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1.
Bioact Mater ; 21: 194-208, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101856

RESUMO

Tendinopathy is a common musculoskeletal disorder which results in chronic pain and reduced performance. The therapeutic effect of stem cell derived-small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) for tendinopathy has been validated in recent years. However, whether large extracellular vesicles (lEVs), another subset of extracellular vesicles, possesses the ability for the improvement of tendinopathy remains unknown. Here, we showed that lEVs secreted from iPSC-derived MSCs (iMSC-lEVs) significantly mitigated pain derived from tendinopathy in rats. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that iMSC-lEVs regulated the heterogeneity of infiltrated macrophages and several inflammatory cytokines in rat tendon tissue. Meanwhile, in vitro experiments revealed that the M1 pro-inflammatory macrophages were repolarized towards M2 anti-inflammatory macrophages by iMSC-lEVs, and this effect was mediated by regulating p38 MAPK pathway. Moreover, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis identified 2208 proteins encapsulated in iMSC-lEVs, including 134 new-found proteins beyond current Vesiclepedia database. By bioinformatics and Western blot analyses, we showed that DUSP2 and DUSP3, the negative regulator of p38 phosphorylation, were enriched in iMSC-lEVs and could be transported to macrophages. Further, the immunomodulatory effect of iMSC-lEVs on macrophages was validated in explant tendon tissue from tendinopathy patients. Taken together, our results demonstrate that iMSC-lEVs could reduce inflammation in tendinopathy by regulating macrophage heterogeneity, which is mediated via the p38 MAPK pathway by delivery of DUSP2 and DUSP3, and might be a promising candidate for tendinopathy therapy.

2.
Adv Mater ; : e2207447, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353895

RESUMO

Synthesis of large-area patterned MoS2 is considered the principle base for realizing high-performance MoS2 -based flexible electronic devices. Patterning and transferring MoS2 films to target flexible substrates, however, require conventional multi-step photolithography patterning and transferring process, despite tremendous progress in the facilitation of practical applications. Herein, we report an approach to directly synthesize large-scale MoS2 patterns that combines inkjet printing and thermal annealing. We prepare an optimal precursor ink that can deposit arbitrary patterns on polyimide films. By introducing a gas atmosphere of Ar/H2 , thermal treatment at 350°C enables an in-situ decomposition and crystallization in the patterned precursors and, consequently, results in the formation of MoS2 . Without complicated processes, patterned MoS2 is obtained directly on polymer substrate, exhibiting superior mechanical flexibility and durability (∼2% variation in resistance over 10,000 bending cycles) as well as excellent chemical stability, which we attribute to the generated continuous and thin microstructures as well as their strong adhesion with the substrate. As a step further, we employ this approach to manufacture various flexible sensing devices that are insensitive to body motions and moisture, including temperature sensors and biopotential sensing systems for real-time, continuously monitoring skin temperature, electrocardiography, and electromyography signals. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 8071-8079, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389020

RESUMO

Purpose: To explore the risk factors for thrombi occurring in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) and establish a risk prediction model to better predict the risk of thrombosis in patients with AAV. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 117 AAV patients who had been hospitalized in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between October 2010 and December 2021. For all patients, we recorded demographic characteristics and clinical data, analyzed the risk factors for thrombosis in AAV patients and then developed a risk prediction model. Results: Stepwise logistic regression analysis indicated that a high complement C3 level, a high BVAS score and a high Padua score were independent risk factors for thrombosis in AAV patients. According to multivariate analysis, a predictive model for thrombus risk was successfully established; the area under the ROC curve(AUC) was 0.803 (95% CI: 0.716-0.890) and the maximum Youden index, sensitivity and specificity were 0.487, 59.0% and 89.7%, respectively. Conclusion: A high complement C3 level, high BVAS score, and a high Padua score were shown to be independent risk factors for thrombosis in AAV patients. We developed a risk prediction model based on these three risk factors that could predict the risk of thrombosis in AAV patients to some extent.

4.
J Clean Prod ; 380: 135068, 2022 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377229

RESUMO

Existing literature reports that COVID-19 outbreak may affect people's risk perceptions, with disturbances ranging from mild negative emotional reactions to overall mental health. At the same time, the pneumonia pandemic reveals all the vulnerabilities and weaknesses of our ecosystem and makes people reflect on traditional ecologically harmful production practices. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to review the existing scientific literature on these variables, through a survey and empirical analysis, in order to present and comment on the effects and mechanisms of influence between them. The results showed that: (1) Increasing farmers'cognition of COVID-19 outbreak could significantly enhance the green production willingness. Specifically, the probability of "Very willing"to participate in green production increased by 29.9% for each unit of increase in cognition. (2) Farmers'cognition of COVID-19 outbreak can significantly enhance the level of risk perception and thus enhance their green production willingness, that is, risk perception is an important transmission medium of this effect. (3)The analysis of inter-generational difference showed that the impact of cognition of COVID-19 outbreak on green production willingness was significant for both the new generation and the old generation. On the basis of this, some policy suggestions are put forward, such as strengthening the propaganda and education of natural ecological environment protection, establishing the propaganda mechanism of green agricultural products market in the later period of epidemic situation, raising farmers'risk perception level through multi-channels and so on.

5.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1002927, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388352

RESUMO

Background: Research is lacking on the long-term influence of workplace factors on the mental health of health care workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We distributed two online surveys to health care workers between May and October 2020 (T1) and between February and April 2021 (T2). Perceived stress, coronavirus-related risks, and workplace factors were measured via self-report questionnaires at both time points. We conducted hierarchical linear regression to investigate the predictive factors for high stress. Results: A total of 2,110 participants from seven countries and 4,240 participants from nine countries were enrolled at T1 and T2, respectively. Among them, 612 participated in both surveys. We called this cohort T1 + T2. High stress was reported in 53.8 and 61.6% of participants at T1 and T2, respectively. In cohort T1 + T2, compared with the baseline, the level of stress rose significantly (6.0 ± 2.9 vs. 6.4 ± 3.1), as did health/safety in the workplace (3.9 ± 0.8 vs. 4.2 ± 0.7). Unfortunately, we did not detect any significant difference concerning support in the workplace. Among all factors at baseline, being older than 35 [ß (95% CI) = -0.92 (-1.45, -0.40)], support [-0.80 (-1.29, -0.32)], and health/safety in the workplace [-0.33 (-0.65, -0.01)] were independent protective factors, while a positive history of mental disorders [0.81 (0.26, 1.37)] and rejection in private life [0.86 (0.48, 1.25)] were risk factors for high stress at T2. Conclusion: To relieve the high stress of health care workers, organizational-level approaches should be implemented, especially measures designed to enhance support, health/safety in the workplace, and to reduce the rejection of the public.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Seguimentos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pessoal de Saúde
7.
Mar Drugs ; 20(11)2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355009

RESUMO

It has been reported that the giant triton snail (Charonia tritonis) inserts its large proboscis and then injects venom or acid saliva from its salivary gland into its prey, the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci (COTS), paralyzing it. A full-length cDNA sequence of the C. tritonis Ct-kunitzin gene was obtained by RACE PCR based on a transcriptomic database constructed by our laboratory (data not published), which contains an open reading frame (ORF) sequence with a length of 384 bp including a 1-32aa Kunitz domain. The Ct-kunitzin peptide was synthesized by solid-phase polypeptide methods according to its conserved amino acid sequence, with a molecular weight of 3746.0 as well as two disulfide bonds. Renatured Ct-kunitzin was injected into mice ventricles to evaluate its potential function. Compared with the normal control group (physiological saline), the spontaneous locomotor activity of the Ct-kunitzin group decreased significantly. There was a significant effect on Ct-kunitzin on mice grip strength in the grip strength test. In addition, Ct-kunitzin exhibited remarkable biological activity in suppressing pain in the pain thresholds test. There were no significant differences between the Ct-kunitzin group and the normal control group in terms of various hematological indexes and histopathological observations. When tested in COTS, the most significant histological change was the destruction, disorganization, and significant reduction in the amount of COTS tube feet tissues. Altogether, the potential paralyzing effect on mice suggests that Ct-kunitzin is a possible agent for novel drug development.


Assuntos
Caramujos , Estrelas-do-Mar , Camundongos , Animais , Estrelas-do-Mar/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Transcriptoma , Peptídeos/genética
8.
Innovation (Camb) ; 3(6): 100335, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339949
9.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1025155, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36440435

RESUMO

Orally administered colon-targeted delivery vehicles are of major importance in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, it remains a challenge to maintain the integrity of such delivery vehicles during treatment, particularly in the gastric environment, which may cause untimely drug release before reaching the targeted colon. Herein, an oral colon-targeted drug delivery system (OCDDS) based on acetylated konjac glucomannan (AceKGM) has been developed in this work, which accomplishes colonic localization release and targets local inflammatory macrophages. The AceKGM nanoparticle-loading curcumin (Cur) was successfully fabricated by emulsion solvent evaporation techniques. DLS, AFM, and SEM were used in order to evaluate the nanoparticles' diameter as well as their in vitro drug release profile, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging results showed that the OCDDS considerably retained the activity of Cur treated with simulated gastric fluid (SGF) and controllably released in simulated intestinal fluid (SIF). In addition, the adhesion experiment results indicated that the nanoparticle could accumulate on the colonic macrophages. Evaluations in colitis mice showed that the treatment significantly alleviated the symptoms of colitis by decreasing the local level of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and the disease activity index (DAI) score in mice. In summary, the results of our research demonstrate that Cur-AceKGM nanoparticles exhibit significantly improved therapeutic efficacy compared to orally administered free Cur and can be developed as an effective drug delivery vehicle for IBD treatment.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(20)2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36293072

RESUMO

Cotton is an important economic crop. Fusarium and Verticillium are the primary pathogenic fungi that threaten both the quality and sustainable production of cotton. As an opportunistic pathogen, Fusarium causes various human diseases, including fungal keratitis, which is the most common. Therefore, there is an urgent need to study and clarify the resistance mechanisms of cotton and humans toward Fusarium in order to mitigate, or eliminate, its harm. Herein, we first discuss the resistance and susceptibility mechanisms of cotton to Fusarium and Verticillium wilt and classify associated genes based on their functions. We then outline the characteristics and pathogenicity of Fusarium and describe the multiple roles of human neutrophils in limiting hyphal growth. Finally, we comprehensively compare the similarities and differences between animal and plant resistance to Fusarium and put forward new insights into novel strategies for cotton disease resistance breeding and treatment of Fusarium infection in humans.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Verticillium , Humanos , Fusarium/fisiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Melhoramento Vegetal , Resistência à Doença/genética , Gossypium , Mecanismos de Defesa
11.
Small ; : e2204683, 2022 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36310129

RESUMO

Commercialization of aqueous batteries is mainly hampered by their low energy density, owing to the low mass loading of active cathode materials. In this work, a MnO2 cathode structure (MnO2 /CTF) is designed to modify the MnO2 /collector interface for enhanced ion transportation properties. Such a cathode can achieve ultrahigh mass loading of MnO2 , large areal capacity, and high energy density, with excellent cycling stability and rate performance. Specifically, a 0.15 mm thick MnO2 /CTF cathode can realize a mass loading of 20 mg cm-2 with almost 100% electrochemical conversion of MnO2 , providing the maximum areal capacity of 12.08 mA h cm-2 and energy density of 191 W h kg-1 for Zn-MnO2 /CTF batteries when considering both cathode and anode. Besides the conventional low energy demonstrations, such a Zn-MnO2 /CTF battery is capable of realistic applications, such as mobile phones in our daily life, which is a promising alternative for wearable electronics.

12.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 222(Pt A): 1092-1100, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183755

RESUMO

The immunostimulatory activity of polysaccharides can improve human immunity, but their activity is low and prompting the activity is a great challenge. Curdlan, is a linear beta-1,3-glucan and has the potential to induce immune responses. However, owing to its tight triple helix structure and insolubility in water, its immunostimulatory activity is weakened. The keyway to promote its immunostimulatory activity is to relax its tight triple helix structure. In this work, methoxypolyethylene glycol (mPEG) was grafted onto curdlan (curdlan-g-mPEG) to unwind its triple helix structure. With its grafting mPEG, the water solubility of curdlan was enhanced. Moreover, with curdlan-g-mPEG treatment, macrophages secreted more tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-6 and exhibited favorable phagocytosis of bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). These results reveal that curdlan-g-mPEG as an immunostimulant has potential applications in immunology and antibiotics.


Assuntos
beta-Glucanas , Humanos , beta-Glucanas/farmacologia , beta-Glucanas/química , Polietilenoglicóis , Interleucina-6 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Água
13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265533

RESUMO

The introduction of antibacterial and hemostatic hydrogels with good mechanical properties that display desirable impacts on wound healing process is still an unmet essential for clinical wound dressings. Herein, a multifunctional hydrogel PEG-CMC-THB-PRTM was fabricated via a one-pot method combining carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC), 2,3,4-trihydroxybenzaldehyde (THB), protamine (PRTM) and 4-arm polyethylene glycol aldehyde (PEG). The hydrogel was formed by the dynamic Schiff base reaction between amino groups of carboxymethyl chitosan and aldehyde groups of 4-arm polyethylene glycol aldehyde and exhibited excellent mechanical properties. The developed hydrogel also showed outstanding effects on anti-bacteria and hemostasis through the release of PRTM. Moreover, the hydrogel could promote extracellular matrix formation and wound closure in vivo, thereby accelerating the healing of skin wound. These results suggested that the multifunctional PEG-CMC-THB-PRTM hydrogel is a promising candidate for the clinical treatment of full-thickness wounds.

14.
Carbohydr Polym ; 296: 119942, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088027

RESUMO

Cellulose as the most abundant renewable polymer displays great potential to substitute the petroleum-derived synthetic polymers. However, cellulose is difficult to be melted or dissolved, which greatly restricts its development and utilization. Herein, the "green" alkali/urea aqueous system for cellulose dissolution is briefly summarized by illustrating the dissolving mechanism. The comparison of cellulose fibers from different solvent is presented. In addition, the recent achievements for the efficient and "green" preparation of regenerated cellulose fibers from alkali/urea system are also summarized. By investigating the effects of experimental conditions and technical parameters on the structure and performance of regenerated cellulose fibers, the improved fiber mechanical properties and the decreased production costs are achieved. Moreover, the preparation and application of cellulose-based functional fibers from alkali/urea system are also reviewed, together with the urgent challenges and future development perspectives, which provide the novel approach for the high value-added development and utilization of cellulose fibers.


Assuntos
Álcalis , Ureia , Celulose/química , Polímeros , Resistência à Tração , Ureia/química , Difração de Raios X
15.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2022 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36138130

RESUMO

As a prime mover in Alzheimer's disease (AD), microglial activation requires membrane translocation, integration, and activation of the metamorphic protein chloride intracellular channel 1 (CLIC1), which is primarily cytoplasmic under physiological conditions. However, the formation and activation mechanisms of functional CLIC1 are unknown. Here, we found that the human antimicrobial peptide (AMP) LL-37 promoted CLIC1 membrane translocation and integration. It also activates CLIC1 to cause microglial hyperactivation, neuroinflammation, and excitotoxicity. In mouse and monkey models, LL-37 caused significant pathological phenotypes linked to AD, including elevated amyloid-ß, increased neurofibrillary tangles, enhanced neuronal death and brain atrophy, enlargement of lateral ventricles, and impairment of synaptic plasticity and cognition, while Clic1 knockout and blockade of LL-37-CLIC1 interactions inhibited these phenotypes. Given AD's association with infection and that overloading AMP may exacerbate AD, this study suggests that LL-37, which is up-regulated upon infection, may be a driving force behind AD by acting as an endogenous agonist of CLIC1.

16.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(8): 5501-5510, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of combined detection of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in predicting acute kidney injury (AKI) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed data of 107 patients with AMI admitted to our hospital from May 2020 to May 2021. The patients were assigned into an AKI group (AKIG) (n = 27) and a non-AKI group (NAKIG) (n = 80) according to whether AKI occurred within 1 week after admission. A total of 50 healthy people who underwent physical examination at the same duration were taken as control group (CG). Clinical data, expression of hs-CPR and NT-pro BNP were detected and compared between AKIG and NAKIG. Logistic regression model was applied to analyze risk factors of AKI after AMI, and Pearson linear correlation was used to analyze the correlation of hs-CRP and NT-pro BNP in patients with both AMI and AKI. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the curve (AUC) were drawn and determined, and predictive value of hs-CRP and NT-pro BNP alone as well as in combination with AKI after AMI was analyzed respectively. RESULTS: Compared with CG, hs-CRP and NT-pro BNP of AKIG and NAKIG were markedly increased (P<0.0001). In AKIG, the levels of uric acid, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine (SCr), hs-CRP, NT-pro BNP were higher compared to those in NAKIG, while the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was evidently lower than that of NAKIG (P<0.01). Logistic regression model suggested that the use of diuretics, SCr, eGFR, hs-CRP and NT-pro BNP were the risk factors of AKI in patients with AMI (P<0.05). The level of hs-CRP was positively related with NT-pro BNP (P<0.05). ROC curve analysis indicated AUCs of hs-CRP and NT-pro BNP alone as well as in combination were all over 0.8 in predicting the occurrence of AKI after AMI. CONCLUSION: The increase of hs-CRP and NT-pro BNP linked closely to the occurrence of AKI after AMI, and the combined detection of the two was of high value in predicting the occurrence of AKI among patients with AMI.

17.
Asian J Pharm Sci ; 17(4): 596-609, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105312

RESUMO

The use of nanocrystal technology to manufacture drug delivery systems intended to enhance therapeutic efficacy has attracted the attention of the pharmaceutical industry. However, the clinical application of nanocrystal drugs for injection is restricted by Ostwald ripening and the large-scale use of stabilizers such as polysorbate and lecithin, which have potential toxicity risks including hemolysis and allergies. Here, we designed an amorphous nanocrystal drug complex (IHNC), which is stabilizer-free and composed of indocyanine green (ICG) framework loading with a chemotherapeutic agent of 10-hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT). Considering the possibility of industrial manufacturing, IHNC was simply prepared with the assistance of ferric ion (III) via supramolecular assembly strategy. The theoretical result of Materials Studio simulation indicated that the prepared ICG-Fe(III) framework showed a stable spherical structure with the appropriate cavity for encapsulating the two drugs of HCPT and ICG with equal mass ratio. The IHNC was stable at physiological pH, with excellent PTT/PDT efficacy, and in vivo probing characteristics. The nanoscale size and reductive stimuli-responsiveness can be conducive to drug accumulation into the tumor site and rapid unloading of cargo. Moreover, such combination therapy showed synergistic photo/chemotherapy effect against 4T1 breast cancer and its tumor inhibition rate even up to 79.4%. These findings demonstrated that the nanocrystal drug delivery strategy could avoid the use of stabilizers and provide a new strategy for drug delivery for combination therapy.

18.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(48): e202213024, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36173974

RESUMO

The hydrogenation of CO2 by renewable power-generated hydrogen offers a promising approach to a sustainable carbon cycle. However, the role of water during CO2 hydrogenation is still under debate. Herein, we demonstrated that either too low or too high contents of water hampered the methanol synthesis over Cu/ZnO based catalysts. For Cu single atoms on ZnO supports, the optimal content of water was 0.11 vol. % under 30 bar (CO2 : H2 =1 : 3) at 170 °C. Upon the introduction of optimal-content water, the methanol selectivity immediately became 99.1 %, meanwhile the conversion of CO2 underwent a volcano-type trend with the maximum of 4.9 %. According to mechanistic studies, water acted as a bridge between H atoms and CO2 /intermediates, facilitating the transformation of COOH* and CH2 O*. The enhanced activity induced the generation of more water to react with CO via water-gas shift reaction, resulting in the increase in methanol selectivity.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36034948

RESUMO

Rhizoma Atractylodes macrocephala polysaccharide (RAMP), the main bioactive compound extracted from Rhizoma Atractylodes macrocephala (RAM), exhibits various biological activities in in vivo and in vitro methods, such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antitumor, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective effects, and other functions. This review systematically summarizes the recent research progress on the extraction, purification, structural characteristics, and biological activities of RAMP. We hope to provide a theoretical basis for further research on the application of RAMP in the fields of biomedicine and food.

20.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(18): 12793-12810, 2022 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36037253

RESUMO

Soil organic matter (SOM) comprises a continuum of organic materials from granular organic debris to small organic molecules and contains more organic carbon than global vegetation and the atmosphere combined. It has remarkable effects on soil ecological functions and the global carbon cycle as well as the fate of pollutants in the terrestrial ecosystem. Therefore, characterization of SOM is an important topic in soil science, ecology, and environmental science. Chemical complexity and spatial heterogeneity are by far the two biggest challenges to our understanding of SOM. Recent developments in analytical techniques and methods provide the opportunity to reveal SOM composition at the molecular level and to observe its distribution in soils at micro- and nanoscales, which have greatly improved our understanding of SOM. This paper reviews the outstanding advances in SOM characterization regarding these two issues from target and nontarget analyses comprising molecular marker analysis, ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometry analysis, and in situ microscopic imaging techniques such as synchrotron-based spectromicroscopy, nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry, and emerging electron and optical microscopic imaging techniques. However, current techniques and methods remain far from unlocking the unknown properties of SOM. We systematically point out the limitations of the current technologies and outline the future prospects for comprehensive characterization of SOM at the molecular level and micro- and nanoscales, paying particular attention to issues of environmental concern.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Solo , Carbono , Ciclo do Carbono , Ecossistema , Solo/química
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