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1.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126101, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628009

RESUMO

Porous carbon obtained by co-pyrolysis of plastic and biomass has received a lot of attention due to its excellent adsorption properties, and the pore structure plays an essential role in adsorption performance, however, the pore structure is still not well understood. Herein, we synthesized cyanobacteria-based porous carbon derived from cyanobacteria and polypropylene plastic by one-step method. CPC-800-30% exhibited a high BET surface area (2140 m2/g), pore volume up to 1.44 cm3/g. PP not only improved the pore structure of porous carbon, but also enriched the types of functional groups, such as O-H, N-H, C=O, and -CH, due to dehydroxylation or amino group decreased, resulting in the hydrogen radicals increased, hence PP had positive effect for biomass during co-pyrolysis. Meanwhile, CPC-800-30% showed excellent methylene blue (MB) adsorption capacity (667 mg/g). This work provided a new strategy for enhancing porous carbon structure via using PP as additive.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias , Azul de Metileno , Adsorção , Carbono , Polipropilenos , Porosidade
2.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 131933, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461329

RESUMO

As the heterogeneous Fenton reactions are always restricted by the unsatisfied reduction efficiency of Fe(III) and ineffective consumption of H2O2, many strategies have been developed. In this work, we prepared hydrothermal carbons (HTC) with different graphitization degrees using glucose under different hydrothermal times, and then they were combined with ferrihydrite (Fh). Interestingly, although 30%HTC/Fh has much better BPA degradation efficiency than Fh (26 times larger of calculated degradation rate constants), the decomposition rate of H2O2 in the former system is lower. The generated Fe(II) of HTC/Fh is much higher than that of Fh during the heterogeneous Fenton reactions, and the degradation of BPA is almost unaffected by p-benzoquinone (scavenger of superoxide radicals (O2•-)) while greatly inhibited by isopropanol (scavenger of hydroxyl radicals (HO•)). These results indicate that HTC act as electron donors due to the abundant carbon-centered persistent free radicals (PFRs) to directly reduce Fe(III) to Fe(II) and therefore decrease the H2O2 consumption by Fe(III), which subsequently inhibits the generation of less active O2•- and promote the utilization efficiency of H2O2. HTC with a low graphitization degree contain more PFRs for Fe(III) reducing, significantly enhancing the Fenton catalytic activity of Fh.


Assuntos
Compostos Férricos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Carbono , Ferro , Oxirredução
3.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(11): 11901-11909, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34872314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the incidence of heart disease has increased and patients are younger. Cardiac rehabilitation training has been proposed to improve the prognosis of patients with heart disease. Cardiac rehabilitation includes moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT). These two training methods have different effects in improving the prognosis of patients. The aim of the present study was to improve reference for patients with cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: English databases, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase, were searched from the establishment of the database to April 2021 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of rehabilitation training at different intensities. RevMan 5.3 was used for the meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 8 articles (with a total of 465 patients) were included, including 236 patients in the experimental group and 229 patients in the control group. Different intensities of training had statistically significant differences in peak oxygen uptake [mean difference (MD): 1.21, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.66 to 3.07, P=0.20] and the left ventricular ejection fraction difference (MD: 2.53, 95% CI: -2.10 to 7.17, P=0.28). DISCUSSION: Cardiac rehabilitation training can effectively improve the patient's cardiac function indicators and self-care ability, and reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, large-sample, multicenter, and long-term RCTs are needed to strengthen the findings of the study.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 23356, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34857818

RESUMO

PCBP1 is a multifunctional RNA-binding protein (RBP) expressed in most human cells and is involved in posttranscriptional gene regulation. PCBP1 regulates the alternative splicing, translation and RNA stability of many cancer-related genes and has been identified as a potential tumour suppressor gene. PCBP1 inhibits the invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, but there are few studies on the specific regulatory target and mechanism of RBPs in HCC, and it is unclear whether PCBP1 plays a role in tumour metastasis as a splicing factor. We analysed the regulation of gene expression by PCBP1 at the transcriptional level. We obtained and analysed PCBP1-knockdown RNA-seq data and eCLIP-seq data of PCBP1 in HepG2 cells and found that PCBP1 widely regulates the alternative splicing and expression of genes enriched in cancer-related pathways, including extracellular matrix, cell adhesion, small molecule metabolic process and apoptosis. We validated five regulated alternative splicing events affected by PCBP1 using RT-qPCR and found that there was a significant difference in the expression of APOC1 and SPHK1 between tumour and normal tissues. In this study, we provided convincing evidence that human PCBP1 profoundly regulates the splicing of genes associated with tumour metastasis. These findings provide new insight into potential markers or therapeutic targets for HCC treatment.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34890207

