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1.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 41(spe): e20190146, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800800

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge of patients with venous ulcers (VU) on their chronic disease, treatment, and prevention of complications, according to the Nursing Outcomes Classification-NOC. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted between 2017 and 2018 in a Brazilian hospital. The sample consisted of 38 patients with VU attended in outpatient nursing consultations. The study analyzed sociodemographic, clinical and nine indexes from the Knowledge: Chronic Disease Management (1847) of the NOC, assessed using a five-point Likert scale, analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: The mean of the result Knowledge: Chronic Disease Management (1847) was 3.56±1.42. The clinical index Procedures involved in treatment regimen had the highest mean 4.18±0.21, followed by Pain management strategies with 3.92±0.27. In the association between knowledge and healing, the best scores were in patients with at least one healed VU. CONCLUSION: The knowledge of the patients was moderate and it was necessary to promote educational actions according to individual demands.

2.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 40(spe): e20180322, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038603

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the implantation of a care quality indicator associated to the nursing diagnosis of patients at high risk of bleeding, based on the alarming results of prothrombin time (PT), partially activated thromboplastin time (aPTT) and platelets. METHODS: Retrospective experience report of multidisciplinary actions developed in a university hospital. The stages of the study involved team meetings, search for effective communication strategies and creation of a new indicator of quality of care. RESULTS: The indicator was called "Compliance of Nursing Diagnosis Risk for bleeding", monitored monthly since June 2016. The technical file includes the characteristics and attributes of the indicator. Based on the analyzes of the indicator, action plans are established for its qualification. CONCLUSION: The implementation of the quality of care indicator associated to the nursing diagnosis improved the communication process, the monitoring and the nursing care to patients at risk of bleeding.

3.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 40(spe): e20180325, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038604

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of a standardized process of effective communication for the temporary transfer of inpatient care. METHOD: Experience report of the implantation of a process of temporary transfer of care between professionals of the hospital wards and areas of diagnostic-therapeutic procedures of a university hospital in the south of Brazil. The process began in 2015 involving adult wards and radiology, being expanded to other areas of the hospital in 2017. The construction of the form was done through meetings and training with the professionals involved in order to contemplate the specificities of care. RESULT: The elaborated form contemplates relevant aspects about the patient, subsidizing the professionals during the transitions of the care, transportation and accomplishment of procedures. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: Its implementation added security and strengthened the process of effective and structured communication among nursing professionals.

4.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(1): 64-72, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To select outcomes and indicators of the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), in order to assess patients with cancer under palliative care with Acute and Chronic Pain Nursing Diagnoses; and to construct the conceptual and operational definitions of the indicators. METHOD: Expert opinion study and literature review. The sample consisted of 13 experts. The data collection was in own tool applied in face-to-face meeting and by e-mail. In the analysis of the data, it was considered between 75% and 100% of agreement. RESULTS: Eight outcomes and 19 indicators were selected. The results with higher scores were Pain Level, Pain Control and Client Satisfaction: Pain Management. For all indicators selected, conceptual and operational definitions were constructed. CONCLUSION: The selection of results and priority indicators for the assessment of pain in palliative care, as well as the construction of its definitions, will support clinical practice.


Assuntos
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/normas , Medição da Dor/normas , Adulto , Dor do Câncer/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/estatística & dados numéricos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Manejo da Dor/normas , Medição da Dor/enfermagem , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(1): 64-72, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-990641

