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1.
Environ Pollut ; 320: 121020, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36632970

RESUMO

Metabolomic and gut microbial responses of soil fauna to environmentally relevant concentrations of microplastics indicate the potential molecular toxicity of microplastics; however, limited data exist on these responses. In this study, earthworms (Eisenia fetida) were exposed to spherical (25-30 µm diameter) polystyrene microplastic-contaminated soil (0.02%, w:w) for 14 days. Changes in weight, survival rate, intestinal microbiota and metabolic responses of the earthworms were assessed. The results showed that polystyrene microplastics did not influence the weight, survival rate, or biodiversity of the gut microbiota, but significantly decreased the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes at the phylum level. Moreover, polystyrene microplastics disturbed the osmoregulatory metabolism of earthworms, as indicated by the significantly decreased betaine, myo-inositol and lactate, and increased 2-hexyl-5-ethyl-furan-3-sulfonic acid at the metabolic level. This study provides important insights into the molecular toxicity of environmentally relevant concentrations of polystyrene microplastics on soil fauna.

2.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 100, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609564

RESUMO

Highly dispersed metal sites on the surface of silica, achieved from immobilization of metal precursor within hydroxyl groups, has gained increasing attention in the field of heterogeneous catalyst. However, the special role of adsorbed water derived by hydroxyl groups on the silica is generally ignored. Herein, a new understanding of adsorbed water on the formation of highly dispersed tetrahedral Co(II) (Td-cobalt(II)) sites is illustrated. It is indicated that sufficient adsorbed water induces the transformation of precursor of Co(NO3)2 into intermediate of [Co(H2O)6]2+. Subsequently, [Co(H2O)6]2+ makes the highly dispersed Td-cobalt(II) sites to be available during direct H2-reduction process. A systematic characterization and DFT calculation prove the existence of the adsorbed water and the importance of the intermediate of [Co(H2O)6]2+, respectively. The as-synthesized catalyst is attempted to the propane dehydrogenation, which shows better reactivity when compared with other reported Co based catalysts.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36554610

RESUMO

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), recognized worldwide as emerging pollutants, may pose a substantial threat to human health and our environment due to their stability, high concentrations, wide distribution, and easy accumulation. Ever since perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoic acid were recognized by the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the public has become increasingly concerned about potential contamination and the environmental risks associated with PFASs. Ubiquitous PFAS contamination of drinking water, groundwater, surface water, and sediment has been detected, especially in areas with rapid industrial and economic development. Its accumulation in living organisms and foods has accentuated the importance of investigations into aquatic organisms at the bottom of the food chain, as the stability and integrity of the food web as well as the population quantity and structure of the aquatic ecosystem may be affected. This review provides a comprehensive summary of the toxic and toxicity-related effects of PFASs on aquatic plankton, aquatic invertebrates and microorganisms, the characteristics of different target aquatic organisms in toxicity investigations, and a feasibility evaluation of PFAS substitutes to provide valuable suggestions for further utilization and regulation of PFASs and their substitutes.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Água Potável , Fluorcarbonetos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Humanos , Ecossistema , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Invertebrados , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/análise , Organismos Aquáticos , Fluorcarbonetos/toxicidade , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Plâncton
4.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0353922, 2022 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36475778

