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1.
J Control Release ; 338: 583-592, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481020

RESUMO

Glioblastoma, the most common malignant tumor of the central nervous system, readily relapses after surgery. Based on the CD47-SIRPα axis, we designed and implanted a thermo-sensitive hydrogel loaded with a gene complex into the postoperative cavity to inhibit the immune escape of residual tumor cells after surgery. A novel non-viral vector, G5-BGG, was synthesized and formed into a gene complex with shRNA plasmid. Our results showed that the G5-BGG/shRNA871 complex downregulated CD47 protein expression, leading to enhanced phagocytosis of U87MG cells by marrow-derived macrophages. G5-BGG/pDNA complex was loaded into a poly(lactide-co-glycolide)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA-PEG-PLGA) hydrogel. Studies confirmed that the G5-BGG/pDNA complex remained integrated in the hydrogel and was sustainably released for up to 7 days. In an in vivo orthotopic U87MG postoperative tumor model, G5-BGG/shRNA871-loaded hydrogel combined with temozolomide downregulated CD47 protein expression, increased macrophage infiltration into residual tumors, and significantly prolonged the survival time of mice, indicating potential applications for glioblastoma treatment.

2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 273: 118592, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560993

RESUMO

N-trimethyl chitosan (TMC) is a multifunctional polymer that can be used in various nanoparticle forms in the pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and biomedical fields. In this study, TMC was used as a mucoadhesive adjuvant to enhance the oral bioavailability and hence antitumour effects of gemcitabine formulated into nanocomplexes composed of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGA NPs) conjugated with d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS). A central composite design was applied to achieve the optimal formulation. Cellular uptake and drug transportation studies revealed the nanocomplexes permeate over the intestinal cells via adsorptive-mediated and caveolae-mediated endocytosis. Pharmacokinetic studies demonstrated the oral drug bioavailability of the nanocomplexes was increased 5.1-fold compared with drug solution. In pharmacodynamic studies, the formulation reduced tumour size 3.1-fold compared with the drug solution. The data demonstrates that TMC modified nanocomplexes can enhance gemcitabine oral bioavailability and promote the anticancer efficacy.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445466

RESUMO

To optimize the anti-tumor efficacy of combination therapy with paclitaxel (PTX) and imatinib (IMN), we used coaxial electrospray to prepare sequential-release core-shell microparticles composed of a PTX-loaded sodium hyaluronate outer layer and an IMN-loaded PLGA core. The morphology, size distribution, drug loading, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR), in vitro release, PLGA degradation, cellular growth inhibition, in vivo vaginal retention, anti-tumor efficacy, and local irritation in a murine orthotopic cervicovaginal tumor model after vaginal administration were characterized. The results show that such core-shell microparticles were of spherical appearance, with an average size of 14.65 µm and a significant drug-loading ratio (2.36% for PTX, 19.5% for IMN, w/w), which might benefit cytotoxicity against cervical-cancer-related TC-1 cells. The DSC curves indicate changes in the phase state of PTX and IMN after encapsulation in microparticles. The FTIR spectra show that drug and excipients are compatible with each other. The release profiles show sequential characteristics in that PTX was almost completely released in 1 h and IMN was continuously released for 7 days. These core-shell microparticles showed synergistic inhibition in the growth of TC-1 cells. Such microparticles exhibited prolonged intravaginal residence, a >90% tumor inhibitory rate, and minimal mucosal irritation after intravaginal administration. All results suggest that such microparticles potentially provide a non-invasive local chemotherapeutic delivery system for the treatment of cervical cancer by the sequential release of PTX and IMN.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Microesferas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Camundongos , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
4.
J Control Release ; 336: 572-582, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245785

