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1.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and concurrent depression are predisposed to severer disease activity and a worse prognosis. Macrophage polarization toward the M1 phenotype may contribute to the exacerbation of IBD with comorbid depression. Moreover, interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) is involved in the pathogenesis of IBD. The aim of this study was to explore the role of IRF5 in macrophage polarization in the impact of depression upon colitis. METHODS: Depressive-like behavior was induced by repeated forced swim stress. Colon length, disease activity index (DAI), colon morphology, histology, ultrastructure of epithelial barrier, lamina propria macrophage polarization, and expression of IRF5 were compared between DSS colitis rats with and without depressive-like behavior. IRF5 shRNA was constructed to affect the rat peritoneal macrophages polarization in vitro. After IRF5 shRNA lentivirus was introduced into colon by enema, the colitis severity, lamina propria macrophage polarization, and TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-10 of colon tissues were measured. RESULTS: The study found severer colonic inflammation in depressed versus non-depressed DSS-colitis rats. Depressed DSS-colitis rats exhibited smaller subepithelial macrophages size and reduced intracellular granule diversity compared with nondepressed DSS-colitis rats. Increased polarization toward the M1 phenotype, elevated expression of IRF5, and co-expression of IRF5 with CD86 were found in depressed versus nondepressed DSS-colitis rats. Lentivirus-mediated shRNA interference with IRF5 expression switched rat peritoneal macrophage polarization from the M1 to the M2 phenotype, downregulated TNF-α, IL-1ß expression to a greater extent in depressed versus nondepressed colitis rats. CONCLUSIONS: IRF5-mediated macrophage polarization may likely underlie the deterioration of DSS-induced colitis caused by depression.

2.
Chemistry ; 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082681

RESUMO

Cubic-like CaTaO 2 N photocatalysts with high crystallinity and uniform particle size were successfully prepared by the flux-assisted nitridation method. The growth of CaTaO 2 N single crystals under different synthesis conditions was systematically investigated to understand the effects of the crystallinity and optical property on photocatalytic performance of CO 2 reduction. Moreover, the modification of CaTaO 2 N single crystals with core-shell Ni-Ag bicomponent cocatalyst by two-step decoration process exhibited higher rate of CO evolution than the deposition of sole Ag cocatalyst, because of the synergistic effects of bicomponent cocatalyst on the interfacial electron transfer and surface catalytic process. This study provides a valuable way to construct high-crystalline photocatalysts with effective bicomponent cocatalyst for visible-light-driven CO 2 reduction with H 2 O.

3.
Yeast ; 2022 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089751

RESUMO

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) encodes essential subunits of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes, thus the expression of mtDNA-encoded genes is essential for the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). However, factors involved in mitochondrial translation have not been fully characterized. In this study, we characterized Schizosaccharomyces pombe Sls1, which has sequence similarity to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sls1 that is required for the translation of all mtDNA-encoded mRNAs. Deletion of S. pombe sls1 severely impaired the growth of the cells on a rich medium containing the non-fermentable carbon source glycerol, which requires mitochondrial respiration. We found that the translation of mtDNA-encoded Cox1, the largest subunit of the cytochrome c oxidase complex, was severely impaired in Δsls1 cells. Deletion of S. pombe sls1 also resulted in a barely detectable steady-state level of mature cox1 mRNA. RNA immunoprecipitation showed that S. pombe Sls1 interacts with cox1 mRNA. Sucrose gradient sedimentation analysis revealed that S. pombe Sls1 is associated with the small subunit of mitochondrial ribosomes. Our results suggest that unlike S. cerevisiae Sls1, S. pombe Sls1 is primarily required for the accumulation and translation of cox1 mRNA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(9)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36140747