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence shows that metal halide perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) are well-described to show broad application prospects in lighting and display due to the wide color gamut and high color purity. However, it is still a great challenge to prepare high-quality all-inorganic PeLEDs by a solution method. For example, it is difficult to obtain all-inorganic perovskite films with good crystallinity and high grain orientation because of too fast and uncontrollable crystallization of all-inorganic perovskite films. Here, we demonstrated a multifunctional interface of formamide (FA)-doped PEDOT:PSS, which improved the crystallinity of all-inorganic perovskite films by inducing grain arrangement. As a result, a highly crystalline, ordered, and defect-passivated CsPbBr3 film was obtained by the multiple roles of FA, and the CsPbBr3-based PeLED treated with FA achieved both high brightness and high efficiency: the peak external quantum efficiency (EQE) reaches 9.61%, and the maximum brightness is 185,000 cd/m2. In addition, Tween 80, used as a passivator of perovskite films, reduced the defect states and suppressed ion migration. Under the synergistic effect of FA interface treatment and Tween 80 passivation treatment, efficient CsPbBr3-based PeLEDs were obtained with an EQE of 15.02% and an operation lifetime of 182.5 min at an initial brightness of 1000 cd/m2, which is among the best reported lifetimes under high brightness. Our study provides a simple and effective strategy for the realization of all-inorganic PeLEDs with high efficiency, high brightness, and ultralong operation lifetime.

6.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 770206, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34966366

RESUMO

Uranium pollution in tailings and its decay products is a global environmental problem. It is of great significance to use economical and efficient technologies to remediate uranium-contaminated soil. In this study, the effects of pH, temperature, and inoculation volume on stabilization efficiency and microbial community response of uranium tailings were investigated by a single-factor batch experiment in the remediation process by mixed sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB, Pantoea sp. grinm-12). The results showed that the optimal parameters of microbial stabilization by mixed SRB-PSB were pH of 5.0, temperature of 25°C, and inoculation volume of 10%. Under the optimal conditions, the uranium in uranium tailings presented a tendency to transform from the acid-soluble state to residual state. In addition, the introduction of exogenous SRB-PSB can significantly increase the richness and diversity of endogenous microorganisms, effectively maintain the reductive environment for the microbial stabilization system, and promote the growth of functional microorganisms, such as sulfate-reducing bacteria (Desulfosporosinus and Desulfovibrio) and iron-reducing bacteria (Geobacter and Sedimentibacter). Finally, PCoA and CCA analyses showed that temperature and inoculation volume had significant effects on microbial community structure, and the influence order of the three environmental factors is as follows: inoculation volume > temperature > pH. The outcomes of this study provide theoretical support for the control of uranium in uranium-contaminated sites.

7.
Foods ; 10(11)2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34828857

RESUMO

This study was conducted to analyze the effects of multiple freeze-thaw (F-T) cycles on microstructural disruption, water migration, protein oxidation and textural properties of cuttlefish. Low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR) showed an increase in the proportion of free water in cuttlefish flesh. It was also observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) that multiple F-T cycles increased the gap between muscle fibers and disrupted the original intact and compact structure. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, intrinsic fluorescence spectroscopy, Ca2+ATPase content, sulfhydryl content and free amino acid content indirectly prove that multiple F-T cycles can lead to the destruction of the a-helical structure of cuttlefish myofibril protein and the content of irregular curls increased, protein aggregation and degradation, and tryptophan oxidation. In addition, after repeated freezing and thawing, the water holding capacity, whiteness value, elasticity and chewiness of cuttlefish flesh decreased, the total volatile base nitrogen content increased. It can be concluded that the freeze-thaw cycles are very harmful to the quality of the frozen foods, so it is important to keep the temperature stable in the low-temperature food logistics.

