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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4083-4088, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467717

RESUMO

Processing of Chinese medicinals with vinegar is one of the characteristic processing techniques. Vinegar is vital for the quality of vinegar-processed decoction pieces. However, there have been no specified standards for adjuvants. Through consulting relevant literature and monographs, we comprehensively reviewed the historical evolution of processing with vinegar in records, selection and application of vinegar, and summarized the relevant standards and current status of vinegar as an adjuvant in China. According to the records in literature, vinegar is effective in activating blood, moving qi, dispersing blood stasis, removing toxin, promoting appetite, and nourishing the liver. Traditionally, rice vinegar is chosen in processing. Nowadays, the vinegar made from rice under solid-state fermentation should be chosen. At present, only food standards can be taken for reference for vinegar in the processing. Integrative and specific inspection indicators are lacking, so the standards for adjuvants need to be improved urgently. In addition, the inadequacy in quality control and management is also a major problem to be solved. Through literature research, we reviewed the historical evolution and research advance in vinegar to provide a reference for the standardization and further research of vinegar used in the Chinese medicinal processing.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Oryza , Ácido Acético , Adjuvantes Farmacêuticos , Controle de Qualidade
2.
Nat Prod Res ; 35(16): 2748-2752, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414845

RESUMO

A new diterpenoid named jatrophacine (1), with an unusual 4,5-seco- rhamnofolane skeleton, was isolated from the roots of Jatropha curcas, together with eleven known diterpenoids. The structure of the new compound was elucidated through a detailed analysis of its 1 D- and 2 D-NMR spectra. The X-ray structure of jatrophol (2) is also presented. Anti-inflammatory activity with LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages revealed that compound 1 strongly inhibited the production of nitric oxide (IC50 = 0.53 µM).


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Diterpenos , Jatropha , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Jatropha/química , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Células RAW 264.7
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(6): 1393-1400, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787137

RESUMO

L~*, a~* and b~* values of prepared slices of Curcumae Rhizoma were measured by spectrophotometer. SPSS 21.0 was used for discriminant analysis to establish the color range and mathematical prediction model of prepared slices of Curcumae Rhizoma. The values of L~*, a~* and b~* of kwangsiensis ranged from 58.09-62.40, 4.53-5.66 and 23.61-24.29, while the values of L~*, a~* and b~* of phaeocaulis were between 64.02-70.71,-0.89-4.13 and 44.59-54.52, respectively. The values of L~*, a~* and b~* of wenyujin were 68.55-70.99,-0.11-1.47 and 28.26-32.19, respectively. The mathematical prediction model was proved to be able to realize 100% identification of Curcumae Rhizome of different origins through original and cross validation and external samples validation. A dual wavelength HPLC was established; the contents of 9 sesquiterpenoids and 3 Curcumae Rhizomes were determined simultaneously; and the contents of Curcumae Rhizome of different origins were determined. The results showed that kwangsiensis had higher contents of neocurdione, ß-elemene and isocurcumaenol, phaeocaulis curcumin, furadienone, demethoxycurcumin and curcumin; and wenyujin mainly contained curdione, furadienes and guimarone. Pearson correlation analysis on L~*, a~*, b~* value and content of 12 components showed that curcumin, furadienone, demethoxycurcumin and curcumin had a significant positive correlation with b~* value(P<0.01). There was a significant negative correlation between neocurdione, ß-elemene and isocurcumaenol and L~* value(P<0.01). Curdione, furadienes and guimarone were significantly correlated with L~* value(P<0.01),indicating that the appearance co-lor of Curcumae Rhizoma could reflect the change of the content of the internal components. This study provided reference for the rapid recognition of Curcumae Rhizoma and the establishment of quality evaluation system.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Rizoma , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cor , Curcuma
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(16): 3863-3870, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893582