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To select outcomes and indicators of the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), in order to assess patients with cancer under palliative care with Acute and Chronic Pain Nursing Diagnoses; and to construct the conceptual and operational definitions of the indicators. Method: Expert opinion study and literature review. The sample consisted of 13 experts. The data collection was in own tool applied in face-to-face meeting and by e-mail. In the analysis of the data, it was considered between 75% and 100% of agreement. Results: Eight outcomes and 19 indicators were selected. The results with higher scores were Pain Level, Pain Control and Client Satisfaction: Pain Management. For all indicators selected, conceptual and operational definitions were constructed. Conclusion: The selection of results and priority indicators for the assessment of pain in palliative care, as well as the construction of its definitions, will support clinical practice.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Selección de resultados e indicadores de la Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) para evaluar pacientes oncológicos en cuidados paliativos con los diagnósticos de enfermería de Dolor Agudo y Crónico; construir las definiciones conceptuales y operativas de los indicadores. Método: Estudio de opinión de expertos y de revisión de literatura. La muestra fue compuesta por 13 especialistas. La recolección de datos fue en instrumento propio aplicado en encuentro presencial y por e-mail. En el análisis de los datos, se consideró entre el 75% y el 100% de concordancia. Resultados: Se seleccionaron ocho resultados y 19 indicadores. Los resultados con mayores puntuaciones fueron Nivel del Dolor, Control del Dolor y Satisfacción del Cliente: Control del Dolor. Para todos los indicadores seleccionados, se construyeron definiciones conceptuales y operativas. Conclusión: La selección de los resultados e indicadores prioritarios a la evaluación del dolor en cuidado paliativo, así como la construcción de sus definiciones, subsidiarán la práctica clínica.


RESUMO Objetivo: Selecionar resultados e indicadores da Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) para avaliar pacientes oncológicos em cuidados paliativos com os diagnósticos de enfermagem de Dor Aguda e Crônica; construir as definições conceituais e operacionais dos indicadores. Método: Estudo de opinião de especialistas e de revisão de literatura. A amostra foi composta por 13 especialistas. A coleta de dados foi em instrumento próprio aplicado em encontro presencial e por e-mail. Na análise dos dados, considerou-se entre 75% e 100% de concordância. Resultados: Selecionaram-se oito resultados e 19 indicadores. Os resultados com maiores escores foram Nível da Dor, Controle da Dor e Satisfação do Cliente: Controle da Dor. Para todos os indicadores selecionados, foram construídas definições conceituais e operacionais. Conclusão: A seleção dos resultados e indicadores prioritários à avaliação da dor em cuidado paliativo, bem como a construção de suas definições, subsidiarão a prática clínica.

6.
Rev. enferm. UFPE on line ; 13(1): 216-226, jan. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1006437

RESUMO

Objetivo identificar a ação da terapia a laser de baixa potência na cicatrização de feridas. Método: trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, tipo revisão integrativa, com busca de artigos publicados entre 2004 a 2017, nas bases de dados MEDLINE, LILACS e biblioteca virtual SciELO. Efetuaram-se, após a leitura dos artigos, a extração e a análise dos dados, e apresentam-se em forma de figura. Resultados: selecionaram-se 24 artigos, com diferentes delineamentos de pesquisa. Verificou-se que a terapia a laser de baixa potência propicia ações positivas na oxigenação, crescimento e modulação celular devido à luz irradiada, que afeta os processos metabólicos e produz bioestimulantes celulares e vasculares essenciais ao processo de reparo tecidual. Conclusão: conclui-se que a terapia a laser de baixa potência é um tratamento adjuvante que acelera o processo de reparação tecidual e promove benefícios ao conforto dos pacientes.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cicatrização , Ferimentos e Lesões , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , MEDLINE , LILACS
7.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40(spe): e20180325, 2019. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1004106

RESUMO

Resumo OBJETIVO Descrever a implantação de um processo padronizado de comunicação eficaz para transferência temporária do cuidado de pacientes hospitalizados. MÉTODO Relato de experiência da implantação de processo de transferência temporária do cuidado entre profissionais1 das unidades de internação e áreas de procedimentos diagnóstico-terapêuticos de um hospital universitário do sul do Brasil. O processo iniciou em 2015 envolvendo unidades de internação adulto e radiologia, sendo expandido para demais áreas do hospital em 2017. A construção do formulário se deu por meio de reuniões e capacitações com os profissionais envolvidos, visando contemplar as especificidades do cuidado. RESULTADO O formulário elaborado contempla aspectos relevantes sobre o paciente, subsidiando os profissionais durante as transições do cuidado, o transporte e realização de procedimentos. CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS Sua implantação agregou segurança e fortaleceu o processo de comunicação eficaz e estruturada entre profissionais de enfermagem.