8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6611, 2021 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785682

RESUMO

The evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis is a pivotal event in Earth's history because the O2 released fundamentally changed the planet's redox state and facilitated the emergence of multicellular life. An intriguing hypothesis proposes that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) once acted as the electron donor prior to the evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis, but its abundance during the Archean would have been limited. Here, we report a previously unrecognized abiotic pathway for Archean H2O2 production that involves the abrasion of quartz surfaces and the subsequent generation of surface-bound radicals that can efficiently oxidize H2O to H2O2 and O2. We propose that in turbulent subaqueous environments, such as rivers, estuaries and deltas, this process could have provided a sufficient H2O2 source that led to the generation of biogenic O2, creating an evolutionary impetus for the origin of oxygenic photosynthesis.

9.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 769558, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819836

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of the study is to demonstrate the characteristic of motor development and MRI changes of related brain regions in preterm infants with different iron statuses and to determine whether the daily iron supplementation can promote motor development for preterm in early infancy. Methods: The 63 preterm infants were grouped into non-anemia with higher serum ferritin (NA-HF) group and anemia with lower serum ferritin (A-LF) group according to their lowest serum Hb level in the neonatal period as well as the sFer at 3 months old. Forty-nine participants underwent MRI scans and Infant Neurological International Battery (INFANIB) at their 3 months. At 6 months of corrected age, these infants received the assessment of Peabody Developmental Motor Scales (PDMS) after 2 mg/kg/day iron supplementation. Results: In total, 19 preterm infants were assigned to the NA-HF group while 44 preterm infants to the A-LF groups. The serum ferritin (sFer) level of the infants in A-LF group was lower than that in NA-HF group (44.0 ± 2.8 mg/L vs. 65.1 ± 2.8 mg/L, p < 0.05) and was with poorer scores of INFANIB (66.8 ± 0.9 vs. 64.4 ± 0.6, p < 0.05) at 3 months old. The structural connectivity between cerebellum and ipsilateral thalamus in the NA-HF group was significantly stronger than that in the A-LF group (n = 17, 109.76 ± 23.8 vs. n = 32, 70.4 ± 6.6, p < 0.05). The decreased brain structural connectivity was positively associated with the scores of PDMS (r = 0.347, p < 0.05). After 6 months of routine iron supplementation, no difference in Hb, MCV, MCHC, RDW, and sFer was detected between A-LF and NA-HF groups as well as the motor scores of PDMS-2 assessments. Conclusion: Iron status at early postnatal period of preterm infant is related to motor development and the enrichment of brain structural connectivity. The decrease in brain structural connectivity is related to the motor delay. After supplying 2 mg/kg of iron per day for 6 months, the differences in the iron status and motor ability between the A-LF and NA-HF groups were eliminated.

10.
J Clin Invest ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730111

RESUMO

Dysregulation in adipokine biosynthesis and function contributes to obesity-induced metabolic diseases. However, the identities and functions of many of the obesity-induced secretory molecules remain unknown. Here, we report the identification of leucine-rich alpha-2-glycoprotein 1 (LRG1) as an obesity-associated adipokine that exacerbates high fat diet-induced hepatosteatosis and insulin resistance. Serum levels of LRG1 were markedly elevated in obese humans and mice compared to their respective controls. LRG1 deficiency in mice greatly alleviated diet-induced hepatosteatosis, obesity, and insulin resistance. Mechanistically, LRG1 bound with high selectivity to the liver and promoted hepatosteatosis by increasing de novo lipogenesis and suppressing fatty acid ß-oxidation. LRG1 also inhibited hepatic insulin signaling by down-regulating insulin receptor substrates 1 and 2. Our study identified LRG1 as a key molecule that mediates the crosstalk between adipocytes and hepatocytes in diet-induced hepatosteatosis and insulin resistance. Suppressing LRG1 expression and function may be a promising strategy for the treatment of obesity-related metabolic diseases.

11.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: With the increasing incidence of small gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR) and cap-assisted EFR (EFR-C) have been suggested as 2 effective resection methods. We aimed to compare the outcomes of EFR and EFR-C for the treatment of small (≤ 1.5 cm) gastric GISTs. METHODS: This retrospective study included 67 patients who underwent EFR and 46 patients who underwent EFR-C at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital. Clinicopathological features, adverse events and outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. Univariate and multivariate linear and logistic regressions were used to analyze the effects of the procedure on the therapeutic outcomes of patients and adjusted for covariates in multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The tumor size in the EFR group tended to be larger (P = 0.005). The resection time in the EFR-C group was shorter than that in the EFR group (38.3 ± 20.7 min vs 15.0 ± 11.8 min, P < 0.001), which retained statistical significance with adjustment for the covariates (adjusted mean difference: 22.2; 95% CI, 15.0-29.4, P < 0.001). The R0 resection rate of the EFR group was 94.0%, and for the EFR-C group, it was 97.8% (P = 0.355). The EFR-C group was superior to the EFR group in terms of perioperative therapeutic outcomes, adverse events and postoperative recovery. No recurrence occurred in the EFR and EFR-C groups. CONCLUSION: EFR-C was found to be the preferable technique for small (≤1.5 cm) gastric GISTs with shorter operation times, lower adverse events, faster postoperative recovery, and shorter hospitalization times as compared with those with EFR.

