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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(32): e21510, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of gout is increasing worldwide, and the symptoms of acute arthritis appearing in gout patients seriously affect the quality of life. The pain and functional limitation caused by acute gouty arthritis (AGA) bring great pain to patients. At present, mainstream drugs have problems such as poor efficacy and side effects. Traditional Chinese medicine has extensive clinical experience in the prevention and treatment of gout, and it also shows clear advantages in the treatment of AGA. Clinical studies have confirmed that si-miao-san decoction (SMSD), a traditional Chinese medicine decoction, can improve the clinical symptoms and signs of AGA patients. Therefore, we will conduct a systematic review to clarify the effectiveness and safety of SMSD for AGA. METHODS: We will search different database from the built-in to October 2020. The electronic database includes PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, WanFang, VIP, and CBM. At the same time, we will also search for clinical registration tests and gray literatures. This study only screened clinical randomized controlled trials (RCT) for SMSD for AGA. The 2 researchers independently conducted literature selection, data extraction, and quality assessment. Dichotomous data are represented by relative risk (RR), continuous data are represented by mean difference (MD) or standard mean deviation (SMD), and the final data are fixed effect model (FEM) or random effect model (REM), depending on whether it exists heterogeneity. The main outcomes are clinical efficacy, including pain score, joint function, and degree of swelling. The secondary outcomes include: blood uric acid (BUA), C-reactive protein (CRP), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Finally, a meta-analysis was conducted through Review Manager software version 5.3. RESULTS: This study will conduct a comprehensive analysis based on the currently released Si-Miao-San data for the treatment of AGA and provide high-quality evidence of clinical efficacy and safety. CONCLUSION: This systematic review aims to provide new options for SMSD treatment of AGA in terms of its efficacy and safety. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The review is based solely on a secondary study of published literatures and does not require ethics committee approval. Its conclusion will be disseminated in conference papers, magazines, or peer-reviewed journals. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202040163.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21442, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical diskectomy (P-PECD) can be used posterior microdiscectomy for cervical disc herniation. But only some small sample sizes of clinical studies have evaluated the efficacy and safety of P-PECD. This study aim to evaluated the efficacy and safety of P-PECD compared with traditional open surgery. METHODS: We will search the following seven electronic databases from their initiation to the May 1, 2020: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) and Wanfang database. All randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials and retrospective case controls that compared the efficacy and safety of P-PECD and traditional open surgery in the treatment of cervical disc herniation will be included. The pooled odds ratio with 95% credible intervals (CIs) was used for the dichotomous variables. The mean difference with 95% CIs was used for the continuous variables. All analyses were conducted by Comprehensive Meta Analysis 2.0. A 2-tailed P value < 0.05 is considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The results of systematic review and meta-analysis will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: Our study will provide clarity regarding for clinicians to choices best surgical approach for patients with cervical disc herniation. Any changes that need to be made during the process of this study will be explained in the final full-text publication. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020164011.

3.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 37(1): 870-878, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32689830

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to prepare a novel tumor-biotargeting high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) synergist for indirectly delivering lipid nanoparticles based on the targeting ability of Bifidobacterium longum to the hypoxic region of solid tumors. The effects of two different delivery methods on the imaging and treatment of solid tumors enhanced by lipid nanoparticles were compared. METHODS: Biotinylated lipid nanoparticles coated with PFH were prepared, cross-linked with B. longum in vitro using a streptavidin-conjugated B. longum antibody (SBA), and observed and detected by laser confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. Solid tumors were treated with HIFU and PFH/BL-NPs. The effects of different delivery methods on the tumor targeting and efficiency of retention of PFH/BL-NPs were observed using Small animal live imaging and frozen sections from small animals. RESULTS: The PFH/BL-NPs prepared in this study showed good biocompatibility and safety. PFH/BL-NPs and B. longum were cross-linked in a cluster-like manner (confocal laser scanning microscope) in vitro, with a cross-linking rate of 84 ± 6.23% (flow cytometry). The delivery of B. longum followed by that of PFH/BL-NPs not only enhanced the ability of PFH/BL-NPs to target solid tumors (small animal live imaging), but also increased the retention time of PFH/BL-NPs in the tumor (frozen slices), enhancing the effect of the HIFU synergist. CONCLUSION: Delivery of B. longum followed by that of PFH/BL-NPs can enhance the imaging of solid tumors and effectively improve the efficiency of HIFU treatment of solid tumors, providing a basis for further clinical work.

