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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(55): 7657-7660, 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520025

RESUMO

The isolation of high-quality flakes of 2D MOFs in large amounts remains a challenge. In this work, we obtained nanosheets for a whole family of Fe-based magnetic MOFs, MUV-1-X, through a liquid exfoliation procedure. High-quality crystalline layers with lateral sizes of 8 µm and thicknesses of 4 nm, which retain the structural integrity and magnetic properties, are obtained.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(50): 46658-46665, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752488

RESUMO

The synthesis of a new microporous metal-organic framework (MOF) based on two secondary building units, with dinuclear cobalt centers, has been developed. The employment of a well-defined cobalt cluster results in an unusual topology of the Co2-MOF, where one of the cobalt centers has three open coordination positions, which has no precedent in MOF materials based on cobalt. Adsorption isotherms have revealed that Co2-MOF is in the range of best CO2 adsorbents among the carbon materials, with very high CO2/CH4 selectivity. On the other hand, dispersion of Co2-MOF in an alcoholic solution of Nafion gives rise to a composite (Co2-MOF@Nafion) with great resistance to hydrolysis in aqueous media and good adherence to graphite electrodes. In fact, it exhibits high electrocatalytic activity and robustness for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), with a turnover frequency number value superior to those reported for similar electrocatalysts. Overall, this work has provided the basis for the rational design of new cobalt OER catalysts and related materials employing well-defined metal clusters as directing agents of the MOF structure.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(99): 14992-14995, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777875

RESUMO

The first family of hybrid mononuclear organic-inorganic lanthanoid complexes is reported, based on [PW11O39]7- and 1,10-phenanthroline ligands. This hybrid approach causes a dramatic improvement of the relaxation time (×1000) with a decrease of the optimal field while maintaining the Ueff of the inorganic analogues.

4.
Beilstein J Nanotechnol ; 10: 1883-1893, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598454

RESUMO

The design of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) incorporating electroactive guest molecules in the pores has become a subject of great interest in order to obtain additional electrical functionalities within the framework while maintaining porosity. Understanding the charge-transfer (CT) process between the framework and the guest molecules is a crucial step towards the design of new electroactive MOFs. Herein, we present the encapsulation of fullerenes (C60) in a mesoporous tetrathiafulvalene (TTF)-based MOF. The CT process between the electron-acceptor C60 guest and the electron-donor TTF ligand is studied in detail by means of different spectroscopic techniques and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Importantly, gas sorption measurements demonstrate that sorption capacity is maintained after encapsulation of fullerenes, whereas the electrical conductivity is increased by two orders of magnitude due to the CT interactions between C60 and the TTF-based framework.

5.
Chemistry ; 25(71): 16390-16396, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603997

RESUMO

Expanding the previously known family of -onium (ammonium, phosphonium, and sulfonium) organic structure-directing agents (OSDAs) for the synthesis of zeolite MFI, a new member, the arsonium cation, is used for the first time. The new group of tetraalkylarsonium cations has allowed the synthesis of the zeolite ZSM-5 with several different chemical compositions, opening a route for the synthesis of zeolites with a new series of OSDA. Moreover, the use of As replacing N in the OSDA allows the introduction of probe atoms that facilitate the study of these molecules by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR), and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). Finally, the influence of trivalent elements such as B, Al, or Ga isomorphically replacing Si atoms in the framework structure and its interaction with the As species has been studied. The suitability of the tetraalkylarsonium cation for carrying out the crystallization of zeolites is demonstrated along with the benefit of the presence of As atoms in the occluded OSDA, which allows its advanced characterization as well as the study of its evolution during OSDA removal by thermal treatments.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(73): 10932-10935, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441465

RESUMO

Here we show for the first time a MOF that is photocatalytically active for light-assisted CO2 methanation under mild conditions (215 °C) without the inclusion of metallic nanoparticles or any sacrificial agent. The presence of Cu2O nanoparticles causes a 50% increase in the photocatalytic activity. This result paves the way for developing efficient and cost-effective materials for CO2 elimination.