RESUMO

Protein acetylation can quickly modify the physiology of bacteria to respond to changes in environmental or nutritional conditions, but little information on these modifications is available in rhizobia. In this study, we report the lysine acetylome of Azorhizobium caulinodans strain ORS571, a model rhizobium isolated from stem nodules of the tropical legume Sesbania rostrata that is capable of fixing nitrogen in the free-living state and during symbiosis. Antibody enrichment and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis were used to characterize the acetylome. There are 2,302 acetylation sites from 982 proteins, accounting for 20.8% of the total proteins. Analysis of the acetylated motifs showed the preferences for the amino acid residues around acetylated lysines. The response regulator CheY1, previously characterized to be involved in chemotaxis in strain ORS571, was identified as an acetylated protein, and a mutation of the acetylated site of CheY1 significantly impaired the strain's motility. In addition, a Zn+-dependent deacetylase (AZC_0414) was characterized, and the construction of a deletion mutant strain showed that it played a role in chemotaxis. Our study provides the first global analysis of lysine acetylation in ORS571, suggesting that acetylation plays a role in various physiological processes. In addition, we demonstrate its involvement in the chemotaxis process. The acetylome of ORS571 provides insights to investigate the regulation mechanism of rhizobial physiology. IMPORTANCE Acetylation is an important modification that regulates protein function and has been found to regulate physiological processes in various bacteria. The physiology of rhizobium A. caulinodans ORS571 is regulated by multiple mechanisms both when free living and in symbiosis with the host; however, the regulatory role of acetylation is not yet known. Here, we took an acetylome-wide approach to identify acetylated proteins in A. caulinodans ORS571 and performed clustering analyses. Acetylation of chemotaxis proteins was preliminarily investigated, and the upstream acetylation-regulating enzyme involved in chemotaxis was characterized. These findings provide new insights to explore the physiological mechanisms of rhizobia.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 859(Pt 1): 160186, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379346

RESUMO

This study investigated the bioremediation of PAHs in soil by two different microbial inoculants prepared with Paracoccus aminovorans HPD-2 and the carrier humic acid (HA) or montmorillonite (Mont). After incubation for 42 d, the greatest removal of PAHs, 42.8 % or 41.6 %, was observed in microcosms with 0.2 % HA inoculant or 2 % Mont inoculant. The PAH removal efficiency in these treatments was significantly greater than that in soil amended only with planktonic HPD-2. Bacterial community analysis showed that the survival of Paracoccus aminovorans was enhanced in the treatments with Mont inoculant compared with the treatments with HA inoculant or with HPD-2 alone. Moreover, the diversity of PAH-degrading bacterial genera was greater in the treatments containing Mont inoculant than in the treatments containing HA inoculant. These results indicate that the organic material HA and inorganic material Mont promote PAH removal in different ways. Specifically, HA promotes PAHs bioavailability to accelerate the degradation of PAHs in soil, whereas Mont protects PAH-degrading microorganisms to promote pollutant removal. Overall, the findings suggest that HA and Mont are promising materials for microbial immobilization for the bioremediation of PAH-contaminated soil.

6.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 636(Pt 2): 55-61, 2022 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347172

RESUMO

Ubiquitination is an important post-translational modification that regulates multiple cellular activities in plants including environmental stress responses. In addition to activity of ubiquitin ligases, the activity of deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) is critical for modulating the optimal ubiquitination status of target proteins in response to environmental stimuli. However, while several ubiquitin ligases have been isolated to date, little is known about the DUBs involved in plant stress responses. Here, we report that two DUBs, UBP12 and UBP13, function in response to disrupted carbon (C)/nitrogen (N)-nutrient stress conditions in Arabidopsis. Knockdown of UBP12 and UBP13 expression resulted in hypersensitivity to high C/low N-nutrient stress conditions, whereas overexpression of UBP13 reduced the sensitivity. Additionally, UBP13 physically interacted with and deubiquitinated the ubiquitin ligase ATL31, a key regulator of plant resistance to high C/low N-nutrient stress conditions. Genetic analysis showed that the loss of ATL31 and its homolog ATL6 suppressed the high C/low N-hyposensitivity of UBP13-overexpressing plants, suggesting that ATL31 is epistatic to UBP12 and UBP13. Taken together, our results suggest that the DUBs UBP12 and UBP13 function together with the ubiquitin ligase ATL31 to mediate C/N-nutrient stress responses in plants.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Ubiquitinação , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Nutrientes , Enzimas Desubiquitinantes/metabolismo , Endopeptidases/metabolismo
7.
NAR Genom Bioinform ; 4(4): lqac080, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330044

