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1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 138: 104556, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36167145

RESUMO

Cephalochordate (Amphioxus), situated at a key phylogenetic position in the phylum Chordata, serves as a model organism for studying the origin and evolution of the vertebrate innate immune. In this study, five members of precursor miR-92 family (miR-92a-1, miR-92a-2, miR-92b, miR-92c and miR-92d) are identified in Branchiostoma belcheri, and their evolutionary conservation and potential molecular functions in innate immunity are analyzed. Among them, miR-92b-5p was validated in HEK293 cells to target the coding region but not classic 3'UTR of IKK (inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase) mRNA, one integral component of MAPK and TLR4 immune signaling. Furthermore, the spatiotemporal expression patterns of miR-92b-5p and IKK were examined in different tissues or different time points (2 h, 4 h, 8 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h) post LPS stimulation at RNA and protein level in vivo. The seemingly inverse expression pattern between miR-92b-5p and IKK supports the involvement of miR-92b-5p in Branchiostoma belcheri innate immune response. In conclusion, our work not only illustrates the evolutionary pattern of Branchiostoma belcheri miR-92 family across chordates, but also reveals that miR-92b-5p could target IKK expression to regulate innate immune response.


Assuntos
Anfioxos , MicroRNAs , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Animais , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Quinase I-kappa B/genética , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Imunidade Inata/genética , Lipopolissacarídeos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Filogenia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 441: 129853, 2023 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084459

RESUMO

Sensitive, on-site and multiple detection of mycotoxins is a vital early-warning tool to minimize food losses and protect human health and the environment. Although paper-based lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) has been extensively applied in mycotoxins monitoring, low-cost, portable, ultrasensitive and quantitative detection is still a formidable challenge. Herein, a series of Fe-N-C single-atom nanozymes (SAzymes) were synthesized and systematic characterized. The optimal Fe-N-C SAzyme with highly efficient catalytic performance was successfully used as both label and catalyst in lateral flow immunoassays for mycotoxin detection. By taking advantage of the catalytic amplified system, the qualitative and quantitative detection can be easily and flexibly done via observing the test lines by naked eyes or a smartphone, with the limit of detections (LODs) of 2.8 and 13.9 pg mL-1 for AFB1 and FB1, which were respectively over 700- and 71,000-fold lower than the maximum limit set by the European Union. Besides, underlying catalytic mechanisms and the active sites of the Fe-N-C SAzyme are also investigated by DFT simulation. This work not only provides a promising detection strategy for the application of advanced SAzymes but also offers experimental and theoretical guidelines to understand the active centers of Fe-N-C SAzymes and the catalytic process.


Assuntos
Micotoxinas , Catálise , Humanos , Imunoensaio , Limite de Detecção , Micotoxinas/análise
3.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(11): e2239788, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322088