7.
Chemistry ; 25(54): 12636-12643, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350922

RESUMO

Tetrathiafulvalene-lanthanide (TTF-Ln) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are an interesting class of multifunctional materials in which porosity can be combined with electronic properties such as electrical conductivity, redox activity, luminescence and magnetism. Herein a new family of isostructural TTF-Ln MOFs is reported, denoted as MUV-5(Ln) (Ln=Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er), exhibiting semiconducting properties as a consequence of the short intermolecular S⋅⋅⋅S contacts established along the chain direction between partially oxidised TTF moieties. In addition, this family shows photoluminescence properties and single-molecule magnetic behaviour, finding near-infrared (NIR) photoluminescence in the Yb/Er derivative and slow relaxation of the magnetisation in the Dy and Er derivatives. As such properties are dependent on the electronic structure of the lanthanide ion, the immense structural, electronic and functional versatility of this class of materials is emphasised.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(17): 7173-7180, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973716

RESUMO

Herein we report the synthesis of an elusive metal-organic framework, the iron(II) analogue of ZIF-8 with the formula Fe(2-methylimidazolate)2, here denoted as MUV-3. The preparation of this highly interesting porous material, inaccessible by common synthetic procedures, occurs in a solvent-free reaction upon addition of an easily detachable template molecule, yielding single crystals of MUV-3. This methodology can be extended to other metals and imidazolate derivatives, allowing the preparation of ZIF-8, ZIF-67, and the unprecedented iron(II) ZIFs Fe(2-ethylimidazolate)2 and Fe(2-methylbenzimidazolate)2. The different performance of MUV-3 toward NO sorption, in comparison to ZIF-8, results from the chemisorption of NO molecules, which also causes a gate-opening behavior. Finally, the controlled pyrolysis of MUV-3 results in a N-doped graphitic nanocomposite that exhibits extraordinary performance for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), with low overpotential at different current densities (316 mV at 10 mA cm-2), low Tafel slope (37 mV per decade), high maximum current density (710 mA cm-2 at 2.0 V vs RHE), and great durability (15 h).

9.
Dalton Trans ; 47(41): 14734-14740, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30283944

RESUMO

Here we report the structural flexibility of a Dy-based single-ion magnet MOF in which its magnetic properties can be modified through a ligand substitution process involving an increase of the charge density of the coordination environment.

10.
Chemistry ; 24(47): 12426-12432, 2018 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29989253

RESUMO

Modification of the magnetic properties in a solid-state material upon external stimulus has attracted much attention in the recent years for their potential applications as switches and sensors. Within the field of coordination polymers, gas sorption studies typically focus on porous solids, with the gas molecules accommodating in the channels. Here we present a 1D non-porous coordination polymer capable of incorporating HCl gas molecules, which not only causes a reordering of its atoms in the solid state but also provokes dramatic changes in the magnetic behavior. Subsequently, a further solid-gas transformation can occur with the extrusion of HCl gas molecules causing a second structural rearrangement, which is also accompanied by modification in the magnetic path between the metal centers. Unequivocal evidence of the two-step magnetostructural transformation is provided by X-ray single-crystal diffraction.

11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(33): 10562-10569, 2018 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30040405

RESUMO

"Breathing" metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) that involve changes in their structural and physical properties upon an external stimulus are an interesting class of crystalline materials due to their range of potential applications including chemical sensors. The addition of redox activity opens up a new pathway for multifunctional "breathing" frameworks. Herein, we report the continuous breathing behavior of a tetrathiafulvalene (TTF)-based MOF, namely MUV-2, showing a reversible swelling (up to ca. 40% of the volume cell) upon solvent adsorption. Importantly, the planarity of the TTF linkers is influenced by the breathing behavior of the MOF, directly impacting on its electrochemical properties and thus opening the way for the development of new electrochemical sensors. Quantum chemical calculations and Raman spectroscopy have been used to provide insights into the tunability of the oxidation potential.

12.
Chem Sci ; 9(9): 2413-2418, 2018 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29732116

RESUMO

Herein we report the synthesis of a tetrathiafulvalene (TTF)-based MOF, namely MUV-2, which shows a non-interpenetrated hierarchical crystal structure with mesoporous one-dimensional channels of ca. 3 nm and orthogonal microporous channels of ca. 1 nm. This highly stable MOF (aqueous solution with pH values ranging from 2 to 11 and different organic solvents), which possesses the well-known [Fe3(µ3-O)(COO)6] secondary building unit, has proven to be an efficient catalyst for the aerobic oxidation of dibenzothiophenes.