12.
Food Res Int ; 149: 110669, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600671

RESUMO

The present work investigated effects of high-temperature pressure cooking (HP) on physico-chemical properties and in vitro protein digestibility of cold-grind soymilk (CS) and blanched soymilk (BS). Confocal laser scanning microscopy presented that proteins and lipids in BS were obviously coalesced compared with CS, while HP treatment contributed to homogeneous dispersion of protein and lipid. Particle size of the BS and BSHP were larger than that of CS and CSHP. Tertiary structure of protein suggested that hydrophobic interactions and disulfide bonds in CS and CSHP were main force among protein molecules. Meanwhile hydrophobic interactions were account for 70% of the total bonds in BS and BSHP. The maximum fluorescence excitation wavelength (λmax) of BSHP (349.0 nm) was shown a red shift compared with CS (346.5 nm). For secondary structure of protein, ß-sheet was 30.61% in CS, while CSHP, BS and BSHP decreased by 2.65%, 5.73% and 7.77%, respectively. Thus, the protein in BS and BSHP were evidently aggregated, loose and disorder; while the CS and CSHP protein were dense and orderly. Also, HP treatment led to loose and unordered protein structure. Moreover, the in vitro digestibility was BSHP > BS > CSHP > CS. The difference in digestibility of four soymilk was determined by the protein structure. Sensory evaluation showed that blanching treatment effectively reduced beany flavor and HP decreased the diameter of oil bodies of BS, which led to smooth mouth feel and thus the highest global impression of BSHP.


Assuntos
Leite de Soja , Temperatura Baixa , Culinária , Temperatura Alta , Temperatura
13.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 711453, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651023

RESUMO

Plaque erosion (PE) is one of the most important pathological mechanisms underlying acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The incidence of PE is being increasingly recognized owing to the development and popularization of intracavitary imaging. Unlike traditional vulnerable plaques, eroded plaques have unique pathological characteristics. Moreover, recent studies have revealed that there are differences in the physiopathological mechanisms, biomarkers, and clinical outcomes between PE and plaque rupture (PR). Accurate diagnosis and treatment of eroded plaques require an understanding of the pathogenesis of PE. In this review, we summarize recent scientific discoveries of the pathological characteristics, mechanisms, biomarkers, clinical strategies, and prognosis in patients with PE.

14.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 479, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2016, the government of Bao'an District, Shenzhen, China launched a free medication program for all non-registered permanent residents with severe mental disorders (SMD) within its jurisdiction, in efforts to reduce the relapse caused by intermittent medication or non-medication. Participation in the program has not been analyzed since its inauguration. This study aimed to evaluate the participation of non-registered permanent residents with SMD in the program from 2016 to 2020 and to explore its influencing factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of 3760 non-registered permanent residents with SMD in Bao'an District, Shenzhen, China (response rate: 78.64%). Data have been obtained from two sources: the Shenzhen Information System for Psychosis in 2020 and the free medication program's management files from 2016 to 2020. We employ descriptive statistics to analyze the participation rate of the free medication program among non-registered permanent patients. Logistic regression analysis is used to explore the factors affecting the patients' participation in the program. RESULTS: The participation rate of the free medication program among non-registered permanent patients has shown an upward trend, rising from 28.83% in 2016 to 58.32% in 2020. High participation rates have been registered among the following patient subgroups: those aged between 30 and 39 (63.11%), those with high school/technical secondary school (62.33%), those from rural areas (61.62%), those living in poverty (67.79%), those suffering schizoaffective disorder (72.26%), those having SMD for less than 5 years (59.89%), and those with family history of mental illness (71.23%).Logistics regression analysis shows that age, patient-guardian relationship, place of residence, financial condition, types of disease, duration of illness and family history are the main factors affecting the patients' decision to participate in the free medication program. CONCLUSION: The steadily increasing participation rate of the free medication program indicates that the program has been gradually accepted and recognized by non-registered permanent residents with SMD. However, nearly half of the patients have yet to join the program. To further raise the participation rate, special attention should be given to patients who are financially secure, aged below 20, without guardians, intellectually disabled or suffering SMD for over 5 years.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 7649-7661, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675662

