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1.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33942551

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Thirst Distress Scale for patients with Heart Failure (TDS-HF) and to describe thirst distress-associated factors in outpatients at a heart failure (HF) clinic in Spain. Thirst is common in patients with HF, but thirst distress has rarely been addressed and may significantly decrease quality of life. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study was performed assessing perceived thirst distress by patients with HF during the preceding 3 days, with the TDS-HF (scores 8 to 40). Univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to identify variables independently associated with thirst distress. Three-hundred two HF outpatients were included (age 67 ± 12 years, 74% male, HF duration 82 ± 75 months, left ventricular ejection fraction 42 ± 14%). Most patients were on treatment with fluid restriction (99%), sodium restriction (99%), and diuretics (70%). The psychometric evaluation of the Spanish version of the TDS-HF showed satisfactory item-total and inter-item correlations (range from 0.77 to 0.85 and 0.60 to 0.84, respectively), and internal consistency was 0.95 (Cronbach's alpha). The majority perceived mild to moderate thirst distress, and 18% perceived it as high or severe. The mean score obtained was 16.2 ± 9.3 (median 13, Q1-Q3 8-20). Higher serum urea {beta coefficient 1.6 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.267 to 2.92], P = 0.019} and lower potassium [beta coefficient -3.63 (85% CI -6.32 to -0.93), P = 0.009] remained significantly associated with thirst distress in the multivariable analysis, together with the dose of diuretics [beta coefficient 2.98 (95% CI 1.37 to 4.59), P < 0.001]. Treatment with angiotensin receptor blocker showed an independent protective effect [beta coefficient -3.62 (95% CI -6.89 to -0.345), P = 0.03]. CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric evaluation of the Spanish version of the TDS-HF showed good psychometric properties. One in five patients experienced severe distress by thirst, but the majority had mild to moderate thirst distress. The dose of diuretics and angiotensin receptor blocker treatment influence thirst distress and could be clinically important targets to relieve thirst distress in patients with HF.

2.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834570
3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5940, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723360

RESUMO

A higher neprilysin activity has been suggested in women. In this retrospective analysis, we evaluated the association of sex and body mass index (BMI) with soluble neprilysin (sNEP) and recurrent admissions among 1021 consecutive HF outpatients. The primary and secondary endpoints were the number of HF hospitalizations and all-cause mortality, respectively. The association between sNEP with either endpoint was evaluated across sex and BMI categories (≥ 25 kg/m2 vs. < 25 kg/m2). Bivariate count regression (Poisson) was used, and risk estimates were expressed as incidence rates ratio (IRR). During a median follow-up of 6.65 years (percentile 25%-percentile 75%:2.83-10.25), 702 (68.76%) patients died, and 406 (40%) had at least 1 HF hospitalization. Median values of sNEP and BMI were 0.64 ng/mL (0.39-1.22), and 26.9 kg/m2 (24.3-30.4), respectively. Left ventricle ejection fraction was < 40% in 78.9% of patients, and 28% were women. In multivariable analysis, sNEP (main effect) was positively associated with HF hospitalizations (p = 0.001) but not with mortality (p = 0.241). The predictive value of sNEP for HF hospitalizations varied non-linearly across sex and BMI categories (p-value for interaction = 0.003), with significant and positive effect only on women with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 (p = 0.039). For instance, compared to men, women with sNEP of 1.22 ng/mL (percentile 75%) showed a significantly increased risk (IRRs: 1.26; 95% CI: 1.05-1.53). The interaction analysis for mortality did not support a differential prognostic effect for sNEP (p = 0.072). In conclusion, higher sNEP levels in overweight women better predicted an increased risk of HF hospitalization.

4.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745912

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) has been shown to be useful for risk stratification in patients admitted with acute heart failure (AHF). We sought to determine a CA125 cutpoint for identifying patients at low risk of 1-month death or the composite of death/HF readmission following admission for AHF. METHODS: The derivation cohort included 3231 consecutive patients with AHF. CA125 cutoff values with 90% negative predictive value (NPV) and sensitivity up to 85% were identified. The adequacy of these cutpoints and the risk of 1-month death/HF readmission was then tested using the Royston-Parmar method. The best cutpoint was selected and externally validated in a cohort of patients hospitalized from BIOSTAT-CHF (n=1583). RESULTS: In the derivation cohort, the median [IQR] CA125 was 57 [25.3-157] U/mL. The optimal cutoff value was <23 U/mL (21.5% of patients), with NPVs of 99.3% and 94.1% for death and the composite endpoint, respectively. On multivariate survival analyses, CA125 <23 U/mL was independently associated with a lower risk of death (HR, 0.20; 95%CI, 0.08-0.50; P <.001), and the combined endpoint (HR, 0.63; 95%CI, 950.45-0.90; P=.009). The ability of this cutpoint to discriminate patients at a low 1-month risk was confirmed in the validation cohort (NPVs of 98.6% and 96.6% for death and the composite endpoint). The predicted ability of this cutoff remained significant at 6 months of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In patients admitted with AHF, CA125 <23 U/mL identified a subgroup at low risk of short-term adverse events, a population that may not require intense postdischarge monitoring.

