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1.
Meat Sci ; 197: 109073, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36525918

RESUMO

For exploring the effect of protein S-nitrosylation on the energy metabolism of early postmortem pork (within 24 h postmortem), the six Longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle homogenates were treated with nitric oxide donor (NOR-3, (±)-(E)-4-Ethyl-2-(E)-hydroxyimino-5-nitro-3-hexenamide), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor (L-NAME, Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride) and control (0.1 M K2HPO4, pH 7.4) in the in vitro buffer system for 24 h, respectively. The western blotting result showed that NOR-3 treatment led to a greater level of protein S-nitrosylation (p < 0.05). However, S-nitrosylation levels had no significant difference between L-NAME and control groups (p > 0.05). In addition, results showed that 16 significantly differential energy metabolites were identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) and clearly separated among three groups in the principal component analysis. Four pathways (glycolysis, tricarboxylic acid cycle, purine metabolism and pentose phosphate pathway) related to energy metabolism were significantly influenced by different levels of protein S-nitrosylation. Furthermore, the correlation analysis of metabolites demonstrated that metabolites were in dynamic equilibrium with each other. These results indicate that protein S-nitrosylation can participate in and regulate energy metabolism postmortem pork through glycolysis and tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle.


Assuntos
Carne de Porco , Carne Vermelha , Animais , Suínos , Carne de Porco/análise , Carne Vermelha/análise , NG-Nitroarginina Metil Éster , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Broccoli has received widespread attention because of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. The present study aimed to explore the composition of broccoli seed extract (BSE) and its effect on colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). RESULTS: BSE mainly comprises glucoraphanin and polysaccharides composed of arabinose, galactose, glucose and mannose. Animal experiments suggested that BSE intervention effectively reversed body weight loss, suppressed the levels of proinflammatory interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1ß, and elevated the levels of anti-inflammatory interleukin-10 and the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione in DSS-induced colitis mice. According to histopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis of colon tissue, BSE intervention may repair the intestinal barrier by upregulating mRNA levels and the expression of tight junction proteins (claudin-1, occludin and zonula occludens-1). Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (MS) analysis demonstrated that cecal short-chain fatty acids in mice with BSE administration were significantly increased compared with the model group. Sulforaphane and sulforaphane-N-acetylcysteine were only detected in BSE group mice by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-MS analysis. In addition, BSE intervention evidently increased the abundance of Alistipeds, Coriobacteriaceae UCG-002 and Bifidobacterium and decreased the abundance of Escheichia-Shinella, Lachnospiraceae others, Parabacteroides, Ruminococcaceae others and Turicibacter, which possibly promoted carbohydrate metabolism and short-chain fatty acid production. CONCLUSION: The present study aimed to elucidate the effect of BSE on colitis and found that BSE, as a novel food ingredient, has great potential for the improvement of colitis. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

3.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 850, 2022 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36564713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The gut microbiome has proven to be an important factor affecting obesity; however, it remains a challenge to identify consistent biomarkers across geographic locations and perform precisely targeted modulation for obese individuals. RESULTS: This study proposed a systematic machine learning framework and applied it to 870 human stool metagenomes across five countries to obtain comprehensive regional shared biomarkers and conduct a personalized modulation analysis. In our pipeline, a heterogeneous ensemble feature selection diagram is first developed to determine an optimal subset of biomarkers through the aggregation of multiple techniques. Subsequently, a deep reinforcement learning method was established to alter the targeted composition to the desired healthy target. In this manner, we can realize personalized modulation by counterfactual inference. Consequently, a total of 42 species were identified as regional shared biomarkers, and they showed good performance in distinguishing obese people from the healthy group (area under curve (AUC) =0.85) when demonstrated on validation datasets. In addition, by pooling all counterfactual explanations, we found that Akkermansia muciniphila, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, Prevotella copri, Bacteroides dorei, Bacteroides eggerthii, Alistipes finegoldii, Alistipes shahii, Eubacterium sp. _CAG_180, and Roseburia hominis may be potential broad-spectrum targets with consistent modulation in the multi-regional obese population. CONCLUSIONS: This article shows that based on our proposed machine-learning framework, we can obtain more comprehensive and accurate biomarkers and provide modulation analysis for the obese population. Moreover, our machine-learning framework will also be very useful for other researchers to further obtain biomarkers and perform counterfactual modulation analysis in different diseases.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Obesidade , Fezes/microbiologia , Biomarcadores , Aprendizado de Máquina
4.
Microorganisms ; 10(12)2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36557585