RESUMO

To investigate the potential of cell penetrating peptide (CPP) modification on nanomedicine for improving mucosal penetration and effective therapy of cervical cancer, docetaxel nanocrystals modified with trans-activator of transcription (TAT) peptide were designed for treatment of cervical cancer via vaginal administration. Docetaxel nanocrystals were coated by polymerization of dopamine to form polydopamine (PDA) coating which facilitated TAT modification and PEGylation for less mucus entrapment to get PEGylated nanocrystals modified with TAT (NC@PDA-PEG-TAT). Enhanced cellular drug uptake and cytotoxicity of NC@PDA-PEG-TAT was observed in cervical cancer-related TC-1 cells than that of PEGylated nanocrystals (NC@PDA-PEG). Intravaginally administered NC@PDA-PEG-TAT dispersed in poloxamer 407-based thermosensitive gel exhibited prolonged in vivo intravaginal retention, deeper mucosal penetration and more potent inhibition on the growth of murine orthotopic cervical cancer than NC@PDA-PEG, PDA-coated nanocrystals or unmodified nanocrystals. All data suggested the significance of CPP-modification on nanocrystals in the local treatment of vaginal mucosa-related diseases by vaginal administration.

5.
J Control Release ; 334: 178-187, 2021 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895198

RESUMO

Mice are arguably the most important tool in the preclinical evaluation of liposomes; however, the effects of inter-strain physiological variabilities on in vivo performance of liposomes have been seriously overlooked. The present study validated that plasma proteins (PPs) and the capability of mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) (typically expressed by phagocytosis rate, K) were mice strain-dependent. Physiological variabilities in PPs and the phagocytosis rate jointly contributed to the inter-strain inconsistency of pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles of liposomes. For the PPs sensitive liposomes (such as plain PEGylated liposomes and folic acid functionalized PEGylated liposomes), inter-strain variabilities in PK profiles could be calibrated using the corrected phagocytic rate (KC = K×(c × Ig)/(alb×apo)), where c, Ig, alb and apo were respective the total content of complement proteins, immunoglobulins, albumin and apolipoproteins. While for the PPs insensitive liposomes (e.g., cRGD functionalized liposomes), phagocytic rate could be directly used to calibrate inter-strain difference of liposome PK profiles. Our data also warn that the reciprocal interaction between payloads and organisms would be much more complicated than that between liposomes and organisms, thus independent investigation should be conducted for each individual therapeutic agent.


Assuntos
Lipossomos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Fagocitose , Animais , Ácido Fólico , Camundongos , Sistema Fagocitário Mononuclear
6.
Nano Lett ; 21(5): 2124-2131, 2021 03 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617264

RESUMO

It remains challenging to precisely decipher the structural and functional characteristics of protein coronas. To overcome the drawbacks frequently occurring in the traditional separation methods, an anti-PEG single-chain variable fragment (PEG-scFv) based affinity chromatography (AfC) was developed to achieve precise and efficient separation of protein coronas on PEGylated liposomes (sLip). His-tagged PEG-scFv could readily capture sLip without affecting protein corona compositions, and separate sLip/protein complex from plasma protein aggregates and endogenous vesicles through the Ni-NTA column. AfC demonstrated 43-fold higher protein corona collecting efficiency than centrifugation, which was extremely crucial for separation of in vivo protein coronas due to the limitation of sample size. AfC evaded contamination by endogenous vesicles and protein aggregates occurring in centrifugation, and reserved the loosely bound proteins, providing an unprecedented approach to deeply decipher protein coronas. The scFv-based AfC also paves new avenues for the separation of protein coronas formed on other nanomedicines.


Assuntos
Coroa de Proteína , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única , Cromatografia de Afinidade , Lipossomos , Nanomedicina , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/genética
7.
AAPS J ; 23(2): 29, 2021 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580411

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is a highly malignant tumor and one of the primary causes of cancer-related death. Because pancreatic cancer is difficult to diagnose in the early course of the disease, most patients present with advanced lesions at the time of diagnosis, and only 20% of patients are eligible for surgery. Consequently, drug treatment has become extremely important. At present, the main treatment regimens for pancreatic cancer are gemcitabine and the FORFIRINOX and MPACT regimens. However, none of these regimens substantially improves the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer. Extensive efforts have been dedicated to the study of pancreatic cancer in recent years. With the development and clinical application of biological targeted drugs, the biological targeted treatment of tumors has been widely accepted. Therefore, this article used relevant clinical trial data to summarize the research progress of traditional chemotherapy drugs and biological targeted drugs for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.

