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1.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 524(1): 50-56, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980166

RESUMO

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare, but progressive and devastating vascular disease with few treatment options to prevent the advancement to right ventricular dysfunction hypertrophy and failure. Empagliflozin, a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, enhances urinary glucose excretion as well as reduces cardiovascular events and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes. While empagliflozin has been reported to lower systemic hypertension due to increased diuresis, the effect of empagliflozin on PAH is unknown. We used monocrotaline (MCT)-treated Sprague-Dawley rats to determine if empagliflozin alters PAH-associated outcomes. Compared to vehicle control, daily empagliflozin administration significantly improved survival in rats with severe MCT-induced PAH. Hemodynamic assessments showed that empagliflozin treatment significantly reduced mean pulmonary artery pressure, right ventricular systolic pressure, and increased pulmonary acceleration time. Empagliflozin treatment resulted in reduced right ventricular hypertrophy and fibrosis. Histological and molecular assessments of lung vasculature revealed significantly reduced medial wall thickening and decreased muscularization of pulmonary arterioles after empagliflozin treatment compared to vehicle-treated rats. In summary, SGLT2 inhibition with empagliflozin lowered mortality, reduced right ventricle systolic pressure, and attenuated maladaptive pulmonary remodeling in MCT-induced PAH. Clinical studies evaluating the efficacy of SGLT-2 inhibition should be considered for patients with PAH.

2.
JACC Basic Transl Sci ; 3(6): 861-870, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30623145

RESUMO

The clinical use of doxorubicin in cancer is limited by cardiotoxic effects that can lead to heart failure. Whereas earlier work focused on the direct impact of doxorubicin on cardiomyocytes, recent studies have turned to the endothelium, because doxorubicin-damaged endothelial cells can trigger the development and progression of cardiomyopathy by decreasing the release and activity of key endothelial factors and inducing endothelial cell death. Thus, the endothelium represents a novel target for improving the detection, management, and prevention of doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy.

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