Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 302
Filtrar
1.
Lipids Health Dis ; 20(1): 69, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in serum lipids and lipoproteins have been documented to link to the risk of cancers in recent years, but its prognostic value for cancer is not known. This study retrospectively evaluated the significance of preoperative serum lipids and lipoproteins for NSCLC's prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective review was implemented of 551 patients succumbed to NSCLC. A ROC curve was utilized to determine the best cut-off value and area under the ROC curve. Kaplan-Meier and a Cox proportional hazards model were utilized to perform survival analysis. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 42 months, the NSCLC patients in the high TG (> 1.21 mmol/L) and low HDL-C (≤ 1.26 mmol/L) two groups exhibited shorter OS and DFS. In multivariable analysis, preoperative HDL-C and TG can work as independent prognosis factors for OS (P<0.001 for both) and DFS (P<0.05 for both) in patients succumbed to NSCLC. CONCLUSION: Abnormalities of serum lipids and lipoproteins metabolism linked to the survival outcomes of NSCLC. Preoperative serum HDL-C and TG may be promising biomarkers to predict the NSCLC patients' prognosis.

2.
Nat Metab ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663975

RESUMO

5-diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate (5-IP7) is a signalling metabolite linked to various cellular processes. How extracellular stimuli elicit 5-IP7 signalling remains unclear. Here we show that 5-IP7 in ß cells mediates parasympathetic stimulation of synaptotagmin-7 (Syt7)-dependent insulin release. Mechanistically, vagal stimulation and activation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors triggers Gαq-PLC-PKC-PKD-dependent signalling and activates IP6K1, the 5-IP7 synthase. Whereas both 5-IP7 and its precursor IP6 compete with PIP2 for binding to Syt7, Ca2+ selectively binds 5-IP7 with high affinity, freeing Syt7 to enable fusion of insulin-containing vesicles with the cell membrane. ß-cell-specific IP6K1 deletion diminishes insulin secretion and glucose clearance elicited by muscarinic stimulation, whereas mice carrying a phosphorylation-mimicking, hyperactive IP6K1 mutant display augmented insulin release, congenital hyperinsulinaemia and obesity. These phenotypes are absent in mice lacking Syt7. Our study proposes a new conceptual framework for inositol pyrophosphate physiology in which 5-IP7 acts as a GPCR second messenger at the interface between peripheral nervous system and metabolic organs, transmitting Gq-coupled GPCR stimulation to unclamp Syt7-dependent, and perhaps other, exocytotic events.

3.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679622

RESUMO

Chest X-rays (CXR) and computed tomography (CT) are the main medical imaging modalities used against the increased worldwide spread of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic. Machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) technology, based on medical imaging fully extracting and utilizing the hidden information in massive medical imaging data, have been used in COVID-19 research of disease diagnosis and classification, treatment decision-making, efficacy evaluation, and prognosis prediction. This review article describes the extensive research of medical image-based ML and AI methods in preventing and controlling COVID-19, and summarizes their characteristics, differences, and significance in terms of application direction, image collection, and algorithm improvement, from the perspective of radiologists. The limitations and challenges faced by these systems and technologies, such as generalization and robustness, are discussed to indicate future research directions.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655263

RESUMO

Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy, which is a long-term complication of cesarean section. Prompt and accurate diagnosis of CSP is important to decrease maternal mobility and mortality. However, it is difficult to make an early detection for CSP complicated with morbidly adherent placenta. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound with the advantage in blood flow imaging is low-cost, time-saving, safe and more accessible in clinical practice. Here, we report a case with early detection of CSP with placenta increta by contrast-enhanced ultrasound and its successful uterine-sparing surgical management.

