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Radiol Clin North Am ; 59(5): 693-703, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392913


Precision medicine integrates molecular pathobiology, genetic make-up, and clinical manifestations of disease in order to classify patients into subgroups for the purposes of predicting treatment response and suggesting outcome. By identifying those patients who are most likely to benefit from a given therapy, interventions can be tailored to avoid the expense and toxicity of futile treatment. Ultimately, the goal is to offer the right treatment, to the right patient, at the right time. Lung cancer is a heterogeneous disease both functionally and morphologically. Further, over time, clonal proliferations of cells may evolve, becoming resistant to specific therapies. PET is a sensitive imaging technique with an important role in the precision medicine algorithm of lung cancer patients. It provides anatomo-functional insight during diagnosis, staging, and restaging of the disease. It is a prognostic biomarker in lung cancer patients that characterizes tumoral heterogeneity, helps predict early response to therapy, and may direct the selection of appropriate treatment.

Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Imagem Molecular/tendências , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/tendências , Medicina de Precisão/tendências , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/tendências , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
J Nucl Med ; 62(10): 1430-1437, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608426


PET with small molecules targeting prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is being adopted as a clinical standard for prostate cancer imaging. In this study, we evaluated changes in uptake on PSMA-targeted PET in men starting abiraterone or enzalutamide. Methods: This prospective, single-arm, 2-center, exploratory clinical trial enrolled men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer initiating abiraterone or enzalutamide. Each patient was imaged with 18F-DCFPyL at baseline and within 2-4 mo after starting therapy. Patients were followed for up to 48 mo from enrollment. A central review evaluated baseline and follow-up PET scans, recording change in SUVmax at all disease sites and classifying the pattern of change. Two parameters were derived: the δ-percent SUVmax (DPSM) of all lesions and the δ-absolute SUVmax (DASM) of all lesions. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to estimate time to therapy change (TTTC) and overall survival (OS). Results: Sixteen evaluable patients were accrued to the study. Median TTTC was 9.6 mo (95% CI, 6.9-14.2), and median OS was 28.6 mo (95% CI, 18.3-not available [NA]). Patients with a mixed-but-predominantly-increased pattern of radiotracer uptake had a shorter TTTC and OS. Men with a low DPSM had a median TTTC of 12.2 mo (95% CI, 11.3-NA) and a median OS of 37.2 mo (95% CI, 28.9-NA), whereas those with a high DPSM had a median TTTC of 6.5 mo (95% CI, 4.6-NA, P = 0.0001) and a median OS of 17.8 mo (95% CI, 13.9-NA, P = 0.02). Men with a low DASM had a median TTTC of 12.2 mo (95% CI, 11.3-NA) and a median OS of NA (95% CI, 37.2 mo-NA), whereas those with a high DASM had a median TTTC of 6.9 mo (95% CI, 6.1-NA, P = 0.003) and a median OS of 17.8 mo (95% CI, 13.9-NA, P = 0.002). Conclusion: Findings on PSMA-targeted PET 2-4 mo after initiation of abiraterone or enzalutamide are associated with TTTC and OS. Development of new lesions or increasing intensity of radiotracer uptake at sites of baseline disease are poor prognostic findings suggesting shorter TTTC and OS.