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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 2): 1641-1650, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592551

RESUMO

Peroxymonosulfate (PMS) has been activated for the generation of reactive oxygen species by nitrogen-doped carbonaceous material. However, the influence of phosphate on the degradation performance has not been reported. In this study, phosphate ions accelerate PMS decomposition and degradation of target organic compounds such as carbamazepine, atrazine, sulfamethoxazole, and benzoic acid. It was revealed that the physical mixture of phosphate with Co and N doped graphitic carbon (GcN/Co) demonstrates the occurrence of P C, P N, and P O - C bonds. Essentially, the graphitic N or graphitic N P increased in the presence of phosphate. This was correlated with the lower electrical transfer resistance, improved electrical conductivity, and higher electron morbidity confirmed by different electrochemical tests. Moreover, due to the strong buffering capacity of phosphate at neutral pH, bicarbonate was used to confirm the negligible influence of pH. The presence of phosphate helps to recover the scavenging effect of Cl- but has no effect on the presence of HCO3- and CO32-. Nevertheless, GcN/Co demonstrates good reusability for three reaction cycles, however, in order to maintain a high catalytic performance phosphate needs to be replenished after each cycle.


Assuntos
Grafite , Carbono , Cobalto , Elétrons , Nitrogênio , Peróxidos , Fosfatos
2.
Se Pu ; 39(12): 1362-1367, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812009

RESUMO

In capillary electrophoresis, determination of the basic physical and chemical properties of compounds, such as absolute mobility (m0) and dissociation constant (pKa), is of great practical significance. This is because the aforementioned properties are often used for the qualitative or quantitative analyses of the relevant compounds toward their application as potential drugs. Lovastatin is a potential drug candidate that can reduce the levels of cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the blood, as well as prevent atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. For a more convenient and rapid investigation of the properties and applications of lovastatin, it is necessary to determine its m0 and pKa values. However, existing research on capillary electrophoresis for lovastatin and other related drugs focus on their quantitative determination, and their action mechanism and functions. Unfortunately, there are very few studies aimed at the determination of the m0 and pKa values of lovastatin. Based on related studies, this paper herein proposed a novel method to determine m0 and pKa of lovastatin. The present study mainly included a calculation method and experimental verification. The calculation method was based on capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) and the empirical formula of ion mobility. First, on the basis of the empirical formula, the calculation formula for m0 was derived from the relationship between the actual mobility (mact), effective mobility (meff) and m0. Second, for a monovalent acid (HA), according to the calculation formula for m0 part, considering the hydrogen ion concentration as the independent variable and the reciprocal of meff as the dependent variable, a straight line was obtained on the coordinate axis. From the slope of this straight line, the dissociation equilibrium constant Ka was obtained directly, and pKa was calculated easily. After the derivation of m0 and pKa in the theoretical part, the feasibility and reliability of this method were verified by using it to determine the m0 and pKa values of several organic acids and bases (barbituric acid, benzoic acid, benzylamine, phenol, and m-cresol) in the experimental part. Note that for the buffer system with pH<6.0, reverse capillary electrophoresis was used for the determination of pKa, because this technique helped shorten the migration time and facilitates the detection of analytes that could not reach the cathode. After obtaining m0 and pKa, the theoretical reference values for these parameters were obtained by PeakMaster 5.1. The experimental data were well consistent with the theoretical m0 and pKa values. The standard deviation (SDs) of m0 and pKa were less than 6.0% and 6.2%, respectively. From the correlation coefficient (R) of the linear regression equation, it was found that the linear regression lines of pKa fit well, indicating the excellent reliability of this method. Finally, with this simple and reliable method, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was used as a marker for electroosmotic flow to determine the m0 and pKa values of lovastatin (-1.70×10-8 m2/(V·s) and 9.00, respectively). This method is suitable for the determination of m0 and pKa of acidic and basic analytes. The method has high accuracy and is expected to play an indispensable role in drug analysis.


Assuntos
Eletroforese Capilar , Lovastatina , Ácidos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(30): 9269-9275, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neonatal hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is associated with a high risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and was previously believed to be associated with an increased risk of surgery. CASE SUMMARY: A 3-day-old full-term male infant was admitted to the pediatrics department after presenting with "low blood glucose for 10 min". Hypoglycemia was corrected by intravenous glucose administration and oral breast milk. On the 3rd d after admission, an ultrasound examination showed gas accumulation in the hepatic portal vein; this increased on the next day. Abdominal vertical radiograph showed intestinal pneumatosis. Routine blood examination showed that the total number of white blood cells was normal, but neutrophilia was related to age. There was a significant increase in C-reactive protein (CRP). The child was diagnosed with neonatal NEC (early-stage). With nil per os, rehydration, parenteral nutritional support, and anti-infection treatment with no sodium, his hepatic portal vein pneumatosis resolved. In addition, routine blood examination and CRP examination showed significant improvement and his symptoms resolved. The patient was given timely refeeding and gradually transitioned to full milk feeding and was subsequently discharged. Follow-up examination after discharge showed that the general condition of the patient was stable. CONCLUSION: The presence of HPVG in neonates indicates early NEC. Early active anti-infective treatment is effective in treating NEC, minimizes the risk of severe NEC, and reduces the need for surgery. The findings of this study imply that early examination of the liver by ultrasound in a sick neonate can help with the early diagnosis of conditions such as NEC.

4.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1187: 339162, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753576

RESUMO

In this work, an auto-identify sensor was constructed for rapid and high-precision detection of L-histidine. The proposed strategy is based on the auto-identify algorithm and the aggregation of alkynyl and azide functionalized gold nanoparticles induced by the Cu+ catalyzed azides and alkynes cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction. Specially, the color of scattering light spots for the aggregated gold nanoparticle (AuNPs) caused by CuAAC reaction was quite different from that of the monomers. However, L-histidine can bind to Cu2+ and inhibits the production of Cu+, hence preventing the aggregation of AuNPs. Therefore, there is a distinct change of color as the addition of L-histidine under dark-field microscopy. Then, L-histidine can be quantitatively detected by combining the color change with the Meanshift algorithm accurately and automatically. Such proposed method has been successfully applied for the detection of L-histidine in serum sample with satisfying result.


Assuntos
Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Algoritmos , Alcinos , Azidas , Catálise , Química Click , Cobre , Reação de Cicloadição , Histidina
5.
Chem Sci ; 12(39): 13151-13157, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745546

RESUMO

Rare electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensors have been developed based on the direct regulation of ionic current because it is difficult to establish a relationship between ionic current and ECL reporting. Ionic current can be adjusted by the effective radius and charge density of a functionalized microchannel and is frequently adopted to develop electrical sensors. Here, we show a novel ECL sensing platform that combines the microchannel-based electrical sensing technology with an ECL reporting system for the first time. The target regulated the effective radius and charge density of a microchannel which in turn adjusted the ionic transport in it and finally caused the change of ECL reporting of a tris(1,10-phenanthroline)ruthenium(ii)/tripropylamine system. The developed system has already been applied to detect aflatoxin B1 for demonstration. This configuration separated the target sensing and reporting reactions to achieve direct regulation of ECL reporting by ionic current and expanded the application of the ECL detection technology to microanalysis.