RESUMO

Importance: Understanding the detailed symptom spectrum of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) could facilitate shared decision-making and promote early intervention. Objective: To compare the symptom spectrum of patient-reported CIPN associated with nab-paclitaxel, paclitaxel, and docetaxel treatments among patients with breast cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study was conducted at 9 medical centers across China from 2019 to 2021. Participants included hospitalized women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer, assessed with overlap propensity score weighting. Data were analyzed from from December 2021 to May 2022. Exposures: Treatment with nab-paclitaxel-, paclitaxel-, or docetaxel-based regimens. Main Outcomes and Measures: Patient-reported CIPN on the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire: CIPN 20-item instruments, consisting of sensory, motor, and autonomic scales. Multiple regression models were adjusted for baseline patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics. Results: Of 1234 participants, the mean (SD) age was 50.9 (10.4) years, and 295 patients (23.9%) received nab-paclitaxel, 514 patients (41.7%) received paclitaxel, and 425 patients (34.4%) received docetaxel. The nab-paclitaxel group mostly reported numbness in hands or feet related to sensory symptoms (83 patients [81.4%]), while the paclitaxel and docetaxel groups reported mainly motor (eg, weakness in legs: 60 patients [47.2%] in the paclitaxel group; 52 patients [44.4%] in the docetaxel group) and autonomic (eg, blurred vision: 58 patients [45.7%] in the paclitaxel group; 51 patients [43.6%] in the docetaxel group) symptoms. Patients reported motor symptoms earlier than sensory abnormalities, with a median of 0.4 (95% CI, 0.4-2.3) weeks in the nab-paclitaxel group, 2.7 (95% CI, 1.7-3.4) weeks in the paclitaxel group, and 5.6 (95% CI, 3.1-6.1) weeks in the docetaxel group. After overlap propensity score weighting and compared with the nab-paclitaxel group, the risks of patient-reported CIPN were lower in the paclitaxel (hazard ratio [HR], 0.59 [95% CI, 0.41-0.87]; P = .008) and the docetaxel (HR, 0.65 [95% CI, 0.45-0.94]; P = .02) groups. Similarly, patients who received paclitaxel (HR, 0.44 [95% CI, 0.30-0.64]; P < .001) or docetaxel (HR, 0.52 [95% CI, 0.36-0.75]; P < .001) reported less sensory discomfort compared with those who received nab-paclitaxel. However, the risk of patients in the paclitaxel or docetaxel groups reporting motor (paclitaxel: HR, 0.76 [95% CI, 0.52-1.11]; P = .15; docetaxel: HR, 0.69 [95% CI, 0.47-1.01]; P = .05) and/or autonomic (paclitaxel: HR, 1.00 [95% CI, 0.68-1.49]; P = .98; docetaxel: HR, 0.88 [95% CI, 0.59-1.30]; P = .52) symptoms was not lower than that in the nab-paclitaxel group. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study of women with invasive breast cancer, nab-paclitaxel was associated with more severe CIPN than either paclitaxel or docetaxel. In addition to sensory symptoms, the risk of motor and autonomic abnormalities was not low among these 3 taxanes, and patients-reported motor symptoms even earlier than sensory symptoms. These findings may facilitate early detection and intervention for CIPN in taxane treatments for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias da Mama , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Docetaxel/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Taxoides/efeitos adversos , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/epidemiologia , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente
4.
J Cardiovasc Dev Dis ; 9(11)2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inheritable arrhythmia syndrome that can lead to sudden cardiac death in patients while the heart structure is normal. However, the genetic background of more than 65% of BrS probands remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to report the variant spectrum in a Chinese cohort with suspected BrS and to analyze their distinct clinical and electrocardiographic features. METHODS: Patients with suspected BrS from Tongji Hospital between 2008 and 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 79 probands were included in this study. Patients with type 1 BrS electrocardiogram (ECG) had a prolonged QRS duration compared to patients with type 2/3 BrS ECG. Of them, 59 probands underwent genetic testing. Twenty-five patients (42.37%) showed abnormal genetic testing results, and eight of them (13.56%) carried pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) mutations. Mutation carriers presented much more prominent depolarization and repolarization abnormalities than non-carriers, including a prolonged P-wave duration, QRS duration, QTc interval, decreased QRS amplitude, and deviation of the electrocardiographic axes (T-wave axis and R-wave axis). Furthermore, our study identified four novel P/LP mutations: Q3508X in TTN, A990G in KCNH2, G1220E, and D372H (in a representative pedigree) in SCN5A. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed the variant spectrum of a suspected Chinese BrS cohort, and we identified four novel P/LP mutations in TTN, KCNH2, and SCN5A.

