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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299005

RESUMO

Nanoparticles can interact with the complement system and modulate the inflammatory response. The effect of these interactions on the complement activity strongly depends on physicochemical properties of nanoparticles. The interactions of silver nanoparticles with serum proteins (particularly with the complement system components) have the potential to significantly affect the antibacterial activity of serum, with serious implications for human health. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of graphite oxide (GO) nanocomposites (GO, GO-PcZr(Lys)2-Ag, GO-Ag, GO-PcZr(Lys)2) on the antibacterial activity of normal human serum (NHS), serum activity against bacteria isolated from alveoli treated with nanocomposites, and nanocomposite sensitivity of bacteria exposed to serum in vitro (using normal human serum). Additionally, the in vivo cytotoxic effect of the GO compounds was determined with application of a Galleria mellonella larvae model. GO-PcZr(Lys)2, without IR irradiation enhance the antimicrobial efficacy of the human serum. IR irradiation enhances bactericidal activity of serum in the case of the GO-PcZr(Lys)2-Ag sample. Bacteria exposed to nanocomposites become more sensitive to the action of serum. Bacteria exposed to serum become more sensitive to the GO-Ag sample. None of the tested GO nanocomposites displayed a cytotoxicity towards larvae.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Grafite/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanocompostos/química , Óxidos/química , Soro/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Escherichia coli/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/efeitos da radiação , Lepidópteros/efeitos dos fármacos , Lepidópteros/efeitos da radiação , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Nanocompostos/administração & dosagem , Soro/microbiologia , Prata/química
2.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(4)2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33669430

RESUMO

Looking for upconverting biocompatible nanoparticles, we have prepared by the sol-gel method, silica-calcia glass nanopowders doped with different concentration of Tm3+ and Yb3+ ions (Tm3+ from 0.15 mol% up to 0.5 mol% and Yb3+ from 1 mol% up to 4 mol%) and characterized their structure, morphology, and optical properties. X-ray diffraction patterns indicated an amorphous phase of the silica-based glass with partial crystallization of samples with a higher content of lanthanides ions. Transmission electron microscopy images showed that the average size of particles decreased with increasing lanthanides content. The upconversion (UC) emission spectra and fluorescence lifetimes were registered under near infrared excitation (980 nm) at room temperature to study the energy transfer between Yb3+ and Tm3+ at various active ions concentrations. Characteristic emission bands of Tm3+ ions in the range of 350 nm to 850 nm were observed. To understand the mechanism of Yb3+-Tm3+ UC energy transfer in the SiO2-CaO powders, the kinetics of luminescence decays were studied.

3.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0243904, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33411832

RESUMO

Amyloid fibrils are widely studied both as target in conformational disorders and as basis for the development of protein-based functional materials. The three Zr phthalocyanines bearing dehydroacetic acid residue (PcZr(L1)2) and its condensed derivatives (PcZr(L2)2 and PcZr(L3)2) as out-of-plane ligands were synthesized and their influence on insulin fibril formation was studied by amyloid-sensitive fluorescent dye based assay, scanning electron microscopy, fluorescent and absorption spectroscopies. The presence of Zr phthalocyanines was shown to modify the fibril formation. The morphology of fibrils formed in the presence of the Zr phthalocyanines differs from that of free insulin and depends on the structure of out-of-plane ligands. It is shown that free insulin mostly forms fibril clusters with the length of about 0.3-2.1 µm. The presence of Zr phthalocyanines leads to the formation of individual 0.4-2.8 µm-long fibrils with a reduced tendency to lateral aggregation and cluster formation (PcZr(L1)2), shorter 0.2-1.5 µm-long fibrils with the tendency to lateral aggregation without clusters (PcZr(L2)2), and fibril-like 0.2-1.0 µm-long structures (PcZr(L3)2). The strongest influence on fibrils morphology made by PcZr(L3)2 could be explained by the additional stacking of phenyl moiety of the ligand with aromatic amino acids in protein. The evidences of binding of studied Zr phthalocyanines to mature fibrils were shown by absorption spectroscopy (for PcZr(L1)2 and PcZr(L2)2) and fluorescent spectroscopy (for PcZr(L3)2). These complexes could be potentially used as external tools allowing the development of functional materials on protein fibrils basis.


Assuntos
Amiloide/química , Indóis/química , Insulina/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Pironas/química , Zircônio/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular
4.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(13)2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645940

RESUMO

In this study, a highly crystalline bismuth ferrite (BFO) powder was synthesized using a novel, very simple, and cost-effective synthetic approach. It was demonstrated that the optimal annealing temperature for the preparation of highly-pure BFO is 650 °C. At lower or higher temperatures, the formation of neighboring crystal phases was observed. The thermal behavior of BFO precursor gel was investigated by thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC) measurements. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and Mössbauer spectroscopy were employed for the investigation of structural properties. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to evaluate morphological features of the synthesized materials. The obtained powders were also characterized by magnetization measurements, which showed antiferromagnetic behavior of BFO powders.