RESUMO

This study aimed to establish a rapid and accurate method for identification of raw and vinegar-processed rhizomes of Curcuma kwangsiensis, in order to predict the content of curcumin compounds for scientific evaluation. A complete set of bionics recognition mode was adopted. The digital odor signal of raw and vinegar-processed rhizomes of Curcuma kwangsiensis were obtained by e-nose, and analyzed by back propagation(BP) neural network algorithm, with the accuracy, the sensitivity and specificity in discriminant model, correlation coefficient as well as the mean square error in regression model as the evaluation indexes. The experimental results showed that the three indexes of the e-nose signal discrimination model established by the neural network algorithm were 100% in training set, correction set and prediction set, which were obviously better than the traditional decision tree, naive bayes, support vector machine, K nearest neighbor and boost classification, and could accurately differentiate the raw and vinegar products. Correlation coefficient and mean square error of the regression model in prediction set were 0.974 8 and 0.117 5 respectively, and could well predict curcumin compounds content in Curcuma kwangsiensis, and demonstrate the superiority of the simulation biometrics model in the analysis of traditional Chinese medicine. By BP neural network algorithm, e-nose odor fingerprint could quickly, conveniently and accurately realize the discrimination and regression, which suggested that more bionics information acquisition and identification patterns could be combined in the field of traditional Chinese medicine, so as to provide ideas and methods for the rapid evaluation and stan-dardization of the quality of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Nariz Eletrônico , Ácido Acético , Teorema de Bayes , Curcuma , Redes Neurais de Computação , Rizoma
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(23): 5599-5606, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496097

RESUMO

Based on fingerprint and network pharmacology,the whole process quality control of Zhuru Decoction was conducted and efficacy-related substances were predicted.The fingerprints of raw materials,decoction pieces and Zhuru Decoction were established,and 25 common peaks were identified,including 9 common chromatographic peaks of 3'-hydroxy puerarin,puerarin,3'-methoxy puerarin,puerarin,aperioside,daidzin,daidzein,liquiritin,glycyrrhizic acid and 6-gingerol, with similarity all greater than 0.95.The main groups of pharmacodynamic substances can be transferred from raw materials,decoction pieces to Zhuru Decoction step by step,with a clear affiliation relationship.Based on the testability and traceability,the active ingredients were screened,and the network relationship of "component-target-pathway" was constructed and analyzed for the nine chemical components screened by network pharmacology.The enriched pathways included energy metabolism,alcoholism,and smooth muscle contraction and relaxation-related pathways.The nine active components of Zhuru Decoction may achieve the effects of clearing heat, alleviating a hangover, harmonizing stomach and stopping vomiting through these signaling pathways.Based on transitive and traceable properties of the above 9 components as well as their close relationship to the efficacy of Zhuru Decoction,these 9 components can be identified as potential efficacy-related substances and provide basis for the overall quality control of Zhuru Decoction.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ácido Glicirrízico , Prescrições , Controle de Qualidade
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(20): 4460-4466, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872633

RESUMO

Totally 21 batches of Gastrodiae Rhizoma pieces from various habitats with different appearance characteristics were analyzed. Five active components( gastrodin,4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol,parishin B,parishin C,and parishin A) were determined by UPLC. Polysaccharide content was determined by phenol sulfuric acid method. And the content of alcohol extracts was determined. The correlation between appearance characteristics and active components,polysaccharide content and amount of alcohol extracts of Gastrodiae Rhizoma pieces was statistically analyzed by SPSS 19. 0 software. And the five active components in the 21 Gastrodiae Rhizoma pieces were clustered by using the Ward' s method in SPSS 19. 0 software. The study found that inconspicuous keratinous Gastrodiae Rhizoma had a low content of each component,and the degree of keratin was positively correlated with the content of each component and the extract,with no significant correlation with the polysaccharide content. In the cluster analysis,the 21 batches were divided into three groups,except the second group whose gastrodin content was significantly higher than the special conditions of other groups. According to the content of the five active components,19 batches of Gastrodiae Rhizoma pieces were classified into two groups with obvious keratin and no obvious keratin. In terms of color,with the deepening of brown color,the content of each component showed a downward trend. The grading of decoction pieces of Gastrodiae Rhizoma shall give full consideration to the color and texture. And the combination of chemical composition and appearance characteristics is an indicator to evaluate the product specification standards.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Gastrodia , Rizoma
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(19): 4300-4308, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872713