5.
Microb Pathog ; : 105876, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379370

RESUMO

Enterobacter hormaechei is an opportunistic pathogen and is found in a large variety of food including animal-derived food. In recent years, bacteria present a severe clinical challenge due to their increasing resistance to antibiotics. Bacteriophages have gained attention as a new antibacterial strategy. In this study, we isolated a novel E. hormaechei bacteriophage IME278 from hospital sewage in Beijing, China. Bacteriophage IME278 had a double-stranded linear DNA genome with 40,164 bp and 51.99% GC content. Whole-genome alignments showed IME278 shared 87% homology with other phages in the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database. And phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that IME278 was highly similar to bacteriophages belonging to the genus Kayfunavirus, family Autographiviridae, indicating IME278 can be classified as a new member of the Autographiviridae family. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that IME278 had an icosahedral head 51.72 nm in diameter and a tail 151.28 nm in length. Bacteriophage IME278 was able to survive under high temperature (50 °C-70 °C) and its activity decreased significantly above 70 °C and almost completely inactivated at 80 °C. Bacteriophage IME278 could survive in a wide pH range (4.0-11.0) and it was stable in chloroform (up to 5%). The phage was sensitive to UV irradiation. Bacteriophage IME278 had a latent period of 40 min and reached a plateau stage at 150 min and its cleavage was approximately 8.21 × 108/3.66 × 108 = 2.24. The biocontrol potential of bacteriophage IME278 was evaluated in a model that artificially contaminated pork with E. hormaechei 529 and the result revealed that IME278 could effectively control bacterial contamination on pork. The in-depth analysis of the biological characteristics, whole genome sequencing, and bioinformatics of IME278 has laid the foundation for the biocontrol application and the treatment of bacteria using bacteriophages.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382691

RESUMO

It is crucial but challenging to promote sluggish kinetics of oxygen evolution reaction (OER) for water splitting via finely tuning the hierarchical nanoarchitecture and electronic structure of the catalyst. To address such issues, herein we present iron-doped Ni3Se4/NiSe2 heterostructure-embedded metal-organic framework-derived mesoporous tubes (Ni-MOF-Fe-Se-400) realized by an interfacial engineering strategy. Due to the hierarchical nanoarchitecture of conductive two-dimensional nanosheet-constructed MOF-derived mesoporous tubes, coupled with fine tuning of the electronic structure via Fe-doping and interactions between Ni3Se4/NiSe2 heterostructures, the Ni-MOF-Fe-Se-400 catalyst delivers superior OER activity: it requires only a low overpotential of 242 mV to achieve 10 mA cm-2 (Ej=10), surpassing the benchmark RuO2 (Ej=10 = 286 mV) and displays exceptional durability in the chronoamperometric i-t test with a small current decay (6.2%) after 72 h. Furthermore, the water splitting system comprises a Ni-MOF-Fe-Se-400 anode and a Pt/C cathode requires a low cell voltage of 1.576 V to achieve Ej=10 with an excellent Faradic efficiency (∼100%), outperforming the RuO2-Pt/C combination. This work presents a novel interfacial engineering strategy to finely adjust the morphology and electronic structure of the non-noble metal-based OER catalyst via a facile fabrication method.

7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1019925, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36276123

RESUMO

Background: Although achieving pathological complete response (pCR) and near-pathological complete response (near-pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in breast cancer predicts a better outcome, some patients still experience recurrence. The aim of our study was to investigate the predictive factors of recurrence in the pCR and near-pCR population. Methods: We reviewed 1,209 breast cancer patients treated with NAC between January 2010 and April 2021 in the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CHCAMS). A total of 292 patients achieving pCR and near-pCR were included in our analysis. pCR was defined as ypT0N0/ypTisN0. Near-pCR was defined as ypT1mi/1a/1bN0 or ypT0/isN1mi. Clinical features and follow-up information were collected. Survival and predictive factors of recurrence were analyzed. Results: Of the 292 patients, 173 were pCR and 119 were near-pCR. The median age was 46 years (range, 23-75 years). The predominant tumor subtypes were human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer (49.0%) and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) (30.8%). The median duration of follow-up was 53 months (range, 9-138 months). A total of 25 (8.6%) patients developed recurrence, with 9 (5.2%) in the pCR group and 16 (13.4%) in the near-pCR group. The vast majority of recurrence occurred within 36 months from onset of NAC. The 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate of patients achieving pCR was significantly higher than that of patients achieving near-pCR (94.6% vs. 85.6%, p = 0.008). However, the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate between the two cohorts had no statistical difference (94.3% vs. 89.6%, p = 0.304). Clinical N3 (cN3) before NAC was an independent risk factor of recurrence in patients who achieved pCR (p = 0.003) and near-pCR (p = 0.036). Tumor size before NAC, subtypes of breast cancer, and chemotherapy regimens showed no significant association with RFS both for patients who achieved pCR and for those who achieved near-pCR (p > 0.05). Conclusions: cN3 before NAC was an independent risk factor of recurrence in patients who achieved pCR and near-pCR. It is worthwhile to closely monitor patients with cN3, especially in the first 3 years.