5.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(27): 8051-8060, 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intravenous thrombolysis is an important treatment for cerebral infarction. However, it is difficult to achieve good results if the patient is complicated with anterior circulation macrovascular occlusion. In addition, the vascular recanalization rate is low, so mechanical thrombectomy, that is, bridging therapy, is needed. AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of bridging therapy and direct mechanical thrombectomy in the treatment of cardiogenic cerebral infarction with anterior circulation macrovascular occlusion. METHODS: Ninety-six patients in our hospital with cardiogenic cerebral infarction with anterior circulation macrovascular occlusion from January 2017 to July 2020 were divided into a direct thrombectomy group (n = 48) and a bridging group (n = 48). Direct mechanical thrombectomy was performed in the direct thrombectomy group, and bridging therapy was used in the bridging treatment group. Comparisons were performed for the treatment data of the two groups (from admission to imaging examination, from admission to arterial puncture, from arterial puncture to vascular recanalization, and from admission to vascular recanalization), vascular recanalization rate, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores before and after treatment, prognosis and incidence of adverse events. RESULTS: In the direct thrombectomy group, the time from admission to imaging examination was 24.32 ± 8.61 min, from admission to arterial puncture was 95.56 ± 37.55 min, from arterial puncture to vascular recanalization was 54.29 ± 21.38 min, and from admission to revascularization was 156.88 ± 45.51 min, and the corresponding times in the bridging treatment group were 25.38 ± 9.33 min, 100.45 ± 39.30 min, 58.14 ± 25.56 min, and 161.23 ± 51.15 min; there were no significant differences between groups (P=0.564, 0.535, 0.426, and 0.661, respectively). There was no significant difference in the recanalization rate between the direct thrombectomy group (79.17%) and the bridging group (75.00%) (P = 0.627). There were no significant differences between the direct thrombectomy group (16.69 ± 4.91 and 12.12 ± 2.07) and the bridging group (7.13 ± 1.23 and (14.40 ± 0.59) in preoperative NIHSS score and GCS score (P = 0.200 and 0.203, respectively). After the operation, the NIHSS scores in both groups were lower than those before the operation, and the GCS scores were higher than those before the operation. There was no significant difference in NIHSS and GCS scores between the direct thrombectomy group (6.91 ± 1.10 and 14.19 ± 0.65) and the bridging group (7.13 ± 1.23 and 14.40 ± 0.59) (P = 0.358 and 0.101, respectively). There was no significant difference in the proportion of patients who achieved a good prognosis between the direct thrombectomy group (52.08%) and the bridging group (50.008%) (P = 0.838). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the direct thrombectomy group (6.25%) and the bridging group (8.33%) (P = 0.913). CONCLUSION: Bridging therapy and direct mechanical thrombectomy can safely treat cardiogenic cerebral infarction with anterior circulation macrovascular occlusion, achieve good vascular recanalization effects and prognoses, and improve the neurological function of patients.

6.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677361

RESUMO

Microfluidics offer microenvironments for reagent delivery, handling, mixing, reaction, and detection, but often demand the affiliated equipment for liquid control for these functions. As a helpful tool, the capillary pressure control valve (CPCV) has become popular to avoid using affiliated equipment. Liquid can be handled in a controlled manner by using the bubble pressure effects. In this paper, we analyze and categorize the CPCVs via three determining parameters: surface tension, contact angle, and microchannel shape. Finally, a few application scenarios and impacts of CPCV are listed, which includes how CPVC simplify automation of microfluidic networks, work with other driving modes; make extensive use of microfluidics by open channel, and sampling and delivery with controlled manners. The authors hope this review will help the development and use of the CPCV in microfluidic fields in both research and industry.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581696

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Although inflammation plays an important role in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MI/RI), an anti-inflammatory treatment with a single target has little clinical efficacy due to the multifactorial disorders involved in MI/RI. miR-24 can achieve multitarget regulation in several diseases, suggesting that this factor may have ideal effects on alleviation of MI/RI. In present study, bioinformatics method was used to screen potential therapeutic targets of miR-24 associated with MI/RI. Three days before ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) surgery, rats in the I/R, miR-24 and adenovirus-negative control (Ad-NC) groups were injected with saline, miR-24, and Ad-NC (0.1 mL of 5 × 109 PFU/mL), respectively. Myocardial enzymes, myocardial infarct size, cardiac function, and the possible molecular mechanism were subsequently analyzed. In contrast to the level of S100A8, the level of miR-24 in myocardial tissue was significantly reduced after 30 min of ischemia followed by reperfusion for 2 h. Overexpression of miR-24 reduced the myocardial infarction area and improved the heart function of rats 3 days after MI/RI. Moreover, miR-24 inhibited infiltration of inflammatory cells in the peri-infarction area and decreased creatine kinase myocardial band (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Interestingly, miR-24 upregulation reduced S100A8 expression, followed by inhibition of TLR4/MyD-88/NF-κB signaling activation. In conclusion, miR-24 can alleviate MI/RI via inactivation of the S100A8/TLR4/MyD-88/NF-κB signaling pathway.