5.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33704552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with better outcome compared with normal weight in patients with HF and other chronic diseases. It remains uncertain whether the apparent protective role of obesity relates to the absence of comorbidities. Therefore, we investigated the effect of BMI on outcome in younger patients without co-morbidities as compared to older patients with co-morbidities in a large heart failure (HF) population. METHODS: In an individual patient data analysis from pooled cohorts, 5,819 patients with chronic HF and data available on BMI, co-morbidities and outcome were analysed. Patients were divided into four groups based on BMI (i.e. ≤ 18.5 kg/m2, 18.5-25.0 kg/m2; 25.0-30.0 kg/m2; 30.0 kg/m2). Primary endpoints included all-cause mortality and HF hospitalization-free survival. RESULTS: Mean age was 65 ± 12 years, with a majority of males (78%), ischaemic HF and HF with reduced ejection fraction. Frequency of all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization was significantly worse in the lowest two BMI groups as compared to the other two groups; however, this effect was only seen in patients older than 75 years or having at least one relevant co-morbidity, and not in younger patients with HF only. After including medications and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin concentrations into the model, the prognostic impact of BMI was largely absent even in the elderly group with co-morbidity. CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that obesity is a marker of less advanced disease, but does not have an independent protective effect in patients with chronic HF. Categories of BMI are only predictive of poor outcome in patients aged > 75 years or with at least one co-morbidity (bottom), but not in those aged < 75 years without co-morbidities (top). The prognostic effect largely disappears in multivariable analyses even for the former group. These findings question the protective effect of obesity in chronic heart failure (HF).

6.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(4): 591-600, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624153

RESUMO

AIMS: Systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) and right heart adaptation in relation to pre-existing preload are often disregarded. To determine volume-related changes in the pulmonary-right ventricle (RV) unit and the preload dependence of its components, we analysed pulmonary haemodynamics and right ventricular performance, taking advantage of the plasma volume removal associated to haemodialysis (HD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-three stable patients on chronic HD with LVEF > 50% and without heart failure were recruited (mean age 63.0 ± 12.4 years; 31.2% women; hypertension in 89% and diabetes in 53%) and evaluated just before and after HD (mean ultrafiltration volume 2.4 ± 0.7 l). SPAP from both times were available in 39 patients. After HD, SPAP decreased (42.2 ± 12.6 to 33.7 ± 11.6 mmHg, p < 0.001) without modification of non-invasive pulmonary vascular resistance (1.75 ± 0.44 to 1.75 ± 0.40 eWU, p = 0.94). Age and drop in the E/e' ratio were the variables associated with greater reduction in PASP (p = 0.022 and p = 0.049, respectively). A significant reduction of right chamber sizes was observed, along with a diminution in measures of RV contractility, excluding RV longitudinal strain. Functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) diminution was observed in 26% of patients, occurring in every case with more than mild FTR. On multivariate analyses, left atrial size was the only predictor of pulmonary hypertension (defined as SPAP > 40 mmHg) (OR 1.29 (1.07-1.56), p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: Rapid volemic changes may affect FTR grading, RV size and contractility, with RV longitudinal strain being less variable than conventional parameters. SPAP decreases after HD, and this reduction is related to age and greater diminution of the E/e' ratio.

7.
J Exp Med ; 218(5)2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635944

RESUMO

Meteorin-like/Meteorin-ß (Metrnl/Metrnß) is a secreted protein produced by skeletal muscle and adipose tissue that exerts metabolic actions that improve glucose metabolism. The role of Metrnß in cardiac disease is completely unknown. Here, we show that Metrnß-null mice exhibit asymmetrical cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and enhanced signs of cardiac dysfunction in response to isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy and aging. Conversely, adeno-associated virus-mediated specific overexpression of Metrnß in the heart prevents the development of cardiac remodeling. Furthermore, Metrnß inhibits cardiac hypertrophy development in cardiomyocytes in vitro, indicating a direct effect on cardiac cells. Antibody-mediated blockage of Metrnß in cardiomyocyte cell cultures indicated an autocrine action of Metrnß on the heart, in addition to an endocrine action. Moreover, Metrnß is highly produced in the heart, and analysis of circulating Metrnß concentrations in a large cohort of patients reveals that it is a new biomarker of heart failure with an independent prognostic value.

8.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 156(1): 26-28, ene. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-198544

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The CardioMEMS device is inserted into the pulmonary artery and allows monitorization of pulmonary artery pressure in heart failure patients. Previous studies have shown a reduction in hospitalizations for heart failure and an improvement in quality of life in the group of patients monitored with the device. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven patients managed in a multidisciplinary heart failure clinic implanted with the sensor were consecutively included from June 2019 to February 2020. This is the first experience with a cardioMEMS device published in Spain. RESULTS: The device was successfully implanted in all cases without severe complications or sensor failures, allowing precise adjustment of medical treatment that led to very few heart failure readmissions. DISCUSSION: Wireless pulmonary artery pressure monitoring will probably become an essential component in the management of selected HF patients


INTRODUCCIÓN: El dispositivo CardioMEMS(TM) se inserta en la arteria pulmonar, y permite la monitorización de la presión arterial pulmonar en los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca. Los estudios previos han reflejado una reducción de las hospitalizaciones por insuficiencia cardiaca, así como una mejora de la calidad de vida en el grupo de pacientes monitorizados con el dispositivo. Pacientes and métodos: Se incluyó consecutivamente a 11 pacientes tratados en una clínica multidisciplinar para insuficiencia cardiaca, que tuvieron implantado el sensor de junio de 2019 a febrero de 2020. Esta es la primera experiencia con el dispositivo CardioMEMS(TM) que se publica en España. RESULTADOS: Se implantó exitosamente el dispositivo en todos los casos, sin complicaciones graves ni fallos del sensor, lo cual permitió el ajuste preciso del tratamiento médico, que redundó en pocos reingresos por insuficiencia cardiaca. DISCUSIÓN: La monitorización de la presión arterial pulmonar sin cables se convertirá probablemente en un componente esencial del tratamiento de los pacientes de insuficiencia cardiaca seleccionados


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/instrumentação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Hemodinâmica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Espanha , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto/instrumentação
9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 732, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436787

RESUMO

To assess mortality trends at 1 and 3 years from 2001 to 2018 in a real-life cohort of HF outpatients from different etiologies with depressed and preserved LVEF. A total of 2368 consecutive patients with HF (mean age 66.4 ± 12.9 years, 71% men, 15.4% with preserved LVEF) admitted to a HF clinic from August 2001 to September 2018 were included in the study. Patients were divided into five quintiles (Q) according to the period of admission. Trends for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality from Q1 to Q5 were assessed by linear regression. Patients with LVEF < 50% had a progressive decrease in the rates of all-cause and cardiovascular death at 1 year (12.1% in Q1 to 6.5% in Q5, p = 0.003; and 8.4% in Q1 to 3.8% in Q5, p = 0.007, respectively) and 3 years (30.5% in Q1 to 17.0% in Q5, p = 0.003; and 23.9% in Q1 to 9.8% in Q5, p = 0.003, respectively). These trends remained significant after adjusting for clinical characteristics and risk. No significant trend in mortality was observed in patients with LVEF ≥ 50%. In a cohort of real-life ambulatory patients with HF, mortality progressively declined in patients with LVEF < 50%, but the same trend was not observed in patients with preserved LVEF.