6.
Trials ; 22(1): 772, 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain is common in the first 2 days after major craniotomy. Inadequate analgesia may lead to an increased risk of postoperative complications. Most pain following craniotomy arises from the pericranial muscles and soft tissues of the scalp. Scalp nerve blocks with local anesthesia seem to provide effective, safe, however, transient postoperative analgesia which does not seem to meet the requirements of craniotomy. Currently, peripheral dexamethasone has been observed to significantly prolong the duration of analgesia of nerve blocks (e.g., saphenous nerve block, adductor canal block, thoracic paravertebral block, brachial plexus nerve block). On the contrary, a study reported that perineural dexamethasone did not appear to prolong the analgesic time after supratentorial craniotomy. However, all patients in this study were given 24 mg of oral or intravenous dexamethasone regularly for at least 7 days during the perioperative period, which possibly masked the role of single local low doses of perineural dexamethasone. Therefore, the analgesic effect of single dexamethasone for scalp nerve blocks without the background of perioperative glucocorticoid deserves further clarification. METHODS: The REDUCE trial is a prospective, single-center, parallel-group randomized controlled trial involving a total of 156 adults scheduled for elective craniotomy with general anesthesia. Patients will be randomly divided among two groups: the control group (n = 78) will receive scalp nerve blocks with 0.5% bupivacaine, plus normal saline with epinephrine at 1:200,000; the DEX4mg group (n = 78) will receive scalp nerve blocks with 0.5% bupivacaine, plus 4 mg dexamethasone with epinephrine at 1:200,000. The primary outcome will be the duration of analgesia, defined as the time between the performance of the block and the first analgesic request. DISCUSSION: The REDUCE trial aims to further assess the analgesic effect of single dexamethasone as an adjuvant to scalp nerve blocks for relief of postcraniotomy pain without the background of perioperative glucocorticoid. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04648358 . Registered on November 30, 2020.


Assuntos
Bloqueio do Plexo Braquial , Couro Cabeludo , Adulto , Anestésicos Locais/efeitos adversos , Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(40): e27320, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia (GTN) is a spectrum of pregnancy-associated tumours emerging from placental tissue. Generally, GTN patients are considered to have a high rate of recovery. However, almost 25 per cent of GTN tumours resist, or have a high probability of relapsing following the first line of chemo treatment. Thus, tumours that resist or relapse requires salvage chemotherapy, sometimes accompanied by surgery. Globally, clinicians utilize a range of salvage regimens. Currently, ongoing debates are centred around choosing the best regimens in terms of safety and efficacy. Therefore, the current research aims to appraise the success and level of safeness using chemotherapy to treat patients with resistant or recurrent GTN. METHODS: The authors will conduct a methodological exploration in online-based databases to find Randomized Controlled Trials related to the adoption of chemotherapy agents as treatment for resistant or recurrent GTN patients. The databases are as follows: EMBASE, PubMed, Cochrane Database Central, UpToDate, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Web of Science, and WanFang Database. The search will be limited to articles published in either English or Chinese. Moreover, the authors will also perform a search for ongoing trials on online-based clinical trial registries. Two independent authors will screen and select articles for review. A similar process will be followed by two independent authors to complete the extraction of data and evaluate the bias risk. In relevant cases, the authors will contract trial investigators to obtain related, unpublished data. The authors will use the random-effects model for pooling data in RevMan software (v5.3). RESULTS: The present systematic review aims to evaluate the efficacy and level of safeness associated with using chemotherapy for resistant or recurrent GTN patients. CONCLUSION: The results of the proposed systematic analysis could summarize the most recent evidence for the use of chemotherapy agents on GTN patients. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Since the proposed study uses pre-published data, an ethical approval is not required. REVIEW REGISTRATION NUMBER: Aug 25, 2021.osf.io/rgzbn. (https://osf.io/rgzbn/).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Doença Trofoblástica Gestacional/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5984, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645781

RESUMO

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells have been recently developed at an increasing pace as clean energy conversion devices for stationary and transport sector applications. High platinum cathode loadings contribute significantly to costs. This is why improved catalyst and support materials as well as catalyst layer design are critically needed. Recent advances in nanotechnologies and material sciences have led to the discoveries of several highly promising families of materials. These include platinum-based alloys with shape-selected nanostructures, platinum-group-metal-free catalysts such as metal-nitrogen-doped carbon materials and modification of the carbon support to control surface properties and ionomer/catalyst interactions. Furthermore, the development of advanced characterization techniques allows a deeper understanding of the catalyst evolution under different conditions. This review focuses on all these recent developments and it closes with a discussion of future research directions in the field.

