles relative to the humeral axis (mTCI-HA), lateral humeral line (mTCI-LHL), and medial humeral line (mTCI-MHL) from anteroposterior radiographs taken immediately after the operation. The patients were divided into group A (with elbow stiffness) and group B (without elbow stiffness) based on follow-up results. To determine risk factors for elbow stiffness, univariate and logistic regression analyses were performed on each radiographic parameter separately, together with other clinical variables. Interrater reliability was assessed for all measurements. RESULTS: Specific optimal ranges of value were identified for mTCI-HA (0.750-0.875), mTCI-LHL (0.640-1.060), and mTCI-MHL (0.740-0.900), beyond which the likelihood of elbow stiffness significantly increased (P < .001). By multivariate analysis, mTCI-HA (odds ratio [OR] 26.22, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.39-203.07, P = .002), mTCI-LHL (OR 5.37, 95% CI 2.17-13.28, P < .001), and mTCI-MHL (OR 5.95, 95% CI 1.91-18.56, P = .002) values beyond the optimal ranges were identified as the independent risk factors for elbow stiffness. The interrater reliability of mTCI-HA, mTCI-LHL, and mTCI-MHL was 0.986, 0.983, and 0.987, respectively. CONCLUSION: The mTCI measurement method is reliable. Either too small or too large mTCI values were associated with post-traumatic elbow stiffness among adult patients with type C2-3 distal humeral fractures. The mTCI-HA showed a better predictive value than mTCI-LHL and mTCI-MHL.

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