RESUMO

In natural settings, approximately 40-80% of bacteria exist as biofilms, most of which are mixed-species biofilms. Previous studies have typically focused on single- or dual-species biofilms. To expand the field of study on gut biofilms, we found a group of gut microbiota that can form biofilms well in vitro: Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis, Enterococcus faecalis, Bacteroides ovatus, and Lactobacillus gasseri. The increase in biomass and bio-volume of the mixed-species biofilm was confirmed via crystal violet staining, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and confocal laser scanning microscopy, revealing a strong synergistic relationship in these communities, with B. longum being the key biofilm-contributing species. This interaction may be related to changes in the cell number, biofilm-related genes, and metabolic activities. After quantifying the cell number using quantitative polymerase chain reaction, B. longum and L. gasseri were found to be the dominant flora in the mixed-species biofilm. In addition, this study analyzed biological properties of mixed-species biofilms, such as antibiotic resistance, cell metabolic activity, and concentration of water-insoluble polysaccharides. Compared with single-species biofilms, mixed-species biofilms had higher metabolic activity, more extracellular matrix, and greater antibiotic resistance. From these results, we can see that the formation of biofilms is a self-protection mechanism of gut microbiota, and the formation of mixed-species biofilms can greatly improve the survival rate of different strains. Finally, this study is a preliminary exploration of the biological characteristics of gut biofilms, and the molecular mechanisms underlying the formation of biofilms warrant further research.

5.
Food Funct ; 13(21): 11153-11168, 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36205751

RESUMO

Glucan is the most widely distributed glycan. Many probiotics such as lactic acid bacteria (LAB) encoded corresponding hydrolytic enzymes, which could use these glucans as energy substances. Brown alga is rich in glucan and has high edible and medicinal value, but research on its regulation to probiotics is not detailed enough. In this study, we determined a novel neutral α type gluco-oligosaccharide from the brown alga Laminaria japonica with a degree of polymerization (DP) of 2-8 and a structure that mainly consists of α-(1→4)-linked glycosidic bonds called Laminaria japonica gluco-oligosaccharide (LJGO). Fermentation in vitro and gene-phenotype correlation analyses revealed that LJGO selectively stimulated the growth of the LAB strain encoding a specific ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport system in a GH13 gene cluster, with apparent differences among 14 tested species. Comparative genomics further revealed that this transport system is species-specific, implying a potential contribution to species evolution. Transcriptomic analysis based on LAB strains cultured on LJGO and 1H-NMR findings of LJGO residues after strain utilization showed that the GH13 gene cluster contains functional LAB genes involved in LJGO utilization. Further verification by gene knockout studies is needed to expand our findings.


Assuntos
Lactobacillales , Laminaria , Laminaria/química , Oligossacarídeos , Glucanos , Polissacarídeos
6.
Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol ; 2022: 6432750, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36193094

RESUMO

Background: The beneficial effects of probiotic supplementation standard antibiotic therapies for Helicobacter pylori infection have been verified, but the ability of probiotic monotherapy to eradicate H. pylori remains unclear. Aim: To evaluate the accuracy and efficacy of specific Lactobacillus strains against H. pylori infection. Methods: Seventy-eight patients with H. pylori infection were treated with strain L. crispatus G14-5M (L. crispatus CCFM1118) or L. helveticus M2-09-R02-S146 (L. helveticus CCFM1121) or L. plantarum CCFM8610 at a dose of 2 g twice daily for one month. 14C-urea breath test, the gastrointestinal symptom rating scale, serum pepsinogen concentrations, and serum cytokine concentrations of patients were measured at baseline and end-of-trial to analyze the effect of the Lactobacillus strains in eradicating H. pylori infection and reducing gastrointestinal discomfort in patients. In addition, the composition and abundance of the intestinal microbiota of patients were also measured at end-of-trial. Results: The 14C-urea breath test value of the three Lactobacillus treatment groups had decreased significantly, and the eradication rate of H. pylori had increased by the end of the trial. In particular, the eradication rate in the G14-5M treatment group was significantly higher than the placebo group (70.59% vs. 15.38%, P=0.0039), indicating that one-month administration of the G14-5M regimen was sufficient to eradicate H. pylori infection. The ingestion of Lactobacillus strains also ameliorated the gastrointestinal symptom rating scale scores, and the serum interleukin-8 concentrations of H. pylori-infected patients appeared to modulate the gut microbiota of patients. However, none of the Lactobacillus strains had a significant effect on general blood physiological characteristics, serum tumor necrosis factor α concentrations, or serum pepsinogen concentrations in the patients. Conclusion: Three Lactobacillus strains significantly alleviate the gastrointestinal discomfort and the gastric inflammatory response of H. pylori-infected patients. The activity of probiotics in eradicating H. pyloriinfection may be species/strain specific.

7.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1001313, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090099

RESUMO

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is a constant threat to the health of young children, and this is mainly attributed to the lack of effective prevention strategies. This study aimed to determine whether Lactobacillus (L.) mucosae, a potential probiotic, could protect against respiratory viral infection in a mouse model. Naive 3-4-week-old BALB/c mice were orally administered with three L. mucosae strains (2.5 × 108 CFU/mouse) 7 days before RSV infection (105 TCID50/mouse). Results showed that all three strains inhibited RSV replication and reduced the proportions of inflammatory cells, including granulocytes and monocytes in the blood. The L. mucosae M104R01L3 treatment maintained stable weight in mice and increased interferon (IFN)-ß and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α levels. The L. mucosae DCC1HL5 treatment increased interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-10 levels. Moreover, the M104R01L3 and DCC1HL5 strains increased the proportions of Akkermansia, Alistipes, and Anaeroplasma which contributed to the advantageous modulation of the gut microbiota. Besides, L. mucosae affected the gut levels of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) that are important for the antiviral response. L. mucosae 1,025 increased acetate, propionate, and butyrate levels, whereas L. mucosae M104R01L3 increased the level of acetate in the gut. L. mucosae M104R01L3 may protect against viral infection by upregulating the IFN-ß levels in the lungs and its antiviral effect may be related to the increase of acetate levels in the gut. In conclusion, the three L. mucosae strains exerted antiviral effects against RSV infection by differentially regulating immune responses and intestinal micro-ecological balance. This study can provide a reference for studying the mechanisms underlying the antiviral effects of L. mucosae.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36001521

RESUMO

A growing number of studies show that the human microbiome plays a vital role in human health and can be a crucial factor in predicting certain human diseases. However, microbiome data are often characterized by the limited samples and high-dimensional features, which pose a great challenge for machine learning methods. Therefore, this paper proposes a novel ensemble deep learning disease prediction method that combines unsupervised and supervised learning paradigms. First, unsupervised deep learning methods are used to learn the potential representation of the sample. Afterwards, the disease scoring strategy is developed based on the deep representations as the informative features for ensemble analysis. To ensure the optimal ensemble, a score selection mechanism is constructed, and performance boosting features are engaged with the original sample. Finally, the composite features are trained with gradient boosting classifier for health status decision. For case study, the ensemble deep learning flowchart has been demonstrated on six public datasets extracted from the human microbiome profiling. The results show that compared with the existing algorithms, our framework achieves better performance on disease prediction.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(14)2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35887083

RESUMO

Gut bacteria are closely associated with the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) due to their immunoregulatory function. Indole derivatives, produced by gut bacteria metabolizing tryptophan, are ligands to activate the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), which plays a critical role in attenuating AD symptoms. Limosilactobacillus reuteri, a producer of indole derivatives, regulates mucosal immunity via activating the AHR signaling pathway. However, the effective substance and mechanism of L. reuteri in the amelioration of AD remain to be elucidated. In this research, we found that L. reuteri DYNDL22M62 significantly improved AD-like symptoms in mice by suppressing IgE levels and the expressions of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), IL-4, and IL-5. L. reuteri DYNDL22M62 induced an increase in the production of indole lactic acid (ILA) and indole propionic acid (IPA) via targeted tryptophan metabolic analysis and the expression of AHR in mice. Furthermore, L. reuteri DYNDL22M62 increased the proportions of Romboutsia and Ruminococcaceae NK4A214 group, which were positively related to ILA, but decreased Dubosiella, which was negatively related to IPA. Collectively, L. reuteri DYNDL22M62 with the role of modulating gut bacteria and the production of indole derivatives may attenuate AD via activating AHR in mice.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Animais , Bactérias/metabolismo , Dermatite Atópica/metabolismo , Indóis/metabolismo , Indóis/farmacologia , Camundongos , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/genética , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/metabolismo , Triptofano/metabolismo
10.
Nutrients ; 14(14)2022 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35889903

RESUMO

Evidence linking Faecalibacterium prausnitzii abundance to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is accumulating; however, the causal relationship remains obscure. In this study, 12 F. prausnitzii strains were orally administered to high fat diet fed C57BL/6J mice for 12 weeks to evaluate the protective effects of F. prausnitzii on NAFLD. We found that five F. prausnitzii strains, A2-165, LB8, ZF21, PL45, and LC49, significantly restored serum lipid profiles and ameliorated glucose intolerance, adipose tissue dysfunction, hepatic steatosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress in a mouse model of NAFLD. Moreover, two strains, LC49 and LB8, significantly enhanced short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production and modulated the gut microbiota. Based on the combined analysis of linear discriminant analysis effect size and microbial communities, the core microbiome related to NAFLD comprised Odoribacter, Roseburia, Erysipelatoclostridium, Tyzzerella, Faecalibaculum, Blautia, and Acetatifactor, and the last five genera can be reversed by treatment with the LC49 and LB8 strains. Additionally, the LC49 and LB8 strains enriched Lactobacillus, Ileibacterium, Faecalibacterium, Dubosiella, and Bifidobacterium and downregulated pathways involving carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and fatty acid biosynthesis. Interestingly, LC49 supplementation also upregulated tryptophan metabolism, glutathione metabolism, and valine, leucine, and isoleucine degradation, which might be related to NAFLD prevention. Collectively, F. prausnitzii LC49 and LB8 exerted considerable anti-NAFLD and microbiota-regulating effects, indicating their potential as probiotic agents for NAFLD treatment.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Faecalibacterium , Faecalibacterium prausnitzii , Firmicutes , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo
11.
FEMS Microbiol Rev ; 46(5)2022 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35640890

RESUMO

The microbial world represents a phenomenal diversity of microorganisms from different kingdoms of life, which occupy an impressive set of ecological niches. Most, if not all, microorganisms once colonize a surface develop architecturally complex surface-adhered communities, which we refer to as biofilms. They are embedded in polymeric structural scaffolds and serve as a dynamic milieu for intercellular communication through physical and chemical signalling. Deciphering microbial ecology of biofilms in various natural or engineered settings has revealed coexistence of microorganisms from all domains of life, including Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. The coexistence of these dynamic microbes is not arbitrary, as a highly coordinated architectural setup and physiological complexity show ecological interdependence and myriads of underlying interactions. In this review, we describe how species from different kingdoms interact in biofilms and discuss the functional consequences of such interactions. We highlight metabolic advances of collaboration among species from different kingdoms, and advocate that these interactions are of great importance and need to be addressed in future research. Since trans-kingdom biofilms impact diverse contexts, ranging from complicated infections to efficient growth of plants, future knowledge within this field will be beneficial for medical microbiology, biotechnology, and our general understanding of microbial life in nature.


Assuntos
Archaea , Biofilmes , Archaea/fisiologia , Bactérias/metabolismo , Ecossistema , Plantas , Percepção de Quorum
12.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 894216, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35573767

RESUMO

In this study, three different microencapsulation methods were used to embed Bifidobacterium to explore the alleviating effects of embedding methods on constipated mice. By measuring the defecation-related parameters, it was found that the Bifidobacteria treated by electrostatic spray drying had the best ability to relieved constipation. Furthermore, by detecting constipation-related gastrointestinal regulatory peptides, inflammatory factors, intestinal microbiota, and SCFAs, it was discovered that Bifidobacteria treated by electrostatic spray drying changed the composition of intestinal microbiota, especially the relative abundance of bacteria that were positively correlated with AQP3, but negatively correlated with ET-1 and SS, then increased the level of AQP3 in the intestine, and finally relieved constipation by increasing the fecal water content and small intestinal propulsion rate. In conclusion, the electrostatic spray drying method was superior to the other two methods in maintaining the activity of Bifidobacteria and relieved constipation by changing the relative abundance of bacteria that were correlated with gastrointestinal regulatory peptides and increasing the content of fecal water and small intestinal propulsion rate.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium , Secagem por Atomização , Animais , Bactérias , Constipação Intestinal/terapia , Fezes/microbiologia , Camundongos , Peptídeos , Eletricidade Estática , Água
13.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 142: 105787, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal emotional symptoms during pregnancy increase the risk of neurodevelopmental problems in offspring, and microbiota have been shown to be a potential mechanism underlying the link. However, the associations among maternal prenatal emotional symptoms, the meconium microbiota, and offspring neurodevelopment have yet to be fully elucidated. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to assess the relationship between maternal prenatal emotional symptoms and neurodevelopment of the child at 24 months of age, and to investigate the potential role of the neonatal meconium microbiota in the relationship. METHODS: A total of 410 mother-child pairs (152 women in the Symptoms group vs. 258 women in the No-symptoms group) were recruited from the ongoing Shanghai Maternal-Child Pairs Cohort. This study included a subgroup of women who were assessed for maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms at 32-36 weeks of gestation. Neonatal meconium samples were collected after birth for 16 S sequencing. Children's neurodevelopment was measured using the Ages and Stages Questionnaire, Third Edition (ASQ-3) and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) at 24 months postnatally (n = 287). RESULTS: Compared with the No-symptoms group, children in the Symptoms group had a higher degree of hyperactivity and total difficulties at 24 months of age. Increases in alpha diversity, distinct overall composition, enriched relative abundance of Proteobacteria, and different predicted microbial functions were observed in the meconium of neonates exposed to maternal prenatal emotional symptoms. The neonatal gut microbiota alpha diversity and relative abundance of genera from the Proteobacteria phylum and Lactobacillus were negatively correlated with children's degree of prosocial behavior, tendency toward hyperactivity, and poor fine motor development. In addition, mediating effects of neonatal meconium microbial richness and the relative abundance of Lactobacillus were observed between maternal emotional symptoms and children's prosocial behavior. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal prenatal emotional symptoms are associated with alterations in the offspring meconium microbiota and children's neurodevelopment at 24 months of age, and the microbial richness indices and Lactobacillus may play a mediating role. Future research is needed to identify and understand the biological pathways and metabolisms linking the relationships among maternal emotional symptoms, meconium microbiota, and neurodevelopment of children.


Assuntos
Mecônio , Microbiota , China , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Food Funct ; 13(11): 6373-6386, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35615892

RESUMO

Oxidative stress and gut dysbiosis are important risk factors for hypertension. In this study, the preventive effect of Bifidobacterium longum CCFM752 (CCFM752) on hypertension was evaluated. 5-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were treated with vehicle or CCFM752 (1.0 × 109 CFU day-1) for 12 weeks. The increase in systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure was significantly prevented by CCFM752 treatment. Simultaneously, CCFM752 prevented aortic fibrosis and hypertrophy and increased aortic endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity. CCFM752 presented an antioxidative effect by inhibiting aortic NADPH oxidase activation and increasing aortic and serum catalase activity, and reducing aortic reactive oxygen species (ROS). The gut dysbiosis of SHR, including the increased Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio, decreased Actinobacteria as well as reduced α-diversity, were restored by CCFM752. CCFM752 also increased the prevalence of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus, while decreasing Turicibacter at the genus level. Furthermore, serum metabolomic analysis revealed that CCFM752 up-regulated serum proline and pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate, both of which were negatively correlated with blood pressure. In conclusion, the positive impact of CCFM752 on the gut microbiota may contribute to the antioxidative effect as well as its preventive effect on hypertension.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium longum , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hipertensão , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Disbiose/prevenção & controle , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY
15.
Front Nutr ; 9: 862934, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464005

RESUMO

The coexistence of allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma reinforces the concept of "one airway, one disease," which has prompted the exploration for a single intervention to treat both diseases. Lactobacillus reuteri CCFM1040 (CCFM1040) was found to be an inhibitor of the common pathogenesis of AR and asthma in our previous studies. This study presented a randomized, placebo-controlled trial to investigate the clinical effects of CCFM1040 on both diseases. The total symptom score (TSS), the quality of life (QoL), and the modulation in the gut microbiota of patients with AR, the Asthma Control and Test (ACT) of patients with asthma, and the safety of both AR and asthma were measured. In patients with AR, CCFM1040 numerically decreased TSS, Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ), 3 nasal scores in TSS (nasal congestion, watery eyes, and rhinorrhea), and sleep and significantly improved (P = 0.014) non-nose/eye symptoms. The ACT score was numerically increased in patients with asthma (from partially controlled to well-controlled). Significant microbial (from class level to genus level) and metabolic differences (P < 0.05) were found in patients with AR. No adverse reactions were observed. No effect on the blood and urine routine indexes. CCFM1040 has a potential benefit on both diseases. Further studies based on these findings will help to optimize the management of AR and asthma.

16.
Gene ; 826: 146449, 2022 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337850

RESUMO

Biofilm formation by bacteria represents an adaptation strategy to the environment, and some special genes may lead to a strong biofilm phenotype. In this study, we attempted to find functional genes associated with bifidobacterial biofilm formation. Firstly, we evaluated the biofilm formation ability of bifidobacterial strains from six species, which showed that Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium animalis, Bifidobacterium adolescentis, and Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum had biofilm-forming and non-biofilm-forming strains, while all Bifidobacterium bifidum strains could form strong biofilms. Then 48 strains were selected for genome sequencing and comparative analysis. The gene-trait matching analysis revealed that B. bifidum biofilm formation phenotype may associate with their unique genes, involving in stress response, quorum sensing, two components, and peptide synthesis. B. pseudocatenulatum biofilm formation was positively correlated with the eps cluster (rfbX). While no genotype related to the biofilm phenotype was found in B. longum using this analysis, but all contain autoinducer-2 (AI-2) receptor genes. Moreover, luxS, rbsB, rfbX were selected for real-time qPCR analysis, suggesting that their expression are important to biofilm formation. These results indicated that strains carrying certain genes tend to form stronger biofilms than those formed by strains without these genes.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium , Percepção de Quorum , Bactérias , Bifidobacterium/genética , Bifidobacterium/metabolismo , Biofilmes , Fenótipo , Percepção de Quorum/genética
17.
Food Res Int ; 154: 110970, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337552

RESUMO

Dietary proteins play a critical role in maintaining the health of elderly people. Although experts recommend that elderly people consume more protein, a high-protein diet may add to the burden of elderly people with degraded digestion and absorption functions. The effects of a normal or high-protein diet and those of a whole or hydrolyzed protein diet on bone and muscle health and gastrointestinal function were evaluated in aged female C57BL/6J mice. The hydrolyzed protein diet with 14.7% protein energy ratio (HNP) contributed to the maintenance of weight and an increase in bone and muscle mass. Further, the overall aging situation was improved by the consumption of this diet. However, the hydrolyzed protein diet with 21.3% protein energy ratio (HHP) increased the levels of LPS, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α in serum. Additionally, the small intestine structure was damaged, and the goblet cell number was decreased in the HHP and whole protein with 21.3% protein energy ratio (HP) groups. The relative abundances of Streptococcus and Peptococcus were decreased while that of Bifidobacterium was increased in HNP group compared with the whole protein with 14.7% protein energy ratio (NP) and HP groups. Undigested proteins entering the intestine may cause undesirable changes in gut microbiota, which adversely affect the aging body in NP and HP groups. In summary, hydrolyzed proteins are more advisable than untreated dietary protein in aged mice. This study aimed to provide guidance for daily diet for elderly people, and provide additional information to industry in order to guide their future food development.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Idoso , Animais , Bifidobacterium , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Intestinos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
18.
Front Neurol ; 13: 834403, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35250836