RESUMO

Arsenic (As) is the most ubiquitous toxic metalloid in nature. Microbe-mediated As metabolism plays an important role in global As biogeochemical processes, greatly changing its toxicity and bioavailability. While metagenomic sequencing may advance our understanding of the As metabolism capacity of microbial communities in different environments, accurate metagenomic profiling of As metabolism remains challenging due to low coverage and inaccurate definitions of As metabolism gene families in public orthology databases. Here we developed a manually curated As metabolism gene database (AsgeneDB) comprising 400 242 representative sequences from 59 As metabolism gene families, which are affiliated with 1653 microbial genera from 46 phyla. AsgeneDB achieved 100% annotation sensitivity and 99.96% annotation accuracy for an artificial gene dataset. We then applied AsgeneDB for functional and taxonomic profiling of As metabolism in metagenomes from various habitats (freshwater, hot spring, marine sediment and soil). The results showed that AsgeneDB substantially improved the mapping ratio of short reads in metagenomes from various environments. Compared with other databases, AsgeneDB provides more accurate, more comprehensive and faster analysis of As metabolic genes. In addition, we developed an R package, Asgene, to facilitate the analysis of metagenome sequencing data. Therefore, AsgeneDB and the associated Asgene package will greatly promote the study of As metabolism in microbial communities in various environments.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36449237

RESUMO

Soil washing is one of the effective methods for permanent removal of heavy metals from farmland soil, and selection of washing agents determines heavy metal removal efficiency. However, there is still a lack of cost-efficient and eco-friendly washing agents. In this study, three residues of traditional Chinese herbal medicine (RTCHM) extracts: residues of Prunus mume (Sieb.) Sieb. et Zucc. (RPM), residues of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. (RSC), and residues of Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge (RCP), were tested for their potential of Cd removal. The variations in amounts and compositions of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and citric acid were responsible for the difference in Cd removal efficiencies of RTCHM extracts. Fourier-transform infrared spectrophotometer (FTIR) analysis showed that hydroxyl, carboxyl, and amine were the main functional groups of RTCHM extracts to chelate with heavy metals. The optimum conditions for RTCHM extracts were 100 g L-1 concentration, solid-liquid ratio 1:10, pH 2.50, and contact time of 1 h, and the highest Cd removal efficiencies of RPM, RSC, and RCP extracts reached 35%, 11%, and 15%, respectively. The ecological risk of Cd decreased significantly due to the decrease of exchangeable and reducible Cd fractions. RTCHM extracts washing alleviated soil alkalinity and had little effect on soil cation exchange capacity. Meanwhile, the concentrations of soil organic matter and nitrogen were enhanced significantly by RPM extracts and the activities of soil catalase and urease were also improved. Overall, among the tested extracts, RPM extracts was a much more feasible and environment-friendly washing agent for the remediation of Cd-contaminated farmland soil.

9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2022 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36196013

RESUMO

The competitive adsorption behavior, the synergistic catalytic reaction, and deactivation mechanisms under double components of sulfur-containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are a bridge to solve their actual pollution problems. However, they are still unknown. Herein, simultaneous catalytic decomposition of methyl mercaptan (CH3SH) and ethyl mercaptan (C2H5SH) is investigated over lanthanum (La)-modified ZSM-5, and kinetic and thermodynamic results confirm a great difference in the adsorption property and catalytic transformation behavior. Meanwhile, the new synergistic reaction and deactivation mechanisms are revealed at the molecular level by combining with in situ diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy (in situ DRIFTS) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The CH3CH2* and SH* groups are presented in decomposing C2H5SH, while the new species of CH2*, active H* and S*, instead of CH3* and SH*, are proved as the key elementary groups in decomposing CH3SH. The competitive recombining of SH* in C2H5SH with highly active H* in dimethyl sulfide (CH3SCH3), an intermediate in decomposing CH3SH, would aggravate the deposition of carbon and sulfur. La/ZSM-5 exhibits potential environmental application due to the excellent stability of 200 h and water resistance. This work gives an understanding of the adsorption, catalysis, reaction, and deactivation mechanisms for decomposing double components of sulfur-containing VOCs.

