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1.
Polymers (Basel) ; 15(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36679268

RESUMO

Sorptive removal of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) bears the advantages of simple operation and easy construction. Customized polymeric materials are the attracting adsorbents due to their selectivity, chemical and mechanical stabilities. The mostly investigated polymeric materials for removing Cr(VI) were reviewed in this work. Assembling of robust functional groups, reduction of self-aggregation, and enhancement of stability and mechanical strength, were the general strategies to improve the performance of polymeric adsorbents. The maximum adsorption capacities of these polymers toward Cr(VI) fitted by Langmuir isotherm model ranged from 3.2 to 1185 mg/g. Mechanisms of complexation, chelation, reduction, electrostatic attraction, anion exchange, and hydrogen bonding were involved in the Cr(VI) removal. Influence factors on Cr(VI) removal were itemized. Polymeric adsorbents performed much better in the strong acidic pH range (e.g., pH 2.0) and at higher initial Cr(VI) concentrations. The adsorption of Cr(VI) was an endothermic reaction, and higher reaction temperature favored more robust adsorption. Anions inhibited the removal of Cr(VI) through competitive adsorption, while that was barely affected by cations. Factors that affected the regeneration of these adsorbents were summarized. To realize the goal of industrial application and environmental protection, removal of the Cr(VI) accompanied by its detoxication through reduction is highly encouraged. Moreover, development of adsorbents with strong regeneration ability and low cost, which are robust for removing Cr(VI) at trace levels and a wider pH range, should also be an eternally immutable subject in the future. Work done will be helpful for developing more robust polymeric adsorbents and for promoting the treatment of Cr(VI)-containing wastewater.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; : 128636, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657587

RESUMO

This research investigated biogas residue and biochar addition on antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), mobile genetic elements (MGEs), and changes in bacterial community during agricultural waste composting. Sequencing technique investigated bacterial community structure and ARGs, MGEs changes. Correlations among physicochemical factors, ARGs, MGEs, and bacterial community structure were determined using redundancy analysis. Results confirmed that biochar and biogas residue amendments effectively lowered the contents of ARGs and MGEs. The main ARGs detected was sul1. Proteobacteria and Firmicutes were the main host bacteria strongly associated with the dissemination of ARGs. The dynamic characteristics of the bacterial community were strongly correlated with pile temperature and pH (P < 0.05). Redundancy and network analysis revealed that nitrate, intI1, and Firmicutes mainly affected the in ARGs changes. Therefore, regulating these key variables would effectively suppress the ARGs spread and risk of compost use.

4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 120(4): e2212813120, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649417

RESUMO

The immune system must be able to respond to a myriad of different threats, each requiring a distinct type of response. Here, we demonstrate that the cytoplasmic lysine deacetylase HDAC7 in macrophages is a metabolic switch that triages danger signals to enable the most appropriate immune response. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and soluble signals indicating distal or far-away danger trigger HDAC7-dependent glycolysis and proinflammatory IL-1ß production. In contrast, HDAC7 initiates the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) for NADPH and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in response to the more proximal threat of nearby bacteria, as exemplified by studies on uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC). HDAC7-mediated PPP engagement via 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGD) generates NADPH for antimicrobial ROS production, as well as D-ribulose-5-phosphate (RL5P) that both synergizes with ROS for UPEC killing and suppresses selective inflammatory responses. This dual functionality of the HDAC7-6PGD-RL5P axis prioritizes responses to proximal threats. Our findings thus reveal that the PPP metabolite RL5P has both antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities and that engagement of enzymes in catabolic versus anabolic metabolic pathways triages responses to different types of danger for generation of inflammatory versus antimicrobial responses, respectively.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Triagem , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , NADP/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Via de Pentose Fosfato/fisiologia
5.
Nano Lett ; 23(2): 533-540, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595350

RESUMO

In this study, simple-structured wavelength sensors were developed by depositing two back-to-back Au/MAPbI3/Au photodetectors on an MAPbI3 single crystal. This sensor could quantitatively distinguish wavelengths. Further device analysis showed that both photodetectors possess entirely disparate optoelectronic properties. Consequently, the as-developed wavelength sensor could accurately distinguish incident-light wavelengths ranging from 265 to 860 nm with a resolution of less than 1.5 nm based on the relation between the photocurrent ratios of both photodetectors and the incident light wavelengths. Notably, a high resolution and wide detection range are among the optimum reported values for such sensors and enable full-color imaging. Furthermore, technology computer-aided design (TCAD) simulations showed that a mechanism involved in distinguishing wavelengths is attributed to the wavelength-dependent photon generation rate in MAPbI3 single crystals. The high-performance MAPbI3 wavelength sensor can potentially drive the research progress of perovskites in wavelength recognition and full-color imaging.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 858(Pt 3): 160079, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372182

RESUMO

Triclosan (TCS) and triclocarban (TCC) have become ubiquitous pollutants detected in human body with concentrations up to hundreds of nanomolar levels. Previous studies about the hepatic lipid accumulation induced by TCS and TCC were focused on pollutant itself, which showed weak or no effects. High-fat diet (HFD), as a known environmental factor contributing to lipid metabolism-related disorders, its synergistic action with environmental pollutants deserves concern. The present study aimed to demonstrate the combined effects and potential molecular mechanisms of TCS and TCC with HFD at cellular and animal levels. The in vitro studies showed that TCC and TCS alone had negligible impact on lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells but induced lipid deposition at nanomolar levels when co-exposure with fatty acid. TCC exhibited much higher induction effects than TCS, which was related to their differential regulatory roles in adipogenic-related genes expression. The in vivo studies showed that TCC had little influence on hepatic lipid accumulation in mice fed with normal diet (ND) but could exacerbate the lipid accumulation in mice fed with HFD. Meanwhile, TCC-induced dyslipidemia in mice fed with HFD was more significant than that fed with ND. Therefore, we speculated that TCC might increase the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and atherosclerosis in HFD humans. Molecular mechanism studies showed that TCC and TCS could bind to and activate estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) and ERRγ as well as regulate their expression. TCC had higher activity on ERRα and ERRγ than TCS, which explained partly the differential regulatory roles of two receptors in the lipid accumulation induced by TCC and TCS. This work revealed synergistic effects and molecular mechanisms of TCC and TCS with excessive fatty acid on the hepatic lipid metabolism, which provided a novel insight into the toxic mechanism of pollutants from the perspective of dietary habits.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica , Triclosan , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Triclosan/toxicidade , Ácidos Graxos , Estrogênios , Lipídeos
7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1029404, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36465343

RESUMO

Objectives: The histological origin of base of the tongue (BOT) carcinomas is still elusive, and most studies have been focusing on the lingual tonsil. In this study, we sought to identify the existence of the squamous-columnar junction (SCJ) in the human Von Ebner's glandular duct and explored the potential of that in forming squamous cell carcinomas in BOT. Materials and methods: The specific genomes of BOT carcinoma were acquired and screened out by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database analysis. The 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4-NQO)-treated mouse model was used to explore the transformation of SCJ during cancerization. We used immunohistochemistry to confirm the characteristics of SCJ in human Von Ebner's gland, which were further compared with those in the anus and cervix. Results: The SCJ in the human Von Ebner's glandular duct was found to be similar to that of the cervix and anus. The transformation zone in the 4-NQO-treated mouse model had a multilayered epithelium structure similar to that of HPV16-transgenic mice. In human, the transformation zone of Von Ebner's gland is also similar to that of the cervix and anus. Conclusion: It is the first time that the existence of SCJ in the opening of the human Von Ebner's glandular duct was confirmed. The SCJ of Von Ebner's glands may be a significant origin of squamous cell carcinomas in BOT.

8.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1040388, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36524169

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the factor structure as well as the reliability of the Physical Education Teacher Job Satisfaction Scale (PETJSS). Method: The scale's structural validity, internal consistency and reliability were examined using CFA and Cronbach alpha. The predictive validity of the PETJSS was examined using Teacher Self-Efficacy (TSES-11) and the personal characteristics of the subjects. Result: The three-factor structure of the PETJSS was confirmed. The PETJSS three-dimensional model had good internal consistency/reliability. The three dimensions of the PETJSS (colleague satisfaction, parent satisfaction and student behaviour satisfaction) explained 81.206% of the overall job satisfaction. Also, the PETJSS demonstrated the expected correlation with teachers' self-efficacy, whilst the PETJSS test results were related to physical education teachers' job titles. Conclusion: The PETJSS (Chinese version) can be considered as a valid and reliable method.

9.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(24)2022 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36559722

RESUMO

Various metal ions in acid mine drainage (AMD) cause environmental pollution. Due to the unique advantages of heavy metal treatment and gelling properties, previous concretes incorporating red mud have attracted extensive attention in AMD passive treatment, which utilises naturally occurring chemicals to cleanse contaminated mine waters with low operating costs. This study aims to develop red mud-based geopolymer pervious concrete as an eco-friendly method to remove heavy metals in AMD. Compared with raw pervious concrete, red mud-based geopolymer pervious concrete improves the purification efficiency of heavy metals. The high rate of acid reduction and metal removal by the geopolymer is attributed to the dissolution of portlandite in red mud. Precipitation of metal hydroxides seems to be the dominant metal removal mechanism. Under optimal conditions (influent pH = 4.0 and the hydraulic retention time = 24 h), red mud-based geopolymer pervious concrete could completely remove Cu(II), Mn(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) by up to 10 mg/L, 10 mg/L, 1.6 mg/L and 16 mg/L, respectively. When the influent pH is 2.5, the hydrolysis of Fe(III) released from red mud increases the consumption of OH-. Moreover, when the influent pH is 4.0, the precipitation of CaSO4 promotes the dissolution of portlandite and metal removal. Therefore, red mud has demonstrated feasibility in the manufacturing of geopolymer-based pervious concrete for purification AMD.

10.
Viruses ; 14(12)2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36560709

RESUMO

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) is the most important pathogen threatening the aquaculture of salmonid fish in China. In addition to the common genogroup J IHNV, genogroup U has been newly discovered in China. However, there is no effective DNA vaccine to fight against this emerging genogroup U IHNV in China. In this study, DNA vaccines encoding the IHNV viral glycoprotein (G) gene of the GS2014 (genogroup J) and BjLL (genogroup U) strains isolated from northern China were successfully developed, which were identified by restriction analysis and IFA. The expression of the Mx-1 gene and G gene in the spleens and muscles of the injection site as well as the titers of the serum antibodies were measured to evaluate the vaccine efficacy by RT-qPCR and ELISA. We found that DNA vaccine immunization could activate Mx1 gene expression and upregulate G gene expression, and the mRNA levels of the Mx1 gene in the muscles were significantly higher than those in the spleens. Notably, DNA vaccine immunization might not promote the serum antibody in fish at the early stage of immunization. Furthermore, the efficacy of the constructed vaccines was tested in intra- and cross-genogroup challenges by a viral challenge in vivo. It seemed that the DNA vaccines were able to provide great immune protection against IHNV infection. In addition, the genogroup J IHNV-G DNA vaccine showed better immune efficacy than the genogroup U IHNV-G or divalent vaccine, which could provide cross-immune protection against the genogroup U IHNV challenge. Therefore, this is the first study to construct an IHNV DNA vaccine using the G gene from an emerging genogroup U IHNV strain in China. The results provide great insight into the advances of new prophylactic strategies to fight both the genogroup J and U IHNV in China.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Vírus da Necrose Hematopoética Infecciosa , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae , Vacinas de DNA , Vacinas Virais , Animais , Vacinas de DNA/genética , Vírus da Necrose Hematopoética Infecciosa/genética , Genótipo , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/veterinária , Vacinas Virais/genética
11.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 545, 2022 12 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36513994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated accuracy and consistency of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) quantification in non-ECG-gated chest computed tomography (CT) scans. METHODS: EAT volume was semi-automatically quantified using a standard Hounsfield unit threshold (- 190, - 30) in three independent cohorts: (1) Cohort 1 (N = 49): paired 120 kVp ECG-gated cardiac non-contrast CT (NCCT) and 120 kVp non-ECG-gated chest NCCT; (2) Cohort 2 (N = 34): paired 120 kVp cardiac NCCT and 100 kVp non-ECG-gated chest NCCT; (3) Cohort 3 (N = 32): paired non-ECG-gated chest NCCT and chest contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) datasets (including arterial phase and venous phase). Images were reconstructed with the slice thicknesses of 1.25 mm and 5 mm in the chest CT datasets, and 3 mm in the cardiac NCCT datasets. RESULTS: In Cohort 1, the chest NCCT-1.25 mm EAT volume was similar to the cardiac NCCT EAT volume, while chest NCCT-5 mm underestimated the EAT volume by 7.5%. In Cohort 2, 100 kVp chest NCCT-1.25 mm were 13.2% larger than 120 kVp cardiac NCCT EAT volumes. In Cohort 3, the chest arterial CECT and venous CECT dataset underestimated EAT volumes by ~ 28% and ~ 18%, relative to chest NCCT datasets. All chest CT-derived EAT volumes were similarly associated with significant coronary atherosclerosis with cardiac CT counterparts. CONCLUSION: The 120 kVp non-ECG-gated chest NCCT-1.25 mm images produced EAT volumes comparable to cardiac NCCT. Chest CT EAT volumes derived from consistent imaging settings are excellent alternatives to the cardiac NCCT to investigate their association with coronary artery disease.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Pericárdio , Humanos , Pericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Cintilografia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos
12.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 30(6): 1868-1872, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36476918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of VDZ (Vedolizumab) in the salvage treatment of glucocorticoid resistance to gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease (GR-GI GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children. METHODS: The clinical data of 5 patients with refractory GI GVHD who received allo-HSCT in Wuhan Children's Hospital from December 2020 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed with VDZ salvage therapy. RESULTS: Among the 5 children with refractory GI GVHD, there were 1 male and 4 female, including 2 cases of extremely severe aplastic anemia, 1 case of acute myeloid leukemia (M2, high-risk), 1 case of fanconi anemia and 1 case of myelodysplastic syndrome. The median age of transplant recipients was 54.4 (12-164) months. The median treatment time from transplantation to VDZ was 1.4 (0.6-6.8) months. On average, 3.5 (2-5) doses of VDZ were received. After receiving treatment, 2 patients achieved a complete response (CR), 2 patients achieved a very good partial response (VGPR), 1 patient was non-responsive (NR) after a short-term partial response (PR). Compared with that before VDZ treatment, the amount of diarrhea, stool color, blood and traits of the children after medication were effectively improved. The median follow-up time was 9.3 (7.23-12.83) months. No disseminated or severe bacterial/fungal infections occurred during VDZ treatment and follow-up, and 2 children died of leukemia recurrence and pulmonary bronchiolitis obliterans. CONCLUSION: VDZ salvage treatment of refractory GI GVHD in children has obvious short-term efficacy and good safety.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Terapia de Salvação , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 38(12): 2707-2721, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36445666

RESUMO

Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) derived left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS) for evaluating dilated cardiomyopathy patients has been addressed in studies with contradictory results. We therefore performed the first systematic review evaluating evidence on the prognostic value of CMR derived LV-GLS for ischaemic (IDCM) and non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NDCM) patients. Systematic review (PROSPERO CRD42020171582) identified studies up to January 2021 that measured LV-GLS for predicting major adverse cardiac events among dilated cardiomyopathy patients. Studies were identified from MEDLINE, Embase and PubMed by two independent reviewers. 2099 studies were screened. Three prospective and three retrospective observational studies comprising of 1758 patients (29% IDCM patients; 71% NDCM patients) with a weighted mean follow up of 3 years (SD = 1 year) were identified. All six studies included mortality in the primary composite outcome. LV-GLS was associated with increase primary composite outcome among mild to moderately impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) IDCM and NDCM patients (> 30%) in univariable and multivariable analysis. Association was lost among severely impaired LVEF patients (< 30%). From sensitivity analysis, LV-GLS showed significant association with death among NDCM patients (HR 1.27; 95% CI 1.10-1.46; p = 0.001; I2 = 59%) but insignificant for heart transplant outcome (HR 1.23; 95% CI 0.46-3.33; p = 0.68, I2 = 44%). LV-GLS threshold for effectively stratifying patients is - 12.5% to - 13.5%. LVEF in IDCM and NDCM became an insignificant prognostic marker in multivariable analysis. CMR LV-GLS shows promise as an independent predictor of mortality in IDCM and NDCM patients. However, in patients with LVEF < 30% LV-GLS may have less prognostic value.Prospero Registration: CRD42020171582.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Dilatada , Humanos , Prognóstico , Volume Sistólico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
14.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1011003, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408238

RESUMO

Background: Jiaotaiwan (JTW) is a classical tranquillizing prescription in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the treatment of insomnia symptoms caused by disharmony of the heart and kidney (ISDHK). This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of JTW for treating ISDHK in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Methods: From September 2018 to February 2020, 128 participants with ISDHK were included in this single-center clinical trial. All participants were equally and randomly divided into either the JTW group (2-g JTW granules, b.i.d. for 7 days) or placebo group (2-g placebo granules, b.i.d. for 7 days). Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores were set as the primary outcome, and polysomnography (PSG), 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), blood tests, and Disharmony of Heart and Kidney Scoring System (DHKSS) and clinical global impression (CGI) scores were used as secondary outcomes. Laboratory tests were used to evaluate the safety of JTW. All data were collected at baseline and posttreatment. Results: A total of 106 participants completed this clinical trial. Symptom relief was more apparent in the JTW group than the placebo group (PSQI total score: 9.34 ± 3.578 vs. 10.98 ± 3.073, respectively; p = 0.006). However, no PSG changes were observed between the two groups (p > 0.05). Higher CGI and lower DHKSS scores were observed after JTW treatment. Serum melatonin was increased in patients with ISDHK after JTW treatment (JTW, 339.09 ± 256.894 vs. placebo, 219.59 ± 169.045; p = 0.004). There were significant posttreatment differences in metabolites in the left cerebellum between the two groups (myoinositol: JTW, 13.47 ± 2.094 vs. placebo, 12.48 ± 2.449; p = 0.021; choline: JTW, 3.96 ± 0.657 vs. placebo, 3.65 ± 0.562; p = 0.008). In terms of safety, JTW had no noticeable adverse effects relative to placebo. Conclusion: JTW was effective and well tolerated for the treatment of ISDHK. The development of large-scale trials with longer follow-up durations is recommended to provide further evidence. Clinical Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov, identifier ChiCTR1800019239.

15.
Mol Divers ; 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369613

RESUMO

Kinase plays a significant role in various disease signaling pathways. Due to the highly conserved sequence of kinase family members, understanding the selectivity profile of kinase inhibitors remains a priority for drug discovery. Previous methods for kinase selectivity identification use biochemical assays, which are very useful but limited by the protein available. The lack of kinase selectivity can exert benefits but also can cause adverse effects. With the explosion of the dataset for kinase activities, current computational methods can achieve accuracy for large-scale selectivity predictions. Here, we present a multimodal multi-task deep neural network model for kinase selectivity prediction by calculating the fingerprint and physiochemical descriptors. With the multimodal inputs of structure and physiochemical properties information, the multi-task framework could accurately predict the kinome map for selectivity analysis. The proposed model displays better performance for kinase-target prediction based on system evaluations.

16.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(11): 942, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351895

RESUMO

Our previous studies showed that dysregulation of the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) HOXA11-AS plays an important role in the development of glioma. However, the molecular mechanism of HOXA11-AS in glioma remains largely unknown. In this study, we explore the molecular mechanisms underlying abnormal expression and biological function of HOXA11-AS for identifying novel therapeutic targets in glioma. The expression of HOXA11-AS, and the relationship between HOXA11-AS and the prognosis of glioma patients were analyzed using databases and glioma samples. Transcriptomics, proteomics, RIP, ChIRP, luciferase, and ChIP assays were used to explore its upstream and downstream targets in glioma. The role of HOXA11-AS in regulating the sensitivity of glioma cells to reactive oxygen species (ROS) was also investigated in vitro and in vivo. We found that HOXA11-AS was significantly upregulated in glioma, and was correlated with the poor prognosis of glioma patients. Ectopic expression of HOXA11-AS promoted the proliferation, migration, and invasion of glioma cells in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, HOXA11-AS acted as a molecular sponge for let-7b-5p in the cytoplasm, antagonizing its ability to repress the expression of CTHRC1, which activates the ß-catenin/c-Myc pathway. In addition, c-Myc was involved in HOXA11-AS dysregulation via binding to its promoter region to form a self-activating loop. HOXA11-AS, functioned as a scaffold in the nucleus, also recruited transcription factor c-Jun to the Tpl2 promoter, which activates the Tpl2-MEK1/2-ERK1/2 pathway to promote ROS resistance in glioma. Importantly, HOXA11-AS knockdown could sensitize glioma cells to ROS. Above, oncogenic HOXA11-AS upregulates CTHRC1 expression as a ceRNA by adsorbing let-7b-5p, which activates c-Myc to regulate itself transcription. HOXA11-AS knockdown promotes ROS sensitivity in glioma cells by regulating the Tpl2-MEK1/2-ERK1/2 axis, demonstrating that HOXA11-AS may be translated to increase ROS sensitivity therapeutically.


Assuntos
Glioma , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Glioma/genética , Glioma/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo
17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(21)2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36365915

RESUMO

Point cloud registration aims to find a rigid spatial transformation to align two given point clouds; it is widely deployed in many areas of computer vision, such as target detection, 3D localization, and so on. In order to achieve the desired results, registration error, robustness, and efficiency should be comprehensively considered. We propose a deep learning-based point cloud registration method, called DOPNet. DOPNet extracts global features of point clouds with a dynamic graph convolutional neural network (DGCNN) and cascading offset-attention modules, and the transformation is predicted by a multilayer perceptron (MLP). To enhance the information interaction between the two branches, the feature interaction module is inserted into the feature extraction pipeline to implement early data association. We compared DOPNet with the traditional method of using the iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm along with four learning-based registration methods on the Modelnet40 data set. In the experiments, the source and target point clouds were generated by sampling the original point cloud twice independently; we also conducted additional experiments with asymmetric objects. Further evaluation experiments were conducted with point cloud models from Stanford University. The results demonstrated that our DOPNet method outperforms these comparative methods in general, achieving more accurate and efficient point cloud registration.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Humanos , Algoritmos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Registros
18.
Bioresour Technol ; 366: 128224, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36328174

RESUMO

Carbon (C), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and sulfur (S) cycling functional genes and bacterial and fungal communities during composting with biochar and biogas residue amendments were studied. Correlations between microbial community structure, functional genes and physicochemical properties were investigated by network analysis and redundancy analysis. It was shown that the gene of acsA abundance accounted for about 50% of the C-related genes. Biogas residue significantly decreased the abundance of denitrification gene nirK. Biogas residues can better promote the diversity of bacteria and fungi during composting. Biochar significantly increased the abundance of Humicola. Redundancy analysis indicated that pile temperature, pH, EC were the main physicochemical factors affecting the microbial community. WSC and NO3--N have significant correlation with C, N, P, S functional genes. The research provides a theoretical basis for clarifying the metabolic characteristics of microbial communities during composting and for the application of biochar and biogas residues in composting.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Microbiota , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Biocombustíveis , Fósforo , Carbono , Solo/química , Carvão Vegetal , Microbiota/genética , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Enxofre
19.
J Chem Inf Model ; 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36447388

RESUMO

Protein kinases are important drug targets for the treatment of several diseases. The interaction between kinases and ligands is vital in the process of small-molecule kinase inhibitor (SMKI) design. In this study, we propose a method to extract fragments and amino acid residues from crystal structures for kinase-ligand interactions. In addition, core fragments that interact with the important hinge region of kinases were extracted along with their decorations. Based on the superimposed structural data of kinases from the kinase-ligand interaction fingerprint and structure database, we obtained two libraries, namely, a hinge-unfocused fragment-amino acid pair library (FAP Lib) that contains 6672 pairs of fragments and corresponding amino-acids, and a hinge-focused hinge binder library (HB Lib) of 3560 pairs of hinge-binding scaffolds with their corresponding decorations. These two libraries constitute a kinase-focused interaction database (KID). In depth analysis was conducted on KID to explore important characteristics of fragments in the design of SMKIs. With KID, we built two kinase-focused molecule databases, one called Recomb_DB, which contains 1,72,346 molecules generated through fragment recombination based on the FAP Lib, and another called RsdHB_DB, which contains 93,030 molecules generated based on our HB Lib using molecular generation methods. Compared with five databases both commercial and non-commercial, these two databases both ranked top 3 in scaffold diversity, top 4 in molecule fingerprint diversity, and are more focused on the chemical space of kinase inhibitors. Hence, KID presents a useful addition to existing databases for the exploration of novel SMKIs.

20.
J Oncol ; 2022: 9494910, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36276272

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women worldwide, and patients easily develop resistance to the first-line drug doxorubicin. To elucidate the molecular mechanism of drug resistance in breast cancer is imperative. Exosomes mediate the crosstalk between neighboring cells and intercellular communication. Incorporation of miRNAs into exosomes prevents the degradation and facilitates the intercellular communication, which has been indicated in regulation of drug resistance. qRT-PCR revealed that miR-3613-5p is upregulated in drug-resistant breast cancer, and miR-3613-5p exists in exosomes. It is predicted that miR-3613-5p can bind to the tumor suppressor gene PTEN. In this study, our results showed that miR-3613-5p was upregulated in drug-resistant tissue and in exosomes of breast cancer cells resistant to doxorubicin. CCK8, crystal violet staining, and flow cytometry analysis demonstrated that exosome mediated miR-3613-5p transfer and enhanced the resistance to doxorubicin of breast cancer cells. Western blotting showed that miR-3613-5p could target PTEN and regulate the expression of PTEN. Exosome-mediated transfer of miR-3613-5p enhanced the resistance to doxorubicin by inhibition of PTEN in breast cancer cells.

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