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1.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 359-364, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of environmental and climatic factors on the distribution of suitable habitats of Haemaphysalis longicornis, and to predict the potential distribution of H. longicornis under different climate patterns in China. METHODS: Data pertaining to the distribution of H. longicornis were retrieved from public literatures. The effects of 19 climatic factors (annual mean temperature, annual mean temperature difference between day and night, isothermality, standard deviation of seasonal variation of temperature, maximum temperature of the warmest month, minimum temperature of the coldest month, temperature annual range, mean temperature of the wettest season, mean temperature of the driest season, mean temperature of the warmest season, mean temperature of the coldest season, annual mean precipitation, precipitation of the wettest month, precipitation of the driest month, coefficient of variance of precipitation, precipitation of the wettest season, precipitation of the driest season, precipitation of the warmest season and precipitation of the coldest season) and 4 environmental factors (elevation, slope, slope aspect and vegetation coverage) on the potential distribution of H. longicornis were assessed using the maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model based on the H. longicornis distribution data and climatic and environmental data, and the potential distribution of H. longicornis was predicted under the RCP 2.6 and 8.5 emissions scenarios. RESULTS: Among the environmental and climatic factors affecting the geographical distribution of H. longicornis in China, the factors contributing more than 10% to the distribution of H. longicornis mainly included the precipitation of the driest month (26.0%), annual mean temperature (11.2%), annual mean precipitation (10.0%) and elevation (24.2%). Under the current climate pattern, the high-, medium- and low-suitable habitats of H. longicornis are 1 231 900, 1 696 200 km2 and 1 854 400 km2 in China, respectively. The distribution of H. longicornis increased by 336 100 km2 and 367 300 km2 in 2050 and 2070 under the RCP 2.6 emissions scenario, and increased by 381 000 km2 and 358 000 km2 in 2050 and 2070 under the RCP 8.5 emissions scenario in China, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Climatic and environmental factors, such as precipitation, temperature and elevation, greatly affect the distribution of H. longicornis in China, and the suitable habitats of H. longicornis may expand in China under different climate patterns in future.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Ecossistema , China , Clima , Previsões , Temperatura
2.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 365-372, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current distribution of ticks and predict the suitable habitats of ticks in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2017, so as to provide insights into tick control and management of tick-borne diseases in these areas. METHODS: All publications pertaining to tick and pathogen distribution in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration were retrieved, and the geographical location of tick distribution was extracted. The effects of 19 climatic factors on the distribution of ticks were examined using the jackknife method, including the mean temperature of the wettest quarter, precipitation of the coldest quarter, mean temperature of the driest quarter, maximum temperature of the warmest month, precipitation of the driest month, minimal temperature of the coldest month, annual precipitation, mean daily temperature range, precipitation seasonality, annual temperature range, temperature seasonality, annual mean temperature, mean temperature of the warmest quarter, precipitation of the wettest quarter, isothermality, mean temperature of the coldest quarter, precipitation of the wettest month, precipitation of the driest quarter and precipitation of the warmest quarter. The distribution of ticks was analyzed in 2020 using the maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model, and the potential suitable habitats of ticks were predicted in 2070 using the MaxEnt model based on climatic data. RESULTS: A total of 380 Chinese and English literatures were retrieved, and 148 tick distribution sites were extracted, with 135 sites included in the subsequent analysis. There were 7 genera (Haemaphysalis, Rhipicephalus, Ixodes, Dermacentor, Boophilus, Hyalomma and Amblyomma) and 27 species of ticks detected in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration. The climatic factors affecting the distribution of ticks in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration mainly included the mean temperature of the wettest quarter and the precipitation of the coldest quarter, with 26.1% and 23.6% contributions to tick distributions. The high-, medium- and low-suitable habitats of ticks were 20 337.08, 40 017.38 km2 and 74 931.43 km2 in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2020, respectively. The climate changes led to south expansion of the suitable habitats of ticks in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2070, and the total areas of suitable habitats of ticks was predicted to increase by 18 100 km2. In addition, the high-, medium- and low-suitable habitats of ticks were predicted to increase to 24 317.84, 45 283.02 km2 and 83 766.38 km2 in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in 2070, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple tick species are widespread in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration, and the future climate changes may lead to expansion of tick distribution in these areas.


