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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697230

RESUMO

A novel bacterium, designated TRM 44457T, belonging to the genus Streptomyces, was isolated from soil sampled in cotton fields in Xinjiang, PR China. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain TRM 44457T was phylogenetically most closely related to Streptomyces laurentii LMG 19959T (99.38 % sequence similarity); however, strain TRM 44457T had a relatively low DNA-DNA relatedness value with S. laurentii LMG 19959T as determined by calculating the average nucleotide identity value (84.42 %). Strain TRM 44457T possessed ll-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic cell-wall diamino acid, MK-9 (H6) and MK-9 (H10) as the major menaquinone. The polar lipids included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphotidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannosides and an unidentified phospholipid. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, iso-C16:0, anteiso-C17:0, iso-C15:0, C16:0, iso-C17:0, cyclo-C17:0 and anteiso-C17:1ω9c. The genomic DNA G+C content was 72.6 mol%. Based on the evidence from this polyphasic study, strain TRM 44457T represents a novel species of the Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces roseicoloratus is proposed. The type strain is TRM 44457T (=KCTC 39904T=CCTCC AA 2016040T).

2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(9): 2722-2726, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29985122

RESUMO

A novel actinomycete, strain TRM 41368T, was isolated from a silt sample from Xiaoerkule lake in Xinjiang province, China, and was examined using a polyphasic approach. Strain TRM 41368T was aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, with an optimum NaCl concentration for growth of 5 % (w/v), and an optimum temperature for growth of 35-37 °C. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain TRM 41368T was most closely related to Glycomycesfuscus TRM 49117T (98.46 % similarity). However, it had a relatively low DNA-DNA relatedness value with G. fuscus TRM 49117T (ANI=70.59 %). The organism had chemical and morphological features typical of the genus Glycomyces. The cell wall of TRM 41368T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid; xylose, ribose and glucose were the major whole-cell sugars. The diagnostic polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositolmannosides. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H6). The major fatty acids were C18 : 1ω9c, C16 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The G+C content of the DNA was 69.9 mol%. On the basis of the polyphasic evidence, strain TRM 41368T should be designated as a novel species of the genus Glycomyces, for which the name Glycomyces xiaoerkulensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 41368T (=CCTCC AA 2017005T=KCTC 39932T).


Assuntos
Actinomycetales/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinomycetales/genética , Actinomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(7): 2178-2182, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29851373

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated TRM46399T, was isolated from ditch sediment in Xinjiang Province, Northwest China. Phylogenetic, physiological, chemotaxonomic and morphological analyses demonstrated that strain TRM46399T belonged to the genus Streptomyces. The strain was aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, had aerial mycelia that branched monopodially and formed chains of arthrospores. The spores were oval to cylindrical with smooth surfaces. The strain had an optimum NaCl concentration for growth of 5 % (w/v). The whole-cell sugar pattern of TRM46399T consisted of ribose, xylose, mannose and galactose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6), MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H10). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. Major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0 (47.8 %), iso-C14 : 0 (13.5 %), C16 : 0 (8.9 %), anteiso-C15 : 0 (8.4 %), anteiso-C17 : 0 (4.2 %) and C17 : 0cyclo (2.7 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 68.7 mol%. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain TRM46399T (KY688182) was phylogenetically most closely related to Streptomyces xinghaiensis S187T (99.13 % sequence similarity); however, DNA-DNA hybridization studies between stain TRM46399T and S. xinhaiensis S187T showed only 65.32 % relatedness. Based on the evidence from this polyphasic study, strain TRM46399T represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces aqsuensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM46399T (=KCTC 39610 T=CCTCC AA 2015009T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 111(10): 1807-1814, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29560533

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterial strain, designated TRM SA0054T, was isolated from the roots of Sophora alopecuroides grown in Alar, Xinjiang, north-west China, and characterised by a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain TRM SA0054T has 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.22% with Streptomyces barkulensis RC 1831T. Whole cell hydrolysates of strain TRM SA0054T were found to contain LL-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and ribose, glucose and xylose as the major whole cell sugars. The major fatty acids were identified as iso-C16:0, iso-C16:1 G, anteiso-C17:0, anteiso-C15:0, C16:0, anteiso-C17:1 ω9c. The main menaquinones were determined to be MK-8 (H4), MK-9 (H6) and MK-9 (H8). The polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and an unidentified lipid. The G + C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 73.04%. Strain TRM SA0054T has a relatively low DNA-DNA relatedness value with Streptomyces barkulensis RC 1831T as determined by calculating the average nucleotide identity value (ANI = 84.1%). Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, it is concluded that strain TRM SA0054T should be designated as a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces carminius sp. nov. is proposed, with type strain TRM SA0054T (= CCTCC AA 2016041T = KCTC39903T).


Assuntos
Sophora/parasitologia , Streptomyces/classificação , China , DNA Bacteriano , Metabolômica/métodos , Fenótipo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Streptomyces/química , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(5): 1514-1518, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29580317

RESUMO

The taxonomic position of a novel actinomycete, strain TRM 41337T, isolated from sediment of a salt lake, Xiaoerkule Lake, Xinjiang, China, was determined by a polyphasic approach. Strain TRM 41337T grew optimally at 28 °C and in the presence of 1 % (w/v) NaCl. It grew at up to pH 12. The whole-cell sugars of strain TRM 41337T were ribose and xylose. The diagnostic diamino acid contained ll-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositolmannoside and two other unidentified phospholipids. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H8), MK-9, MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H6). The major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and iso-C16 : 1 H. Based on morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics, the isolate was determined to belong to the genus Streptomyces. The phylogenetic tree based on its nearly complete 16S rRNA gene sequence (1498 nt) with representative strains showed that the strain consistently falls into a distinct phyletic lineage together with Streptomyces barkulensis DSM 42082T (97.48 % similarity) and a subclade consisting of Streptomyces fenghuangensis GIMN 4.003T (97.20 %), Streptomyces macrosporus NBRC 14748T (97.14 %) and Streptomyces radiopugnans R97T (97.01 %). On the basis of these data, strain TRM 41337T should be designated as a representative of a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces salilacus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 41337T (=CCTCC AA 2015030T=KCTC 39726T).


Assuntos
Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Salinidade , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
6.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 46(1): 159-173, 2018 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29069426

RESUMO

Pathogen avoidance behavior protects animal hosts against microbial pathogens. Pathogens have evolved specific strategies during coevolution in response to such host defenses. However, these strategies for combatting host avoidance behavioral defenses remain poorly understood. Here, we used Caenorhabditis elegans and its bacterial pathogen Bacillus thuringiensis as a model and determined that small RNA (sRNA)-mediated Cry toxin silencing allowed pathogens to evade host avoidance behavioral defenses. The B. thuringiensis strain YBT-1518, which encodes three nematicidal cry genes, is highly toxic to C. elegans. However, the expression of the most potent toxin, Cry5Ba, was silenced in this strain when YBT-1518 was outside the host. Cry5Ba silencing was due to the sRNA BtsR1, which bound to the RBS site of the cry5Ba transcript via direct base pairing and inhibited Cry5Ba expression. Upon ingestion by C. elegans, Cry5Ba was expressed in vivo by strain YBT-1518. Cry5Ba silencing may allow B. thuringiensis to avoid nematode behavioral defenses and then express toxins once ingested to kill the host and gain a survival advantage. Our work describes a novel model of sRNA-mediated regulation to aid pathogens in combating host avoidance behavioral defenses.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem da Esquiva/fisiologia , Bacillus thuringiensis/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Caenorhabditis elegans/fisiologia , Endotoxinas/genética , Proteínas Hemolisinas/genética , Interferência de RNA , Animais , Bacillus thuringiensis/patogenicidade , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Caenorhabditis elegans/microbiologia , Endotoxinas/metabolismo , Proteínas Hemolisinas/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Virulência/genética
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28915467

RESUMO

Luminescence of defects and/or impurities is important for phosphors. One broad emission band centered at 785nm was observed in (Y0.97Ce0.03)3(Al1-xCrx)5O12 (x=0.005, 0.01, 0.03, 0.06, 0.09), (YAG:Ce,Cr) nano-particles synthesized by polymer-assisted sol-gel method in this work. In order to study the source of this wide emission band, the crystalline phase structure of the phosphors was examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD). No obvious diffraction peaks due to impurity phase were observed even though the calcining temperature of the samples arrived at 1400°C. The anti-site defects were excluded. No detectable signals of impurities were obtained by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) or inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Based on the photo-luminescence results of YAG:Ce,Cr, YAG:Ce and YAG:Fe phosphors, the wide emission band is attributed to the 4T1(4G)→6A1(6S) transition from the trace impurity of Fe3+. The excitation band at 280nm is assigned to Fe3+-O2- charge transfer band.

8.
Genome Announc ; 5(50)2017 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29242217

RESUMO

Glycomyces spp. are rare actinomycetes that are potential antibiotic producers. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Glycomyces fuscus TRM 49117. This is the first genome report of a bacterium belonging to the genus Glycomyces The genome information of G. fuscus will contribute to studies on the structure and function of antibiotics.

9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(3): 687-691, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29144232

RESUMO

A novel halophilic actinomycete strain, designated TRM 46074T, was isolated from Aiding salt lake in Turpan Basin, north-west China. Strain TRM 46074T was aerobic, Gram-stain-positive and grew optimally with 12 % (w/v) NaCl. The strain was observed to produce sparse aerial mycelium with long chains of spores that were non-motile and oval or spherical in shape with a rough or smooth surface; substrate mycelium was branched and well developed. The cell wall was determined to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid; the diagnostic whole-cell sugars were galactose, arabinose and ribose. The diagnostic polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4), MK-10(H8) and MK-10(H4). The G+C content of the DNA was 70.9 mol%. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain TRM 46074T belongs to the genus Saccharopolyspora. Strain TRM 46074T had 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 99.6 % with the closest described species, Saccharopolyspora ghardaiensis H53T. DNA-DNA hybridization between strain TRM 46074T and Saccharopolysporaghardaiensis H53T showed 58.6 % relatedness. On the basis of the evidence from a polyphasic study, strain TRM 46074T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Saccharopolyspora, for which the name Saccharopolyspora aidingensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 46074T (=CCTCC AA 2012014T=JCM 30185T).


Assuntos
Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Saccharopolyspora/classificação , Salinidade , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Saccharopolyspora/genética , Saccharopolyspora/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(12): 4892-4896, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29034858

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium designated TRM 46509T was isolated from a salt water beach at Kalpin, Xinjiang, north-west China. The strain was aerobic and Gram-stain-positive, with an optimum NaCl concentration for growth of 1 % (w/v). The isolate formed sparse aerial mycelium and produced spiral spores at the end of the aerial mycelium on Gauze's No. 1 medium. The isolate contained ll-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and ribose as the major whole-cell sugar. The polar lipids included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannosides and an unidentified phospholipid. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H2), MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8). The major fatty acids were C16:0, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C14 : 0. The G+C content of the DNA was 69.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain TRM 46509T shared 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97.6 % with the closest described species Streptomyces tacrolimicus ATCC 55098T. On the basis of evidence from this polyphasic study, strain TRM 46509T should be designated as representing a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces kalpinensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 46509T (=CCTCC AA 2015028T=KCTC 39667T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Streptomyces/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Praias , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
J Dairy Res ; 84(4): 471-478, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28929994

RESUMO

Modulating conditions during ultrafiltration of skim milk appears to be a feasible strategy to obtain milk protein concentrates (MPC) with tailored functionalities. Adjustment of pH and process temperature attenuated properties of casein micelle resulting in enhanced emulsification capacity. Additional pre-treatment options such as addition of calcium chelators can further impact on the functionality of MPC by modifying the calcium distribution and casein micelle integrity. The objective of the project was to establish effects of pre-treating skim milk with calcium chelators (EDTA or citrate) in concentrations between 10 to 30 mm prior to UF on the physical properties of the feed, corresponding retentates and dried MPC, including particle size, zeta potential and calcium distribution in skim milk and the corresponding retentates, as well as the physical functionalities such as solubility, heat stability and emulsifying properties. Addition of calcium chelators (EDTA or citrate), at levels 20-30 mm concentrations reduced casein micelle size as well as total, soluble and ionic calcium contents that resulted in MPC with enhanced solubility and heat stability. The emulsion capacity was, however, improved only with EDTA at 10 mm concentration. The enhanced functionality is attributed to the reduced particle size resulting from the removal of calcium from the retentate that could modify micellar casein to an extent sufficient to cause such improvements.


Assuntos
Quelantes/farmacologia , Proteínas do Leite/isolamento & purificação , Ultrafiltração/métodos , Animais , Cálcio/análise , Caseínas , Ácido Cítrico/farmacologia , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Emulsificantes , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Micelas , Leite/química , Proteínas do Leite/análise , Tamanho da Partícula , Solubilidade , Temperatura Ambiente
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(3): 543-547, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27902245

RESUMO

A Streptomyces-like strain, designated TRM 45540T, was isolated from soil of the Loulan area (89° 22' 22″ E 40° 29' 55″ N), Xinjiang Province, north-west China, and was characterized taxonomically by using a polyphasic study. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain TRM 45540T shared 99.87 % similarity with Streptomyces mutabilis NBRC 12800T (GenBank accession number AB184156). The strain was aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, with an optimum NaCl concentration for growth of 5 % (w/v). The isolate formed white aerial mycelium that was long filamentous with few branches; the substrate mycelium possessed long, smooth-surfaced spore chains bearing smooth spores and produced a yellow diffusible pigment. The strain contained iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and C16 : 0 as major cellular fatty acids. The predominant menaquinones of the strain were MK-9(H6), MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H10). The whole-cell sugar pattern contained glucose and ribose. The polar lipid pattern of the strain consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphotidylinositol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositolmannosides. Genotypic and phenotypic data confirmed that strain TRM 45540T represents a novel species, clearly different from related species of the genus Streptomyces, and for which the name Streptomyces luteus (type strain TRM 45540T=CCTCC AA 2014003T=NRRL B-59117T) is proposed.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
13.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 110(2): 195-203, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27752797

RESUMO

A novel actinomycete strain, designated TRM 49605T, was isolated from a desert soil sample from Lop Nur, Xinjiang, north-west China, and characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The strain exhibited antifungal activity against the following strains: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Curvularia lunata, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum, Penicillium citrinum, Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis; Antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Micrococcus luteus; and no antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences affiliated strain TRM 49605T to the genus Streptomyces. Strain TRM 49605T shows high sequence similarities to Streptomyces roseolilacinus NBRC 12815T (98.62 %), Streptomyces flavovariabilis NRRL B-16367T (98.45 %) and Streptomyces variegatus NRRL B-16380T (98.45 %). Whole cell hydrolysates of strain TRM 49605T were found to contain LL-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and galactose, glucose, xylose and mannose as the major whole cell sugars. The major fatty acids in strain TRM 49605T were identified as iso C16:0, anteiso C15:0, C16:0 and Summed Feature 5 as defined by MIDI. The main menaquinones were identified as MK-9(H4), MK-9(H6), MK-9(H8) and MK-10(H6). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 71.2 %. The DNA-DNA relatedness between strain TRM 49605T and the phylogenetically related strain S. roseolilacinus NBRC 12815T was 60.12 ± 0.06 %, which is lower than the 70 % threshold value for delineation of genomic prokaryotic species. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain TRM 49605T (=CCTCC AA2015026T = KCTC 39666T) should be designated as the type strain of a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces luozhongensis sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Streptomyces/classificação , Streptomyces/fisiologia , Antibacterianos/classificação , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Antifúngicos/classificação , Antifúngicos/metabolismo , Bactérias , Composição de Bases/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Fungos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Especificidade da Espécie , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/metabolismo
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(12): 5051-5055, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27580743

RESUMO

A novel actinomycete strain, designated TRM 46515T, was isolated from a salt water beach at Awat, Xinjiang, Northwest China, and characterized using polyphasic taxonomy. Comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain TRM 46515T is a member of the genus Streptomyces, exhibiting highest similarity with Streptomyces qinglanensis 172205T (98.32 %). However, DNA-DNA relatedness and phenotypic data readily distinguished strain TRM 46515T from phylogenetically related type strains. The G+C content of the DNA was 70.40 mol%. Whole-cell hydrolysates of strain TRM 46515T were found to contain ll-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and ribose was the major whole-cell sugar. The major fatty acids identified were anteiso-C17 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0. The main menaquinone was MK-9(H8) and the polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidyl ethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and one unknown glycolipid. On the basis of these phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain TRM 46515T should be designated as a representative of a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces litoralis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 46515T (=CCTCC AA 2015040T=KCTC 39729T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(12): 5145-5149, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27620889

RESUMO

A novel actinomycete, strain TRM 41495T, was isolated from lake sediment of Xiaoerkule lake in Xinjiang province, China, and was examined using a polyphasic approach. Strain TRM 41495T was aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, growing best on ISP medium 7 with abundant white aerial mycelium formed and brown soluble pigments produced. The optimum NaCl concentration for growth was 3.0 % (w/v), and the optimum temperature for growth was 37 °C. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain TRM 41495T was shown to belong to the genus Saccharomonospora with a sequence similarity of 97.50 % with the most closely related species, Saccharomonospora xinjiangensis. The organism had chemical and morphological features typical of the genus Saccharomonospora. The cell wall of strain TRM 41495T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, and galactose, arabinose, ribose and mannose were the major whole-cell sugars. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and an unknown phosphoglycolipid. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H2). The major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, C16 : 0, C17 : 1ω6c, anteiso-C17 : 0 and iso-C16 : 1H. The G+C content of the DNA was 72.9 mol%. However, DNA-DNA hybridization studies between strain TRM 41495T and Saccharomonospora xinjiangensis showed only 43.9 % relatedness. Whole-cell sugars, menaquinones and fatty acids differentiate strain TRM 41495T from Saccharomonospora xinjiangensis. On the basis of the polyphasic evidence, strain TRM 41495T represents a novel species of the genus Saccharomonospora, for which the name Saccharomonospora xiaoerkulensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 41495T (=CCTCC AA 2015038T=KCTC 39727T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(12): 5005-5009, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27565851

RESUMO

The taxonomic position of a novel actinomycete, strain TRM 46250T, isolated from the sediment of a salt water beach at Baicheng, Xinjiang, China, was determined by a polyphasic approach. Strain TRM 46250T grew optimally in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl and an optimum temperature range for growth of 28-37 °C. The whole-cell sugars of strain TRM 46250T were ribose, xylose, mannose and galactose. The diagnostic diamino acid was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipids were phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethyl ethanolamine and six unidentified phospholipids. The predominant menaquinones were MK-10, MK-10(H6) and MK-10(H8). The major fatty acids were 10-methyl C18 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, C16 : 0, iso-G C16 : 1 and C18 : 1ω9c. Based on morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics the isolate was determined to belong to the genus Nocardiopsis. The phylogenetic tree based on its nearly complete 16S rRNA gene sequence (1493 nt) with those of representative strains showed that the strain consistently falls into a distinct phyletic line together with Nocardiopsis gilva YIM 90087T (97.68 % similarity) and a subclade consisting of Nocardiopsis composta KS9T (97.52 %), Nocardiopsis rosea YIM 90094T (97.44 %) and Nocardiopsis rhodophaea YIM 90096T (97.16 %). However, DNA-DNA hybridization studies between strain TRM 46250T and N. gilva YIM 90087T showed only 36.94 % relatedness. On the basis of these data, strain TRM 46250T should be designated as a representative of a novel species of the genus Nocardiopsis, for which the name Nocardiopsis akesuensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 46250T (=CCTCC AA 2015027T=KCTC 39725T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(8): 3219-3223, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27217157

RESUMO

A novel actinomycete strain, designated TRM 46794-61T, was isolated from an alkali-removing canal in 14th Farms of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, north-west China. The isolate contained ll-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The whole-cell sugar patterns of the isolate contained ribose, mannose and glucose. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and two unidentified phospholipids. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H2), MK-9(H4), MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8). The major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The G+C content of the DNA was 70.4 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain TRM 46794-61T had a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97.6 % with the most closely related species with a validly published name, Streptomyces aidingensis TRM 46012T, and it could be distinguished from all species in the genus Streptomyces based on data from this polyphasic taxonomic study. However, DNA-DNA hybridization studies between strain TRM 46794-61T and S.aidingensis TRM 46012T showed only 45.4 % relatedness. On the basis of these data, strain TRM 46794-61T should be designated as a representative of a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces canalis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 46794-61T (=CCTCC AA 2015006T=KCTC 39568T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces/classificação , Álcalis , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Salinidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 66(6): 2424-2428, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27031169

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated TRM 43006T, was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of Populus euphratica in Xinjiang Province, north-west China. Phylogenetic and phenotypic analysis demonstrated that strain TRM 43006T belongs to the genus Streptomyces. The strain was aerobic and Gram-stain-positive; the aerial mycelium branched monopodially, forming chains of arthrospores. The spores were oval to cylindrical with smooth surfaces. The whole-cell sugar pattern of strain TRM 43006T consisted of xylose, mannitol, galactose and ribose. The menaquinones were MK-9(H6), MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H10). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannosides and four unknown phospholipids. Major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, iso-C16 : 1, iso-C14 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 69.0 mol%. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain TRM 43006T was phylogenetically most closely related to Streptomyces roseolilacinus NBRC 12815T (98.6 % similarity) and Streptomycessudanensis SD 504T (98.3 %); however, DNA-DNA hybridization studies between S. roseolilacinus NBRC 12815T, S. sudanensis SD 504T and TRM 43006T showed only 30.28 and 30.65 % relatedness, respectively. Based on the evidence from this polyphasic study, strain TRM 43006T represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces indoligenes sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 43006T (=KCTC 39611T=CCTCC AA 2015010T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Populus/microbiologia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
Genome Announc ; 3(6)2015 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26679581

RESUMO

We report here the draft genome sequence of Streptomyces mutabilis TRM45540, a strain isolated from a soil sample from Xinjiang, China. Analysis of the genome using the bioinformatics tool antiSMASH showed the presence of many unique natural-product biosynthetic pathways.

20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 65(11): 4263-4269, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26337957

RESUMO

A novel halophilic actinobacterium, designated strain TRM 49201T, was isolated from a hypersaline soil in Xinjiang Province, north-west China. The strain was aerobic, Gram-stain-positive and halophilic. The aerial mycelium was chaotic with irregular branches, and spherical sporangia containing several spherical spores developed at mycelial aggregations. The strain had an optimum NaCl concentration for growth of 8-13 % (w/v). The whole-cell sugar pattern of strain TRM 49201T consisted of xylose and ribose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H4), MK-9(H6) and MK-10(H2). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and four unknown phospholipids. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 70 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain TRM 49201T can be distinguished from representatives of Glycomyces, Stackebrandtia and Haloglycomyces, the three existing genera in the family Glycomycetaceae, based on low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities ( < 94.42 %). Strain TRM 49201T is thus considered to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Glycomycetaceae, for which the name Paraglycomyces xinjiangensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Paraglycomyces xinjiangensis is TRM 49201T ( = NRRL B-24926T = CCTCC AA 2013002T = KACC 17683T).


Assuntos
Actinomycetales/classificação , Filogenia , Salinidade , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinomycetales/genética , Actinomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
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