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1.
Mol Med Rep ; 25(1)2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779500

RESUMO

The recombinant adeno­associated virus 8 (rAAV8) vector is a widely used tool in basic research and clinical trials. The cytomegalovirus immediate­early enhancer/chicken ß­actin (CAG) promoter is a synthetic promoter used in adenoviral constructs with a wide spectrum and notable efficiency. The thyroxine binding globulin (TBG) promoter is a liver­specific promoter, which directs transgene expression in hepatocytes. However, the transduction efficiency of the rAAV vector is dependent on both the administration routes and the promoter elements. In the present study, the transduction efficiency in the liver following intraperitoneal (IP) and intravenous (IV) injections of rAAV8 with the CAG, TBG669 and TBG410 promoters was compared. Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) expression was used as the biomarker to indicate efficiency. Among the three different promoters, CAG exhibited the highest efficiency from both IV and IP injections. Following IV administration, EGFP expression, induced by the CAG promoter, was 67­fold higher compared with that in the TBG410 promoter group and 26­fold higher compared with that in the TBG669 promoter group. EGFP protein expression was higher with IV injection compared with that for IP injection for both the CAG and TBG669 promoters (P<0.05). With the CAG promoter, EGFP protein expression was 1.5­fold higher with the use of IV injection than with IP injection. With the TBG410 promoter, no differences were observed between the two administrations. In conclusion, these findings demonstrated that the CAG promoter was much more efficient at driving gene expression in the liver compared with that for the TBG promoters in rAAV8. In addition, IP administration produced comparable efficiency for gene delivery via the rAAV8 vector, particularly with the promoter TBG410.

2.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746994

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate optimal warming time, the early warming or the routine warming time, for transferring vitrified-warmed and cultured overnight cleavage stage of the slow-growing embryos on day 3 in frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycle. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study from January 2017 to July 2018. A total of 705 FET patients aged < 40 years were included and 1486 embryos were formed, of which 1366 embryos were eventually transferred. RESULTS: For slow-growing embryos, the clinical pregnancy rate of early warming group [152/468 (32.5%)] was significantly higher than that of routine warming group (55/235 (23.4%)) [OR 1.39 (CI 1.06-1.81), p = 0.01], while there was no statistically significant difference in pregnancy loss in early warming group [39/170 (22.9%)] versus in routine warming group [16/62 (25.8%)] [OR 0.89 (CI 0.53-1.47), p = 0.65]. CONCLUSION: For slow-growing embryos, higher pregnancy outcomes were shown in early warming strategy as compared to the routine warming, which suggested that the improvement of endometrium-embryo synchronism may correct the time difference brought by the slow-growing embryos.

3.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 683342, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744811

RESUMO

Background: The association between migraine and suicide ideation has been identified. However, the predictive factors of suicidal ideation are still controversial and whether migraine with aura can serve as an independent associated factor is uncertain. This manuscript studied the association between migraine with aura and suicidal ideation and explored the predictive factors for suicidal ideation. Methods: We surveyed 9,057 medical students and included 579 medical students with migraine into our study population. All students completed the General Situation Questionnaire, the Verified Headache Questionnaire, Hamilton Anxiety Scale (24 items), Hamilton Depression Scale (24 items), 36-item Health Survey Brief (SF-36), Headache Impact Text-6 (HIT-6), Test Anxiety Scale (TAS), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Suicidal ideation was measured by the Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale (SIOSS). Results: Out of the 579 migraine medical college students, 562 (age 19.6 ± 1.6; 448 women and 114 men) were included in the final study. The positive rate of suicidal ideation was 13.7%. Compared with students suffering from migraine without aura, those having migraine with aura had higher suicidal ideation (p < 0.015). After adjusting for demographic factors and headache characteristics, migraine with aura was found to be independently associated with suicidal ideation. Other independent associated factors include anxiety, depression, test anxiety, sleep, headache, and quality of life. Among these various factors, high quality of life was found to play a protective role against suicidal ideation. Conclusions: Migraine with aura is independently associated with suicidal ideation. Furthermore, anxiety, depression, text anxiety, poor sleep quality, and headache frequency are associated with suicidal ideation among medical college students with migraine.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(21)2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770372

RESUMO

The design of the Controller Area Network (CAN bus) did not account for security issues and, consequently, attacks often use external mobile communication interfaces to conduct eavesdropping, replay, spoofing, and denial-of-service attacks on a CAN bus, posing a risk to driving safety. Numerous studies have proposed CAN bus safety improvement techniques that emphasize modifying the original CAN bus method of transmitting frames. These changes place additional computational burdens on electronic control units cause the CAN bus to lose the delay guarantee feature. Consequently, we proposed a method that solves these compatibility and security issues. Simple and efficient frame authentication algorithms were used to prevent spoofing and replay attacks. This method is compatible with both CAN bus and CAN-FD protocols and has a lower operand when compared with other methods.


Assuntos
Segurança Computacional , Telemedicina , Algoritmos , Comunicação , Confidencialidade , Eletrônica
5.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 34(5): 1759-1766, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803013

RESUMO

Valproate (VPA)-induced hepatotoxicity is a fatal adverse drug reaction,and children is a high-risk population. Our study aimed to explore whether key genetic polymorphisms of antioxidant pathway is associated with VPA-mediated AST elevation. We included 194 newly diagnosed epilepsy children (aged from 1 to 16 years old) and treated with VPA. These patients were divided into two groups: one group for AST is normal and another group is AST elevated. AST elevation occurred in 25.8% of patient treated with VPA. During VPA monotherapy, the maximum AST in patients of GSTP1 rs1695 with AA genotype was significantly higher than carrying G alleles (36.50 ±14.89 vs 32.88±10.69, P=0.003). Patients with AG+GG genotype of GSTP1 rs1695 had a reduced risk of elevated AST (adjusted OR=0.37, 95% CI: 0.16-0.84, P=0.017). There is a significant difference in the maximum AST value of CAT rs769217 genotype (P=0.011, P= 0.045, respectively). Children with CAT rs769217 CT genotype or CT+TT genotype have a lower risk of elevated AST (adjusted OR=0.30, 95% CI: 0.13-0.68, P=0.004 and adjusted OR=0.41, 95% CI:0.20-0.82,P=0.012, respectively). Children who with GSTP1 rs1695 G allele have a reduced risk of AST abnormalities. We conducted CAT rs769217 CC genotype is a risk factor for AST elevation in children.

6.
Food Chem ; : 131593, 2021 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838401

RESUMO

Nitrite is one of the most common carcinogens in daily food. Its simple, rapid, inexpensive, and in-field measurement is important for food safety, based on the requirements of the standard from Codex Alimentarius Commission and China. Using polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and thin layer silica gel (SG), p-aminophenylcyclic acid (SA) and naphthalene ethylenediamine hydrochloride (NEH), as carriers and chromogenic agents, respectively, PAN-NSS as nitrite color sensor is proposed. After fixing and protecting of SA and NEH with layer-upon-layer PAN, the validity period of the test paper can be prolonged from 7 days to more than 30 days. The reproducibility of PAN-NSS preparation is ensured by electrospinning. Combined with PAN-NSS, deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) and APP as a visual monitoring platform, which has the functions of rapid sampling, data processing and transmission, intuitive feedback, etc., and provides a fully integrated detection system for field detection.