Assuntos
Ixodes , Rios , Animais , Mudança Climática , Ecossistema , Temperatura
4.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(9): 799-803, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404180

RESUMO

In the past,treatment of acute ilio-femoral deep vein thrombosis (IFDVT) was mainly based on anticoagulation alone,but 30%-50% of patients will develop post-thrombotic syndrome,causing a serious medical burden.Thrombus removal technology such as catheter-directed thrombolysis and percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy can effectively remove blood clots and compensate for the deficiencies of simple anticoagulation,which is expected to improve the prognosis of such disease,but the current evidence is insufficient,and other treatments such as filter implantation and compression therapy are also controversial.This article summarizes the treatment strategies and the latest progress of acute IFDVT,hoping to help the treatment of this type of disease.

5.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(3): 267-273, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286528

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the environmental factors affecting the geographical distribution of Rhipicephalus microplus in China, and to examine the impact of climate changes on the distribution of R. microplus in China. METHODS: The national and international publications pertaining to the geographical distribution of R. microplus in China were retrieved, and the geographical location was extracted. The suitable habitats of R. microplus and the dominant environmental factors affecting the distribution of suitable habitats of R. microplus were predicted in China based on the geographical data and environmental variables using the ArcGIS 10.7 software and the maximum entropy model. RESULTS: Among the main climatic factors affecting the geographical distribution of R. microplus in China, the factors contributing more than 10% to the suitable habitats of R. microplus mainly include the annual mean precipitation (38.2%), the average temperature of the coldest quarter (28.4%) and the precipitation of the driest month (14.2%). The current suitable habitats of R. microplus were mainly found in southern China, and the high-, medium- and low-suitable areas accounted for 8.6%, 13.1% and 10.5% of the total land area of China, respectively. The suitable habitats of R. microplus were predicted to increase by 399 800 km2 in China using the maximum entropy model under the RCP 4.5 emissions scenario in 2070, and the emerging suitable habitats were mainly distributed in Gansu Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province, Hebei Province, Shaanxi Province, Liaoning Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Shandong Province, Sichuan Province and Tibeten Autonomous Region. In addition, the suitable habitats of R. microplus were predicted to show an overall expansion towards northward from present to 2070. CONCLUSIONS: Climate changes affect the distribution of suitable habitats of R. microplus in China, and annual mean precipitation may be a key factor affecting the distribution of suitable habitats of R. microplus.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Rhipicephalus , Animais , China , Ecossistema , Temperatura
6.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(3): 281-286, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286530

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the environmental factors affecting the distribution of suitable habitats of Ixodes ovatus, and to examine the effects of environmental changes on the distribution of suitable habitats of I. ovatus. METHODS: Data pertaining to the distribution of I. ovatus in China were captured by literature review. The distribution of suitable habitats of I. ovatus in China was simulated using the maximum entropy model with the environmental variable data and the I. ovatus distribution data. In addition, the potential distribution of suitable habitats of I. ovatus was predicted based on the 2050 and 2070 environmental data. RESULTS: The current suitable habitats of I. ovatus cover 3.11 million km2, accounting for 32.28% of the total land area of China, and they are mainly concentrated in southwestern and northwestern China. Among the screened 16 environmental factors, the standard deviation of seasonal variation of temperature, average annual precipitation and altitude were predominant environmental factors affecting the distribution of suitable habitats of I. ovatus, and these three variables contributed 76.5% to the distribution of suitable habitats of I. ovatus in China. The suitable habitats of I. ovatus were predicted to showing a tendency towards expansion to northwestern and northeastern China in 2050 and 2070, and the proportion of highly suitable habitats of I. ovatus was predicted to increase. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate climate, adequate precipitation and high altitude are favorable for the survival of I. ovatus. Future climate changes may cause expansion of suitable habitats of I. ovatus in China.