9.
Se Pu ; 39(11): 1273-1278, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677023

RESUMO

Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is a major component of glycated hemoglobin in human red blood cells. It has been proven to be a significant biomarker for the diagnosis of diabetes; its content in fresh red cells in diabetes blood reflects the average level of blood glucose over the previous three months. Thus, HbA1c level has been used for the assessment of long-term glycemic control in diabetes; the level of 6.5% HbA1c has been certified as a critical cut-off for the diabetes diagnosis. The current commonly used method for HbA1c quantification is based on cation-exchange high performance liquid chromatography (CX-HPLC). The method has advantages such as high stability, rapidity, and automation, but there are still some unidentified peaks of Hb species in CX-HPLC (VARIANT Ⅱ system); in particular, the presence of HbA3 (a glutathiolated Hb) affects the accurate determination of HbA1c. HbA3 is usually present in healthy adult blood samples at 2%-4%, but the concentration of HbA3 increases due to the protection of erythrocytes from oxidation, resulting in decreased HbA1c. However, the relative location of the HbA3 peak in the CX-HPLC clinical chromatogram has not been established. To address this issue, we extracted Hb species from fresh blood samples obtained from a hospital in an anaerobic environment to avoid possible redox reactions of Hb and glutathione. After the extraction, the Hb samples were analyzed using two methods: a low-resolution CX-HPLC (5/50 mm column) currently used for diabetes diagnosis and a high-resolution cationic exchange HPLC (Mono-S 5/50 mm column), to identify the peak corresponding to HbA3. The CX-HPLC analysis of fresh blood samples indicated that the unknown peak P3 located between HbA1c and HbA0 peaks corresponded to the HbA3 peak between HbA1c and HbA0 in the Mono-S-HPLC. Microarray isoelectric focusing (IEF) was used for the micro-preparation of HbA3, HbA1c, and HbA0 in healthy blood samples; then, the micro-prepared species of HbA3, HbA1c, and HbA0 were individually identified via Mono-S-HPLC. The results of the CX-HPLC, Mono-S-HPLC, and microarray IEF experiments indicated that the P3 peak might correspond to HbA3. To confirm this, glutathiolated Hb samples were synthesized via acetylphenylhydrazine and analyzed using both the Mono-S- and CX-HPLC systems. The results showed that the content of both glutaminated hemoglobin of HbA3 in Mono-S-HPLC and P3 in CX-HPLC increased, implying the peak of P3 with the retention time of 1.50 min in CX-HPLC was the peak corresponding to HbA3 in Mono-S-HPLC and microarray IEF. Based on the above experiments and our previous results, the influence of HbA3 on both the analysis of HbA1c in blood samples and the diabetes diagnosis needs to be considered and discussed. The study results are significant for the tentative assignment of peak P3 and for offering more information on diabetes diagnosis using CX-HPLC in the clinical setting.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hemoglobina A , Cátions , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Hemoglobina Falciforme , Humanos , Focalização Isoelétrica
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657370

RESUMO

Here, we report a case of unilateral adrenal aldosterone and cortisol co-secreting adenoma. A 34-year-old man with a history of severe hypertension for one year was detected hypokalemia (2.42 mmol/L lowest) and unilateral adrenal mass in a size of 71 mm*63 mm. Measurements of plasma aldosterone concentration and plasma renin activity showed marked increases. Primary aldosteronism was diagnosed. To exclude adrenal malignancy, the function of zona fasciculate was evaluated, and 24-h urine free cortisol was found abnormal in a testing. Further examinations revealed that circadian rhythm of serum cortisol disappeared and 2 mg-dexamethasone suppression test was positive. The final diagnosis was secondary hypertension, primary aldosteronism and subclinical Cushing's syndrome. After unilateral adrenalectomy, his blood pressure was normalized and biochemical parameters in the normal range. In conclusion, in patients with a large aldosterone-producing adenoma, the function of zona fasciculate might have to be evaluated for the identification of aldosterone and cortisol co-secreting neoplasms.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(38): 46164-46170, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533939

