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1.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131963, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to air pollution has been linked with altered immune function in adults, but little is known about its effects on early life. This study aimed to investigate the effects of exposure to air pollution during prenatal and postnatal windows on cell-mediated immune function in preschoolers. METHODS: Pre-school aged children (2.9 ± 0.5 y old, n = 391) were recruited from a mother-child cohort study in Wuhan, China. We used a spatial-temporal land use regression (LUR) model to estimate exposures of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters ≤2.5 µm (PM2.5) and ≤10 µm (PM10), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) during the specific trimesters of pregnancy and the first two postnatal years. We measured peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets and plasma cytokines as indicators of cellular immune function. We used multiple informant models to examine the associations of prenatal and postnatal exposures to air pollution with cell-mediated immune function. RESULTS: Prenatal exposures to PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 during early pregnancy were negatively associated with %CD3+ and %CD3+CD8+ cells, and during late pregnancy were positively associated with %CD3+ cells. Postnatal exposures to these air pollutants during 1-y or 2-y childhood were positively associated with IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and TNF-α. We also observed that the associations of prenatal or postnatal air pollution exposures with cellular immune responses varied by child's sex. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that exposure to air pollution during different critical windows of early life may differentially alter cellular immune responses, and these effects appear to be sex-specific.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Masculino , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/toxicidade , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Gravidez
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126683, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315024

RESUMO

Experimental studies have demonstrated that disinfection byproducts (DBPs) can cause ovarian toxicity including inhibition of antral follicle growth and disruption of steroidogenesis, but there is a paucity of human evidence. We aimed to investigate whether urinary biomarkers of exposure to drinking water DBPs were associated with ovarian reserve. The present study included 956 women attending an infertility clinic in Wuhan, China from December 2018 to January 2020. Antral follicle count (AFC), ovarian volume (OV), anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were measured as indicators of ovarian reserve. Urinary dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) were assessed as potential biomarkers of drinking water DBP exposures. Multivariate linear and Poisson regression models were applied to estimate the associations of urinary DCAA and TCAA concentrations with indicators of ovarian reserve. Elevated urinary DCAA and TCAA levels were monotonically associated with reduced total AFC (- 5.98%; 95% CI: - 10.30%, - 1.44% in DCAA and - 12.98%; 95% CI: - 17.00%, - 8.76% in TCAA comparing the extreme tertiles; both P for trends ≤ 0.01), and the former was only observed in right AFC but not in left AFC, whereas the latter was estimated for both right and left AFC. Moreover, elevated urinary TCAA levels were monotonically associated with decreased AMH (- 14.09%; 95% CI: - 24.79%, - 1.86% comparing the extreme tertiles; P for trend = 0.03). These negative associations were still observed for the exposure biomarkers modeled as continuous variables. Our findings suggest that exposure to drinking water DBPs may be associated with decreased ovarian reserve.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Reserva Ovariana , Biomarcadores , Estudos Transversais , Desinfecção , Feminino , Humanos
4.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 749919, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721478

RESUMO

MicroRNAs are 20-24 nucleotide non-coding RNAs and play important roles in plant-environment interactions. In recent years, many microRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to regulate rice immunity against rice blast fungus. However, there are limited studies about miRNAs that directly target resistance (R) genes to regulate rice immunity. In this study, by deep sequencing, small RNA libraries were constructed from four-leaf stage seedlings of the resistant variety Ziyu44 and susceptible variety Jiangnanxiangnuo (JNXN) upon Magnaporthe oryzae infection, we found that much more miRNAs were significantly differentially expressed in Ziyu44 than in JNXN. Among these miRNAs, we focused on miR9664, a newly identified rice miRNA in our sequencing, which was upregulated lightly in Ziyu44 and drastically in JNXN at 24-48 h post-inoculation (hpi). The transgenic plants overexpressing miR9664 (miR9664-oe) displayed reduced defense responses to M. oryzae, while those knocking down miR9664 (miR9664-m) displayed enhanced defense responses to M. oryzae. Most of the detected miR9664 predicted target genes were reduced in the miR9664-oe lines while increased in the miR9664-m lines. The cleavage site of LOC_Os08g07774 was confirmed by RLM-RACE. Meanwhile, after being inoculated with M. oryzae, the genes were expressed differently between Ziyu44 and JNXN. The results suggest that miR9664-mediated R gene turnover contributes to Ziyu44 broad-spectrum resistance to rice blast fungus. Taken together, our research identified a new rice miRNA that directly targets R genes to regulate rice immunity against rice blast fungus, adding significant information to the study of rice-M. oryzae interaction.

5.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1429-1435, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish the in vivo traceable acute myeloid leukemia mice model with Luciferase-Expressing KG1a Cells. METHODS: KG1a cells with stable luciferase gene expression (called as KG1a-Luc cells) were constructed by lentivirus transfection, then sifted out by puromycin. Eighteen male NOD-SCID-IL2rg-/-mice aged 8 to 12 weeks were randomly and equally divided into two groups: the control group and the KG1a-Luc group. The mice in KG1a-Luc group were injected with 200 µl PBS containing 5×106 KG1a-Luc cells through tail veins, and the mice in control group were injected with 200 µl PBS only. The bioluminescence imaging technology was used to monitor the tumor burden in vivo. The peripheral blood of the mice in both groups was analyzed by flow cytometry. After the mice were sacrificed, there were pathologic evaluations: bone marrow and spleens made into smears, and livers sliced to get paraffin sections. The survival time of the mice in the two groups was recorded and compared. RESULTS: KG1a cells expressing luciferase stably were successfully obtained. The tumor luminescence wildly spread at day 17 captured by in vivo imaging. The KG1a-Luc tumor cells could be detected in the peripheral blood of the mice, with the average percentage of (16.27±6.66)%. The morphology and pathology result showed that KG1a-Luc cells infiltrate was detected in bone marrow, spleens and livers. The survival time of the KG1a-Luc mice was notably shorter as compared with those in the control group, the median survival time was 30.5 days (95%CI: 0.008-0.260). CONCLUSION: The acute myeloid leukemia NOD-SCID-IL2rg-/-mouse model was successfully established by tail vein injection of 5×106 KG1a-Luc cells.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Subunidade gama Comum de Receptores de Interleucina , Luciferases/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID
6.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-19, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702110

RESUMO

Tea, as a beverage, has been reputed for its health benefits and gained worldwide popularity. Tea polyphenols, especially catechins, as the main bioactive compounds in tea, exhibit diverse health benefits and have wide applications in the food industry. The development of tea polyphenol-incorporated products is dependent on the extraction, purification, and identification of tea polyphenols. Recent years, many green and novel extraction, purification, and identification techniques have been developed for the preparation of tea polyphenols. This review, therefore, introduces the classification of tea and summarizes the main conventional and novel techniques for the extraction of polyphenols from various tea products. The advantages and disadvantages of these techniques are also intensively discussed and compared. In addition, the purification and identification techniques are summarized. It is hoped that this updated review can provide a research basis for the green and efficient extraction, purification, and identification of tea polyphenols, which can facilitate their utilization in the production of various functional food products and nutraceuticals.

7.
Chemosphere ; 288(Pt 1): 132464, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619260

RESUMO

Studies indicate that phthalates can disrupt spermatogenesis and lead to the reduction of semen quality. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to examine the associations of phthalate exposures as individual chemicals and mixtures with spermatogenesis-related miRNA106a. We detected eight phthalate metabolites in repeated urine samples and a single seminal plasma specimen among 111 men from an infertility clinic in Wuhan, China. Spermatogenesis-related miRNA106a was measured in seminal plasma. We used multivariable linear regression and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) models to separately evaluate the associations of phthalate metabolites as individual chemicals and mixtures with spermatogenesis-related miRNA106a. Elevated tertiles of urinary mono (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) was associated with decreased miRNA106a (-61.71%; 95%CI: 81.92, -18.93% for the highest vs. lowest tertile; P for trend = 0.01). Similarly, an inverse exposure-response relationship between seminal plasma MEHP concentrations and miRNA106a was also observed (-59.44%; 95%CI: 79.19, -20.95% for the highest vs. lowest tertile; P for trend = 0.01). The BKMR models showed that the mixtures of seminal plasma phthalate metabolites were associated with decreased miRNA106a when the chemical mixtures were ≥35th percentile compared to their medians. Nonlinear associations with miRNA106a were estimated for urinary and seminal plasma MEHP while fixing other phthalate metabolites at their medians. Our findings suggest that mixtures of phthalate metabolites in seminal plasma were negatively associated with spermatogenesis-related miRNA106a, and individual MEHP was the major contributor to the adverse effects.

8.
Am J Health Behav ; 45(5): 843-848, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702431

RESUMO

Objectives: In this study, we assessed the effects of integrated health education combined with life intervention on patients with coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (CHD) complicated with hyperlipidemia. Methods: We selected 96 patients with CHD complicated with hyperlipidemia being treated in our hospital from June 2018 to June 2020, and assigned them to a control group (N=48) or a research group (N=48). Patients in the control group received integrated health education, whereas those in the research group were given integrated health education combined with life intervention. We measured outcomes, including blood lipid levels, electrocardiogram (ECG) recovery times, lengths of hospital stay, compliance with nursing intervention, and satisfaction with nursing care. Results: After intervention, the total effective rate of nursing in the research group was 93.75% which was higher than for the control group 79.17%. In the research group, the levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were higher than those in control group, and the level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was lower than that in control group. The length of hospital stay and ECG recovery time were longer than those in research group. The research group had a higher nursing compliance rate than did the control group (91.67% vs 75.00%), and satisfaction with nursing care also was lower in the control group than in the research group (77.08 % vs 91.67%) (p < .05). Conclusion: Integrated health education combined with life intervention has a better nursing effect on patients with CHD complicated with hyperlipidemia, and can contribute to controlling blood lipid level in the normal range, improve nursing satisfaction and compliance of patients, reduce the occurrence of adverse events, shorten the length of hospital stay, and accelerate recovery of patients.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Hiperlipidemias , HDL-Colesterol , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Hiperlipidemias/complicações , Hiperlipidemias/terapia
9.
J Obstet Gynaecol ; : 1-6, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569426

RESUMO

The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy of two dosages of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) combined with HBV vaccine (HBVac) to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B in HBsAg- and HBeAg-positive mother. We enrolled 331 mother-infant pairs with HBsAg- and HBeAg-positive maternal state from the Women's Hospital School of Medicine of Zhejiang University. Newborns were randomly distributed into two groups according to the dosages of HBIG injection: 100 IU and 200 IU. Newborns from both groups were injected with HBVac in the same doses. We compared the immune outcomes between the two groups and explore the influencing factors of immune outcomes through regression analysis. There was no statistically significant relationship between HBsAg serological transmission of newborns and dosages of HBIG in HBsAg- and HBeAg-positive mother (p > .05). The Logistic regression showed that high DNA load is a risk factor for passive-active immunoprophylaxis failure for both 100 IU and 200 IU group, but higher-dosage HBIG is not necessary for higher-viral-load pregnant women with HBsAg- and HBeAg-positive. In conclusion, combined application of HBVac and a single dose of 100 IU HBIG can achieve the ideal MTCT interruption results for HBsAg- and HBeAg-positive pregnant women.IMPACT STATEMENTWhat is already known on this subject? Passive-active immunoprophylaxis is proved to be effective in preventing mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B. Hepatitis B vaccine combined with 100 IU or 200 IU immunoglobulin is mostly recommended in China.What do the results of this study add? At present, there is still a lack scientific basis for improving existing strategies and measures to prevent mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B in China.What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? 100 IU and 200 IU immunoglobulin show equivalent blocking effect, and combined use of hepatitis B vaccine and 100 IU immunoglobulin is more cost-effective.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 801: 149803, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467920

RESUMO

Acute cadmium toxicity induces multi-system organ failure. Mass spectrometry (MS)-based omics analyses and atmospheric pressure matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (AP-MALDI MSI) are powerful tools for characterizing the biomarkers. Many studies on cadmium toxicity by metabolomics have been investigated, whereas the applications of lipidomics and MSI studies are still inadequate. In this study, the systematic metabolomics study on female ICR mice tissues including liver, kidney, heart, stomach, brain as well as spleen under cadmium exposure was firstly conducted and lipidomic characterizations on female ICR mice liver, kidney and heart were further constructed step by step. To deeply understand its toxicological mechanisms, several representative lipids on the mouse liver were visualized by AP-MALDI MSI. The results demonstrated that exposure to cadmium caused significant metabolic alterations in the liver, kidney and heart among all the tissues. Additionally, the toxicological mechanisms of cadmium in the mouse models are closely associated with the inflammation response, energy expenditure, oxidative stress, DNA and mitochondria damage, and lipid homeostasis. These insights could enhance knowledge in acute cadmium toxicity of public health and guide risk assessment in the future.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Lipidômica , Animais , Pressão Atmosférica , Cádmio/toxicidade , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
11.
Front Genet ; 12: 684555, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421994

RESUMO

Nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) is a serious and complex fetal condition. Prenatal diagnosis of hydrops fetalis is not difficult by ultrasound. However, determining the underlying etiology of NIHF remains a challenge which is essential to address for prenatal counseling. We extracted DNA from a proband prenatally diagnosed unexplained NIHF. Trio-whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed to filter candidate causative variants. Two gene mutations were identified as a compound heterozygous state in the proband. Both variants located on the PIEZO1 gene: c.3895C > T, a missense mutation in exon 27 paternally inherited; c.4030_4032del, a maternally inherited in-frame deletion in exon 28. Both variants were first reported to be related to NIHF. PIEZO1 gene mutations, leading to an autosomal recessive congenital lymphatic dysplasia, which can present as NIHF and partial or complete resolution postnatally. In conclusion, WES can aid in the elucidation of the genetic cause of NIHF and has a positive effect on the assessment of prognosis.

12.
Clin Case Rep ; 9(8): e04671, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34430025

RESUMO

Congenital skin dysplasia, especially isolated scalp defects, is difficult to detect prenatally. The prognosis for isolated congenital scalp defects is good. Treatment options include conservative treatment and surgery. The choice of treatment depends on the patient's individual circumstances.

13.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e053617, 2021 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452972

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chromosomal abnormalities and monogenic disorders account for ~15%-25% of recognisable birth defects. With limited treatment options, preconception and prenatal screening were developed to reduce the incidence of such disorders. Currently, non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) for common aneuploidies is implemented worldwide with superiority over conventional serum or sonographic screening approaches. However, the clinical validity for the screening of frequent chromosome segmental copy number variations and monogenic disorders still awaits to be proved. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study is a multicentre, prospective study. The participants were recruited from three tertiary hospitals in China starting from 10 April 2021. The study is expected to conclude before 10 October 2022. Pregnant women with abnormal prenatal screening results indicated for invasive prenatal diagnosis or those who decide to terminate their pregnancies due to abnormal ultrasound findings will be evaluated for enrolment. Cell-free DNA extracted from the maternal plasma will be used for an analytically validated comprehensive NIPS test developed by Beijing BioBiggen Technology Co. (Beijing, China). The diagnostic results from prenatal or postnatal specimens as well as the pregnancy outcome data will be collected to examine the clinical sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the test. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was approved by the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University (2020-178). Results of this study will be disseminated to public through scientific conferences and a peer-reviewed journal. Written informed consents will be obtained from participants. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2100045739.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cromossômicos , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Aneuploidia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16241, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376742

RESUMO

The economic burden of tumors is increasing, so there is an urgent need to develop new therapies for their treatment. Killing tumors by activating complement is an effective strategy for the treatment. We used the ABO blood group system and the corresponding antibodies to activate the killer cell capacity of the complement system. After the construction of a mouse model containing blood group A antibodies and inoculating colorectal cancer and breast cancer cells into the axillae of the mice, intratumoural injection using a lentivirus carrying a blood group antigen as a drug significantly reduced the tumor volume of the mice. Compared with the control group, the content of the C5b-9 complement membrane attack complex in the tumors of mice treated with the blood group A antigen was significantly increased, and the proportion of NK cells was also significantly increased. In vitro cell-based experiments proved that tumor cells expressing blood group A antigens showed significantly inhibited cell proliferation when added to serum containing blood group A antibodies. These results all prove that the ABO blood group antigen may become a powerful tool for the treatment of tumors in patients.


Assuntos
Sistema ABO de Grupos Sanguíneos/imunologia , Anticorpos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Ativação do Complemento/imunologia , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Animais , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4369, 2021 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272403

RESUMO

There is a strong demand for methods that can efficiently reconstruct valid super-resolution intact genome 3D structures from sparse and noise single-cell Hi-C data. Here, we develop Single-Cell Chromosome Conformation Calculator (Si-C) within the Bayesian theory framework and apply this approach to reconstruct intact genome 3D structures from single-cell Hi-C data of eight G1-phase haploid mouse ES cells. The inferred 100-kb and 10-kb structures consistently reproduce the known conserved features of chromatin organization revealed by independent imaging experiments. The analysis of the 10-kb resolution 3D structures reveals cell-to-cell varying domain structures in individual cells and hyperfine structures in domains, such as loops. An average of 0.2 contact reads per divided bin is sufficient for Si-C to obtain reliable structures. The valid super-resolution structures constructed by Si-C demonstrate the potential for visualizing and investigating interactions between all chromatin loci at the genome scale in individual cells.


Assuntos
Cromatina/metabolismo , Cromossomos/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/metabolismo , Genoma , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Cromatina/química , Cromatina/genética , Cromossomos/química , Cromossomos/genética , Fase G1 , Haploidia , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular
16.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128125

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop prediction models for the chance of successful external cephalic version (ECV) and delivery outcome. STUDY DESIGN: This is a single-center retrospective study including 350 pregnant women with a singleton non-cephalic pregnancy at or after 36 weeks of gestational age. We selected 22 factors for ECV prediction and 21 for delivery outcome after successful ECV prediction as candidate predictors. Multivariable logistic regression with a stepwise backward selection procedure was used to construct a prediction model for the chance of successful ECV and the other for the delivery outcome. The discrimination and calibration of the models were assessed and internal validation was done with bootstrapping. RESULTS: ECV was successfully performed in 232 cases (66.3%) among 343 women. Eight predictive factors were identified to be associated with a successful ECV: Gestational week at ECV < 39 weeks, multiparous, BMI before pregnancy < 22 kg/m3, palpable fetal head, breech engagement, larger AFI, larger BPD and posterior placenta. This model showed good calibration and good discrimination (c-statistic = 0.82, 95% CI 0.76-0.88). Six predictive factors were identified to be associated with vaginal delivery after successful ECV: age < 35, multiparous, BMI before pregnancy < 22 kg/m3, anterior placenta, lateral placenta and none-front fetal spine position. This model showed fair discrimination (c-statistic = 0.79, 95% CI 0.72-0.85). However, its calibration was not so satisfactory especially when the predicted probability was low. CONCLUSION: We validated a prediction model for ECV and delivery outcome, showing that the model's overall performance is good. This can be used in clinical practice after external validation.

17.
Front Oncol ; 11: 686365, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34178679

RESUMO

Purpose: Liquid biopsy is attracting attention as a method of real-time monitoring of patients with tumors. It can be used to understand the temporal and spatial heterogeneity of tumors and has good clinical application prospects. We explored a new type of circulating tumor cell (CTC) enrichment technology combined with next-generation sequencing (NGS) to analyze the correlation between genomic alterations in circulating tumor cells of hepatocellular carcinoma and the counts of mesenchymal CTCs and CTC-associated white blood cell (CTC-WBC) clusters. Methods: We collected peripheral blood samples from 29 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma from January 2016 to December 2019. We then used the CanPatrol™ system to capture and analyze mesenchymal CTCs and CTC-WBC clusters for all the patients. A customized Illumina panel was used for DNA sequencing and the Mann-Whitney U test was used to test the correlation between mesenchymal CTCs, CTC-WBC cluster counts, and specific genomic changes. Results: At least one somatic hotspot mutation was detected in each of the 29 sequenced patients. A total of 42 somatic hot spot mutations were detected in tumor tissue DNA, and 39 mutations were detected in CTC-DNA, all of which included common changes in PTEN, MET, EGFR, RET, and FGFR3. The number of mesenchymal CTCs was positively correlated with the somatic genomic alterations in the PTEN and MET genes (PTEN, P = 0.021; MET, P = 0.008, Mann-Whitney U test) and negatively correlated with the somatic genomic alterations in the EGFR gene (P = 0.006, Mann-Whitney U test). The number of CTC-WBC clusters was positively correlated with the somatic genomic alterations in RET genes (P = 0.01, Mann-Whitney U test) and negatively correlated with the somatic genomic alterations in FGFR3 (P = 0.039, Mann-Whitney U test). Conclusions: We report a novel method of a CTC enrichment platform combined with NGS technology to analyze genetic variation, which further demonstrates the potential clinical application of this method for spatiotemporal heterogeneity monitoring of hepatocellular carcinoma. We found that the number of peripheral blood mesenchymal CTCs and CTC-WBC clusters in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma was related to a specific genome profile.

18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072612

RESUMO

The BAG proteins are a family of multi-functional co-chaperones. In plants, BAG proteins were found to play roles both in abiotic and biotic stress tolerance. However, the function of Arabidopsis BAG2 remains largely unknown, whereas BAG6 is required for plants' defense to pathogens, although it remains unknown whether BAG6 is involved in plants' tolerance to abiotic stresses. Here, we show that both BAG2 and BAG6 are expressed in various tissues and are upregulated by salt, mannitol, and heat treatments and by stress-related hormones including ABA, ethylene, and SA. Germination of bag2, bag6 and bag2 bag6 seeds is less sensitive to ABA compared to the wild type (WT), whereas BAG2 and BAG6 overexpression lines are hypersensitive to ABA. bag2, bag6, and bag2 bag6 plants show higher survival rates than WT in drought treatment but display lower survival rates in heat-stress treatment. Consistently, these mutants showed differential expression of several stress- and ABA-related genes such as RD29A, RD29B, NCED3 and ABI4 compared to the WT. Furthermore, these mutants exhibit lower levels of ROS after drought and ABA treatment but higher ROS accumulation after heat treatment than the WT. These results suggest that BAG2 and BAG6 are negatively involved in drought stress but play a positive role in heat stress in Arabidopsis.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Chaperonas Moleculares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Estresse Fisiológico , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Secas , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Vegetal/genética , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
19.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 635680, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33996622

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Women with severe intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) are at higher risks of fetal complications and without effective treatments. Changes in gut microbiota in pregnancy were found to be related to the altered intestinal bile acid composition, so we aimed to explore the alterations of microbiota in the gut of ICP patients. Methods: A total of 90 women were recruited, including 45 ICP patients and 45 healthy controls. The gut microbiota communities of ICP group were compared to control group through 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. The results were then confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and generalized linear model (GLM). Furthermore, we analyzed the relationships between microbiota and the severity of ICP. Results: A total of seven genera and nine taxa with differential abundances between the ICP patients and the controls were identified. All of the seven genera were verified through real-time PCR, and three key genera Parabacteroides, Flavonifractor, and Megamonas were confirmed by using the GLM model. Further analysis found that the genera Escherichia_Shigella, Olsenella, and Turicibacter were enriched in the severe ICP group, the microbial gene function related to biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids and propanoate metabolism were also increased in them. Conclusions: Overall, our study was the first in Asia to demonstrate an association between gut microbiota and ICP. Our findings would contribute to a better understanding of the occurrence of ICP.


Assuntos
Colestase Intra-Hepática , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Complicações na Gravidez , Ásia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
20.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0250934, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33939742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: International data suggest that people with diabetes mellitus (DM) are at increased risk for worse acute kidney injury (AKI) outcomes; however, the data in China are limited. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the association of DM with short-term prognosis, length of stay, and expenditure in patients with AKI. METHODS: This study was based on the 2013 nationwide survey in China. According to the 2012 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) and expanded criteria of AKI, 7604 patients with AKI were identified, and 1404 and 6200 patients were with and without DM, respectively. Clinical characteristics, outcomes, length of stay, and costs of these patients were compared. Multivariate regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the association of DM with mortality, failed renal recovery, length of stay, and costs. RESULTS: Patients with AKI and DM were older, had higher male preponderance (61.9%), presented with more comorbidities, and had higher serum creatinine levels compared with those without DM. An apparent increase in all-cause in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and costs was found in patients with DM. DM was not independently associated with failed renal recovery (adjusted OR (95%CI): 1.08 (0.94-1.25)) and in-hospital mortality (adjusted OR (95%): 1.16 (0.95-1.41)) in multivariate models. However, the diabetic status was positively associated with the length of stay (ß = 0.06, p<0.05) and hospital expenditure (ß = 0.10, p<0.01) in hospital after adjusting for possible confounders. CONCLUSION: In hospitalized AKI patients, DM (vs. no DM) is independently associated with longer length of stay and greater costs, but is not associated with an increased risk for failed renal recovery and in-hospital mortality.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/economia , Injúria Renal Aguda/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus/economia , Tempo de Internação/economia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Custos e Análise de Custo/economia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização/economia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
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