7.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 735278, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721024

RESUMO

Oncolytic viruses (OVs) are considered a promising therapeutic alternative for cancer. However, despite the development of novel OVs with improved efficacy and tumor selectivity, their limited efficacy as monotherapeutic agents remains a significant challenge. This study extended our previously observed combination effects of propranolol, a nonselective ß-blocker, and the T1012G oncolytic virus into colorectal cancer models. A cell viability assay showed that cotreatment could induce synergistic killing effects on human and murine colorectal cell lines. Moreover, cotreatment caused sustained tumor regression compared with T1012G monotherapy or propranolol monotherapy in human HCT116 and murine MC38 tumor models. The propranolol activity was not via a direct effect on viral replication in vitro or in vivo. Western blotting showed that cotreatment significantly enhanced the expression of cleaved caspase-3 in HCT116 and MC38 cells compared with the propranolol or T1012G alone. In addition, propranolol or T1012G treatment induced a 35.06% ± 0.53% or 35.49% ± 2.68% reduction in VEGF secretion in HUVECs (p < 0.01/p < 0.01). Cotreatment further inhibited VEGF secretion compared with the monotherapies (compared with propranolol treatment: 75.06% ± 1.50% decrease, compared with T1012G treatment: 74.91% ± 0.68%; p<0.001, p < 0.001). Consistent with the in vitro results, in vivo data showed that cotreatment could reduce Ki67 and enhance cleaved caspase 3 and CD31 expression in human HCT116 and murine MC38 xenografts. In summary, ß-blockers could improve the therapeutic potential of OVs by enhancing oncolytic virus-mediated killing of colorectal cancer cells and colorectal tumors.

8.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(17): 1393, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733945

RESUMO

Objective: This narrative review describes experimental animal models of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) caused by ototoxic agents. Background: SNHL primarily results from damage to the sensory organ within the inner ear or the vestibulocochlear nerve (cranial nerve VIII). The main etiology of SNHL includes genetic diseases, presbycusis, ototoxic agents, infection, and noise exposure. Animal models with functional and anatomic damage to the sensory organ within the inner ear or the vestibulocochlear nerve mimicking the damage seen in humans are employed to explore the mechanism and potential treatment of SNHL. These animal models of SNHL are commonly established using ototoxic agents. Methods: A literature search of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science was performed for research articles on hearing loss and ototoxic agents in animal models of hearing loss. Conclusions: Common ototoxic medications such as aminoglycoside antibiotics (AABs) and platinum antitumor drugs are extensively used to induce SNHL in experimental animals. The effect of ototoxic agents in vivo is influenced by the chemical mechanisms of the ototoxic agents, the species of animal, routes of administration of the ototoxic agents, and the dosage of ototoxic agents. Animal models of drug-induced SNHL contribute to understanding the hearing mechanism and reveal the function of different parts of the auditory system in humans.

9.
J Periodontol ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the association between periodontitis and lung function in the United States of America. METHODS: The data was based on the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012. Periodontitis was defined following the CDC/AAP (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/American Academy of periodontology) classification. Lung function measurements included forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) , forced vital capacity (FVC) , and FEV1/FVC ratio. Linear regression and binary logistic regression were used to explore the association between periodontitis and lung function measurements. Restricted cubic spline was used to assess the dose-response relationships between the mean attachment loss, the mean probing depth and spirometry-defined airflow obstruction (FEV1/FVC < 0.7) . RESULTS: A total of 6313 adults aged 30 years or older were included. Compared to those with non-periodontitis, the multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of airflow obstruction for moderate and severe periodontitis were 1.38 (95%CI: 1.01-1.75) and 1.47 (95%CI: 1.06-2.01) , the ß coefficients of FEV1 for moderate and severe periodontitis were -130.16 (95%CI: -172.30 to -88.01) and -160.46 (95%CI: -249.94 to -70.97) , the ß coefficients of FVC for moderate and severe periodontitis were -100.96 (95%CI: -155.08 to -46.85) and -89.89 (95%CI: -178.45 to -1.33) , the ß coefficients of FEV1/FVC for moderate and severe periodontitis were -0.01 (95%CI: -0.02 to -0.01) and -0.02 (95%CI: -0.03 to -0.01) . In stratified analyses, the multivariate-adjusted odds ratios of airflow obstruction for the moderate and severe periodontitis were 1.27 (95%CI: 0.84-1.93) and 2.31 (95%CI: 1.10-4.83) in former smokers, 1.84 (95%CI: 1.03-3.30) and 1.79 (95%CI: 1.02-3.16) in current smokers, with no significant association observed in never smokers. Mean clinical attachment loss and mean probing depth were negatively associated with FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC in never, former and current smokers. Dose-response relationship analysis showed that the risk of airflow obstruction increased with increasing mean clinical attachment loss and mean probing depth, and showed a non-linear dose-response relationship. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that moderate and severe periodontitis might be associated with the decline of lung function in the United States of America. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
PeerJ ; 9: e12223, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824902

RESUMO

Background: The outbreak of the 2019 coronavirus disease outbreak (COVID-19) had a detrimental impact on adolescents' daily life and studying, which could increase the risk of depression. This study examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms (depression hereafter) among Chinese adolescents and its associated factors. Methods: An online survey was conducted during the COVID-19 outbreak in China. Adolescents aged 11-20 years who currently lived in China were invited to participate in the study. Data were collected with the "SurveyStar" platform using the Snowball Sampling method. Depression was assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Results: A total of 9,554 adolescents participated in the study. The prevalence of depression was 36.6% (95% CI [35.6%-37.6%]); the prevalence of mild and moderate-severe depression was 9.2% (95% CI [8.9%-9.5%]) and 27.4% (95% CI [26.9%-27.9%]), respectively. Female gender (OR = 1.235, P < 0.001), senior secondary school grade (OR = 1.513, P < 0.001), sleep duration of <6 h/day (OR = 2.455, P < 0.001), and living in Hubei province (total number of infected cases > 10,000) (OR = 1.245, P = 0.038) were significantly associated with higher risk of depression. Concern about COVID-19 (OR = 0.632, P < 0.001), participating in distance learning (OR = 0.728, P = 0.001), sleep duration of >8 h/day (OR = 0.726, P < 0.001), exercise of >30 min/day, and study duration of ≥4 h/day (OR = 0.835, P < 0.001) were associated with lower risk of depression. Conclusion: Depression was common among adolescents in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Considering the negative impact of depression on daily life and health outcomes, timely screening and appropriate interventions are urgently needed for depressed adolescents during the COVID-19 outbreak.

11.
J Clin Med ; 10(22)2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34830504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coexistence of thoracic fractures and blunt aortic injury (BAI) is potentially catastrophic and easy to be missed in acute trauma settings. Data regarding patients with thoracic fractures complicated with BAI are limited. METHODS: The authors conducted a prospective, observational, single-center study including patients with thoracic burst fractures. A multivariate logistic regression model was developed to determine the risk factors of aortic injury. RESULTS: In total, 124 patients with burst fractures of the thoracic spine were included. The incidence of BAI was 11.3% (14/124) in patients with thoracic burst fractures. Among these patients, 11 patients with BAI were missed diagnoses. The main risk factors of BAI were as follows: Injury severity score (OR 1.184; 95% CI, 1.072-1.308; p = 0.001), mechanism of injury, such as crush (OR 10.474; 95% CI, 1.905-57.579; p = 0.007), flail chest (OR = 4.917; 95% CI, 1.122-21.545; p = 0.035), and neurological deficit (OR = 8.299; 95% CI, 0.999-68.933; p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: BAI (incidence 11.3%) is common in patients with burst fractures of the thoracic spine and is an easily missed diagnosis. We must maintain a high suspicion of injury for BAI when patients with thoracic burst fractures present with these high-risk factors.

