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1.
J Affect Disord ; 320: 161-168, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted focusing on the non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) incidence rate and influencing factors among left-behind children in northeastern Sichuan, China. In this study, we investigated the incidence rate of the NSSI behaviors, levels of anxiety and depression in left-behind children in northeastern Sichuan, and relevant sociodemographic factors. METHODS: The NSSI behaviors were identified using the Ottawa Self-injury Inventory (Chinese version). Its incidence rate and related influencing factors were evaluated by Cluster sampling; the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 Items (DASS-21) was adopted to assess the levels of anxiety, depression, and stress. RESULTS: A total of 9450 adolescents met the inclusion criteria, including 543 with NSSI behaviors, and the prevalence of NSSI was 5.7 %. There were 3596 left-behind children, and 243 of them had NSSI behaviors, the NSSI incidence in left-behind children was 6.8 %. There were 5854 non-left-behind children, and the NSSI incidence in non-left-behind children was 5.1 %. Left-behind children's NSSI behaviors were remarkably correlated with five risk factors: being female (OR = 2.411, 95%CI = 1.773-3.279), parents' divorce (OR = 1.742, 95%CI = 1.262-2.404), elder age (OR = 1.120, 95%CI = 1.028-1.219), severe depression (OR = 1.212, 95%CI = 1.148-1.281), and high anxiety (OR = 1.170, 95%CI = 1.093-1.251). LIMITATIONS: This is a cross-sectional study, we cannot probe into the causality between NSSI behaviors and corresponding risk factors. Reporting and recalling biases may be unavoidable as questionnaires are performed by self-rating scales and retrospective reports. CONCLUSION: The NSSI behaviors are common in left-behind children in northeastern Sichuan. This study proposes that prevention and intervention measures are necessary for the healthy growth of such children.


Assuntos
Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Humanos , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Prevalência
2.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 986388, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337193

RESUMO

Objective: The proportion of n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) plays an important role in regulating lipid metabolism. This study aimed to investigate the effects of dietary n-6/n-3 PUFA ratios on body fat deposition, tissues fatty acid composition, and gene expression of liver lipid metabolism of silver foxes during the winter fur growth period. Methods: Forty-eight age-matched male silver foxes with similar body weights were randomly divided into four dietary groups for 47 days, which were fed n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio with 3, 18, 41, and 136 experimental diets, respectively. Results: Dietary n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio did not significantly influence fat deposition parameters except for hepatic fat content. The variation trend of the fatty acid composition of liver, intramuscular fat, and subcutaneous fat in silver fox was directly related to dietary fatty acid content (p < 0.05). With the dietary n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio increasing, the expression of liver fatty acid synthase (FAS) mRNA and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) mRNA exhibited the trend of first decreasing and then increasing (p < 0.05), whereas L-fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) mRNA expression showed a gradual increasing trend (p < 0.05). Conclusion: In summary, silver foxes fed an n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio 18:1 diet (supplementing with 9.38% corn oil and 4.62% soybean oil) was more conducive to lipid decomposition, PUFA transport, and utilization of tissues, thereby meeting it for supplying energy and withstanding the cold.

3.
Small ; : e2205257, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36344428

RESUMO

Nickel based materials are promising electrocatalysts to produce hydrogen from water in alkaline media. However, the stability is of great challenge, limiting its practical material functions. Herein, a new technique for electro-deposition flower-like NiCo2 S4 nanosheets on carbon-cloth (CC@NiCo2 S4 ) is proposed for energy-saving production of H2 from water/methanol coelectrolysis at high current density by constructing array architectures and regulating surface magnetism. The optimized and fine-tuned magnetism on the surface of the electrochemical in situ grown CC@NiCo2 S4 nanosheet array result in (0 1 -1) surface universally exposed, high catalytic activity for methanol electrooxidation, and long-term stability at high current density. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy in combination of density functional theory calculations confirm the valence electron states and spin of d electrons for the surface of NiCo2 S4 , which enhance the surface stability of catalysts. This technology may be utilized to alter the surface magnetism and increase the stability of Ni-based electrocatalytic materials in general.