RESUMO

Gut microbial alteration is closely associated with brain disorders including cognitive impairment (CI). Gut microbes have the potential to predicate the development of diseases. However, the gut microbial markers for CI remain to be elucidated. In this study, the gut microbial alterations were assessed using16S rRNA sequencing, and identified the gut microbial markers using a random forest model. The results showed that there were significant gut microbial differences between the control and CI groups based on beta diversity (p < 0.002). Patients with CI had higher abundances of Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria but lower proportions of Bcateroidetes and Firmicutes vs. that in the control group. Patients had 39 special genera and the control subjects had 11 special genera. Furthermore, 11 genera such as Blautia, Roseburia, and Lactococcus and 18 genera such as Lactobacillus, Ruminococcus 2, and Akkermansia were the differential taxa in the control and CI groups, respectively. Gene functions related to nutrient metabolisms were upregulated in patients with CI. This suggested that the huge differences in gut microbes between the two groups and gut microbiota had the potential to predicate the development of CI. Based on machine learning results, 15 genera such as Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, and Akkermansia were selected as the optimal marker set to predicate CI with an area under curve (AUC) value of 78.4%. The results revealed the gut microbial markers for CI and provided a potential diagnosis tool to prevent the development of CI in the elderly.

19.
Food Funct ; 13(6): 3704-3719, 2022 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35266474

RESUMO

Food allergy (FA) is a common immune disorder caused by food antigens. Probiotic strains showed alleviating effects on FA, such as the alleviation of FA pathological symptoms, serum OVA-sIgE levels, and the gut microbiota diversity and composition. The results showed that intragastric administration of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum CCFM1189, Limosilactobacillus reuteri CCFM1190, and Bifidobacterium longum CCFM1029 alleviated the weight loss and FA pathological symptoms of FA mice and decreased OVA-specific IgE and histamine (HIS) levels. CCFM1189 and CCFM1190 decreased IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 levels, while CCFM1189 and CCFM 1029 decreased IL-17 levels. The gut microbiota analysis demonstrated that CCFM1189 increased the abundance of Akkermansia, while CCFM1190 improved immune regulation bacteria such as Faecalibaculum. CCFM1029 increased Bifidobacterium and the bacteria involved in short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production, such as Dubosiella. L. plantarum CCFM1189 and L. reuteri CCFM1190 improved indoleacrylic acid levels in mouse fecal samples using untargeted metabolomics analysis. In conclusion, CCFM1189, CCFM1190, and CCFM1029 decreased Th2 immune responses and alleviated FA pathological symptoms by regulating the gut microbiota diversity and composition, and altering gut microbial metabolites, which could provide support in clinical tests and probiotic production in the future.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Probióticos , Animais , Indóis , Camundongos , Ovalbumina , Probióticos/farmacologia
20.
Gut Microbes ; 14(1): 2044723, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35239463

RESUMO

Gut microbial disturbance affects allergic diseases including asthma, atopic dermatitis (AD) via the aberrant immune response. Some Bifidobacterial species and strains have been reported to improve AD via modulating immune-microbe interactions in patients. However, the effective metabolites and mechanism of alleviating AD in bifidobacteria remain to be elucidated. This study aimed to explore the microbial metabolite and mechanism of Bifidobacterium longum to improve AD. Based on shotgun metagenomic sequencing and UHPLC Q-Exactive-MS targeted metabolic experiments in vitro and in vivo, we focused on tryptophan metabolism and indole derivatives, which are endogenous ligands for aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). Indole-3-carbaldehyde (I3C), a tryptophan metabolite of B. longum CCFM1029 activated AHR-mediated immune signaling pathway to improve AD symptoms in animal and clinical experiments. B. longum CCFM1029 upregulated tryptophan metabolism and increased I3C to suppress aberrant T helper 2 type immune responses, but these benefits were eliminated by AHR antagonist CH223191. Furthermore, B. longum CCFM1029 reshaped gut microbial composition in AD patients, increased fecal and serum I3C, and maintained the abundance of Lachnospiraceae related to tryptophan metabolism of gut microbiota. The results suggested that based on the interactions of the gut-skin axis, B. longum CCFM1029 upregulated tryptophan metabolism and produced I3C to activate AHR-mediated immune response, alleviating AD symptoms. Indole derivates, microbial metabolites of tryptophan, may be the potential metabolites of bifidobacteria to alleviate AD via the AHR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium longum , Dermatite Atópica , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Bifidobacterium/genética , Bifidobacterium/metabolismo , Bifidobacterium longum/genética , Bifidobacterium longum/metabolismo , Humanos , Indóis/metabolismo , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/genética , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/metabolismo , Triptofano/metabolismo
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