13.
Chem Sci ; 9(1): 199-208, 2018 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29629088

RESUMO

A new family of chloroquinolinate lanthanoid complexes of the formula A+[Ln(5,7Cl2q)4]-, with Ln = Y3+, Tb3+ and Dy3+ and A+ = Na+, NEt4+ and K0.5(NEt4)0.5+, is studied, both in bulk and as thin films. Several members of the family are found to present single-molecule magnetic behavior in bulk. Interestingly, the sodium salts can be sublimed under high vacuum conditions retaining their molecular structures and magnetic properties. These thermally stable compounds have been deposited on different substrates (Al2O3, Au and NiFe). The magnetic properties of these molecular films show the appearance of cusps in the zero-field cooled curves when they are deposited on permalloy (NiFe). This indicates a magnetic blocking caused by the interaction between the single-ion magnet and the ferromagnet. X-ray absorption spectroscopy confirms the formation of hybrid states at the molecule/metal interface.

14.
Chem Soc Rev ; 47(2): 533-557, 2018 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29112210

RESUMO

In this review, we show the different approaches developed so far to prepare metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) presenting electronic functionalities, with particular attention to magnetic properties. We will cover the chemical design of frameworks necessary for the incorporation of different magnetic phenomena, as well as the encapsulation of functional species in their pores leading to hybrid multifunctional MOFs combining an extended lattice with a molecular lattice.

15.
Polymers (Basel) ; 8(5)2016 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979261

RESUMO

The encapsulation of functional molecules inside porous coordination polymers (also known as metal-organic frameworks, MOFs) has become of great interest in recent years at the field of multifunctional materials. In this article, we present a study of the effects of size and charge in the anion exchange process of a Gd based MOF, involving molecular species like polyoxometalates (POMs), and [AuCl4]-. This post-synthetic modification has been characterized by IR, EDAX, and single crystal diffraction, which have provided unequivocal evidence of the location of the anion molecules in the framework.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 54(21): 10490-6, 2015 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26468913

RESUMO

A new magnetic coordination polymer, [Fe(bipy)(im)2] (bipy = 4,4-bipyridine and im = imidazole), has been synthesized in a solvent-free reaction. Structural analysis reveals a pillared 3D coordination polymer composed by neutral layers, formed by iron(II) and imidazolate linkers, interconnected by bipy ligands which serve as pillars. Magnetic measurements show that the material magnetically orders at low temperatures (Tc = 14.5 K) as a weak ferromagnet, likely due to a spin canting.


Assuntos
Magnetismo , Polímeros/química , Solventes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Termogravimetria
17.
Inorg Chem ; 54(11): 5410-8, 2015 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25965415

RESUMO

The similar bis-bidentate coordination mode of oxalato and anilato-based ligands is exploited here to create the first examples of 2D and 3D heterometallic lattices based on anilato ligands combining M(I) and a M(III) ions, phases already observed with oxalato but unknown with anilato-type ligands. These lattices are prepared with alkaline metal ions and magnetic chiral tris(anilato)metalate molecular building blocks: [M(III)(C6O4X2)3](3-) (M(III) = Fe and Cr; X = Cl and Br; (C6O4X2)(2-) = dianion of the 3,6-disubstituted derivatives of 2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-benzoquinone, H4C6O4). The new compounds include two very similar 2D lattices formulated as (PBu3Me)2[NaCr(C6O4Br2)3] (1) and (PPh3Et)2[KFe(C6O4Cl2)3](dmf)2 (2), both presenting hexagonal [M(I)M(III)(C6O4X2)3](2-) honeycomb layers with (PBu3Me)(+) in 1 or (PPh3Et)(+) and dmf in 2 inserted between them. Minor modifications in the synthetic conditions yield the novel 3D lattice (NEt3Me)[Na(dmf)][NaFe(C6O4Cl2)3] (3), in which hexagonal layers analogous to 1 and 2 are interconnected through Na(+) cations, and (NBu3Me)2[NaCr(C6O4Br2)3] (4), the first heterometallic 3D lattice based on anilato ligands. This compound presents two interlocked chiral 3D (10,3) lattices with opposite chiralities. Attempts to prepare 4 in larger quantities result in the 2D polymorph of compound 4 (4'). Magnetic properties of compounds 1, 3, and 4' are reported, and in all cases we observe, as expected, paramagnetic behaviors that can be satisfactorily reproduced with simple monomer models including a zero field splitting (ZFS) of the corresponding S = 3/2 for Cr(III) in 1 and 4' or S = 5/2 for Fe(III) in 3.

18.
Chemistry ; 21(24): 8799-811, 2015 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25962844

RESUMO

Despite an absence of conventional porosity, the 1D coordination polymer [Ag4 (O2 C(CF2 )2 CF3 )4 (TMP)3 ] (1; TMP=tetramethylpyrazine) can absorb small alcohols from the vapour phase, which insert into AgO bonds to yield coordination polymers [Ag4 (O2 C(CF2 )2 CF3 )4 (TMP)3 (ROH)2 ] (1-ROH; R=Me, Et, iPr). The reactions are reversible single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformations. Vapour-solid equilibria have been examined by gas-phase IR spectroscopy (K=5.68(9)×10(-5) (MeOH), 9.5(3)×10(-6) (EtOH), 6.14(5)×10(-5) (iPrOH) at 295 K, 1 bar). Thermal analyses (TGA, DSC) have enabled quantitative comparison of two-step reactions 1-ROH→1→2, in which 2 is the 2D coordination polymer [Ag4 (O2 C(CF2 )2 CF3 )4 (TMP)2 ] formed by loss of TMP ligands exclusively from singly-bridging sites. Four polymorphic forms of 1 (1-A(LT) , 1-A(HT) , 1-B(LT) and 1-B(HT) ; HT=high temperature, LT=low temperature) have been identified crystallographically. In situ powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) studies of the 1-ROH→1→2 transformations indicate the role of the HT polymorphs in these reactions. The structural relationship between polymorphs, involving changes in conformation of perfluoroalkyl chains and a change in orientation of entire polymers (A versus B forms), suggests a mechanism for the observed reactions and a pathway for guest transport within the fluorous layers. Consistent with this pathway, optical microscopy and AFM studies on single crystals of 1-MeOH/1-A(HT) show that cracks parallel to the layers of interdigitated perfluoroalkyl chains develop during the MeOH release/uptake process.

19.
Chemistry ; 20(34): 10695-702, 2014 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24804629

RESUMO

The formation of a metal-organic framework (MOF) with nodes that have single-molecule magnet (SMM) behaviour has been achieved by using mononuclear lanthanoid analogues, also known as single-ion magnets (SIMs), which enormously simplifies the challenging issue of making SMM-MOFs. Here we present a rational design of a family of MOFs, [Ln(bipyNO)4](TfO)3⋅x solvent (Ln=Tb (1); Dy (2); Ho (3); Er (4); TfO=triflate), in which the lanthanoid centres have an square-antiprismatic coordination environment suitable for SIM behaviour. Magnetic measurements confirm the existence of slow magnetic relaxation typical of SMMs, which has been rationalised by means of a radial effective charge model. In addition, we have explored the incorporation of bulky polyoxometalates (POMs) into the cavities of the SIM-MOF by anion exchange, finding that they do not interfere with the slow magnetic relaxation. This demonstrates the robustness of the frameworks and opens the possibility of incorporating non-innocent anions.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 53(9): 4482-90, 2014 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24738562

RESUMO

In this work, we present a family of Fe(II) coordination polymers of general formula [Fe(btzx)(3-3x)(btix)(3x)](ClO4)2 with interesting spin-crossover properties. These coordination polymers have been synthesized using chemical mixtures of two different but closely related ligands, 1,4-bis(tetrazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (btzx) and 1,4-bis(triazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (btix), and the effect of a gradual substitution of the ligand in the spin transition temperature has been investigated. Several chemical mixtures have been structurally characterized by X-ray powder diffraction indicating a clear critical amount in the composition of the mixture after which mixed phases rather than a single phase comprising mixed components are observed. Importantly, this approach causes the appearance of a new transition at lower temperatures that is not present in the pure [Fe(L)3](ClO4)2 systems.


Assuntos
Compostos Ferrosos/química , Polímeros/química , Ligantes , Difração de Pó , Termogravimetria
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