RESUMO

Two-dimensional semiconductors exhibit strong light emission under optical or electrical pumping due to quantum confinement and large exciton binding energies. The regulation of the light emission shows great application potential in next-generation optoelectronic devices. Herein, by the physical vapor deposition strategy, we synthesize monolayer hexagonal-shaped WS2, and its photoluminescence intensity mapping show three-fold symmetric patterns with alternating bright and dark regions. Regardless of the length of the edges, all domains with S-terminated edges show lower photoluminescence intensity, while all regions with W-terminated edges exhibit higher photoluminescence intensity. The photoluminescence segmentation mechanism is studied in detail by employing Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and Kelvin probe force microscopy, and it is found to originate from different strain distributions in the S-terminated region and the W-terminated region. The optical band gap determined by the photoluminescence in the dark region is ∼2 meV lower than that in the bright region, implying that more strain is stored in the S-terminated region than in the W-terminated region. The photoluminescence segmentation vanishes in transferred hexagonal-shaped WS2 from the initial substrate to a fresh silicon substrate, further confirming the physical mechanism. Our results provide guidance for tuning the optical properties of two-dimensional semiconductors by controllable strain engineering.

12.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1181: 338929, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556217

RESUMO

The dispersed gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have weak photothermal effect in near-infrared (NIR) region. After the addition of cysteine, the AuNPs are aggregated due to the electrostatic interaction and then exhibited strong photothermal effect. At present of copper ion (Cu2+), the cysteine was catalytically oxidized into cystine, leading to the inhibition of the aggregation of AuNPs and the photothermal effect decreased. Based on this, a simple photothermal assay can be developed for Cu2+ detection using a common thermometer as readout. The change of the temperature (ΔT) of the system has a linear relationship with Cu2+ in the range of 10-300 nM with a detection limit of 7.4 nM (S/N = 3). Furthermore, through labeling the detection antibody in immunoassay with CuO nanoparticles as the source of Cu2+, a convenient photothermal immunoassay can be developed. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), an important biomarker for cancer screening, was chosen as the model target because the rise of CEA level is widely present in cancer blood serum. Under the optimized conditions, ΔT has a linear relationship with CEA concentration in the range of 3.0-48.0 ng/mL. The detection limit is 1.3 ng/mL. The proposed method had been applied to detect CEA in serum samples with good agreement with the reference method used in hospital.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/análise , Imunoensaio , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Cobre , Cisteína , Ouro , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Termômetros
13.
Nanoscale ; 13(34): 14297-14303, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473172

RESUMO

The application of perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) in biomedical fields such as bioimaging and biosensing has been limited owing to their instability in the physiological environment. Herein, PQDs are innovatively encapsulated into nano-micelles composed of a polyethylene glycol-polycaprolactone (PEG-PCL) block copolymer, which allows the preparation of biocompatible PQDs (bio-PQDs) with excellent water resistance. Due to the benefits of extraordinary water resistance and biocompatibility, these bio-PQDs are capable of real-time and long-term quantitatively monitoring the H2S level in living cells as well as in zebrafish.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Animais , Compostos de Cálcio , Óxidos , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade , Titânio , Água , Peixe-Zebra
14.
Molecules ; 26(17)2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500750

RESUMO

A phenazine-1-carboxylic acid intermediate was synthesized from the reaction of aniline and 2-bromo-3-nitro-benzoic acid. It was then esterified and reacted with hydrazine hydrate to afford phenazine-1-carboxylic hydrazine. Finally, 10 new hydrazone compounds 3a-3j were obtained by the condensation reaction of phenazine-1-carboxylic acid hydrazide and the respective aldehyde-containing compound. The structures were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, MS and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The antitumor activity of the target compounds in vitro (HeLa and A549) was determined by thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide. The results showed that compound (E)-N'-(2-hydroxy-4-(2-(piperidine-1-yl) ethoxy) benzyl) phenazine-1-carbonyl hydrazide 3d exhibited good cytotoxic activity.