5.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 11(3)2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164336

RESUMO

Photonic crystals (PhC) are spatially ordered structures with lattice parameters comparable to the wavelength of propagating light. Their geometrical and refractive index features lead to an energy band structure for photons, which may allow or forbid the propagation of electromagnetic waves in a limited frequency range. These unique properties have attracted much attention for both theoretical and applied research. Devices such as high-reflection omnidirectional mirrors, low-loss waveguides, and high- and low-reflection coatings have been demonstrated, and several application areas have been explored, from optical communications and color displays to energy harvest and sensors. In this latter area, photonic crystal fibers (PCF) have proven to be very suitable for the development of highly performing sensors, but one-dimensional (1D), two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) PhCs have been successfully employed, too. The working principle of most PhC sensors is based on the fact that any physical phenomenon which affects the periodicity and the refractive index of the PhC structure induces changes in the intensity and spectral characteristics of the reflected, transmitted or diffracted light; thus, optical measurements allow one to sense, for instance, temperature, pressure, strain, chemical parameters, like pH and ionic strength, and the presence of chemical or biological elements. In the present article, after a brief general introduction, we present a review of the state of the art of PhC sensors, with particular reference to our own results in the field of mechanochromic sensors. We believe that PhC sensors based on changes of structural color and mechanochromic effect are able to provide a promising, technologically simple, low-cost platform for further developing devices and functionalities.

6.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 199-213, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32021174

RESUMO

Purpose: Resistance to antibiotics is a major problem of public health. One of the alternative therapies is silver - more and more popular because of nanotechnology development and new possibilities of usage. As a component of colloid, powder, cream, bandages, etc., nanosilver is often recommended to treat the multidrug-resistant pathogens and we can observe its overuse also outside of the clinic where different physicochemical forms of silver nanoformulations (e.g. size, shape, compounds, surface area) are introduced. In this research, we described the consequences of long-term bacteria exposure to silver nanoformulations with different physicochemical properties, including changes in genome and changes of bacterial sensitivity to silver nanoformulations and/or antibiotics. Moreover, the prevalence of exogenous resistance to silver among multidrug-resistant bacteria was determined. Materials and Methods: Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria strains are described as sensitive and multidrug-resistant strains. The sensitivity of the tested bacterial strains to antibiotics was carried out with disc diffusion methods. The sensitivity of bacteria to silver nanoformulations and development of bacterial resistance to silver nanoformulations has been verified via determination of the minimal inhibitory concentrations. The presence of sil genes was verified via PCR reaction and DNA electrophoresis. The genomic and phenotypic changes have been verified via genome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. Results: Bacteria after long-term exposure to silver nanoformulations may change their sensitivity to silver forms and/or antibiotics, depending on the physicochemical properties of silver nanoformulations, resulting from phenotypic or genetic changes in the bacterial cell. Finally, adaptants and mutants may become more sensitive or resistant to some antibiotics than wild types. Conclusion: Application of silver nanoformulations in the case of multiple resistance or multidrug-resistant bacterial infection can enhance or decrease their resistance to antibiotics. The usage of nanosilver in a clinic and outside of the clinic should be determined and should be under strong control. Moreover, each silver nanomaterial should be considered as a separate agent with a potential different mode of antibacterial action.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanoestruturas/química , Prata/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/genética , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Prata/química
7.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 10417, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320659

RESUMO

We studied magnetostatic response of the Bi0.9La0.1FeO3- KBr composites (BLFO-KBr) consisting of nanosized (≈100 nm) ferrite Bi0.9La0.1FeO3 (BLFO) conjugated with fine grinded ionic conducting KBr. When the fraction of KBr is rather small (less than 15 wt%) the magnetic response of the composite is very weak and similar to that observed for the BLFO (pure KBr matrix without Bi1-xLaxFeO3 has no magnetic response as anticipated). However, when the fraction of KBr increases above 15%, the magnetic response of the composite changes substantially and the field dependence of magnetization reveals ferromagnetic-like hysteresis loop with a remanent magnetization about 0.14 emu/g and coercive field about 1.8 Tesla (at room temperature). Nothing similar to the ferromagnetic-like hysteresis loop can be observed in Bi1-zLazFeO3 ceramics with z ≤ 0.15, which magnetization quasi-linearly increases with magnetic field. Different physical mechanisms were considered to explain the unusual experimental results for BLFO-KBr nanocomposites, but only those among them, which are highly sensitive to the interaction of antiferromagnetic Bi0.9La0.1FeO3 with ionic conductor KBr, can be relevant.

