Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 65
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Hemoglobin ; : 1-3, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939318

RESUMO

ß-Thalassemia (ß-thal) is one of the most common inherited hemoglobin (Hb) disorders in southern China. Up to now, the mutation spectrum of ß-thal has been increasingly broadened through various molecular methods. In this study, a 34-year-old female displaying microcytic, hypochromic anemia was first detected with a novel IVS-I-6 (T>G) (HBB: c.92+6T>G) mutation by Sanger sequencing. Pedigree analysis performed on her family showed that her mother and her daughter, who had abnormal hematological indices, also carried this mutation, while her other family members with normal hematological phenotypes, were not detected to carry any mutation. Based on the observed symptoms in this Chinese family, we concluded that this novel mutation was associated with a mild ß-thal phenotype.

2.
Chemosphere ; 247: 125850, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931314

RESUMO

Bioremediation of heavy metal-contaminated soil using metal-resistant microbes is a promising remediation technology. However, as exogenous bacteria sometimes struggle to survive and grow when introduced to new soils, it is important to develop appropriate carriers for microbial populations. In this study, we report a novel approach to remediating Cd-contaminated rice paddy soil using biochar-supported microbial cell composites (BMCs) produced from agricultural waste (cornstalks). Pot experiments showed that amendment with BMC was more efficient at reducing root and grain Cd content than pure bacteria, while improving soil Cd fractionation toward more stabilized and less labile forms. Bacteria in the BMC medium grew more readily with more abundant metabolites than those raised in free cells, probably because biochar provides shelter via porous structures (as confirmed by scanning electron microscopy) as well as additional nutrients. Overall, the improved long-term production of microbial biomass caused by BMC inoculation results in a higher remediation efficiency. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of using biochar as an appropriate carrier for metal-tolerant bacteria to remediate Cd-contaminated paddy fields.

3.
Soft Matter ; 16(1): 142-151, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774100

RESUMO

The influence of hydrogen bonding on the self-assembly behaviors of Pluronic P123 micelles is experimentally and theoretically investigated by introducing three small molecules, i.e. propyl benzoate (PB), propyl paraben (PP) and propyl gallate (PG) into the aqueous solution. It is discovered that the number of phenolic hydroxyl groups and concentration of the tested small molecules exhibit a profound impact on the micellar morphology. Although all the small molecules increase the size and polydispersity of Pluronic micelles in a concentration-dependent manner, the micellar morphologies induced by them vary considerably as demonstrated by DLS and cryo-TEM measurement. PB, without phenolic hydroxyl, cannot bring about the morphological change of P123 micelles, while PP induces a series of morphological transitions from spheres to long worm-like micelles and then to unilamellar vesicles by increasing the PP content. Upon increasing the number of phenolic hydroxyls in small molecules, i.e. PG, the fusion of the intermicellar core takes place, resulting in the formation of large micelles and micellar clusters. A qualitative study by NMR reveals that the different locations of small molecules within the micelles are attributed to the balance of hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interaction between small molecules and copolymers. In addition, molecular dynamics simulations (MDS) are performed to further confirm the experimental results and provide quantitative information on intermolecular interaction strength. It is supposed that the mechanism of micellar morphological transition mediated by small molecules is ascribed to the hydrogen bonding interactions with varying strengths between the PEO blocks and their phenolic hydroxyls, which governs their locations in micelles, affecting the free energies from different regions of micelles, and consequently leads to the varying micellar morphologies. This study deepens our understanding of the role of hydrgen bonding in the self-assembly behaviors of Pluronic micelles and provides an alternative strategy for manipulating the nanostructure of Pluronic micelles.

4.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2087-2094, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492216

RESUMO

The wound of diabetic foot is difficult to heal, and in severe cases, diabetic patients have to undergo limb amputation even after wound management. Hyperglycemia-caused vascular dysfunction and serious wound bacterial infection are the two main causes of unhealed diabetic foot ulcers. Therefore, it would be of great benefit to rescue stalled healing in diabetic wound if the blood glucose concentration can be efficiently decreased while controlling the bacterial infection in diabetic wound. Herein, we report glucose oxidase (GOx)-loaded antimicrobial peptide hydrogels and investigate their potential as diabetic wound dressings. The antimicrobial hydrogels are formed by the selfassembly of a heptapeptide (IKYLSVN) driven by intermolecular hydrogen bonding and π-π stacking interaction. The loaded GOx can convert glucose into hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), thus reducing blood glucose concentration of diabetic patients. At the same time, the produced H2O2 is antimicrobial and can combat bacterial infection in diabetic wound together with the antimicrobial hydrogels. Microscopic morphology observation of hydrogel shows uniform fibers with approximately 40 nm in size. The embedding rate can still reach 90% when the loading rate of the hydrogel loaded glucose oxidase is 12%. GOx is released by the swelling of the hydrogel based on the mechanism of free diffusion, and the cumulative release rate reaches 55%. Moreover, in vitro experiments showed that our GOx-loaded peptide hydrogel exhibits outstanding antimicrobial activity while can efficiently reduce glucose concentration of blood samples, showing great potential as promising diabetic wound dressings.

5.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(9): 4287-4294, 2019 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854896

RESUMO

In order to evaluate the effects and mechanisms of flooding measures, soil conditioner, silicon mineral fertilizer and sprayed foliar fertilizer, gypsum powder, and their multiple treatments for reducing Cd accumulation in rice grown in Cd-contaminated soil. A plot experiment was conducted in three different Cd-contaminated soils. The results showed that flooding measures, a single application of conditioning agents, and combined application and flooding treatment can reduce soil-available Cd and the Cd content in various organs of rice with 6.58%-30.01% reduction in soil available-Cd and 12.64%-68.68% reduction in Cd content in brown rice, respectively. The Cd reduction decreased in the following order:comprehensive treatment (T6) > basic application of gypsum powder (T5) > base Xiangrunbang state soil conditioner (T3) > mineral silicon fertilizer and spray foliar fertilizer (T4) > flood treatment (T2). In addition, the average value of the reduction effect of the Cd content in brown rice was calculated. The five treatments in the experiment reduced the enrichment of various parts of the rice, which is a main reason for the decrease in Cd content in the brown rice. According to the field plot test, the combined application of the basic conditioning agent, mineral silicon fertilizer, and sprayed foliar fertilizer, and gypsum powder and flooding measures can be used as an effective method for Cd pollution control in Cd-contaminated cultivated rice.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Fertilizantes , Inundações , Oryza/química , Solo
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(11): 1090-1093, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703132

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) haplotyping for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for beta-thalassemia coupled with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching. METHODS: Three couples were recruited. Couple 1 both carried a ß (IVS-2-654) variation and had previously given birth to a son with ß thalassemia major. Couple 2 respectively carried (cd41-42) and ß (IVS-2-654) but had no history of pregnancy. Couple 3 respectively carried ß (CD17) and ß (IVS-2-654), and had a daughter carrying ß (CD17). RESULTS: For couple 1, NGS-SNP typing identified two embryos not only unaffected with thalassemia but also with matched HLA. One blastocyst was transferred and resulted in successful pregnancy. A healthy baby was born at 39th week of gestation. Its umbilical blood was used to treat the sick brother through hemopoietic stem cell transplantation. For couple 2, seven blastocysts were obtained. Second transplantation has resulted in successful pregnancy. Prenatal diagnosis was consistent with PGD. For couple 3, two blastocysts not only unaffected with thalassemia but also with no pathogenic copy number variations were obtained. Transfer of one blastocyte resulted in successful pregnancy, and prenatal diagnosis was consistent with PGD. CONCLUSION: NGS-based SNP typing is an useful tool for selecting embryos unaffected with beta-thalassemia and matched HLA through PGD.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação , Talassemia beta/diagnóstico , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Haplótipos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Talassemia beta/genética
7.
Biol Reprod ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616914

