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1.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 205: 126-133, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047761

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to establish a protocol for solid surface vitrification of peccary ovarian tissue by using different cryoprotectants. Ovarian pairs from five adult females were fragmented and two fragments (fresh control group) were immediately subjected to morphological evaluation using classical histology, transmission electron microscopy, and viability analysis using fluorescent probes. The remaining fragments (n = 18) were vitrified using a solid surface method with different concentrations (3 or 6 M) of ethylene glycol (EG), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or dimethyl formamide (DMF). After 2 weeks, samples were re-warmed and evaluated. A decrease in the percentage of morphologically normal preantral follicles (PFs) was verified for all the groups in comparison to the fresh control (92.0 ± 2.8%); however, if only the primordial follicles are considered, the most effective preservation (P < 0.05) was achieved with the use of EG at 3 M (74.2±7.3%) or DMSO at 6 M (75.0 ± 4.2%). Ultrastructural analysis indicated there were well-preserved PFs in all the groups evaluated, having well-defined membranes, a few vacuoles, and organelles that were uniformly distributed throughout the cytoplasm, mainly round and elongated mitochondria in close association with lipid droplets. Viability was preserved (P < 0.05) with the use of EG at 3 (97%) or 6 (97%) M, DMSO at 3 (100%), and DMF at 6 (97%) M. Solid surface vitrification, therefore, is an effective method for conservation of peccary female germplasm, especially with the use of EG at 3 M, which was highly effective for preservation of both the morphology and viability of PFs.


Assuntos
Artiodáctilos/fisiologia , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Ovário/fisiologia , Preservação de Tecido/veterinária , Vitrificação/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino
2.
Reprod Fertil Dev ; 30(2): 359-370, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28768567

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the viability, antrum formation and in vitro development of isolated secondary follicles from vitrified caprine ovarian cortex in a medium previously established for fresh isolated secondary follicles, in the absence (α-minimum essential medium (α-MEM+) alone) or presence of FSH and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF; α-MEM++FSH+VEGF). Ovarian fragments were distributed among five treatments (T1 to T5): fresh follicles were fixed immediately (T1), follicles from fresh tissue were cultured in vitro in α-MEM+ (T2) or α-MEM++FSH+VEGF (T3) and follicles from vitrified tissue were cultured in vitro in α-MEM+ (T4) or α-MEM++FSH+VEGF (T5). After 6 days of culture, treated follicles (T2, T3, T4 and T5) were evaluated for morphology, viability and follicular development (growth, antrum formation and proliferation of granulosa cells by Ki67 and argyrophilic nucleolar organiser region (AgNOR) staining). The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the culture media were also assessed. Overall, morphology of vitrified follicles was altered (P<0.05) compared with the fresh follicles. Follicular viability, antrum formation and ROS were similar between treatments (P>0.05). The average overall and daily follicular growth was highest (P<0.05) in T3. Granulosa cells in all treatments (T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5) stained positive for Ki67. However, fresh follicles from T3 had significantly higher AgNOR staining (P<0.05) compared with follicles of T1, T2, T4 and T5. In conclusion, secondary follicles can be isolated from vitrified and warmed ovarian cortex and survive and form an antrum when growing in an in vitro culture for 6 days.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/veterinária , Cabras/embriologia , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/veterinária , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Ovário/citologia , Animais , Antígenos Nucleares/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Forma Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/farmacologia , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/farmacologia
3.
J Glob Oncol ; 2(2): 83-96, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27284576

RESUMO

Fertility preservation in the cancer setting, known as oncofertility, is a field that requires cross-disciplinary interaction between physicians, basic scientists, clinical researchers, ethicists, lawyers, educators, and religious leaders. Funded by the National Institutes of Health, the Oncofertility Consortium (OC) was formed to be a scientifically grounded, transparent, and altruistic resource, both intellectual and monetary, for building this new field of practice capable of addressing the unique needs of young patients with cancer. The OC has expanded its attention to include other nonmalignant conditions that can threaten fertility, and the work of the OC now extends around the globe, involving partners who together have created a community of shared effort, resources, and practices. The OC creates materials that are translated, disseminated, and amended by all participants in the field, and local programs of excellence have developed worldwide to accelerate the pace and improve the quality of oncofertility research and practice. Here we review the global oncofertility programs and the capacity building activities that strengthen these research and clinical programs, ultimately improving patient care.

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