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1.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 106(1): 121-130, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27889952

RESUMO

Although iron oxide nanoparticles (IRONs) were applied in clinical magnetic resonance imaging in vivo and magnetic tissue engineering in vitro widely, the underlying effects of IRONs on the development of cardiomyocytes especially the intercellular junctions, intercalated discs (IDs), remain an unknown issue. Given the critical role of three-dimensional (3D) engineered cardiac tissues (ECTs) in evaluation of nanoparticles toxicology, it remained necessary to understand the effects of IRONs on IDs assembly of cardiomyocytes in 3D environment. In this study, we first reconstituted collagen/Matrigel based ECTs in vitro and prepared IRONs with 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA-IRONs). We found that the internalization of DMSA-IRONs by cardiac cells in dose-dependent manner was not associated with the cell distribution in 3D environment by determination of Prussian blue staining and transmission electronic microscopy. Significantly, through determination of western blotting and immunofluorescence of connexin 43, N-cadherin, desmoplakin, and plakoglobin, DMSA-IRONs enhanced the assembly of gap junctions, decreased mechanical junctions (adherens junctions and desmosomes) of cardiac cells but not in dose-dependent manner in ECTs at seventh day. In addition, DMSA-IRONs increased the vesicles secretion of cardiac cells in ECTs apparently compared to control groups. Overall, we conclude that the internalization of DMSA-IRONs by cardiac cells in dose-dependent manner enhanced the assembly of electrochemical junctions and decreased the mechanical related microstructures. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 106B: 121-130, 2018.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Succímero/química , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte/química , Animais , Camundongos , Miocárdio/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia
2.
J Breast Cancer ; 17(4): 363-9, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25548585

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In the present study, we investigated the incidence of cardiotoxicity within 5 years of trastuzumab treatment and evaluated potential risk factors in clinical practice. METHODS: The study cohort included 415 patients diagnosed with early breast cancer (EBC). Cardiotoxicity incidence was evaluated in patients receiving trastuzumab and those who did not. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals of potential risk factors for trastuzumab-related cardiotoxicity after appropriate adjustments. RESULTS: Incidence of cardiotoxicity in patients treated with trastuzumab was significantly higher than that in controls (23.7% vs. 10.8%, p<0.001). This result was adjusted for factors that might increase the risk of cardiotoxicity, such as history of coronary artery diseases or the use of anthracyclines for more than four cycles. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that treatment with trastuzumab was strongly associated with cardiotoxicity in EBC patients.

3.
Sci China Life Sci ; 57(2): 241-7, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24430556

RESUMO

Interstitial Cajal-like cells are a distinct type of interstitial cell with a wide distribution in mammalian organs and tissues, and have been given the name "telocytes". Recent studies have demonstrated the potential roles of telocytes in heart development, renewal, and repair. However, further research on the functions of telocytes is limited by the complicated in vivo environment. This study was designed to construct engineered heart tissue (EHT) as a three-dimensional model in vitro to better understand the role of telocytes in the architectural organization of the myocardium. EHTs were constructed by seeding neonatal cardiomyocytes in collagen/Matrigel scaffolds followed by culture under persistent static stretch. Telocytes in EHTs were identified by histology, toluidine blue staining, immunofluorescence, and transmission electron microscopy. The results from histology and toluidine blue staining demonstrated widespread putative telocytes with compact toluidine blue-stained nuclei, which were located around cardiomyocytes. Prolongations from the cell bodies showed a characteristic dichotomous branching pattern and formed networks in EHTs. Immunofluorescence revealed positive staining of telocytes for CD34 and vimentin with typical moniliform prolongations. A series of electron microscopy images further showed that typical telocytes embraced the cardiomyocytes with their long prolongations and exhibited a marked appearance of nursing cardiomyocytes during the construction of EHTs. This finding highlights the great importance of telocytes in the architectural organization of EHTs. It also suggests that EHT is an appropriate physical and pathological model system in vitro to study the roles of telocytes during heart development and regeneration.


Assuntos
Miocárdio/citologia , Engenharia Tecidual , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Imunofluorescência , Microscopia Confocal , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Coloração e Rotulagem
4.
Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars) ; 66(2): 105-12, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16886720

RESUMO

Neuron transplantation is considered to be a promising therapeutic method to replace functions lost due to central nervous system (CNS) damage. However, little is known about the extent to which implanted neuron-like cells can develop into mature neurons and acquire essential properties, and especially formation of synapses with host neurons. In this investigation we seeded PC12 cells labeled with GFP into primary cultured neurons isolated from rat cerebral cortex to build a co-culture system, and then induced the PC12 cells to differentiate into neuron-like cells with NGF. Seven days later, we observed the relationship between the PC12-derived neurons and primary neurons using FM1-43 imaging and immunoelectron microscopy, and found that GFP-labeled neurons could form typical synapses with host primary neurons. These observations showed that immigrant neurons differentiated from PC12 cells could develop into mature neurons and could form intercellular contacts with host neurons. Both the immigrant and host neurons could construct neuronal networks in vitro.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral/citologia , Vias Neurais/fisiologia , Neurônios/citologia , Sinapses/fisiologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Técnicas de Cocultura , Corantes Fluorescentes , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde , Microscopia Imunoeletrônica , Neurônios/fisiologia , Células PC12 , Compostos de Piridínio , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Sinapses/ultraestrutura
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