8.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2022 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308719

RESUMO

Plant cells contain only small amounts of mitochondrial DNA, with the genomic information shared among multiple mitochondria. The biological relevance and molecular mechanism underlying this hallmark of plant cells has been unclear. Here, we report that Arabidopsis thaliana plants exhibited significantly reduced growth and mitochondrial dysfunction when the mitochondrial DNA copy number was increased to the degree that each mitochondrion possessed DNA. The amounts of mitochondrion-encoded transcripts increased several fold in the presence of elevated mitochondrial DNA levels. However, the efficiency of RNA editing decreased with this excess of mitochondrion-encoded transcripts, resulting in impaired assembly of mitochondrial complexes containing mitochondrial DNA-encoded subunits, such as respiratory complexes I and IV. These observations indicate the occurrence of nuclear-mitochondrial incompatibility in the cells with increased amounts of mitochondrial DNA and provide an initial answer to the fundamental question of why plant cells have much lower mitochondrial DNA levels than animal cells. We propose that keeping mitochondrial DNA levels low moderates nuclear-mitochondrial incompatibility and that this may be a crucial factor driving plant cells to restrict the copy numbers of mitochondrial DNA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
Pain Res Manag ; 2022: 8331439, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36213180

RESUMO

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a clinical disease mainly characterized as a syndrome of abdominal pain and discomfort, which frequently occurs in humans aged 20-50. Abdomen massage is of great medical significance for the health of the human body, including promoting intestinal peristalsis, relieving constipation, and facilitating weight loss. However, its potential benefits in alleviating IBS and the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Methods: In this study, we established an IBS model in rats to evaluate the effects of abdomen massage. Forty male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned into 4 groups: the normal (control) group, IBS group, abdominal massage group, and abdominal massage + ketotifen treatment group (n = 10 rats in each group). Abdominal massage was performed once a day for 5 minutes for 14 days. On day 14, the rats were euthanized and the tissues were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), immunohistochemistry or immunofluorescence staining, and laser confocal focus to visualize the micromorphology of the intestinal mucosa. The expression of TRPV1 and the release of trypase were determined by RT-qPCR and western blot. Results: We found that compared with the control group, the mast cells in the IBS group were significantly increased and the increased MC was partially decreased by an abdominal massage with or without ketotifen treatment. We also found that TRPV1 was upregulated in the IBS group. Abdominal massage with or without ketotifen treatment could attenuate the upregulation of TRPV1 in IBS. Mechanically, results of IHC and western Blot suggested that abdominal massage reduces the sensitivity of IBS by regulating the trypase-PAR2-PKCε pathway. Conclusion: Overall, our results suggested that abdominal massage produces a beneficial effect in improving the symptoms of IBS through reducing mast cell recruitment and attenuating the trypase-PAR2-PKCε pathway. Ketotifen could promote the effect of abdominal massage on IBS treatment, which can serve as a potential therapeutic strategy for IBS.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Animais , Humanos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/terapia , Cetotifeno/metabolismo , Cetotifeno/farmacologia , Cetotifeno/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Massagem , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase C-épsilon/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 5453097, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36200079