RESUMO

Pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) is an organochlorine fungicide widely used for crop production and has become an environmental concern. Little is known about the effect of PCNB on ovarian steroidogenesis and follicular development. We found that PCNB stimulated Star expression and progesterone production in cultured rat granulosa cells in a dose-dependent manner. PCNB activated MAPK3/1 (ERK1/2), thus inhibition of either PKA or MAPK3/1 signalling pathway significantly attenuated progesterone biosynthesis caused by PCNB, suggesting that PCNB induced progesterone production by activating the cAMP/PKA and MAPK3/1 signalling pathways. Further investigation demonstrated that PCNB induced Star expression and altered MAPK3/1 signalling in ovary tissues of immature SD rats treated with PCNB at the dose of 100, 200 or 300 mg/kg by daily gavage for 7 days, while serum progesterone level was dose-dependently decreased. We demonstrated that PCNB exposure accelerated the recruitment of primordial follicles into the growing follicle pool in ovary tissues, accompanied by increased levels of AMH in both ovary tissues and serum. Taken together, our data demonstrate for the first time that PCNB stimulated Star expression, altered MAPK3/1 signalling and progesterone production in vivo and in vitro, and accelerated follicular development with a concomitant increase in AMH in ovary tissues and serum. Our findings provide novel insight into the toxicity of PCNB to animal ovary function.

8.
Appl Opt ; 58(21): 5602-5611, 2019 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503860

RESUMO

OH radicals in the upper and middle atmosphere are important oxidants and play an important role in atmospheric photochemistry. A hyper-resolution spectrometer based on 308 nm glow was developed for obtaining OH radical concentration data in the upper and middle atmosphere. In order to verify the performance of the OH radical hyper-resolution spectrometer, several comprehensive ground experiments were carried out in this paper. The spectrometer observes OH radicals produced by a photochemistry reactor chamber to verify the detection ability of the instrument for characteristic signals. A solar observation experiment is used to evaluate the hyper-resolution spectroscopic ability of the spectrometer and the on-orbit field-of-slice-view function. In order to evaluate the detection ability of weak atmospheric background radiation, the experimental study of solar scattering light observation was carried out. The experimental results show that the spectrometer has the characteristics of ultrahigh spectral resolution (0.0086 nm), high sensitivity, and high signal-to-noise ratio. The ground observation results are consistent with the theoretical simulation values.

9.
J Thorac Dis ; 11(6): 2373-2382, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372274

RESUMO

Background: To analyze the protective effect of single-dose del Nido cardioplegia (DNC) in adult minimally invasive valve surgery. Methods: From January to December 2017, 165 consecutive adult patients who underwent minimally invasive valve surgery by the same team of surgeons were divided into two cohorts based on the type of cardioplegia administered during surgery: (I) single-dose DNC (DNC group (n=76, male 41, female 35) used in patients from May to December, 2017 and (II) intermittent standard 4:1 blood cardioplegia based on St.Thomas solution (SBC group, n=89, male 45, female 44) used in patients from January to April, 2017. Preoperative baseline demographics, preoperative comorbidities, operative variables, postoperative complications, and patient outcomes were collected and compared between the two groups. Results: Preoperative characteristics were shown to be similar between the two groups before and after propensity matching. Patients in the DNC group required a significantly lower volume of cardioplegia. The volume of ultrafiltration in the DNC group was substantially higher than that in the SBC group. The spontaneous return of heartbeat rate in the DNC group was considerably higher than that in the SBC group (97.0% vs. 78.8%, P=0.006). The Euroscore II in the DNC group was markedly lower than that in the SBC group (2.00 vs. 3.00, P<0.05). The level of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in the DNC group was significantly lower than that in the SBC group (6.20 vs. 6.95, P<0.05). There were no differences in surgery procedure, cross-clamp time, bypass time, Apache score, troponin T (cTnT), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), liver and renal function, postoperative complications or patient outcomes between two groups. Regression analysis showed that cTnT increased with the prolongation of myocardial ischemia time, and was closely related to the type of operation, but had no significant correlation with the type of cardioplegia. Conclusions: In our initial experience, single-dose DNC in adult minimally invasive valve surgery in which the cross-clamp time was mostly less than 90 min, achieved equivalent myocardial protection and clinical outcomes when compared with standard whole blood cardioplegia. In addition, single-dose DNC made the minimally invasive valve surgery procedure progress in a smoother and more convenient fashion.

10.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 133(12): 1281-1295, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171573

RESUMO

GDF1 plays an important role in left-right patterning and genetic mutations in the coding region of GDF1 are associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). However, the genetic variation in the promoter of GDF1 with sporadic CHD and its expression regulation is little known. The association of the genetic variation in GDF1 promoter with CHD was examined in two case-control studies, including 1084 cases and 1198 controls in the first study and 582 cases and 615 controls in the second study. We identified one single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs181317402 and two novel genetic mutations located in the promoter region of GDF1. Analysis of combined samples revealed a significant association in genotype and allele frequencies of rs181317402 T/G polymorphism between CHD cases in overall or ventricular septal defects or Tetralogy of Fallot and the control group. rs181317402 allele G polymorphism was significantly associated with a decreased risk of CHD. Furthermore, luciferase assay, chromatin immunoprecipitation and DNA pulldown assay indicated that Nkx2.5 transactivated the expression of GDF1 by binding to the promoter of GDF1. Luciferase activity assay showed that rs181317402 allele G significantly increased the basal and Nkx2.5-mediated activity of GDF1 promoter, while the two genetic mutations had the opposite effect. rs181317402 TG genotype was associated with significantly increased mRNA level of GDF1 compared with TT genotype in 18 CHD individuals. Our results demonstrate for the first time that Nkx2.5 acts upstream of GDF1 and the genetic variants in GDF1 promoter may confer genetic susceptibility to sporadic CHD potentially by altering its expression.

11.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 39(2): 944-952, 2018 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29964861

RESUMO

The effect of wet irrigation (CK), agronomic measure flooding (WF), instantaneous silicon fertilizer combined with flooding measures (FYsi), mineral silicon fertilizer combined with flooding measures (FKsi), and a mix of two kinds of silicon fertilizer combined with flooding measures (FYK) on the bio-availability of As and Cd in soil and the accumulation of As and Cd in rice were investigated by pot experiments. The results showed that the pH of the soils combined with flooding measures was increased by 0.12-0.72 units with similar trends of an increase and then a decrease before finally become neutral. The Eh of the soil combined with flooding was significantly decreased, but the Eh of soil after flooding treated by FYsi, FKsi, and FYK combined with the flooding was significantly higher than that treated by WF, and the content of Cd in brown rice was reduced by 38.83%-65.05% compared with that treated by CK. The WF and FYK treatments can significantly reduce the accumulation of Cd in brown rice, resulting in the lowest Cd contents in brown rice of 0.98 and 0.72 mg·kg-1, respectively. The contents of As in brown rice treated by FYsi, FKsi, and FYK were decreased by 23.80%, 38.10%, and 47.62%, respectively, compared with that with the CK treatment, except that the content of As in brown rice treated by WF increased by 36.64%. FYsi and FYK treatments had the best inhibitory effect on the accumulation of As in brown rice, with the lowest As contents of 0.13 mg·kg-1 and 0.11 mg·kg-1 in brown rice (P <0.01), respectively. There was an extremely significant correlation between the contents of extractable Cd and the total content of Cd in the brown rice (P <0.05), and there was no significant difference between the contents of extractable As and the total content of As in the brown rice. Therefore, FYsi, FKsi, and FYK can effectively inhibit the accumulation of Cd and As in rice grown in Cd-As compound polluted soil, and FYK showed the best performance.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes , Oryza , Silício/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Arsênico/análise , Disponibilidade Biológica , Cádmio/análise , Solo , Água
12.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 118: 193-207, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29626503