Assuntos
Hidrazonas/farmacologia , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HeLa , Humanos , Hidrazonas/síntese química , Hidrazonas/química , Estrutura Molecular , Fenazinas/síntese química , Fenazinas/química , Fenazinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
Chemistry ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519381

RESUMO

Wastewater treatment is of great significance to environmental remediation. The exploration of efficient and stable methods for wastewater treatment is still a challenging issue. Herein, a heterojunction material with photocatalysis and adsorption properties has been designed to remove the complex pollutants from wastewater. The heterojunction material (ZnO/TiO2 -PW12 , PW12 =[PW12 O40 ]3- ) was synthesized by calcining the ZnTi-layered double hydroxide (ZnTi-LDH) intercalated with the Keggin-type polyoxometalate H3 PW12 O40 . In the construction of ZnO/TiO2 -PW12 it was found that the polyanionic PW12 remained unchanged in the process of forming the proposed heterojunction. The photochemical properties verify that heterojunction synergistic with PW12 facilitated the separation of photoproduced electron-hole pairs and thus suppressed the recombination. Therefore, ZnO/TiO2 -PW12 exhibits excellent photocatalytic property, and the efficiency of Cr(VI) photoreduction reached more than 90 % in the first 3 min. Furthermore, the electrostatic force between the PW12 and cationic dyes makes ZnO/TiO2 -PW12 having an outstanding adsorption performance for cationic dyes, such as rhodamine B, crystal violet and methyl blue. Such heterojunction material combined with polyoxometalate puts forward new insights for the design of functional materials for water treatment with low cost and high efficiency.

16.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 281: 114458, 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352329

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Qihuzha granule (QHZG), is one of traditional Chinese patent medicines composed of eleven edible medicinal plant, which has been used in the clinic for the treatment of indigestion and anorexia in children caused by deficiency of the spleen and stomach. Yet it is noteworthy that QHZG has therapeutic effect on recurrent respiratory tract infection (RRTI) in children. However, its potential molecular mechanisms remained unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect and potential mechanism of QHZG on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced acute spleen injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The acute spleen injury model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (10 mg/kg) and safe doses of QHZG was administered by gavage once a day for 23 days before LPS treatment. Serum inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-1ß, IFN-γ, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were tested by ELISA. Related protein levels were detected by Western blotting. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was employed to observe the histological alterations. The distribution of macrophages and neutrophils in the mouse spleen was examined by immunofluorescence analysis. RESULTS: QHZG pretreatment significantly abolished the increased secretion of cytokines such as interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-1ß, IFN-γ, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), which were attributable to LPS treatment. Immunofluorescence staining and Histological analysis of spleen tissue revealed the protective effect of QHZG against LPS-induced acute spleen injury in mice. Further study indicated that pretreatment with QHZG significantly inhibited LPS-induced phosphorylation of Src. Accordingly, the increased phosphorylation of Src downstream components (JNK, ERK, P38 and STAT3) induced by LPS was remarkably diminished by QHZG, suggesting the involvement of Src/MAPK/STAT3 pathway in the inhibitory effects of QHZG on spleen injury in mice. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that QHZG protected mice from LPS-induced acute spleen injury via inhibition of Src/MAPK/Stat3 signal pathway. These results suggested that QHZG might serve as a new drug for the treatment of LPS-stimulated spleen injury.

17.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 46: 116346, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403956

RESUMO

Abnormal activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway is demonstrated in most of human malignant tumors via regulation of proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis. Therefore, drug discovery and development of targeting the PI3K/Akt pathway has attracted great interest of researchers in the development of anticancer drugs. In this study, fifteen 6-(pyridin-3-yl) quinazolin-4(3H)-one derivatives were designed and synthesized. Anticancer activities of the synthetic compounds were evaluated and the potential mechanisms were explored. Several compounds showed certain proliferation inhibitory activity against the tested cancer cells including human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) HCC827, human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y and hepatocellular carcinoma LM3 cells. Among them, compound 7i and 7m showed the best inhibitory activity against all the cancer cell lines and more active against HCC827 cells with IC50 values of 1.12 µM and 1.20 µM, respectively. In addition, 7i and 7m showed lower inhibitory activity against H7702 cells (human normal liver cells) with IC50 values of 8.66 µM and 10.89 µM, respectively, nearly 8-fold lower than that in HCC827 cells. These results suggested that compounds 7i and 7m had certain selectivity to tumor cells, compared to human normal cells. Further biological studies indicated 7i induced G2/M phase arrests and cell apoptosis of HCC827 cells via PI3K/Akt and caspase dependent pathway. Together, these novel 6-(pyridin-3-yl) quinazolin-4(3H)-one derivatives such as compound 7i and 7m might be lead compounds for development of potential anti-cancer drugs.