RESUMO

Aging has been recently reported to promote lung cancer initiation and progression. Senescent fibroblasts gain a cancer-associated fibroblast (CAF) phenotype, and exert a powerful influence on cancer behavior, such as tumor cell growth and metastasis. However, mechanisms linking fibroblast senescence with CAF activation remain poorly understood. Our study shows that senescent fibroblasts displayed CAF properties, including the highly expressed CAF markers, α-SMA and Vimentin, and CAF-specific factors, CXCL12, FGF10, IL6 and COL1A1, which significantly increased collagen contractile activity and promoted the migration and invasion of lung cancer cells, H1299 and A549. We were further able to show that CAF characteristics in senescent fibroblasts could be regulated by the Stat3 pathway. Intracellular ROS accumulation activates the Stat3 pathway during senescence. Thus, our findings indicate that senescent fibroblasts mediate a CAF function with the Stat3 pathway. We further propose a novel Stat3 dependent targetable mechanism, which is instrumental in mediating the migration and invasion of lung cancer cells.

5.
Front Genet ; 13: 850108, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110207

RESUMO

Background: Psoriasis is a chronic and immune-mediated skin disorder that currently has no cure. Pyroptosis has been proved to be involved in the pathogenesis and progression of psoriasis. However, the role pyroptosis plays in psoriasis remains elusive. Methods: RNA-sequencing data of psoriasis patients were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and differentially expressed pyroptosis-related genes (PRGs) between psoriasis patients and normal individuals were obtained. A principal component analysis (PCA) was conducted to determine whether PRGs could be used to distinguish the samples. PRG and immune cell correlation was also investigated. Subsequently, a novel diagnostic model comprising PRGs for psoriasis was constructed using a random forest algorithm (ntree = 400). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the classification performance through both internal and external validation. Consensus clustering analysis was used to investigate whether there was a difference in biological functions within PRG-based subtypes. Finally, the expression of the kernel PRGs were validated in vivo by qRT-PCR. Results: We identified a total of 39 PRGs, which could distinguish psoriasis samples from normal samples. The process of T cell CD4 memory activated and mast cells resting were correlated with PRGs. Ten PRGs, IL-1ß, AIM2, CASP5, DHX9, CASP4, CYCS, CASP1, GZMB, CHMP2B, and CASP8, were subsequently screened using a random forest diagnostic model. ROC analysis revealed that our model has good diagnostic performance in both internal validation (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.930 [95% CI 0.877-0.984]) and external validation (mean AUC = 0.852). PRG subtypes indicated differences in metabolic processes and the MAPK signaling pathway. Finally, the qRT-PCR results demonstrated the apparent dysregulation of PRGs in psoriasis, especially AIM2 and GZMB. Conclusion: Pyroptosis may play a crucial role in psoriasis and could provide new insights into the diagnosis and underlying mechanisms of psoriasis.

6.
Ecol Evol ; 12(9): e9275, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110869

RESUMO

Congeneric species are critical for understanding the underlying ecological mechanisms of biodiversity maintenance. Ecological mechanisms such as conspecific negative density dependence, species differences in life-history stages related to habitat preference, and limiting similarity are known to influence plant fitness, thereby influencing species coexistence and biodiversity. However, our understanding of these phenomena as they apply to coexistence among coniferous species is limited. We studied two congeneric Pinus species, Pinus armandii (PA) and Pinus tabulaeformis (PT), both of which are common pioneer species typically succeeded by oaks (Quercus), in a 25-ha warm temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest. Here, we addressed the following questions: (1) How do population structures and distributions patterns of these two Pinus species vary with respect to different life-history stages? (2) Does intra- and interspecific competition vary with respect to three life-history stages? And (3) What are the relative contributions of topographic and soil variables to the spatial distributions of the species across the three life-history stages? In addressing these questions, we utilized the pair-correlation function g(r), redundancy analysis (RDA), variance partitioning (VP), and hierarchical partitioning (HP) to identify habitat preferences and conspecific negative density dependence at different life-history stages from small to large trees. The results revealed that in both Pinus species, individuals in different life-history stages were subject to significant habitat heterogeneity, with a tendency for small trees to be distributed at higher latitudes that may be represents climate-change-driven migration in both species. In addition, the effects of conspecific negative density dependence on PT were stronger than those on PA due to limited dispersal in PT. Furthermore, we found that interspecific competition was weak due to the species differences in resource utilization and preference for key habitats. Our study shows that congeneric Pinus species avoids competition by exploiting distinct habitats and provides insight into forest community structure.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(36): e30514, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086765

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate whether Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) applied to hyperdense lesion on noncontrast CT obtained immediately post-thrombectomy (post-ASPECTS) is useful for predicting poor outcome. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent noncontrast CT (NCCT) immediately after mechanical thrombectomy between January 2017 and July 2020 in our comprehensive stroke center. We collected baseline NCCT and post-ASPECTS score. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the post-ASPECTS in predicting clinical outcome were calculated. A total of 223 patients were included. The hyperdense lesion on NCCT immediately after endovascular thrombectomy presented in 85.7% (191/223) patients, poor clinical outcome was in 56.1% (112/191) of hyperdense lesion patients. Low post-ASPECTS was associated with poor outcome (OR 0.390; 95% CI 0.258-0.589; P = .001), with an AUCROC curve of 0.753 (95% CI 0.684-0.822), while baseline NCCT-ASPECTS was not (OR 0. 754; 95% CI 0. 497-1.144; P = .185). A score ≤ 7 in post-ASPECTS was the best cut-off to poor clinical outcome (sensitivity 84.8%; specificity 52.7%; positive predictive value 68.4%; negative predictive value 73.8%). Our results point to the proportion of patients who present hyperdense lesion on NCCT is very high, post-ASPECTS could predict poor clinical outcomes in patients with stroke treated with endovascular mechanical thrombectomy, and post-ASPECTS may achieved better predictive value than baseline ASPECTS.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Alberta/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 896550, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081503

RESUMO

Background: Biological agents have been used with extreme caution in children because of their possible adverse effects. Objectives: This study used high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to provide high-level evidence to assess the effectiveness and safety of biological agents for treating children with psoriasis. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases through October 31, 2021. We included trials reporting at least one adverse event after treatment with biological agents of patients less than 18-year-old diagnosed with psoriasis. RevMan 5.3 and Stata 15.0 software were used for meta and Bayesian analyses. Results: Six trials with 864 participants were included in the analysis. The results showed a 2.37-fold higher response rate in all biologics groups than in the control group for psoriasis area and severity index 75 (PASI75) (RR= 2.37, P-value < 0.01, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.22, 4.62]). Compared with placebo, the PASI75 response rates of etanercept (RR= 2.82, 95% [CI] [1.10, 7.21]), ustekinumab low dose (RR= 7.45, 95%[CI] [1.25, 44.58]), and ustekinumab high dose (RR= 7.25, 95%[CI] [1.21, 43.41]) were superior. Additionally, the incidence of total adverse reactions was 1.05 times higher for biologics than for controls, indicating a good safety profile (RR= 1.05, P-value = 0.53, 95%[CI] [0.92, 1.19]). Overall, these six high-quality randomized controlled trials suggest that biologics are effective and safe for pediatric patients with psoriasis. Limitations: Inclusion of few relevant, high-quality RCTs. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that biologics can be used to treat children with moderate-to-severe psoriasis without the risk of adverse effects. Ustekinumab showed the best efficacy and the fewest adverse effects.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Psoríase , Adolescente , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Teorema de Bayes , Fatores Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Humanos , Psoríase/induzido quimicamente , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ustekinumab/efeitos adversos
9.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(18): 6141-6147, 2022 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35949848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the cosmetic intervention related infections caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are increasing as the informal cosmetic treatments are performed. However, many dermatologists are inexperienced in the diagnosis and management of similar cases. Here we report a case of subcutaneous infection caused by Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus) following cosmetic injections of botulinum toxin. CASE SUMMARY: A 53-year-old woman presented with multiple abscesses and nodules on her forehead and both temporal sites for half a month after cosmetic injections of botulinum toxin. Her lesions did not show any alleviation after 2-wk prescription of antibiotics. Laboratory examinations indicated that she had no sign of immunodeficiency and the whole body of computed tomography did not find any systemic infection or diseases. The pathology of skin tissue showed inflammatory cell infiltration with the negative results of Periodic acid Schiff (PAS) and Acid-fast staining and the culture yielded no microbiome. Afterwards, the puncture on abscess was performed and M. abscessus was successfully isolated. The pathogen was identified by acid-fast staining and DNA sequencing. The patient was treated with the strategy of clarithromycin, ofloxacin, and amikacin according to the result of drug sensitivity test and got complete remission of the lesions. CONCLUSION: The case presents the whole process of diagnosis and management of NTM infection after cosmetic intervention and highlights the diagnostic thoughts. In a word, the mycobacterium infection should be aware in patients after cosmetic performance.

10.
Exp Neurol ; 358: 114212, 2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36029808

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of miR-702-5p on diabetic encephalopathy (DE) and the interaction of miR-702-5p/12/15-LOX in the central nervous system (CNS). In this study, db/db mice were used as DE animal model and HT22 cells were treated with high-glucose (HG). Based on the bioinformatics prediction of possible binding sites between miR-702-5p and 12/15-LOX, we found that the expression of miR-702-5p was significantly down-regulated while 12/15-LOX up-regulated in vivo and in vitro, and the expression changes were inversely correlated. In vivo, diabetic mice with cognitive dysfunction and hippocampal neuronal damage had a concomitant increase in amyloid precursor protein (APP), amyloid beta(Aß), tau, BAX protein expressions; by contrast, Bcl-2 protein expression was significantly decreased. Overexpression of miR-702-5p significantly reduced the histopathological damage of the hippocampus, improved the learning and memory function of db/db mice, down-regulated 12/15-LOX, APP, Aß, tau, BAX protein expressions significantly and up-regulated the expression of Bcl-2. In vitro, miR-702-5p mimic reversed the decline in cell viability and the increase in cell apoptosis induced by HG. Simultaneously, reduced 12/15-LOX, APP, Aß, BAX protein expressions, and increased Bcl-2 protein expression were detected in the miR-702-5p mimic group. Moreover, combined administration of miR-702-5p mimic and 12/15-LOX overexpression lentivirus significantly reversed the protective effect of up-regulation of miR-702-5p. In conclusion, miR-702-5p has a neuroprotective effect on DE, and this effect was achieved by inhibiting 12/15-LOX. However, miR-702-5p had an endogenous regulatory effect on 12/15-LOX rather than a direct targeting relationship.

11.
Biomaterials ; 288: 121698, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36038422

RESUMO

Diabetic ulcers (DUs), a devastating complication of diabetes, are intractable for limited effective interventions in clinic. Based on the clinical samples and bioinformatic analysis, we found lower level of CCN1 in DU individuals. Considering the accelerated proliferation effect in keratinocytes, we propose the therapeutic role of CCN1 supplementation in DU microenvironment. To address the challenge of rapid degradation of CCN1 in protease-rich diabetic healing condition, we fabricated a nanoformulation of CCN1 (CCN1-NP), which protected CCN1 from degradation and significantly raised CCN1 intracellular delivery efficiency to 6.2-fold. The results showed that the intracellular CCN1 exhibited a greater anti-inflammatory and proliferative/migratory activities once the extracellular signal of CCN1 was blocked in vitro. The nanoformulation unveils a new mechanism that CCN1 delivered into cells interacted with Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit A (EIF3A) to downregulate autophagy-related 7 (ATG7). Furthermore, topical application of CCN1-NP had profound curative effects on delayed wound healing in diabetes both in vitro and in vivo. Our results illustrate a novel mechanism of intracellular EIF3A/CCN1/ATG7 axis triggered by nanoformulation and the therapeutic potential of CCN1-NP for DU management.


Assuntos
Proteína Rica em Cisteína 61 , Diabetes Mellitus , Sistemas de Liberação de Fármacos por Nanopartículas , Proteína 7 Relacionada à Autofagia/metabolismo , Proteína Rica em Cisteína 61/metabolismo , Proteína Rica em Cisteína 61/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Fator de Iniciação 3 em Eucariotos/metabolismo , Humanos , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Sistemas de Liberação de Fármacos por Nanopartículas/farmacologia , Nanopartículas , Cicatrização/fisiologia
12.
Acta Biomater ; 2022 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948176

RESUMO

Current vaccination schedules, including COVID-19 vaccines, require multiple doses to be administered. Single injection vaccines eliciting equivalent immune response are highly desirable. Unfortunately because unconventional release kinetics are difficult to achieve it still remains a huge challenge. Herein a single-injection COVID-19 vaccine was designed using a highly programmable release system based on dynamic layer-by-layer (LBL) films. The antigen, S1 subunit of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, was loaded in CaCO3 microspheres, which were further coated with tannic acid (TA)/polyethylene glycol (PEG) LBL films. The single-injection vaccine was obtained by mixing the microspheres coated with different thickness of TA/PEG films. Because of the unique constant-rate erosion behavior of the TA/PEG coatings, this system allows for distinct multiple pulsatile release of antigen, closely mimicking the release profile of antigen in conventional multiple dose vaccines. Immunization with the single injection vaccine induces potent and persistent S1-specific humoral and cellular immune responses in mice. The sera from the vaccinated animal exhibit robust in vitro viral neutralization ability. More importantly, the immune response and viral inhibition induced by the single injection vaccine are as strong as that induced by the corresponding multiple dose vaccine, because they share the same antigen release profile. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Vaccines are the most powerful and cost-effective weapons against infectious diseases such as COVID-19. However, current vaccination schedules, including the COVID-19 vaccines, require multiple doses to be administered. Herein a single-injection COVID-19 vaccine is designed using a highly programmable release system. This vaccine releases antigens in a pulsatile manner, closely mimicking the release pattern of antigens in conventional multiple dose vaccines. As a result, one single injection of the new vaccine induces an immune response and viral inhibition similar to that induced by the corresponding multiple-dose vaccine approach.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(16)2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36012263

RESUMO

This study aimed to discuss the role of 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LOX) regulation involved in diabetes cognitive dysfunction. First, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) test was used to evaluate cognitive ability in diabetic patients and normal controls. The plasma test showed that the plasma level of 12/15-LOX in patients with MMSE scores below 27 was significantly increased compared with that of the normal group. Second, 12/15-LOX inhibitor was administered to diabetic rats. Behavioral tests, biochemistry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and Western blotting were used in this study. We found that the levels of fasting and random blood glucose increased rapidly in diabetic rats, the levels of triglycerides and total cholesterol in the diabetic group increased, and insulin levels decreased significantly. In the Morris water maze test, the escape latency was prolonged, and the crossing times decreased in the diabetic group. Under the microscope, the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons in diabetic rats increased significantly. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and 12-hydroxyindoleic acid (12(S)-HETE) significantly increased, and the protein expression of 12/15-LOX, p38 MAPK, Aß1-42, caspase-3, caspase-9 and cPLA2 increased, while that of Bcl-2 decreased. However, the use of 12/15-LOX inhibitor reversed these results. Third, 12/15-LOX shRNA and p38MAPK inhibitor were administered to HT22 cells in high-glucose medium. The results of the cell experiment were consistent with those of the animal experiment. Our results indicated that the 12/15-LOX pathway participates in diabetic brain damage by activating p38MAPK to promote inflammation and neuronal apoptosis, and intervention 12/15-LOX can improve diabetic cognitive dysfunction.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Animais , Apoptose , Araquidonato 12-Lipoxigenase/genética , Araquidonato 12-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Araquidonato 15-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Inflamação/metabolismo , Ratos , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36044134

RESUMO

More accurate source analysis of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in atmospheric fallout that endanger biodiversity and human health remains needed. This study determined the concentrations of seven PTEs, including Pb, Cd, As, Cu, Zn, Ni, and Cr, by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and the sources of PTE pollution were quantified using multivariate statistical analysis, including principal component analysis (PCA), cluster analysis (CA), and Pearson correlation analysis, and Moran index was applied for mutual verification and supplementation. PCA and CA revealed that the same mixed sources of Pb, Cd, As, Cu, and Zn were found in the atmospheric dust fall in the study area, while Ni and Cr had the same source of pollution. Pearson correlation analysis provided that there were strong correlations between Pb-Cd, Pb-As, Pb-Cu, Cd-As, Cd-Cu, As-Cu, and Ni-Cr, indicating commonality between the two sources of heavy metal pollution. Additionally, the Moran index showed that strong spatial correlations were observed between Pb, Cd, As, Cu, and Zn, whose sources were mainly related to non-ferrous metal processing smelter smelting slag sites and an environmental company in the study area. However, no spatial correlation was found between Ni and Cr, which mainly originated from the local geological background.

15.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(8): 2017-2026, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36043806

RESUMO

Shrub is an important part of forest ecosystem. Exploring the species composition, structure and spatial distribution of shrub layer can lay an important foundation for further clarifying the mechanisms underlying species coexistence, biodiversity maintenance and community succession. In this study, species composition, spatial distribution, and species diversity of shrub layer were analyzed in 25 hm2 of Huangguan forest plot. A total of 20716 individual shrubs (with 10463 branches) were recorded in the plot, belonging to 54 species, 45 genera, 28 families. The status of dominant species in the shrub layer was not obvious, with all the importance values being less than 10. The diameter structure of shrub layer vegetation was inverted 'J' type. Shrubs showed aggregated distribution in the plot, with obvious altitude differences in spatial distribution. The diameter structure and spatial distribution of the nine shrub species with the largest abundance in the plot were consistent with the overall situation of shrub layer. With increasing altitude, the Shannon diversity index (H) and Simpson dominance index (D) did not change significantly, while the Pielou evenness index (E) decreased. Those indices decreased with the increases of the abundance of dominant species in tree layer, and E increased with the increase of the number of dominant species in sub-tree layer. The indices of H, D, E were significantly negatively correlated with soil total phosphorus (TP). The H index was significantly positively correlated with soil pH, and the E index was significantly positively correlated with soil total potassium. The shrub layer was rich in species, stable in community structure and well regenerated. The species diversity of shrub layer was mainly affected by the number of dominant species in the tree layer, soil pH, and TP.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Florestas , Biodiversidade , China , Humanos , Fósforo , Solo , Árvores
16.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(8): 2027-2034, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36043807

RESUMO

In this study, the spatial distribution patterns of individuals with different diameter classes of dominant shrub Lonicera fragrantissima var. lancifolia and the intraspecific and interspecific relationships were analyzed in Qinling Huangguan Plot. The results showed that the diameter class structure of L. fragrantissima var. lancifolia showed a pyramid shape, with a wide bottom and a narrow top. The number of small-diameter class individuals was the largest, showing a good state of renewal and a stable growth, which was conducive to community renewal and succession. Based on Ripley's K function, using univariate and bivariate paired correlation functions, under complete spatial randomness model, heterogeneous Poisson model and antecedent condition model, all individual of the species and their diameter-dividing classes were mainly aggregated, and the aggregation degree decreased with the increases of research scale, and gradually tended to random distribution. Affected by habitat heterogeneity, diffusion restriction and negative density dependence, there was a positive correlation among different intraspecific dia-meter classes, and also a certain degree of no correlation, but without negative correlation. The interspecific relationship was complex. All types of association (no, positive and negative) were observed, but negative association and no association were dominated.


Assuntos
Florestas , Lonicera , China , Ecossistema , Humanos , Árvores
17.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(8): 2035-2042, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36043808

RESUMO

To explore the spatial distribution and intraspecific correlation of Quercus aliena var. acutiserrata, a domi-nant tree species in a 25 hm2 plot of warm temperate deciduous broadleaved forest in Qinling Mountains, the pair-correlation function g(r) was used to study the spatial pattern and intraspecific association. The results showed that the diameter class structure of Q. aliena var. acutiserrata was bimodal, with a large proportion of young trees (1 cm≤DBH<5 cm), indicating an increase population structure with good capability of regeneration. The abundance of middle trees (15 cm≤DBH<25 cm) was slightly more than that of big trees (25 cm≤DBH<35 cm) and old trees (DBH≥35 cm), but far less than that of young trees and small trees. The spatial distribution of Q. aliena var. acuteserrata was obviously altitude dependent, which mainly distributed in the middle and high altitude areas. Results of complete spatial randomness (CSR) model analysis showed that young trees, small trees, adult trees, big trees, and old trees were aggregated in the large scale (<60 m). Heterogeneous Poisson (HP) model was used to eliminate habitat heterogeneity. The results of HP model showed that the individual aggregation degree of each diameter class decreased, indicating that the distribution was affected by habitat heterogeneity. At the small scale (<40 m), spatial correlation was positively correlated between individuals with small diameter gap, whereas the spatial correlation was negative correlation and no correlation between individuals with large diameter gap. At large scale (>40 m), the spatial correlation was positively correlated between large-diameter individuals, but negatively correlated and unrelated between saplings and other diameter individuals. Our results indicated that biological cha-racteristics of Q. aliena var. acutiserrata and habitat heterogeneity were important drivers for the formation of population spatial pattern.


Assuntos
Quercus , China , Ecossistema , Florestas , Humanos , Árvores
19.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 900916, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36035406

RESUMO

Background: Abnormal lipid distribution is observed in patients with psoriasis, which increases their risk for atherosclerosis. Lipid-lowering drugs have a certain curative effect in the treatment of psoriasis, but there is no relevant evidence-based medical evaluation. Objective: The purpose of this systematic evaluation was to assess the efficacy, safety, and potential mechanisms of action of lipid-lowering drugs for the treatment of psoriasis. Methods: The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Clinical Trial, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database, and Wanfang Database were searched for relevant articles from inception to 31 December 2021. The RevMan 5.3 and Cochrane risk-of-bias tool were used for data analysis and risk assessment, respectively. The psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score is the primary outcome indicator in clinical studies. Based on preclinical studies, we elucidated and mapped the action mechanisms of lipid-lowering drugs in the treatment of psoriasis. Results: The study included eight randomized controlled studies, four single-arm studies, and four in vitro studies. The results showed that lipid-lowering drugs, particularly statins, administered both orally and topically, can significantly improve psoriatic skin lesions and reduce the PASI scores [standardized mean difference, (SMD): -0.94; 95% CI: [-1.58, -0.31]; p = 0.004]. Oral statins performed best at week eight (SMD: -0.92; 95% CI: [-1.39, -0.44]; p = 0.0001). The mechanism of lipid-lowering drugs in the treatment of psoriasis may be related to the inhibition of keratinocyte proliferation, inhibition of CCL20-CCR6 interaction, and reduction in the levels of inflammatory factors. Limitations: There are few studies on lipid-lowering drugs and psoriasis, and their small sample sizes may render the evidence unconvincing. Conclusion: The present findings suggest that lipid-lowering drugs are relieving symptoms in psoriasis. Lipid-lowering drugs, particularly statins, can be used to treat psoriasis with good efficacy and few side effects.

20.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(8)2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36005021

RESUMO

A ratiometric electrochemical biosensor based on a covalent organic framework (COFThi-TFPB) loaded with acetylcholinesterase (AChE) was developed. First, an electroactive COFThi-TFPB with a two-dimensional sheet structure, positive charge and a pair of inert redox peaks was synthesized via a dehydration condensation reaction between positively charged thionine (Thi) and 1,3,5-triformylphenylbenzene (TFPB). The immobilization of AChE on the positively charged electrode surface was beneficial for maintaining its bioactivity and achieving the best catalytic effect; therefore, the positively charged COFThi-TFPB was an appropriate support material for AChE. Furthermore, the COFThi-TFPB provided a stable internal reference signal for the constructed AChE inhibition-based electrochemical biosensor to eliminate various effects which were unrelated to the detection of carbaryl. The sensor had a linear range of 2.2-60 µM with a detection limit of 0.22 µM, and exhibited satisfactory reproducibility, stability and anti-interference ability for the detection of carbaryl. This work offers a possibility for the application of COF-based materials in the detection of low-level pesticide residues.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Acetilcolinesterase/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Carbaril , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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