12.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(22)2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34830801

RESUMO

Detachment of cancer cells is the first step in tumor metastasis and malignancy. However, studies on the balance of initial tumor anchoring and detachment are limited. Herein, we revealed that the regulation of cytoskeleton proteins potentiates tumor detachment. The blockage of TGF-ß1 using neutralizing antibodies induced cancer cell detachment in the Boyden chamber and 3D in-gel spheroid models. Moreover, treatment with latrunculin B, an actin polymerization inhibitor, enhanced cell dissociation by abolishing actin fibers, indicating that TGF-ß1 mediates the formation of actin stress fibers, and is likely responsible for the dynamics of anchoring and detachment. Indeed, latrunculin B disrupted the formation of external TGF-ß1-induced actin fibers and translocation of intracellular vinculin, a focal adhesion protein, resulting in the suppression of cell adhesion. Moreover, the silencing of vimentin substantially reduced cell adhesion and enhanced cell detachment, revealing that cell adhesion and focal adhesion protein translocation stimulated by TGF-ß1 require vimentin. Using the 3D in-gel spheroid model, we found that latrunculin B suppressed the cell adhesion promoted by external TGF-ß1, increasing the number of cells that penetrated the Matrigel and detached from the tumor spheres. Thus, cytoskeleton remodeling maintained the balance of cell anchoring and detachment, and the TGF-ß1/vimentin/focal adhesion protein assembly axis was involved in the control dynamics of initial tumor detachment.

13.
J Psychosom Res ; 152: 110678, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Current evidence on the relationship between decreased handgrip strength and depression risk is controversial, and there is limited study focus on the potential bidirectional associations between them. We aim to explore their bidirectional relationships. METHODS: This study used panel data from the Health and Retirement Study involving 17,713 aging Americans (≥50 years old) who participated in at least 2 waves. Smedley spring-type hand-held dynamometer was used to assess the handgrip strength. Depression was evaluated by the 8-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CESD) scale. Time-lagged general estimating equations (GEE) were used to assess the bidirectional association between handgrip strength and the depression risk. RESULTS: In the fully adjusted model, every 5 kg decreased handgrip strength was associated with a 6% (95%CI: 3%-9%) increased risk of depression. Compared with non-weakness participants, those with weakness had a higher depression risk (OR = 1.22, 95%CI: 1.09-1.36). Conversely, depression might associate with a 0.33 kg (95% CI: 0.09-0.56) decrease in handgrip strength and increased the risk of weakness by 18% (95% CI: 6%-33%). In addition, the results remained stable in the stratified analyses by gender and sex. Interestingly, the above-mentioned associations were also observed in overweight and obese participants. CONCLUSIONS: The present study found bidirectional associations between handgrip strength and depression risk. Our results indicated early interventions for depression and handgrip strength might achieve reciprocal benefits over time.

15.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 7851-7858, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675679

RESUMO

Purpose: To explore the clinical significance of plasma pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) in assessing the incidence and prognosis of acute leukemia. Methods: Plasma samples from 56 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, 40 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients, and 66 plasma samples from healthy individuals were collected. The level of plasma PKM2 was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The clinical significance of PKM2 in acute leukemia was assessed by analyzing receiver operating characteristic and survival curves. Results: The plasma levels of PKM2 in AML or ALL patients were significantly higher than those in healthy individuals, respectively. PKM2 can be used as a potential diagnostic index with the AUC of 0.827 for AML and 0.837 for ALL. The level of plasma PKM2 in ALL patients with a BCR/ABL-positive genotype was significantly higher than that in patients with a BCR/ABL-negative genotype (p<0.05). The event-free survival and the overall survival of acute leukemia patients with higher PKM2 expression was worse than those with lower PKM2 expression. Conclusion: This study showed that higher levels of PKM2 was negatively correlated with the prognosis of acute leukemia. Therefore, PKM2 can be used as a potential index to assess the incidence and prognosis of acute leukemia.