Resumen OBJETIVO Describir la implementación de un proceso estandarizado de comunicación eficaz para la transferencia temporal del cuidado de pacientes hospitalizados. MÉTODO Relato de experiencia de la implementación del proceso de transferencia temporal del cuidado entre profesionales de las unidades de internación y las áreas de procedimientos diagnóstico-terapéuticos de un hospital universitario del sur de Brasil. El proceso inició en 2015 involucrando unidades de internación de adulto y radiología, siendo ampliado a otras áreas del hospital en 2017. La construcción del formulario se dio por medio de reuniones y capacitaciones con los profesionales involucrados con el objetivo de contemplar las especificidades del cuidado. RESULTADO El formulario elaborado contempla aspectos relevantes sobre el paciente subsidiando a los profesionales durante las transiciones del cuidado, el transporte y la realización de procedimientos. CONSIDERACIONES FINALES Su implementación agregó seguridad y fortaleció el proceso de comunicación eficaz y estructurada entre profesionales de enfermería.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To describe the implementation of a standardized process of effective communication for the temporary transfer of inpatient care. METHOD Experience report of the implantation of a process of temporary transfer of care between professionals of the hospital wards and areas of diagnostic-therapeutic procedures of a university hospital in the south of Brazil. The process began in 2015 involving adult wards and radiology, being expanded to other areas of the hospital in 2017. The construction of the form was done through meetings and training with the professionals involved in order to contemplate the specificities of care. RESULT The elaborated form contemplates relevant aspects about the patient, subsidizing the professionals during the transitions of the care, transportation and accomplishment of procedures. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Its implementation added security and strengthened the process of effective and structured communication among nursing professionals.

8.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40(spe): e20180322, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1004112

RESUMO

Resumo OBJETIVO Descrever a implantação de um indicador de qualidade assistencial associado ao diagnóstico de enfermagem de pacientes com alto risco de sangramento, com base nos resultados alarmantes de tempo de protombina (TP), tempo de tromboplastina parcialmente ativada (TTPa) e plaquetas. MÉTODOS Relato de experiência retrospectivo de ações multidisciplinares desenvolvidas em um hospital universitário. As etapas do estudo envolveram reuniões de equipes, busca de estratégias de comunicação efetiva e criação de um novo indicador de qualidade assistencial. RESULTADOS O indicador foi denominado "Conformidade do Diagnóstico de Enfermagem Risco de Sangramento", monitorado mensalmente desde junho de 2016. A ficha técnica contempla as características e atributos do indicador. Com base nas suas análises são estabelecidos planos de ações para sua qualificação. CONCLUSÃO A implantação do indicador de qualidade assistencial associado ao diagnóstico de enfermagem aprimorou o processo de comunicação, monitoramento e cuidado de enfermagem a pacientes com risco de sangramento.