RESUMO

Heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) deficiency aggravates cardiac remodeling under pressure overload. However, the mechanism is still unknown. Here we employed microRNA array analysis of the heart tissue of HSF1-knockout (KO) mice to investigate the potential roles of microRNAs in pressure overload-induced cardiac remodeling under HSF-1 deficiency, and the profiles of 478 microRNAs expressed in the heart tissues of adult HSF1-KO mice were determined. We found that the expression of 5 microRNAs was over 2-fold higher expressed in heart tissues of HSF1-KO mice than in those of wild-type (WT) control mice. Of the overexpressed microRNAs, miR-195a-3p had the highest expression level in HSF1-null endothelial cells (ECs). Induction with miR-195a-3p in ECs significantly suppressed CD31 and VEGF, promoted AngII-induced EC apoptosis, and impaired capillary-like tube formation. In vivo, the upregulation of miR-195a-3p accentuated cardiac hypertrophy, increased the expression of ß-MHC and ANP, and compromised systolic function in mice under pressure overload induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC). By contrast, antagonism of miR-195a-3p had the opposite effect on HSF1-KO mice. Further experiments confirmed that AMPKα2 was the direct target of miR-195a-3p. AMPKα2 overexpression rescued the reduction of eNOS and VEGF, and the impairment of angiogenesis that was induced by miR-195a-3p. In addition, upregulation of AMPKα2 in the myocardium of HSF1-null mice by adenovirus-mediated gene delivery enhanced CD31, eNOS and VEGF, reduced ß-MHC and ANP, alleviated pressure overload-mediated cardiac hypertrophy and restored cardiac function. Our findings revealed that the upregulation of miR-195a-3p due to HSF1 deficiency impaired cardiac angiogenesis by regulating AMPKα2/VEGF signaling, which disrupted the coordination between the myocardial blood supply and the adaptive hypertrophic response and accelerated the transition from cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure in response to pressure overload.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/patologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição de Choque Térmico/deficiência , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Pressão , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Adenilato Quinase/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Sequência de Bases , Cardiomegalia/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , MicroRNAs/genética , Modelos Biológicos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Remodelação Ventricular
13.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 43(1): 35-8, 2018 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29383892

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of warm acupuncture on behavior and contents of serum immunoglobulin E(IgE), interleukin-1 ß(IL-1 ß) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in allergic rhinitis(AR) rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improving AR. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group, model group, medication group and warm acupuncture group(10 rats/group). The AR model was established by intraperitoneal injection of sensitization and nasal drip. The rats in the medication group were given fluticasone propionate nasal spray, daily for 10 days. Warm acupuncture was applied to "Fengchi"(GB 20), "Yintang"(GV 29), "Yingxiang"(LI 20) for 60 seconds, once daily for 10 days. Behavioral scores were used to evaluate behavioral changes in rats. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the expression levels of serum IgE, IL-1 ß and TNF-α. RESULTS: Behavioral scores of the model group were significantly higher than those of the control group 0, 3, 7 and 10 days after modeling (P<0.05). After treatment, the behavioral scores of medication group and the warm acupuncture group were lower than those of the model group (P<0.05), and the score was more lower in the warm acupuncture group than in the medication group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the levels of serum IgE, IL-1 ß and TNF-α in the model group were all increased (P<0.01), while the levels of serum IgE, IL-1 ß and TNF-α were decreased in the medication and warm acupuncture groups after treatment in comparison with the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the medication group, the levels of serum IgE, IL-1 ß and TNF-α were significantly lower in the warm acupuncture group (P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The expression levels of IgE, IL-1 ß and TNF-α were elevated in serum after AR attack. Warm acupuncture can improve the symptoms of AR rats, which may be associated to its effect in inhibiting the expression of serum IgE, IL-1 ß and TNF-α.