Assuntos
Ixodes , Altitude , Animais , China , Mudança Climática , Ecossistema
7.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(6): 459-464, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098696

RESUMO

Choroidal thinning is an important feature of high myopia and has a negative correlation with the degree of myopia. However, due to the limitations of choroidal imaging, specific changes in choroidal thickness and vasculature are unclear. In recent years, the development of optical coherence tomography technology and optical coherence tomography angiography technology has made it possible to solve the problem. Emergence of biomarkers that objectively quantify choroidal thickness and vascular changes will help us understand the pathogenesis of high myopia and provide new ideas for the prognosis and treatment of myopia. In this review, in order to provide reference for clinical work, we summarize recent advances in the application of the two technologies in observing morphological changes of the choroid in high myopia and discuss the problems and prospects when they are combined with artificial intelligence for choroidal imaging. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 459-464).


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Miopia , Angiografia , Corioide/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
8.
Br J Dermatol ; 185(4): 868-869, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33997958
9.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(2): 169-176, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008364

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of environmental factors the distribution of Ixodes persulcatus, and to predict the future suitable habitats of I. persulcatus in China. METHODS: The known distribution sites of I. persulcatus in China were captured from national and international published literatures. The effects of 14 environmental factors on the distribution of I. persulcatus were examined using the Jackknife test, including mean annual temperature, mean monthly temperature range, isothermality, temperature seasonality, maximum temperature of the warmest month, minimum temperature of the coldest month, temperature annual range, mean temperature of the wettest quarter, mean temperature of the driest quarter, mean temperature of the wet-test quarter, mean temperature of the coldest quarter, annual mean precipitation, precipitation of the wettest month, precipitation of the driest month, precipitation seasonality, precipitation of the wettest quarter, precipitation of the driest quarter, precipitation of the warmest quarter, precipitation of the coldest quarter, elevation, slope, aspect and vegetation. The suitable habitats of I. persulcatus were predicted in China using the maximum entropy model and ArcGIS 10.7 software with the environmental factors. RESULTS: Currently, the highly suitable habitats of I. persulcatus covered an area of 886 600 km2 in China, which were predominantly located in northeastern China. The environmental factors that contributed more than 10% to the distribution of the suitable habitats of I. persulcatus in China included annual temperature variation range (39.1%), the coldest quarterly precipitation (23.2%), and the annual mean precipitation (11.9%). Based on the maximum entropy model, the suitable habitats of I. persulcatus were predicted to show a shrinking tendency towards northeastern China in 2070. CONCLUSIONS: The suitable habitat of I. persulcatus strongly correlates with temperature and precipitation, and climate and environmental changes may lead to shrinking of the future suitable habitat of I. persulcatus in China.


Assuntos
Ixodes , Animais , China , Clima , Ecossistema , Temperatura
10.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(6): 2029-2036, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302615

RESUMO

Dysregulation of the adipo-osteogenic differentiation balance of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are common progenitor cells of adipocytes and osteoblasts, has been associated with many pathophysiologic diseases, such as obesity, osteopenia, and several neurodegenerative disorders. Growing evidence suggests that lipid metabolism is crucial for maintaining stem cell homeostasis and cell differentiation, however, the detailed underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that CYP46A1 genes are key determinants of MSC increasing lipid droplet formation. Brain cholesterol is synthesized in situ and cannot cross the blood-brain barrier: to be exported from the central nervous system into the blood circuit, excess cholesterol must be converted to 24S-hydroxycholesterol by the cholesterol 24-hydroxylase encoded by the CYP46A1 gene. To address this issue, we used an adenoassociated virus (AAV) gene transfer strategy to increase CYP46A1 expression in order to investigate the consequences on the human mesenchymal stem cell (hU-MSCs). CYP46A1 expression was assessed with Western blotting and quantitative reverse transcription PCR. We found that CYP46A1 expression was increased during adipogenesis, and treatment with exogenous CYP46A1 increased adipogenesis. Thus, we hypothesize that CYP46A1 overexpression in hU-MSCs would significantly enhance cholesterol turnover in the brain of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). CYP46A1 can potentially serve as a specific target to modify the therapeutic and biological effects of hU-MSCs on HIE patients.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Adipócitos , Diferenciação Celular , Colesterol , Humanos , Gotículas Lipídicas , Osteogênese , Esteroide Hidroxilases , Cordão Umbilical
11.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(12): 1049-1054, 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33342163