10.
ACS Nano ; 16(10): 17157-17167, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36200753

RESUMO

Nanoplastics are ubiquitous in ecosystems and impact planetary health. However, our current understanding on the impacts of nanoplastics upon terrestrial plants is fragmented. The lack of systematic approaches to evaluating these impacts limits our ability to generalize from existing studies and perpetuates regulatory barriers. Here, we undertook a meta-analysis to quantify the overall strength of nanoplastic impacts upon terrestrial plants and developed a machine learning approach to predict adverse impacts and identify contributing features. We show that adverse impacts are primarily associated with toxicity metrics, followed by plant species, nanoplastic mass concentration and size, and exposure time and medium. These results highlight that the threats of nanoplastics depend on a diversity of reactions across molecular to ecosystem scales. These reactions are rooted in both the spatial and functional complexities of nanoplastics and, as such, are specific to both the plastic characteristics and environmental conditions. These findings demonstrate the utility of interrogating the diversity of toxicity data in the literature to update both risk assessments and evidence-based policy actions.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Ecossistema , Plásticos
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 852: 158405, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058326

RESUMO

Carbon nanotubes have displayed great potential in enhancing phytoremediation of PAHs polluted soils. However, the response of plants to the coexistence of carbon nanotubes and PAHs and the associated influencing mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, the effect of carbon nanotubes on alfalfa growth and pyrene uptake under exposure to pyrene was evaluated through sand culture experiment and gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometer (GC-TOF-MS) based metabolomics. Results showed that pyrene at 10 mg kg-1 obviously reduced the shoot fresh weight of alfalfa by 18.3 %. Multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) at 25 and 50 mg kg-1 significantly enhanced the shoot fresh weight in a dose-dependent manner, nearly by 80 % at 50 mg kg-1. Pyrene was mainly accumulated in alfalfa roots, in which the concentration was 35 times as much as that in shoots. MWCNTs greatly enhanced the accumulation of pyrene in alfalfa roots, almost by two times at 50 mg kg-1, while decreased pyrene concentration in shoots, from 0.11 mg kg-1 to 0.044 mg kg-1 at MWCNTs concentration of 50 mg kg-1. Metabolomics data revealed that pyrene at 10 mg kg-1 trigged significant metabolic changes in alfalfa root exudates, downregulating 27 metabolites. MWCNTs generated an increase in the contents of some downregulated metabolites caused by pyrene stress, which were restored to the original level or even higher, mainly including organic acids and amino acids. MWNCTs significantly enriched some metabolic pathways positively correlated with shoot growth and pyrene accumulation in shoots under exposure to pyrene, including TCA cycle, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, cysteine and methione metabolism as well as alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism. This work highlights the regulation effect of MWCNTs on the metabolism of root exudates, which are helpful for alfalfa to alleviate the stress from pyrene contamination.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Carbono , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes do Solo , Medicago sativa , Nanotubos de Carbono/toxicidade , Areia , Cisteína/metabolismo , Ácido Aspártico , Pirenos/metabolismo , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Glioxilatos/metabolismo , Glioxilatos/farmacologia , Alanina/metabolismo , Alanina/farmacologia , Glutamatos
12.
J Environ Manage ; 324: 116336, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162317