4.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 970400, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353502

RESUMO

Bacterial resistance is becoming increasingly serious, the present study aimed to investigate the mechanism of antibacterial sensitization effect of DHA27 combined with tobramycin in tobramycin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA). We found that DHA27 combined with aminoglycosides had an antibacterial sensitization effect on PA. Tobramycin, owing to its lower toxic and side effects, was selected to further study the molecular mechanism of drug combination. A sublethal-dose bacterial challenge/sepsis mouse model was established to study the protective effect of DHA27 plus tobramycin. Scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate whether DHA27 exerts the antibacterial sensitization effect by directly affecting bacterial morphology. The effect of DHA27 on daunorubicin accumulation in bacteria was studied, and quantitative reverse transcription PCR was used to study the effect of DHA27 plus tobramycin on 16S rRNA methyltransferase and aminoglycoside-modifying enzyme mRNA expression. Twenty clinical isolates of PA were found to be tobramycin resistant; DHA27 plus tobramycin had a significant antibacterial sensitization effect on many of these resistant strains. DHA27 plus tobramycin reduced the bacterial load in the spleen and lungs of sepsis model mice and levels of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ). DHA27 plus tobramycin significantly inhibited the mRNA expression of aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes in bacteria. DHA27 combined with AGs had an antibacterial sensitization effect on PA; the molecular mechanism underlying this effect is closely related to the inhibition of the mRNA expression of aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes, especially aac(3)-II.

5.
Lipids Health Dis ; 21(1): 122, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397103

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index and rheumatoid factor levels and the existence of cardiovascular disease in patients in the rheumatoid arthritis population and to analyze their potential value in predicting the risk of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated by the Traditional Chinese Medicine Department of Rheumatism of the China-Japan Friendship Hospital from 2019-01 to 2021-12 were included in this retrospective study. Regression analysis was performed with multifactor-corrected multimodal logistic models to observe the correlation between the TyG index and rheumatoid factor and cardiovascular disease risk, construct predictive models and assess the potential predictive value of the variables on cardiovascular disease risk with receiver operating characteristic curves. The results were further corrected by sensitivity analysis and trend tests. RESULTS: A total of 418 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were included in the study. In the rheumatoid arthritis population, high rheumatoid factor (OR = 1.002, 95% CI = 1.001-1.002, P < 0.001), high TyG index (OR = 1.057, 95% CI = 1.008-1.109, P = 0.022), advanced age (OR = 1.080, 95% CI = 1.050-1.112, P < 0.001), and low physical activity (OR = 2.848, 95% CI = 1.195-6.785, P = 0.018) were independent risk factors for the existence of cardiovascular disease in patients. The combined coefficient calculated on the basis of the TyG index and rheumatoid factor was used to plot the receiver operating characteristic curve with an area under the curve of 0.791, which can be used to predict the potential risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Further sensitivity analysis found that the marker of focus remained associated with cardiovascular disease risk in a high-physical activity population with rheumatoid arthritis. The final trend test found a linear trend between the TyG index, rheumatoid factor levels and the risk of cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSION: In the rheumatoid arthritis population, the TyG index and rheumatoid factor have some potential predictive value in determining the risk of cardiovascular disease, and the predictive efficacy is better when the two tests are combined.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Humanos , Triglicerídeos , Fator Reumatoide , Glucose , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Glicemia/análise , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações
6.
Endocrinology ; 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378561

RESUMO

The function and mechanism of SYTL5 in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) are still unclear. In this research, we found that SYTL5 was significantly overexpressed in PTC tissues compared with normal thyroid tissues. SYTL5 downregulation significantly weakened the proliferative, migratory, and invasive abilities of PTC cells. In addition, upregulated SYTL5 could promote cancer progression by activating the NF-κB signaling pathway. RAC1b expression is positively associated with SYTL5, and overexpressed RAC1b abrogated the antitumor effect after SYTL5 inhibition. In conclusion, our findings identify the oncogenic role of SYTL5 in PTC by activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway, thus facilitating PTC development and progression.

7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19331, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369339

RESUMO

The white yak, a type of unique and valuable farm animals on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, are mainly distributed in Tianzhu (County of Gansu Province), Menyuan, Huzhu and Ledu (three Counties of Qinghai Province) in China. In the present study, the Y-chromosomal genetic diversity, differentiation and phylogeny of three Chinese white yak breeds/populations (Tianzhu, Huzhu and Menyuan) were comprehensively explored using five Y-SNPs (SRY4, USP9Y, UTY19, AMELY3 and OFD1Y10) and one Y-STR (INRA189) markers. The results showed that six Y-haplotypes (H1Y1, H9Y1, H10Y1, H11Y2, H12Y2 and H13Y2) were identified in 97 male yak from three white yak breeds/populations. Among these haplotypes, H1Y1, H10Y1 and H11Y2 were shared by all of breeds/populations and H12Y2 was shared by Tianzhu and Huzhu populations. However, H9Y1 and H13Y2 haplotypes were only detected in Menyuan and Tianzhu white yak populations, respectively. The Y-haplotype diversity was maximum in Huzhu white yak (0.7500 ± 0.0349), the medium in Tianzhu white yak (0.6881 ± 0.0614) and the lowest in Menyuan white yak (0.5720 ± 0.0657). The total Y-haplotype diversity of three white yak breeds/populations was 0.7567 ± 0.0233, indicating rich paternal genetic diversity in white yak. The FST values showed a moderate differentiation between Tianzhu and Menyuan (FST = 0.0763, P < 0.05) populations, but a weak differentiation between Huzhu and Tianzhu white yak breeds/populations (FST = 0.0186, P > 0.05) and Huzhu and Menyuan (FST = - 0.005, P > 0.05) populations. The clustering analysis revealed a close genetic relationship between Huzhu and Menyuan white yak, both were far from Tianzhu white yak breed. The phylogenetic analyses showed that white yak had two Y-haplogroups/lineages (Y1 and Y2) with two potential paternal origins. The findings of present study provide new insight into the basic information for the formulation of molecular breeding programs of white yak. Moreover, it also contributes to the conservation and utilization of this special animal genetic resource.


Assuntos
Bovinos , Variação Genética , Filogenia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Animais , Bovinos/genética , Masculino , China , Haplótipos , Cruzamento
8.
Front Behav Neurosci ; 16: 1037103, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386779

RESUMO

Background: Migraineurs are often plagued by sleep disorders. The university student population is high in number and is more vulnerable to migraines. However, no study has analyzed the sleep quality of students with migraine and related contributing factors. Objective: We used the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scale to assess the sleep of migraine patients among college students and to explore the influencing factors of sleep quality. Methods: We performed primary screening for migraine using the ID-migraine screening, and further assessed headache characteristics, sleep, anxiety, depression, and mobile phone addiction in college students with positive primary screening, then diagnosed migraine according to the third edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-3). Finally, we analyzed the factors influencing sleep quality using Binary Logistic Regression Analysis. Those with scores greater than 5 points on the PSQI scale were believed to have poor sleep quality. Results: The prevalence of migraine was 6.6%. A total of 545 migraineurs were eventually included in the analysis, the incidence of poor sleep quality was 64.04%. The three factors of experiencing aura (OR = 2.966, 95%CI = 1.756-5.010, P < 0.05), anxiety (OR = 2.778, 95%CI = 1.434-5.382, P < 0.05), and high Mobile phone addiction index (MPAI) score (OR = 1.025, 95%CI = 1.002-1.049, P < 0.05) contributed enormously to poor sleep quality. Moreover, the factors of aura symptoms (OR = 3.796, 95%CI = 2.041-7.058, P < 0.05), anxiety (OR = 3.146, 95%CI = 1.473-6.719, P < 0.05), and MPAI score (OR = 1.028, 95%CI = 1.002-1.054, P < 0.05) influenced the sleep quality of female migraineurs rather than male migraineurs. Conclusions: The incidence of poor sleep quality is high among university students with migraine. Aura symptoms, anxiety, and high MPAI score influence the sleep quality of migraineurs, especially females. The proposal of prevention and intervention measures is of great importance to the physical and mental health of students with migraine. Clinical Trial Registration: identifier ChiCTR1800014343.

