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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677727

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore antithrombotic strategy and its relationship with outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) at high risk for stroke and chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) in real-world clinical practice. Patients with AF at high risk for stroke complicated with CCS from China Atrial Fibrillation Registry (CAFR) were enrolled. The patients were divided into non-antithrombotic (Non-AT) group, oral anticoagulants (OAC) group, antiplatelet therapy (APT) group (aspirin or clopidogrel), and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) group (aspirin + clopidogrel) according to their antithrombotic strategies at baseline. The patients with OAC + single antiplatelet drug (14 cases) and OAC + dual antiplatelet therapy (7 cases) were excluded for the small sample size. The primary effectiveness outcome was the composite outcome of coronary events, thromboembolism, and all-cause mortality. The primary safety outcome was major bleeding events. From 2011 to 2018, 25,512 patients were included in the CARF study, 769 patients with AF at high risk for stroke and CCS were enrolled in this study. After a follow-up of 47.4 ± 25.3 months, the incidences of primary effectiveness outcome were 44.6%, 25.7%, 43.6%, and 29.1% in the four groups, respectively (P < 0.001). The incidences of primary effectiveness and all-cause mortality were both significantly lower in the OAC group than in the Non-AT group, (25.7% vs. 44.6%, HR 0.53, 95% CI 0.39-0.73, P < 0.001) and (14.6% vs. 38.5%, HR 0.36, 95%CI 0.25-0.52, P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, age (HR 1.03, 95%CI 1.01-1.05, P = 0.015), heart failure (HR 1.67, 95%CI 1.20-2.33, P = 0.002) and OAC (HR 0.66, 95%CI 0.47-0.91, P = 0.012) were independent factors for the composite outcome. There was no significant difference in major bleeding events between the four groups. OAC monotherapy significantly reduced the primary effectiveness composite outcome and all-cause mortality in the patients with AF at high risk for stroke complicated with CCS. However, there was no significant difference in major bleeding among the different antithrombotic strategies.Trial Registration www.chictr.org.cn (No. ChiCTR-OCH-13003729).

2.
J Int Med Res ; 49(9): 3000605211041439, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The effect of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASIs) in patients with heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate associations between RASI use and all-cause mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with AF and HF. METHODS: Using data from the China Atrial Fibrillation Registry study, we included 938 patients with AF and HF with a left ventricular ejection fraction <50%. Cox regression models for RASIs vs. non-RASIs with all-cause mortality as the primary outcome were fitted in a 1:1 propensity score-matched cohort. A sensitivity analysis was performed by using a multivariable time-dependent Cox regression model. As an internal control, we assessed the relation between ß-blocker use and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 35 months, the risk of all-cause mortality was similar in RASI users compared with non-users (hazard ratio: 0.92; 95% confidence interval: 0.67-1.26). Similar results were obtained in the sensitivity analysis. In contrast, ß-blocker use was associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality in the same population. CONCLUSIONS: RASI use was not associated with better outcomes in patients with AF and HF in this prospective cohort, which raises questions about their value in this specific subset.Trail Registration: ChiCTR-OCH-13003729.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , China , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
3.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 44(11): 1824-1831, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate theoptimal idarucizumab (dabigatran antagonist) usage strategy for patients with acute pericardial tamponade receiving uninterrupted dabigatran during catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Ten patients presenting acute pericardial tamponade while receiving uninterrupted dabigatran during catheter ablation for AF in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2019 to July 2020 were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed. A "wait and see" strategy of idarucizumab was carried out for all patients; in brief, idarucizumab was applied following pericardiocentesis, comprehensive evaluation of bleeding and hemostasis. RESULTS: There were five males, five paroxysmal AF, and the average age of the patients was 64.0 ± 9.8 years. Among the 10 patients, four were treated with dabigatran 110 mg, six were treated with dabigatran 150 mg, and one was simultaneously given clopidogrel. The average time from pericardial tamponade to the last dose of dabigatran was 8.2 ± 3.4 h. All patients underwent pericardiocentesis successfully, and the average drainage volume was 322.5 ml (220.0 ± 935.0 ml). For reversal anticoagulation, six patients received protamine, and five patients received idarucizumab. Of the five patients who were treated with idarucizumab, four presented exact hemostasis, except for one patient who underwent continuous drainage and finally received surgery repair. The average time to restart anticoagulation was 1.1 ± 0.3 days after the procedure, and no rebleeding, embolism or deaths were observed. CONCLUSION: The "wait and see" strategy of idarucizumab for acute pericardial tamponade during the perioperative period of catheter ablation for AF may be safe and feasible.

4.
J Arrhythm ; 37(4): 990-1006, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34386125

RESUMO

Background: Prescribing patterns for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients evolved with approval of non-Vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) over time. Objectives: To assess changes in anticoagulant prescription patterns in various geographical regions upon first approval of a NOAC and to analyze the evolution of oral anticoagulants (OACs) use over time in relation to CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED risk profiles. Methods: Global Registry on Long-Term Oral Antithrombotic Treatment in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (GLORIA-AF) Phases II and III reported data on antithrombotic therapy for patients with newly diagnosed AF and ≥1 stroke risk factor. We focused on sites enrolling patients in both phases and reported treatment patterns for the first 4 years after initial NOAC approval. Results: From GLORIA-AF Phases II and III, 27 432 patients were eligible for this analysis. When contrasting the first year with the fourth year of enrolment, the proportion of NOAC prescriptions increased in Asia from 29.2% to 60.8%, in Europe from 53.4% to 75.8%, in North America from 49.0% to 73.9% and in Latin America from 55.7% to 71.1%. The proportion of Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) use decreased across all regions over time, in Asia from 26.0% to 9.8%, in Europe from 35.5% to 16.8%, in North America from 28.9% to 12.1%, and in Latin America from 32.4% to 17.8%. In the multivariable analysis, factors associated with NOAC prescription were as follows: enrolment year, type of site, region, stroke and bleeding risk scores, and type and categorization of AF. Conclusions: During 4 years after the approval of the first NOAC, NOAC use increased, while VKA use decreased, across all regions.

6.
Clin Cardiol ; 44(10): 1422-1431, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) frequently coexist. HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the prognosis of catheter ablation versus drug therapy in patients with AF and SCAD. METHODS: In total, 25 512 patients with AF in the Chinese AF Registry between 2011 and 2019 were screened for SCAD. 815 patients with AF and SCAD underwent catheter ablation therapy were matched with patients by drug therapy in a 1:1 ratio. Primary end point was composite of thromboembolism, coronary events, major bleeding, and all-cause death. The secondary endpoints were each component of the primary endpoint and AF recurrence. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 45 ± 23 months, the patients in the catheter ablation group had a higher AF recurrence-free rate (53.50% vs. 18.41%, p < .01). In multivariate analysis, there was no significant difference between the strategy of catheter ablation and drug therapy in primary composite end point (adjusted HR 074, 95%CI 0.54-1.002, p = .0519). However, catheter ablation was associated with fewer all-cause death independently (adjusted HR 0.36, 95%CI 0.22-0.59, p < .01). In subgroup analysis, catheter ablation was an independent risk factor for all-cause death in the high-stroke risk group (adjusted HR 0.39, 95%CI 0.23-0.64, p < .01), not in the low-medium risk group (adjusted HR 0.17, 95%CI 0.01-2.04, p = .17). CONCLUSIONS: In the patients with AF and SCAD, catheter ablation was not independently associated with the primary composite endpoint compared with drug therapy. However, catheter ablation was an independent protective factor of all-cause death.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 341, 2021 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is widely used in atrial fibrillation (AF) management. In this study, we are aimed to investigate the incidence of postprocedural cognitive decline in a larger population undergoing AF ablation under local anesthesia, and to evaluate the associated risk factors. METHODS: This study included 287 patients with normal cognitive functions, with 190 ablated AF patients (study group) and 97 AF patients who are awaiting ablation (practice group). We assessed the neuropsychological function of each patient for twice (study group: 24 h prior to ablation and 48 h post ablation; practice group: on the day of inclusion and 72 h later but before ablation). The reliable change index was used to analyze the neuropsychological testing scores and to identify postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) at 48 h post procedure. Patients in the study group accepting a 6-month follow up were given an extra cognitive assessment. RESULTS: Among the ablated AF patients, 13.7% (26/190) had POCD at 48 h after the ablation procedure. Multivariable analysis revealed that, a minimum intraoperative activated clotting time (ACT) < 300 s (OR 3.82, 95% CI 1.48-9.96, P = 0.006) and not taking oral anticoagulants within one month prior to ablation(OR 10.35, 95% CI 3.54-30.27, P < 0.001) were significantly related to POCD at 48 h post-ablation. In 172 patients of the study group accepting a 6-month follow up, there were 23 patients with POCD at 48 h post-ablation and 149 patients without POCD. The global cognitive scores were decreased in 48 h post-operation tests (0 ± 1 vs - 0.15 ± 1.10, P < 0.001) and improved significantly at 6 months post-operation (0 ± 1 vs 0.43 ± 0.92, P < 0.001). In the 23 patients with POCD at 48 h after the procedure, global cognitive performance at 6 months was not significantly different compared with that at baseline (- 0.05 ± 1.25 vs - 0.19 ± 1.33, P = 0.32), while 13 of them had higher scores than baseline level. CONCLUSIONS: Incident of POCD after ablation procedures is high in the short term. Inadequate periprocedural anticoagulation are possible risk factors. However, most POCD are reversible at 6 months, and a general improvement was observed in cognitive function at 6 months after ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
BMJ Open ; 11(7): e044518, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Rapid, accurate identification of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) at high risk of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) is critical for risk stratification and prompt management. This study aimed to develop a simple, accessible tool for predicting in-hospital MACE in Chinese patients with AMI. DESIGN: Retrospective review of deidentified medical records. SETTING: 38 urban and rural hospitals across diverse economic and geographic areas in China (Beijing, Henan Province and Jilin Province). PARTICIPANTS: 15 009 patients discharged from hospital with a diagnosis of AMI. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The primary outcome was MACE occurrence during index hospitalisation. A multivariate logistic regression model (China AMI Risk Model, CHARM) derived using patient data from Beijing (n=7329) and validated with data from Henan (n=4247) and Jilin (n=3433) was constructed to predict the primary outcome using variables of age, white cell count (WCC) and Killip class. C-statistics evaluated discrimination in the derivation and validation cohorts, with goodness-of-fit assessed using Hosmer-Lemeshow statistics. RESULTS: The CHARM model included age (OR: 1.06 per 1-year increment, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.07, p<0.001), WCC (OR per 109/L increment: 1.10 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.13), p<0.001) and Killip class (class II vs class I: OR 1.34 (95% CI 0.99 to 1.83), p=0.06; class III vs class I: OR 2.74 (95% CI 1.86 to 3.97), p<0.001; class IV vs class I: OR 14.12 (95% CI 10.35 to 19.29), p<0.001). C-statistics were similar between the derivation and validation datasets. CHARM had a higher true positive rate than the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction score and similar to the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE). Hosmer-Lemeshow statistics were 5.5 (p=0.703) for derivation, 41.1 (p<0.001) for Henan, and 103.2 for Jilin (p<0.001) validation sets with CHARM, compared with 119.6, 34.0 and 459.1 with GRACE (all p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The CHARM model provides an inexpensive, accurate and readily accessible tool for predicting in-hospital MACE in Chinese patients with AMI.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , China/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
9.
Clin Cardiol ; 44(8): 1128-1138, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence is common in the 3-month blanking-period after catheter ablation, during which electrical cardioversion (ECV) is usually performed to restore sinus rhythm. Whether ECV can affect the clinical outcome of post-ablation AF patients is inconsistent, however. We aimed to explore the 1-year effect of ECV on AF recurrence and rehospitalization in patients experienced recurrence within 3-month after AF catheter ablation. METHODS: Patients who experienced recurrence within 3-month after AF catheter ablation procedure were enrolled from the China Atrial Fibrillation Registry (China-AF). A 1:3 Propensity score matching (PSM) method was applying to adjust the confounders between patients who had been treated by ECV or not. Logistic regression models were conducted to evaluate the association of ECV with 1-year AF recurrence and rehospitalization. RESULTS: In this study, 2961 patients experienced AF recurrence within 3-month after the procedure, and 282 of them underwent successful ECV, 2155 patients did not undergo ECV. One-year AF recurrence rates were 56.4% in ECV group versus 65.4% in non-ECV group (p = .003), and were 55.9% versus 65.9%, respectively, after PSM (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 0.66; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.49-0.88, p = .005). However, the difference of 1-year rehospitalization rates between two groups were not statistically significant before (ECV group: 23.7% vs. non-ECV group: 22.3%, p = .595) and after PSM (ECV group: 24.4% vs. non-ECV group: 21.6%, adjusted OR1.14; 95% CI 0.81-1.62, p = .451). CONCLUSIONS: Successful ECV was associated with lower rate of one-year recurrence in patients with early recurrent AF after catheter ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Cardioversão Elétrica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Eur J Intern Med ; 91: 75-80, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prospective data on nonvitamin-K-antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) management during cardiovascular interventions are limited. We therefore evaluated the safety and effectiveness of uninterrupted dabigatran therapy as well as dabigatran management during atrial fibrillation (AF)-cardioversions, AF-ablations, pacemaker implantations and coronary angiography and/or stenting procedures. METHOD: GLORIA-AF is an international registry programme involving patients with newly diagnosed AF. Dabigatran users were followed for ≤2 years. The primary outcome was occurrence of stroke/systemic embolism and major bleeding ≤8 weeks after a cardiovascular intervention during uninterrupted dabigatran therapy. RESULTS: During the 2-year follow-up, 599 cardiovascular interventions were identified in 479 eligible patients. 412/599 (69%) interventions were performed with uninterrupted dabigatran therapy: 299/354 (84%) AF-cardioversions, 38/89 (43%) AF-ablations, 25/58 (43%) pacemaker implantations, and 50/98 (51%) coronary angiography and/or stenting procedures. During an average follow-up of 8.4 weeks after intervention, one major bleed and one systemic embolic event occurred (risk 0.25% for both outcomes; 95% confidence interval, 0.01%-1.36%). CONCLUSIONS: More than two thirds of the interventions were performed with uninterrupted dabigatran therapy, of which most were AF-cardioversions. Uninterrupted dabigatran therapy was associated with low major bleeding and stroke/systemic embolism risk, supporting the favourable safety and effectiveness profile of dabigatran in clinical practice-based settings.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Dabigatrana/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(19): 2293-2298, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34039872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate prediction of ischemic stroke is required for deciding anticoagulation use in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Even though only 6% to 8% of AF patients die from stroke, about 90% are indicated for anticoagulants according to the current AF management guidelines. Therefore, we aimed to develop an accurate and easy-to-use new risk model for 1-year thromboembolic events (TEs) in Chinese AF patients. METHODS: From the prospective China Atrial Fibrillation Registry cohort study, we identified 6601 AF patients who were not treated with anticoagulation or ablation at baseline. We selected the most important variables by the extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) algorithm and developed a simplified risk model for predicting 1-year TEs. The novel risk score was internally validated using bootstrapping with 1000 replicates and compared with the CHA2DS2-VA score (excluding female sex from the CHA2DS2-VASc score). RESULTS: Up to the follow-up of 1 year, 163 TEs (ischemic stroke or systemic embolism) occurred. Using the XGBoost algorithm, we selected the three most important variables (congestive heart failure or left ventricular dysfunction, age, and prior stroke, abbreviated as CAS model) to predict 1-year TE risk. We trained a multivariate Cox regression model and assigned point scores proportional to model coefficients. The CAS scheme classified 30.8% (2033/6601) of the patients as low risk for TE (CAS score = 0), with a corresponding 1-year TE risk of 0.81% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.41%-1.19%). In our cohort, the C-statistic of CAS model was 0.69 (95% CI: 0.65-0.73), higher than that of CHA2DS2-VA score (0.66, 95% CI: 0.62-0.70, Z = 2.01, P = 0.045). The overall net reclassification improvement from CHA2DS2-VA categories (low = 0/high ≥1) to CAS categories (low = 0/high ≥1) was 12.2% (95% CI: 8.7%-15.7%). CONCLUSION: In Chinese AF patients, a novel and simple CAS risk model better predicted 1-year TEs than the widely-used CHA2DS2-VA risk score and identified a large proportion of patients with low risk of TEs, which could potentially improve anticoagulation decision-making. TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.chictr.org.cn (Unique identifier No. ChiCTR-OCH-13003729).


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Isquemia Encefálica , Embolia , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , China , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
12.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(5): 5270-5279, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977735

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The quality of care presented to AF cases in tertiary and non-tertiary hospitals in China remains obscure and needs further investigation. Therefore, we examined the compliance with quality measures (QMs) and clinical performance measures (PMs) that were proposed by the ACC/AHA in 2016 in a Chinese adult population with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). We also investigated the changes in patients' characteristics, treatment plans, and quality of provided care at different time-points [2011-2016]. METHODS: We used the datasets from two registry-based studies in Beijing, including the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry (CHINA-AF) investigation. From August 2011 to July 2016, an overall number of 13,439 nonvalvular AF cases were included. Our primary outcome was to determine the compliance rate with two PMs [oral anticoagulant (OAC) use and prothrombin time international normalized ratio (INR)] and six QMs (beta-blocker, ACEI-ARB, and the inappropriate prescription of antiarrhythmic drugs, Sotalol, antiplatelet and OAC, and non-dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist) over a period of 5 years [2011-2016]. Also, the difference in compliance between tertiary and non-tertiary hospitals was investigated. RESULTS: The compliance with PMs and QMs was variable between tertiary and non-tertiary hospitals. In tertiary hospitals, the total number of inpatient beds was >500, and each bed was equipped with >1.03 health technical personnel and >0.4 nurses. In non-tertiary hospitals, the available beds capacity was <500, and each bed corresponded with 0.7-0.88 health technical personnel and >0.4 nurses. The compliance rates with OAC use steadily increased from 2011-2015 in tertiary hospitals (35%, 35.9%, 37.9%, 45%, and 49%, P<0.001). In non-tertiary hospitals, INR follow-up of warfarin use increased significantly over the years, with rates of 36.2%, 60.5%, 71.6%, 64.3%, and 81.5% (P=0.04), respectively. In terms of QMs, the compliance with the six measure sets was quite similar among tertiary and non-tertiary hospitals avoiding any significant difference over the years (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We noted an improvement in medical quality regarding the use of OAC, especially in tertiary hospitals. Meanwhile, the compliance rates of INR follow-up improved in non-tertiary hospitals. However, the compliance rates of other performance and QMs are still low, which are in need of improvement.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Pequim , China , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco
13.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0249524, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with AF often have multimorbidity (the presence of ≥2 concomitant chronic conditions). OBJECTIVE: To describe baseline characteristics, patterns of antithrombotic therapy, and factors associated with oral anticoagulant (OAC) prescription in patients with AF and ≥2 concomitant, chronic, comorbid conditions. METHODS: Phase III of the GLORIA-AF Registry enrolled consecutive patients from January 2014 through December 2016 with recently diagnosed AF and CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥1 to assess the safety and effectiveness of antithrombotic treatment. RESULTS: Of 21,241 eligible patients, 15,119 (71.2%) had ≥2 concomitant, chronic, comorbid conditions. The proportions of patients with multimorbidity receiving non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and vitamin K antagonists (VKA) were 60.2% and 23.6%, respectively. The proportion with paroxysmal AF was 57.0% in the NOAC group and 45.4% in the VKA group. Multivariable log-binomial regression analysis found the following factors were associated with no OAC prescription: pattern of AF (paroxysmal, persistent, or permanent), coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, prior bleeding, smoking status, and region (Asia, North America, or Europe). Factors associated with OAC prescriptions were age, body mass index, renal function, hypertension, history of cerebral ischemic symptoms, and AF ablation. CONCLUSION: Multimorbid AF patients prescribed NOACs have fewer comorbidities than those prescribed VKAs. Age, AF pattern, comorbidities, and renal function are associated with OAC prescription.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco
14.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 23(5): 901-914, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609077

RESUMO

Angiotensin-receptor blockers are often considered insufficiently efficacious in reducing blood pressure. However, newer angiotensin-receptor blockers may be more effective than the older ones. A network meta-analysis was performed to compare the efficacy of various angiotensin-receptor blockers in reducing office and ambulatory blood pressure in hypertensive patients. Relevant literature was searched from English and Chinese databases for randomized controlled trials involving angiotensin-receptor blockers in hypertension. Efficacy variables included systolic and diastolic blood pressure either in the office or on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Absolute blood pressure reductions at 6-12 weeks of treatment and their credible intervals were reported. A total of 34 publications provided adequate data for analysis (n = 14 859). In 28 studies on office systolic blood pressure (n = 12 731), against the common comparator valsartan 80 mg, the differences in systolic blood pressure were in favor of azilsartan medoxomil (20-80 mg), irbesartan (300 mg), olmesartan (20-40 mg), telmisartan (80 mg), and valsartan (160-320 mg), but not candesartan (8-16 mg), losartan (50-100 mg), irbesartan (150 mg), olmesartan (10 mg), and telmisartan (40 mg). The ranking plot shows that azilsartan medoxomil 80 mg had a possibility of 99% being the best in the class. Similar results were observed for office diastolic blood pressure and from 13 studies for 24-hour ambulatory systolic and diastolic blood pressure. In conclusion, angiotensin-receptor blockers had different blood pressure lowering efficacy. The newest angiotensin-receptor blocker azilsartan medoxomil at the dose of 80 mg seemed to be most efficacious in reducing both systolic and diastolic blood pressure in the office and on ambulatory measurement.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , Hipertensão , Bloqueadores do Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Angiotensinas/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Benzimidazóis , Pressão Sanguínea , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Metanálise em Rede , Olmesartana Medoxomila/farmacologia , Oxidiazóis , Tetrazóis/farmacologia
15.
TH Open ; 5(1): e35-e42, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33564743

RESUMO

Objective Anticoagulation management in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and impaired renal function is challenging. This study aimed to evaluate anticoagulation prescription patterns in relation to renal function and to describe 2-year clinical outcomes among dabigatran users. Methods Global Registry on Long-Term Oral Antithrombotic Treatment in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (GLORIA-AF) is an international, prospective, and observational study program involving patients with newly diagnosed AF at risk for stroke. Prescription patterns were assessed by creatinine clearance (CrCl) at enrollment. Dabigatran users were followed for 2 years. Clinical outcomes were standardized for stroke and bleeding risk, based on CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc and HAS-BLED scores, with missing values imputed. Results Baseline CrCl values were available for 12,056 of 15,308 eligible patients (79%). With declining renal function, prescriptions increased for vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) and decreased for dabigatran (30-47% and 34-12%, respectively). The prescription of other non-vitamin K antagonists remained similar across CrCl groups (14-19%). In 4,873 dabigatran users, standardized stroke rates were low across all CrCl groups; 0.58/100 patient-years (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.30-0.90) in CrCl ≥80 mL/min, 0.85 (95% CI: 0.48-1.21) in CrCl 50 to 79 mL/min, and 0.33 (95% CI: 0.06-1.11) in CrCl 30 to 49 mL/min. Similarly, major bleeding rates were low and numerically increased with declining renal function (0.68/100 patient-years, 95% CI: 0.39-1.03; 0.92, 95% CI: 0.58-1.32; and 1.26, 95% CI: 0.66-1.97, respectively). Conclusion In patients with AF, VKA prescriptions increased and dabigatran prescriptions decreased with declining renal function. Rates of stroke and major bleeding in dabigatran patients remained low across the categories of renal impairment.

16.
J Viral Hepat ; 28(4): 664-671, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452699

RESUMO

Hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) may be associated with a greater risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and the evidence for whether antiviral therapy for HCV could reduce the risk of CVD events is inconsistent. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the association between anti-HCV treatment and the risk of CVD. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases from inception to 20 August 2020. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) of the risk of CVD events [any CVD, coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke] was calculated using the random-effects model. A total of eleven studies, including 309,470 subjects, were enrolled in this meta-analysis. Among those, four studies reported on any CVD between anti-HCV-treated and anti-HCV-untreated patients, five studies reported on CAD, and five studies reported on stroke. Also, five studies reported on any CVD between patients with sustained virological response (SVR) and without SVR. Overall, antiviral therapy for HCV was associated with a reduced risk of any CVD (HR = 0.64, 95% CI: 0.50-0.83), CAD (HR = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.55-0.96) and stroke (HR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.64-0.86). Besides, we found that SVR was associated with a significant decrease in any CVD compared with non-SVR (HR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.60-0.92). In conclusion, this meta-analysis demonstrated that antiviral therapy for HCV was associated with a reduced risk of CVD events. In addition, the risk of CVD events was lower in individuals with SVR compared with those without SVR.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Resposta Viral Sustentada
17.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(2): 1186-1194, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403776