Resumen OBJETIVO Describir la implementación de un indicador de calidad asistencial asociado al diagnóstico de enfermería de pacientes con alto riesgo de sangrado, con base en los resultados alarmantes de tiempo de protombina (Tp), tiempo de tromboplastina parcialmente activada (TTPa) y plaquetas. MÉTODO Relato de experiencia retrospectiva de acciones multidisciplinares desarrolladas en un hospital universitario. Las etapas del estudio involucraron reuniones de equipos, búsqueda de estrategias de comunicación efectiva y creación de un nuevo indicador de calidad asistencial. RESULTADOS El indicador se denominó "Conformidad del Diagnóstico de Enfermería Riesgo de Sangrado", y se monitoreó mensualmente desde junio de 2016. La ficha técnica contempla las características y atributos del indicador. Con base en los análisis del indicador se establecen planes de acción para su cualificación. CONCLUSIÓN La implementación del indicador de calidad asistencial asociado al diagnóstico de enfermería mejoró el proceso de comunicación, el monitoreo y el cuidado de enfermería a pacientes con riesgo de sangrado.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To describe the implantation of a care quality indicator associated to the nursing diagnosis of patients at high risk of bleeding, based on the alarming results of prothrombin time (PT), partially activated thromboplastin time (aPTT) and platelets. METHODS Retrospective experience report of multidisciplinary actions developed in a university hospital. The stages of the study involved team meetings, search for effective communication strategies and creation of a new indicator of quality of care. RESULTS The indicator was called "Compliance of Nursing Diagnosis Risk for bleeding", monitored monthly since June 2016. The technical file includes the characteristics and attributes of the indicator. Based on the analyzes of the indicator, action plans are established for its qualification. CONCLUSION The implementation of the quality of care indicator associated to the nursing diagnosis improved the communication process, the monitoring and the nursing care to patients at risk of bleeding.

9.
Int J Nurs Knowl ; 2018 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30370688

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Select and validate outcomes from Nursing Outcomes Classification and interventions from Nursing Interventions Classification for diagnoses Risk for Frail Elderly Syndrome and Frail Elderly Syndrome/NANDA International. METHODS: A consensus study with 15 gerontological nursing specialists. Data were collected by a Google forms instrument developed by the research team and analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: For the risk diagnosis, 11 outcomes and seven interventions were validated. For the problem-focused diagnosis, 12 outcomes and eight interventions were validated. CONCLUSION: The outcomes and interventions showed up as important elements applicable in the health assistance to older adults care with risk or Frail Elderly Syndrome. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Those outcomes and interventions are a linkages proposal with the diagnoses to be applied in the clinical practice.

10.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 26: e3016, 2018 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30110094

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to identify risk factors for falls in hospitalized adult patients. METHODS: a matched case-control study (one control for each case). A quantitative study conducted in clinical and surgical units of a teaching hospital in Southern Brazil. The sample comprised 358 patients. Data were collected over 18 months between 2013-2014. Data analysis was performed with descriptive statistics and conditional logistic regression using Microsoft Excel and SPSS version 18.0. RESULTS: risk factors identified were: disorientation/confusion [OR 4.25 (1.99 to 9.08), p<0.001]; frequent urination [OR 4.50 (1.86 to 10.87), p=0.001]; walking limitation [OR 4.34 (2.05 to 9.14), p<0.001]; absence of caregiver [OR 0.37 (0.22 to 0.63), p<0.001]; postoperative period [OR 0.50 (0.26 to 0.94), p=0.03]; and number of medications administered within 72 hours prior the fall [OR 1.20 (1.04 to 1.39) p=0.01]. CONCLUSION: risk for falls is multifactorial. However, understanding these factors provides support to clinical decision-making and positively influences patient safety.

11.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 39: e20170131, 2018 Aug 02.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30088602

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between Manchester Triage System flowchart discriminators and nursing diagnoses in adult patients classified as clinical priority I (emergency) and II (very urgent). METHOD: Cross-sectional study conducted in an emergency department in southern Brazil between April and August 2014. The sample included 219 patients. Data were collected from online patient medical records and data analysis was performed using Fisher's exact test or the chi-square test. RESULTS: 16 discriminators and 14 nursing diagnoses were identified. Associations were found between seven discriminators and five problem-focused nursing diagnoses, including the discriminator Cardiac pain and the diagnosis Acute pain. Three discriminators were associated with four risk nursing diagnoses, among these Acute neurological deficit with the diagnosis Risk of ineffective cerebral tissue perfusion. CONCLUSION: Significant associations were found between Manchester Triage System discriminators and the nursing diagnoses most frequently established in the emergency department.