RESUMO

Before entrepreneurial behavior occurs, individual personality traits have a very important impact on the formation of entrepreneurial willingness. The purpose of this research is to explore the entrepreneurial intention, practice, and management path of college graduates in a green development environment. In this study, three dimensions of green entrepreneurial traits (risk propensity, ecological values, and social responsibility) and three dimensions of green entrepreneurial motivation (fame and fortune motive, spiritual motive and responsibility motive, and green entrepreneurial intention) are determined, and a questionnaire is compiled. Then, the questionnaire survey data of college graduates is collected, and a structural equation model is constructed. The influence of risk tendency, ecological values, and social responsibility on green entrepreneurship motivation is studied in turn, and the influence of fame and fortune motive, spiritual motive, and responsibility motive on green entrepreneurship willingness is explored. Finally, the mediating role of the three dimensions of green entrepreneurial motivation in the influence of green entrepreneurial traits on green entrepreneurial willingness is tested. The study finds that the average score of families with entrepreneurial experience was 4.0526. The average score of families without entrepreneurial experience was 3.6463, and the significance index was at the level of 0.001. The same results as previous scholars have appeared, that is, students with entrepreneurial family background have stronger (green) entrepreneurial willingness. Green entrepreneurship creates green value through green products or services, drives green consumption, leads green values, and contributes to the sustainable development of society and ecology.


Assuntos
Empreendedorismo , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Humanos , Intenção , Motivação , Universidades
11.
ACS Omega ; 7(40): 35970-35980, 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36249404

RESUMO

Due to the controlled-delivery function of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for gases, drugs, and pesticides, iron-based MOFs (Fe-MOFs) were explored in the laboratory as a novel fertilizer, which showed potential for use in the fertilizer industry; the challenge in the industrial scale application of Fe-MOFs in practical crop production was mainly the impact of scaling-up to energy and heat transfer, as well as the reaction yield. In this study, Fe-MOFs were hydrothermally synthesized both in the laboratory scale and in the pilot scale, their structure and components were characterized using various spectroscopic techniques, and then their nutrient release and degradation behaviors were investigated. The results showed that Fe-MOFs were successfully synthesized in both scales with similar yields around 27%, and the Fe-MOFs showed a similar structure with the molecular formula of C2H15Fe2N2O18P3. The nutrients N, P, and Fe were present in the Fe-MOFs with the average contents of 6.03, 14.48, and 14.69%, respectively. Importantly, the nutrient release rate and pattern of Fe-MOFs well matched with the crop growth, which greatly promoted the rice yield. Therefore, the environmentally friendly compounds of Fe-MOFs could be industrially produced and used as an innovative fertilizer with unique features of varied nutrients and controlled release.

12.
J Clin Med ; 11(19)2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36233674

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the effect of lymph node parameters on postoperative hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC) and to establish a nomogram to predict its prognosis and assist in adjuvant chemotherapy decisions. A retrospective analysis of postoperative HSCC in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (2004-2019) was performed. Cutoff points for continuous variables were determined by X-tile software. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors on overall survival (OS), and these variables were used to construct a nomogram. The nomogram's accuracy was internally validated using concordance index, area under the curve, calibration plot, and decision curve analyses. Furthermore, the value of chemotherapy in each risk subgroup was assessed separately based on individualized scores from the nomogram. In total, 404 patients were eligible for analysis, and the median OS was 39 months. Age, origin, primary site, T stage, number of lymph nodes examined, lymph node ratio, and radiotherapy were identified as prognostic factors for OS and incorporated into the nomogram. In both the training and validation cohorts, favorable performance was exhibited compared with the other stage systems, and patients could be classified into low-, intermediate-, and high-risk subgroups. Chemotherapy significantly improved the OS in the high-risk subgroup, whereas chemotherapy did not confer a survival benefit in the low- or intermediate-risk groups. The lymph node parameter-based nomogram model can better stratify the prognosis of HSCC patients and screen out patients who would benefit from chemotherapy, suggesting that the model could be used as a reference for clinical decision making and to avoid overtreatment.

