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1.
Eur Radiol ; 31(1): 411-422, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749583

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct a MRI radiomics model and help radiologists to improve the assessments of pelvic lymph node metastasis (PLNM) in endometrial cancer (EC) preoperatively. METHODS: During January 2014 and May 2019, 622 EC patients (age 56.6 ± 8.8 years; range 27-85 years) from five different centers (A to E) were divided into training set, validation set 1 (351 cases from center A), and validation set 2 (271 cases from centers B-E). The radiomics features were extracted basing on T2WI, DWI, ADC, and CE-T1WI images, and most related radiomics features were selected using the random forest classifier to build a radiomics model. The ROC curve was used to evaluate the performance of training set and validation sets, radiologists based on MRI findings alone, and with the aid of the radiomics model. The clinical decisive curve (CDC), net reclassification index (NRI), and total integrated discrimination index (IDI) were used to assess the clinical benefit of using the radiomics model. RESULTS: The AUC values were 0.935 for the training set, 0.909 and 0.885 for validation sets 1 and 2, 0.623 and 0.643 for the radiologists 1 and 2 alone, and 0.814 and 0.842 for the radiomics-aided radiologists 1 and 2, respectively. The AUC, CDC, NRI, and IDI showed higher diagnostic performance and clinical net benefits for the radiomics-aided radiologists than for the radiologists alone. CONCLUSIONS: The MRI-based radiomics model could be used to assess the status of pelvic lymph node and help radiologists improve their performance in predicting PLNM in EC. KEY POINTS: • A total of 358 radiomics features were extracted. The 37 most important features were selected using the random forest classifier. • The reclassification measures of discrimination confirmed that the radiomics-aided radiologists performed better than the radiologists alone, with an NRI of 1.26 and an IDI of 0.21 for radiologist 1 and an NRI of 1.37 and an IDI of 0.24 for radiologist 2.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Linfonodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiologistas , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Acad Radiol ; 28(3): e77-e85, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061467

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis of primary advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) to predict patient response to platinum-based chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 70 patients with 102 advanced stage HGSOCs (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages III-IV) who received standard treatment of primary debulking surgery followed by the first line of platinum-based chemotherapy were retrospectively enrolled. Patients were grouped as platinum-resistant and platinum-sensitive according to whether relapse occurred within 6 months. Clinical characteristics, including age, pretherapy CA125 level, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, residual tumor, and histogram parameters derived from whole tumor and solid component such as ADCmean; 10th, 20th, 25th, 30th, 40th, 50th, 60th, 70th, 75th, 80th, 90th percentiles; skewness and kurtosis, were compared between platinum-resistant and platinum-sensitive groups. RESULTS: No significantly different clinical characteristics were observed between platinum-sensitive and platinum-resistant patients. There were no significant differences in any whole-tumor histogram-derived parameters between the two groups. Significantly higher ADCmean and percentiles and significantly lower skewness and kurtosis from the solid-component histogram parameters were observed in the platinum-sensitive group when compared with the platinum-resistant group. ADCmean, skewness and kurtosis showed moderate prediction performances, with areas under the curve of 0.667, 0.733 and 0.616, respectively. Skewness was an independent risk factor for platinum resistance. CONCLUSION: Pretreatment ADC histogram analysis of primary tumors has the potential to allow prediction of response to platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced HGSOC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas , Platina , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 52(6): 1872-1882, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High- and low-risk endometrial cancer (EC) differ in whether lymphadenectomy is performed. Assessment of high-risk EC is essential for planning surgery appropriately. PURPOSE: To develop a radiomics nomogram for high-risk EC prediction preoperatively. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: In all, 717 histopathologically confirmed EC patients (mean age, 56 years ± 9) divided into a primary group (394 patients from Center A), validation groups 1 and 2 (146 patients from Center B and 177 patients from Centers C-E). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 1.5/3T scanners; T2 -weighted imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging, apparent diffusion coefficient, and contrast enhancement sequences. ASSESSMENT: A radiomics nomogram was generated by combining the selected radiomics features and clinical parameters (metabolic syndrome, cancer antigen 125, age, tumor grade following curettage, and tumor size). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operator characteristic was used to evaluate the predictive performance of the radiomics nomogram for high-risk EC. The surgical procedure suggested by the nomogram was compared with the actual procedure performed for the patients. Net benefit of the radiomics nomogram was evaluated by a clinical decision curve (CDC), net reclassification index (NRI), and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI). STATISTICAL TESTS: Binary least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression, linear regression, and multivariate binary logistic regression were used to select radiomics features and clinical parameters. RESULTS: The AUC for prediction of high-risk EC for the radiomics nomogram in the primary group, validation groups 1 and 2 were 0.896 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.866-0.926), 0.877 (95% CI: 0.825-0.930), and 0.919 (95% CI: 0.879-0.960), respectively. The nomogram achieved good net benefit by CDC analysis for high-risk EC. NRIs were 1.17, 1.28, and 1.51, and IDIs were 0.41, 0.60, and 0.61 in the primary group, validation groups 1 and 2, respectively. DATA CONCLUSION: The radiomics nomogram exhibited good performance in the individual prediction of high-risk EC, and might be used for surgical management of EC. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 2 J. MAGN. RESON. IMAGING 2020;52:1872-1882.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Nomogramas , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Eur J Radiol ; 118: 44-50, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439257

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic performance of normalized apparent diffusion coefficients (nADCs) of different references with that of ADCs at differentb factors in differentiating borderline epithelial ovarian tumors (BEOTs) from malignant epithelial ovarian tumors (MEOTs). METHOD: This retrospective study included 53 BEOTs and 148 MEOTs. Conventional magnetic resonance and diffusion-weighted imaging withb factors of 800 and 1000s/mm2 were performed. ADC was measured three times at solid components of tumors, gluteus maximus muscle (GMM), iliopsoas muscle (IM) and urine and then averaged. ADCtumor, nADCs were then obtained. Differences and the diagnostic performance of ADCtumor and nADCs between BEOTs and MEOTs with different b factors were compared. RESULTS: ADCtumor, nADCs regardless of b factors were significantly higher in BEOTs than MEOTs. The diagnostic performance of nADCurine regardless of b factors was significantly larger than that of nADCGMM and nADCIM. There was no significant difference in the diagnostic performance between ADCtumor and nADCurine regardless of b factors. A significantly lower ADCtumor and a larger diagnostic performance for ADCtumor was found with a b factor of 1000s/mm2 than 800 s/mm2. There were no significant differences in nADCurine of BEOTs or MEOTs or in the diagnostic performance of nADCurine with b factors between 800 and 1000s/mm2. CONCLUSIONS: ADCtumor and nADCs were both capable of differentiating BEOTs from MEOTs. nADCurine was the best of all nADCs and was superior to ADCtumor because of its stable performance in differentiating BEOTs from MEOTs, regardless of b factors.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ovário/diagnóstico por imagem , Ovário/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 49(6): 1684-1693, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30353967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the overlapping imaging appearances between borderline and malignant epithelial ovarian tumors (EOTs), borderline EOTs often represent a diagnostic challenge on conventional MRI. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H-MRS) might have potential to differentiate borderline from malignant tumors. PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of 1 H-MRS to differentiate borderline from malignant EOTs. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION: In all, 278 patients with adnexal masses. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 1.5 T Siemens Avanto MRI system and 1 H-MRS using a point-resolved spectroscopy sequence (PRESS). ASSESSMENT: Resonance peak integrals of the most common metabolites were analyzed and compared between the two groups. STATISTICAL TESTS: The ratios of metabolites between borderline and malignant EOTs were compared with the Mann-Whitney U-test. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine their differential diagnosis performances. RESULTS: In the solid components of borderline and malignant EOTs, the mean Cho/Cr, NAA/Cr, and NAA/Cho ratios were 4.4 ± 1.1 and 9.9 ± 2.8; 10.4 ± 3.0 and 2.2 ± 1.0; and 2.4 ± 0.7 and 0.3 ± 0.1, respectively (all P < 0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) were 91%, 100%, and 0.98 for the Cho/Cr ratio; 100%, 98%, and 0.99 for the NAA/Cr ratio; and 100%, 100%, and 1.00 for the NAA/Cho ratio, respectively. In the cystic components, the mean Cho/Cr, NAA/Cr, and NAA/Cho ratios were 3.2 ± 0.8 and 5.1 ± 1.2; 9.1 ± 3.4 and 2.3 ± 1.4; and 2.9 ± 1.2 and 0.5 ± 0.4, respectively (all P < 0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, and AUC were 84%, 82%, and 0.89 for the Cho/Cr ratio; 94%, 97%, and 0.99 for the NAA/Cr ratio; and 94%, 97%, and 0.99 for the NAA/Cho ratio, respectively. DATA CONCLUSION: The NAA/Cho ratio is a reliable biomarker for differentiating borderline from malignant EOTs. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 Technical Efficacy: Stage 3 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2019;49:1684-1693.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC
7.
Eur J Radiol ; 109: 62-67, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30527313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging morphological relationship between adnexal tumors and the ipsilateral ovaries to characterize the origin and malignancy of tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical and MR imaging data of 496 adnexal tumors confirmed by histology (ovary tumors, n = 400, non-ovarian tumors, n = 96; benign tumors, n = 183, borderline tumors, n = 120, and malignant tumors, n = 193) were retrospectively analyzed. The presence and shape of the ipsilateral ovaries within the context of adnexal tumors of different origins, malignancies and configurations were evaluated. The relationships between the presence of the ipsilateral ovary and patient age, menstrual status and tumor size were also analyzed. RESULT: The ipsilateral ovary was detected on MRI in 23% (90/400) of ovarian tumors and in 45% (43/96) of non-ovarian tumors (p < 0.001). A normal ovoid morphology of the ipsilateral ovary was found in only 7% (26/400) of ovarian tumors and in 26% (25/96) of non-ovarian tumors (p < 0.001). The ipsilateral ovary was detectable in 38% (69/183) of benign tumors, 35% (42/120) of borderline tumors, and 11% (22/193) of malignant tumors (p < 0.001); in 24% (24/101) of cystic tumors, 27% (49/179) of mixed cystic-solid tumors and 28% (60/216) of solid tumors (p = 0.737); and in 40% (120/303) of adnexal tumors in premenopausal patients and 7% (13/193) of adnexal tumors in postmenopausal patients (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Detection of the ipsilateral ovary contributes to the localization and characterization of adnexal tumors. The ipsilateral ovary can be detected more frequently in non-ovarian tumors and in benign or borderline ovarian tumors.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Anexos Uterinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ovário/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 43(11): 3132-3141, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29556691

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of quantitative DCE-MRI for characterizing ovarian tumors. METHODS: We prospectively assessed the differences of quantitative DCE-MRI parameters (Ktrans, kep, and ve) among 15 benign, 28 borderline, and 66 malignant ovarian tumors; and between type I (n = 28) and type II (n = 29) of epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOCs). DCE-MRI data were analyzed using whole solid tumor volume region of interest (ROI) method, and quantitative parameters were calculated based on a modified Tofts model. The non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, Pearson's chi-square test, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), variance test, and receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The largest Ktrans and kep values were observed in ovarian malignant tumors, followed by borderline and benign tumors (all P < 0.001). Kep was the better parameter for differentiating benign tumors from borderline and malignant tumors, with a sensitivity of 89.3% and 95.5%, a specificity of 86.7% and 100%, an accuracy of 88.4% and 96.3%, and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.94 and 0.992, respectively, whereas Ktrans was better for differentiating borderline from malignant tumors with a sensitivity of 60.7%, a specificity of 78.8%, an accuracy of 73.4%, and an AUC of 0.743. In addition, a combination with kep could further improve the sensitivity to 78.9%. The median Ktrans and kep values were significantly higher in type II than in type I EOCs. CONCLUSION: DCE-MRI with volume quantification is a technically feasible method, and can be used for the differentiation of ovarian tumors and for discriminating between type I and type II EOCs.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Meios de Contraste , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
9.