4.
Infection ; 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32725595

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has become a global public health concern; however, relatively few detailed reports of related cardiac injury are available. The aims of this study were to compare the clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of inpatients in the intensive-care unit (ICU) and non-ICU patients. METHODS: We recruited 416 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and divided them into two groups: ICU (n = 35) and non-ICU (n = 381). Medical histories, laboratory findings, and echocardiography data were compared. RESULTS: The levels of myocardial injury markers in ICU vs non-ICU patients were as follows: troponin I (0.029 ng/mL [0.007-0.063] vs 0.006 ng/mL [0.006-0.006]) and myoglobin (65.45 µg/L [39.77-130.57] vs 37.00 µg/L [26.40-53.54]). Echocardiographic findings included ventricular wall thickening (12 [39%] vs 1 [4%]), pulmonary hypertension (9 [29%] vs 0 [0%]), and reduced left-ventricular ejection fraction (5 [16%] vs 0 [0%]). Overall, 10% of the ICU patients presented with right heart enlargement, thickened right-ventricular wall, decreased right heart function, and pericardial effusion. Cardiac complications were more common in ICU patients, including acute cardiac injury (21 [60%] vs 13 [3%]) (including 2 cases of fulminant myocarditis), atrial or ventricular tachyarrhythmia (3 [9%] vs 3 [1%]), and acute heart failure (5 [14%] vs 0 [0%]). CONCLUSION: Myocardial injury marker elevation, ventricular wall thickening, pulmonary artery hypertension, and cardiac complications including acute myocardial injury, arrhythmia, and acute heart failure are more common in ICU patients with COVID-19. Cardiac injury in COVID-19 patients may be related more to the systemic response after infection rather than direct damage by coronavirus.

5.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-9, 2020 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Preeclampsia (PE) and fetal growth restriction (FGR) have abnormal placental implantation and endothelial dysfunction in common. However, their etiologies are not well understood. Both heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) and nitric oxide (NO) are suggested to play a major role in the regulation of maternal and fetoplacental hemodynamics. In this study, the association of PE with FGR and Hsp70 or NO was analyzed. METHODS: A total of 30 cases of PE, 25 cases of PE complicated with FGR and 50 cases of normal pregnant women were chose, and PE and normal animal models were constructed. Subsequently, the levels of Hsp70 and NO in serum and placental tissues of humans and animals were measured and compared. Further, rats were injected with pLV-NC-shRNA, pLV-Hsp70-shRNA, pLV-EFIa-NC, and pLV-EFIa-Hsp70, respectively, the weight of each conceptus, number of pups, fetal crown to tail length, total weight of the placenta/fetus unit, and the content of NO were analyzed. RESULTS: The expression of Hsp70 in serum and placental tissues of PE complicated with or without FGR group was increased, whereas the content of NO was decreased compared to the normal group. The fetal weight (FW) of the Hsp70 targeted suppression group was higher than the other two groups, whereas the placental weight (PW) was reversed. Also, NO synthase (NOS) expression was decreased in the Hsp70 over-expression group. CONCLUSIONS: We speculated that the enhancement of Hsp70 might be related to the development of PE combined with FGR through inhibiting the synthesis of NOS.

6.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643404

RESUMO

A new N-containing phenolic glycoside (1) and seven known compounds were isolated from the fruits of Capsicum annuum L. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods including MS, 1D and 2D NMR (HSQC, HMBC, 1H-1H COSY, etc.). The stereo configuration of the new compound was determined by comparison of the experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 1-8 were evaluated in vitro for their cytotoxic activities against HCT-116 cell line using Sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay, and the result showed only compound 6 displayed a weak inhibitory activity against HCT-116 (IC50 = 22.5 ± 3.3 mmol/mL).

7.
Gene ; 757: 144947, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659254

RESUMO

Forkhead box M1(FoxM1) played an important role in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer, but its downstream molecular network is mysterious. Here, we combined ChIP-seq with RNA-seq analysis and identified 687 FoxM1-binding regions and 182 genes regulated by FoxM1. The above data pointed out that KRT5 and KRT7 were downstream target genes of FoxM1. Next, we used qPCR and Western blot to verify that FoxM1 knockdown inhibited the expression levels of KRT5 and KRT7. We also demonstrated that FoxM1 regulated KRT5 and KRT7 genes expression through binding a consensus AP-2 cis element, and showed that KRT5 and KRT7 deficiency could prevent the migration but not proliferation of SK-OV-3 cells. Finally, tissue microarray results indicated that KRT5 and KRT7 were highly expressed in ovarian cancer and positively correlated with FoxM1 expression. TCGA database showed that high expression of KRT5 and KRT7 could significantly reduce the survival rate of patients with ovarian cancer. The above results clarify the specific downstream molecular network of FoxM1 to promote the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer, and provide a basis experiment for the judgment of ovarian cancer prognosis and the design of drug targets.

8.
BMC Urol ; 20(1): 78, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recurrent hematospermia accompanied by postejaculatory hematuria is a very rare phenomenon, has not been well understood in the clinical setting, and usually leads to misdiagnosis and mistreatment. The aim of this study was to summarize the clinical characteristics, etiologic diagnosis, and endoscopic treatment of hematospermia with postcoital hematuria. METHODS: We collected the clinical data from 39 patients of hematospermia with postcoital hematuria, who were admitted to our hospital from May 2014 to October 2019. The etiologic diagnostic process and endoscopic surgery were analyzed retrospectively, and we observed and evaluated the efficacy and any complications during follow-up. RESULTS: The average age of the 39 patients was 44.1 years (range, 18-61 years), and the disease history ranged from 1 month to 20 years, with a median duration of 24 months. All of the patients were observed by urethrocystoscopy, which showed 38 cases of posterior urethral hemangioma (PUH) or abnormal varicose vessels, and 1 case of anterior urethral hemangioma. Of these, 18 patients underwent transurethral resection of urethral hemangioma, and 21 patients underwent transurethral electrocauterization. Postoperative follow-up ranged from 1 to 56 months, with a median of 16 months. The symptoms disappeared in 37 patients and recurred in 2 patients two to 3 months after the operation. The two recurrent patients were treated again by transurethral electrocauterization, and their symptoms then disappeared. CONCLUSIONS: PUH is the most common cause of hematospermia with postejaculatory hematuria. Herein, we demonstrated that transurethral resection or electrocauterization provides a safe, effective, and minimally invasive method for the treatment of PUH.

9.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4151-4169, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606670