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinic value of ultrasound 3-dimensional shear wave elastography (3D-SWE) in therapeutic effect evaluation of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for HER-2 positive breast cancer patients. Methods: A total of 43 lesions from 43 HER-2 positive breast cancer patients were selected and all of the lesions were confirmed by biopsy. Ultrasound examination was performed routinely before each chemotherapy cycle. The interested regions were selected under the 3-dimensional (3D) elasticity and gray-scale mode, the relevant data such as shear waves in the transverse, longitudinal and coronal sections of the mass were generated automatically. According to the histopathological results, the patients were divided into the pathological complete remission (pCR) group and the incomplete remission (non-pCR) group. The maximum elastic hardness value (Emax) and the reduction degree (ΔEmax) of the lesions in the two groups were measured and compared in each cycle of NAC. The accuracy of 3D-SWE technique for predicting the efficacy of NAC was evaluated using indicators such as sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: The clinicopathologic features between pCR group (18 cases) and non-pCR Group (25 cases) were not significantly different (P>0.05). Compared with pre-chemotherapy, the Emax values of pCR group and non-pCR Group during chemotherapy were declined (P<0.05). Moreover, the Emax values of pCR group before and after chemotherapy were lower than those of non-pCR group (P<0.05). At the end of the first cycle of chemotherapy, the predictive specificity, sensitivity and area under the curve (AUC) of pCR group were 72.0%, 83.3% and 0.838 (95%CI=0.680~0.930) respectively when the cutoff value of Emax was 118 kPa. At the end of the second cycle, the predictive specificity, sensitivity and AUC of pCR group were 76.0%, 83.3% and 0.863 (95%CI=0.720~0.940) respectively when the cutoff value of Emax was 87 kPa. At the end of the third cycle, the predictive specificity and sensitivity and the AUC of the pCR group were 88.0%, 77.8% and 0.893 (95%CI=0.760~0.970) when the cutoff value of Emax was 57 kPa. At the end of the fourth cycle of chemotherapy, the predictive specificity, sensitivity and AUC of pCR group were 92.5%, 88.9% and 0.960 (95%CI=0.850~0.990) respectively when the cutoff value of Emax was 30 kPa. After one cycle of NAC, the predictive sensitivity and specificity and AUC of pCR group were 88.0%, 60.0%, and 0.719 (95%CI=0.620~0.890) when the cutoff value of ΔEmax was 16.8%. After two cycles, the predictive sensitivity, specificity and AUC of pCR group were 55.5%, 80.0% and 0.712 (95%CI=0.550~0.840) when the cutoff value of ΔEmax was 34.9%. After three cycles, the predictive sensitivity, specificity and AUC of pCR group were 67.4%, 81.2% and 0.779 (95%CI=0.680~0.930) when the cutoff value of ΔEmax was 55.2%. After four cycles, the predictive sensitivity, specificity and AUC of pCR group was 72.3%, 92.0% and 0.831 (95%CI=0.690~0.930) when the cutoff value of ΔEmax was 75.1%. Conclusion: The Emax and ΔEmax values measured by 3D-SWE technology can predict the curative effect of NAC for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Receptor ErbB-2 , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 41(12): 2339-2344, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: T1ρ imaging is a new quantitative MR imaging pulse sequence with the potential to discriminate between malignant and benign tissue. In this study, we evaluated the capability of T1ρ imaging to characterize tissue by applying T1ρ imaging to malignant and benign tissue in the nasopharynx and to normal tissue in the head and neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants with undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma and benign hyperplasia of the nasopharynx prospectively underwent T1ρ imaging. T1ρ measurements obtained from the histogram analysis for nasopharyngeal carcinoma in 43 participants were compared with those for benign hyperplasia and for normal tissue (brain, muscle, and parotid glands) in 41 participants using the Mann-Whitney U test. The area under the curve of significant T1ρ measurements was calculated and compared using receiver operating characteristic analysis and the Delong test, respectively. A P < . 05 indicated statistical significance. RESULTS: There were significant differences in T1ρ measurements between nasopharyngeal carcinoma and benign hyperplasia and between nasopharyngeal carcinoma and normal tissue (all, P < . 05). Compared with benign hyperplasia, nasopharyngeal carcinoma showed a lower T1ρ mean (62.14 versus 65.45 × ms), SD (12.60 versus 17.73 × ms), and skewness (0.61 versus 0.76) (all P < .05), but no difference in kurtosis (P = . 18). The T1ρ SD showed the highest area under the curve of 0.95 compared with the T1ρ mean (area under the curve = 0.72) and T1ρ skewness (area under the curve = 0.72) for discriminating nasopharyngeal carcinoma and benign hyperplasia (all, P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative T1ρ imaging has the potential to discriminate malignant from benign and normal tissue in the head and neck.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Nasofaringe/diagnóstico por imagem , Nasofaringe/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Cabeça/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Hiperplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Curva ROC , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
13.
J Dent Res ; 99(13): 1444-1452, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985329