12.
Trials ; 19(1): 372, 2018 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30001202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different methods are available for the treatment of venous ulcers. Most current approaches focus on a combination of topical and compressive therapy. Adjuvant low-level laser therapy may be helpful in lesions with a protracted healing course, but evidence for its use is still limited. This paper describes the protocol of a randomized controlled trial designed to compare the effect of adjuvant low-level laser therapy versus conventional venous ulcer tissue repair, evaluated by a nurse using clinical indicators from the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC). METHODS/DESIGN: For this prospective randomized controlled trial, 40 adult patients of both sexes with active venous ulcers will be recruited. Subjects will be selected by the sealed-envelope method without any annotation or external identification that might refer to the type of study group. At the time of unblinding, a label with the description of the group to which the patient belongs (that is, control or intervention) will be found inside the envelope. Conventional treatment (topical medication and compressive therapy) will be offered to both groups. Additionally, the intervention group will receive adjuvant low-level laser therapy. All patients will be followed weekly until ulcer healing or for a maximum of 16 weeks. Evaluation of tissue repair will be based on 14 clinical indicators drawn from NOC for wound healing (secondary intention) and tissue integrity (skin and mucous membranes). The primary endpoint will be decreased wound size and scar formation. This laser therapy is expected to enhance the quality, speed, and effectiveness of the treatment of venous ulcers, a chronic condition. This should reduce associated costs to the health service and allow patients to resume their daily activities sooner. DISCUSSION: This randomized clinical trial will use a validated method to investigate the effect of a novel intervention for the treatment of venous ulcers. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03229330 . Registered on July 2017.

13.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 39: e20170057, 2018 Jul 02.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29995072

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the single therapeutic project and the nursing process regarding its specificities and intersection points from the interdisciplinary care perspective. METHODIntegrative review of the literature from articles available in the Lilacs, SciELO, MEDLINE and PubMed databases, published in Portuguese, English and Spanish from 2005 to 2015. RESULTS: It was identified 23 articles. From these, 17 on the nursing process, six on the single therapeutic project and one about multiprofessional residency. From the analysis, their specificities and intersection points that describe the alignment and similarities between them were identified in the primary and mental health cares. CONCLUSIONS: The single therapeutic project and the nursing process are aligned in health practices in primary and mental health cares. The multiprofessional residency allows this alignment among them, and the nurse contributes to the interdisciplinary care with the nursing process.

14.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 31(4): 391-398, jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-973398

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivos Selecionar, desenvolver e validar as definições dos indicadores clínicos do resultado "Conhecimento: Controle da Doença Crônica" da Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) para pacientes com úlcera venosa (UVe). Métodos Estudo de validação por consenso de especialistas, realizado em um hospital universitário em 2017. Participaram do estudo 10 especialistas com experiência na utilização da NOC e no cuidado aos pacientes com UVe. A coleta de dados ocorreu por meio de encontro presencial com os especialistas, que validaram os indicadores previamente selecionados pelos pesquisadores. Posteriormente, foram desenvolvidas as definições conceituais e operacionais de nove indicadores selecionados, em consonância com a literatura e a experiência clínica dos especialistas. Na sequência, os especialistas responderam a um instrumento no google form, para contribuir com o refinamento das definições conceituais e operacionais dos indicadores e, por fim, houve novo encontro presencial, onde os especialistas validaram os indicadores e suas definições, considerando-se a concordância de 100%. Resultados Os nove indicadores selecionados e validados com suas definições conceituais e operacionais foram: causas e fatores contribuintes; benefícios do controle da doença; sinais e sintomas da doença crônica; estratégias de prevenção UVde complicações; estratégias para equilibrar atividade e repouso; estratégias de controle da dor; procedimentos envolvidos no regime de tratamento; responsabilidades pessoais com o regime de tratamentos e recursos financeiros para assistência. Conclusão Os indicadores clínicos selecionados e validados, por consenso de especialistas, poderão auxiliar enfermeiros no planejamento de intervenções e na avaliação dos resultados sobre o conhecimento do paciente referente aos cuidados no tratamento e prevenção da UVe.