10.
Curr Med Res Opin ; 37(3): 357-365, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326304

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the temporal trends of atrial fibrillation (AF)-related ischemic stroke (IS) and their relationship with the prescription patterns of antithrombotic treatment from 2013 to 2019 in the Health Assistance Area of a regional hospital. METHODS: First, a retrospective ecological study of aggregate data to analyze the annual incidence of IS between 2013 and 2019 was performed. Second, we selected those patients diagnosed with AF between 2013 and 2019 and performed a retrospective longitudinal study to assess the role of antithrombotic therapy in the development of AF-related IS. RESULTS: During this period, whereas the annual incidence of IS remained stable (from 1.3 in 2013 to 1.2 cases per 1000 inhabitants in 2019; adjusted P for trend .829), the annual incidence of AF-related IS decreased over time (from 23.8 to 18.8 cases per 1000 inhabitants, respectively; adjusted P for trend .001). Among AF patients, the use of direct oral anticoagulants increased from 5.5% to 46.8%, while the prescription of antiplatelets and vitamin K antagonists decreased from 21.9% to 6.0% and from 63.8% to 36.1%, respectively. Overall, the use of oral anticoagulants increased from 69.3% to 82.9%; p < .001. Patients under antiplatelet agents had a higher probability of presenting IS than those patients taking oral anticoagulants, either vitamin K antagonists or direct oral anticoagulants (adjusted OR 1.89; 95% CI 1.52-2.37; p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The prescription of oral anticoagulants, particularly direct oral anticoagulants, has increased from 2013 to 2019 in our Health Assistance Area. This increase might partially explain the reduction in AF-related IS.

12.
JACC Heart Fail ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189629

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether patients with chronic heart failure (HF) can be stratified according to the combination of soluble neprilysin and corin concentrations and whether this is related to clinical outcome. BACKGROUND: Natriuretic peptide processing by the enzymes corin and neprilysin plays a pivotal role in conversion of pro-natriuretic peptides to active natriuretic peptides, as well as their degradation, respectively. METHODS: A prospective cohort of patients with chronic HF (n = 1,009) was stratified into 4 equal groups based on high or low neprilysin/corin concentration relative to the median: 1) low neprilysin/low corin; 2) low neprilysin/high corin; 3) high neprilysin/low corin; and 4) high neprilysin/high corin. Cox regression survival analysis was performed for the composite primary endpoint of cardiovascular death and HF hospitalization. RESULTS: Median neprilysin and corin concentrations were not correlated (rho: -0.04; p = 0.21). Although in univariate analysis there was no association with outcome, after correction for baseline differences in age and sex, a significant association with survival was demonstrated: with highest survival in group 1 (low neprilysin/low corin) and lowest in group 4 (high neprilysin/high corin) (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.56; p = 0.003), which remained statistically significant after comprehensive multivariable analysis (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.41; p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Stratification of patients with chronic HF based on circulating neprilysin and corin concentrations is associated with clinical outcomes. These results suggest that regulation of these enzymes is of importance in chronic HF and may offer an interesting approach for classification of patients with HF in a step toward individualized HF patient management.

13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(20): e017159, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054490

RESUMO

Background Coronary artery disease remains a major cause of death despite better outcomes of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to analyze data from the Ruti-STEMI registry of in-hospital, 28-day, and 1-year events in patients with STEMI over the past 3 decades in Catalonia, Spain, to assess trends in STEMI prognosis. Methods and Results Between February 1989 and December 2017, a total of 7589 patients with STEMI were admitted consecutively. Patients were grouped into 5 periods: 1989 to 1994 (period 1), 1995 to 1999 (period 2), 2000 to 2004 (period 3), 2005 to 2009 (period 4), and 2010 to 2017 (period 5). We used Cox regression to compare 28-day and 1-year STEMI mortality and in-hospital complication trends across these periods. Mean patient age was 61.6±12.6 years, and 79.3% were men. The 28-day all-cause mortality declined from period 1 to period 5 (10.4% versus 6.0%; P<0.001), with a 40% reduction after multivariable adjustment (hazard ratio [HR], 0.6; 95% CI, 0.46-0.80; P<0.001). One-year all-cause mortality declined from period 1 to period 5 (11.7% versus 9.0%; P=0.001), with a 24% reduction after multivariable adjustment (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.60-0.98; P=0.036). A significant temporal reduction was observed for in-hospital complications including postinfarct angina (-78%), ventricular tachycardia (-57%), right ventricular dysfunction (-48%), atrioventricular block (-45%), pericarditis (-63%), and free wall rupture (-53%). Primary ventricular fibrillation showed no significant downslope trend. Conclusions In-hospital STEMI complications and 28-day and 1-year mortality rates have dropped markedly in the past 30 years. Reducing ischemia-driven primary ventricular fibrillation remains a major challenge.