Eur J Radiol ; 98: 136-142, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29279152

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify the MRI features of borderline epithelial ovarian tumors (BEOTs) and to differentiate BEOTs from malignant epithelial ovarian tumors (MEOTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and MRI data of 89 patients with a BEOT and 109 patients with a MEOT proven by surgery and histopathology were retrospectively reviewed. MRI features, including bilaterality, size, shape, margin, cystic-solid interface, configuration, papillae or nodules, signal intensity, enhancement, presence of an ipsilateral ovary, peritoneal implants and ascites were analyzed and compared. Based on the odds ratio (OR) values, the significant risk features for BEOTs were scored as 3 (OR≈∞), 2 (5≤OR<∞) or 1 (OR<5). RESULTS: There were 89 BEOT patients with 113 tumors [mean size of (13±6.7)cm], with bilateral ovary involvement in 24 cases. There were 109 MEOT patients with 142 tumors [(9.3±4.2)cm] with bilateral ovary involvement in 33 cases. There were eight significant risk factors for BEOTs, including round or oval shape (OR=2.714), well-defined margins (OR=3.318), clear cystic-solid interfaces (OR=5.593), purely cystic (OR=15.206), predominantly cystic with papillae or nodules (OR=2.579), exophytic papillae or nodules (OR=5.351), branching papilla (OR≈∞) and the presence of an ipsilateral ovary (OR≈∞). Based on the scoring of the eight risk factors, a cut-off score of 3.5 yielded a differential sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 82%, 85% and 84%, respectively. CONCLUSION: In contrast to MEOTs, BEOTs frequently had the following features on MRI: round or oval, with well-defined margins and clear cystic-solid interfaces, purely cystic or predominantly cystic with papillae or nodules, branching or exophytic papillae, with the presence of an ipsilateral ovary. MRI can reveal the distinct morphological features of BEOTs and MEOTs and facilitate their discrimination.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
10.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 27(9): 1877-1887, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28906310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) features of endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) including a preliminary investigation of the correlation between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and Ki-67 expression. METHODS: The clinical and MRI data of 15 patients with ESS confirmed by surgery and pathology were analyzed retrospectively. The conventional MR morphological features, signal intensity on DWI, ADC value (n = 14), and clinicopathological marker Ki-67 (n = 13) were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 15 patients with ESS, 13 tumors were low-grade ESS (LGESS), and the remaining 2 were high-grade ESS (HGESS); 9 tumors were located in the myometrium, 5 were located in the endometrium and/or cervical canal, and 1 was located in extrauterine. Thirteen (87%) of 15 tumors showed a homo- or heterogeneous isointensity on T1-weighted imaging and a heterogeneous hyperintensity on T2-weighted imaging. The hypointense bands were observed in 11 tumors (73%) on T2-weighted imaging. The degenerations (cystic/necrosis/hemorrhage) were observed in 7 LGESS tumors and 2 HGESS tumors. The DWI hyperintensity was observed in 13 tumors (93%) and isointensity in remaining 1. The mean ADC value of the solid components in 14 ESSs was (1.05 ± 0.20) × 10mm/s. The contrast-enhanced MRI showed an obvious enhancement in 14 tumors (93%) (heterogeneous in 7 LGESSs and 2 HGESSs; homogeneous in 5 LGESSs). The ADC value was inversely correlated with the Ki-67 expression (r = -0.613, P = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with ESS showed some characteristics on conventional MRI and DWI, and there was an inverse correlation between the ADC value and Ki-67 expression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Endométrio/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67/biossíntese , Sarcoma do Estroma Endometrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoma do Estroma Endometrial/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sarcoma do Estroma Endometrial/patologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 46(5): 1499-1506, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28295854

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the use of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) in differentiating borderline from malignant epithelial ovarian tumors (MEOTs) and to correlate DKI parameters with Ki-67 expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two consecutive patients with epithelial ovarian tumors (17 borderline epithelial ovarian tumors, BEOTs; 35 MEOTs) were prospectively evaluated using DKI with b values of 0, 500, 1000, 1500, 2000, and 2500 s/mm2 and standard diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with b values of 0 and 1000 s/mm2 using a 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) unit. The kurtosis (K) and diffusion coefficient (D) from DKI and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) from standard DWI were measured, compared, and correlated with Ki-67 expression between the two groups. Statistical analyses were performed using the Mann-Whitney U-test, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and Spearman's correlation. RESULTS: The K value was significantly lower in BEOTs than in MEOTs (0.55 ± 0.09 vs. 0.9 ± 0.2), while the D and ADC values were significantly higher in BEOTs than in MEOTs (2.27 ± 0.35 vs. 1.39 ± 0.37 and 1.72 ± 0.36 vs. 1.1 ± 0.25, respectively) (P < 0.001). For differentiating between BEOTs and MEOTs, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 88.2%, 94.3%, and 92.3% for K value; 88.2%, 91.4%, and 90.4% for D value; and 88.2%, 88.6%, and 88.5% for ADC value, respectively. However, there were no differences in the diagnostic performances among the three parameters above (K vs. ADC, P = 0.203; D vs. ADC, P = 0.148; K vs. D, P = 0.904). The K value was positively correlated with Ki-67 expression (r = 0.699), while the D and ADC values were negatively correlated with Ki-67 expression (r = -0.680, -0.665, respectively). CONCLUSION: Preliminary findings demonstrate that DKI is an alternative tool for differentiating BEOTs from MEOTs, and is correlated with Ki-67 expression. However, no added value is found for DKI compared with standard DWI. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2017;46:1499-1506.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Ovarian Res ; 10(1): 4, 2017 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28088245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to investigate the utility of dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) in the differentiation of malignant, borderline, and benign complex ovarian tumors. METHODS: DCE-MRI data of 102 consecutive complex ovarian tumors (benign 15, borderline 16, and malignant 71), confirmed by surgery and histopathology, were analyzed retrospectively. The patterns (I, II, and III) of time-signal intensity curve (TIC) and three semi-quantitative parameters, including enhancement amplitude (EA), maximal slope (MS), and time of half rising (THR), were evaluated and compared among benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian tumors. The types of TIC were compared by Pearson Chi-square χ 2 between malignant and benign, borderline tumors. The mean values of EA, MS, and THR were compared using one-way ANOVA or nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test. RESULTS: Fifty-nine of 71 (83%) malignant tumors showed a type-III TIC; 9 of 16 (56%) borderline tumors showed a type-II TIC, and 10 of 15 (67%) benign tumors showed a type-II TIC, with a statistically significant difference between malignant and benign tumors (P < 0.001) and between malignant and borderline tumors (P < 0.001). MS was significantly higher in malignant tumors than in benign tumors and in borderline than in benign tumors (P < 0.001, P = 0.013, respectively). THR was significantly lower in malignant tumors than in benign tumors and in borderline than in benign tumors (P < 0.001, P = 0.007, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference between malignant and borderline tumors in MS and THR (P = 0.19, 0.153) or among malignant, borderline, and benign tumors in EA (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: DCE-MRI is helpful for characterizing complex ovarian tumors; however, semi-quantitative parameters perform poorly when distinguishing malignant from borderline tumors.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Aumento da Imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Ovarian Res ; 9(1): 40, 2016 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27377917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of ovarian clear cell carcinoma (CCC) and high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), to distinguish CCC from HGSC. METHODS: MRI features (laterality, shape, size, configuration, papillary projection, signal intensity, enhancement, peritoneal implant, lymphadenopathy, ascites) of 40 tumors in 37 patients with CCC, confirmed by surgery and pathology, were compared with those of 62 tumors in 40 patients with HGSC. Statistical analysis was performed using Mann-Whitney and Fisher's exact tests. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference in the mean maximum diameter, laterality, and FIGO stage (P = 0.002, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, respectively) between CCC and HGSC. Compared to HGSCs, CCCs were more frequently oval (30/40, 75 % vs 12/62, 19 %; P < 0.001), more often cystic (21/40, 53 % vs 8/62, 13 %; P < 0.001) and unilocular (23/29, 79 % vs 7/31, 23 %; P < 0.001), had T1-hyperintense cystic components more often (18/29, 62 % vs 5/29, 17 %; P < 0.001), had larger papillary projections (5.13 ± 0.4 cm vs 2.91 ± 0.3 cm; P < 0.001), were peritoneally implanted less frequently (P = 0.001) and had fewer ascites (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CCC typically showed an oval, unilocular cystic mass with large papillary projection and T1-hyperintense cystic components. MRI could be helpful for distinguishing CCC from HGSC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/cirurgia , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Menopausa , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Carga Tumoral