Resumen Objetivo Seleccionar, desarrollar y validar las definiciones de los indicadores clínicos del resultado "Conocimiento: Control de la Enfermedad Crónica" de Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) para pacientes con úlcera venosa (UVe). Métodos Estudio de validación por consenso de expertos, realizado en un hospital universitario en el año 2017. Participaron del estudio 10 especialistas con experiencia en el uso de NOC y en el cuidado de los pacientes con UVe. La recolección de datos ocurrió por medio de un encuentro presencial con los especialistas, los cuales validaron los indicadores previamente seleccionados por los investigadores. Posteriormente, se desarrollaron las definiciones conceptuales y operacionales de nueve indicadores seleccionados, en consonancia con la literatura y la experiencia clínica de los especialistas. Además, los expertos respondieron a un instrumento en Google formulario, para contribuir al refinamiento de las definiciones conceptuales y operacionales de los indicadores y, por último, hubo una nueva reunión presencial, donde los expertos validaron los indicadores y sus definiciones, considerándose la concordancia del 100%. Resultados Los nueve indicadores seleccionados y validados con sus definiciones conceptuales y operacionales fueron: causas y factores contribuyentes; beneficios del control de la enfermedad; signos y síntomas de la enfermedad crónica; estrategias de prevención UVe de complicaciones; estrategias para equilibrar actividad y reposo; estrategias de control del dolor; procedimientos implicados en el régimen de tratamiento; responsabilidades personales con el régimen de tratamientos y recursos financieros para asistencia. Conclusión Los indicadores clínicos seleccionados y validados por consenso de expertos, podrán ayudar a enfermeros en las intervenciones de planificación y evaluación de los resultados sobre el conocimiento del paciente referente al cuidado en el tratamiento y prevención de la UVe.


Abstract Objectives Select, develop and validate the definitions of the clinical indicators for the outcome "Knowledge: Chronic Disease Management" in the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) for venous ulcer (VU) patients. Methods Validation study by expert consensus, developed at a university hospital in 2017. The study participants were 10 experts knowledgeable on the use of NOC and care for VU patients. The data were collected during a face-to-face meeting with the experts, who validated the indicators the researchers had previously selected. Then, the conceptual and operational definitions were developed for nine selected indicators, in line with the literature and the experts' clinical experience. Next, the experts answered a questionnaire in Google Forms to contribute to the refining of the indicators' conceptual and operational definitions and, finally, a new face-to-face meeting was held, when the experts validated the indicators and their definitions, considering an agreement level of 100%. Results The nine selected and validated indicators, with their conceptual and operational definitions, were: cause and contributing factors; benefits of disease management; signs and symptoms of chronic disease; strategies to prevent complications; strategies to balance activity and rest; strategies to manage pain; procedures involved in treatment regimen; personal responsibilities for treatment regimen and financial resources for assistance. Conclusion The selected clinical indicators validated by expert consensus can help nurses to plan interventions and assess outcomes on the patients' knowledge about care in VU treatment and prevention.

15.
Int J Nurs Knowl ; 2018 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29847016

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate patients in a smoking cessation support group using the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC). METHODS: Prospective observational cohort study conducted with 21 patients participating in a smoking cessation support group. Data were collected using an instrument consisting of 2 NOC outcomes and 20 indicators, applied during each of the six support group meetings. FINDINGS: The two NOC outcomes, Smoking Cessation Behavior (1625) and Substance Withdrawal Severity (2108), showed statistically significant differences over time in many of their indicators. CONCLUSIONS: The NOC outcomes demonstrated the clinical evolution and behavioral improvement of patients during the smoking cessation process. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: The findings highlight important elements of the evaluation of behavioral change and severity of withdrawal symptoms.