RESUMO

During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, there is an important risk of infection in health care workers, including oral health care workers (OHCWs), due to the characteristics of dental practice. In this retrospective study, data pertaining to the 31 OHCWs diagnosed with COVID-19 in Wuhan, Hubei Province, were retrieved and analyzed. Questionnaires were administered to the subjects over the Internet and telephone. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics and information on the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) were collected. There were 22 females and 9 males, with a median age of 39 y. Although the severity of most cases of COVID-19 (93.5%) was mild or moderate, 1 case was severe, and another case was critical, resulting in death. Fever was the main first symptom of COVID-19, followed by fatigue and myalgia. Most of the OHCWs routinely used PPE such as medical masks, gloves, caps, and work clothes while performing clinical work. N95 or KN95 masks were rarely available because of the scarcity of PPE during the outbreak. Nineteen OHCWs reported a contact history, among whom 7 worked in a fever clinic, 5 reported contact with dental patients suspected of having COVID-19, and 7 reported contact with family members with COVID-19-related symptoms at least 1 d earlier. Our findings indicated that there were few clusters of COVID-19 in dental settings. Since the outbreak, the Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, has provided emergency dental treatment, and none of their staff were infected while providing dental service, which indicates that comprehensive measures such as the use of advanced PPE and environmental disinfection can prevent cross-infection in dental practice. The analysis of the procedures followed during the emergency treatments indicated that OHCWs preferred to recommend conservative treatment to patients, suggesting that attention should be paid to the psychological impact of COVID-19 on dental practitioners.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos em Odontologia , Odontólogos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(37): 2897-2902, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993247