14.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059937

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The CardioMEMS device is inserted into the pulmonary artery and allows monitorization of pulmonary artery pressure in heart failure patients. Previous studies have shown a reduction in hospitalizations for heart failure and an improvement in quality of life in the group of patients monitored with the device. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven patients managed in a multidisciplinary heart failure clinic implanted with the sensor were consecutively included from June 2019 to February 2020. This is the first experience with a cardioMEMS device published in Spain. RESULTS: The device was successfully implanted in all cases without severe complications or sensor failures, allowing precise adjustment of medical treatment that led to very few heart failure readmissions. DISCUSSION: Wireless pulmonary artery pressure monitoring will probably become an essential component in the management of selected HF patients.

15.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(10): 835-843, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199628

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: Los niveles circulantes de la proteína de unión del factor de crecimiento de tipo insulina 2 (IGFBP2) aumentan en la insuficiencia renal crónica (IRC), y se asocian con un mayor riesgo de mortalidad en la miocardiopatía dilatada. Dado que la IRC se asocia con una mayor mortalidad en la insuficiencia cardiaca (IC), hemos investigado si, en pacientes con IC de distinta etiología, IGFBP2 se asocia con la IRC, y si la IRC modifica el valor pronóstico de esta proteína. MÉTODOS: Se estudiaron pacientes con IC (n=686, edad media 66,6 años, 32,7% mujeres) durante 3,5 años (min-máx: 0,1-6 años). Los pacientes se clasificaron como IRC con una tasa de filtrado glomerular estimada disminuida (TFGe <60ml/min/1,73 m2) y como pacientes con TFGe ≥ 60ml/min/1,73 m2. IGFBP2 se determinó en suero mediante ELISA. RESULTADOS: La IGFBP2 sérica estaba aumentada (p <0,001) en los pacientes con IRC y TFGe <60ml/min/1,73 m2 (n=290, 42,3%), comparados con aquellos con TFGe ≥ 60 ml/min/1,73 m2. IGFBP2 se asociaba directamente con el NT-proBNP e inversamente con la TFGe (p <0,001), independientemente de factores confundentes. Además, IGFBP2 se asociaba directa e independientemente con la mortalidad cardiovascular y por cualquier causa (p <0,001) en todos los pacientes, mostrando en los pacientes con IRC y TFGe <60ml/min/1,73 m2 mayor asociación con muerte cardiovascular (p interacción <0,05) y valor pronóstico añadido sobre factores de riesgo relevantes. CONCLUSIONES: Los niveles séricos de IGFBP2 se asocian con un empeoramiento de la función renal en pacientes con IC y con un mayor riesgo de muerte cardiovascular, principalmente en los pacientes con IC y IRC con una TFGe disminuida


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Preliminary results suggest that high circulating insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2) levels are associated with mortality risk in heart failure (HF) patients. As IGFBP2 levels are increased in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is associated with a higher mortality risk in HF patients, we examined whether IGFBP2 is associated with CKD in HF patients, and whether CKD modifies the prognostic value of this protein in HF patients. METHODS: HF patients (n=686, mean age 66.6 years, 32.7% women) were enrolled and followed up for a median of 3.5 (min-max range: 0.1-6) years. Patients were classified as having CKD with decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR <60mL/min/1.73 m2) or as having CKD with nondecreased eGFR (≥ 60mL/min/1.73 m2). Serum IGFBP2 was detected by ELISA. RESULTS: IGFBP2 was increased (P <.001) in CKD patients with decreased eGFR (n=290, 42.3%) compared with patients with nondecreased eGFR. IGFBP2 was directly associated with NT-proBNP (P <.001) and inversely associated with eGFR (P <.001), with both associations being independent of confounding factors. IGFBP2 was directly and independently associated with cardiovascular and all-cause death (P <.001) in the whole group of patients, but showed a stronger association with cardiovascular death in CKD patients with decreased eGFR (P for interaction <.05), improving risk prediction in these patients over clinically relevant risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Serum IGFBP2 is associated with impaired renal function and prognosticates cardiovascular death in patients with HF and CKD with decreased eGFR. Thus, there is an effect modification of CKD on circulating IGFBP2 and on its association with cardiovascular mortality in HF patients