13.
Small ; : e2205033, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36285776

RESUMO

Transition metal-nitrogen-carbon (TM-N-C) catalysts have been intensely investigated to tackle the sluggish oxygen reduction reactions (ORRs), but insufficient accessibility of the active sites limits their performance. Here, by using solid ZIF-L nanorods as self-sacrifice templates, a ZIF-phase-transition strategy is developed to fabricate ZIF-8 hollow nanorods with open cavities, which can be subsequently converted to atomically dispersed Fe-N-C hollow nanorods (denoted as Fe1 -N-C HNRs) through rational carbonization and following fixation of iron atoms. The microstructure observation and X-ray absorption fine structure analysis confirm abundant Fe-N4 active sites are evenly distributed in the carbon skeleton. Thanks to the highly accessible Fe-N4 active sites provided by the highly porous and open carbon hollow architecture, the Fe1 -N-C HNRs exhibit superior ORR activity and stability in alkaline and acidic electrolytes with very positive half-wave potentials of 0.91 and 0.8 V versus RHE, respectively, both of which surpass those of commercial Pt/C. Remarkably, the dynamic current density (JK ) of Fe1 -N-C HNRs at 0.85 V versus RHE in alkaline media delivers a record value of 148 mA cm-2 , 21 times higher than that of Pt/C. The assembled Zn-air battery using Fe1 -N-C HNRs as cathode catalyst exhibits a high peak power density of 208 mW cm-2 .

14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 223(Pt A): 173-183, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36306918

RESUMO

As a common macromolecular carbohydrate, pectin has a strong affinity for Pb2+. An ethylenediamine modified pectin (EP48) with 48 % of amidation was prepared and exhibited great removal efficiency towards Pb2+ in our previous study. However, the EP48 has drawbacks in adsorption including low mechanical strength and difficulty in separation. In this study, EP48 was compounded with sodium alginate (Alg) and Fe3O4 to synthesize EP48/Alg/Fe3O4 microsphere. The physicochemical properties and Pb2+ adsorption characteristics of microsphere were analyzed. It was found that the microsphere exhibited good thermal stability, mechanical strength, porous structure, as well as acid tolerance. The pseudo-second-order model well described the kinetics of adsorption process, indicating the chemical adsorption is dominant. The Langmuir model fitted the experimental data well, and the maximum adsorption capacity reached 175.19 mg/g. Adsorption-desorption experiments showed that the removal rate of the microsphere maintained over 98.9 % after 10 cycles. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses revealed that the potential adsorption mechanism included ion-exchange and chelation. The above results suggested its potential use for the removal of Pb2+ from wastewater.

15.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 1004178, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36211576

RESUMO

Background: Patients with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ApHCM) have marked inverted T-waves that vary over several years. Inverted T-waves in ApHCM are unstable, but it is unclear whether this change is due to coronary artery disease (CAD) or if it is a characteristic of ApHCM itself. We aimed to study the characteristics of inverted T-waves in patients with ApHCM over the course of 24 h to improve the diagnostic indices of ApHCM. Methods: We examined 83 patients with ApHCM and 89 patients with CAD (who served as the control group). All patients underwent a 24-h dynamic electrocardiogram (ECG). We analyzed the average depth of inverted T-waves per minute and sorted them from shallow to deep; the sorted ECG segments at the 10th, 50th, and 90th positions of the T-wave were subsequently analyzed. Results: The amplitudes of inverted T-waves in ApHCM corresponding to the 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles were -5.13 ± 4.11, -8.10 ± 4.55, and -10.9 ± 5.04 mm, respectively. Changes in the degree of inverted T-waves were greater in ApHCM than in CAD. T-wave amplitudes in ApHCM were strongly associated with heart rate and circadian rhythm and only weakly associated with CAD and posture. Maximum T-wave amplitudes in the CAD group were <10 mm, while 68% of patients with ApHCM had maximum T-wave amplitudes >10 mm, and all patients with ApHCM aged <50 years had maximum T-wave amplitudes >10 mm. Conclusion: Notable variations in the T-waves of patients with ApHCM were observed over 24 h. ECG examinations during states of inactivity (comparable to sleep) improved the sensitivity of the diagnosis of ApHCM. Inverted T-wave amplitudes correlated with heart rate and circadian rhythm, where T-wave changes in ApHCM may be due to the normalization of abnormal T-waves effect. Identifying T-wave amplitudes >10 mm can effectively improve the diagnostic rate of ApHCM, especially in patients aged <50 years. The short-term change in T-waves in patients with ApHCM could serve as a novel index that will help in the diagnosis of ApHCM.