16.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 52: e03308, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29668783

RESUMO

Objective Describing the incidence of falls and its relation with preventive actions developed in a Brazilian university hospital. Method A retrospective longitudinal study. Hospitalized adult patients in the clinical, surgical, psychiatric and emergency units who suffered a fall in the institution, and who had the event notified in the period from January 2011 to December 2015 were included in the study. The data were collected from the institution's management information system and analyzed in the SPSS statistical program. Results There were 2,296 falls, with a mean incidence of 1.70 falls/1,000 patients per day. An increase in the incidence of falls was observed in the period from 2011 (1.61) to 2012 (2.03). In the following years, the incidence of falls decreased from 1.83 falls/1,000 patients per day in 2013 to 1.42 falls/1,000 patients per day in 2015. The incidence of falls accompanied an implementation of preventive actions, suggesting the impact of such interventions in reducing the event occurrence. Conclusion The findings demonstrate the importance of implementing preventive interventions in reducing the incidence of falls in hospitalized patients.

17.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(2): 431-439, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-898397

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to construct conceptual definitions for indicators of nursing outcome Knowledge: Fall Prevention, selected for evaluation of hospitalized patients with the nursing diagnosis Risk for falls. Method: integrative literature review performed in the LILACS, MEDLINE and Web of Science databases, comprising articles published in English, Spanish and Portuguese languages from 2005 to 2015. Results: the final sample of the study was composed of 17 articles. The conceptualizations were constructed for 14 indicators of nursing outcome Knowledge: Fall Prevention focused on hospitalized patients. Conclusion: the theoretical support of the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), through the process of constructing the conceptual definitions of the indicators of its results, allows nurses to accurately implement this classification in clinical practice and to evaluate the effectiveness of their interventions through the change of the patients' status over time.


RESUMEN Objetivo: construir definiciones conceptuales de indicadores del Resultado de Enfermería (RE) Conocimiento: Prevención de Caídas, seleccionadas para evaluación de pacientes hospitalizados con el Diagnóstico de Enfermería Riesgo de Caídas. Método: revisión integrativa de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE y Web of Science incluyendo artículos publicados en los idiomas inglés, español y portugués en el período de 2005 a 2015. Resultados: diecisiete artículos compusieron la muestra final del estudio. Se construyeron las conceptualizaciones para 14 indicadores del RE Conocimiento: Prevención de Caídas con foco en pacientes hospitalizados. Conclusión: la sustentación teórica de la NOC a través del proceso de construcción de las definiciones conceptuales de los indicadores de sus resultados posibilita que los enfermeros implementen esa clasificación en la práctica clínica de forma precisa, y puedan evaluar la efectividad de sus intervenciones a través del cambio del estado de los pacientes a lo largo del tiempo.


RESUMO Objetivo: construir definições conceituais de indicadores do Resultado de Enfermagem (RE) Conhecimento: Prevenção de Quedas, selecionadas para avaliação de pacientes hospitalizados com o Diagnóstico de Enfermagem Risco de Quedas. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE e Web of Science, compreendendo artigos publicados nos idiomas inglês, espanhol e português, no período de 2005 a 2015. Resultados: dezessete artigos compuseram a amostra final do estudo. Foram construídas as conceituações para 14 indicadores do RE Conhecimento: Prevenção de Quedas com foco em pacientes hospitalizados. Conclusão: a sustentação teórica da NOC, por meio do processo de construção das definições conceituais dos indicadores de seus resultados, possibilita que o enfermeiro implemente essa classificação na prática clínica de forma precisa, e possa avaliar a efetividade das suas intervenções através da mudança do estado dos pacientes ao longo do tempo.

18.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(2): 431-439, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-898428

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to construct conceptual definitions for indicators of nursing outcome Knowledge: Fall Prevention, selected for evaluation of hospitalized patients with the nursing diagnosis Risk for falls. Method: integrative literature review performed in the LILACS, MEDLINE and Web of Science databases, comprising articles published in English, Spanish and Portuguese languages from 2005 to 2015. Results: the final sample of the study was composed of 17 articles. The conceptualizations were constructed for 14 indicators of nursing outcome Knowledge: Fall Prevention focused on hospitalized patients. Conclusion: the theoretical support of the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), through the process of constructing the conceptual definitions of the indicators of its results, allows nurses to accurately implement this classification in clinical practice and to evaluate the effectiveness of their interventions through the change of the patients' status over time.