Assuntos
Rinite Alérgica , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Imunoglobulina E , Interleucina-1beta , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
14.
DNA Cell Biol ; 37(2): 109-116, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29298094

RESUMO

miR-138 modulates cardiac morphogenesis in zebrafish. We explored whether a genetic polymorphism in miR-138 might contribute to the occurrence of sporadic congenital heart disease (CHD) and the potential mechanism. We performed a case-control study consisting of 857 CHD cases and 938 non-CHD controls by genotyping miR-138 in a Chinese population. Two SNPs, including rare rs139365823 located in the pre-miR-138 sequence and rs76987351 located in the pri-miR-138 sequence, were identified by sequencing miR-138. The results demonstrated that the genotypes and allele frequencies of the rs139365823 minor allele A were significantly associated with the increased risk of CHD cases overall or in the Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) subtype, but not with the rs76987351 A/G allele. Real-time PCR data showed that the rs139365823 minor allele A significantly increased the expression of mature miR-138, whereas the rs76987351 minor allele A had the opposite effect. As TOF is caused by severe outflow tract (OFT) development and an alignment defect, we identified Dvl2, involved in OFT development, as a direct target of miR-138. Further, the rs139365823 minor allele A enhanced the miR-138-mediated inhibitory regulation of Dvl2. Taken together, our results demonstrated for the first time that the functional variant rs139365823 in pre-miR-138 altered the expression of mature miR-138 and its inhibitory effect on target genes and conferred the risk for CHD in the population studied here.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , China , Proteínas Desgrenhadas/genética , Proteínas Desgrenhadas/metabolismo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Interferência de RNA , Fatores de Risco
15.
Appl Spectrosc ; 72(1): 151-158, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28627233

RESUMO

Raman spectroscopic detection is one of the suitable methods for the detection of chemical warfare agents (CWAs) and simulants. Since the 1980s, many researchers have been dedicated to the research of chemical characteristic of CWAs and simulants and instrumental improvement for their analysis and detection. The spatial heterodyne Raman spectrometer (SHRS) is a new developing instrument for Raman detection that appeared in 2011. It is already well-known that SHRS has the characteristics of high spectral resolution, a large field-of-view, and high throughput. Thus, it is inherently suitable for the analysis and detection of these toxic chemicals and simulants. The in situ and standoff detection of some typical simulants of CWAs, such as dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP), diisopropyl methylphosphonate (DIMP), triethylphosphate (TEP), diethyl malonate (DEM), methyl salicylate (MES), 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES), and malathion, were tried. The achieved results show that SHRS does have the ability of in situ analysis or standoff detection for simulants of CWAs. When the laser power was set to as low as 26 mW, the SHRS still has a signal-to-noise ratio higher than 5 in in situ detection. The standoff Raman spectra detection of CWAs simulants was realized at a distance of 11 m. The potential feasibility of standoff detection of SHRS for CWAs simulants has been proved.

16.
Epilepsy Res ; 139: 9-13, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29128679

RESUMO

Early-onset epileptic encephalopathies (EOEEs) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders characterized by intractable seizures and unremitting interictal paroxysmal epileptiform activity. Consequently, these syndromes impair neurodevelopment during the first year of life. Currently, the etiology of these disorders is largely unknown. In this study, Childhood-Onset Epilepsy Gene Panel Testing (containing 511 epilepsy-related genes) was performed in a parent-offspring trio. In this family, the son had refractory seizures, intellectual disability, and motor abnormalities, and he was diagnosed with EOEE. The boy later died from a sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) at the age of 26 months. In this case, we identified a de novo mutation (c.4423G > A; glycine [Gly]1475 arginine [Arg]) classified as heterozygous missense located in the inactivation gate section of the SCN8A (voltage-gated sodium-channel type VIII alpha subunit) gene. This result strengthens the association between the SCN8A gene and EOEE, and more attention should be given to its high rate of SUDEP. Further studies to determine the pathogenic mechanisms of SCN8A mutations should be warranted at the inactivation gate section of this sodium channel in both neurons and cardiac muscles.


