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Br J Cancer ; 122(10): 1525-1534, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32205862


BACKGROUND: Intratumoural CD103+CD8+ T cells have been linked to prolonged survival in several malignancies. However, the clinical significance of CD103+CD8+ T cells in gastric cancer remains unexplored. METHODS: Gastric cancer tissues from Zhongshan Hospital and data from Gene Expression Omnibus were obtained and analysed. Immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry were performed to detect the number and phenotypical characteristics of CD103+CD8+ T cells. The effect of programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) blockade on CD103+CD8+ T cells was evaluated with the use of an in vitro study based on fresh tumour tissues. RESULTS: CD103+CD8+ T cells predicted superior overall survival and provided better prognostic power than total CD8+ T cells in gastric cancer. Patients with high CD103+CD8+ T cell infiltration also gained more benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy. Flow cytometry analysis showed that CD103+CD8+ T cells exerted superior anti-tumour effects with stronger retention capacity and cytotoxicity. Moreover, an in vitro study showed that CD103+CD8+ T cells were more functionally restored after PD-1 blockade than CD103-CD8+ T cells. CONCLUSIONS: CD103+CD8+ T cells might be a useful marker to predict prognosis and therapeutic efficacy for gastric cancer patients. Efforts to increase intratumoural CD103+CD8+ T cell frequency might be a novel therapeutic strategy in gastric cancer.

Eur J Cancer ; 128: 27-37, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109848


AIM: Tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) are prominent immune cells infiltrating in solid tumours with phenotypic and functional heterogeneity. However, the clinical significance of heterogeneous subtypes of TAMs in gastric cancer still remains obscure. Here, we aimed to explore the clinical significance of TAMs expressing dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule 3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) and its relevance with immune contexture in gastric cancer. METHODS: We selected 453 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded samples and 51 fresh tissue specimens of patients with gastric cancer from Zhongshan Hospital. The association of DC-SIGN+ macrophages with clinicopathological parameters, overall survival (OS) and responsiveness to fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) was inspected. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and flow cytometry (FCM) were applied to characterize immune cells in gastric cancer. RESULTS: We demonstrated that high intratumoral DC-SIGN+ macrophages infiltration predicted poor OS and inferior therapeutic responsiveness to fluorouracil-based ACT in patients with gastric cancer. Furthermore, higher infiltration of DC-SIGN+ macrophages indicated an increased number of Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs), CD8+ T cells and a higher ratio of Foxp3+/CD8+ within the tumour microenvironment (TME). In addition, CD8+ T cells in DC-SIGN+ macrophages high subgroup were functionally impaired, showing decreased interferon-γ (IFN-γ), granzyme B (GZMB) and perforin production yet elevated programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) expression. CONCLUSIONS: DC-SIGN+ macrophages were associated with immunoinvasive TME and indicated poor prognosis and inferior therapeutic responsiveness to fluorouracil-based ACT. DC-SIGN+ macrophages might be an independent prognosticator and a potential immunotherapeutic target for gastric cancer.

J Vis Exp ; (146)2019 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31107449


Patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDX) and cell-derived tumor xenograft (CDX) are important techniques for preclinical assessment, medication guidance and basic cancer researches. Generations of PDX models in traditional host mice are time-consuming and only working for a small proportion of samples. Recently, zebrafish PDX (zPDX) has emerged as a unique host system, with the characteristics of small-scale and high efficiency. Here, we describe an optimized methodology for generating a dual fluorescence-labeled tumor xenograft model for comparative chemotherapy assessment in zPDX models. Tumor cells and fibroblasts were enriched from freshly-harvested or frozen pancreatic cancer tissue at different culture conditions. Both cell groups were labeled by lentivirus expressing green or red fluorescent proteins, as well as an anti-apoptosis gene BCL2L1. The transfected cells were pre-mixed and co-injected into the 2 dpf larval zebrafish that were then bred in modified E3 medium at 32 °C. The xenograft models were treated by chemotherapy drugs and/or BCL2L1 inhibitor, and the viabilities of both tumor cells and fibroblasts were investigated simultaneously. In summary, this protocol allows researchers to quickly generate a large amount of zPDX models with a heterogeneous tumor microenvironment and provides a longer observation window and a more precise quantitation in assessing the efficiency of drug candidates.