RESUMO

As an outstanding representative of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM),ancient classical prescriptions carry the profound accumulation of the splendid civilization of Chinese medicine for thousands of years. It is the best part of the great treasure-house of Chinese medicine after thousands of years' training of TCM theory. It condenses the wisdom of all generations of doctors,and as the summary of clinical experience,it is the most brilliant pearl in the treasure house of TCM. The in-depth research and development of ancient classic prescriptions is a golden key to excavate the treasure house of TCM,which not only conforms to the development trend of TCM industry,but also brings unprecedented opportunities and challenges for the inheritance and innovation of contemporary Chinese herbal compound preparations. However,as a " new member" in the national drug research and development system,classic prescriptions have no specific implementation rules although the guidance is given by macro policies,and there is no successful case of research and development according to the registration requirements. Therefore,unified consensus and standards have not yet been formed for some key issues in the process of the development of the classic prescriptions,and much work is still in the exploration stage,so it is necessary to conduct in-depth research and discussion on these issues. In this paper,the problems in the research process of classical prescriptions were summarized,such as the resources of medicinal materials,the processing of decoction pieces,the prescription dosage,the molding technology and the quality evaluation,and the research strategy was put forward after analysis,hoping to provide a reference for the research and development of classical prescriptions.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Prescrições , Padrões de Referência
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(18): 3985-3993, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872735

RESUMO

In order to determine the quality evaluation method for standard decoction of Coptidis Rhizoma,15 batches of standard decoction of Coptidis Rhizoma were prepared by using standardized process. Parameters such as traits,p H value,indicative component content,fingerprint similarity,composition transfer rate and dry extract rate were selected as the indexes for quality evaluation. Similarity evaluation and cluster analysis were performed for HPLC fingerprint of standard decoction,and mathematical model was used to study the correlation between dry extract rate,berberine content,berberine transfer rate in standard decoction and berberine content in decoction pieces. The results showed that the similarity of fingerprints was greater than 0. 99 for these 15 batches of standard decoctions of Coptidis Rhizoma. In cluster analysis,the standard decoctions of Coptidis Rhizoma from 4 producing areas were classified into 3 categories,consistent with the content determination results,indicating that there were quality differences among different producing areas.R2 in three linear regression mathematical models established was all greater than 0. 9,with significant difference. The validation of three batches of data showed that the models had good accuracy. Therefore,this model can be used to predict the quality of standard decoction prepared from different Coptidis Rhizoma pieces. In the standard decoction process established in this study,the integrity of the traditional process was greatly preserved,and the established quality evaluation method could be used to comprehensively examine the quality of the standard decoction,which can provide a demonstration for the related research of water extraction preparation containing Coptidis Rhizoma pieces.


Assuntos
Berberina/análise , Coptis/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Controle de Qualidade , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Modelos Lineares , Rizoma/química
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(18): 4026-4033, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872741

RESUMO

An analysis method was established by UPLC fingerprint and then applied to simultaneous determination of multiple compounds in Gardeniae Fructus from different areas in China. Samples were separated on a Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18( 2. 1 mm×50 mm,1. 7 µm) column with 0. 1% formic acid-water and acetonitrile solution as gradient mobile phase at a flow rate of 0. 4 m L·min-1 at various wavelengths. The similarity of samples was over 0. 95 with ″Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine( 2012 edition) ″. The UPLC common fingerprints for 32 batches were established with 19 common peaks identified. The samples were divided into 3 groups analyzed by HCA and PCA. Five components were identified as the main compositions which caused the differences of chemical constituents in the samples from different areas with partial least squares discriminant analysis( PLS-DA). The content of the total components in each area was Zhejiang > Fujian > Jiangxi > Sichuan. This method was accurate and viable,could be used to evaluate the quality of Gardeniae Fructus.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Frutas/química , Gardenia/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(12): 2499-2510, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359717