8.
Clin Genet ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569065

RESUMO

Reduced generation of multiple motile cilia (RGMC) and the consequent primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) cause infertility due to a substantial reduction in the number of multiciliated cells (MCCs) in the efferent ducts (EDs)/oviducts. MCIDAS acts upstream of CCNO to regulate the biogenesis of basal bodies (BBs); therefore, both genes play a vital role in the multiciliogenesis of the reproductive tract epithelium. In this study, whole-exome sequencing was performed to identify the causative genes in ten unrelated infertile patients with PCD: seven males and three females. Notably, homozygous frameshift mutations in MCIDAS (c.186dupT, p.Pro63Serfs*22) and CCNO (c.262_263insGGCCC, p.Gln88Argfs*8) were identified in one male and one female participant from two unrelated consanguineous families. Haematoxylin-eosin staining/scanning electron microscopy revealed abnormal MCCs in the mutated EDs/oviducts. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy revealed significantly reduced BBs. Immunofluorescence staining showed the absence of MCIDAS and CCNO signals in the affected tissues and confirmed that MCIDAS acts upstream of CCNO in the context of multiciliogenesis in the reproductive tract epithelium. In vitro fertilisation (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was successful, with a positive pregnancy outcome in both MCIDAS- and CCNO-mutated patients. Our results support the use of IVF/ICSI interventions to treat infertility due to RGMC in couples.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(38): 15599-15605, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533943

RESUMO

An electrochemical asymmetric coupling of secondary acyclic amines with ketones via a Shono-type oxidation has been described, affording the corresponding amino acid derivatives with good to excellent diastereoselectivity and enantioselectivity. The addition of an N-oxyl radical as a redox mediator could selectively oxidize the substrate rather than the product, although their oxidation potential difference is subtle (about 13 mV). This electrochemical transformation proceeds in the absence of stoichiometric additives, including metals, oxidants, and electrolytes, which gives it good functional group compatibility. Mechanistic studies suggest that proton-mediated racemization of the product is prevented by the reduction of protons at the cathode.

10.
Chemosphere ; 282: 131130, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470168

RESUMO

The characteristic pollutants in alkali/surfactant/polymer (ASP) flooding oilfield wastewater are complex [e.g., NaCl, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), petroleum, and polyacrylamide (PAM)]; thus, membrane distillation (MD) applied to treat this wastewater will be fouled and wetted easily. In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) was used to analyze the effects of pollutant interactions in ASP flooding oilfield wastewater on membrane fouling. The response model showed quantitative relationships between the membrane flux and the pollutant concentrations. The analysis of variance (p-value of the model < 0.0001, p-value of lack of fit > 0.05, R2 = 0.9750 and R2adj = 0.9500) showed that the regression equation fit the empirical data well. The results also indicated that the interactions of pollutants (NaCl and SDS; petroleum and PAM) had significant influence on the flux decline in the simulated ASP flooding oilfield wastewater. The characterization of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that the MD membrane was fouled by simulated ASP flooding oilfield wastewater to a certain degree. Moreover, the membrane flux was restored to 86.9% after hydraulic cleaning.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Purificação da Água , Álcalis , Destilação , Campos de Petróleo e Gás , Polímeros , Tensoativos , Águas Residuárias
11.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 126984, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523478

RESUMO

Membrane fouling is an inevitable problem in forward osmosis (FO) treatment of algal-rich water (ARW). Natural ARW has a complex composition. Therefore, the coexisting components (Ca2+, natural organic humic acid [HA], and inorganic particulate kaolinite) in the influence of ARW on FO membrane fouling were studied. The analysis of extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek theory and the confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed that the addition of coexisting components increased the attraction between pollutants and membranes, as well as among pollutants to varying degrees, and promoted the development of membrane fouling. Furthermore, Ca2+ and HA aggravated irreversible membrane fouling. All coexisting components changed the distribution and thickness of the fouling layer, and the addition of Ca2+ increased the content of extracellular organic matter (proteins and polysaccharides). The present results enhance the understanding of the mechanism through which natural ingredients affect microalgal membrane fouling and provide a basis for membrane fouling control to treat ARW.

12.
Curr Drug Targets ; 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been identified to be involved in a variety of human diseases such as cancers, cardiovascular diseases, and autoimmune diseases. In recent years, the role of circRNAs in the development of kidney diseases in nephrology has been gradually recognized. OBJECTIVE: We updated and described the current status of circRNAs in kidney diseases in nephrology. We particularly focused on the roles and mechanisms of circRNAs in systemic lupus erythematosus and lupus nephritis. METHODS: We summarized recent reports published on PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Scielo databases using key words circRNAs, kidney diseases or renal diseases, or systemic lupus erythematosus. RESULTS: Studies of circRNAs in certain kidney diseases such as acute kidney injury, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, idiopathic membranous nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, diabetic nephropathy, hypertensive renal damage and particular lupus nephritis address the function and pathogenesis of circRNAs in these diseases. Mechanisms of circRNAs in the above human kidney diseases so far have focused on the role of sponging microRNAs and regulating the expression of target genes. Moreover, circRNAs have been detected in blood, urine, and kidney tissue samples. These results suggest that circRNAs can serve as biomarkers for the diagnosis and monitoring the progression of kidney diseases. CONCLUSION: CircRNAs play important roles in the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of kidney diseases emphasizing lupus nephritis in nephrology.

13.
J Plant Physiol ; 264: 153487, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358944

RESUMO

AtCYP38, a thylakoid lumen localized immunophilin, is found to be essential for photosystem II assembly and maintenance, but how AtCYP38 functions in chloroplast remains unknown. Based on previous functional studies and its crystal structure, we hypothesize that AtCYP38 should function via binding its targets or cofactors in the thylakoid lumen. To identify potential interacting proteins of AtCYP38, we first adopted ATTED-II and STRING web-tools, and found 12 proteins functionally related to AtCYP38. We then screened a yeast two-hybrid library including an Arabidopsis genome wide cDNA with different domain of AtCYP38, and five thylakoid lumen-localized targets were identified. In order to specifically search interacting proteins of AtCYP38 in the thylakoid lumen, we generated a yeast two-hybrid mini library including the thylakoid lumenal proteins and lumenal fractions of thylakoid membrane proteins, and we obtained six thylakoid membrane proteins and nine thylakoid lumenal proteins as interacting proteins of AtCYP38. The interactions between AtCYP38 and several potential targets were further confirmed via pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation assays. Together, a couple of new potential candidate interacting proteins of AtCYP38 were identified, and the results will lay a foundation for unveiling the regulatory mechanisms in photosynthesis by AtCYP38.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Ciclofilinas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Ciclofilinas/fisiologia , Imunoprecipitação , Complexo de Proteína do Fotossistema II/metabolismo , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido
14.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126939, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449342

RESUMO

Sodium tetraborate pentahydrate (STB) was intercalated into graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets to form a nanocomposite (STB@GO). Subsequently, it was self-assembled on a substrate membrane to prepare STB@GO nanofiltration membrane. The properties of the STB@GO powder samples and the nanofiltration membrane were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), contact angle (CA), and zeta potential. When the STB concentration was 1.0 g/L in the cross-linking reaction, the membrane was described as the STB2@GO membrane and exhibited a large interlayer space (d-spacing = 1.347 nm), high hydrophilicity (CA = 22.2°), and high negative potential (zeta = -18.0 mV). Meanwhile, the pure water flux of the membrane was significantly increased by 56.60% than that of the GO membrane. In addition, the STB2@GO membrane exhibited a favorable capability for dye rejection,98.52% for Evans blue (EB), 99.26% for Victoria blue B (VB), 91.94% for Alizarin yellow (AY), and 93.21% for Neutral red (NR). Furthermore, the STB2@GO membrane performed better in dye separation under various types and concentrations of dye, pH values, and ions in solution. Thus, this study provides a promising method for preparing laminated GO nanofiltration membranes for dye wastewater treatment.

15.
Org Lett ; 23(15): 6164-6168, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292759

RESUMO

A Chan-Lam-type C-S coupling reaction using sodium aryl sulfinates has been developed to provide diaryl thioethers in up to 92% yields in the presence of a copper catalyst and potassium sulfite. Both electron-rich and electron-poor sodium aryl sulfinates and diverse organoboron compounds were tolerated for the synthesis of aryl and heteroaryl thioethers and dithioethers. The mechanistic study suggested that potassium sulfite was involved in the deoxygenation of sulfinate through a radical process.

16.
Neural Comput Appl ; : 1-16, 2021 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219978

RESUMO

Group convolution has been widely used in deep learning community to achieve computation efficiency. In this paper, we develop CondenseNet-elasso to eliminate feature correlation among different convolution groups and alleviate neural network's overfitting problem. It applies exclusive lasso regularization on CondenseNet. The exclusive lasso regularizer encourages different convolution groups to use different subsets of input channels therefore learn more diversified features. Our experiment results on CIFAR10, CIFAR100 and Tiny ImageNet show that CondenseNets-elasso are more efficient than CondenseNets and other DenseNet' variants.

17.
Stat Sci ; 36(2): 264-290, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305305

RESUMO

Deep learning has achieved tremendous success in recent years. In simple words, deep learning uses the composition of many nonlinear functions to model the complex dependency between input features and labels. While neural networks have a long history, recent advances have greatly improved their performance in computer vision, natural language processing, etc. From the statistical and scientific perspective, it is natural to ask: What is deep learning? What are the new characteristics of deep learning, compared with classical methods? What are the theoretical foundations of deep learning? To answer these questions, we introduce common neural network models (e.g., convolutional neural nets, recurrent neural nets, generative adversarial nets) and training techniques (e.g., stochastic gradient descent, dropout, batch normalization) from a statistical point of view. Along the way, we highlight new characteristics of deep learning (including depth and over-parametrization) and explain their practical and theoretical benefits. We also sample recent results on theories of deep learning, many of which are only suggestive. While a complete understanding of deep learning remains elusive, we hope that our perspectives and discussions serve as a stimulus for new statistical research.

18.
Anal Chem ; 93(29): 10160-10166, 2021 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255968

RESUMO

In the past, various chiral isomers accompanied by electroactive units have been distinguished using electrochemical techniques, which can produce electrochemical signals by themselves. However, it is still difficult to use an electrochemical technique to detect nonelectroactive samples. To address this bottleneck, an electroactive chiral polymer (S,S)-p-CVB-Fc that contains one redox-active ferrocene unit was designed and synthesized in this study. The electroactive polymer can give electrochemical signals as an alternative to the tested chiral samples, regardless of whether the isomers have electroactive units. Then, it was fixed on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode as an electrochemical chiral sensor. When nonelectroactive amino acids including proline, threonine, and alanine were examined by the sensor, clear discrimination in the response of peak current could be observed toward l- and d-isomers at pH 6.5. The peak current ratios (IL/ID) for proline and alanine were 1.47 and 1.48, respectively. In contrast, for threonine, the d-isomer exhibited a higher peak current than the l -isomer with a ratio of 2.59. In summary, the results ensure that the current work can enlarge the testing scope of chiral samples in the field of chiral electroanalysis using an electroactive sensor.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Polímeros , Metalocenos , Oxirredução , Estereoisomerismo
19.
J Sep Sci ; 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117714

RESUMO

Ionic chiral selectors have been received much attention in the field of asymmetric catalysis, chiral recognition, and preparative separation. It has been shown that the addition of ionic chiral selectors can enhance the recognition efficiency dramatically due to the presence of multiple intermolecular interactions, including hydrogen bond, π-π interaction, van der Waals force, electrostatic ion-pairing interaction, and ionic-hydrogen bond. In the initial research stage of the ionic chiral selectors, most of work center on the application in chromatographic separation (capillary electrophoresis, high-performance liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography). Differently, more and more attention has been paid on the spectroscopy (nuclear magnetic resonance, fluorescence, ultraviolet and visible absorption spectrum, and circular dichroism spectrum) and electrochemistry in recent years. In this tutorial review as regards the ionic chiral selectors, we discuss in detail the structural features, properties, and their application in chromatography, spectroscopy, and electrochemistry.

20.
Chemosphere ; 284: 131294, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34186221

RESUMO

Blending modification of graphene oxide (GO) and deposition of silver carbonate (Ag2CO3) on the membrane surface by suction filtration was used to prepare polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) composite ultrafiltration (UF) membranes (denoted as PGA membranes). The effect of this strategy on the morphology and performance of the pure PVDF membrane was investigated. Owing to an increased hydrophilicity and the formation of a more open pore, the pollution resistance and permeability of the PGA membrane were improved. The pure water flux of the PGA-3 membrane (254 LMH) was increased to more than 2-fold compared to that of the neat PVDF membrane (126 LMH). In addition, the results of antifouling experiments showed that the flux recovery rate, flux decay rate, and antibacterial performance of the PGA-3 membrane was superior to those of the other membranes synthesized in this study. Finally, after conducting multi-cycle filtration experiments with lake water, the flux and recovery rate of the PGA-3 membrane was observed to be the highest, and the water quality of the lake water filtered by the PGA-3 membrane was the best. Thus, the above results indicate that this membrane modification strategy is extraordinarily effective in improving the antifouling properties and permeability of the PVDF UF membranes in practical applications.


Assuntos
Ultrafiltração , Purificação da Água , Membranas Artificiais , Polivinil
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...