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a fast track transfer to intensive care unit (ICU) for the perioperative high-risk elderly patients after hip fracture surgery and analyze the preliminary clinical effect of the application. Methods: From January 2014 to December 2017, before the application of postoperative fast track transfer to ICU, the clinical data of 195 elderly patients with hip fracture were included in a retrospective analysis. Among 195 hip fracture patients, 18 were transferred to ICU post operation (non-fast track group). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to investigate relevant risk factors for transferring to ICU after hip fracture surgery. Based on risk factors acquired from the analysis and clinical experience, the fast track transfer to ICU for the perioperative high-risk elderly patients after hip fracture surgery was constructed according to the preliminary and experiential criteria. From January 2018 to December 2019, the clinical data of 70 patients (fast track group) who were transferred to ICU after hip fracture surgery through the fast track were collected and compared with non-fast track group. Results: Multivariate regression analysis revealed that American Society of Anesthesiologists classification(≥Ⅲ) (OR=4.260, 95%CI:1.157-15.683, P=0.029), pre-hospital stage (≥48 h) (OR=4.301, 95%CI:1.212-15.266, P=0.024), hemoglobin concentration at admission(<90 g/L) (OR=7.979, 95%CI:1.936-32.889, P=0.004), coronary heart disease as one comorbidity(OR=6.063, 95%CI:1.695-21.693, P=0.006) were independent risk factors for transferring to ICU after hip fracture surgery. There were no significant difference in gender, age, fracture type, hemoglobin concentration at admission and time of pre-hospital stage between the non-fast track group and fast track group(all P>0.05). However, the number of comorbidities in the fast track group was significantly higher than that in the non-fast track group (Z=-1.995, P=0.046). The time to surgery, postoperative hospital stay, and length of hospital stay in fast track group were all significantly less than those in non-fast track group (Z=-2.121, -2.726, -3.130, all P<0.05). Also, there were fewer medical consultations needed and fewer patients who stayed in ICU more than or equal to 2 nights in fast track group than that in non-fast track group(all P<0.05). There were no significant difference in the rate of patients who transferred from the general ward to ICU after transferring from ICU to the general ward, the proportion of patients who received more than or equal to 4 departments, operation time, hospitalization expense, mortality during hospitalization, 30-day mortality and 90-day mortality after operation between the two groups(all P>0.05). Conclusions: The fast track constructed in this study can reduce time to surgery, postoperative hospitalization stay and length of hospitalization stay for the perioperative high-risk elderly patients with hip fractures and is a specific clinical application of eras concept based on multidisciplinary team.


Assuntos
Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(8): 738-742, 2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829616

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of pedicled anterolateral thigh flaps in repairing skin and soft tissue defects in perineal region caused by necrotizing fasciitis. Methods: From March 2014 to December 2018, 6 patients with skin and soft tissue defects in perineal region caused by necrotizing fasciitis were admitted to Department of Burns of Hanzhong Central Hospital (hereinafter referred to as our hospital). Two female patients had labia major defects and 4 male patients had scrotum defects, with age of 43-68 years. The areas of skin and soft tissue defects after debridement were 4%-8% total body surface area. The wounds in non-joint and non-functional area were repaired with free split-thickness skin grafts from medial femoral region, and the residual wounds areas in perineal region after repair were 10 cm×4 cm-22 cm×10 cm, which were repaired with pedicled anterolateral thigh flaps, with area of 12 cm×5 cm-24 cm×12 cm. The secondary wounds in the donor sites were sutured directly or repaired with free split-thickness skin grafts from medial thigh on the same or opposite side of the wounds. The bacterial culture result of wound exudate, drug sensitivity test result, and blood bacterial culture result on admission were recorded. The postoperative flap survival was observed. The length of hospital stay, debridement times, and antibiotics use time were recorded. The flap swelling condition was observed to evaluate whether flap thinning operation was necessary, the sensory recovery of the flap and hip joint activity were evaluated, and the scrotum function of male patients was evaluated by urologist in our hospital during follow-up. Results: The bacterial culture results of wound exudate in 5 patients on admission showed Escherichia coli with 4 of them having the same bacteria and the other one having methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus detected in their blood samples. All the flaps survived in 6 patients after the operation, with total length of hospital stay of (22±5) d, debridement of 3-5 times, and antibiotics use time of (13±3) d. During follow-up of 3 to 6 months after the operation, the flaps were slightly bloated in 2 patients, and the flap thinning operation was performed 6 months after wound repair. The sensory function recovered to normal in 2 flaps of patients with anterolateral femoral cutaneous nerve, and the superficial sensory function in the other flaps of patients recovered in different degrees.The hip joint activity was close to normal in all the patients, and the scrotum function was normal in 4 male patients. Conclusions: The pedicled anterolateral thigh flap showed good effects in repairing skin and soft tissue defects on perineal region caused by necrotizing fasciitis, with good appearance and function after operation, and the method is simple, safe, and easy to apply.