RESUMO

Background: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) were a promising liquid biopsy for pancreatic cancer (PC) but circulate in low counts in peripheral blood. We evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic values of portal vein (PoV) CTCs in PC patients. Methods: PoV was aspirated under EUS guidance from 40 patients with suspected pancreaticobiliary cancers. Epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-related subtypes of CTCs were identified via immunofluorescence using EpCAM and Twist antibodies. The diagnostic and prognostic performance of PoV CTCs was investigated by receiver-operating characteristic (AUC) curve and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Results: In total, 40 patients including 31 with PC, 4 with non-pancreatic periampullary cancer and 5 with benign pancreatic diseases (BPD) were enrolled. CTCs were detected more in PoV compared with peripheral blood. PoV CTC numbers in BPD patients were lower than in PC patients. The number of PoV CTCs, especially mesenchymal-CTCs (M-CTCs), was positively correlated with the tumor burden, instead of epithelial-CTCs (E-CTCs). The combination of PoV CTC numbers and CA19-9 demonstrated better diagnostic efficiency (AUC value 0.987) than either alone in differentiating PC with BPD. Moreover, the diagnostic efficacy of PoV CTCs and M-CTCs were obviously better than that of E-CTCs and CA19-9 in distinguishing early and late stage PC. Lastly, high PoV CTC and M-CTC numbers were both associated with shorter overall survival. Conclusion: Acquisition of the PoV samples in PC patients via EUS-guided procedures has been proved safe and feasible. PoV CTCs, especially M-CTCs, have great potentials in diagnosing and predicting the prognosis of PC, especially in combination with CA19-9.

16.
Molecules ; 26(20)2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684703

RESUMO

Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is associated with various health benefits. In this review, we searched current work about the effects of EGCG and its wound dressings on skin for wound healing. Hydrogels, nanoparticles, micro/nanofiber networks and microneedles are the major types of EGCG-containing wound dressings. The beneficial effects of EGCG and its wound dressings at different stages of skin wound healing (hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation and tissue remodeling) were summarized based on the underlying mechanisms of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, angiogenesis and antifibrotic properties. This review expatiates on the rationale of using EGCG to promote skin wound healing and prevent scar formation, which provides a future clinical application direction of EGCG.


Assuntos
Catequina/análogos & derivados , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bandagens/tendências , Catequina/metabolismo , Catequina/farmacologia , Cicatriz/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/metabolismo , Chá/metabolismo , Cicatrização/fisiologia
17.
Inorg Chem ; 60(19): 14803-14809, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516083

RESUMO

Cl atoms can serve as the innermost core, the peripheral ligand, or the counterions of metal nanoclusters. Herein, we report the structural determination a Cl-enriched [Ag52(SAdm)31Cl13]2+. The ratio of Cl to AdmSH is quite high compared to those of other nanoclusters. Structurally, nine Cl atoms, existing at the interlayer of the inner kernel and the surface motif, serve as the bridging ligands to sustain the robustness of the whole structure. Interestingly, four Cl atoms on the motif structure can be substituted by Br. This work allows us to clear the regulation of Cl ligands in the structural construction of metal nanoclusters.

18.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 707786, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489896