8.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 9(7)2018 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30424278

RESUMO

A chromatic vectorial strain sensor constituted by hexagonal voids on transparent elastomeric substrate has been successfully fabricated via soft colloidal lithography. Initially a highly ordered 1.6 microns polystyrene spheres monolayer colloidal crystal has been realized by wedge-shaped cell method and used as a suitable mold to replicate the periodic structure on a polydimethylsiloxane sheet. The replicated 2D array is characterized by high periodicity and regularity over a large area, as evidenced by morphological and optical properties obtained by means of SEM, absorption and reflectance spectroscopy. In particular, the optical features of the nanostructured elastomer have been investigated in respect to uniaxial deformation up to 10% of its initial length, demonstrating a linear, tunable and reversible response, with a sensitivity of 4.5 ± 0.1 nm/%. Finally, it has been demonstrated that the specific geometrical configuration allows determining simultaneously the vectorial strain-stress information in the x and y directions.

9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(2)2018 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29393866

RESUMO

Silver is considered as antibacterial agent with well-known mode of action and bacterial resistance against it is well described. The development of nanotechnology provided different methods for the modification of the chemical and physical structure of silver, which may increase its antibacterial potential. The physico-chemical properties of silver nanoparticles and their interaction with living cells differs substantially from those of silver ions. Moreover, the variety of the forms and characteristics of various silver nanoparticles are also responsible for differences in their antibacterial mode of action and probably bacterial mechanism of resistance. The paper discusses in details the aforementioned aspects of silver activity.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/farmacologia , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/genética , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/ultraestrutura , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/genética , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/ultraestrutura , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Tamanho da Partícula , Prata/química
10.
Adv Colloid Interface Sci ; 236: 101-12, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27569200

RESUMO

Graphene-based materials have become very popular bionanotechnological instruments in the last few years. Since 2010, the graphene family materials have been recognized as worthy of attention due to its antimicrobial properties. Functionalization of graphene (or rather graphene oxide) surface creates the possibilities to obtain efficient antimicrobial agents. In this review, progress and advances in this field in the last few years are described and discussed. Special attention is devoted to materials based on graphene oxide in which specifically selected components significantly modify biological activity of this carbon structure. Short introduction concerns the physicochemical properties of the graphene family materials. In the section on antimicrobial properties, proposed mechanisms of activity against microorganisms are given showing enhanced action of nanocomposites also under light irradiation (photoinduced activity). Another important feature, i.e. toxicity against eukaryotic cells, is presented with up-to-date data. Taking into account all the information on the properties of the described materials and usefulness of the graphene family as antimicrobial agents, hopes and fears concerning their application are discussed. Finally, some examples of promising usage in medicine and other fields, e.g. in phytobiology and water remediation, are shown.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Grafite/farmacologia , Nanocompostos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Aspergillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Aspergillus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fusarium/efeitos dos fármacos , Fusarium/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Grafite/química , Luz , Nanocompostos/efeitos da radiação , Nanocompostos/ultraestrutura , Óxidos , Purificação da Água/métodos
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 49(59): 6620-2, 2013 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23772442

RESUMO

Different sol-gel strategies based on the Stöber method are proposed enabling preparation of nanoparticles of SiO2-CaO bioactive glass with different size, narrow size distribution and good dispersion capability. Eu(3+)-doped glass nanoparticles with luminescent properties can also be obtained.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio/química , Géis/química , Vidro/química , Nanopartículas/química , Óxidos/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 8(4): 605-12, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22852470

RESUMO

Hydroxyapatites (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 and Eu3+:Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2) were synthesized by aqueous synthesis route. Hydroxyapatites were impregnated with silver ions that were subsequently reduced. XRD, TEM, and SAED measurements were used in order to determine the crystal structure and morphology of the final products. The results showed the well crystallized hydroxyapatite grains with diameter of about 35 nm and with silver nanoparticles on their surface. The antimicrobial activity of the nanoparticles against: Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 as model of the Gram-positive bacteria, Escherichia coli ATCC 11229, and Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 4352 as model of Gram-negative bacteria, were shown with the best activity against K. pneumoniae. These nanocomposite powders can be a promising antimicrobial agent and a fluorescent material for biodetection due to their optical and bioactive properties.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Európio/química , Hidroxiapatitas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanocompostos/química , Prata/química , Prata/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Európio/administração & dosagem , Hidroxiapatitas/administração & dosagem , Íons/química , Klebsiella pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Luminescência , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nanocompostos/administração & dosagem , Nanocompostos/ultraestrutura , Prata/administração & dosagem , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Difração de Raios X
13.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 9(11): 6315-9, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19908528

RESUMO

Transparent Pr-doped YAG nanoceramics composed of grains with an average size of about 42 nm, were fabricated with the Low Temperature High Pressure (LTHP) sintering technique using the corresponding nanopowders as the starting materials. The structure of the nanoceramics was analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The effect of the sintering conditions on the structural properties is discussed on the basis of the changes of the spectroscopic properties of Pr3+ ions. In particular, the intensities and decays of the emission transitions originating from the (3)P0 and (1)D2 levels are investigated and correlated with structural properties of the material, such as microstrains produced by the high-pressure process.

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