16.
Chin J Cancer Res ; 34(4): 343-352, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36199538

RESUMO

Objective: The mechanism of acquired gene mutation plays a major role in resistance to endocrine therapy in hormone receptor (HR)-positive advanced breast cancer. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) has been allowed for the assessment of the genomic profiles of patients with advanced cancer. We performed this study to search for molecular markers of endocrine therapy efficacy and to explore the clinical value of ctDNA to guide precise endocrine therapy for HR-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2)-negative metastatic breast cancer patients. Methods: In this open-label, multicohort, prospective study, patients were assigned to four parallel cohorts and matched according to mutations identified in ctDNA: 1) activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway preferred mTOR inhibitor combined with endocrine therapy; 2) estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) mutation preferred fulvestrant; 3) HER-2 mutations preferred pyrotinib; and 4) no actionable mutations received treatment according to the clinical situation. In all cohorts, patients were divided into compliance group and violation group. The primary outcome measure was progression-free survival (PFS), and the secondary outcome measure was overall survival (OS). Results: In all cohorts, the combined median PFS was 4.9 months, and median PFS for the compliance and violation groups was 6.0 and 3.0 months, respectively [P=0.022, hazard ratio (HR)=0.57]. Multivariate Cox regression model showed the risk of disease progression was lower in compliance group than in violation group (P=0.023, HR=0.55). Among the patients with HER-2 mutations, the median PFS was 11.1 months in the compliance group and 2.2 months in the violation group (P=0.011, HR=0.20). There was no significant difference in the median PFS between patients who did and did not comply with the treatment protocol in patients with activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR or ESR1 mutation. Conclusions: The results suggest that ctDNA may help to guide the optimal endocrine therapy strategy for metastatic breast cancer patients and to achieve a better PFS. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) detection could aid in distinguishing patients with HER-2 mutation and developing new treatment strategies.

17.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 18(5): 1338-1345, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204881

RESUMO

Context: Drug resistance in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) is connected with autophagy activation. Accumulating data demonstrates the critical role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) dysregulation in this development. Aim: To explore the possible function of hsa_circ_0092306 (circ-CCS) in GIST imatinib resistance. Materials and Methods: Quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to determine the expression levels of circ-CCS and miR-197-3p. The vitality and apoptosis of cells were determined using the Cell Counting Kit-8 and TUNEL assays, respectively. Western blot analysis was used to evaluate the relative protein expression. A dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to validate the link between circ-CCS, miR-197-3p, and ATG10. Statistical Analysis Used: Comparisons of two groups were analyzed using Student's t tests, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Tukey's post hoc test was used to compare three or more groups. Results: Circulating-CCS expression was considerably increased in the serum of imatinib-resistant GIST patients (P < 0.001). Circulating-CCS deficiency decreased cell proliferation and autophagy in GIST-882 and GIST-T1 cells, but promoted apoptosis (P < 0.05). Additionally, circ-CCS was predominantly found in the cytoplasm. Mechanically, circ-CCS targeted miR-197-3p, which may influence autophagy by downregulating ATG10, in order to modulate GIST cells' malignant tendencies. Moreover, silencing miR-197-3p reversed the effect of circ-CCS knockdown on apoptosis and autophagy in GIST cells. Conclusions: By modulating the miR-197-3p/ATG10 axis, circ-CCS increased imatinib resistance in GIST cells, establishing a potential target for reversing medication resistance in such patients.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , MicroRNAs , Apoptose/genética , Autofagia/genética , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/genética , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacologia , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular
18.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(19)2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36230471

RESUMO

An elevated serum HER2 extracellular domain is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer, but the relationship between sHER2 and the efficacy of different modalities remains controversial. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of serum HER2 extracellular domain (sHER2 ECD) in breast cancer and to identify its correlation with the efficacy of different treatment regimens. A systematic search of the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Scopus databases was conducted to identify studies exploring the association between HER2 ECD level and clinical outcomes among patients with breast cancer. Using the random effects models, pooled hazard ratios (HRs), and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI), were calculated for progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and the objective response rate (ORR). Heterogeneity was further evaluated by subgroup and sensitivity analysis. Overall, 40 studies comprising 12,229 patients were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. Elevated HER2 ECD levels were associated with worse PFS (HR 1.74, 95% CI 1.40-2.17; p < 0.001), and this effect was observed in patients treated with chemotherapy (HR 1.81, 95% CI 1.37-2.39; p < 0.001), endocrine therapy (HR 1.91, 95% CI 1.57-2.32; p < 0.001), and trastuzumab (HR 1.74, 95% CI 1.31-2.30; p < 0.001). However, this association was not present in patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) (HR 1.44, 95% CI 0.85-2.43, p = 0.17). The HRs/ORs for an elevated HER2 ECD level for DFS, OS, and ORR were 2.73 (95% CI 2.17-3.42; p < 0.001), 2.13 (95% CI 1.77-2.57; p < 0.001), and 0.80 (95% CI 0.49-1.31; p = 0.381), respectively. An elevated sHER2 ECD was an unfavorable prognostic factor in breast cancer but did not affect the efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as lapatinib. Detection of sHER2 ECD may be helpful for clinicians selecting the appropriate anti-HER2 therapy for patients with HER2-positive breast cancer.

19.
Curr Alzheimer Res ; 2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36214304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent findings suggest that both dietary protein intake and hand grip strength (HGS) were associated with cognitive function, however, few studies have been devoted specifically to the mediation effect of HGS on the association of dietary protein with cognitive function. OBJECTIVES: To confirm the hypothesis that HGS mediated the association of dietary protein intake with cognitive function in the elderly, which was modified by triglyceride level and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 3,268 participants. Dietary protein intake, HGS, and cognitive function were collected by food frequency questionnaires (FFQ), grip measurements and mini mental state examination (MMSE), respectively. In this mediation analysis, dietary protein intake was entered as independent variable, HGS was entered as mediator, and cognitive function was entered as dependent variable. RESULTS: HGS significantly mediated the associations of dietary protein (ß = 0.0013, 95% CI: 0.0007, 0.0022), animal protein (ß = 0.0024, 95% CI: 0.0012, 0.0037), and plant protein intake (ß = 0.0011, 95% CI: 0.0001, 0.0023) with cognitive function in total participants, with the mediated proportion of 16.19%, 12.45% and 20.57%, respectively. Furthermore, significant mediation effects of HGS on the associations of dietary protein, animal protein, and plant protein intake with MMSE score were found in the elderly without hypertriglyceridemia or in MTHFR C677T CC/CT carriers. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that HGS mediated the association of dietary protein intake with cognitive function, and this mediation effect was modified by triglyceride level and MTHFR C677T gene status.

20.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt A): 134552, 2022 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36272299

RESUMO

Immunochromatographic methods are acknowledged analytic assay to analyze capsaicinoids. Immunomagnetic solid-phase extraction (IMSPE) coupled with time-resolved fluorescence immunochromatographic assay (TRFICA) was proposed to quantify capsaicinoids in oil samples. Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) were synthesized with CNBr-Magnetic Crystarose 4B particles (CNBr-MCPs) under mild condition. The resultant CNBr-MCPs@mAb were conjugated high affinity mAbs on its surface, which was utilized to extract capsaicinoids from lipid matrices via antibodies-antigens capture. Under the optimized conditions, the whole IMSPE procedure was achieved within 15 min, and quantified by TRFICA strips. The results showed coefficients up to 0.9975 and the visual detection limit as low as 0.6 µg kg-1. The recoveries were ranging from 88.3 % to 112.4 % with the intra-day and inter-day precision lower than 11.6 %. Finally, the proposed IMSPE-TRFICA method was successfully used to detect capsaicinoids in lipid matrices, which has great utility to quantify capsaicinoids and adulteration detect vegetable oils.

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