RESUMO

Particulate cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) are ubiquitous in agricultural soils of Pb-Zn mining regions. Water management serves as an important agronomic measure altering the bioavailability of Zn and Cd in soils, but how this affects particulate Cd and Zn and the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Microcosm soil incubation combined with spectroscopic and microscopic characterization was conducted. During a two-year-long incubation period we observed that the concentrations of soil CaCl2-extractable Zn and Cd increased 3-10 times in sphalerite-spiked soils and 1-2 times in smithsonite-spiked soils under periodic flooding conditions due to the long-term dissolution of sphalerite (SP) and smithsonite (SM). However, the increase in the concentration of CaCl2-extractable metals (Zn: from 0.607 mg kg-1 to 1.051 mg kg-1 and Cd: from 0.047 mg kg-1 to 0.119 mg kg-1) was found only in SP-treatment under continuous flooding conditions, indicating the mobilization of metals. Ultrafiltration analysis shows that the nanoparticulate fraction of Zn and Cd in soil pore water increased 5 and 7 times in SP-treatments under continuous flooding conditions, suggesting the increment of metal pools in soil pore water. HRTEM-EDX-SAED further reveals that these nanoparticles were mainly crystalline ZnS and Zn-bearing sulfate nanoparticles in the SP-treatment and amorphous ZnCO3 and ZnS nanoparticles in the SM-treatment. Therefore, the formation of the stable crystalline Zn-bearing nanoparticles in the SP-treatment may explain the elevation of the concentration of soil CaCl2-extractable Zn and Cd under continuous flooding. The potential mobility of particulate metals should therefore be expected in scenarios of continuous flooding such as paddy soils and wetland systems.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/química , Solo/química , Zinco/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Água/análise , Cloreto de Cálcio , Ácidos , Abastecimento de Água , Metais Pesados/análise
13.
Chemosphere ; 308(Pt 3): 136589, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162513

RESUMO

Chemical weathering of carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn mines via acid-promoted or oxidative dissolution generates metal-bearing colloids at neutral mine drainage sites. However, the mobility and bioavailability of the colloids associated with metals in nearby soils are unknown. Here, we monitored the mobility of metal(loid)s in soils affected by aeolian deposition and river transport in the vicinity of a carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn mine. Using chemical extraction, ultrafiltration, and microscopic and spectroscopic analysis of metals we find that contamination levels of the soil metals cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) were negatively correlated with metal extractability. However, nano-scale characterization indicates that colloid-metal(loid) interactions induced potential mobilization and increased risk from metal(loid)s. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and HRTEM-EDX-SAED analysis further indicate that organic matter (OM)-rich nano-colloids associated with calcium (Ca), silicon (Si) and iron (Fe) precipitates accounted for the majority of the dissolved metal fractions in carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn mine soils. More stable nano-crystals (ZnS, ZnCO3, Zn-bearing sulfates, hematite and Al-Si-Fe compounds) were present in the pore water of aeolian-impacted upland soils rather than in river water-impacted soils. Our results suggest that future work should consider the possibility that potential mobilization of metal(loid)s induced by the weathering and transformation of these metal-bearing nano-crystals to metal-bearing amorphous colloids, potentially elevating metal mobility and/or bioavailability in river water-impacted agricultural soils.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Cálcio/análise , Carbonatos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Ferro/análise , Chumbo/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Silício/análise , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Sulfatos/análise , Água/análise , Zinco/análise
14.
J Adv Res ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116710

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Environmental microparticle is becoming a global pollutant and the entire population is increasingly exposed to the microparticles from artificial materials. The accumulation of microparticles including microplastics and its subsequent effects need to be investigated timely to keep sustainable development of human society. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the accumulation of environmental particles in thrombus, the pathological structure in the blood circulation system. METHODS: Patients receiving cardiovascular surgical operations were screened and twenty-six thrombi were collected, digested and filtered. Non-soluble microparticles were enriched on the filter membrane and then were analyzed and identified with Raman Spectrometer. The associations of particle status (presence or absence) or particle number in the thrombus and clinical indicators were examined. One strict quality control-particle detection system was designed to eliminate environmental contaminations. RESULTS: Among twenty-six thrombi, sixteen contained eighty-seven identified particles ranging from 2.1 to 26.0 µm in size. The number of microparticles in each thrombus ranged from one to fifteen with the median reaching five. All the particles found in thrombi were irregularly block-shaped. Totally, twenty-one phthalocyanine particles, one Hostasol-Green particle, and one low-density polyethylene microplastic, which were from synthetic materials, were identified in thrombi. The rest microparticles included iron compounds and metallic oxides. After the adjustment for potential confounders, a significantly positive association between microparticle number and blood platelet levels was detected (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: This study provides the first photograph and Raman spectrum evidence of microparticles in thrombi. A large number of non-soluble particles including synthetic material microparticles could accumulate in arteries, suggesting that the risk of microparticle exposure was under-estimated and the re-evaluation of its health effects is urgently needed. There will be a series of reports on assessing the health effects of microparticle exposure in humans in the future and this research provided clues for the subsequent research.