16.
Injury ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chest trauma was the third most common cause of death in polytrauma patients, accounting for 25% of all deaths from traumatic injury. Chest trauma involves in injury to the bony thorax, intrathoracic organs and thoracic medulla. This study aimed to investigate the incidence, clinical characteristics, and outcome of polytrauma patients with pulmonary contusion, flail chest and upper thoracic spinal injury. METHODS: Patients who met inclusion criteria were divided into groups: Pulmonary contusion group (PC); Pulmonary contusion and flail chest group (PC + FC); Pulmonary contusion and upper thoracic spinal cord injury group (PC + UTSCI); Thoracic trauma triad group (TTT): included patients with flail chest, pulmonary contusion and the upper thoracic spinal cord injury coexisted. Outcomes were determined, including 30-day mortality and 6-month mortality. RESULTS: A total 84 patients (2.0%) with TTT out of 4176 polytrauma patients presented to Tongji trauma center. There was no difference in mean ISS among PC + FC group, PC + UTSCI group and TTT group. Patients with TTT had a longer ICU stay (21.4 days vs. 7.5 and 6.2; p<0.01), relatively higher 30-day mortality (40.5% vs. 6.0% and 4.3%; p<0.01), and especially higher 6-month mortality (71.4% vs. 6.5%, 13.0%; p<0.01), compared to patients with PC + FC or with PC + UTSCI. The leading causes of death for patients with TTT were ARDS (44.1%) and pulmonary infection (26.5%) during first 30 days after admission. For those patients who died later than 30 days during the 6 months, the predominant underlying cause of death was MOF (53.8%). CONCLUSIONS: Lethal triad of thoracic trauma (LTTT) were described in this study, which consisting of pulmonary contusion,flail chest and the upper thoracic spine cord injury. Like the classic "lethal triad", there was a synergy between the factors when they coexist, resulting in especially high mortality rates. Polytrauma patients with LTTT were presented relatively high 30-day mortality and 6 months mortality. We should pay much more attention to the patients with LTTT for further minimizing complications and mortality.

17.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(10)2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696285

RESUMO

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes PRRS and is known to effectively suppress host innate immunity. The current strategies for controlling PRRSV are limited and complete understanding of anti-PRRSV innate immunity is needed. Here, we utilized nine porcine innate immune signaling adaptors which represent all currently known innate immune receptor signaling pathways for screening of anti-PRRSV activity. The analysis of PRRSV N gene transcription and protein expression both suggested that the multiple ectopic adaptors exhibited varying degrees of anti-PRRSV activities, with TRIF and MAVS most effective. To better quantify the PRRSV replication, the GFP signal of PRRSV from reverse genetics were measured by flow cytometry and similarly varying anti-PRRSV activities by different signaling adaptors were observed. Based on the screening data, and considering the importance of viral nucleic acid in innate immune response, endogenous TRIF, MAVS and STING were selected for further examination of anti-PRRSV activity. Agonist stimulation assay showed that MAVS and STING signaling possessed significant anti-PRRSV activities, whereas siRNA knockdown assay showed that TRIF, MAVS and STING are all involved in anti-PRRSV activity, with TLR3-TRIF displaying discrepancy in anti-PRRSV infection. Nevertheless, our work suggests that multiple pattern recognition receptor (PRR) signaling pathways are involved in anti-PRRSV innate immunity, which may have implications for the development of future antiviral strategies.

18.
Viruses ; 13(10)2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696476

RESUMO

African swine fever (ASF) is mainly an acute hemorrhagic disease which is highly contagious and lethal to domestic pigs and wild boars. The global pig industry has suffered significant economic losses due to the lack of an effective vaccine and treatment. The African swine fever virus (ASFV) has a large genome of 170-190 kb, encoding more than 150 proteins. During infection, ASFV evades host innate immunity via multiple viral proteins. A528R is a very important member of the polygene family of ASFV, which was shown to inhibit IFN-ß production by targeting NF-κB, but its mechanism is not clear. This study has shown that A528R can suppress the TLR8-NF-κB signaling pathway, including the inhibition of downstream promoter activity, NF-κB p65 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation, and the antiviral and antibacterial activity. Further, we found the cellular co-localization and interaction between A528R and p65, and ANK repeat domains of A528R and RHD of p65 are involved in their interaction and the inhibition of p65 activity. Therefore, we conclude that A528R inhibits TLR8-NF-κB signaling by targeting p65 activation and nuclear translocation.