14.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 39(3): 401-5, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25978592

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma (OEC) and to evaluate conventional MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for diagnosing OEC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with OEC proven by surgery and pathology underwent MRI. The MRI features of the tumors evaluated included laterality, shape, size, configuration, mural nodules, signal intensity, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values, enhancement, peritoneal implants, ascites, and synchronous primary cancer (SPC) of the ovary and endometrium. RESULTS: Unilateral ovarian masses were observed in 18 (90%) of the 20 patients with 22 OEC lesions, whereas the remaining 2 (10%) patients had bilateral masses. Oval, lobulated, and irregular shapes were observed in 13 (59%), 6 (27%), and 3 (14%) tumors, respectively. The maximum diameter of the tumors ranged from 3.7 to 22.5 cm, with a mean of 11.2 ± 5.1 cm. Fifteen (68%) masses were mainly cystic with mural nodules, 5 (23%) were mixed cystic-solid, and 2 (9%) were solid. The solid components of tumors showed isointensity (100%) on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), heterogeneous hyperintensity on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) (86%), and hyperintensity on DWI (82%), with a mean ADC value of (0.96 ± 0.20) × 10 mm/s. The cystic components showed isointensity or hyperintensity (85%) on T1WI, hyperintensity on T2WI (100%), and hypointensity on DWI (63%), with a mean ADC value of (2.27 ± 0.27) × 10 mm/s. Ten (50%) of the patients were SPC. The mean ADC values of the solid components were (0.85 ± 0.19) × 10 mm/s and (1.08 ± 0.15) × 10 mm/s in only-OEC and SPC, respectively, with a statistically significant difference (P = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma usually appears as a large, oval, or lobulated cystic mass with mural nodules. Cystic components show isointensity or hyperintensity on T1WI, solid components and hyperintensity on T2WI and DWI. Synchronous primary cancer of the ovary endometrium is another characteristic feature of OEC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Endometrioide/patologia , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
J Ovarian Res ; 8: 26, 2015 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25926038

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features for differentiating ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma (OEC) from high-grade serous adenocarcinoma (HGSC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients with 25 OECs and 93 patients with 139 HGSCs confirmed by surgery and pathology underwent conventional MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). The MRI features of the tumors, including laterality, size, shape, configuration, signal intensity, ADC value of solid component, enhancement, ascites, synchronous primary cancer (SPC) of the ovary and endometrium, and clinical stage, were evaluated and compared between two groups. RESULTS: The following characteristics were significantly more common for OECs than HGSCs: unilateral (91.3% vs 50.5%, P < 0.001), larger mass (80.0% vs 48.2%, P = 0.005), round or oval shape (64.0% vs 17.3%, P < 0.001), mainly cystic with mural nodules or papillary projections (72.0% vs 18.7%, P < 0.001), cystic component with homogeneous iso- or hyperintensity on T1WI (82.6% vs 4.3%, P < 0.001), moderate enhancement (52.0% vs 26.6%, P = 0.011), no or mild ascites (91.3% vs 57.0%, P = 0.002), and SPC (43.5% vs 4.3%, P < 0.001). The ADC value of the solid component was higher in OECs (0.979 ± 0.197 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s) than in HGSCs (0.820 ± 0.112 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s) (P = 0.002). When a mainly cystic mass with mural nodules or papillary projections was associated with any one of homogeneously iso- or hyperintense cystic component on TIWI, a relatively higher ADC value and SPC, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive and negative predictive values for characterizing OEC were 87.0%, 93.5%, 92.2%, 76.9%, and 96.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Conventional MRI combining DWI is helpful for differentiating OECs from HGSCs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Endometrioide/diagnóstico , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/diagnóstico , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 204(6): W724-30, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26001263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to investigate the proton MR spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) features of solid adnexal tumors and to evaluate the efficacy of (1)H-MRS for differentiating benign from malignant solid adnexal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with surgically and histologically proven solid adnexal tumors (27 benign and 42 malignant) underwent conventional MRI and (1)H-MRS. Single-voxel spectroscopy was performed using the point-resolved spectroscopy localization technique with a voxel size of 2 × 2 × 2 cm(3). Resonance peak integrals of choline, N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), creatine, lactate, and lipid were analyzed, and the choline-tocreatine, NAA-to-creatine, lactate-to-creatine, and lipid-to-creatine ratios were recorded and compared between benign and malignant tumors. RESULTS: A choline peak was detected in all 69 cases (100%), NAA peak in 67 cases (97%, 25 benign and 42 malignant), lipid peak in 47 cases (17 benign and 30 malignant), and lactate peak in eight cases (four benign and four malignant). The mean (± SD) choline-tocreatine ratio was 5.13 ± 0.6 in benign tumors versus 8.90 ± 0.5 in malignant solid adnexal tumors, a statistically significant difference (p = 0.000). There were no statistically significant differences between benign and malignant tumors in the NAA-to-creatine and lipid-to-creatine ratios (p = 0.263 and 0.120, respectively). When the choline-to-creatine threshold was 7.46 for differentiating between benign and malignant tumors, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 94.1%, 97.1%, and 91.2%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our preliminary study shows that the (1)H-MRS patterns of benign and malignant solid adnexal tumors differ. The choline-to-creatine ratio can help clinicians differentiate benign from malignant tumors.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Anexos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Anexos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias Ovarianas/química , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 42(1): 42-7, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25176611

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare potential discriminatory magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of primary fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC) and primary epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI features (the laterality, shape, size, signal intensity, enhancement of solid portion, amount of ascites, peritoneal planting, lymph nodes, or distant metastasis) of 27 tumors in 23 patients with PFTC confirmed by surgery and pathology were compared with 42 tumors in 37 patients with EOC. RESULTS: The mean maximum diameter was 6.1 ± 0.7 cm in PFTC versus 10.2 ± 0.6 cm in EOC. MRI features of PFTC were sausage-like shape (19/27, 70%), or irregular (8/27, 30%) shape; solid (20/27, 74%) or cystic-solid (7/27, 26%) mass; homogeneous (21/27, 78%) or heterogeneous (6/27, 22%) signal on T2 -weighted images; mild (8/27, 30%), moderate (13/27, 48%), or prominent (6/27, 22%) enhancement; associated hydrosalpinx (13/27, 48%) or intrauterine fluid accumulation (7/23, 30%). Significant differences between PFTC and EOC were found in the size, shape, configuration, signal homogeneity, and enhancement pattern, associated hydrosalpinx, and intrauterine fluid accumulation (P < 0.001, < 0.001, 0.015, 0.001, < 0.001, < 0.001, and 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: PFTC often appears as a small-sized solid mass, with a sausage-like shape, homogeneous signal, mild or moderate enhancement, hydrosalpinx, or intrauterine fluid accumulation. Our preliminary study shows that MRI can identify the characteristic features of PFTC and differentiate PFTC from EOC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/patologia , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 39(2): 270-5, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25373473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the magnetic resonance (MR) and diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging characteristics of primary fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC). METHODS: The clinical, MR, and DW imaging characteristics and pathologic findings of 23 patients with 27 tumors were studied retrospectively. The MR and DW imaging