RESUMO

Ten batches of Angelica sinensis from three producing areas( Tuoxiang,Minxian and Weiyuan of Gansu province) were selected as the research objects,and processed into raw A. sinensis,A. sinensis with alcohol,and A. sinensis with soil respectively through the standard processing methods. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography( UPLC) was used to establish fingerprint for three processed products of A. sinensis,and determine the contents of 9 phenolic acids and phthalide compounds. The similarity was analyzed with Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine,which showed that the chromatographic peaks of the same processed samples of A. sinensis were basically similar,with all similarities greater than 0. 950. The difference between different processed products and their control spectra was not obvious,with all similarities also higher than 0. 950.On the basis of using principal component analysis( PCA) and OPLS-DA to seek the difference components between groups,the improved distance coefficient method can be used to effectively distinguish the three processed products of A. sinensis by fingerprint similarity. At the same time,the determination method of nine phenolic acids and phthalide in A. sinensis was established by UPLC,and the comparison between different processed products was carried out. The results showed that the content of various components was changed as compared with the raw A. sinensis. The contents of coniferyl ferulate and ligustilide in the A. sinensis with alcohol were increased significantly,and the content of coniferyl ferulate was obviously increased in A. sinensis with soil. The method established in this paper can effectively distinguish different processed products of A. sinensis and determine the content of the main components in them.


Assuntos
Angelica sinensis/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , 4-Butirolactona/análogos & derivados , 4-Butirolactona/análise , Benzofuranos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ácidos Cumáricos/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Análise de Componente Principal
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(10): 2051-2058, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355560

RESUMO

To establish ultra performance liquid chromatography( UPLC) fingerprint of Puerariae Lobatae Radix from different habitats and simultaneously determine the contents of six isoflavonoids. The UPLC fingerprint analysis and content determination were performed on a Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18)( 2. 1 mm×50 mm,1. 7 µm) chromatographic column,with acetonitrile-0. 05% formic acid as mobile phase for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 250 nm; the flow rate was 0. 2 mL·min~(-1); the column temperature was 30 ℃ and the injection volume was 2 µL. Similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) was adopted; principal component analysis( PCA) and discriminant analysis by partial least square method( PLS-DA) in Simca-P software were used to identify the differential components in samples from three habitats. The similarity was over 0. 90 in 29 batches of samples,indicating good consistency of the samples. The samples were clustered into 3 categories by PCA and PLS-DA,and six differential components such as puerarin apioside,daidzin,and isoflavoues aglycone were found. The determination results of 6 isoflavones,including 3'-hydroxy puerarin,puerarin,3'-methoxy puerarin,puerarin apioside,daidzin,and isoflavoues aglycone,showed that the content of the same component and the fluctuation range between different components were all different among different habitats. The total content of 6 isoflavones from different regions was Anhui 11. 21% >Henan 10. 97% >Shannxi 9. 38%. The establishment of UPLC fingerprint combined with simultaneous determination of 6 active components provides a more comprehensive reference for quality control and quality evaluation of Puerariae Lobatae Radix.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Ecossistema , Flavonoides/análise , Pueraria/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Raízes de Plantas/química
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(24): 5413-5420, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237388

RESUMO

To optimize the technology of Gardeniae Fructus processed with ginger juice,establish fingerprints and simultaneously determine seven compounds( geniposidic acid,chlorogenic acid,genipin-1-ß-D-gentiobioside,geniposide,rutin,crocin Ⅰ,and crocin Ⅱ) by using ultra high performance liquid chromatography( UPLC). Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18( 2. 1 mm×50 mm,1. 7µm) column was used with acetonitrile and 0. 1% formic acid solution as mobile phase for gradient elution at the flow rate of 0. 4 m L·min-1. The data was comprehensively processed and analyzed with similarity evaluation,principal component analysis( PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis( PLS-DA) methods. Twenty common peaks were identified in this study,and the similarity of samples was over 0. 97. The results of PCA and PLS-DA showed that there were differences in chemical compositions and contents between the raw Gardeniae Fructus and those processed with ginger juice,with 9 potential differentiated chromatographic peaks. After being processed with ginger juice,the contents of chlorogenic acid,crocin Ⅰ and crocin Ⅱ were less than before and the contents of other four compositions were higher than before. The optimized preparation for Gardeniae Fructus processed with ginger juice was stable and feasible. The methods of UPLC fingerprints and simultaneous determination of seven components can be effectively carried out to distinguish Gardeniae Fructus and Gardeniae Fructus processed with ginger juice.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Gardenia/química , Gengibre , Tecnologia Farmacêutica/métodos , Carotenoides/análise , Ácido Clorogênico/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Frutas/química
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(11): 2288-2294, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29945381

RESUMO

To analyse the quality of three processed products of Rhizome of Curcuma wenyujin by establishing an ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) method for simultaneously determining five sesquiterpene components in three processed products of rhizome of C. wenyujin and establishing UPLC fingerprints. Component determination was achieved on Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column(2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.7 µm), with acetonitrile-water as mobile phase for gradient elution. The flow rate was 0.3 mL·min⁻¹; column temperature was 30 °C; the detection wavelength was set at 214 nm and injection volume was 1 µL. The similarity was analyzed with "Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Chinese Materia Medica (2012.130723)", and hydrophobic cluster analysis (HCA), principal components analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were conducted by using simca-p14.1 software to investigate the differences in components among these three kinds of processed products. The curzerene, curdione, curcumol, germacrone, furanodiene and ß-elemene showed good linearity relationship with chromatographic peak area within the ranges of 10.8-320(r=0.999 9), 10.36-259(r=0.998 1), 10.54-263.5(r=0.999 3), 30.2-755(r=0.999 6)and 34.38-862(r=0.999 9)mg·L⁻¹, respectively; their average recoveries were 98.75%, 98.69%, 98.63%, 99.76% and 99.57% respectively, with RSD of 2.67%, 1.47%, 1.29%, 2.54% and 0.87% respectively. The similarity of 30 batches of samples was larger than 0.9, indicating good consistency of the samples. The samples can be clearly classified into three categories for HCA, PCA and OPLS-DA pattern recognition, the differential chromatographic peak among three processed products was found respectively. The results showed that the pharmacology basis had changed obviously after processing of Rhizome of C. wenyujin, so it can provide the scientific basis for rational clinical application and establishing quality standards of three processed products of Rhizome of curcuma wenyujin.


Assuntos
Curcuma/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Rizoma/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29725355

RESUMO

The Raw Curcumae Rhizoma (R-CR), included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia Edition 2015, is a well-known Chinese herbal medicine. However, the vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma (V-CR) is used more widely than R-CR. The pharmacokinetics comparison of R-CR and V-CR after oral administration to rats is poorly understood. A novel method, rapid resolution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (RRLC-MS) coupled with a sensitive, specific, and convenient microdialysis sampling method, free from endogenous interference was developed in this research. The extracts of R-CR and V-CR were administered orally to each group of rats. The blood and liver microdialysis probes were positioned within the jugular vein toward the right atrium and the median lobe near the center of the liver, respectively. Then, a double-peak phenomenon was observed in the concentration-time curves of curdione in R-CR group, while it was not observed in V-CR group. The liver-to-blood distribution ratio of curdione in V-CR group increased significantly (P < 0.05) compared to that of R-CR group. However, compared with V-CR group, the pharmacokinetic parameters of curcumol exhibited no statistically significant differences from those of R-CR group. These results indicate that vinegar-processed procedure has influence on the pharmacokinetic process of Curcumae Rhizoma in/ns. RRLC-MS coupled with microdialysis system could be used to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of typical constituents in Curcumae Rhizoma after oral administration.

15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(13): 2538-2545, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28840696

RESUMO

To compare the effects of Curcumae Rhizoma/vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizomaon immune hepatic fibrosis, proliferation of HSC-T6, and expressions of α-SMA and Procollagen I. The immunological liver fibrosis model was prepared through intraperitoneal injection with porcine serum 0.5 mL in each rat, twice a week, for 14 weeks. Expressions of serum ALT, AST, PC-Ⅲ, IV-C, LN, HA and HYP, MDA in liver tissues were observed after administration of Curcumae Rhizoma/vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma (0.95, 1.90 g•kg⁻¹). The pathological changes in liver tissues were observed by HE staining. Masson staining and Sirius red staining were used to observe the expression of collagen in rat liver. HSC-T6 was cultured, and the proliferation of HSC-T6 was determined by MTT assay at different concentrations in 12, 24, 36, 48 h. The expressions of α-SMA and Procollagen I were detected by Real-time PCR. The results showed that expressions of serum ALT, AST, PC-Ⅲ, IV-C, LN and HA in Curcumae Rhizoma/vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma groups (0.95, 1.90 g•kg⁻¹) were significantly lower than model group; in terms of effect, vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma group was superior to Curcumae Rhizoma group. Curcumae Rhizoma/vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma containing serum could inhibit the proliferation of HSC-T6 in a dose-effect and time-effect manner. Expressions of α-SMA and Procollagen I in HSC-T6 were decreased after 24 h, especially in 20% vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma containing serum group (P<0.01). Both Curcumae Rhizoma/vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma could reduce immune hepatic fibrosis to varying extent. Their anti-hepatic fibrosis mechanism may be correlated with inhibition of the proliferation of HSC-T6, and reduction of the formation of extracellular matrix and promotion of its degradation.


Assuntos
Actinas/metabolismo , Curcuma/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Pró-Colágeno/metabolismo , Ácido Acético , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Ratos , Rizoma/química
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28666227

RESUMO

The rhizome of Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge. is commonly used as an herbal medicine in China. In this study, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF-MS) was used, in both negative and positive ion modes, to comprehensively analyze the chemical constituents of A. asphodeloides. From the intact precursor ions, MS/MS fragmentation information, and previous reports, we identified 89 compounds. These compounds included 8 cyclic peptides, 11 flavones (9 xanthones), 45 steroidal saponins, 15 fatty acids, 3 lignans, and 7 other compounds. Dimer xanthones and cyclic peptides are reported for the first time in A. asphodeloides. The analytical method we have developed is simple, reliable, and effective. The results provide comprehensive information on the metabolite profile of A. asphodeloides, which may benefit the quality control and further utilization of A. asphodeloides.


Assuntos
Anemarrhena/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Rizoma/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos , Saponinas/análise , Xantonas/análise
17.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 51(10): 1600-8, 2016 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29932608

RESUMO

UHPLC-QTOF/MS technique was used to study the differences of lignans and their metabolites derived from Schisandra chinensis and vinegar Schisandra chinensis in rat plasma, bile, urine and faeces by the data processing techniques such as the dynamic background subtract(DBS), mass defect filtering(MDF) and enhance peak list (EPL) in analysis. In order to enhance accuracy for Schisandra chinensis hepatoprotective effect, we established rat acute alcoholic liver injury model in this experiment, and studied the prototype components and metabolisms of Schisandra lignans in vivo under pathological condition. The main ingredients of alcohol extract are lignans, including deoxyschizandrin, schisandrin B, schizandrin C, schizandrol, schizandrol B,schisantherin, schisantherin B, schisanhenol, gomisin G, gomisin J. The metabolic transformation of lignans in rats was mainly induced by methylation, hydroxyl, oxidation, and so on. Finally, we identified 6 kinds of prototype components and their 20 potential metabolites in Schisandra chinensis group and vinegar Schisandra chinensis group.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Lignanas/farmacocinética , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/metabolismo , Schisandra/química , Ácido Acético , Animais , Bile , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ciclo-Octanos , Dioxóis , Fezes , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Plasma , Compostos Policíclicos , Ratos , Urina
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(7): 1318-1324, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28879750

RESUMO

To explore the effect of vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma on endogenous metabolites in bile by investigating the endogenous metabolites difference in bile before and after Curcumae Rhizoma was processed with vinegar. Alcohol extracts of crude and vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma, as well as normal saline were prepared respectively, which were then given to the rats by intragastric administration for 0.5 h. Then common bile duct intubation drainage was conducted to collect 12 h bile of the rats. UPLC-TOF-MS analysis of bile samples was applied after 1∶3 acetonitrile protein precipitation; unidimensional statistics were combined with multivariate statistics and PeakView software was compared with network database to identify the potential biomarkers. Vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma extracts had significant effects on metabolites spectrum in bile of the rats. With the boundaries of P<0.05, 13 metabolites with significant differences were found in bile of crude and vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma groups, and 8 of them were identified when considering the network database. T-test unidimensional statistical analysis was applied between administration groups and blank group to obtain 7 metabolites with significant differences and identify them as potential biomarkers. 6 of the potential biomarkers were up-regulated in vinegar-processed group, which were related to the metabolism regulation of phospholipid metabolism, fat metabolism, bile acid metabolism, and N-acylethanolamine hydrolysis reaction balance, indicating the mechanism of vinegar-processed Curcumae Rhizoma on endogenous metabolites in bile of the rats.