8.
J Control Release ; 330: 493-501, 2021 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33383098

RESUMO

Anti-PEG antibodies have been witnessed in patients and experimental animals, accelerating the blood clearance (termed ABC phenomenon) of PEGylated nanomedicines by activating complement after absorption on the nano-surface. The ABC phenomenon presents an obstacle to the clinical translation of PEGylated nanomedicines. Herein, an anti-PEG single-chain variable fragment (PEG-scFv) that possesses a low molecule weight (30 kDa) and high PEG binding affinity was exploited to ameliorate the ABC phenomenon of PEGylated liposomes (sLip). Pre-deposition of PEG-scFv on the surface of sLip was incompetent to activate complement due to the lack of Fc chains, exhibiting negligible influence on in vivo performance of sLip in naïve rats (without anti-PEG antibodies). However, PEG-scFv effectively competed the binding of anti-PEG IgM in rats that were pre-stimulated with low dose of sLip, thus ameliorated the ABC phenomenon of sLip. PEG- scFv was also effective to inhibit the binding of anti-PEG antibodies with sLip in human plasma and the consequent complement activation, presenting a promising tool to improve the performance of PEGylated nanomedicines and to mitigate individual difference occurred by the varying levels of anti-PEG antibodies in the clinic. The application of anti-PEG scFv paves a new avenue for the development of nanocarriers to achieve precise medication.


Assuntos
Nanomedicina , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única , Animais , Humanos , Imunoglobulina M , Lipossomos , Polietilenoglicóis , Ratos
9.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 10(9): 1754-1768, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33088694

RESUMO

Trabeculectomy is the mainstay of surgical glaucoma treatment, while the success rate was unsatisfying due to postoperative scarring of the filtering blebs. Clinical countermeasures for scar prevention are intraoperative intervention or repeated subconjunctival injections. Herein, we designed a co-delivery system capable of transporting fluorouracil and anti-TGF-ß2 oligonucleotide to synergistically inhibit fibroblast proliferation via topical instillation. This co-delivery system was built based on a cationic dendrimer core (PAMAM), which encapsulated fluorouracil within hydrophobic cavity and condensed oligonucleotide with surface amino groups, and was further modified with hyaluronic acid and cell-penetrating peptide penetratin. The co-delivery system was self-assembled into nanoscale complexes with increased cellular uptake and enabled efficient inhibition on proliferation of fibroblast cells. In vivo studies on rabbit trabeculectomy models further confirmed the anti-fibrosis efficiency of the complexes, which prolonged survival time of filtering blebs and maintained their height and extent during wound healing process, exhibiting an equivalent effect on scar prevention compared to intraoperative infiltration with fluorouracil. Qualitative observation by immunohistochemistry staining and quantitative analysis by Western blotting both suggested that TGF-ß2 expression was inhibited by the co-delivery complexes. Our study provided a potential approach promising to guarantee success rate of trabeculectomy and prolong survival time of filtering blebs.

10.
ACS Nano ; 14(11): 14779-14789, 2020 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084315

RESUMO

Folic acid (FA) has been extensively exploited to facilitate targeted delivery of nanomedicines by recognizing the folate receptor-α (FR-α) overexpressed in many human cancers. Unfortunately, none have been approved for clinical use yet. Here we reveal that FA functionalization induces heavy natural IgM absorption on the liposomal surface, depriving FA of receptor recognition and accelerating complement activation in vivo. FA functionalization does not enhance distribution of liposomes in FR-α-overexpressed tumors in comparison to plain liposomes (without FA), but leads to aggravated capture of liposomes by macrophages in the tumor, liver, and spleen. In addition, FA-functionalized polymeric nanoparticles are also vulnerable to natural IgM absorption. This work highlights the pivotal roles of natural IgM in regulating in vivo delivery of FA-functionalized nanomedicines. Due to the prevalent association of immune disorders and varying levels of immunoglobulins with cancer patients, extraordinary cautiousness is urged for clinical translation of FA-enabled targeted delivery systems.