Assuntos
Fasciite Necrosante , Coxa da Perna , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(30): 2358-2362, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791811

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of the expression of integrin ß2 (ITGB2) and tumor infiltrating dendritic cells CD80 and CD86 in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Methods: The expression levels of ITGB2 and MHC-1 in MDA-MB-231 cells and TNBC tissues were detected by Western bolt and RT-PCR, and the expressions of ITGB2, CD80 and CD86 in TNBC tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. Results: 1.The expression level of ITGB2 in TNBC cell line (1.67±0.38) was higher than that in MCF-10A cell line (1.06±0.38), and the expression level of MHC-1 molecules in TNBC cell line (0.64±0.20) was lower than that in MCF-10A cell line (1.02±0.21). The difference was statistically significant (P=0.036 and 0.020, respectively). 2.The expression level of ITGB2 in TNBC tissues (1.55±0.47) was significantly higher than that in normal breast tissues (1.04±0.31). 3. Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression level of ITGB2 in TNBC tissues (3.31±2.29) was significantly higher than that in paracancerous tissues (1.20±1.19). Combined with clinicopathological data, it was suggested that the expression of ITGB2 was correlated with tumor stage (P=0.038), histological grade (P=0.022), lymph node metastasis (P=0.019), ki67 expression (P=0.000) and total survival (P=0.003). 4. Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of CD80 and CD86 in TNBC tissues (3.07±1.57, 3.93±1.64) was significantly lower than those in paracancerous tissues (4.63±2.92 vs 5.23±2.85) (P=0.032 and 0.027). Conclusion: The high expression of ITGB2 in triple negative breast cancer affects the prognosis of patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Antígenos CD18 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Metástase Linfática , Prognóstico
17.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697210

RESUMO

Earth-abundant Fe, Ni, and Co aza macrocyclic and polypyridine complexes have been thoroughly investigated for CO2 electrochemical and visible-light-driven reduction. Since the first reports in the 1970s, an enormous body of work has been accumulated regarding the two-electron two-proton reduction of the gas, along with mechanistic and spectroscopic efforts to rationalize the reactivity and establish guidelines for structure-reactivity relationships. The ability to fine tune the ligand structure and the almost unlimited possibilities of designing new complexes have led to highly selective and efficient catalysts. Recent efforts toward developing hybrid systems upon combining molecular catalysts with conductive or semi-conductive materials have converged to high catalytic performances in water solutions, to the inclusion of these catalysts into CO2 electrolyzers and photo-electrochemical devices, and to the discovery of catalytic pathways beyond two electrons. Combined with the continuous mechanistic efforts and new developments for in situ and in operando spectroscopic studies, molecular catalysis of CO2 reduction remains a highly creative approach.

18.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(6): 515-518, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594716

RESUMO

As an important medical support component for the army to preserve and enhance combat effectiveness and minimize the reduction rate of combat personnel, war trauma treatment has been highly valued. Modern war puts forward higher requirements for the pertinence, practicality, and efficiency of war trauma treatment training. With the comprehensive development of national defense and military modernization, the contradiction between the increasing demand of modern war medical service and the relatively backward training mode of war trauma treatment becomes more and more prominent. As a new practical technology, virtual reality technology can simulate the elements of war trauma treatment in a panoramic manner, enabling the trainees to have a real sense of the battlefield in the four-dimensional space of high simulation, which has unique advantage in the field of war trauma treatment training. At present, the western developed countries represented by the the United States of America have applied virtual reality technology in the field of war trauma treatment training and achieved gratifying training results through the actual combat tests. This paper reviews the application of virtual reality technology in the field of war trauma treatment training at home and abroad, in order to provide a new idea and method for improving the level of war trauma treatment training in our army.