Assuntos
Ácido Acético , Bile/metabolismo , Curcuma/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Rizoma/química , Animais , Etanolaminas , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(14): 2571-2575, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28905588

RESUMO

In order to compare the effect of sulfur fumigation processing and direct hot air heating technology on puerarin contents and efficacy of Puerariae Thomsonii Radix, the fresh roots of Pueraria thomsonii were cut into small pieces and prepared into direct sunshine drying samples, direct hot air drying samples, and sulfur fumigation-hot air drying samples. Moisture contents of the samples were then determined. The puerarin contents of different samples were compared by HPLC method. Moreover, the models of drunkenness mice were established, and then with superoxide dismutase (SOD) content as the index, aqueous decoction extracts of Puerariae Thomsonii Radix samples with sulfur fumigation processing and non-sulfur fumigation processing methods were administrated by ig; the effects of sulfur fumigation on contents of SOD in mice liver and serum were determined, and the sulfur fumigation samples and non-sulfur fumigation samples were investigated for moth and mildew under different packaging and storage conditions. Results showed that the sulfur fumigation samples significantly changed the puerarin content from Puerariae Thomsonii Radix. The content of puerarin was decreased gradually when increasing the times of sulfur fumigation and amount of sulfur. SOD content in drunken mice liver and serum was significantly decreased when increasing the times of sulfur fumigation, showing significant difference with both direct sunshine drying group and direct hot air drying group. Moth and mildew were not found in the sulfur fumigation samples and direct hot air drying samples whose moisture contents were lower than the limit in Pharmacopoeia. Research showed that sulfur fumigation can significantly reduce the content of main active ingredients and reduce the efficacy of Puerariae Thomsonii Radix, indicating that the quality of Puerariae Thomsonii Radix was significantly decreased after sulfur fumigation. However, the contents of the main active ingredients, efficacy and storage results of the direct hot air drying samples were similar to those in direct sunshine drying samples, so the hot air drying process was a nice drying technology which could be promoted for use.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Fumigação , Temperatura Alta , Isoflavonas/análise , Pueraria/química , Enxofre/química , Animais , Camundongos , Superóxido Dismutase/análise
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(14): 2576-2580, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28905589

RESUMO

To observe the effects of Atractylodis Macrocephale Rhizoma processed by different methods (sulfur-fumigation, different temperatures baking and microwave sterilization) on salivary amylase and D-xylose excretion rate in spleen deficiency rats. The rats were divided into blank control group, rhubarb-induced spleen deficiency model control group, and Atractylodis Macrocephale Rhizoma experimental groups processed with different methods. Amylase colorimetric method was used to determine the activities of salivary amylase and D-xylose excretion rate was measured with O-benzylamine method. Then the correlation of salivary amylase activity and D-xylose excretion rate in urinary was analyzed. As compared with blank control group, Atractylodis Macrocephale Rhizoma baked at 100,110 ℃ can increase the unit content of rat salivary amylase and D-xylose excretion rate, with a significant difference (P<0.05). As compared with the model group, Atractylodis Macrocephale Rhizoma baked at 70 ℃ and Atractylodis Macrocephale Rhizoma with microwave treatment had stronger effects than the others, with statistically significant differences (P<0.01). Atractylodis Macrocephale Rhizoma could improve D-xylose absorption function and salivary amylase activity in spleen deficiency rats. In addition, D-xylose excretion rate in urine was positively correlated with salivary amylase activity. Atractylodis Macrocephale Rhizoma processed with different temperatures baking and microwave sterilization had little impact on salivary amylase activity and D-xylose excretion rate in urine of spleen deficiency rats, while sulfur fumigation had great effects on the above two indexes.


Assuntos
Amilases/análise , Atractylodes/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Saliva/enzimologia , Xilose/análise , Animais , Ratos , Rizoma/química
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