RESUMEN Objetivo: construir definiciones conceptuales de indicadores del Resultado de Enfermería (RE) Conocimiento: Prevención de Caídas, seleccionadas para evaluación de pacientes hospitalizados con el Diagnóstico de Enfermería Riesgo de Caídas. Método: revisión integrativa de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE y Web of Science incluyendo artículos publicados en los idiomas inglés, español y portugués en el período de 2005 a 2015. Resultados: diecisiete artículos compusieron la muestra final del estudio. Se construyeron las conceptualizaciones para 14 indicadores del RE Conocimiento: Prevención de Caídas con foco en pacientes hospitalizados. Conclusión: la sustentación teórica de la NOC a través del proceso de construcción de las definiciones conceptuales de los indicadores de sus resultados posibilita que los enfermeros implementen esa clasificación en la práctica clínica de forma precisa, y puedan evaluar la efectividad de sus intervenciones a través del cambio del estado de los pacientes a lo largo del tiempo.


RESUMO Objetivo: construir definições conceituais de indicadores do Resultado de Enfermagem (RE) Conhecimento: Prevenção de Quedas, selecionadas para avaliação de pacientes hospitalizados com o Diagnóstico de Enfermagem Risco de Quedas. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE e Web of Science, compreendendo artigos publicados nos idiomas inglês, espanhol e português, no período de 2005 a 2015. Resultados: dezessete artigos compuseram a amostra final do estudo. Foram construídas as conceituações para 14 indicadores do RE Conhecimento: Prevenção de Quedas com foco em pacientes hospitalizados. Conclusão: a sustentação teórica da NOC, por meio do processo de construção das definições conceituais dos indicadores de seus resultados, possibilita que o enfermeiro implemente essa classificação na prática clínica de forma precisa, e possa avaliar a efetividade das suas intervenções através da mudança do estado dos pacientes ao longo do tempo.

19.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 38(3): e66789, 2018 Mar 12.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538608

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To validate interventions and nursing activities proposed by the Nursing Interventions Classification for patients with acute renal failure or acute chronic renal disease in hemodialysis therapy with the Excess Fluid Volume and Risk for Imbalanced Fluid Volume nursing diagnoses. METHODS: Validation of content with 19 expert nurses from a university hospital. The data collection was made from September to November 2011 through instruments that contained the interventions and nursing activities in study. The data analysis considered the average of scores obtained in the validation process. RESULTS: The Fluid Management was validated as a priority intervention (mean ≥ 0.8), with eight main activities for the Excess Fluid Volume nursing diagnosis and eight for the Risk for Imbalanced Fluid Volume nursing diagnosis. CONCLUSION: The validated intervation of the Fluid Management enables the monitoring of the hydric balance and facilitates the prevention of complications, which are important activities in the nursing care of the patients in hemodialysis therapy.

20.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 71(2): 431-439, 2018 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29412303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to construct conceptual definitions for indicators of nursing outcome Knowledge: Fall Prevention, selected for evaluation of hospitalized patients with the nursing diagnosis Risk for falls. METHOD: integrative literature review performed in the LILACS, MEDLINE and Web of Science databases, comprising articles published in English, Spanish and Portuguese languages from 2005 to 2015. RESULTS: the final sample of the study was composed of 17 articles. The conceptualizations were constructed for 14 indicators of nursing outcome Knowledge: Fall Prevention focused on hospitalized patients. CONCLUSION: the theoretical support of the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), through the process of constructing the conceptual definitions of the indicators of its results, allows nurses to accurately implement this classification in clinical practice and to evaluate the effectiveness of their interventions through the change of the patients' status over time.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem/normas , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
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