Assuntos
Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.6/genética , Síndrome de Brugada/genética , Pré-Escolar , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/fisiopatologia , Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/fisiopatologia , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Masculino
17.
Appl Opt ; 57(34): 10009-10016, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30645253

RESUMO

Greenhouse gas monitoring instruments (GMI) are spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (SHS) sensors that monitor greenhouse gases (GHG) from space. Due to several kinds of polarization-sensitive optical elements in GMIs, to some extent, the instrument becomes a polarization-sensitive sensor. Its polarization sensitivity will reduce the radiometric accuracy and spectral inversion accuracy of GHG column concentration. Theoretical radiation response models for analyzing the polarization sensitivity of a GMI, which is mainly affected by a scanning mirror beam splitter and diffraction gratings, are presented in this paper. Based on these models and the polarization performance testing, the theoretical and experimental results of the main spectral band of a GMI, covering the wavelength range of 1.568-1.583 µm for carbon dioxide (CO2) detection, have been given. The result shows that the linear polarization sensitivity is less than 0.65% and 1.32% in the nadir (45°, 0°) and in the oblique view direction (45±20°, ±31°), respectively, and that it meets the qualification requirement for an absolute radiometric calibration accuracy better than 5%. The absolute radiometric calibration accuracy directly affects the accuracy of GHG concentration retrieval.

18.
Appl Opt ; 56(35): 9830-9836, 2017 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29240133

RESUMO

Spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (SHS) is a new spatial interference spectroscopy which can achieve high spectral resolution. The alignment error of the detector array can lead to a significant influence with the spectral resolution of a SHS system. Theoretical models for analyzing the alignment errors which are divided into three kinds are presented in this paper. Based on these models, the tolerance angle of these errors has been given, respectively. The result of simulation experiments shows that when the angle of slope error, tilt error, and rotation error are less than 1.21°, 1.21°, 0.066° respectively, the alignment reaches an acceptable level.

19.
Chem Biol Interact ; 278: 162-169, 2017 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28987327

RESUMO

Deltamethrin (DLT) is effective against a broad spectrum of insects. Exposure to DLT has been demonstrated to cause oxidative stress. However, the mechanism of oxidative stress induced by DLT is little known. Groups of rats were gavaged with DLT once daily for 7 days at six dosages: 0, 2, 5, 10, 20, 40 mg/kg. The intensity of neurotoxicity and liver dysfunction caused by DLT were significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner. We found that DLT caused the increase of cytosolic superoxide in tissues. Western blot analysis showed that both the expression of p66shc and Ser36 phosphorylated p66shc, which were involved in ROS generation, were increased in tissues treated with DLT. Further investigation showed that DLT treatment resulted in the increase of intracellular ROS accompanied with elevated p66shc expression in different cell lines. And treatment of cells with DLT induced p66shc phosphorylation at Ser36 and the translocation of p66shc from cytoplasm to mitochondria. Moreover, the overexpression of wildtype p66shc caused the increase of DLT-mediated ROS level in SH-SY5Y cells, but cells overexpressing p66shcSer36Ala mutant plasmid had the opposite effect. And p66shc suppression by siRNA blunted DLT-mediated ROS generation. Taken together, our findings indicated p66shc mediated DLT-induced oxidative stress, which may be partly responsible for toxic effects.


Assuntos
Nitrilos/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Piretrinas/toxicidade , Proteína 1 de Transformação que Contém Domínio 2 de Homologia de Src/metabolismo , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Animais , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/patologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal , Miocárdio/patologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteína 1 de Transformação que Contém Domínio 2 de Homologia de Src/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína 1 de Transformação que Contém Domínio 2 de Homologia de Src/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA