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1.
Med Sci Monit ; 29: e938288, 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36733233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This study from a single center in Beijing, China, included 412 patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation. We aimed to determine whether pre-ablation serum lipid levels were related to recurrence of atrial fibrillation (RAF). MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 412 patients with AF who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation were enrolled in the study. Fasting levels of triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC), were measured at baseline before ablation, and patients were classified according to lipid level quartiles (Q1-Q4). RAF was affirmed via 24-h electrocardiography or 12-lead electrocardiography. RESULTS A total of 82 (19.90%) patients experienced RAF. After adjusting for other relevant factors and sex, univariate logistic regression analysis revealed LDL-C (hazard ratio [HR], 1.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.93-1.47) and TC (HR, 1.17; 95% CI, 0.96-1.42) levels were not significantly related to RAF. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that, compared with the highest quartile (Q4), female patients with lower quartiles of TC had higher RAF, especially Q3 (HR, 16.24; 95% CI, 1.14-231.56). LDL-C levels were higher in Q1 than in Q4 but lower in Q2 and Q3 than in Q4 (Q1: HR, 1.34; 95% CI, 0.08-18.89; Q2: HR, 0.09, 95% CI, 0.06-1.52; Q3: HR, 0.02, 95% CI, 0.14-0.57). CONCLUSIONS This study showed RAF in almost 20% of treated patients and RAF was significantly related to pre-ablation serum levels of LDL-C and TC in women.

2.
Europace ; 2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36504017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to assess the effect of ethanol infusion into the vein of Marshall (EIVOM) on the acute success of left pulmonary vein (LPV) isolation in persistent atrial fibrillation (PeAF). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 313 patients with drug-resistant PeAF were enrolled (135 in Group 1 and 178 in Group 2). In Group 1, EIVOM was firstly performed, followed by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) including bilateral pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and linear ablation at roofline, cavotricuspid isthmus, and mitral isthmus (MI). In Group 2, PVI and linear ablations were completed with RFA. First-pass isolation of the LPV was achieved in 119 (88.1%) and 132 (74.2%) patients in Groups 1 and 2, respectively (P = 0.002). The rate of acute pulmonary vein reconnection (PVR) was significantly lower in Group 1 (9.6% vs. 22.5%, P = 0.003). About half of acute PVR occurred in the carina with or without EIVOM. CONCLUSION: EIVOM is effective in achieving a higher first-pass isolation and a lower acute PVR of LPV in PeAF.

3.
Europace ; 2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36514946

RESUMO

AIMS: Fascicular ventricle tachycardia (FVT) arising from the proximal aspect of left His-Purkinje system (HPS) has not been specially addressed. Current study was to investigate its clinical, electrocardiographic, and electrophysiological characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen patients who were identified as this rare FVT were consecutively enrolled, and their scalar electrocardiogram and electrophysiological data were collected and analysed. The ventricular tachycardia (VT) morphology was similar to sinus rhythm (SR) in eight patients, left bundle branch block type in one patient, right bundle branch block type in seven patients, and both narrow and wide QRS type in two patients. During VT, right-sided His potential preceded the QRS with His-ventricle (H-V) interval of 36.3 ± 12.4 ms, which was shorter than that during SR (-51.4 ± 8.6 ms) (P = 0.002). The earliest Purkinje potentials (PPs) were recorded within 7 ± 3 mm of left-side His and preceded the QRS by 49.1 ± 14.0 ms. Mapping along the left anterior fascicle and left posterior fascicle revealed an antegrade activation sequence in all with no P1 potentials recorded. In the two patients with two VT morphologies, the earliest PP was documented at the same site, and the activation sequence of HPS remained antegrade. Ablation at the earliest PP successfully eliminated the tachycardia, except one patient who developed complete atrial-ventricular block and two patients who abandoned ablations. After at least 12 months follow-up, 15 patients were free from any recurrences. CONCLUSIONS: Fascicular ventricle tachycardia arising from the proximal aspect of left HPS was featured by recording slightly shorter H-V interval and absence of P1 potentials. Termination of VT requires ablation at the left-sided His or its adjacent region.

4.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 1019986, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36407455

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate performance of the ABC (Age, Biomarkers, Clinical history)-bleeding risk score in estimating major bleeding risk in Chinese patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) on oral anticoagulation (OAC) therapy in real-world practice. Methods: Data were collected from the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry study (CAFR). Patients were stratified into low-, medium-, and high-risk groups based on ABC-bleeding risk score with 1-year major bleeding risk (<1%, 1-2%, and > 2%) and modified HAS-BLED score (≤1, 2, and > 2 points). Cox proportional-hazards (Cox-PH) models were used to determine the association of major bleeding incidence with bleeding scores. Harrell's C-index of the two scores were compared. Net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) at 1 year were employed to evaluate the reclassification capacity. The calibration curve was plotted to compare the predicted major bleeding risk using ABC-bleeding risk score with the observed annualized event rate. The decision analysis curves (DCA) were performed to show the clinical utilization of two scores in identifying major bleeding events. Results: The study included 2,892 AF patients on OAC therapy. After the follow-up of 3.0 years, 48 patients had major bleeding events; the incidence of a bleeding event in the low-, medium-, and high-risk groups according to ABC-bleeding risk score was 0.31% (reference group, HR = 1.00),0.51% (HR = 1.83, 95%CI: 0.91-3.69, P = 0.09), and 1.49% (HR = 4.92, 95%CI: 2.34-10.30, P < 0.001), respectively. Major bleeding incidence had an independent association with growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) level (HR = 2.16, 95%CI: 1.27-3.68, P = 0.005) after adjusting components of the HAS-BLED score and cTnT-hs level. The ABC-bleeding score showed a Harrell's C-index of 0.67 (95%CI: 0.60-0.75) in estimating major bleeding risk, which was non-significant compared to the modified HAS-BLED score (0.67 vs. 0.63; P = 0.38). NRI and IDI also revealed comparable reclassification capacity of ABC-bleeding risk score compared with HAS-BLED score (14.6%, 95%CI: -10.2%, 39.4%, P = 0.25; 0.2%, 95%CI -0.1 to 0.9%, P = 0.64). Cross-tabulation of the two scores showed that the ABC-bleeding score outperformed the HAS-BLED score in identifying patients with a high risk of major bleeding. The calibration curve showed that the ABC-bleeding risk score overestimated the observed major bleeding risk. DCA did not show any difference in net benefit when using either of the scores. Conclusion: This study verified the value of the ABC-bleeding risk score in assessing major bleeding risk in Chinese patients with AF on OAC therapy in real-world practice. Despite the overestimation of major bleeding risk, ABC-bleeding score performed better in stratifying patients with a high risk than the modified HAS-BLED score. Combining the two scores could be a clinically practical strategy for precisely stratifying AF patients, especially those at a high risk of major bleeding, and further supporting the optimization of OAC treatment.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perimitral atrial tachycardia (PMAT) is the most frequent type of iatrogenic atrial tachycardia (AT) after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. Vein of Marshall ethanol infusion (EIVOM) is a promising technique in mitral isthmus (MI) ablation. METHODS: A total of 165 patients with PMAT were divided into three groups according to ablation strategies, including RF only group (n = 89), RF-EIVOM group (initial RF ablation with adjunctive EIVOM, n = 28), and EIVOM-RF group (first-step EIVOM with touch-up RF ablation, n = 48). Acute and follow-up procedure outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: PMAT terminated in 89.9%, 89.3%, and 93.7% of patients in RF only, RF-EIVOM and EIVOM-RF groups, respectively (p = .715), with complete MI block achieved in 80.9%, 89.3%, and 95.8% of patients (EIVOM-RF vs. RF only, p = .012). First-step utilization of EIVOM was associated with a significant shortening of RF ablation time at MI (EIVOM-RF 2.1 ± 1.3 min, RF only 7.9 ± 5.9 min, RF-EIVOM 6.8 ± 5.8 min; p < .001) and a decrease in the proportion of patients need ablation within coronary sinus (CS, EIVOM-RF 14.6%, RF only 61.8%, RF-EIVOM 64.3%; p < .001). After a mean follow-up of 12.1 ± 6.2 months, AF/AT recurred in 39 (43.8%), 6 (21.4%), and 12 (25.0%) patients in RF only, RF-EIVOM, and EIVOM-RF group (RF-EIVOM vs. RF only, p = .026; EIVOM-RF vs. RF only, p = .022). CONCLUSIONS: EIVOM was associated with an enhanced acute MI block rate as well as reduced AF/AT recurrence. First-step utilization of EIVOM promises to significantly simplify the RF ablation process. CONDENSED ABSTRACT: PMAT is the most common type of iatrogenic AT after AF ablation procedures. EIVOM contributed to a higher acute MI block rate and lower arrhythmia recurrence risk during follow-up. First-step utilization of EIVOM significantly reduced the need for radiofrequency ablation at MI and inside CS with the advantage of creating a homogenous, transmural lesion and eliminating epicardial connections.

6.
JACC Asia ; 2(6): 653-665, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444328

RESUMO

Elevated concentration of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, including coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease, and so on. Emerging data suggest that Lp(a) contributes to the increased risk for cardiovascular events even in the setting of effective reduction of plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Nevertheless, puzzling issues exist covering potential genetic factors, Lp(a) assay, possible individuals for analysis, a cutoff point of increased risk, and clinical interventions. In the Chinese population, Lp(a) exhibited a distinctive prevalence and regulated various cardiovascular diseases in specific ways. Hence, it is valuable to clarify the role of Lp(a) in cardiovascular diseases and explore prevention and control measures for the increase in Lp(a) prevalence in the Chinese population. This Beijing Heart Society experts' scientific statement will present the detailed knowledge concerning Lp(a)-related studies combined with Chinese population observations to provide the key points of reference.

7.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 984251, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36211564

RESUMO

Background: Acute pericardial tamponade (APT) is one of the most serious complications of catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF-CA). Direct autotransfusion (DAT) is a method of reinjecting pericardial blood directly into patients through vein access without a cell-salvage system. Data regarding DAT for APT are rare and provide limited information. Our present study aims to further investigate the safety and feasibility of DAT in the management of APT during the AF-CA procedure. Methods and results: We retrospectively reviewed 73 cases of APT in the perioperative period of AF-CA from January 2014 to October 2021 at our institution, among whom 46 were treated with DAT. All included patients successfully received emergency pericardiocentesis through subxiphoid access guided by X-ray. Larger volumes of aspirated pericardial blood (658.4 ± 545.2 vs. 521.2 ± 464.9 ml), higher rates of bridging anticoagulation (67.4 vs. 37.0%), and surgical repair (6 vs. 0) were observed in patients with DAT than without. Moreover, patients with DAT were less likely to complete AF-CA procedures (32/46 vs. 25/27) and had a lower incidence of APT first presented in the ward (delayed presentation) (8/46 vs. 9/27). There was no difference in major adverse events (death/disseminated intravascular coagulation/multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and clinical thrombosis) (0/0/1/0 vs. 1/0/0/0), other potential DAT-related complications (fever/infection and deep venous thrombosis) (8/5/2 vs. 5/3/1), and length of hospital stay (11.4 ± 11.6 vs. 8.3 ± 4.7 d) between two groups. Conclusion: DAT could be a feasible and safe method to deal with APT during AF-CA procedure.

8.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0274237, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36201473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess baseline characteristics and antithrombotic treatment (ATT) prescription patterns in patients enrolled in the third phase of the GLORIA-AF Registry Program, evaluate predictors of treatment prescription, and compare results with phase II. METHODS: GLORIA-AF is a large, global, prospective registry program, enrolling patients with newly diagnosed nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) at risk of stroke. Patients receiving dabigatran were followed for two years in phase II, and all patients were followed for 3 years in phase III. Phase II started when dabigatran became available; phase III started when the characteristics of patients receiving dabigatran became roughly comparable with those receiving vitamin K antagonists (VKAs). RESULTS: Between 2014 and 2016, 21,241 patients were enrolled in phase III. In total, 82% of patients were prescribed oral anticoagulation ([OAC]; 59.5% novel/nonvitamin K oral anticoagulants [NOACs], 22.7% VKAs). A further 11% of patients were prescribed antiplatelets without OAC and 7% were prescribed no ATT. A high stroke risk was the main driver of OAC prescription. Factors associated with prescription of VKA over NOAC included type of site, region, physician specialty, and impaired kidney function. CONCLUSION: Over the past few years, data from phase III of GLORIA-AF show that OACs have become the standard treatment option, with most newly diagnosed AF patients prescribed a NOAC. However, in some regions a remarkable proportion of patients remain undertreated. In comparison with phase II, more patients received NOACs in phase III while the prescription of VKA decreased. VKAs were preferred over NOACs in patients with impaired kidney function.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/induzido quimicamente , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Dabigatrana/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/induzido quimicamente , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Vitamina K
9.
Semin Thromb Hemost ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular thrombus (LVT) is a common complication of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), causing morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed patients with DCM from January 2002 to August 2020 in Beijing Anzhen Hospital. Clinical characteristics were compared between the LVT group and the age and sex 1:4 matched with the LVT absent group. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic value of D-dimer predicting LVT occurrence in DCM. RESULTS: A total of 3,134 patients were screened, and LVT was detected in 72 (2.3%) patients on echocardiography. The patients with LVT had higher D-dimer, fibrinogen, and lower systolic blood pressure than those without LVT. The ejection fraction (EF) was lower and left ventricular end-systolic diameter was larger in the LVT group. Severe mitral regurgitation (MR) was more common in the LVT absent groups. The prevalence of atrial fibrillation was lower in the LVT group. The ROC curve analysis yielded an optimal cut-off value of 444 ng/mL DDU (D-dimer units) for D-dimer to predict the presence of LVT. Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis revealed that EF (OR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.86-0.95), severe MR (OR = 0.19, 95% CI = 0.08-0.48), and D-dimer level (OR = 15.4, 95% CI = 7.58-31.4) were independently associated with LVT formation. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that elevated D-dimer levels (>444 ng/mL DDU) and reduced EF were independently associated with increased risk of LVT formation. Severe MR could decrease the incidence of LVT.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Debates exist in the repeat ablation strategy for patients with recurrence presenting as persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) after initial persistent AF ablation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome between the "2C3L" and "extensive ablation" approach in patients undergoing repeat procedures for recurrent persistent AF. METHODS: Propensity-score matching was performed in 196 patients with AF recurrence undergoing repeat ablation, and 79 patients treated with "2C3L" strategy were matched to 79 patients treated with "extensive ablation" strategy. The "2C3L" approach included pulmonary vein isolation, mitral isthmus, left atrial roof, and cavotricuspid isthmus ablation, while the "extensive ablation" strategy included extensive ablation of a variety of other targets aiming to terminate the AF. The primary outcome was freedom from any atrial tachyarrhythmia after 24-h ambulatory monitoring follow-up for 12 months. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was found between the primary outcome between the "2C3L" and the "extensive ablation" group [70.9% vs. 69.6%, p = .862; 95% confidence interval (CI) -12.8 to 15.3], although the "extensive ablation" group had a significantly high proportion of AF termination (19.0% for "2C3L" vs. 41.8% for "extensive ablation" group, p = .002; 95% CI 8.5-35.9). And AF termination was not related to the primary outcome in multifactorial regression. At 40 ± 22 months after the repeat procedure, the primary outcome was also comparable (57.0 % for "2C3L" vs. 48.1% for "extensive ablation" group, p = .265; 95% CI -6.6 to 23.7). CONCLUSION: The outcome between the "2C3L" and "extensive ablation" approaches was comparable in patients undergoing repeat procedures for recurrent persistent AF.

11.
Int J Cardiol ; 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067923

RESUMO

Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a rare large vasculitis with unknown etiology, which affects the aorta and its primary branches, as well as the pulmonary and coronary arteries. Cellular and humoral immunity, chronic inflammation, and genetic factors are involved into TA pathogenesis. Several biomarkers, such as MMPs, TIMPs, cytokines, cell adhesion molecules, autoantibodies, complements, PTX3, sRAGE, NT-proBNP, 8-isoPGF2α, NO2-, acute-phase and immunology-related proteins, thrombogenicity markers, ghrelin leptin and adipokines, endothelial damage and repair factors, genetic markers etc., related to the pathogenesis could be observed in patients with TA. These biomarkers have revealed great values in early diagnosis, evaluating disease activity, guiding clinical treatment options, and thus demonstrated significant clinical application values in TA. The combination of biomarkers assay and imaging examination may detect TA more accurately. The aim of this review is to systemically observe the clinical significance of these biomarkers in TA.

12.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 15: 2675-2682, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068794

RESUMO

Background: It is uncertain whether the effect of hyperglycemia on mortality among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) could be adjusted by other modifiable risk factors. Greater body mass index (BMI) might enhance the effect of fasting blood glucose (FPG) on cardiovascular mortality in patients with ACS. Methods: We retrospectively enrolled patients admitted for ACS from 2008 to 2017 in Beijing and divided them into three BMI groups (normal weight ≤ 25 kg/m2, overweight 25-29.9 kg/m2, obese ≥ 30 kg/m2). The relationships between the blood glucose levels and all-cause or cardiovascular mortalities and their heterogeneities across the groups were analyzed using Cox regression models. Results: A total of 8,086 patients were enrolled, with 746 all-cause and 496 cardiovascular mortalities recorded during the follow-up period. Each 1 mmol/L increase in FPG was associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality across all groups (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.06, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-1.09 for normal weight patients; adjusted HR: 1.09, 95% CI: 1.05-1.13 for overweight patients; adjusted HR: 1.12, 95% CI: 1.03-1.22 for obese patients), and was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality among overweight (adjusted HR: 1.10, 95% CI: 1.05-1.14) and obese patients (adjusted HR: 1.15, 95% CI: 1.04-1.26), which was greater (p for heterogeneity = 0.006) than the association in the normal weight group (adjusted HR: 1.03, 95% CI: 0.99-1.08). Similar results were found among 2,537 patients with ACS diagnosed with diabetes. Conclusion: Greater BMI enhances the effect of FPG on cardiovascular mortality among patients with ACS.

13.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 45(9): 1032-1041, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35866663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) frequently coexist. This study aimed to assess the long-term outcome of catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal AF and SCAD. METHODS: In total, 12,104 patients with paroxysmal AF underwent catheter ablation in the Chinese Atrial Fibrillation Registry between 2011 and 2019 were screened. A total of 441 patients with SCAD were matched with patients without SCAD in a 1:4 ratio. The primary endpoint was AF recurrence after single ablation. The composite secondary endpoints were thromboembolism, coronary events, major bleeding, all-cause death. RESULTS: Over a mean follow-up of 46.0 ± 18.9 months, the recurrence rate in patients with SCAD was significantly higher after a single ablation (49.0% vs. 41.9%, p = .03). The very late recurrence rate of AF in the SCAD group was also significantly higher than that in the control group (38.9% vs. 31.2%;p = .04). In multivariate analysis, adjusted with the female, smoking, duration of AF, previous thromboembolism, COPD, and statins, SCAD was independently associated with AF recurrence (adjusted HR, 1.19 [1.02-1.40], p = .03). The composite secondary endpoints were significantly higher in the SCAD group (12.70% vs. 8.54%, p = .02), mainly due to thromboembolism events (8.16% vs. 4.41%, p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: SCAD significantly increased the risk of recurrence after catheter ablation of paroxysmal AF. The incidence of thromboembolic events after catheter ablation of paroxysmal AF in the patients with SCAD was significantly higher than that in those without SCAD.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Tromboembolia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 79(19): 1932-1948, 2022 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550691

RESUMO

The considerable mortality and morbidity associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) pose a substantial burden on patients and health care services. Although the management of AF historically focused on decreasing AF recurrence, it evolved over time in favor of rate control. Recently, more emphasis has been placed on reducing adverse cardiovascular outcomes using rhythm control, generally by using safe and effective rhythm-control therapies (typically antiarrhythmic drugs and/or AF ablation). Evidence increasingly supports early rhythm control in patients with AF that has not become long-standing, but current clinical practice and guidelines do not yet fully reflect this change. Early rhythm control may effectively reduce irreversible atrial remodeling and prevent AF-related deaths, heart failure, and strokes in high-risk patients. It has the potential to halt progression and potentially save patients from years of symptomatic AF; therefore, it should be offered more widely.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Remodelamento Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e934747, 2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction improves cardiovascular outcomes. This study investigates the relationship between lipid levels and outcomes in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation by LDL-C quarters. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with atrial fibrillation were enrolled from 31 typical hospitals in China. Of 19 515 patients, 6775 with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) were followed for 5 years or until an event occurred. RESULTS Hyperlipidemia was not an independent risk factor for stroke/thromboembolism and cardiovascular mortality among patients with NVAF (hazard ratio 0.82, 95% CI 0.7-0.96, P=0.82). When patients were divided into quartiles according to LDL-C levels at the time of enrollment (Q1, <1.95; Q2, 1.95-2.51; Q3, 2.52-3.09; and Q4, >3.09 mmol/L), as LDL-C increased, events tapered off according to Kaplan-Meier curves for patients who were without oral anticoagulants and off statins (non-OAC; log-rank=8.3494, P=0.0393) and for those with oral anticoagulants (OAC; log-rank=6.7668 P=0.0797). This relationship was stronger for patients who were without OAC treatment and off statins than for those with OAC treatment. The relationship was not significant in patients with or without OAC and on statins (log-rank=2.5080, P=0.4738). This relationship also existed in patients with CHA2DS2-VASc scores <2 (log-rank=5.893, P=0.1167). For those with CHA2DS2-VASc scores ≥2 (log-rank=6.6163, P=0.0852), the relationship was stronger. CONCLUSIONS In patients with NVAF using standard or no lipid-lowering medication, low plasma LDL-C levels were related to an increased risk of stroke/thromboembolism and cardiovascular mortality.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Tromboembolia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , LDL-Colesterol , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
17.
Heart Lung Circ ; 31(7): 1006-1014, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35304060

RESUMO

AIMS: The prevalence and incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) significantly increase with age. Catheter ablation is already recommended in the guidelines for this selected elderly population. This study aimed to explore the safety and effectiveness of AF catheter ablation in patients aged ≥80 years. METHODS: The data were based on the China-AF study. Patients with AF aged ≥80 years who received catheter ablation from August 2011 to December 2020 were selected. Catheter ablation included bilateral circumferential pulmonary vein antrum isolation with or without additional linear ablation. Patients were followed up every 6 months. Arrhythmia-free curves were generated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to analyse the predictors for post-ablation recurrence. RESULTS: A total of 270 patients were included in the study. Many patients had comorbidities: 73.7% had hypertension and 29.3% had diabetes mellitus. All patients achieved successful bilateral circumferential pulmonary vein antrum isolation. Total complications were noted in nine of 270 (3.3%) patients and nine of 286 (3.1%) ablation procedures. After the first ablation procedure, 74% of the whole cohort-78% patients with paroxysmal AF, and 66% patients with persistent AF - were free from atrial tachyarrhythmia at follow-up to 12 months. Patients with persistent AF, longer AF duration, and history of ischaemic stroke were more likely to have AF recurrence. CONCLUSION: Patients with AF aged ≥80 years, although with many comorbidities, had low complication rates and favourable outcomes after catheter ablation. Catheter ablation was a safe and effective treatment to achieve sinus rhythm in the selected elderly patients.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Isquemia Encefálica , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Humanos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 111(5): 548-559, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35294623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prospectively collected, routine clinical practice-based data on antithrombotic therapy in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) patients are important for assessing real-world comparative outcomes. The objective was to compare the safety and effectiveness of dabigatran versus vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in patients with newly diagnosed AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: GLORIA-AF is a large, prospective, global registry program. Consecutive patients with newly diagnosed AF and CHA2DS2-VASc scores ≥ 1 were included and followed for 3 years. To control for differences in patient characteristics, the comparative analysis for dabigatran versus VKA was performed on a propensity score (PS)-matched patient set. Missing data were multiply imputed. Proportional-hazards regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for outcomes of interest. Between 2014 and 2016, 21,300 eligible patients were included worldwide: 3839 patients were prescribed dabigatran and 4836 VKA with a median age of 71.0 and 72.0 years, respectively; > 85% in each group had a CHA2DS2-VASc-score ≥ 2. The PS-matched comparative analysis for dabigatran and VKA included on average 3326 pairs of matched initiators. For dabigatran versus VKAs, adjusted HRs (95% confidence intervals) were: stroke 0.89 (0.59-1.34), major bleeding 0.61 (0.42-0.88), all-cause death 0.78 (0.63-0.97), and myocardial infarction 0.89 (0.53-1.48). Further analyses stratified by PS and region provided similar results. CONCLUSIONS: Dabigatran was associated with a 39% reduced risk of major bleeding and 22% reduced risk for all-cause death compared with VKA. Stroke and myocardial infarction risks were similar, confirming a more favorable benefit-risk profile for dabigatran compared with VKA in clinical practice. Clinical trial registration https://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov . NCT01468701, NCT01671007.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial , Dabigatrana , Vitamina K , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Dabigatrana/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores
19.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 111(5): 560-573, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35294625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Prospectively collected data comparing the safety and effectiveness of individual non-vitamin K antagonists (NOACs) are lacking. Our objective was to directly compare the effectiveness and safety of NOACs in patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: In GLORIA-AF, a large, prospective, global registry program, consecutive patients with newly diagnosed AF were followed for 3 years. The comparative analyses for (1) dabigatran vs rivaroxaban or apixaban and (2) rivaroxaban vs apixaban were performed on propensity score (PS)-matched patient sets. Proportional hazards regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for outcomes of interest. RESULTS: The GLORIA-AF Phase III registry enrolled 21,300 patients between January 2014 and December 2016. Of these, 3839 were prescribed dabigatran, 4015 rivaroxaban and 4505 apixaban, with median ages of 71.0, 71.0, and 73.0 years, respectively. In the PS-matched set, the adjusted HRs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for dabigatran vs rivaroxaban were, for stroke: 1.27 (0.79-2.03), major bleeding 0.59 (0.40-0.88), myocardial infarction 0.68 (0.40-1.16), and all-cause death 0.86 (0.67-1.10). For the comparison of dabigatran vs apixaban, in the PS-matched set, the adjusted HRs were, for stroke 1.16 (0.76-1.78), myocardial infarction 0.84 (0.48-1.46), major bleeding 0.98 (0.63-1.52) and all-cause death 1.01 (0.79-1.29). For the comparison of rivaroxaban vs apixaban, in the PS-matched set, the adjusted HRs were, for stroke 0.78 (0.52-1.19), myocardial infarction 0.96 (0.63-1.45), major bleeding 1.54 (1.14-2.08), and all-cause death 0.97 (0.80-1.19). CONCLUSIONS: Patients treated with dabigatran had a 41% lower risk of major bleeding compared with rivaroxaban, but similar risks of stroke, MI, and death. Relative to apixaban, patients treated with dabigatran had similar risks of stroke, major bleeding, MI, and death. Rivaroxaban relative to apixaban had increased risk for major bleeding, but similar risks for stroke, MI, and death. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov . Unique identifiers: NCT01468701, NCT01671007. Date of registration: September 2013.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Infarto do Miocárdio , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Dabigatrana/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Piridonas/efeitos adversos , Sistema de Registros , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
20.
Echocardiography ; 39(3): 416-425, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35076951

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the ability of the novel LA strain parameters to discriminate patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) from individuals with risk factors of HFpEF. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of n = 389 patients with risk factors for HFpEF finally was prospectively enrolled into the study, 66 of them were diagnosed with HFpEF by the 2021 ESC HF guidelines. Fifty-five patients were undergone left ventricular catheterization and simultaneous transthoracic echocardiography was performed, 35 of them with elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP). Left atrial reservoir strain (LASr) was measured in all patients. LA filling index was defined as the ratio of mitral E and LASr and LA stiffness index was calculated as E/e'/LASr. Compared with the patients in the normal LVEDP subgroup, those in the elevated LVEDP subgroup showed significantly higher LA filling index, LA stiffness index, and LAVI/LASr. The receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis showed LASr (area under curve [AUC] .840), LA filling index (AUC .843), LA stiffness index (AUC .766), and LAVI/LASr (AUC .755) had good diagnostic accuracy for elevated LVEDP. Inter-technique agreement analysis showed the novel algorithms with LA strain parameters had good agreement with the invasive LVEDP measurement, better than the 2016 ASE/SCAI algorithms (kappa .711 vs. .101). Furthermore, compared with patients without HFpEF, LASr was lower in HFpEF, LA filling index, LA stiffness index, and LAVI/LASr was higher in patients with HFpEF. ROC analysis showed the novel LA strain parameters with good accuracy (AUC .756 to .821) non-inferior to conventional echocardiographic parameters could identify HFpEF, and LA stiffness index (AUC .821) was the best one. CONCLUSION: The novel LA strain parameters could be of potential usefulness in estimating LVEDP and incorporated into the 2016 EACVI/ASE criteria would improve the diagnostic efficiency. The novel LA strain parameters with good accuracy non-inferior to conventional echocardiographic parameters could discriminate HFpEF from patients with risk factors of HFpEF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Ecocardiografia , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
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