18.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e045493, 2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341037

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterised by a sudden, severe, electric shock like paroxysmal pain, which is almost always associated with triggers. Carbamazepine is the first-line medical management of TN. However, side effects are common. Currently, there is no ideal treatment for TN. Since there is a known abnormality of Na+ channels in the trigger zone, 5% lidocaine-medicated plaster (LMP), which can block the Na+ channels on Aδ and C fibres, is an effective treatment method in many chronic pain conditions. A case report has found the benefit of LMP for the treatment of TN without any side effects. Whether LMP is an option for the treatment of TN is worth exploring. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The PATCH trial is a double-blind, enriched enrolment with randomised withdrawal, vehicle-controlled trial, aiming to explore the effects and safety of LMP in patients with TN. There is a 3-week initial open-label phase, followed by a 4-week double-blind treatment phase for responders. In the double-blind phase, patients will have to withdraw from this PATCH study if they meet one of the following criteria for treatment failure such as: >50% increase in pain intensity or paroxysms, lack of efficacy or side effects. The primary outcome will be the number of treatment failures. Adverse events will also be monitored throughout the study. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study protocol has been approved by the Institutional Review Board of Beijing Tiantan Hospital (approval number: KY 2020-102-02). The results will be disseminated in international academic meetings and published in peer-reviewed journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04570293.


Assuntos
Lidocaína , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/tratamento farmacológico
19.
J Headache Pain ; 22(1): 95, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel neuroimaging strategies have the potential to offer new insights into the mechanistic basis for trigeminal neuralgia (TN). The present study aims to conduct whole-brain morphometry analyses of TN patients and to assess the value of group-level neocortical and subcortical structural patterns as tools for diagnostic biomarker exploration. METHODS: Cortical thickness, surface area, and myelin levels in the neocortex were measured via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The radial distance and the Jacobian determinant of the subcortex in 43 TN patients and 43 matched controls were compared. Pattern learning algorithms were employed to establish the utility of group-level MRI findings as tools for predicting TN. An additional 40 control patients with hemifacial spasms were then evaluated to assess algorithm sensitivity and specificity. RESULTS: TN patients exhibited reductions in cortical indices in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), the midcingulate cortex (MCC), and the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) relative to controls. They further presented with widespread subcortical volume reduction that was most evident in the putamen, the thalamus, the accumbens, the pallidum, and the hippocampus. Whole brain-level morphological alterations successfully enable automated TN diagnosis with high specificity (TN: 95.35 %; disease controls: 46.51 %). CONCLUSIONS: TN is associated with a distinctive whole-brain structural neuroimaging pattern, underscoring the value of machine learning as an approach to differentiating between morphological phenotypes, ultimately revealing the full spectrum of this disease and highlighting relevant diagnostic biomarkers.


Assuntos
Neuralgia do Trigêmeo , Encéfalo , Giro do Cíngulo , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neuroimagem , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 687455, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408996

RESUMO

Idiopathic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a relatively frequent kidney disorder that manifest clinically as proteinuria and progressive loss of renal function. Genetic factors play a dominant role in the occurrence of FSGS. CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) is an adapter molecule and is essential for the slit-diaphragm assembly and function. Mutations in the CD2AP gene can contribute to FSGS development. Here, we describe a Chinese family of four generations with unexplained proteinuria. The proband, a 12-year-old boy, was diagnosed as FSGS. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) revealed an unknown frameshift insertion mutation (p.K579Efs*7) of CD2AP gene that leads to a truncation of CD2AP protein. Bioinformatics strategies predicted that the novel mutation was pathogenic. The mutation was absent in either healthy family members or our 200 healthy controls. In summary, we used WES to explore the genetic lesion of FSGS patients and identified a novel mutation in CD2AP gene. This work broadens the mutation spectrum of CD2AP gene and provides data for genetic counseling to additional FSGS patients.

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