Assuntos
Ácido Fólico , Nanopartículas , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Lipossomos , Nanomedicina
11.
Mol Pharm ; 17(10): 3685-3695, 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816496

RESUMO

Current chemotherapy for lung cancer achieved limited efficacy due to poor tumor targeting and tissue penetration. Another obstacle in the therapy is activated nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in tumor cells, which plays a crucial role in promotion of antiapoptosis and drug resistance. In this study, we utilized a multifunctional liposome loaded with irinotecan and surface modified with a cell-permeable NF-κB inhibitor (CB5005), for treatment of non-small-cell lung carcinoma. CB5005 downregulated the level of NF-κB-related protein in the nuclei of A549 cells, and increased cellular uptake of the modified liposomes. In vivo antitumor activity in mice bearing A549 xenografts revealed that modification with CB5005 significantly improved the tumor inhibition rate of irinotecan. Immunohistochemical assays showed that the tumors treated with CB5005-modified liposomes possessed the most apoptotic cells and the lowest level of p50 in the cell nuclei. These results strongly suggest that antitumor efficacy of the irinotecan liposomes can be enhanced by tumor-penetrating and NF-κB-inhibiting functions of CB5005. Consequently, CB5005-modified liposomes provide a possible synergistic therapy for lung cancer, and would also be appropriate for other types of tumors associated with elevated NF-κB activity.

12.
Mol Pharm ; 17(9): 3281-3290, 2020 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32786957

RESUMO

c(RGDyK)-modified liposomes have been shown to be immunogenic and potentially trigger acute systemic anaphylaxis upon repeated intravenous injection in both BALB/c nude mice and ICR mice. However, questions concerning the potential influence of mouse strains, immunization routes, drug carrier properties, and changes in c(RGDyK) itself on the immunogenicity and resultant immunotoxicity (anaphylaxis) of cyclic RGD peptide-modified nanodrug delivery systems remain unanswered. Here, these potential impact factors were investigated, aiming to better understand the immunological properties of cyclic RGD peptide-based nanodrug delivery systems and seek for solutions for this immunogenicity-associated issue. It was revealed that anaphylaxis caused by intravenous c(RGDyK)-modified drug delivery systems might be avoided by altering the preimmunization route (i.e., subcutaneous injection), introducing positively charged lipids into the liposomes and by using micelles or red blood cell membrane (RBC)-based drug delivery systems as the carrier. Different murine models showed different incidences of anaphylaxis following intravenous c(RGDyK)-liposome stimulation: anaphylaxis was not observed in both SD rats and BALB/c mice and was less frequent in C57BL/6 mice than that in ICR mice. In addition, enlarging the peptide ring of c(RGDyK) by introducing amino sequence serine-glycine-serine reduced the incidence of anaphylaxis post the repeated intravenous c(RGDyKSGS)-liposome stimulation. However, immunogenicity of cyclic RGD-modified drug carriers could not be reversed, although some reduction in IgG antibody production was observed when ICR mice were intravenously stimulated with c(RGDyK)-modified micelles, RBC membrane-based drug delivery systems and c(RGDyKSGS)-liposomes instead of c(RGDyK)-liposomes. This study provides a valuable reference for future application of cyclic RGD peptide-modified drug delivery systems.

13.
J Control Release ; 327: 384-396, 2020 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791079

RESUMO

A d-peptide ligand of the nicotine acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), termed DCDX, enables drug delivery to the brain when incorporated into liposomes and has shown promise as a nanocarrier for treating brain diseases. However, few reports have described the mechanisms whereby DCDX-modified liposomes traverse the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Here, we studied the molecular mechanisms enabling DCDX (and its associated liposomes) to cross an in vitro BBB using a simulated cerebral endothelium monolayer formed by brain capillary endothelial cells (bEnd.3 cells). We also examined the mechanisms whereby DCDX-modified liposomes cross the BBB in vivo using the brain efflux-index method. Transport of DCDX and its modified liposomes was dominantly mediated via the lipid raft/caveolae endocytic pathway. Both the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi complex participated in delivering DCDX-modified liposomes to the plasma membrane (PM). DCDX-modified liposomes also participated in the endosome/lysosome pathway (with high-efficiency BBB crossing observed in vitro), while competing for the ER/Golgi/PM pathway. In addition, nAChR α7 did not promote the transportation of DCDX-modified liposomes in vivo or in vitro, as assessed with α7-knockout mice and by performing α-bungarotoxin (α-Bgt) binding-competition experiments. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) was identified as the main efflux transporter across the BBB, in vivo and in vitro. Using a xenograft nude mouse model of human glioblastoma multiforme, blocking the efflux function of P-gp with verapamil enhanced the therapeutic efficiency of DCDX-modified liposomes that were formulated with doxorubicin against glioblastoma. The findings of this study reveal novel mechanisms underlying crossing of the BBB by DCDX-modified liposomes, suggesting that DCDX-modified liposomes can potentially serve as a powerful therapeutic tool for treating glioma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Receptores Nicotínicos , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Ligantes , Lipossomos , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Receptores Nicotínicos/metabolismo
14.
J Control Release ; 328: 78-86, 2020 12 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853731

RESUMO

Intravenous injection of thrombolytic drugs is the most effective strategy for the treatment of thrombotic diseases. However, the clinical application of most thrombolytic drugs is limited by hemorrhagic risks and narrow therapeutic index. The targeted drug delivery systems may help to address these problems. Inspired by the crucial role of platelets in the process of thrombus, Platelet membrane-coated PLGA cores loading lumbrokinase (PNPs/LBK) were designed for effective thrombolysis with reduced hemorrhagic risk. Using a mouse carotid thrombosis model, the affinity of platelet membrane-coated nanoparticles to the thrombus was confirmed. Also, the PNPs/LBK exhibited excellent thrombolytic efficacy at a low dose, compared with free LBK. More importantly, PNPs/LBK showed less adverse effect on the function of the coagulation system, and thus reduced hemorrhagic risk. These results indicated that a promising thrombus-targeted drug delivery system was achieved by coating PLGA nanoparticles with platelet membrane. Such rationally designed drug delivery system will provide a broad platform for thrombus treatment.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Trombose , Plaquetas , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Terapia Trombolítica , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico
15.
J Gene Med ; 22(10): e3240, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gene therapy has become a potential strategy for cancer treatment. However, the development of efficient gene vectors restricts the application for cancer gene treatment. Functionalization of polymers with functional groups can significantly improve their transfection efficacy. METHODS: Guanidyl can form bidentate hydrogen with the phosphate groups and phosphate groups are present in DNA and cell membranes, thus increasing DNA condensation and cellular uptake. Imidazolyl has high buffering capacity in endosomal/lysosomal acidic environment, facilitating endosome/lysosome escape. We designed a structure-integrated group of guanidyl and imidazolyl, 2-aminoimidazole (AM), which was conjugated to PAMAM generation 2 (G2) for gene therapy of gastric adenocarcinoma. RESULTS: Molecular docking results illustrated that G2-AM bound with DNA molecule effectively via multiple interactions. A quantitative luciferase assay showed that the transfection efficacy of G2-AM/pGL3 was approximately 100-fold greater than that of G2/pGL3, 90-fold greater than that of imidazolyl-modified G2 (G2-M) /pGL3 and 100-fold greater than that of G5/pGL3 without additional cytotoxicity. After introducing the pTRAIL gene into gastric adenocarcinoma cells, the apoptosis ratio of gastric adenocarcinoma cells treated with G2-AM/pTRAIL was 36.95%, which is much larger than the corresponding ratio of G2/pTRAIL (7.45%), G2-M/pTRAIL (11.33%) and G5/pTRAIL (23.2%). In a gastric adenocarcinoma xenograft model, the in vivo transfection efficacy of G2-AM/pRFP was much greater than that of G2/pRFP and G2-M/pRFP. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that AM could be modified with cationic polymers for potential application in gene delivery and gastric adenocarcinoma gene therapy.

16.
Theranostics ; 10(9): 4073-4087, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32226540

RESUMO

Uncontrollable cell proliferation and irreversible neurological damage make glioma one of the most deadly diseases in clinic. Besides the multiple biological barriers, glioma stem cells (GSCs) that are responsible for the maintenance and recurrence of tumor tissues also hinder the therapeutic efficacy of chemotherapy. Therefore, all-stage precisional glioma targeted therapy regimens that could efficiently deliver drugs to glioma cells and GSCs after overcoming multiple barriers have received increasing scrutiny. Methods: A polymeric micelle-based drug delivery system was developed by modifying a "Y-shaped" well-designed ligand of both GRP78 protein and quorum sensing receptor to achieve all-stage precisional glioma targeting, then we evaluated the targeting ability and barrier penetration ability both in vitro and in vivo. In order to achieve all-stage precisional therapy, we need kill both GSCs and glioma related cells. Parthenolide (PTL) has been investigated for its selective toxicity to glioma stem cells while Paclitaxel (PTX) and Temozolomide (TMZ) are widely used in experimental and clinical therapy of glioma respectively. So the in vivo anti-glioma effect of combination therapy was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and immunohistochemical (IHC) examination of tumor tissues. Results: The "Y-shaped" well-designed peptide, termed DWVAP, exhibited excellent glioma (and GSCs) homing and barrier penetration ability. When modified on micelle surface, DWVAP peptide significantly enhanced accumulation of micelles in brain and glioma. In addition, DWVAP micelles showed no immunogenicity and cytotoxicity, which could guarantee their safety when used in vivo. Treatment of glioma-bearing mice with PTL loaded DWVAP modified PEG-PLA micelles plus PTX loaded DWVAP modified PEG-PLA micelles or PTL loaded DWVAP modified PEG-PLA micelles plus TMZ showed improved anti-tumor efficacy in comparison to PTL and PTX loaded unmodified micelles or PTL loaded unmodified micelles plus TMZ. Conclusion: Combination of all-stage targeting strategy and concomitant use of chemotherapeutics and stem cell inhibitors could achieve precise targeted therapy for glioma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Portadores de Fármacos/uso terapêutico , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Temozolomida/administração & dosagem , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Camundongos Nus , Micelas , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sesquiterpenos/administração & dosagem
17.
J Control Release ; 322: 542-554, 2020 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277962

RESUMO

Owing to the binding capacity to ɑvß3 integrin overexpressed on glioma, vasculogenic mimicry and neovasculature, the peptide c(RGDyK) has been exploited pervasively to functionalize nanocarriers for targeted delivery of bioactives. The former study in our group substantiated the immunotoxicity of c(RGDyK)-modified liposome, and this unfavorable immunogenicity is known to compromise blood circulation, targeting efficacy and therapeutic outcome. Therefore, we need to find a superior alternative ligand in order to evade the exquisite immuno-sensitization. We developed mn by structure-guided peptide design and retro-inverso isomerization technique, which was experimentally substantiated to have exceptional binding affinity to ɑvß3 integrin. Besides mn does not have affinity toward normal liver cells and kidney cells, which c(RGDyK) possesses in a certain degree. Warranting that mn and c(RGDyK) anchored ɑvß3, we formulated peptide-tethered liposomes and investigated in vivo bio-fate. Compared with c(RGDyK)-modified liposome, mn-modified liposome presented longer blood circulation and reduced ingestion by Kupffer cells with decreased retention in liver accordingly, benefitting from attenuated anti-liposome IgG and IgM response elicited by multiple sequential doses. Those merits strengthened the anti-glioma efficacy of ɑvß3-targeted doxorubicin-loaded liposomes, proving the importance of immunocompatibility in process of targeted drug delivery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Lipossomos/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus
18.
J Control Release ; 320: 63-72, 2020 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917294

