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Med Sci Monit ; 25: 8807-8813, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749446


BACKGROUND Developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) results in osteoarthritis in infants and children. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a single approach to arthroscopic reduction and debridement on clinical outcome in 12 infants with DDH. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twelve infants with irreducible DDH underwent single approach arthroscopic reduction and debridement followed by the use of a frog-leg position plaster cast with fixed flexion and abduction of the hips combined with external fixation for 6-8 weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or plain X-ray images were analyzed. Intra-articular obstructive factors for reduction were evaluated. The safety angle, medialization rate of the femoral head, and the acetabular angle were measured before and after arthroscopic reduction. RESULTS Imaging showed that the signs of DDH were significantly improved following arthroscopic reduction. Obstructive factors included hypertrophy of the round ligament, fibrous tissue and fat in the acetabular base, arthrocapsular constriction, and varus deformity of the hip. The safety angle was significantly increased following arthroscopic reduction (53.5°) compared with the safety angle before treatment (18.5°) (p<0.05). Medialization of the femoral head was significantly increased (127%) compared with that before treatment (72%) (p<0.05). Arthroscopic reduction significantly reduced the acetabular angle (25°) compared with that before treatment (37.5°) (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Single approach arthroscopic reduction and debridement was an effective method for treating DDH that significantly improved the medialization rate of the femoral head, acetabular angle, and the outcome of external fixation when a plaster cast was used with fixed flexion and abduction of the hips.

Curr Med Sci ; 39(4): 604-608, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346997


Children presenting with partial physeal arrest and significant remaining growth may benefit from physeal bar resection, although the operation is a technique demanding procedure. This study evaluates the treatment of post-traumatic pediatric ankle varus deformity using physeal bar resection and hemi-epiphysiodesis with the assistance of two operative methods. Forty-five patients presenting with a distal tibial medial physeal bridge as well as ankle varus deformity following traumatic ankle physeal injury between 2009 and 2017 were followed. These patients were treated with physeal bar resection and hemi-epiphysiodesis, with the assistance of either fluoroscopy (10 cases) or intraoperative three-dimensional navigation (35 cases). Of the 45 cases, the median age was 9.0 years (range: 3-14 years) with 28 male and 17 female patients. The median of pre-operation ankle varus angle was 20 degrees (IQR 15-25) and 5 degrees (IQR 0-20) at the time of final follow up, representing a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). No differences were observed with regards to age, gender, and surgical history between effective group and ineffective group (P>0.05). The median of pre-operative ankle varus angles of the navigation and fluoroscopy groups were both 20 degrees (P>0.05). The median correction angle of the navigation and fluoroscopy groups was 10 and 15 degrees, respectively (P>0.05). Our results indicate that physeal bar resection and hemiepiphysiodesis are effective treatments for correcting ankle varus deformity due to traumatic medial physeal arrest of the distal tibia. We observe no difference in outcome between fluoroscopy group and three-dimensional navigation group during the procedures.

Tornozelo/patologia , Lâmina de Crescimento/metabolismo , Metatarso Varo/terapia , Tíbia/metabolismo , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Lâmina de Crescimento/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Metatarso Varo/genética , Metatarso Varo/patologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Tíbia/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento