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Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756484


In this study, an endophytic actinobacterium Glutamicibacter halophytocola KLBMP 5180, was investigated for the production and antioxidant activity of exopolysaccharides (EPSs). First, the suitable fermentation time, temperature, inoculation volume, pH value, and the carbon and nitrogen sources for EPSs production were obtained using the one variable at a time method (OVAT). Then, a central composition design was used for fermentation conditions optimization to obtain the maximum EPS yield. The optimal medium and condition were as follows: 100 mL broth in 250 mL Erlenmeyer flasks, including 3.65 g/L maltose, 9.88 g/L malt extract, 3.40 g/L yeast extract, 1.41 g/L MnCl2, pH 7.5, culture temperature 28 °C, and 200 rpm for 7 days, which increased the yield of EPSs to 2.89 g/L. Two purified EPSs, 5180EPS-1 (MW 58.9 kDa) and 5180EPS-2 (10.5 kDa), comprising rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, glucuronic acid, xylose, and arabinose, were obtained for chemical analysis and antioxidant evaluation. The scavenging ability and reducing power of the superoxide anion and hydroxyl radicals demonstrated the moderate in vitro antioxidant activities of the two EPSs, thus indicating their potential to be a new source of natural antioxidants. However, further structure elucidation and functional studies need to be continued.