15.
iScience ; 25(9): 104999, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097616

RESUMO

The one-step reaction approach from syngas with hydrogen sulfide (CO/H2/H2S) over potassium (K) promoted Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) materials can provide alternatives for the synthesis of methanethiol (CH3SH). However, the direct confirmation and determination of the real active nature of K-induced 2H and 1T'-MoS2 for this reaction and the corresponding phase transformation behavior and origin of K-induced 2H-MoS2 from/to 1T'-MoS2 remains unclear. Herein, we proved at the atomic level the precise position of K over 1T'-MoS2 and 2H-MoS2 species using the technique of HAADF-STEM. A relationship between K-induced 1T' and 2H-MoS2 phases and the catalytic property to synthesize CH3SH was established, and K-intercalated 1T'-MoS2 phase was confirmed to have excellent catalytic performances. Moreover, the behavior, origin, and influencing factors of phase transformation of 2H-MoS2 from/to 1T'-MoS2 in the existence of K were well proved.

16.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 926850, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046585

RESUMO

Salt stress seriously affects plant growth and crop yield, and has become an important factor that threatens the soil quality worldwide. In recent years, the cultivation of salt-tolerant plants such as Sesbania rostrata has a positive effect on improving coastal saline-alkali land. Microbial inoculation and GABA addition have been shown to enhance the plant tolerance in response to the abiotic stresses, but studies in green manure crops and the revelation of related mechanisms are not clear. In this study, the effects of inoculation with Azorhizobium caulinodans ORS571 and exogenous addition of γ-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA; 200 mg·L-1) on the growth and development of S. rostrata under salt stress were investigated using potting experiments of vermiculite. The results showed that inoculation with ORS571 significantly increased the plant height, biomass, chlorophyll content, proline content (PRO), catalase (CAT) activity, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of S. rostrata and reduced the malondialdehyde (MDA) level of leaves. The exogenous addition of GABA also increased the height, biomass, and CAT activity and reduced the MDA and PRO level of leaves. In addition, exogenous addition of GABA still had a certain improvement on the CAT activity and chlorophyll content of the ORS571-S. rostrata symbiotic system. In conclusion, ORS571 inoculation and GABA application have a positive effect on improving the salt stress tolerance in S. rostrata, which are closely associated with increasing chlorophyll synthesis and antioxidant enzyme activity and changing the amino acid content. Therefore, it can be used as a potential biological measure to improve the saline-alkali land.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 853: 158217, 2022 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36028022

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) exposed to the urban coastal seawater could form biofilms, which facilitate the adsorption and transportation of hazardous contaminants. However, influence of biofilms on the metal adsorption of MPs, especially the co-existence of biofilm and metals on MPs, is still less known. In this study, the adsorption of copper (Cu) on biofilm-coated MPs (BMPs) was visually analyzed and quantified. The results of scanning electron microscopy in combination with energy dispersive X-ray showed that biofilm and metals co-occurred on MPs in seawater. The nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry images further exhibited that the distribution of Cu, chlorine (Cl) and biofilm on MP surfaces was highly consistent. Moreover, the adsorption of Cu(II) on BMPs was enhanced as quantified by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer. Furthermore, different species on BMPs with and without Cu were identified, and their potential functions of metal or Cl metabolism were predicted based on KEGG pathway database. Overall, for the first time, this study provides visual and quantified evidences for the enhancement of Cu(II) adsorption on BMPs based on co-localization, and it may shed a light on the development of methodologies for investigating the interaction among MPs, biofilms and pollutants in marine environment.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Cobre/análise , Adsorção , Cloro/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Água do Mar , Biofilmes , Metais , Poluentes Ambientais/análise
18.
Chemosphere ; 307(Pt 4): 136199, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36030937