19.
Int J Equity Health ; 20(1): 234, 2021 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a serious global challenge associated with a complex array of health inequities for individuals, families, and communities. Consequently, in addition to a conventional criminal justice approach, anti-trafficking scholars have increasingly called for a public health approach to address this global challenge. Such calls have emphasized that a comprehensive, robust, and social justice-informed public health strategy for anti-trafficking must include services to facilitate survivors' HT exit and recovery, and to prevent their re-victimization. Fortunately, many community-based organizations and non-governmental organizations worldwide have heeded these calls and developed anti-trafficking programs for survivors. Unfortunately, despite the growing numbers of organizations providing anti-trafficking services, research concerning these programs' effectiveness remains nascent overall, and even more scant when filtered through an equity focus. METHODS: To advance the field by developing guidance concerning how best to evaluate anti-human trafficking programs, an ongoing research project aims to conduct a mixed methods evaluability assessment of a prominent anti-trafficking program using a social justice framework. Guided by well-established evaluability assessment frameworks, the study activities include four sequential steps: (a) focusing the assessment, (b) developing the program theory and logic, (c) gathering feedback, and (d) applying the assessment findings. Activities will include qualitative interviews and focus groups, observations, and quantitative analysis of program data among others. Human subjects and ethical review for the evaluability assessment has been granted by the Office of Human Subjects Research at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. DISCUSSION: Once completed, evaluability assessment results will provide evidence and products that have the potential to guide both evaluation research and service provision not only for the specific organization under study, but also for other anti-human trafficking programs worldwide. Findings will be developed into a variety of dissemination products tailored for both practice professionals and researchers. In the interim, this protocol manuscript offers research strategies and recommendations that can help inform the development of other studies in the developing field of anti-trafficking program evaluation research.


Assuntos
Organizações , Saúde Pública , Organização do Financiamento , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
20.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 479, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2016, the government of Bao'an District, Shenzhen, China launched a free medication program for all non-registered permanent residents with severe mental disorders (SMD) within its jurisdiction, in efforts to reduce the relapse caused by intermittent medication or non-medication. Participation in the program has not been analyzed since its inauguration. This study aimed to evaluate the participation of non-registered permanent residents with SMD in the program from 2016 to 2020 and to explore its influencing factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of 3760 non-registered permanent residents with SMD in Bao'an District, Shenzhen, China (response rate: 78.64%). Data have been obtained from two sources: the Shenzhen Information System for Psychosis in 2020 and the free medication program's management files from 2016 to 2020. We employ descriptive statistics to analyze the participation rate of the free medication program among non-registered permanent patients. Logistic regression analysis is used to explore the factors affecting the patients' participation in the program. RESULTS: The participation rate of the free medication program among non-registered permanent patients has shown an upward trend, rising from 28.83% in 2016 to 58.32% in 2020. High participation rates have been registered among the following patient subgroups: those aged between 30 and 39 (63.11%), those with high school/technical secondary school (62.33%), those from rural areas (61.62%), those living in poverty (67.79%), those suffering schizoaffective disorder (72.26%), those having SMD for less than 5 years (59.89%), and those with family history of mental illness (71.23%).Logistics regression analysis shows that age, patient-guardian relationship, place of residence, financial condition, types of disease, duration of illness and family history are the main factors affecting the patients' decision to participate in the free medication program. CONCLUSION: The steadily increasing participation rate of the free medication program indicates that the program has been gradually accepted and recognized by non-registered permanent residents with SMD. However, nearly half of the patients have yet to join the program. To further raise the participation rate, special attention should be given to patients who are financially secure, aged below 20, without guardians, intellectually disabled or suffering SMD for over 5 years.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
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