RESUMO

Purpose: Focused ultrasound (FUS) is a noninvasive method to produce thermal and mechanical destruction along with an immune-stimulatory effect against cancer. However, FUS ablation alone appears insufficient to generate consistent antitumor immunity. In this study, a multifunctional nanoparticle was designed to boost FUS-induced immune effects and achieve systemic, long-lasting antitumor immunity, along with imaging and thermal enhancement. Materials and Methods: PEGylated PLGA nanoparticles encapsulating astragalus polysaccharides (APS) and gold nanorods (AuNRs) were constructed by a simple double emulsion method, characterized, and tested for cytotoxicity. The abilities of PA imaging and thermal-synergetic ablation efficiency were analyzed in vitro and in vivo. The immune-synergistic effect on dendritic cell (DC) differentiation in vitro and the immune response in vivo were also evaluated. Results: The obtained APS/AuNR/PLGA-PEG nanoparticles have an average diameter of 255.00±0.1717 nm and an APS-loading efficiency of 54.89±2.07%, demonstrating their PA imaging capability and high biocompatibility both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, the as-prepared nanoparticles achieved a higher necrosis cell rate and induced apoptosis rate in an in vitro cell suspension assay, greater necrosis area and decreased energy efficiency factor (EEF) in an in vivo rabbit liver assay, and remarkable thermal-synergic performance. In particular, the nanoparticles upregulated the expression of MHC-II, CD80 and CD86 on cocultured DCs in vitro, followed by declining phagocytic function and enhanced interleukin (IL)-12 and interferon (INF)-γ production. Furthermore, they boosted the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-10, and IgG1 (P< 0.001) but not IgG2a. Immune promotion peaked on day 3 after FUS in vivo. Conclusion: The multifunctional APS/AuNR/PLGA-PEG nanoparticles can serve as an excellent synergistic agent for FUS therapy, facilitating real-time imaging, promoting thermal ablation effects, and boosting FUS-induced immune effects, which have the potential to be used for further clinical FUS treatment.

10.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568547

RESUMO

Materials with flat bands are considered as ideal platforms to explore strongly correlated physics such as the fractional quantum hall effect, high-temperature superconductivity, and more. In theory, a Kagome lattice with only nearest-neighbor hopping can give rise to a flat band. However, the successful fabrication of Kagome lattices is still very limited. Here, we provide a new design principle to construct the Kagome lattice by trapping atoms into Kagome arrays of potential valleys, which can be realized on a potassium-decorated phosphorus-gold surface alloy. Theoretical calculations show that the flat band is less correlated with the neighboring trivial electronic bands, which can be further isolated and dominate around the Fermi energy with increased Kagome lattice parameters of potassium atoms. Our results provide a new strategy for constructing Kagome lattices, which serve as an ideal platform to study topological and more general flat band phenomena.

11.
J Nurs Res ; 28(4): e107, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early-stage post-stroke depression (PSD) increases the risk of stroke-related disability and mortality in the first year of recovery. Presently available screening measures were developed to assess major depression, and none used a PSD screening criterion that was systematically developed and tested in populations of patients with acute stroke. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concurrent criterion validity and cutoff scoring of the Early Symptom Measurement of Post-Stroke Depression (ESM-PSD) instrument in hospitalized patients with acute stroke. METHODS: Purposive recruitment of newly admitted patients yielded a qualified sample of 139 nonaphasic participants who were 7-30 days post mild-to-moderate stroke confirmed by computed tomography and magnetic resonance images. Participants responded to the ESM-PSD and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression-24 (HAMD-24). RESULTS: The mean number of post-stroke days was 11.99 (SD = 7.68). Cronbach's alpha estimates of internal consistency were ESM-PSD = .90 and HAMD-24 = .76. ESM-PSD measurement sensitivity and specificity were superior. The following three ESM-PSD cutoff scores, determined by the receiver operating characteristic curve, were used to assess clinically relevant early-symptom levels: no PSD < 14.5, low PSD = 14.5-25.5, moderate PSD = 25.5-45.5, high PSD ≥ 45.5. CONCLUSION/IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: ESM-PSD cutoff scores show the expected correspondence with mild-moderate-severe HAMD-24 symptoms, which was evidenced by the high area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Planned follow-up research will assess the efficacy of using ESM-PSD scores to detect increased risk of major depression onset in patients with acute stroke.

12.
Lancet Digit Health ; 2(6): e323-e330, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501440

RESUMO

Background: The outbreak of COVID-19 has led to international concern. We aimed to establish an effective screening strategy in Shanghai, China, to aid early identification of patients with COVID-19. Methods: We did a multicentre, observational cohort study in fever clinics of 25 hospitals in 16 districts of Shanghai. All patients visiting the clinics within the study period were included. A strategy for COVID-19 screening was presented and then suspected cases were monitored and analysed until they were confirmed as cases or excluded. Logistic regression was used to determine the risk factors of COVID-19. Findings: We enrolled patients visiting fever clinics from Jan 17 to Feb 16, 2020. Among 53 617 patients visiting fever clinics, 1004 (1·9%) were considered as suspected cases, with 188 (0·4% of all patients, 18·7% of suspected cases) eventually diagnosed as confirmed cases. 154 patients with missing data were excluded from the analysis. Exposure history (odds ratio [OR] 4·16, 95% CI 2·74-6·33; p<0·0001), fatigue (OR 1·56, 1·01-2·41; p=0·043), white blood cell count less than 4 × 109 per L (OR 2·44, 1·28-4·64; p=0·0066), lymphocyte count less than 0·8 × 109 per L (OR 1·82, 1·00-3·31; p=0·049), ground glass opacity (OR 1·95, 1·32-2·89; p=0·0009), and having both lungs affected (OR 1·54, 1·04-2·28; p=0·032) were independent risk factors for confirmed COVID-19. Interpretation: The screening strategy was effective for confirming or excluding COVID-19 during the spread of this contagious disease. Relevant independent risk factors identified in this study might be helpful for early recognition of the disease. Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China.

13.
Cell Biol Int ; 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437045

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels in serum and bone tissues formed in avascular necrosis of femoral head (ANFH) patients were higher than those of normal individuals, indicating TNF-α might play a role in the pathogenesis of ANFH. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to show the pathological changes of ANFH bone tissues. TNF-α expression in normal and ANFH tissues was examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analyses. Osteoblast autophagy and apoptosis, as well as signaling pathways activation, were measured by their corresponding marker proteins. Osteoblast proliferation, autophagy, and apoptosis were evaluated using cell counting kit-8, transmission electron microscopy, and flow cytometry. The structures of bone tissues of ANFH were obviously damaged. TNF-α expression was significantly upregulated in ANFH bone tissues compared to normal tissues. Autophagy and apoptosis were remarkably promoted, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways were markedly activated in ANFH. Suppression of the p38 MAPK/NF-κB pathway significantly attenuated the TNF-α-induced autophagy, however, enhanced the TNF-α-induced apoptosis in osteoblasts. Increased TNF-α in ANFH regulated osteoblast autophagy and apoptosis by p38 MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathways, blocking the pathway by inhibitors exacerbated TNF-α-induced apoptosis through impairing autophagy flux.

14.
Anal Chem ; 92(11): 7816-7821, 2020 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32366086

RESUMO

Enrichment and enhancement are two important aspects of ultratrace biomolecule recognition in complex biological samples. Here we integrate acoustic aggregation of modified Au nanorods with Raman enhancement for all-in-one ultratrace rapid biomolecule detection in one microliter solution. Arising from the interaction between individual nanoparticles and the acoustic field, the aggregation of Au nanorods results in rapid migration of specifically modified Au nanorods toward pressure node in a few seconds and accompanies the enrichment of specific biomolecular. As a proof concept, rapid and sensitive surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) detection of nucleic acids (10-13 M) in microliter-scale (10-6 L) sample is achieved. Such an approach integrates ultrasonic aggregation-induced enrichment (uAIE) with Raman enhancement, holding considerable promise for efficient, sensitive, and rapid on-chip detection of ultratrace biomarkers in a clinical sample solution.

15.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(6): 1010-1017.e3, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376183

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop and validate a deep learning model based on routine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging obtained before uterine fibroid embolization to predict procedure outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data were collected on patients treated with uterine fibroid embolization at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania from 2007 to 2018. Fibroids for each patient were manually segmented by an abdominal radiologist on a T1-weighted contrast-enhanced (T1C) sequence and a T2-weighted sequence of MR imaging obtained before and after embolization. A residual convolutional neural network (ResNet) model to predict clinical outcome was trained using MR imaging obtained before the procedure. RESULTS: Inclusion criteria were met by 727 fibroids in 409 patients. At clinical follow-up, 85.6% (n = 350) of 409 patients (590 of 727 fibroids; 81.1%) experienced symptom resolution or improvement, and 14.4% (n = 59) of 409 patients (137 of 727 fibroids; 18.9%) had no improvement or worsening symptoms. The T1C trained model achieved a test accuracy of 0.847 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.745-0.914), sensitivity of 0.932 (95% CI, 0.833-0.978), and specificity of 0.462 (95% CI, 0.232-0.709). In comparison, the average of 4 radiologists achieved a test accuracy of 0.722 (95% CI, 0.609-0.813), sensitivity of 0.852 (95% CI, 0.737-0.923), and specificity of 0.135 (95% CI, 0.021-0.415). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that deep learning based on a ResNet model achieves good accuracy in predicting outcome of uterine fibroid embolization. If further validated, the model may help clinicians better identify patients who can most benefit from this therapy and aid clinical decision making.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 7772, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385414

RESUMO

High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been recently shown as a rapidly developing new technique for non-invasive ablation of local tumors whose therapeutic efficiency can be significantly improved by changing the tissue acoustic environment (AET). Currently, the method of changing AET is mainly to introduce a medium with high acoustic impedance, but there are some disadvantages such as low retention of the introduced medium in the target area and a short residence time during the process. In our strategy, anaerobic bacterium Bifidobacterium longum (B. longum) which can colonize selectively in hypoxic regions of the animal body was successfully localized and shown to proliferate in the hypoxic zone of tumor tissue, overcoming the above disadvantages. This study aimed to explore the effects of Bifidobacteria on AET (including the structure and acoustic properties of tumor tissues) and HIFU ablation at different time. The results show that the injection of Bifidobacteria increased the collagen fibre number, elastic modulus and sound velocity and decreased neovascularization in tumor tissues. The number of collagen fibres and neovascularization decreased significantly over time. Under the same HIFU irradiation intensity, the B. longum injection increased the coagulative necrosis volume and decreased the energy efficiency factor (EEF). This study confirmed that Bifidobacteria can change the AET and increase the deposition of ultrasonic energy and thereby the efficiency of HIFU. In addition, the time that Bifidobacteria stay in the tumor area after injection is an important factor. This research provides a novel approach for synergistic biologically targeted HIFU therapy.

17.
Neuroreport ; 31(9): 663-671, 2020 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427716

RESUMO

Effective therapeutic drugs for prevent or reverse the pathobiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have not been developed. Icariin (ICA), a prenylated flavonol glycoside derived from the traditional Chinese herb Epimedium sagittatum, exerts a variety of pharmacological activities and shows promise in the treatment and prevention of AD. This study investigated the neuroprotective effects of ICA in SAMP8 mice model of aspects of early AD and explored potential underlying mechanisms. Our results showed that intragastric administration of ICA could reverse the learning and memory impairment of SAMP8 mice in the Morris water maze. Western blot of hippocampal specimens revealed that ICA down-regulated the expression of BACE1 to reduce the expression of cytotoxic Aß1-42. Furthermore, ICA siginificantly increase the Bcl-2/Bax ratio by increasing the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, and decreasing the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bax, and thus inhibit neurons apoptosis. These findings indicate that ICA could improve cognitive deficits by reducing the deposition of ß1-42 and inhibition of neurons apoptosis and provide further evidence for the clinical efficacy of ICA in the treatment of AD.

18.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-7, 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436404

RESUMO

Oxidative stress (OS) has been proposed to play a role in the development of EMs. Peroxiredoxins are a family of antioxidant proteins that exhibit peroxidase activity in a thioredoxin-dependent manner, protecting cells against OS. The Western blotting results showed that the relative expression of PRDX4 was significantly increased in ectopic endometria compared with the normal endometria of EMs-free (p < .05). The H2O2 concentration was also significantly higher in the ectopic endometrium. PRDX4 siRNA was transfected into primary ectopic endometrial stromal cells (EESCs). The viability of the transfected EESCs was measured by CCK-8 assay, and the results showed significantly decreased cell viability. Furthermore, the apoptosis rate and ROS generation in flow cytometry assays were significantly increased after the knockdown of PRDX4 expression (p < .05). Scratch assays and transwell assays revealed that decreased expression of PRDX4 mediated by siRNA inhibited EESC migration and invasion. In conclusion, these findings indicate the potential role of PRDX4 in the development of EMs and PRDX4 as a possible therapeutic target for EMs treatment.

19.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 36(7): 632-635, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32308057

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a common gynecological disease affecting up to 10% of women at reproductive age. Prior combined studies implied that MYH8 mutations might exist in endometriosis. Here, 152 Han Chinese samples with ovarian endometriosis were analyzed for the presence of MYH8 mutations. Two heterozygous missense mutations in the MYH8 gene, c.1441A > C (p.I481L) and c.4057G > A (p.E1353K), were identified in our samples. These mutations were neither found in public databases nor detected in our 485 Han Chinese control women without endometriosis. The p.I481L-mutated sample belonged to 34-year-old, who had slightly elevated serum CA 125 (42.09 U/mL); while the sample with p.E1353K mutation belonged to 25 years old, who had a markedly increased serum CA125 (89.86 U/mL). The evolutionary conservation analysis results suggested that these MYH8 mutations caused highly conserved amino acid substitutions among vertebrate species. Both the mutations were predicted to be 'disease causing' by MutationTaster and SIFT programs. In addition, no association was observed between MYH8 mutations and the available clinical data. In summary, the present study identified two novel potential pathogenic mutations in the MYH8 gene in samples with ovarian endometriosis for the first time, implying that MYH8 mutations might play a positive role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis.

20.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 1871-1888, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256065

RESUMO

Purpose: The high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of tumors is inseparable from synergistic agents and image monitoring, but the existing synergistic agents have the defects of poor targeting and a single imaging mode, which limits the therapeutic effects of HIFU. The construction of a multifunctional biological targeting synergistic agent with high biosafety, multimodal imaging and targeting therapeutic performance has great significance for combating cancer. Methods: Multifunctional biological targeting synergistic agent consisting of Bifidobacterium longum (B. longum), ICG and PFH coloaded cationic lipid nanoparticles (CL-ICG-PFH-NPs) were constructed for targeting multimode imaging, synergistic effects with HIFU and imaging-guided ablation of tumors, which was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. Results: Both in vitro and in vivo systematical studies validated that the biological targeting synergistic agent can simultaneously achieve tumor-biotargeted multimodal imaging, HIFU synergism and multimodal image monitoring in HIFU therapy. Importantly, the electrostatic adsorption method and the targeting of B. longum to tumor tissues allow the CL-ICG-PFH-NPs to be retained in the tumor tissue, achieve the targeting ability of synergistic agent. Multimodal imaging chose the best treatment time according to the distribution of nanoparticles in the body to guide the efficient and effective treatment of HIFU. CL-ICG-PFH-NPs could serve as a phase change agent and form microbubbles that can facilitate HIFU ablation by mechanical effects, acoustic streaming and shear stress. This lays a foundation for the imaging and treatment of tumors. Conclusion: In this work, a biological targeting synergistic agent was successfully constructed with good stability and physicochemical properties. This biological targeting synergistic agent can not only provide information for early diagnosis of tumors but also realize multimodal imaging monitoring during HIFU ablation simultaneously with HIFU treatment, which improves the shortcomings of HIFU treatment and has broad application prospects.


Assuntos
Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Animais , Bifidobacterium longum , Corantes/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Fluorcarbonetos/química , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/química , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microbolhas , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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