RESUMO

Herein, a heterogeneous photo-Fenton and photo-catalytic system was constructed using oxide pyrite (FeS2/Fe2O3) mineral and organic acids including tartaric acid (TA), ascorbic acid (AA), and citric acid (CA). In the proposed system, FeS2/Fe2O3 can be successfully activated through irradiation to generate photogenerated carriers, which generated H2O2in-situ through the reduction reactions between e- and O2. The addition of organic acids enhanced the dissolution of iron from FeS2/Fe2O3. Based on the iron and in-situ generated H2O2, •OH was produced through a photo-Fenton reaction. Furthermore, h+, e-, and •O2-, which were generated through the photo-catalytic activation of FeS2/Fe2O3, also played a certain role in the degradation of carbamazepine (CBZ). Therefore, the synergistic photo-Fenton and photo-catalytic reaction improved the degradation of CBZ, with the degradation efficiencies of 86%, 62%, and 68% in FeS2/Fe2O3/TA, FeS2/Fe2O3/AA, and FeS2/Fe2O3/CA systems, respectively. This investigation provides an innovative strategy for the removal of organic pollutants using natural minerals.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ácido Ascórbico , Carbamazepina , Ácido Cítrico , Ferro , Minerais , Óxidos
19.
J Hazard Mater ; 440: 129727, 2022 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35963091

RESUMO

Electronic waste (e-waste) is increasing globally, but the impact of this source of combined pollution on soil biodiversity and multiple soil functions (i.e., ecosystem multifunctionality) remains unclear. Here, we evaluated the effects of combined pollution on the biodiversity and soil multifunctionality using samples collected from upland and paddy soils chronically contaminated with e-waste. Overall biodiversity, as well as the relative abundance and biodiversity of key ecological clusters, as combined pollution concentrations increased in upland soil, while the opposite was true in paddy soil. Soil multifunctionality followed the same trend. Organic pollutants had significant negative effects on soil multifunctionality and were the main influencing factors in upland soil. Heavy metals had significant positive effects on soil multifunctionality in paddy soil. Moreover, driving soil multifunctionality was overall biodiversity in upland soil but key biodiversity in paddy soil. Importantly, a strong positive association between key organism biodiversity and soil multifunctionality was found in soil with low contamination. However, the relationship between key organism biodiversity and soil multifunctionality weakened or disappeared in highly contaminated soil, whereas overall biodiversity was significantly and positively correlated with multifunctionality. Our results emphasized that severe e-waste contamination would reduce soil biodiversity and soil multifunctionality and warrants high attention.


Assuntos
Resíduo Eletrônico , Poluentes Ambientais , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Biodiversidade , Ecossistema , Resíduo Eletrônico/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
20.
J Hazard Mater ; 438: 129421, 2022 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35779396

RESUMO

Natural organic matter (NOM) and iron oxides have been proved to be crucial factors controlling the behaviors of nanoparticles in heterogenous environment. Here, we conducted experimental and modeling study on the transport of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) in iron oxide-coated quartz in the presence of NOM under acidic conditions. Results showed the antagonistic effects of iron oxides and NOM on TiO2 NPs mobility. The inhibition of iron oxides coated on quartz was crystal form-dependent other than quantity-dependent. Amorphous ferric oxyhydroxide with higher specific surface area brought more positive charge and favorable deposition sites onto quartz, and induced more retention of nanoparticles than two crystalline iron oxides, goethite and hematite. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) facilitated TiO2 NPs transport in iron oxide-coated quartz. In comparation with the limited enhancing effects of DOM, the NOM coatings on media surface partially or largely offset the inhibition of goethite on nanoparticles mobility through direct occupation of attachment sites and sites screening due to the steric repulsion of the macromolecules. Owing to the higher steric hindrance, humic acid, both in dissolved and media surface-bound states, exerted stronger facilitating effects on TiO2 NPs mobility relative to fulvic acid.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Quartzo , Compostos Férricos , Substâncias Húmicas/análise , Ferro , Nanopartículas/química , Porosidade , Dióxido de Silício , Titânio/química
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