9.
Nurse Educ Today ; 120: 105633, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36436265

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to qualitatively synthesise existing literature to examine the clinical nursing experiences of final-year nursing students during the COVID-19 pandemic and provide recommendations for the effective management of clinical placement of nursing students. DESIGN: A qualitative systematic review was conducted and reported following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. DATA SOURCES: Five electronic databases were searched and qualitative studies were included for analysis if they focussed on the clinical nursing experiences of final-year nursing students during the COVID-19 pandemic. REVIEW METHODS: Data synthesis was conducted by extracting all findings, developing categories, and producing synthesised findings. RESULTS: Four synthesised findings were concluded: 1) facing the unknown and willingness to help, 2) challenging the clinical environment, 3) transition improving professional identity, and 4) finding ways out of the pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: The transition of nursing students to clinical nursing practice during the pandemic is a personally and professionally challenging process, while nursing students try to adapt to the changing clinical environment and enhance their professional identity. Nursing managers and health policymakers should acknowledge the challenges encountered by nursing students during the pandemic and support the professional growth of future nursing teams by providing high-quality supervision.

10.
Theranostics ; 12(17): 7216-7236, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438479

RESUMO

Rationale: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is a distressing disorder that seriously affects the physical and psychological health of women. RPL is also a sentinel risk marker for future obstetric complications and warrants in-depth investigation. Abnormal polarization and functions of decidual macrophages are associated with RPL; however, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Methods: Decorin expression, localization, and content in the decidua of women with normal pregnancy (NP) and those with RPL were measured using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), western blotting, immunofluorescence, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The profiles of decidual macrophage subsets were determined using flow cytometry and immunofluorescence in both groups. The correlation between decorin content and the proportion of decidual macrophage subsets in the decidua of early NP women was determined using Pearson analysis. The effects of decorin on the polarization and functions of macrophages were assessed in an in-vitro model of Raw264.7 cells via flow cytometry, western blotting, and RT-qPCR. Moreover, the mitochondrial metabolism in Raw264.7 cells under decorin administration was measured via flow cytometry, western blotting, and immunofluorescence. Thirty-three pregnant mice were included in the in vivo model and underwent different treatments. The embryo abortion rate, macrophage phenotype in the spleen and uteri, and placental development were evaluated using flow cytometry and hematoxylin-eosin staining. Results: Decorin, derived from decidual stromal cells, was highly expressed in the decidua of women with RPL. A positive correlation between decorin content and the proportion of M1-like macrophages was also observed in the decidua of early NP women. In vitro studies showed that decorin treatment inhibited macrophage polarization to M2-like subsets and boosted the inflammatory response, which was related to enhanced anaerobic glycolysis, increased mitochondrial membrane potential and intracellular reactive oxygen species levels, reduced mitochondrial mass, and activation of the myeloid differentiation primary response 88-nuclear factor-κB signaling pathway. Adoptive transfer of decorin-treated bone marrow-derived macrophages in pregnant C57BL/6 mice increased the embryo absorption, accompanied by impaired fetal vascularization. Conclusions: Decidual stromal cell-derived decorin can polarize decidual macrophages toward the M1 phenotype by regulating mitochondrial metabolism, resulting in the occurrence of RPL.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual , Decídua , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Camundongos , Animais , Decídua/metabolismo , Decorina/metabolismo , Placenta/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Aborto Habitual/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo
11.
J Gen Intern Med ; 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36441366

RESUMO

The problem of unaffordable prescription medications in the United States is complex and can result in poor patient adherence to therapy, worse clinical outcomes, and high costs to the healthcare system. While providers are aware of the financial burden of healthcare for patients, there is a lack of actionable price transparency at the point of prescribing. Real-time prescription benefit (RTPB) tools are new electronic clinical decision support tools that retrieve patient- and medication-specific out-of-pocket cost information and display it to clinicians at the point of prescribing. The rise in US healthcare costs has been a major driver for efforts to increase medication price transparency, and mandates from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services for Medicare Part D sponsors to adopt RTPB tools may spur integration of such tools into electronic health records. Although multiple factors affect the implementation of RTPB tools, there is limited evidence on outcomes. Further research will be needed to understand the impact of RTPB tools on end results such as prescribing behavior, out-of-pocket medication costs for patients, and adherence to pharmacologic treatment. We review the terminology and concepts essential in understanding the landscape of RTPB tools, implementation considerations, barriers to adoption, and directions for future research that will be important to patients, prescribers, health systems, and insurers.