RESUMO

AIMS: This study sought to compare healthcare quality and 30 day, 90 day, and 1 year mortality rates among patients admitted to secondary and tertiary hospitals for heart failure (HF) in Beijing. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study retrospectively enrolled patients hospitalized with a primary discharge diagnosis of HF during January 2014 to December 2015, from five tertiary and four secondary hospitals, in Beijing, China. Mortality data were extracted from Beijing Death Surveillance Database. HF healthcare quality indices were used to evaluate in-hospital care. Associations between hospital level and mortality rates were assessed using generalized linear mixed models, adjusting for patients' baseline characteristics and intra-hospital correlation. Data from 1413 patients (median [interquartile range] age = 74 [65-80] years, 52.7% female) from secondary hospitals and 1250 patients (median [interquartile range] age = 72 [61-79] years, 43.3% female) from tertiary hospitals were collected. Rates of left ventricular ejection fraction assessment (73.2% vs. 90.1%) and combined use of ß-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin II receptor blockers (30.1% vs. 49.3%) were lower in secondary hospitals than those in tertiary hospitals, respectively. Patients admitted to secondary hospitals had a higher 90 day mortality [10.8% vs. 5.0%; adjusted odds ratio (OR): 2.06; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10-3.84, P = 0.024 and a higher 1 year mortality rate [21.0% vs. 12.1%; adjusted OR: 1.64; 95% CI: 1.02-2.62, P = 0.039], but 30 day mortality rates were not significantly different (5.5% vs. 3.0%; adjusted OR: 1.49; 95% CI: 0.63-3.52, P = 0.368). CONCLUSIONS: Worse quality of care for patients with HF in secondary hospitals was associated with higher 90 day and 1 year mortality rates. Improving care quality in secondary hospitals is crucial to improve prognosis of patients they served.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Pequim , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico
18.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 32(2): 333-341, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An understanding of the risk factors for atrial fibrillation (AF) progression and the associated impacts on clinical prognosis are important for the future management of this common arrhythmia. We aimed to investigate the rate of progression from paroxysmal (PAF) to more sustained subtypes of AF (SAF), the associated risk factors for this progression, and its impact on adverse clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from the Chinese trial Fibrillation Registry study, we included 8290 PAF patients. Half of them underwent initial AF ablation at enrollment. The main outcomes were ischemic stroke/systemic embolism (IS/SE), cardiovascular hospitalization, cardiovascular death, and all-cause mortality. The median follow-up duration was 1091 (704, 1634) days, and progression from PAF to SAF occurred in 881 (22.5%) nonablated patients, while 130 (3.0%) ablated patients had AF recurrence and developed SAF. The incidence rate of AF progression for the cohort was 3.87 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.64-4.12) per 100 patient-years, being higher in nonablated compared to ablated patients. Older age, longer AF history, heart failure, hypertension, coronary artery disease, respiratory diseases, and larger atrial diameter were associated with a higher incidence of AF progression, while antiarrhythmic drug use and AF ablation were inversely related to it. For nonablated patients, AF progression was independently associated with an increased risk of IS/SE (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.52, 95% CI = 1.15-2.01) and cardiovascular hospitalizations (HR = 1.40, 95% CI = 1.23-1.58). CONCLUSION: AF progression was common in its natural course. It was related to comorbidities and whether rhythm control strategies were used, and was associated with an increased risk of IS/SE and cardiovascular hospitalization.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Idoso , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco
19.
Herz ; 46(Suppl 1): 123-129, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between arrhythmia-associated or electrocardiogram (ECG)-associated common variants and PR interval, QRS duration, QTcorrected, and heart rate in a Chinese cohort. METHODS: We studied the association between 26 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and digital ECG data from 379 unrelated Han Chinese individuals collected in an epidemiological survey in Beijing. All subjects were 45 years of age or older and were free of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. The SNPs were genotyped in a multiplex panel using the Sequenom MassARRAY platform. RESULTS: Missense variant T66A (Thr66Ala, rs4074536) of the CASQ2 gene, which was previously reported to be associated with QRS complex in European populations, was significantly associated with PR interval prolongation in our sample (padjusted = 0.006, betaadjusted = 3.983 ms). A two-tailed t test showed that the CC genotype (n = 86) had a significantly longer PR interval (162.9 ± 19.4 ms) than the non-CC genotypes (n = 288, PR interval: 154.6 ± 20.9 ms), with a remarkable difference of 8.2 ms between the groups (p = 0.001). Interestingly, this association between T66A of CASQ2 and PR interval was more evident in females (padjusted = 0.007, betaadjusted = 5.723 ms) than in males (padjusted = 0.177, betaadjusted = 2.725 ms). In addition, rs3822714 in the HAND1 locus might be associated with QRS duration (padjusted = 0.034, betaadjusted = -2.268 ms). CONCLUSION: We identified a novel signal of an association between the CC genotype of T66A in CASQ2 and PR interval prolongation in a Chinese population, particularly in females. This association deserves further exploration given its possible effects on calcium handling in cardiac electrophysiology.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Arritmias Cardíacas , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Calsequestrina/genética , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
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