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Proteína 2 de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante à Insulina/análise , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Progressão da Doença , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade
17.
Heart Lung ; 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thirst is a troublesome symptom in patients with Heart Failure (HF) and one that might be perceived differently in different countries depending on climate, food and cultural habits. The aims of the study were to describe thirst frequency, duration and intensity and to identify factors associated with frequent thirst in outpatients with HF in a Mediterranean country. METHODS: Data was collected in a cross-sectional study involving 302 patients diagnosed with HF (age 67±12 years, 74% male, LVEF 43%±14) in Spain on thirst frequency and duration, and thirst intensity by patient self-report (VAS, 0-100 mm). Clinical variables were collected from the medical files. Regression analysis was used to identify factors independently associated with frequent thirst. RESULTS: Of all the patients, 143 (47%) were frequently thirsty, and their median (25th and 75th percentiles) thirst intensity was higher (VAS 50 mm [20-67] vs 7 [0-20], p<.001). Their thirst lasted longer compared to those who never/sometimes were thirsty (p<.001). Less treatment with angiotensin receptor blockers (Odds Ratio [OR] 2.72; 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.33-5.58), diuretics >40 mg/day (OR 1.92; 95% CI 1.02-3.64), depression (OR 2.99; CI 1.17-7.62), male gender (OR 1.98; CI 1.08-3.64) and worse New York Heart Association functional class (OR 1.92; 95% CI 1.05-3.52) were independently associated with frequent thirst. CONCLUSIONS: About half of patients with HF and fluid restriction experienced frequent thirst in a Mediterranean area of Spain, and their thirst duration and intensity were significantly increased. Frequent thirst was associated with demographic, clinical and therapeutic variables. The results may help to identify patients with a higher risk of frequent thirst and might suggest therapeutic changes in order to diminish this troublesome symptom.

18.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790113

RESUMO

AIMS: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is common in patients with heart failure (HF) and is related with worse outcomes. Insulin treatment is associated with sodium and water retention, weight gain, and hypoglycaemia-all pathophysiological mechanisms related to HF decompensation. This study aimed to evaluate the association between insulin treatment and the risk of 1 year readmission for HF in patients discharged for acute HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively included 2895 consecutive patients discharged after an episode of acute HF in a single tertiary hospital. Multivariable Cox regression, adapted for competing events, was used to assess the association between insulin treatment and 1 year readmission for HF in patients discharged after acute HF. Participants' mean age was 73.4 ± 11.2 years, 50.8% were women, 44.7% had T2DM [including 527 (18.2%) on insulin therapy], and 52.7% had preserved ejection fraction. At 1 year follow-up, 518 (17.9%) patients had died and 693 (23.9%) were readmitted for HF. The crude risk of readmission for HF was higher in patients on insulin, with no differences in 1 year mortality. After multivariable adjustment, patients on insulin were at significantly higher risk of 1 year readmission for HF than patients with diabetes who were not on insulin (hazard ratio 1.28; 95% confidence interval 1.04-1.59, P = 0.022) and patients without diabetes (hazard ratio 1.26; 95% confidence interval 1.02-1.55, P = 0.035). CONCLUSION: Following acute HF, patients with T2DM on insulin therapy are at increased risk of readmission for HF. Further studies unravelling the mechanisms behind this association are warranted.

19.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and RV-pulmonary artery (PA) uncoupling are associated with the development of pulmonary congestion during exercise. However, there is limited information regarding the association between these right-sided cardiac parameters and pulmonary congestion in acutely decompensated heart failure (HF). METHODS: We performed an individual patient meta-analysis from four cohort studies of hospitalized patients with HF who had available lung ultrasound (B-lines) data on admission and/or at discharge. RV function was assessed by tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), RV-PA coupling was defined as the ratio of TAPSE to PA systolic pressure (PASP). RESULTS: Admission and discharge cohort included 319 patients (75.8 ± 10.1 years, 46% women) and 221 patients (77.9 ± 9.0 years, 47% women), respectively. Overall, higher TAPSE was associated with higher ejection fraction, lower PASP, b-type natriuretic peptide and B-line counts. By multivariable analysis, worse RV function or RV-PA coupling was associated with higher B-line counts on admission and at discharge, and with a less reduction in B-line counts from admission to discharge. Higher B-line counts at discharge were associated with a higher risk of the composite of all-cause mortality and/or HF re-hospitalization [adjusted-HR 1.13 (1.09-1.16), p < 0.001]. Furthermore, the absolute risk increase related to high B-line counts at discharge was higher in patients with lower TAPSE. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acutely decompensated HF, impaired RV function and RV-PA coupling were associated with severe pulmonary congestion on admission, and less resolution of pulmonary congestion during hospital stay. Worse prognosis related to residual pulmonary congestion was enhanced in patients with RV dysfunction. TAPSE, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion; PASP, pulmonary artery systolic pressure.

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