appearance of tumors including laterality, size and shape, architecture, signal intensity, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value, enhancement pattern, hydrosalpinx, and intrauterine fluid collection were evaluated and correlated with pathologic findings. RESULTS: Histopathologically, all 27 tumors were serous carcinoma with a unilateral tumor in 19 patients and bilateral tumors in 4 patients. Thirteen patients (57%) with PFTC were misdiagnosed preoperatively, 10 of which as epithelial ovarian carcinoma. The mean (SD) largest diameter was 61 (7) mm. The tumor shape was fusiform, sausagelike, or serpentine in 19 patients (70%) and nodular or irregular in 8 patients (30%). Twenty (74%) of the 27 tumors were solid, and 7 (26%) were cystic-solid. The solid components showed hypointensity to isointensity on T1-weighted imaging, and isointensity to slight hyperintensity on T2-weighted imaging. There were obvious hyperintensity on DW imaging; obvious hypointensity on ADC maps with a mean (SD) ADC value of 0.79 (0.22) × 10 mm; and mild (8/27, 30%), moderate (13/27, 48%), and marked (6/27, 22%) enhancement on contrast-enhanced imaging. Ipsilateral hydrosalpinx, intrauterine fluid collection, and ascites were found in 14 tumors (52%) and 7 (30%) and 5 (22%) patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The PFTC has some characteristic MR imaging features. The DW imaging, ADC maps, and ADC values are helpful for the detection and differentiation of PFTC from other pelvic masses.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Eur Radiol ; 24(9): 2292-9, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24871335

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for differentiating borderline from malignant epithelial tumours of the ovary. METHODS: This retrospective study included 60 borderline epithelial ovarian tumours (BEOTs) in 48 patients and 65 malignant epithelial ovarian tumours (MEOTs) in 54 patients. DW imaging as well as conventional MR imaging was performed. Signal intensity on DW imaging was assessed and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value was measured. The results were correlated with histopathology and cell density. RESULTS: The majority of MEOTs showed high signal intensity on DW imaging, whereas most BEOTs showed low or moderate signal intensity (P = 0.000). The mean ADC value of the solid components in BEOTs (1.562 ± 0.346 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s) was significantly higher than in MEOTs (0.841 ± 0.209 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s). A threshold value of 1.039 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s permitted the distinction with a sensitivity of 97.0%, a specificity of 92.2% and an accuracy of 96.4%. There was an inverse correlation between ADC value and cell density (r = -0.609; P = 0.0000) which was significantly lower in BEOTs than in MEOTs. CONCLUSIONS: DW imaging is useful for differentiating borderline from malignant epithelial tumours of the ovary. KEY POINTS: DW MR imaging is useful for differentiating BEOTs from MEOTs. Patients with BEOTs are treated differently from patients with MEOTs. Conservative fertility-sparing laparoscopic surgery can be performed in patients with BEOTs. BEOTs often affect young women of childbearing age.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Ovário/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 40(3): 745-51, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24395397

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the MRI features of mucinous borderline ovarian tumors (MBOT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI morphology of 30 MBOT proven MBOT by surgery and pathology was retrospectively studied and correlated with the histopathological findings. On MRI, tumors were classified into three morphological categories: (i) unilocular cyst in five (17%) tumors. (ii) multilocular cyst in 23 (76%) tumors. (iii) solid mass in 2 (7%) tumors. MRI features of tumors were identified including the multilocularity (23/30, 77%), honeycomb loculi (15/30, 50%), signal discrepancy (different signal intensity on T1WI and T2WI) (19/30, 63%), thickened wall or septa (>3 mm) (16/30, 53%). RESULTS: Intestinal type and endocervical type of MBOT, two distinctly histologic subtypes, were found in 20 (67%) and 10 (33%) tumors respectively. There were a higher prevalence of multilocularity (P = 0.026), honeycomb loculi (P = 0.025), and signal discrepancy (P = 0.024) in intestinal type than endocervical type of MBOT. CONCLUSION: Typical MRI features of MBOT are large multilocular tumors with honeycomb loculi, heterogeneous signal intensity of the loculi, and thickened wall or septa.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Gadolínio DTPA , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
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