Assuntos
Medicina Militar , Militares , Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Estados Unidos
19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(11): 6463-6469, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of propofol on intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats through the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 Sprague-Dawley rats were selected and randomly divided into three groups, including sham operation group, ischemia group and propofol group. Rats in sham operation group were only treated with isolation of superior mesenteric artery, which was clipped for 1 h and reperfused for 2 h in ischemia group. Meanwhile, propofol (60 mg/kg) was injected into the femoral vein 1 h before ischemia in propofol group. TUNEL assay was performed to detect cell apoptosis of intestinal tissues. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was conducted to measure the expression levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), myeloperoxidase (MPO), caspase-3 and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) in rats of each group. Western blotting was utilized to detect the protein expression levels of NF-κB pathway related molecules, such as myeloid differential protein-88 (MyD88), v-rel avian reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog A (RelA) and NF-κB. Furthermore, changes in plasma cytokine levels were determined via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: The number of apoptotic cells in ischemia group was remarkably higher than that in sham operation group (p<0.05). However, it decreased notably in propofol group compared with ischemia group (p<0.05). In comparison with sham operation group, significantly up-regulated expression of caspase-3 and down-regulated expression of Bcl-2 were observed in the intestinal tissues of rats in ischemia group (p<0.05). Caspase-3 was lowly expressed, while Bcl-2 was highly expressed in the intestinal tissues of rats in propofol group compared with ischemia group (p<0.05). In addition, no statistically significant differences were observed in the expression level of SOD among sham operation group, ischemia group and propofol group (p>0.05). The expression levels of MDA and MPO were overtly higher in the intestinal tissues of rats in ischemia group than those in sham operation group and propofol group (p<0.05). Besides, the protein expression levels of MyD88, RelA and NF-κB in the intestinal tissues of rats in ischemia group were remarkably higher than those in sham operation group and propofol group (p<0.05). The activity of the NF-κB pathway in the intestinal tissues of rats in propofol group significantly declined compared with ischemia group (p<0.05). Moreover, compared with sham operation group, plasma levels of TNF-α, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6 and IL-4 increased significantly in rats of ischemia group (p<0.05). However, they were markedly lower in propofol group than those in ischemia group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Propofol protects rats from intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury through the NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Hipnóticos e Sedativos/farmacologia , Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Propofol/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Intestinos/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Propofol/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia
20.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(2): 207-213, 2020 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306000

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish the drug-resistant cell lines of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) induced by sorafenib, and to screen out the high expression genes in drug-resistant cell lines of HCC induced by sorafenib, then to explore the genes related to sorafenib resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: The human PLC and Huh7 cell lines were obtained, then the PLC and Huh7 drug-resistant cell lines were induced with sorafenib by using intermittent induction in vitro. CCK8 assay was used to detect the IC50 value of sorafenib for evaluation of drug sensitivity of hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines in PLC and Huh7. All the up regulated genes in PLC and Huh7 drug-resistant cell lines induced by sorafenib were screened out using high-throughput cDNA sequencing (RNA-Seq), Ualcan database was used to analyze the correlations between the up regulated genes in PLC and Huh7 drug-resistant cell lines induced and four clinical biological characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma, including the gene expressions between normal samples and tumor samples, tumor stage, tumor grade, and patient overall survival, to find the genes that might be involved in the mechanism of sorafenib resistance of hepatocellular carcinoma. RESULTS: All the up regulated genes detected by the using high-throughput cDNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) in PLC and Huh7 drug-resistant cell lines were further screened out by following conditions:(1) genes co-expressed in PLC and Huh7 drug-resistant cells induced by sorafenib, (2) the fold change was more than 4 times and the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05), the top 12 up regulated genes in PLC and Huh7 drug-resistant cell lines were found, which were TPSG1, CBX4, CLC, CLEC18C, LGI4, F2RL1, S100A6, HABP2, C15ORF48, ZG16, FOLH1, and EPCAM. Compared with the correlations between the twelve genes and the clinical biological characteristics by Ualcan database, the potentially significant gene CBX4 was screened out. CONCLUSION: The human PLC and Huh7 drug-resistant cell lines of hepatocellular carcinoma induced by sorafenib were successfully established. CBX4, the gene related to sorafenib resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma, was screened out by the high-throughput cDNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) and further analysis using Ualcan database, which is providing a powerful basis for further research on the mechanism of sorafenib resistance of hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Ligases , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas do Grupo Polycomb , Serina Endopeptidases
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