RESUMO

Microorganisms play a fundamental role in biogeochemical cycling and are highly sensitive to environmental factors, including the physiochemical properties of the soils and the concentrations of heavy metals/metalloids. In this study, high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene was used to study the microbial communities of farmland soils in farmland in the vicinity of a lead-zinc smelter. Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Gemmatimonadetes were the predominant phyla in the sites of interest. Sphingomonas, Gemmatimonas, Lysobacter, Flavisolibacter, and Chitinophaga were heavy metal-/metalloid-tolerant microbial groups with potential for bioremediation of the heavy metal/metalloid contaminated soils. However, the bacterial diversity was different for the different sites. The contents of heavy metal/metalloid species and the soil properties were studied to evaluate the effect on the soil bacterial communities. The Mantel test revealed that soil pH, total cadmium (T-Cd), and available arsenic played a vital role in determining the structure of the microbial communities. Further, we analyzed statistically the heavy metals/metalloids and the soil properties, and the results revealed that the microbial richness and diversity were regulated mainly by the soil properties, which correlated positively with organic matter and available nitrogen, while available phosphorus and available potassium were negatively correlated. The functional annotation of the prokaryotic taxa (FAPROTAX) method was used to predict the function of the microbial communities. Chemoheterotrophy and airborne chemoheterotrophy of the main microbial community functions were inhibited by soil pH and the heavy metals/metalloids, except in the case of available lead. Mantel tests revealed that T-Cd and available zinc were the dominant factors affecting the functions of the microbial communities. Overall, the research indicated that in contaminated soils, the presence of multiple heavy metals/metalloids, and the soil properties synergistically shaped the structure and function of the microbial communities.

19.
Neuroimage ; 242: 118465, 2021 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389444

RESUMO

The human brain demonstrates anatomical and functional lateralization/asymmetry between the left and right hemispheres, and such asymmetry is known to start from the early age of life. However, how the asymmetry changes with brain development during infancy remained unknown. In this study, we aimed to systematically investigate the spatiotemporal pattern of brain asymmetry in healthy preterm-born infants during the first-half-year of development, using high angular resolution diffusion MRI. Sixty-five healthy preterm-born infants (gestational age between 25.3-36.6 weeks) were scanned with postmenstrual age (PMA) ranging from term-equivalent age (TEA) to 6-months. At the regional level, we performed a region-of-interest-based analysis by segmenting the brain into 63 symmetrical pairs of regions, based on which the laterality index was assessed and correlated with PMA. At the voxel level, we performed a fixel-based analysis of each fiber component between the native and left-right flipped data, separately in TEA-1 month, 1-3 months, and 3-6 months groups. The infant brains demonstrated extensive regions with structural asymmetry during their first half-of-year of life. A distinct central-peripheral asymmetry pattern was observed in mean diffusivity, namely, leftward lateralization in the neocortex and rightward asymmetry in the deep brain regions. Besides, the posterior brain demonstrated a higher lateralization index compared with the anterior brain in all metrics, which is congruent with the brain developmental pattern from caudal to rostral. Regionally, language processing regions showed a rightward asymmetry, while visuospatial processing regions exhibited leftward lateralization in fractional anisotropy, fibre density, and fibre cross-section measurements, and most white matter regions were lateralized to the left in these measurements. The laterality index of several regions (12 out 63) demonstrated significant developmental changes in mean diffusivity. At the fixel level, the fiber cross-section of inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus showed significant leftward asymmetry and the extent of asymmetry increased with PMA. In summary, the results revealed unique spatiotemporal patterns of macro- and micro-structural asymmetry in early life, which dynamically changed with age. These findings may contribute to the understanding of brain development during infancy.

20.
Cancer Lett ; 519: 315-327, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343634

RESUMO

Recent studies suggest that RRP15 (Ribosomal RNA Processing 15 Homolog) might be a potential target for cancer therapy. However, the role of RRP15 in hepatocarcinogenesis remains poorly delineated. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the expression and biological function of RRP15 in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We show that RRP15 was up regulated in HCC cell lines and tumours. Up-regulation of RRP15 in HCC tumours was also correlated with unfavorable prognosis. We further show that the frequent up-regulation of RRP15 in HCCs is at least partly driven by recurrent gene copy gain at chromosome 1q41. Functional studies indicated that RRP15 knockdown suppresses HCC proliferation and growth both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, RRP15 depletion in p53-wild-type HepG2 cells induced senescence via activation of the p53-p21 signalling pathway through enhanced interaction of RPL11 with MDM2, as well as inhibition of SIRT1-mediated p53 deacetylation. Moreover, RRP15 depletion in p53-mutant PLC5 and p53-deleted Hep3B cells induced metabolic shift from the glycolytic pentose-phosphate to mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation via regulating a series of key genes such as HK2 and TIGAR, and thus, promoted the generation of ROS and apoptosis. Taken together, our findings provide evidence for an important role of the RRP15 gene in hepatocarcinogenesis through regulation of HCC proliferation and growth, raising the possibility that targeting RRP15 may represent a potential therapeutic strategy for HCC treatment.

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