12.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36441650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical characteristics of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) with different onset age, and perform a review of the literature to confirm if the clinical phenotypes are affected by onset age in patients with pSS. METHODS: Data of 742 patients with pSS were retrospectively analysed. Patients were divided into three groups according to onset age: young-onset pSS (YopSS, <35 years), adult-onset pSS (AopSS, ≥35 and ≤65 years), and elderly-onset pSS (EopSS, >65 years). Clinical characteristics were compared among three groups and further multiple comparisons were conducted by Bonferroni adjustment. The Chi-squared test for linear-by-linear association was used to explore variation tendency. RESULTS: This study included 105 (14.2%), 533 (71.8%), and 104 (14.0%) cases of YopSS, AopSS, and EopSS, respectively. YopSS demonstrated lower prevalence of dry mouth, abnormal Schirmer I tests, and interstitial lung disease (ILD), but higher proportions of low C3 and C4 levels, and ANA, anti-SSA, anti-SSB, and rheumatoid factor (RF) positivity than AopSS and EopSS. The proportions of dry mouth (p=0.004), abnormal Schirmer I tests (p=0.002), and ILD (p<0.001) tended to increase with the increase of onset age, while the prevalence of leukopenia (p=0.011), low C3 (p=0.001), low C4 (p=0.001), and ANA (p<0.001), anti-SSA (p<0.001), anti-SSB (p<0.001) and RF (p<0.001) positivity tended to decrease with an increase in onset age. CONCLUSIONS: YopSS demonstrated less dryness and ILD, but more immunologic disorders. ILD prevalence were directly proportional to onset age of pSS; however, leukopenia, hypocomplementaemia, and autoantibody positivity showed opposite trends.

13.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 1035153, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408403

RESUMO

Background and objective: Essential tremor (ET) is a common movement syndrome, and the pathogenesis mechanisms, especially the brain network topological changes in ET are still unclear. The combination of graph theory (GT) analysis with machine learning (ML) algorithms provides a promising way to identify ET from healthy controls (HCs) at the individual level, and further help to reveal the topological pathogenesis in ET. Methods: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were obtained from 101 ET and 105 HCs. The topological properties were analyzed by using GT analysis, and the topological metrics under every single threshold and the area under the curve (AUC) of all thresholds were used as features. Then a Mann-Whitney U-test and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) were conducted to feature dimensionality reduction. Four ML algorithms were adopted to identify ET from HCs. The mean accuracy, mean balanced accuracy, mean sensitivity, mean specificity, and mean AUC were used to evaluate the classification performance. In addition, correlation analysis was carried out between selected topological features and clinical tremor characteristics. Results: All classifiers achieved good classification performance. The mean accuracy of Support vector machine (SVM), logistic regression (LR), random forest (RF), and naïve bayes (NB) was 84.65, 85.03, 84.85, and 76.31%, respectively. LR classifier achieved the best classification performance with 85.03% mean accuracy, 83.97% sensitivity, and an AUC of 0.924. Correlation analysis results showed that 2 topological features negatively and 1 positively correlated with tremor severity. Conclusion: These results demonstrated that combining topological metrics with ML algorithms could not only achieve high classification accuracy for discrimination ET from HCs but also help us to reveal the potential topological pathogenesis of ET.

14.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 6267-6277, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329986

RESUMO

Background: Streptococcus constellatus, a commensal, plays an important role in purulent infections. It has been reported as aggressive pathogen causing pleural empyema. But the role of S. constellatus in empyema has not been taken seriously. There are no studies about clinical characteristics of empyema caused by S. constellatus domestically and abroad. This study aimed to explore the clinical features and management of empyema caused by S. constellatus. Methods: A retrospective review of 9 patients diagnosed with empyema caused by S. constellatus in a hospital between January 2010 and August 2021 was performed. Results: S. constellatus empyema were mostly seen in old males (66.7%) with comorbid diseases. The high-risk factors include diabetes mellitus, oral infection, and oral surgery. All were unilateral encapsulated empyema (right-side, 55.6%), diagnosed with pneumonia (bilateral pneumonia, 88.9%; ipsilateral lung abscess, 44.4%). 33.3% of patients had S. constellatus and anaerobes co-isolated. S. constellatus were sensitive to penicillin G, linezolid, levofloxacin, vancomycin, ceftriaxone, and chloramphenicol, resistant to erythromycin, tetracycline, and clindamycin. 33.3% of the patients needed ventilator support. The primary treatment to S. constellatus empyema was timely pus drainage, intravenous antibiotics, and enough nutrition support, intrapleural fibrinolytics and surgery (VAST recommended first) in necessity. Conclusion: S. constellatus may cause pneumonia and lung abscess first and then spread to cause empyema mainly in old males with comorbid diseases. S. constellatus often co-isolated with anaerobes in empyema. Antibiotics should cover simultaneously both S. constellatus and anaerobes.

15.
J Autoimmun ; 133: 102950, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356551

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a highly disabling, systemic autoimmune disease. It presents a remarkable tendency to recur, which renders it almost impossible for patients to live without drugs. Under such circumstances, many patients have to suffer the pain of recurrent attacks as well as the side effects of long-term medication. Current therapies for RA are primarily systemic treatments without targeting the problem that RA is more likely to recur locally. Emerging studies suggest the existence of a mechanism mediating local memory during RA, which is closely related to the persistent residence of tissue-resident memory T cells (TRM). TRM, one of the memory T cell subsets, reside in tissues providing immediate immune protection but driving recurrent local inflammation on the other hand. The heterogeneity among synovial TRM is unclear, with the dominated CD8+ TRM observed in inflamed synovium of RA patients coming into focus. Besides local arthritis relapse, TRM may also contribute to extra-articular organ involvement in RA due to their migration potential. Future integration of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) with spatial transcriptomics to explore the gene expression patterns of TRM in both temporal dimension and spatial dimension may help us identify specific therapeutic targets. Targeting synovial TRM to suppress local arthritis flares while using systemic therapies to prevent extra-articular organ involvement may provide a new perspective to address RA recurrence.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362432

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke, one of the most universal causes of human mortality and morbidity, is pathologically characterized by inflammatory cascade, especially during the progression of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. F-Box Protein 3 (FBXO3), a substrate-recognition subunit of SKP1-cullin 1-F-box protein (SCF) E3 ligase complexes, has recently been proven to be severed as an underlying pro-inflammatory factor in pathological processes of diverse diseases. Given these considerations, the current study aims at investigating whether FBXO3 exerts impacts on inflammation in cerebral I/R injury. In this study, first, it was verified that FBXO3 protein expression increased after a middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) model in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and was specifically expressed in neurons other than microglia or astrocytes. Meanwhile, in mouse hippocampal neuronal cell line HT22 cells, the elevation of FBXO3 protein was observed after oxygen and glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) treatment. It was also found that interference of FBXO3 with siRNA significantly alleviated neuronal damage via inhibiting the inflammatory response in I/R injury both in vivo and in vitro. The FBXO3 inhibitor BC-1215 was used to confirm the pro-inflammatory effect of FBXO3 in the OGD/R model as well. Furthermore, by administration of FBXO3 siRNA and BC-1215, FBXO3 was verified to reduce the protein level of Homeodomain-Interacting Protein Kinase 2 (HIPK2), likely through the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS), to aggravate cerebral I/R injury. Collectively, our results underline the detrimental effect FBXO3 has on cerebral I/R injury by accelerating inflammatory response, possibly through ubiquitylating and degrading HIPK2. Despite the specific interaction between FBXO3 and HIPK2 requiring further study, we believe that our data suggest the therapeutic relevance of FBXO3 to ischemic stroke and provide a new perspective on the mechanism of I/R injury.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Proteínas F-Box , AVC Isquêmico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Ratos , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte , Proteínas F-Box/genética , Proteínas F-Box/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/complicações , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/metabolismo , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/uso terapêutico , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
17.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 16(10): 1588-1595, 2022 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332211

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic is raging worldwide; the number of new cases and deaths is increasing daily. This study aims to examine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) toward COVID-19 among residents of Quang Binh, Vietnam. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted between the 1st and 10th of March 2022 in Quang Binh with 413 participants through convenience sampling. A self-designed questionnaire was used for data collection, using SPSS (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY) version 26.0 for management and analysis. RESULTS: Among the 413 participants, 80.5% of participants had good knowledge about COVID-19. Kinh people and those with a high level of education have higher odds of having good knowledge. 78.2% of participants had a positive attitude and 78.2% had good practice toward COVID-19. Knowledge-Practice scores and Attitude-Practice scores have a positive correlation. TV (65.4%) and the internet (66.6%) are the most popular channels for information about COVID-19. Common barriers for participants taking COVID-19 prevention measures were "due to the demands of life" (61%) or "due to the specificity of the work" (47.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Residents of Quang Binh have a moderate KAP towards COVID-19. Health education programs are needed to improve knowledge about COVID-19 among Quang Binh residents, with a focus on ethnic minorities and people with low levels of education.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Vietnã/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36446742

RESUMO

Sulfide electrolytes with high ionic conductivities are one of the most highly sought for all-solid-state lithium batteries (ASSLBs). However, the non-negligible electronic conductivities of sulfide electrolytes (~10-8 S cm-1) lead to electron smooth transport through the sulfide electrolyte pellets, resulting in Li dendrite directly depositing at the grain boundaries (GBs) and serious discharge self-discharge. Here, a grain-boundary electronic insulation (GBEI) strategy is proposed to block electron transport across the GBs, enabling Li-Li symmetric cells with 30 times longer cycling life and Li-LiCoO2 full cells with three times lower self-discharging rate than pristine sulfide electrolytes. The Li-LiCoO2 ASSLBs deliver high capacity retention of 80% at 650 cycles and stable cycling performance for over 2600 cycles at 0.5 mA cm-2. The innovation of the GBEI strategy provides a new direction to pursue high-performance ASSLBs depending on electronic conductivity toleration.

19.
Front Oncol ; 12: 944511, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439517

RESUMO

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a type of highly heterogeneous non-Hodgkin lymphoma with a poor prognosis and lack of effective targeted therapies. Adoptive T-cell therapy has been successfully used in the treatment of B-cell malignancies. We first used adoptive transfer of haploidentical T cells activated by patient-specific neoantigens in vitro to treat an elderly patient with refractory angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) in 2017, and the patient achieved long-term complete remission (CR). Here we report on early results from this first-in-human phase 1 clinical trial that aims to assess the safety and tolerability of neoantigen-activated haploidentical T cell therapy (NAHTC) for relapsed/refractory PTCL. Clinical trial registration: http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx, identifier [ChiCTR1800017440].

20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 113(Pt B): 109395, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375322

RESUMO

Obesity is a major predictive factor for the diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the precise mechanism and therapeutic approach still require to be investigated. Cynapanosides A (CPS-A) is a glycoside derived from the Chinese drug Cynanchum paniculatum that has numerous pharmacological activities, but its regulatory function on obesity-induced kidney disease is still obscure. In the present study, we attempted to explore the renoprotective effects of CPS-A on the established DN in high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice, and the underlying mechanisms. We initially found that CPS-A significantly ameliorated the obesity and metabolic syndrome in mice with HFD feeding. Mice with HFD-induced DN exerted renal dysfunctions, indicated by the elevated functional parameters, including up-regulated blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urine albumin and creatinine, which were significantly attenuated by CPS-A in obese mice. Moreover, histological changes including glomerular enlargement, sclerosis index and collagen deposition in kidney of obese mice were detected, while being strongly ameliorated by CPS-A. Additionally, podocyte loss induced by HFD was also markedly mitigated in mice with CPS-A supplementation. HFD feeding also led to lipid deposition and inflammatory response in renal tissues of obese mice, whereas being considerably attenuated after CPS-A consumption. Intriguingly, we found that tripartite motif-containing protein 31 (TRIM31) signaling might be a crucial mechanism for CPS-A to perform its renoprotective functions in mice with DN. The anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic and anti-dyslipidemia capacities of CPS-A were confirmed in the mouse podocytes under varying metabolic stresses, which were however almost abolished upon TRIM31 ablation. These data elucidated that TRIM31 expression was largely required for CPS-A to perform its renoprotective effects. Collectively, our study is the first to reveal that CPS-A may be a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of obesity-induced DN or associated kidney disease.

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