RESUMO

In glioblastoma with typical immunosuppressive characteristics, immune checkpoint inhibitors treatment showed unsatisfactory clinical effects, attributable to the exclusion of antibodies by blood-brain barrier (BBB) to a large extent. Herein, a conjugate of anti-programmed death ligand 1 antibody (αPDL1) and the targeting moiety p-hydroxybenzoic acid (pHA) was designed to realize crossing BBB of antibody based on the dopamine receptor mediated transcytosis. Conjugation with pHA did not influence the binding affinity of αPDL1 with PD-L1 protein, thus maintaining the capability of PD pathway blockade. Importantly, pHA-αPDL1 crossed BBB, demonstrated by the increased distribution in both the brain and the glioma after intravenous administration of pHA-αPDL1. Compared with the unmodified αPDL1, pHA-αPDL1 prolonged the survival time and suppressed tumor growth more effectively in an orthotopic glioblastoma model by activating glioma-infiltrating T cells. Our results suggested the potential of the antibody-pHA conjugate to improve efficacy for cerebral diseases by providing a potential platform for macromolecules to play therapeutics role in the brain.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioblastoma , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hidroxibenzoatos , Imunoterapia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo
19.
J Control Release ; 319: 371-381, 2020 03 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926889

RESUMO

Prevalent deposition of plasma proteins on nano-surface alters the synthetic identity of liposomes in blood circulation. The key plasma protein(s) that can dominate in vivo fate of liposomes are of central importance for preclinical design and precise medication of liposome-based therapeutics. Herein, natural IgM, but not IgG, is identified to ubiquitously absorb on liposomal surface and takes the lead in complement activation of different species. The absorbed natural IgM, which negatively correlates with the in vivo performance of liposomes, becomes a potential indicator to guide the de novo design and optimization of liposomes. More importantly, the varying natural IgM levels in cancer patients may be one of the causal factors for clinical differences in response to liposome-based therapeutics. Clinical monitoring of the natural IgM level and its binding with liposomes becomes crucial to optimize the therapeutic regimen prior to the application of liposome-based therapeutics.


Assuntos
Ativação do Complemento , Lipossomos , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Humanos , Imunoglobulina M , Polietilenoglicóis
20.
Phytother Res ; 34(1): 104-117, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515889

RESUMO

The side effects of docetaxel have limited its antitumor performances in the treatment of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To address the problem, baicalein, a bioactive flavone that exhibits antitumor activity, was combined with docetaxel so as to achieve better efficacy and lower toxicity. The combination treatment enhanced the stabilization of microtubules and halted the cell-cycle progression, thus synergistically inhibiting the proliferation and inducing the apoptosis of A549 cells and Lewis lung carcinoma cells. The decreased expression of Cyclin-dependent kinase 6 and Cyclin B1 confirmed its regulation in cell cycle, with ß-catenin being an important upstream effector, as evidenced by the decreased expression in the cytoplasm and nucleus as well as the attenuated aggregation in the nucleus. Furthermore, baicalein plus docetaxel evinced better antitumor efficacy by the suppressed tumor growth, increased apoptosis, and decreased tumor angiogenesis in vivo, with no increased toxicity discovered in both tumor-bearing and non-tumor-bearing mice, and an improvement in therapeutic index. This study has demonstrated that baicalein plus docetaxel is an appropriate combination simultaneously with augmented antitumor efficacy and acceptable safety, which might be a promising strategy for patients with advanced NSCLC.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Flavanonas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos
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