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1.
Curr Mol Med ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649486

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The treatment of liver failure by stem cell transplantation has attracted growing interest. Herein, we aim to explore the role of sodium butyrate (NaB) in the hepatic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) under liver-specific factors induction in vitro and vivo. MATERIALS & METHODS: We isolated BM-MSCs from the mononuclear cell fraction of rabbit bone marrow samples, and identified the cells by Immunophenotypic analysis. We investigated the effects of different concentrations and induction conditions. The histone deacetylase inhibitor NaB induced hepatic differentiation of BM-MSCs under liver-specific factors induction in vitro. Morphological features, liver-specific gene and protein expression, and functional analyses in vitro and vivo were performed to evaluate the hepatic differentiation of BM-MSCs. RESULTS: Our results showed that pre-treated NaB inhibited the expression of liver-specific protein in a dose-dependent manner. The induction efficiency of NaB with 24h pre-treatment was higher than that of NaB continuous intervention. 0.5 mM 24h NaB pre-treated cells can improve liver tissue damage in vivo. And the liver ALB, AAT and the serum TP were significantly increased, while the serum ALT was significantly reduced. CONCLUSION: Continuous NaB treatment can inhibit BM-MSCs proliferation in a dose-dependent manner at a certain concentration range. 0.5 mM 24h pre-treatment of NaB enhanced differentiation of BM-MSCs into hepatocytes and improves liver injury in vitro and vivo.

2.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Partial bile duct ligation (PBDL) model is a reliable cholestatic fibrosis experimental model that showed complex histopathological changes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of PBDL have not been well characterized. PURPOSE: To investigate the potential of MRI parameters in assessing fibrosis in PBDL and explore the relationships between MRI and pathological features. ANIMAL MODEL: Established PBDL models. POPULATION: Fifty-four mice were randomly divided into four timepoints PBDL groups and one sham group. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3.0 T; MRI sequences included T1-weighted fast spin-echo (FSE), T2-weighted single shot FSE, variable flip angle T1 mapping, multi-echo SE T2 mapping, multi-echo gradient-echo T2* mapping, and multi-b-value diffusion-weighted imaging. ASSESSMENT: MRI examination was performed at the corresponding timepoints after surgery. Native T1, ΔT1 (T1native-T1post), T2, T2*, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values, histogram parameters (skewness and kurtosis), intravoxel incoherent motion parameters (f, D, and D* ) within the entire ligated (PBDL), non-ligated liver (PBDL), and whole liver (sham) were obtained. Fibrosis and inflammation were assessed in Masson and H&E staining slices using the Metavir and activity scoring system. STATISTICAL TESTS: One-way ANOVA, Spearman's rank correlation, and receiver operating characteristic curves were performed. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Fibrosis and inflammation were finally staged as F3 and A3 in ligated livers but were not observed in non-ligated or sham livers. Ligated livers displayed significantly elevated native T1, ΔT1, T2, and reduced ADC and T2* than other livers. Spearman's correlation showed better correlation with inflammation (r = 0.809) than fibrosis (r = 0.635) in T2 and both ΔT1 and ADC showed stronger correlation with fibrosis (r = 0.704 and r = -0.718) than inflammation (r = 0.564 and r = -0.550). Area under the curve (AUC) for ΔT1 performed the highest (0.896). When combined with all relative parameters, AUC increased to 0.956. DATA CONCLUSION: Multiparametric MRI can evaluate and differentiate pathological changes in PBDL. ΔT1 and ADC better correlated with fibrosis while T2 stronger with inflammation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.

3.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(6): 1010-1017.e3, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376183

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop and validate a deep learning model based on routine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging obtained before uterine fibroid embolization to predict procedure outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data were collected on patients treated with uterine fibroid embolization at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania from 2007 to 2018. Fibroids for each patient were manually segmented by an abdominal radiologist on a T1-weighted contrast-enhanced (T1C) sequence and a T2-weighted sequence of MR imaging obtained before and after embolization. A residual convolutional neural network (ResNet) model to predict clinical outcome was trained using MR imaging obtained before the procedure. RESULTS: Inclusion criteria were met by 727 fibroids in 409 patients. At clinical follow-up, 85.6% (n = 350) of 409 patients (590 of 727 fibroids; 81.1%) experienced symptom resolution or improvement, and 14.4% (n = 59) of 409 patients (137 of 727 fibroids; 18.9%) had no improvement or worsening symptoms. The T1C trained model achieved a test accuracy of 0.847 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.745-0.914), sensitivity of 0.932 (95% CI, 0.833-0.978), and specificity of 0.462 (95% CI, 0.232-0.709). In comparison, the average of 4 radiologists achieved a test accuracy of 0.722 (95% CI, 0.609-0.813), sensitivity of 0.852 (95% CI, 0.737-0.923), and specificity of 0.135 (95% CI, 0.021-0.415). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that deep learning based on a ResNet model achieves good accuracy in predicting outcome of uterine fibroid embolization. If further validated, the model may help clinicians better identify patients who can most benefit from this therapy and aid clinical decision making.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Diagnóstico por Computador , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Leiomioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Leiomioma/terapia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Embolização da Artéria Uterina , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Uterinas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Philadelphia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Cell Biol Int ; 44(9): 1881-1889, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437045

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels in serum and bone tissues formed in avascular necrosis of femoral head (ANFH) patients were higher than those of normal individuals, indicating TNF-α might play a role in the pathogenesis of ANFH. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to show the pathological changes of ANFH bone tissues. TNF-α expression in normal and ANFH tissues was examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analyses. Osteoblast autophagy and apoptosis, as well as signaling pathways activation, were measured by their corresponding marker proteins. Osteoblast proliferation, autophagy, and apoptosis were evaluated using cell counting kit-8, transmission electron microscopy, and flow cytometry. The structures of bone tissues of ANFH were obviously damaged. TNF-α expression was significantly upregulated in ANFH bone tissues compared to normal tissues. Autophagy and apoptosis were remarkably promoted, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways were markedly activated in ANFH. Suppression of the p38 MAPK/NF-κB pathway significantly attenuated the TNF-α-induced autophagy, however, enhanced the TNF-α-induced apoptosis in osteoblasts. Increased TNF-α in ANFH regulated osteoblast autophagy and apoptosis by p38 MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathways, blocking the pathway by inhibitors exacerbated TNF-α-induced apoptosis through impairing autophagy flux.


Assuntos
Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Cabeça do Fêmur/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Adulto , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Autofagia/fisiologia , Feminino , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/metabolismo , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/fisiologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
5.
Stem Cells Int ; 2018: 9612512, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30405726

RESUMO

Demethylating agent zebularine is reported to be capable of inducing differentiation of stem cells by activation of methylated genes, though its function in hepatocyte differentiation is unclear. p38 signal pathway is involved in differentiation of hepatocytes and regulating of DNA methyltransferases 1 (DNMT1) expression. However, little is known about the impact of zebularine on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) and p38 signaling during hepatic differentiation. The present study investigated the effects of zebularine on hepatic differentiation of rabbit BMMSCs, as well as the role of p38 on DNMT1 and hepatic differentiation, with the aim of developing a novel strategy for improving derivation of hepatocytes. BMMSCs were treated with zebularine at concentrations of 10, 20, 50, and 100 µM in the presence of hepatocyte growth factor; changes in the levels of hepatic-specific alpha-fetoprotein and albumin were detected and determined by RT-PCR, WB, and immunofluorescence staining. Expression of DNMT1 and phosphorylated p38 as well as urea production and ICG metabolism was also analyzed. Zebularine at concentrations of 10, 20, and 50 µM could not affect cell viability after 48 h. Zebularine treatment leads to an inhibition of DNMT activity and increase of hepatic-specific proteins alpha-fetoprotein and albumin in BMMSCs in vitro; zebularine addition also induced expression of urea production of and ICG metabolism. p38 signal was activated in BMMSCs simulated with HGF; inhibition of p38 facilitated the synthesis of DNMT1 and albumin in cells. Zebularine restrained DNMT1 and phosphorylated p38 which were induced by HGF. Therefore, this study demonstrated that treatment with zebularine exhibited terminal hepatic differentiation of BMMSCs in vitro in association with hepatocyte growth factor; p38 pathway at least partially participates in zebularine-induced hepatic differentiation of rabbit BMMSCs.

6.
Life Sci ; 215: 57-63, 2018 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30473025

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the effect of zebularine, a stable inhibitor of DNA methylation, on hepatic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) under liver-specific factors induction in vitro. MAIN METHODS: BM-MSCs were isolated from the mononuclear cell fraction of rabbit bone marrow samples. The identification of these cells was carried out by immunophenotype analysis. The three hepatic differentiation protocols of BM-MSCs were as follows: liver-specific factors (hepatocyte growth factor and epidermal growth factor) without zebularine, liver-specific factors combined with a 24 h zebularine pre-treatment, and liver-specific factors combined with continuous zebularine treatment. BM-MSCs cultured in basic medium without the differentiation stimuli were set as the control. Morphological features, liver-specific gene and protein expression, and functional analyses were assessed to evaluate hepatic differentiation of BM-MSCs. Global DNA methylation status was tested for investigating the underlying mechanism. KEY FINDINGS: Flow cytometry immunophenotyping proved the isolated cells with plastic adherence and a spindle shape were CD29, CD90 positive and CD34, CD45 negative. Albumin (ALB) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) messenger RNA and protein expression, glycogen storage and urea production were significantly higher in the continuous zebularine-treated group than the other groups while the differences between the zebularine-untreated group and 24 h zebularine pre-treated group were not significant. Meanwhile, significant decrease of global DNA methylation was observed in the continuous zebularine-treated group. SIGNIFICANCE: We conclude that continuous zebularine treatment can improve hepatic differentiation of BM-MSCs under liver-specific factors induction in vitro, and the decrease of global DNA methylation maybe involved in this process.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Citidina/análogos & derivados , Fígado/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Meios de Cultura , Citidina/administração & dosagem , Metilação de DNA , Citometria de Fluxo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Glicogênio/química , Imunofenotipagem , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Coelhos , Fatores de Tempo , Ureia/química
7.
PLoS One ; 9(8): e105796, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25144187

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Transdifferentiation of human Tenon fibroblasts to myofibroblasts and subsequent deposition of extracellular matrix is a key step in the scarring after glaucoma filtration surgery. The p38 signaling pathway plays an important role in cell proliferation and differentiation, and its upstream regulators and downstream molecules are widely distributed in the eye. We aimed to investigate the role of p38 in the activation of Tenon fibroblasts and that of the anti-fibrotic mechanism of rosiglitazone in the modulation of the p38 signaling pathway. METHODS: Cultured Tenon fibroblasts were stimulated with transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1. Activation of p38 was examined by western blot analysis. Rosiglitazone and blocking of the p38 signaling pathway by SB203580 were used to antagonize stimulation by TGF-ß1. Fibroblast motility was examined by wound closure assay; alpha-smooth muscle actin, connective tissue growth factor, and collagen type I were determined by qPCR and western blot. Expression and localization of alpha-smooth muscle actin were determined by immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Phosphorylated p38 was upregulated in fibroblasts stimulated with TGF-ß1, and this effect was substantially inhibited by rosiglitazone. Proliferation and migration of fibroblasts were suppressed by rosiglitazone and SB203580. Expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin, connective tissue growth factor, and collagen type I were decreased at the mRNA and protein levels by rosiglitazone and SB203580. However, the inhibitory effect of SB203580 on transcription and protein expression was weaker than that of rosiglitazone. Similar phenomena were found on immunofluorescence microscopy of alpha-smooth muscle actin. CONCLUSIONS: The p38 signaling pathway mediates the TGF-ß1-induced transdifferentiation of human Tenon fibroblasts to myofibroblasts. Rosiglitazone can exert anti-fibrotic activity by interfering with the TGF-ß/p38 signaling pathway and might be useful for modulating scar formation after glaucoma filtration surgery.


Assuntos
Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Cápsula de Tenon/metabolismo , Tiazolidinedionas/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Transdiferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Humanos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Miofibroblastos/citologia , Piridinas/farmacologia , Rosiglitazona , Cápsula de Tenon/citologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores
8.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 6(2): 165-8, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23638417

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate anatomical and visual outcomes of episcleral macular buckling (EMB) for posterior retinal detachment in silicone oil filled eyes associated with myopic macular hole. METHODS: Five cases of EMB for initial failure of retinal reattachment after internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling and silicone oil tamponade caused by myopic macular hole were retrospectively reviewed. A silicone sponge sutured directly across the macular region was performed on the silicone oil filled eyes. Silicone oil was removed no sooner than 1 month post-EMB. The duration of follow-up time after removal of silicone oil was more than 3 months. RESULTS: Retinas of five eyes were all reattached at the last follow-up. The postoperative vision ranged from counting fingers to 0.08. CONCLUSION: Anatomical results improved after EBM for posterior retinal detachment in silicone oil filled eyes associated with myopic macular hole, which was not evident for visual outcome.

9.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 5(4): 482-7, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22937510

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the efficacy of prophylactic vitrectomy for acute retinal necrosis syndrome(ARN) with routine treatment in Chinese patients, thereby investigate the necessity of prophylactic vitrectomy for ARN. METHODS: Thirty patients (37 eyes) were retrospectively included in this study. The eyes were divided into 2 groups by treatment, including routine treatment, which consisted of antiviral medication and vitrectomy after retinal detachment (RD) (n=21), and prophylactic vitrectomy, which consisted of antiviral medication and vitrectomy for the prevention of RD performed during the active inflammatory phase (n=16). The extent of necrosis was determined by fundus photographs at the time of presentation (for eyes with mild vitreous opacity) or the drawings in the operation records. Necrosis of the 37 eyes was divided into 3 grades, including peripheral, middle-peripheral and extensive. The follow-up period ranged from 8 to 57 months. Differences in visual acuity and necrosis between groups were identified using independent samples t-test. RESULTS: Necrosis was more extensive in the routine treatment group than in the prophylactic vitrectomy group (P<0.05). In the routine treatment group, conservative treatment improved necrosis and prevented RD in 6 eyes (29%). Seven eyes (33%) obtained anatomical success, but retinal redetachment occurred in 8 eyes (57%). There were also 5 eyes (24%) developed ocular hypotony or atrophy. Ten eyes (48%) achieved equal or increased visual acuity. In the prophylactic vitrectomy group, RD occurred in 2 eyes (13%). Twelve eyes (75%) were completely anatomically successful, and 10 eyes underwent silicone oil removal. Only one eye (6%) became ocular hypotony. Fourteen eyes (88%) achieved equal or increased visual acuity. The prophylactic vitrectomy group achieved better vision trends than the routine treatment group (P<0.05). Eyes with peripheral necrosis had better visual outcomes than those with mid-peripheral (P<0.05) or extensive (P<0.05) necrosis. However, there was no significant difference between eyes with mid-peripheral and extensive necrosis (P=0.3008) CONCLUSION: Prophylactic vitrectomy can prevent RD and improve the prognosis of ARN, making it an option for cases with rapidly progressing necrosis despite antiviral treatment and cases with moderate to extensive necrosis and severe vitreous opacity.

10.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 5(3): 329-33, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22773982

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the repeatability of central corneal thickness (CCT) measurement by entacam, and agreement of CCT measured by Pentacam and ultrasound pachymetry (USP) in Chinese myopia. Thereby investigate the possibility of Pentacam as a substitute for USP in CCT measurement before refractive surgery. The effects of corneal curvature measured by Pentacam on CCT were also evaluated. METHODS: One hundred and forty-eight right eyes of 148 individual with myopia were included in this study. Three successive Pentacam CCT measurements followed by 10 successive ultrasound pachymetry were carried out in the 148 eyes. Mean of CCT taken by each device was calculated for comparison. According to the CCT measured by USP, all the 148 eyes were divided into 3 groups: <520µm, 520-560µm, >560µm. For all eyes and each group the CCT obtained by Pentacam and USP were compared. Anterior corneal curvature of the 148 eyes was also adopted for correlation analysis with CCT obtained by ultrasound pachymetry. In addition, CCT measurement using 60 random selected Scheimpflug images was performed by 3 skilled investigators at different time, and this was repeated for 3 times by a forth investigator to assess repeatability of Pentacam CCT measurement using Scheimpflug images. RESULTS: Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) analysis revealed high intraobserver repeatability (ICC=0.994, F=158.60, P<0.001) for CCT measurement by Pentacam. The interobserver (ICC=0.998, F=494.73, P<0.001) and intraobserver (ICC=0.997, F=383.98, P<0.001) repeatability for Pentacam CCT measurements using Scheimpflug images were also excellent. There was high positive correlation between the CCT values measured by Pentacam and ultrasound pachymetry (r=0.963, P<0.001). Bland-altman plots showed that the Pentacam underestimate the CCT by 8.02µm compared with ultrasouond pachymetry. The differences between Pentacam and USP increased as the CCT readings by USP increased (Pentacam vs USP: slope=-0.04, P<0.05). The 95% upper and lower limits of agreement between CCT values obtained from the two devices were +9.33µm and -25.37µm. No significant association could be found between CCT and anterior corneal curvature. CONCLUSION: Inter- and intraobserver variability for CCT measurements by Pentacam was considerably below clinically significant levels. CCT of myopia obtained by Scheimpflug camera, Pentacam, were highly correlated to that by ultrasound pachymetry. However, the values obtained are not directly interchangeable between Pentacam and ultrasound pachymetry as the 95% limits of agreement are relatively wide. Pentacam can be a useful instrument for measuring CCT in candidates to refractive surgery in clinic.

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